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containing the Prefixes, Postfixes, and seTeral hundred 

Latin and Greek Roots, of the English Language. 1 'iih 

Edition, price Id. 

or, an Abridgement of the Etymological ManuaL Tenth 

Edition^ price 6d. 
The ETYMOLOGICAL MANUAL : containing the 

Prefixes, Postfixes, and Latin, Greek, and other Roots of 

the English Language, adapted to tlae Improved System 

of Education. 2od Edition^ y^'xcq \?,. 

ENGLISH LANGUAGE, adapted to the JModern Sys- 

tem of Tuition. 12th Edit,, 5s, 

This work contains copious Tables of the Prefixes, the Postfixes, and all 
the Derivative English Words, classified under their respective Roots, 
wJth examples illustrating their primary and secondary meaning. In the 
Notes, the Teacher will find some useful and important information on 
the history and peculiar significations of the more abstruse and technical 
words. To the Teacher, then, it must prove a valuable manual; to the 
Scholar, a useful text-book ; and to those unacquainted with the leamwJ 
languages it will furnish a ready Key to tlie obscurities of their own, 

•' We are convinced that this work is calculated to facilitate in an emi- 
nent degree the labour both of the teacher and the scholar." 

The Quarterly Journal of Education. 

** This very laborious compilation deserves to be introduced into eveiT 
sf hool where the English language is taught." — Athenceum. 

" We have not for a long time met with a book which promised t(; be 
more useful." — Scotsman. 

" It will be found useful not only to children, but to students of a more 
advanced age." — Spectator. 


iioHj price 6d. 


Is. 6d. 





In complying with the demand for a new Edition of 
this Work, the Author has made considerahle im- 
provements. He has omitted obsolete words, insert- 
ed others, and added an Appendix, containing a 
Tabular Keference, and a copious list of Synonymous 
and Paronymous terms. The Tabular Reference 
will prove a useful help to the teacher, and furnish 
the pupil, and those unacquainted with the learned 
languages, with an easy key to the Dictionary and 
Manual. It may be proper to state, that the words 
of the Reference, found in juxtaposition, do not al 
ways bear the same or a similar signification, either 
with the leading word or with each other. They 
point to the roots in the Work itself, under which 
some word of kindred meaning with the leading 
term is to be found. The table of Synonyms and 
Paronyms is a necessary supplement : and affords a 



ready remembrancer to the writer and teacher in the 
business of composition. 

The Hebrew and Greek Alphabets are subjoined, 
to enable the pupil and the unlearned to read the 
words in these characters, and tlius to prepare them 
for commencing with gi-eater advantage the study of 
these languages. 

To the student of languages, a knowledge of the 
commutable or convertible letters is of the utmost 
importance. They have therefore been carefully as- 
certained, and exemplified in the same word in 
nineteen or twenty different languages. For an 
example of the labials^ the term bear is selected. 
In this word, the radical letters b or one of the la- 
bials and r, are to be found in the same position in 
all the above languages. The other letters, united 
with these to form the teiTn, are either euphonic or 
accidental according to the genius of the particular 
language, but not essential to the signification. So 
also of the examples of the Dentals, and Palatkds or 

The Author has now finished a complete series of 
Etjmiological V/orks for the use of schools. Their 
utility and efficiency have been established by the 
successful result of their general introduction into 
the most popular seminaries both in Scotland and 
England : by the many editions they have gone 


through in so short a period ; and by the fact of tlieir 
being reprinted in America and the East Indies. In 
the introduction to the American edition of the Dic- 
tionary, Dr Keagy, the Editor, has some remarks on 
the object of these works, which the Author has 
much pleasure in quoting. " This work," says he, 
" will be especially useful to those pupils in our 
male and female Seminaries, who do not learn Latin 
and Greek ; as they will by its aid be able to ac- 
quire, in a simple and philosophical manner, all the 
difficult temis of the English language, including 
most of the terminology of science. They will be 
thus prepared to enter on a course of scientific or 
literary studies with much greater advantages than 
they would otherwise possess. But it is not only to 
the mere English scholar that this book may be 
useful, it will also offer great facilities to those who 
are going through a course of Latin and Greek, by 
shewing them the practical bearing of their studies 
on our language." — '' The great English Philologist 
Dr J, Jones observes, in his Analogiae Latinae, 
* If the custom prevailed in all the schools^ (which 
assuredly ought to be the case,) of tracing the Eng- 
lish to the Latin language, the utility of this last 
would be more generally and permanently felt ; nor 
would it be so readily forgotten in manhood, after 
the long and fruitless pains that have been taken to 


acquire it in youth/ This book presents tlie means 
of tracing these connexions to a greater extent than 
any work in our language." 

" There is only one objection which we anticipate 
against the use of this book fen* phrase-making, viz. 
that it does not give the definitions of the derivative 
words, except in a few instances of peculiar mean- 
ings, or for the exemplification of the primitive word, 
and leaves the signification to be discovered by the 
scholar, who is furnished with all the elements 
which form the term. This, so far from being an 
objection, presents an advantage of great value. It 
offers an opportunity for more of that exertion of 
mind which constitutes active education, than could 
possibly be effected by giving the definition : just as 
it is better to require a pupil to give the boundaries 
of a country from a map, than to learn and merely 
recite them by rote from a book. The latter is a 
passive business, while the former is active. By the 
one he gains ideas ; by the other words enly.' 

George Heriot's Hospital,"^ 
Edinburgh, Nov. 183(i f 




The Compiler of the following Work proposed to 
himself chiefly to meet the difficulty under which 
those unacquainted with the learned languages neces- 
sarily labour^ in ascertaining with clearness and pre- 
cisioUj the tme and radical signification of words 
derived from foreign tongues. In consulting our po- 
pular dictionaries, the young and unlettered find them- 
selves much embarrassed^ at one time, by numerous 
and philosophical definitions given in explanation of 
some simple vocable ; at another, by finding a word 
defined by another equally difficult to imderstand, 
and whichj on being turned up, refers them again to 
that, the meaning of wdiich they are in quest of. It 
is needless to state that such embaiTassments must 
greatly tend to cool the ardor, and repress the aspir- 
ing efforts^ of the young mind in the pursuit of 

He also conceived that, by presenting the words 
of the language arranged according to their genera, 
and under their respective o'oots, he would abridge 
and facilitate the labours both of teacher and pupil. 

The principle on which the work has been con- 


struct ed, brings into full operation the pupil's powers 
of discrimination and judgment; and while it awakens 
Interest, and excites curiosity, he unconsciously ac- 
quires those elementary idesis o? vocables , which will 
guide him in the proper and legitimate application 
of them. 

The languages from which by lar the greater pro- 
portion of English words now in use originally come, 
are Greek and Latin. The Compiler has intention- 
ally abstained from introducing words of Saxon ori- 
gin. These properly constitute our mother tongue ; 
and as they in general express simple ideas, and are 
familiar to us from our infancy, it appeared to him 
that their admission would have swelled the work 
to an inconvenient size. With the exception, there- 
fore, of the prefixes and postfixes, they are omitted. 
Words borrowed from the French, Spanish, and 
modern Italian, being derived chiefly from Latin 
roots, — though much altered both in orthography 
and inflection, — are in general inserted under the 
Latin primitives. 

When the usual acceptation of a word differs from 
its literal, the peculiarity is generally explained in 
the notes, in which the interpretations of Johnson 
and Webster are generally adopted ; and in every 
word of extensive use, it was judged requisite to 
mark the progress of its meaning, and show by what 
gradations it has passed from its primitive to its re- 
mote and accidental signification. " In most cases," 
says Webster, '* this change consists in a slight de- 
flection, or difference of application, which has ob- 
tained among different families of the same stock. 
In some cases, the literal sense is lost or obscured, 


and the figurative only is retained. The first object, 
in such caseSj is to find the primary or literal sense, 
from which the various particular applications may 
be easily deduced." These nicer shades of the com- 
mon meaning, which distinguish the different periods 
m the history of language, are discoverable only by a 
careful attention to the general scope of the passage. 

Many scientific and technical terms, now in use, 
have been traced to their source, and defined in their 
restricted or appropriate application. 

Obsolete words have also been admitted when 
they are found in standard works, or when they 
possess such a degree of force and beauty, as may 
render them deserving of revival. 

As the prepositions or prefixes in all languages 
constitute an important class of vocables, being used 
in composition to vary the sense of other parts of 
speech to an unlimited extent, it was deemed useful 
to give them a particular consideration. The first 
forty pages are occupied in illustrating and aiTang- 
ing them according to their respective languages. 
Every word, or one of each class in which the pre- 
fixes occur, has been given. Another important 
ffeniis of vocables are the affixes or terminations. 
Accordingly, particular care has been taken, and a 
new plan adopted, to determine their precise import. 
They have been alphabetically classified and aiTanged 
according to the modification of noun, adjective, verh 
and adverb. By means of an accurate knowledge of 
the prefix and postfix, together with the root, the 
primary or radical signification of the word may be 
easily ascertained, as well as the elements of the 
figurative meaning detected. 


This method must greatly faciUtate the acquisi- 
tion of our vernacular tongue to foreigners, as well 
as to our own countrymen, and may in some degree 
rescue it from the mischievous influence of sciolists, 
and from that overweening spirit of innovation, 
which is perpetually disturbing its settled usages, 
and filling it with anomalies. 

As the plan on which the following Dictionary 
is compiled, differs materially from that of every 
preceding one, a few explanatory examples may- 
be necessary to illustrate its principle, and exhibit 
the manner in which it may be used in tuition. 
Suppose the word ' attraction should occur, the 
pupil may be asked. What is the literal meaning 
of the word * attraction' ? He will answer, * a 
drawYCig to,' or ^ the act or power of drawYi\<^ to/ 
From what is it derived ? ' Attract.' — What does 
the first syllable or prefix ' at,' of that word signify ? 
'To' (See 'at,' page 13.) — Give some other 
examples of that prefix ? ' Atiddw, «rtend, ftrtrib- 
ute,' &c. — What was its original form ? ' Ad.' 
(See 'ad' and its forms, p. 11.) Here the pupil 
may be called upon to give the other forms of ' ad,' 
viz. — a, ac, af, ag, al, an, ap, ar, as, — with an ex- 
ample of each ,• such as, «spire, accede, q/fix, «^gra- 
vate, ttZleviate, a^inihilate, «/>pend, arrogate, <7ssimi- 
late. — What does the last syllable or postfix ' ion,' 
of that word denote ? ' The act of,' or *■ ing.' (See 
' ion,' p, .59.) — Give some other example of that 
affix havino- the same sigmification ? ' Contribut?o?2, 
coWhioii, dissolut/o;?, commot/o??,* &c. (See these 
and other examples, p. 59-) — What is the root or 
theme of that word ' extraction ? * Tract' — What 


does it signify ? ' Draw.' (See ' tr actum* to draw, 
p. 567. which refers to ' traho,' p. 568. where the 
word ' attraction is to be found. See also note 
under ' gravitation/ p. 233.) Here, in alphabet.^ 
ical order or otherwise, the other words derived from 
* tracf may be ehcited. Some such interrogato- 
ries as the following may be put by the teacher : 
Give a word signifying to d^-aw from ? The 
pupil will answer, ' Abs^rac^.' (See * abs,' p. 11.) 
— Having power to draw to ? ' Kltract'iYe.' (' at/ as 
above, and ' ive/ p. 86.) — To draw together? ^ Con - 
tract' (^ con/ p. 14.) — To draw from or down? 
' Detract.' (^ de/ p. 18.) — To draw apart or asun. 
der^ or to perplex? 'Distract.' (^dis/ p. 21.) — 
To draw out? 'Extract.' ('ex/ p. 21.) — That 
cannot be drawn or managed ? ' Intractable/ (J in, 
p. 26. and 'ble,' p. 79-) — To draio forth, or to 
prolong ? ' Vi'otract. {' pro,' p. 32.) — To draw 
back ? ' detract,' {' re,' p. 33.) — To draw under or 
from ? ' Subtract.' (' sub,' p. 36.) — A mark left by 
something j(9as5?w^, or a vestige ? 'Trace,' (p. 570.) 
— A beaten path ? ' Track.' — A portion of land, 
also a treatise ? ' Tract.' — That may be drawn 
out in length? ' TractWe.' (Mle/ p. 85.) — A iraiL 
2;?^ _ vehicle, or sledge? ' Trainemi.' — The other 
words derived from, or connected with these may 
also be asked. The preceding process might, with 
advantage, be varied or reversed ; the teacher giving 
the word, and requesting the pupil to state its mean- 
ing, or the pupil may be called upon to mention 
some or all the words derived from that 7^oot. 

Interrogated in this manner the pupil would 


soon acquire an accurate knowledge of aj\y ge7nis or 
class of vocables. 

Suppose^ agaln^ the word ' animate' should occur. 
What does that word signify ? ^ To give life.' — 
Has it any other meaning ? ' Having life.' — What 
part of that word denotes to give ? ' Ate.' {' ate/ 
p. 95.) — Has the affix ' ate,' when annexed to verbs^ 
any other meaning ? ' To make.' (p. ^5.) — Give 
some examples of that termination having this 
signification ? ' Abbrevi«fe, antiquafe_, ivMsivate, 
renoYate,' &c. — When ' ate' is subjoined to adjec- 
tives, what does it denote ? ' Having' or ' being.' 
{'ate,' p. 78.) — Give examples? 'Inanimate, af- 
fectionate, adequa^^, ^linate,' &c. — When ' ate' is 
affixed to nouns, what does it denote ? ' One icho,' 
or ' the person who' (^ ate^ p. 46.) — State some ex- 
amples ? ' K^xazate, associafe, potentate, prim^fe,' 
&c. — What part of the word ' ani?nate signifies 
Ife? ' Anim.' {' anima,' -p. 108.) — State another 
example ? ' lria7iijnate.'- — What does *■ maniynate 
imply ? ' Not having life.' {' in,' p. 26, and ' ate,' 
p. 78.) — Proceeding farther in the investigation, 
some such questions as the following may be put. 
A living creature? ' Anim^X.' — A little anitnal? 
' AnirndXcxAe' (J cle,' p. 56.) — The state of being 
lively, orlife? 'Animation.' ('ion,' p. 590 — Men- 
tion another word of a similar import ? ' Vitality.' 
{' vivo,' p. 620.) — Here the words under ' vivo,' 
being of similar meaning, may also be given. 
Being out of life, or lifeless"^ ' Exanimate.' (p. 2 1 . & 
78.) — To give Ife again ? ' 'Reanimate.' (p. 33. & 
95.) — Does the root ' ani?n' bear any other import ? 
'Mind.' {'animus,' p. 108 i — Give an example? 

PREFx\CE. Xlll 

*" AnimsidYevt.' — What does aw/madvert signify? 

* To turn the mind to, to criticise.' What part of 
that word denotes ' ifo' ? 'Ad.' (p. 11.)— What 
part imports ' turn ? ' Vert' {' verto,' p. 602.) — 
Here an opportunity is afforded of exercising the 
pupil on the derivatives of '' verto.' A strong active 
feehng of the mind, or hatred ? ' Animosity.' — 
The being of equal mind, or equalness of mind ? 
' ISiquanimity/ (^ equus' for *■ sequus/ p. 180, and 

* ty/ p. 64.) — The being of great mind, or great- 
ness (A mind ? ' Magna?z/mity/ (*" magnus/ p. 292.) 
— The being of little mind, or littleness of mind ? 
' V\i%\\\anim\iy' {f pusillus/ p. 440.) — The being 
of one mind, or oneness of mind ? ' '[]na7iim\iy.' 
{' unus/ p. 584.) 

One example more may be taken. Suppose the 
word 'geography should occur. What is the literal 
meaning of that word ? ' A description of the earth 
or world.' — Whether is it simple or compound ? 
^ Compound.' — Of what is it compounded ? ' Ge, the 
earth, (p. 219-) and ' Grapho,' to describe, (p. 230.) 
It may be proper to state that the letter ' o/ which 
intervenes between the * ge/ and *■ graphy/ is eu- 
phonic, and is usually inserted between the two com- 
ponent or radical parts, of which words derived from 
Greek are compounded. — One who describes the 
earth or world ? ' G^ogi-apher.' {' er,' p. 47.) — 
Pertaining to geography ? * Geographical.' (' al,' 
and ' icalj* p. 72.) — The other words from ' Gc,' 
(p. 219.) maybe asked, as well as those derived 
from ' Terra,' (p. 552.) being the corresponding term 
in Latin, denoting ea7-th. A few also of those de- 
rive^, from ' Grapho' may be taken 



The Accent is the more forcible utterance of a particular 
syllable of a word. And on the final letter of that syllable, 
the accent is uniformly placed. In the word coUisi'on, for 
example, the accent is marked on the terminating letter ' V 
of the accented syllable ' /wi,' which is pronounced lizh ; 
and the whole word, kol-lizh'-oii. 


a or ab 










stands for 


neuter, after Latin, and 
noun, after English words. 
perfect participle, 

The Figures indicate the Declension and Conjugation. 


These are letters of the same organs : that is, letters 
formed by the same parts of the mouth ; and they are com- 
monly divided into Labials, Dentals., Palatials or Gutturals. 
A knowledge of them is of the utmost importance in the 
study of Etymology, as it affords a key to trace the affinity 
of words in different languages. 

The Labials are—B, F, P, Ph, {<p), V, and W. 

Examples in Different Languages. 

Eng. iear ; S. iaeran, ^eran ; Goth, fiairan, gaiairan ; 
G. /iihren, geiaren ; D. woeren, iaaren ; Sw. iara ; Dan. 
icerer; L. /ero, jsario, porto ; Gr. <p5^«, <po^icj ; Fr. porter ; 
Sp. & Port, joarir, joortar ; It. joortare ; Ir. iearadh, Aeirim ; 
Gael, 5eir ; Russ. beru ; Sans, iharadi ; H. K"\3j, n"»5 ; 
Eth. /araya. 

Eng. way ; S. waeg, wzg ; G. &, D. weg ; Dan. ve] ; Sw. 
vag ; L. via ; It. via ; Port, via ; Fr. voie. 

The Dentals are — D, T, Th, S, Z, and C, sibilant. 

Examples in Different Languages. 

Eng. c/aughier ; Goth. c?auh/ar ; S. rfoh^er ; Scot, rfoch/er ; 
D. dogtei ; G. tochter ; Sw. & Dan. dotter ; Gr. S-uyuryi^ ; 
Russ. t^och ; Per. o?ochfar, docht ; Sans. c?uhi^r. 

Eng. hiothev ; S. hrothev or hrether ; Goth, bro^^ar ; Sw. 

& Dan. brother; D. broerfer ; G. hvuder; Sans, brae/er ; Russ. 
hrat ; L. fra^er ; Gr. <p^xrno ; Fr. frere ; Sp. frayle, a friar ; 
Vort. frade, a friar i It. fra/ello, fra/e ; Pers. boraJar ; Sans, 
bliratr ; W. brawc? ; Corn, brer/ar ; Arm. breu;2rr ; Ir. & Gael. 
bra^Aair ; Sam. abrai. 

Eng. grace ; L. gratia ; Fr. grace ; It. grd;2;ia ; G. gra- 
iie; Sp. gracia; Port gT"i9a ; Ir. grasa; Gael, gta.v; W. rharf. 


The Palatials or Gutturals are — Q, C, hardj Ch, K, and Q. 
Examples iti Different Languages. 

Eng. ^ross ; Fr. ^ros ; It. grdsso ; Port, ^rosso ; Sp. 
^meso, ^TTOsero ; L. crassns. Eng. ^reat ; S. ^eat ; D. 
^root ; G. ^oss ; Norm, ^res ; It. ^rosso ; Sp. ^ueso ; Port, 
^osso ; Fr. ^ros ; Arm. gxo%(^z. 

Eng. car, cart ; W. car ; Ir. carr, carra or cairt ; Arm. garr ; 
D. & G. A'arre ; Sw. Ararra ; Dan. ^arre ; Sp. It. & Port, 
carro ; L. carrus or currus ; Fi. cAar ; Eng. c/iariot ; S. craet. 

Eng. creep ; S. creopan, crypan ; W. crepian, cropian ; D. 
Ariuipen; G. ^rieclien ; Sw. ^rypa ; Dan. Arryben, a creeping ; 
Ir. (/reapam ; Sp. & Port, ^repdr ; L. repo, serpo ; Gr. 'i^-Tru ; 
H. P]n->. 

Eng. ea^le ; Fr. ai^le ; Sp. abulia ; Port, a^uia ; It. 
djuila ; L. aguila ; (G. adler.) H. Sp)?, to he crooked. 

Eng. ^'wit ; Fr. quitter ; It. ^-witare & c/^ita^e ; Sp. & 
Port, qtdiax ; D. kw^ien ; G. quitiixen ; Dan. juitterer ; Sw. 
guitta ; W. ^'adu, t^adaw ; Ir. cead, leave, cwitighim, to 
requite ; Gael, cwidhtich. Eng. cede ; Fr. ceder ; Sp. & 
Port, ceddr ; It. cedere ; L. cedo ; Gr. x^'^'^i ix«-^ov. 



for Arabic 


for Samaritan 


— Armoric 


— Sanscrit 


— Chaldee 

S. or 

Sax. - Saxon or Anglo- 


— Ccniish 



— Danish 


— Scottish 


— Dutch or Belgic 


— Spanish 


— English 


— Swedish 


— Ethiopia 


— Syriac 

F. or Fr. 

— French 


— Welsh 

G. or Ger. 

— German 


— adjective 


— Gaelic 


— ad\erb 


— Greek 


— compoimd.contraction, 


— Gothic 

or common gender 

H. or Heb. 

— Hebrew 


— feminine 


.— Icelandic 


— masculine 


— Irish or Hiberno-C cltic 


— neuter 


— Italian 


— obsolete 

L. «• Lat. 

— Latin 


— perfect participle 


— Persic or Persian 


— preposition 


— Portuguese 


— pronoun 


— Riiss language, or 


— supine 



— verb 

(^ i 02? 

•Jl 05 Oi ^ 

5- 5- S" CT* 

2. I* > > O ►^ t^ 

hJ tr _ 

"^ « 03 re 

re p O S3 
-. B B 

iS «> S 5' 

^ -t,'- as 
o S 

^ s 

S" o 



W tNO 1-' 

B F. O 

D (/I w 

P tr '^ 

3 ^ P 

3 ^O 

f:!' f^ p 

rl- 5^ 5. 

^p.'" ^. tJ, 

3 o*° P 




B' ? 

o o 

J' o 



3^ :a «- o 

r^ "■ =i 2 

S-"^ 2. 3 

^ "■>->■ 9. 
P. <• g vP 

CD ^ P "^ 

fij o ff cr 
B a-'-' 

Pj m o*^ 
^ 5i X 

^ 2- 

i<3 fa B 
r* S Cfq 
p' Pj ^ 

5 § 

3. o- 

d cr 

^ "J o 

r I 

3 S P 

P S- 3 

^ M P- 


a OT 


3 « 
P- O 

P H 

3 g 

P< o 

d 3. 

1-1 o 

re ^ 

O P 

"-fj S o 
•^ l=. O- 

•-^ V- i/l 

2 '='© 

o p '-^ 

p ^^ f6 

o S « 

P o P- 

9 2 2- 

^ r 

- 3 
H 2 ^ 

O -. f 

— 3 
p n 



C r7 


S a- 

^ B 
o Cft; 



s a > 

o S n 

H J* H 

p p a 
z S,o 

o ^ 

TJ * 

ra <D w 

2 M ?^ 



P i=^ r5 ^ 
B T) CR O 

> 2 ?; 


p 3" P 
r+ «r ~ en 

n o 





B 3 

c 3 

1-1 3. 

fD ^ 

3 3- 




■ s 

_ P ?Q 

p " 

re « o ^ 

^ B » 

S. p p 

p J 


s '^ 

Su p^ 

-=• a- ::r 


" 3 S 

1— 1 

8 sr 



p p_ 5 



►-• i-tj _j 





^o » 


the im 
rin Ch 
; Hebre 

S P.3 

" Qj f'J 

re S5, 

Hi^ |- 

ore th 

3 re -. 
0-c; O 

w. &. « 

'^- ^: ?- 

P >t3 

cr. S , 

"-^ E H 

3 3" 

C 3 ft) 

n. P 'TIS 

O "^ i-( 



Character. Power. 
















Name. Power In Sound . 

Alepli, a, in all. 

Beth, b. 

Girael, g, Aarc?. 

Daleth, d. 

e He, ay, in jt^ay. 

u or V Waw, oo, in room. 

z Zain, z. 

h Heth, h, in how. 

th Teth, th, in tJiis. 

i or y lod, ee, in feel. 

k or cKaph, k. 

1 Lamed, 1. 

m Mem, m. 

n Nun, n. 

8 Samech, s, in sigti. 

o, in orer. 


o Ain, 
forp Pile, 

ts Tsade, 





ts, in its. 




t, hmxl. 


,D ,t3 ,n ,7 ,•? ,:» 
>^ ,p j» ,& jV 


,3 ,» ,1 ,n ,3 ,N 

,n ,ty ,i ,0 ,S 


Po'Acr. Nam*. 

a Alpha. 


A ec 

B /S e b Beta. 

r y [ g hard Gamma. 

^ 5 



E 1 
Z ? ^ 



H ti 



Q d 3 



I / 



K K 

A X 




M fjt 



N » 



3 ^ 




n <T 



P e 



2 ir i 
T T T 












V, /3, (p, are 


Tj 0, ir, are 


?, 1, ^, are 

double con- 



1 ~ 

form 4' i 
, form 1 ; 
, form ^. 

The diphtJiongs, eti, n, 01, oy, are in English and Latin 
changed, the eci, into se or e, =/ — 1, 01 — oe or e, ou — u. 

There are two breathings : the soft (') ; the aspirate ('). 

The soft has no perceptible power ; the aspirate^ or roughs 
is equivalent to the modern h. 

There are three accents : the acute (') ; the grave V) \ tno 
circumflex (~). 


or THE 




A,t signifies on, in, to, or at: as, afoot';, on foot; dbedi' 
in bed ; afield', to the field; afar'j at a great distance. 

aback', ad. 
abaft', ad. 
abed', ad. 
aboard', ad. 
abreast', ad. 
abroad', ad. 
abut', V. 
adieu', n. 
ad own', ad. 
adrift', ad. & a. 
afar', ad. 
afire', ad. 
afield', ad. 
aflat', ad. 

afloat', ad. 
afoot', ad. 
afresh', ad. 
afront', ad. 
ago'ing, ad. 
aground', ad. 
ahead', ad. 
ahunt'ing, ad. 
aland', ad. 
alight', V. 
aloft', ad. 
along', ad. 
aloof, ad. 
aloud', ad. 

anew', ad. 
apace', ad. 
apart', ad. 
arow', ad. 
ashore', ad. 
aside', ad. 
ask aunt', ad. 
aslant', ad. 
asleep', ad. 
aslope', ad. 
asquint', ad. 
astern', ad. 
atop', ad. 

* It is understood that tlie Prefijces and Affixes, with a few Examples, 
shall be committed to memory. 

t It appears proper, in the outset, to mention that some of the Prefixes 
and Affixes in certain words, seem redundant, or at least retain very litilc 
of their general signification. 



Be,* signifies to make : as, becalm', to make calm ; 

be^oMV, to make foul ; bedeck', to deck. 

becalm', V. be\\e', v. iespec'kle, v. 

i^cause', conj. ielock', v. iespark', v. 

be6.a,\ih', v. belong', v. Auspice', v. 

iedaz'zle, v. iemoan', v. bespot', v. 

bedeck', v. benight', v. bespread', v. 

bedew', v. benumb', v. feesprinkde, v. 

bedim', v. bepaint', v. Jesput'ter, v. 

bedust', V. bepow'der, v. bestain', v. 

befall', V. Jepraise', v. bestir', v. 

be&t', V. bequeath', r. bestovf', v. 

iefool', V. bereave', v. bestride', v. 

before', prep. berhyme', v. fiestud', v. 

befoaV, v. bescreen', v. intake', v. € 

iefriend', v. beseech', v. A^think', v. 

befringe', v. beseem', v. betide', v. 

beget', V. beset', v. betoliexi, v. 

A^gird', V. besiege', v. betray', v. 

begrease', v. besmear', v. Jetroth', v. 

begrudge', v. besmoke', v. intrust', r. 

beguile', v. Jesmut', v. bewail', v. 

behave', v. besot', u. beware', v. 

behead', v. bespangle, v. Jewil'der, v. 

behind', ad. iespai'ter, v. iewitch', v. 

Aela'bouTj v. bespeak', v. 

EN,t-EM, signifies, in, into, or on ; to make : as, en- 

camp', to form into a camp ; e?2throne', to place 

on a throne ; e^za'ble, to make able. 

ena'hle, v. 
enact', v. 
enam'el, v. & n. 
e/zatn'our, v. 
encage', v. 
encamp', V. 
encave'^ v. 

enchain', v. 
enchant', v. 
enchase', v. 
encir'de, v. 
encom'pass, v. 
encoun'ter, v. 
encour'age, v. 

encroach', v. 
encum'ber, v. 
endam'age, v. 
endan'ger, v. 
endear', v. 
endeav'our, v. 
enden'ize, v. 

* Be, in because, before, fceset, bedeck, besiege, &c. is the same word as 
b.!/. It denotes near, close, about, on, at, from some root signifying to 
pass or to f»-ess, \ F.n coincides with Fr. en, Lat. in, and Gr. iv, 

and some English words are written indifferently with en or in. When 
the word is borrowed from the French, en is more proper than in. 


endow', v. 
endure', v. 
enfee'blej v. 
enfeoff, v. 
enfet'ter, v. 
enforce', v. 
ewfran'chise, v. 

engage.', v. 
eragar'rison, v. 
engevi'der, v. 
engird', v. 
englut', V. 
engorge', v. 
engrain', v. 
engrap'-ple, v. 
engrasp', v, 
engrave', v, 
engross', v. 
engulf, V. 
enhance', v. 
enjoin', V. 

enjoy', r. 
enkin'dle, v. 
enlarge', v. 
enli'ghten, v. 
enlink', v. 
enlist', V. 
enli'ven, v. 
enno'ble, v. 
enrage', v. 
enrank', v. 
enrapt', v. 
enrap'ture, v, 
enrav'ish, v. 
enrich', v. 
enridge', v. 
enring', v. 
enri'pen, v, 
enrobe', v. 
enrol', v. 
enroot', v. 
ensan'guine, v. 
ensched'ule, v. 

en seam , v. 
enshield', v. 
e?ishrine', v. 
enslave', v. 
ensnare', v. 
ensue', v. 
ensure', v. 
e?itail', V. & n. 
entame', v. 
e?ttang1e, r. 
e?i throne', v. 
entice', v. 
enti'tle, v. 
entomb', v. 
entranse', v. 
entrap', v. 
entreat'^ v. 
envei'op, v. 
enven'om, lu 
enwheel', c. 
enwomb', v. 

Em, for EN, signifies to make : as, emheVlish, to make 
beautiful ; e??2pow'er, to give power to. 

embale', v. emblaze', u. ewpale', v. 

embalm', v. embla'zon, v. empassi'oii, t;. 

embar', v. embod'y, v. e7«plas'ter, v. 

embark', v. embol'den, v. employ', v. & n. 

embar'go, n. & v. emboss', v. empoi'son, v. 

embar'rass, v. embot'tle, v. empov'erish, v. 

embat'tle, v. embow'el, v. empow'er, v. 

embay', v. embrace', v. empur'ple, v. 

embel'lish, v. embroi'der, v. empuz'zle, v. 

embez'zle, v. embroil', v. 

Fore, signifies hefore : as, /b'rerun'ner, one who runs 
before ; Jhresee', to see be/ore. 

/oreappoint', v. forecast', v. foreci'ted, p. 

forearm', n. fore'castle, n. foreclose', v. 

forebode', v. /orecho'sen, p fore'deck, n. 


fore'door, n. 
foredoom', v. 
fore'end, n. 
forefa'ther, n. 
forehn'ger, n. 
fore'foot, n. 
J'o7-e'i^Tound, it. 
fore'handed, a. 
fore'head, n. 
/o'/-^ii"nag'inej v. 
/or<?judge', v. 
/breknow', u. 
forehand, n. 
forelay', v. 
foj-e'lock, n. 
fore'man, n. 

f or e'most, a. 
fore'numed, a. 
fore'noon, n. 
foreno'tice, n. 
foreordain' , v. 
fore'-part, n. 

/ore'sight, n. 
/oresig'nify, v. 
ybre'skin, n. 
/ore'skirt, n. 
/b?-espeak', v. 
/orestall', V. 

/or^-possess'ed, a. foretaste', v. 
/oreprom'ised, a. /ore'taste, n. 
/orequo'ted. a. 

/ore'rank, n. 
/orereci'ted, a. 
ybrerun'ner, n. 
foresay, v. 
/oresee', t>. 
foreshad'ow^ v. 
fore'ship, n. 
/oremen''tioned, a. foreshow', v. 

Imj for IN, signifies to make : as, mbit'ter, to make 
bitter ; /??zpov'erish, to make poor. 

foreteM', v. 
/bre'thought, n. 
foreto'ken, u. & ?i. 
fore'tooth, n, 
fore'toj), 71. 
forewo'ich'ed, p. 
fore\varn', v. 
forewish', v. 
forewarn', p. 

ijwband', v. 
imhank', v. 
imbed', v. 
i^nbord'er, v. 
imh'it'ter, v. 
imbod'y, v. 
tmborden, v. 
imho'som, v. 

iwbow', V. 
imbow'er, v. 
imhox', V. 
imhrcwn', v. 
imbrute'5 V. 
imhne', v. 
ammask', v. 

imraesh', u. 
«77?pair', V. 
impark', v. 
impearl', v. 
i?«pov'erish, v. 
iwpris'on, v. 
iynpur'ple, v. 

MiSj signifies ill, error, or defect, marking an ill, 
false, or wrong sense ; as, w/scon'duct, ill con- 
duct ; m/^belie'ver, one who holds 2. false rehgion, 
or beUeves2£;ro?2y/yy mesapply'^to apply to a wrong 

wisaccepta'tion, n. 7?^^sassign', v. 

wjisadven'ture, n. misbtgot', or 

misad\\'?>&d, a. misbtgot't&n, a. 

misaim'ed, a. wjjsbehave', v. 

misappiy', V. misbelief, n. 

misapprehend', v. misbelie'ver, 71. 

fRi^ascribe', v. mijcal'culate, r. 

miscal', v. 
miscar'ry, v. 
miscast', v. 
mischance', ». 
miscite', v. 
miscompute', v. 
misconcep'tion, n. 



fniscon'duct, n. 
mis'cTeaut, n. 
Twisdeed', n. 
»nwdeem', v. 
wii^deniean', v. 
misdio', V. 
♦nisdoubt', v. 
♦ni^employ'j v. 
mtsfash'ion, v. 
»n?'sfor'tune, n. 
misgiwe', v. 
wisgov'emment, n. 
wjisguide'j v. 
mishap', n. 
misin£er', v. 
misinform', v. 
♦nuinter'pretj v 
misioin'j v 

misjudge', v. 
mislay', v. 
wislead', v. 
mislike', v. & n. 
mislive', v. 
misxnan'age, v. 
mismatch', v. 
misname', v. 
misno'mer, n. 
misobserve', v. 
Twisor'der, v. & n. 
misspend', v. 
misplace', v. 
mispropor'tion, v. 
rrisquote', v. 
misrecite', v. 
misrec'kon, v. 
misrelate', v. 
misremem'ber, v. 

misreport', v. & n. 
misrepres^it', v. 
misrule', n. 
missay', v. 
misseem', v. 
misserve', v. 
misshape', v. 
misspeak', v, 
misstate', v. 
mistake', v. 
misteach', v. 
mistem'per, t'. 
misterm', v. 
tnisthink', v. 
mistime', v. 
mistrust', v. & n. 
misunderstand', v, 
misuse', v. &. n. 

mtsjoin', v. misremem'ber, v. 

Out, signifies beyond, denoting excess or superio- 
rity : as, oitiMve', to live beyond. 

ow^act', V. 
OM^bal'ance, v. 
OM^bar', V. 
outbid', V. 
outhlowed', a. 
ow^'born, a. 
OM^'bound, a. 
outbrave', v. 
ow^bra'zen, v. 
OM^'break, n. 
outbreathe', v. 
out'cast, a. & n. 
outcraft', V. 
out'cry, n. 
outdare', v. 
outdate', V. 
outdo', V. 
outdweW, V. 

outf are', v. 
oM^fawn', V. 
outRy', V. 
outfrown', v. 
out'gate, n. 
outgi\e^, V. 
outgo', V. 
outgrow', V. 
ow^'guard, n, 
ow^jest', V. 
07/^knave', v. 
o?<rtand'ish, a. 
outlast', V. 
otct'law, 71, 
outlay/', V. 
outleap', V. 
OM^leap, u. 
outlet, n. 
A 2 

outline, n. 
outlive', V. 
outlook', V. 
ou tlus'tre, v. 
OM^'lying, a. 
o«toeas'urs, v. 
outnum'ber, v. 
outmarch', v. 
out'most, a. 
OM^'parish, n. 
out'ipart, n. 
outpace', V. 
outpour', V. 
outprize', v. 
out'rage, v. & n. 
ow^reach', v. 
O'iitride', v. 
ot^^right', ad. 


o?//roar', v. oiitsport', v. 

oiitxoot', V. ow^spread', v. 

oulTun', V. ou/stand', v. 

outsa.iV, V. oif/stare', v. 

out^coriV, V. out'street, n. 

OJdaeW, V. outstretch', v. 

out', n. ozi/strip', v. 

out ihine', v. outswear', v. 

outshoot', V. outtongue', v. 

OM^'side, n. ou^talk', v. 

outsit', V. out\a\'ue, v. 

Ott^sleep', V. outven'om, v. 

oM^speak', v. outvie', v. 

Over, signifies above or over, too high or much, 
implying eminence or superiority, more than 
enough: as, over^io-w', to flow over or above; 
overcharge', to charge too high or too much. 

outvillaXn, v. 
outvote', V. 
outwalk', V. 
out'waW, n. 
out'waxd., a. n. & ad. 
ou^watch', V. 
outwear', v. 
outweedi', v. 
outweigh.', V. 
outwit', V. 
outwork', V. 
out'work, n. 
outwroM^t', p. 

oy gr-abound', t'. 
over-act', v. 
over -arch', v. 
over-awe' , v. 
ou^r-bal'ance, v. 
over-hear', v, 
over-hidi', v. 
over-h\ow', v. 
o'ver-hoard, ad. 
over-bulk', v. 
over-hur'den, v. 
over-huj', v. 
over-car'ry, v. 
overcast', v. 
overcharge', v. 
overclond', v. 
overcome', v. 
over-connt', v. 
overdo', v. 
overdress', v, 
ovei'drlve', v. 
ovcr-eye', v. 

over-^oat', v. 
overhow', v. 
overiiy', v. 
over-freight', v. 
over-glance', v. 
over-go', V. 
over-gorge', v. 
over-grow', v. 
over-hale', v. 
over-has'ty, a. 
overhang', v. 
over-har'den, v, 
oi'^rhead'j ad. 
overhear', v. 
over~]oy', v. 
over-ri'^^en, v. 
over-la'how.r, v. 
over\ade', v. 
over\d.y', v. 
oy^rleap', v. 
■•overlive', v. 
overload', v. 

overlong', a. 
overlook', V. 
ouermast'ed, a. 
overmas'ter, v. 
overmatch', r. * 
overmvich' , a. & ad, 
overnight' , n. 
overnaxae' , v. 
ouerof 'fice, v, 
overpass', v. 
overpay', v. 
overperch', v. 
o'uerplus, n. 
overfly', v. 
overpoise', v. 
overpow'er, v. 
overpress', v. 
overprize', v. 
ot^er-rank', a 
overrate', v. 
overreach', v, 
oterread', t'. 



overroast^ v. 
overrule', v. 
overrun', v. 
oversee', v. 
overset', v. 
overshade', v. 
overshad'ow, v. 
overshoot', v. 
o'versight, n. 
oversize', v. 
overskv^', v. 
overs\eeY)', v. 
overs]vp', v. 

oversnow', v, 
oversold', p. 
oversoon', ad. 
overspent', p. 
overspread', v. 
overstand', v. 
overstock', v. 
overstrain', v. 
oversway', v. 
oversvfelV, v. 
overtake', v. 
overtask', v. 
overthrow', v. 

over thwart', a. 
overtop', V. 
overtrip', v. 
overturn', v. 
ouerval'ue, i*. 
over veil', 'c- 
overwatch', v. 
overweak', a. 
overween', v. 
ouerweigh', v. 
overwhelm', v. 
overwrought', p. 
overworn', p. 

Un, before a verb, signifies to lake off, deprive of, 
implying undoing or destroying : as, ?/«clress', 
to take off clothes ; wwcrown', to deprive of a 

wnbar', v. 
wnbed', v. 
t<nbelieve', v. 
wrabi'as, V. 
unhind', v. 
Mwbish'op, V. 
unhoit', V. 
wn-bo'som, v. 
wnbow'el, v. 
unhrace', v. 
wrabuc'kle, v. 
wrebuild', v. 
ttwbur'then, v. 
«7ibut'ton, V. 
wncase', v. 
wnchain', v. 
wracharge', v. 
ttrechild', V. 
wnclasp', V. 
■u/iclew', V. 
unclench', v, 
wnclothe', v. 

wnclog', V. 
wnclois'ter, r. 
unclose', v. 
tt/2 couple, V. 
uncreate', v. 
uncrown', v. 
uncurV, v. 
wndam', v. 
wndeaf , v. 
wndeceive', v. 
tondeck', v. 
undo', V. 
wndress', v. 
uniet'ter, v. 
un^t', V. 
wnfix', V. 
unfold', V. 
wnfool', v. 
unfurl', V. 
fznfur'nish, v. 
ungird', v. 
unglue', V. 

wngod', V. 
uiihar'ness, v. 
unheart', v. 
unhinge', v. 
unhoop', V. 
unhorse', v. 
unhouse', v. 
7/nken'nel, v. 
unking', v. 
unknit', v. 
unknow', v. 
unlace', v. 
?^nlade', v. 
wnlatch', v. 
unlearn', v. 
unlink', v. 
unload', v. 
unlock', V. 
unmake', v. 
unman', v. 
unmask', v. 
unmingle, v. 



Mnmoor', v. 
wnmould', v, 
wnmuf'fle, v. 
wnmuz'zle, v. 
unnerve'j v. 
unoiV, V. 
unpack^ v. 
wnpe'ople, v. 
tinpin', V. 
wnplume', V. 
unpredict', v. 
ttraprovide'j v. 
wnqual'ify, v. 
unqueev/, v. 
wnrav'el, v. 
wnrid'dlej v. 
wnrig', V. 
t/nring'j v. 
t/nrip', V. 
unxoV, V. 

unroof, V. 
unT00t% V. 
unrufRe, v. 
Mnsay', v. 
unseaV, v. 
unseam', v. 
wTiseem', v. 
unset'tle, v. 
V. wnsex', v. 
ttwshaclde, v. 
wnsheath'j v. 
wnship', V. 
Mrishout', V. 
wnsin'ew, v. 
wnspeak', v. 
wnsphere', v. 
wraspir'it, V. 
unstate', v. 
MMSting', V. 
unstiica', o, 
ttnstop', w. 

uwstring', v, 
wnswear', v. 
w» sweat', V. 
tmtan^Qy v, 
wn teach', v. 
unieni', v, 
unt\ivak', v. 
wnthread', v. 
wnthrone', u. 
untie', V. 
w ratline', V. 
untw'vne', v. 
wntwist', V. 
wfiavail', v. 
wreveil', V. 
unvfea'xy, v. 
wrawind', V. 
wrawish', V. 
wnwreath', v. 
unyoke' f v. 

Un, * before an adjective, signifies not, implying 
negatioji or privation : as, 2/?ia'ble, not able ; un- 
blem'ished, 7iot blemished, or free from reproach. 

wnabashed', a. wnac'tive, a. 
una'hXe, a. 7f/iafFec'ted, a. 

«nabol'ished, a. ?^nal'terable, a. 
Mwac'ceptable, a. wraan'swered, a. 

ed, a. unapt', a. 

wnaccom'panied, o. z^narmed', a. 
Mraaccom'plished,a.wnart''ful, a. 
ttjiaccoun'table, a. wnasked', a. 
wnaccus'tomed, a. wnaspi'ring, a. 
«?iacquain'tedj a. w/zassis'ted, a. 

wnattai'nable, a. 
w?iattemp'ted, a. 
wnatten'ded, a. 
WTiavailing, a. 
wraapproach'ed, a. w/iavoid'able, a. 
WTiau'thorised; a. 
wraawed'j a. 
wnbecom'ing, a. 
wnbefit'ting, a. 
unhegot'ten, a 
««ben'ding, a. 

» This negative or privative particle, answers to in of the Latins, and 
R of the Greeks : it is placed almost at will before adjectives and adverbs. 


unbenev'olentj a. 
wnbeseem'ing, a. 
«nbid', a. 
wnbig'otted, a. 
^/nbla'meable, a. 
nttblem'ished, a. 
zirtblest', a. 
w/zblown'j a. 
r*nborn', a. 
w?ibought', a, 
wnbound'ed, a. 
Mrabreathed', a. 
w/ibred', a. 
^/nbribed', a. 
wrabridled', a. 
wnbro'Tcen, a. 
t^rabroth'erly, a. 
Mwbuilt', a. 
7/rabur'ied, a. 
wnburnt', a. 
uncalled', fl. 
MJican'celled, a. 
wncanon'ical, a. 
wncer'tain, a. 
wwchan'geable, a. 
wrtchar'itable, a. 
?/nchaste', a. 
w/ichris'tian, a. 
wracir'cumcised, a. 
ttnciv'ilized, a. 
wnclean', a. 
wnclou'ded, a. 
WW comely, a. 
tfncom'fortable, a. 
wncom'mon, a. 
wwconcerned', a. 
7^nconq'uerable, a. 
WTJCOur'teous, a. 
Mncrea'tedj a, 
t/racut'j a. 
undaun'ted, o. 

wndecay'ing, a. 
wndeci'ded, a. 
«?idefiled', a. 
M;idefi''nable, a. 
w?ideni'able, a. 
ttredescribed'j a. 
w«deserved', a. 
M;idesi'rable, a. 
ti/ideter'minate, a. 
wndiges'ted, a. 
wndiscern'ible, a. 
t/ndisturbed', a. 
wndone', a. 
«?idoubt'ed, a. 
wndrawn', a. 
Mjzdu'tiful, a. 
wnearthly, a, 
unea.'sy, a. 
wne'qual, a. 
wnequiv'ocal, a. 
wwer'ring, a. 
nneWen, a. 
wrafa'ding, a. 
unfailing, a. 
unfair', a. 
wwfaith'ful, a. 
«/ifa'vourable, a. 
unfeeliing, a. 
W7ifeigned', a. 
unfeT^tile, a. 
U7ifit', a. 
wnforbid'den, a. 
unforeseen', a. 
U7iforgiv'ing, a. 
T/nfor'tunate, a. 
unfound', a. 
unfriendly, a. 
wnfruit'ful, a. 
wwgen'erous, a, 
ungodly, a. 
ungrace'ful, a. 

Mwgiate'ful, a. 
w?ihap'py, a. 
wrthealth'y, a. 
u?iho1y, a. 
wnhon'oured, a. 
unhurt', a. 
wnimpor'tant, a. 
wninspired'j a. 
wnjust', a. 
wnkind', a. 
unknown', a. 
wnlawTul, a. 
unlike', a. 
wnlim'ited, a. 
wnlove'ly, a. 
unluck'y, a. 
unmade', a. 
wnmanly, a. 
Mwmar'riedj a. 
wnmea'ning, a. 
unmeet', a. 
wnmer'ciful, a. 
wwmer'ited, a. 
wwmind'ful, a. 
wramoved', a. 
wnnat'ural, a. 
t^nnav'igable, a. 
i^7ipar'doned, a. 
wnpas'sable, a. 
wnpolite', a. 
t^npop'ular, a. 
ttwprin'cipled, a. 
U7iq\iaVi^ed, a. 
unregen'erate, a. 
wnri'ghteous, a. 
unriTpe', a. 
unruly, a. 
unsafe', a. 
wnsaid', a. 
wrtsearch'able, a. 



wnseen , a. 
«nsh alien, a. 
wnskil'ful, a. 
wrasold', a. 
«;isought', a. 
wrtsound', a. 
wnsown', a. 
W7ispar'ing, a. 
wnspealcable, a. 
wnspent'j a. 
wwstead'y, a. 
wnstruct', a. 
wnsuccess'ful, a. 
wnsui'table, a. 
wwsuspec'tedj a. 

t//ita'meable, a. 
w/itaught', a. 
wnten'able, a. 
Mnter'rified, a. 
M/ithank'ful, a. 
wnthink'ing, a. 
Mntilled', a. 
wntimely, a. & ad. 
wretrac'table, a. 
wntrod'den, a. 
WTztrue', a. 
writu'tored, a. 
wnu'sual, a. 
wnut'terable, a. 
wnvanq'uished; a. 

MnvaTymg, a. 
wrtvis'ited, a. 
wnwar'rantable, a, 
wwwar'like, a. 
wnwa'ry, a. 
wrawee'ting, a. 
wnwel'come, a. 
wrewell', a. 
wnwhole'some, a. 
w?iwil'ling, a- 
W7iwise', «. 
«?iwor'thy, a, 
WTiwrit'ten, a. 
wnwTOught', a. 
wnyoked'', a. 

Under, signifies beneath or under, denoting sub- 
ordination or inferiority : as, «7iWer-clerk, be- 
neath, or subordinate to, the principal clerk. 

ttnrferac'tion, n. 
underhesx'j v. 
underbid', v. 
un'der -clQxk^ n. 
undergo', v. 
«nc?erfac'tion, n. 
wn'rfer fellow, n. 
wnrferfur'nish, u. 
wncfergird', v. 
undergo', v. 
underground', n. 
under s.rovf\h'. n. 

un'der\\ng, n. nndersec'retarj, n. 

V7idermme', v. vnderseW, v. 
u7i'derTino%t, a. U7iderseT'va,nt, n. 
underneath', ad. &p. underset', v. 
underoff'icer, n. undershex'iff, n. 
un'der'part, n. undershot', a. 

under^et'ticoat, n. un'dersong, n. 
under'pin', v. understand', v. 

nti'der^^lot, n. w^Werstrapper, n. 

under^^raise' , v. undertake', v. 

under jpixize', v. 
underpro-p', v. 

underhand',a.8cad. underpropor'tion- 
underla'hourer, n. ed, a. 
underlay', v. underrate', v. 

underlme', v. un'derrate, n. 

underten'ant, n. 
underxal'ue, v.&.n. 
un'derwood, n. 
un'dervi oxk, n. 
underwork', v. 
underwrite', v. 

With, signifies Jrom or agai?ist : as, withdraw' , 
to draw Jrom. 

mthdr&vf', V. withstand', v. withhold', v. 




A^ signifies /"row or away : as, avert', to \Mn\from, 

cmanuen SIS, n. 
avert', v. 

avoca tion, n. 
avoid', V. 

avul'sion, n. 

Ab, signifies ^om or away : as, «^bre'viate, to make 
short /"roTTZ ; absolve', to loose from. 

aialienate, v. ablative, a. abrupt', a. 

aibre'viate, or afilu'tion, n. aiscind', v. 

abridge', v. aiorish, v. assist', v. 

afi'dicate, v. afiom'inate, v. absolve'', v. 

adduce', v. aiorig'inal, a. aA'sonant, a. 

afterra'tion, n. aJor'tion, n. absorb', v. 

aihor', v. abound', v. aZ-isurd', a. 

ab'ject, a. abrade', v. abuse', v. & n. 

abjure', v. ab'togate, v. 

Abs, signifiesy5*o?w or away : as, abstain', to hold Jrotn, 

ab'scess, n. ab'sent, a. abstract', v. 

abscond', v. abstain', v. ab'stract, n. & a. 

ab'seuce, n. absterge', v. abstruse', a. 

A D, and the forms it assumes,-a, ac, af, ag, al, an, ap, 
ar, as, at, signify to : as, adhere^ to stick to. 

arfapt', V. 
add, V. 
addict', V. 
arfduce', v. 
arf'equate, a. 
adhere', v. 
ac^hib'it, v. 

adjudge', v. 
arfju'dicate, v. 
ad']unct, n. &. a. 
adjure', v. 
arfjust', V. 
arf'jutant, n. 
arfmin'ister, v. 

ad]a,'cent, a. & r*. arfmire', v. 

adject', V. admit', v. 

adjoin', v. admix', v. 

adjourn', v. ac/mou'ish, v. 

admove', u. 
ac^nas'cent, a. 
ad'nate, a. 
adoles'cent, a. 
adoTpt', V. 
adore', v. 
adorn', v. 
adult', a. & 71. 
afiJul'terate, v. &.a» 
ao^um'bratej v. 
ac^ust'j a. 


ffrfvene', v. orfvert", v. adWoc&te, v. & n- 

arfvent'ure, n. advertise', v. animori?vert', v. 

arf'verb, n. orfvise', v. coadju'tor, 71. 

A, for AD, signifies to : as, aspire ';, for adsipire\ to 
breathe to ; ascribe'^ for aai'scribe', to give to. 

amerce', v. aspire', v. av'enue, n. 

ascend', v. as'pirate, v. a. & n. aver', v. 

ascribe', v. astrict', v. avouch', v. 

as'pect, n. astringe', v. avow', y- 

asperse', v. avenge', v. 

Ac, for ADj signifies to : as, accede', for a<^cede', to 
yield to, to come to, to agi'ee or asse?it. 

accede', v. accliv'ity, n. ac'curate, a. 

accel'erate, v. acconi'modate, v. accurse', v. 

ac'cent, n. & v. aecom'plish, r. accuse', u. 

accept', V. accord', v. &. n. accus'tom, v. 

access', n. accred'it, v. acknowledge, v. 

oc'cident, n. cccrue', v. acquiesce', v. 

acclauia'tion, n. accu'mulate, v. acquire', v. 

Af, for AD, signifies to: as, ff/'fix', for adfnJ, to fix to, 

o/'fable, a. a/firna', v. a/'fluence, n. 

a/fect', V. o/fix', u. a/'flux, n. 

a/fi'ance, n. & u. a/'fix, n. 

a/fil'iate, v. a/fla'tus, n. a/front', v. & «. 

a/fin'ity, v. a/flict', u. a/fuse', r. 

Ag, for AD, signifies ?o ; as, «^'gravate, for «^'gra- 
vate, to make heavy to, (to make worse.) 

a^glom'erate, v. ag'gravate, v. 

a^glu'tinate, v. a/7'gTegate,a.n.&y. 

a^'grandize, v. aggress', y. c_5r'nate, a. & n. 

Ah, for AD, signifies to : as, a/leViate, for adWxisite 
to make light to, (to ease or soften.) 

allege', v. allocn'tion, n. allude', v. 

a/le'viate, v. «/Iure', v. 

fl/lisi'on, n. allow', v. o/lu'vial, a. 

a/litera'tion, n. a/loy', v. "^ly'j V' & «• 



An, for AD, signifies to : as, «wniTiilate, for adnVhi. 
late, to make to nothing, 
annex', v. announce', r. annu'merate, v. 

anni'hilate, v. annoy', v. annun'ciate, v. 

an'notate, v. annul', v. 

Ap, for AD, signifies to : as, ajopend', for adipend.^, to 
hang to ; c/?pertain', to reach to, to belong to. 

ajopre'ciate, v. 
ajoprehend', v. 
ajDprize', v. 
a/?proach', v. 
ajopro'priate, v. & a. 
approve', v. 

ajopall', V. ojjpend', v. 

appar'el, n. & V. ajopertain', v. 

ajopara'tus, n. a^'petite, n. 

ajopa'rent, a. ajoplaud', r. 

Cjopeal', u. & n. apply', v. 

appear', v. cjopor'tion, v, 

njopease', v. ajo'posite, a. 

Ar, for AD, signifies to : as, ar'rogate, for «<af'rogate, 
to ask /or, or assume to, one's self. 
arrange', v. arrive', v. orro'sion, n. 

arrest', v. & n. arreptiti'ous, a. ar'rogate, t>. 

As, for AD, signifies to : as, assim'ilate, for ac/sim'il- 
ate, to make like to. 
ascertain', v. a^severa'tion, n. assort', v. 

assail', V. a^sid'uous, a. assuage', v. 

assault', n. & v. assign', v. as'suetude, n. 

assem'ble, v. assim'ilate, v. assume', v. 

cssenc , n. & v. assist', v. assure', v. 

assert', r. assize', n. & v. aston'ish, v. 

assess', v. asso'ciate,r. a. &n. astound', r. 

At, for AD, signifies to : as, artract', foi' ao^tract', to 
draw to : attest', to hear witness to. 

attach', V. 
attain', v. 
a^tem'per, v. 
a/tempt', v. & n 
attend', v. 

a^ten'uate, v. & a. 
at'terate, v. 
attest', V. 

a/trib'ute, v. 
ai'tribute, n. 
o^triti'on, n. 
attune', v. 
a^tol'lent, a. & n. 

as, amh\\\'(m, a going 

attract', v. 
Am, signifies round or about 

about, (seeking honour or preferment.) 
amSiti'on, n. am^us'tion, n, 

ambign'ity, n. am'putate, v. circumam'^ient, a. 



Ante, signifies before: as, an/ece'dent, going 

an^ece'dent, a. an/edilu'vian, n. are/^penult', n 

an'^echamber, n. & a. ante'tior, a. 

anteces'sor, n. c;^;emerid'ian, a. a/ific'ipate, v. 

art/edate', v. . an^emun'dane, a. 

CiRCUM, signifies about or round : 
to come round about, (to 

cir'cuit, n. & v. circMTWja'cent, a. 
circumaxn^ient, a. circiimlocn'tion, n. 
circuma\nla\i[ate,v. circummured^, a. 
eir'cumcise, v. circumna\'igate, v. 
circum'feTence, n. circumsolar^ a. 
cir'cum^ex, n. ctVcMwipositi'on, n. 
circwm'fluent, a. circumxo'sion, 71. 
circumfora'neo\is,a.circumTota'tion, n. 
circumfuse', v. circumscribe', v. 
circum'gixate, v. 

as, circttmvent' 

cir'oums]pcct, a. 
cir'cumstonce, n. 
& V. 

circtfTOvalla'tion, n, 
circumvec'tionj n. 
circumvent', v. 
circumvent', v. 
circumvola'tion, n. 
circumvolve', v. 

Crs, signifies on this side : as, m alpine, on this 
side of the Alps, 
ci^'alpine, a. cj>spadane, a. 

Con, (cum), and the shapes it takes,-co, cog, col, 
com, cor, signify together or with : as, co?2Cus- 
si'on, a shaking together ; cowform', to comply 

coracat'enate, v. 
con'cave, a. 
conceal', v. 
concede', v. 
conceit', n. & v. 
conceive', v. 
concen'txate, v. 
concen'tre, v. " 
con cep'tion, n. 

concern', v. & n. 
concert', v. 
co?icil'iate, v. 
concise', a. 
CO n'clave, n. 
conclude', v. 
concoag'ulate, v. 
concoct', V, 
conoom'itant,a. & n. 

con'cord, n. 
con'course, n. 
concrete', v. & a. 
concupis'cence, n. 
concur', v. 
concussi'on, n. 
condemn', v. 
condens'ate,v. &a. 
condense', v. & a. 



condescend', v. 
condign', a. 
conditi'on, r». 
condole', v. 
conduce', v. 
conduct', V. 
confab'ulate, v. 
confec'tion, n. 
confed'erate, v. Sea. 
confer', v. 
confess', v. 
confide', v. 
config'ure, v. 
confine', v. 
confirm', v. 
confis'cate, v. & a. 
conflagra'tion, n. 
conflict', V. 
con'fl uence, n. 
conform', v. & a. 
confound', v. 
cow front', v. 
confuse', v. 
confute', V. 
congeal', v. 
congen'erous, d. 
conge'nial, a. 
congest', V. 
congla'ciate, v. 
co?iglo'bate, v. Sea. 
conglobe', v. [a. 
conglom'erate, v. & 
conglu'tinate, v. 
congrat'ulate, v. 
cong'regate, v. & a. 
con'gress, n. 
cong'ruous, a. 
conjec'ture, n.Scv. 
conjoin', v. 
con'jugate, v. 
conjunct', a. 

conjure', v. 
con'jure, v. 
connate', a. 
connat'ural, a. 
connect', v. 
connex', v. 
connive', v. 
connoisseur', n, 
con'notate, v. 
connote', v. 
connu'bial, a. 
conq'uer, v. 
consanguin'ity, n. 
con'science, n. 
con'script, n. 
con'secrate, v. & a. 
consec'utive, a. 
consem'inate, v. 
consent', n. & v. 
con'sequent, a. Sen. 
oonser'vative, a. 
consid'er, v. 
consign', v. 
consim'ilar, a. 
consist', V. 
conso'ciate, n. & v. 
oonsola'tion, n. 
console', v. 
consol'idate, v- 
con'sonant, a. & n. 
con'sort, n. 
conspic'uous, (i. 
conspire', v. 
con'stant, a. 
constella'tion, n. 
consterna'tion, n. 
con'stipate, v. 
con'stitute, v. 
constrain', v. 
constrict', v. 
constrin'gent, a. 

construct', v. 
con'strue, v. 
con sub stan'tiate, v. 
con' sal, w. 
consult', V. 
consume', v 
contab'ulate, v. 
con'tact, n. 
conta'gion, n. 
contain', v. 
contam'inate,u. &a . 
contemn', v. 
contem'perate, v. 
cowtem'plate, v. 
. contend', v. 
content', n. & a. 
conter'minous, a. 
con'text, n. 
cowtigu'ity, n. 
con'tinent, a. & n. 
contin'gent, a. 
con tin'ue, v. 
contor'tion, n. 
contract', v. 
con'trast, n. 
contrib'ute, v. 
con'trite, a. 
contrive', v. 
control', V. 
C07i'tumacy, n. 
con'tumely, n. 
contuse', v. 
convales'cent, a, 
convene', v. 
converge', r. 
co?iverse', v, 
convert', v, 
con'vert, n. 
con'vex, a. & n. 
convey', v. 



convict', V. & a. 
convince', v. 
conviv'ial, a. 
con'vocate, v. 
convoke', v 
convolve', v. 
convoy', v. 
convulse', v. 
covii'txy, n. 
discon'^5olate, a. 
discontent', n. a. 

& V. 

discontin'ue, v. 

inconcealable, a. 
inconcei'vable, a. 
inconclu'sive, a. 
inconcoct'ed, a. 
inco^for'mity, n. 
incongru'ity, n. 
incon'sequent, a, 
inconsid'erate, a. 
inconsis'tent, 3. 
inconsolable, a. 
incon'stant, a. 
inconsu'mable, a. 

incontes'table, a. 
incontig'uous, a. 
incon'tinent, a. 
inconve'nience, n. 
inconver'sable, a. 
inconver'tible, a. 
inconvin'cible, a. 
irreconcileable, a. 
mal'content, ct. & n. 
misconcep'tion, n. 
miscon'duct, n. 
miscon'strue, v. 
procon'sul, n. 

Co, for CON, signifies together or tvitk •* as, co^ 
op'erate, for co«-op'erate, to work fvith or toge-' 

co-or'dinate, a. 
copart'ner, n. 
cotan'gent, n. 
cotem'porary,a. & n, 
cov'enant, n. & v. 

coacer'vate, v. 
coac'tion, n. 
coadju'tor, n. 
coag'ulate, v. 
coalesce', v. 
coeffici'ent, n. 
coemp'tion, n. 
coe'qual, a. 
coerce', v. 
coessen'tial, a. 
coeta'neous, a. 

coe'val, a. & n. 
coexist', V. 
coextend', v. 
co'gent, a. 
cog'itate, v. 
cohab'it, v. 
coheir', n. 
cohere', v. 
cohe'sion, n. 
coincide', v. 
co-op'erate, v. 

excog'itate, v. 
incoag'ulable, a. 
incohe'rent, a. 

Cog, for con, signifies together or with: as, cog'- 
nate, for co«'nate, born together, or with another. 

cog'nate, a. 
co^niti'on, n. 

co^om'inal, a. 
co^nos'cible, a. 

inco^'nito, ad. 

CoL, for CON, signifies together or with : as, coflect', 
for cowlect', to gather together. 

collapse', V. collect', v. & n. coHocate, v. 

co/late', V. college, n. co/loquy, n. 

co/lat'eral, a. co/liquate, v. coJlu'sion, n. 



Com, for con, signifies together or with : as, com- 
mo'tion, for co??mo'tion, a moving together; 
cofwpassi'on, for cowpassi'on, suffering or feeling 
with (another.) 

com'pass, v. 8c n. 
coTTipassi'onj n. 
compat'ible, a. 
compa'triot, n. 
compeer', n. & v. 
compel', V. 
compen'diuin, n, 
compen'sate, v. 
com'petent, a. 

combine', v. 
oombus'tible, a. 
com'fort, V. Sl n. 
command', v. 
commem'orate, v. 
commence', v. 
commend', v. 
commen'surate, v. 

& a. 
com'ment, v. & n. compile', v. 
oom'merce, n. eompla'cent, a. 

commingle, v. complain', v. 
coTwmis'erate, v. complaisant', a. 
commis'sion, n.&v. com'plement, n 
commit', v. 
corn mix', v. 
commo'dious, a. 
com 'm on, a. & n. 
commo'tion, n. 
oommove', v. 
commune', v. 
oommu'nicate, v. 
commute', v. 
com'pact, n. 

compnze', v. 

com'promise,n. & v. 

compul'satory, a. 

compul'sory, a. 

compunc'tion, n. 

compute', V. 

decompose', v. 

decompound', v. 

discom'fit, v. & n. 

discom'fort, n. & t'. 

discommend', v. 

discommode', v. 

discompose', v. 

encom'pass, v. 
complete', a. & v. excommu'nicate, v. 
complexi'on, n. incombus'tible, a. 
com'plicate, v. & a. incommen'surable,a. 
C0OT'pliment,«.&t;. incommode', v. 

comply', V. 
com-po'nent, a. 
comport', V. 
compose', v. 
compota'tion, n, 
cowjpound', V. 
comprehend', v. 
compress', v. 

incom'parable, a. 
incompassi'onate, a. 
incompat'ible, a. 
incom'petent, a. 
incomplete', a. 
incompres'sible, a. 

compare', v. & n. 

Cor, for con, signifies together or with : as, cor^ 
rob'orate, for cowrob'orate, to make strong to^ 
gether ; correl'ative, for co^jrel'ative, relative 

correct', v. & a. 
correl'ative, a. 
correspond', v. 
cor'rigible, u. 

corrob'orate, v. 
corrode', v. 
cor'rugate, v. 
corrupt', «. & a. 
B 2 

incorrect', a. 
incor'rigible, a. 
incorrup'tible, a. 



Contra, signifies against: as, contradict', to say 
or speak against. 

contrddiici') v. [t). con/rapositi'on, n. contravene', v. 
con^radisting'uish, con'trary, a. & n. con'trovert, v. 
cort/rain'dicate, v. contray aMa'don, n. incc>;^tfrover'tiblej a. 

Counter, for contra, signifies against: as, coun- 
/erbal'ance, to balance against. 

coMn^erbal'ance, v. counterxaan^' , v. counterpoise', v. 

cown^erchange', v. cowntermarch', v. coMft^erpres'surCjW. 

counterc\\axm' , v. counterraine' , v. counterproyect, ii. 

counterch.&c\' , v. counterxno' tion, n. countersign' , t). 

coun^erdraw', v. coun'iernoise, n. coun'fertide, n. 

counterev'idence,n.coun'tei'i)a,ne, n. coun'tertuin, n. 

coim'terfeit} v. a. coun'ter-part, n. counterva-iV, ^). 

& n. cou7i'ter])lea, n. coun'teryiew, n. 

coun'tergMBxdi, n. court,' terT^lot, n. countervfOTk', v. 

DEj signifies down or Jrorn : as, deject', to cast 
down ; r/epart', to part or go from, 

conrfescend', v. decrease', v. & n. deB.our', v. 
decree', v. & n. deform', v. 

decant , v. 
decap'itate, v. 
decay', v. Sc n. 
decease', n. &. v. 
deceit', n. 
deceive', v. 
decide', v. 
rfeci'pher, v. 
declaim', v. 
declare', v. 
rf<?clirie', V. 
rfecoct', V. 
decompose', lu 
rftfcompound', v. 

rfecrep'it, a. 
decry', v. 
cfecur'sion, 7i. 
tfedec'orate, v. 
flfed'icate, v. 
deduce', v. 
c?educt', V. 
deface', v. 
defame', v. 
defeat', v. 
defecate, v. 
defect', n. 
defend', v. 
defer', v. 
deficient, a. 
define', V. 
deflect', V, 

defraud', v. 
defunct', a. & n. 

degen'erate, v. 
degrade', v. • 
deject', V. 
del'egate, v.n.Scch 
delete', v. 
delib'erate, v. 
delight', n. & v. 
delin'eate, v. 
delinq'uent, n. 
delir'ibus, a. 
delu'sive, a. 
demand', v. 
demer'it, n. 
demit', V, 

Latin prefixes. 


rf^moPish, V. 
demon'stTSite, v. 
demui', V. & n. 
cfenom'inate^ v. 
denote', v. 
denounce', v. 
denude^ v. 
de'pavt', V. 
rfepend', v. 
dejtict^, t). 
rfeplore', V. 
rf^plume', t). 
depone', v. 
rfepop'ulate, v. 
deport', V. 
depose', v. 
rfepos'ite, V. 
deprave', v. 
dep'recate, v. 
t/epre'ciate, v. 
depres^s', v. 
deprive', v. 
depute', V. 

deride', v. 
derive', v. 
de/ogate, v. 

rfescant', V. 
descend', v. 
describe', v. 
des'ecrate, v. 
desert', v. 
deserve', i). 
desic'cate, v. 
d^sidera'tum, n. 
design', n. 
desire', n. 
desist', V. 
c?es'olate, a. & v. 
rfespair', n. & v. 
rfes'perate^ a. 
rf^s'picable, a. 
cfespise', V. 
rfespoil', V. 
Respond', V. 
rfestina'tioHj n. 
des'tine, v. 
t/es'titute, a. 
destroy', v. 
c^es'ultory, a. 
detain', v. 
detect', V. 
deter', v. 

</eter'minate, a. 
deter'mine, v. 
detest', V. 
dethrone', t>. 
detort', V. 
a'etract', v. 
detrude', Vk 
cZ(?vasta'tion, ft. 
devel'op, v. 
devest', v. 
de'viate, v. 
devise', v. 
devoid', a. 
devolve', v. 
devote', v. 
devour', v. 
inrfecisi'on, n. 
inrfecli'nable, a. 
irj(/efat'igable, a. 
inrfefen'sible, a. 
indefinite, a. 
inrfelib'eiate, a. 
inof^rible, a. 
inrfepen''dent,a.«& n. 
inrfestruc'tible, a. 
inrfeter'minate, a. 

Dis, slgnides take Jrom, away, off, or out ; not, 
implying privation, negation, or undoing: as, 
dissirm.', to take arms from ; disor'der, to take 
away order ; discov'er, to take off the cover ; 
dif inter', to take out of the earth or grave. 

disalole, v. disaffect', v. disallovf', v. 

disabuse', v. disaffec'ted, a. £/e,san'imate, v. 

dii!advanta'geous,a.disagree\ v. * c?uan'nul, v. 

* The prefixes in these words,— dtfarr'nul, dig%e\'ei, dirtain', ufdoost ', 
alter not the meaning of their primitives, — annul', sever, ftnin', loose'. 



rfiiappear', v. 
c?isappoint', v. 
disapprove', v. 
disarm', v, 

disas'ier, n. & v. 
disau'ihonse, v. 
dwavow', V. 

disclaim', v. 
disclose', v. 
discom'fitjU. a. & ». 
discom'fort, v. 
discommo'dious, a. 
discompose', v. 
disconcert', v. 
discon'solate, a. 
dis content', n. a. 8cv. 
discontin'ue, v. 
discol'our, v. 

discoun'tenance, v. 

& n. 
discour'age, y. 
discour'teous, a. 
discov'er, v. 
discred'it, «. & u 

disdain', v. & n. disloy'al, a. 
dwease', w. & u. disman'tle, v. 

di^embod'ied, a. 
di^embow'elled, a. 

disengaged', a. 
disena'ble, v. 

disentangle, v. 
disenterre', or 
disin'ter, v. 
disenthrone', v. 
disesteem', n. & v. 
disfig'ure, u. 
disfran'chise, v. 
disgorge', v. 
disgrace', ru 8c v. 
disguise', v. & n. 
disgust', n. & u. 
dishab'it, tJ. 
dishearten', v. 
dishon'est, a. 
dishon'our, n. & v. 
disincar'cerate, v. 
disincline', v. 
disingen'uous, a. 
disinher'it, v. 
disin'terested, a. 
disin'tric^te, v. 
disjoin', v. 
disjoint', v. 

dumem'ber, v. 
dismiss', v. 
dismount', v. 
disobe'dient, a. 
disobli'ging, a. 
disor'der, n. & v. 
disor'derly, a. 

dispar'age, v. 
dispassi'on, n. 
dispeo'ple, v. 

ditpir'it, v. 
displace', v. 
displant', v. 
display', u. & n. 
displeas'ure, n. 
dispossess', r. 
dispraise', n. & ». 
dispropor'tion, ». 

& u. 
disprove', r. 
disqual'ify, v- 
disqui'et, n. & v. 
disregard', n. & v. 
disrel'ish, n. & r. 
disrespect', n. 

dissat'isfy, v. 
dissem'ble, v. 
distaste'ful, a. 
distem'per, ti. & «. 
distrust', V. & n. 
disuse', w. & v. 
divest', V. 
indispen'sable, a. 



Dis, signifies asunder: as, dispeV, to drive asuri' 
der (by scattering) ; dissolve' j to loose asunder. 

discern', v. dispose', v. 

discom-pose', v. dispute', u. & n. 
dis'coTd, n. dissect', v. 

discourse', n. & v. rfi^sem'inate, v. 
discreet', a. dissent', v. & n. 

dis'crepancy, n. • dissev'ex, v. 
discxeti'on, n. dissvcn'ilax, a. 

distendi', v, 
distort', V. 
distract', v. 
distrih'ute, v. 
disturb', v. 
disunite', v. 
inf/iscer'nible, a. 
indiscreet', a. 
incfiscrim'inate, a. 
indispose', v. 
indis'putahle, a, 
int/w'soluble, a. 

cfiscrim'inate, v. dis'sipate, v. 

discur'sive, a. disso'ciate, v. 

discuss', V. dissolve', v. 

disjunc'tive, a. dis'sonant, a. 

dislocate, v. dissuade', v. 
dispel', V. 

Di, for DIS, signifies asimder : as, disperse', to 
scatter asunder. 

rfishev'elled, p. divorce', n. & v. 

disperse', v. divulge', v. 
dis'tance, ti. & v. divul'sion, n. 

distil', V. di'gest, n. 

distinct', a. digest', v. 

disting'uish, v. digress', v. 

distrain', v. dilac'erate, v. 

diverge', v. dilap'idation, 71. 

divert', v. dilate', v. 

divide', v. dil'atory, a. 

dJvis'ible, a. dil'igent, a. 

DiF, for DIS, signifies asunder : as, differ, to bear 
asunder^ (to vary.) 

differ, V. di/'fluent, a. indifferent, a. 

di/fla'tion, n. diffuse', v. & a. 

Ex (s^), signifies out, out of: as, e^jclude', to 
shut out ; contend', to stretch out. 

coe<rist', v. ea;ac'erbate, v. exagg'erate, v. 

coea^tend', v. ej?act', a. & v. ex2\t', v, 

• See Note, p. 19. 

dilute', V. 
dimen'sion, n. 
dimin'ish, v. 
dimin'utive, a. &». 
direct', a. & v. 
equidis'tant, a. 
indiges'tible, a. 
indirect', a. 
indistinct', a. 
individ'ual, n. 8c a. 
indivis'ible, a. 



CJras'perate, v. 
eo^candes'cence, n. 
ecccax'nate, v. 
ea^ca'vate, v. 
e<rceed', v. 
ea;ceV, v. 
exce-pt', V. & pr. 
^jTcerpt', n. 
e,rcess', n. 

excise', n. & v. 
excite', v. 
ea?claim', V. 
5,rclude'j v. 
crcommu'nicate, v 
co^co'riate, v. 
£rj?'crement, n. 
crcres'cent, a. 
ej:'cre'tion, w. 
e^cru'ciate, v. 
excvLVpate, v. 
co^cur'sion, n. 
excuse', V. & w. 
^■r'ecrate, v. 
^.r'ecute, V. 
^.rege'sis, w. 
^cTempt', V. & a. 
ej^en'terate, u. 
ex'ercise, n. & v. 
ea?ert', v. 
eo^foliate, V. 
ej?hale', u. 
^a?haust'j u. 
ej:'hib'it, u. 
ea?hiFarate, v. 
ca?hort', V. 

e-r'igence, n. 
ea:'ist', V. 

jPyodixs, n. 
e^on'erate, v. 
cj^'orable, a. 
eo^orTjitant, a. 
e,r'orcise, v. 
e,ror'dium, v. 
ea?pand', v. 
ea?pa'tiate, v. 
ea^pect', V. 
ea^pec'torate, r. 
ej?'pedite, v. & a. 
expeV, V. 
cjrpend', v. 
cjrpe'rience, ». & v. 
^.rpert', a. 
ea/piaie, v. 
expire.', v. 
earplairx', v. 
expletive J n. 
ej?'plicate, v. 
e<rplic'it, a. 
ej?plode', V. 
^.rplore', v. 
^.rport'j «. 
ea'pose', «. 
ej^pos'tulate, u. 
^jrpound'', v. 
^jrpress', u. a. & ». 
expwgn'y V. 
^■rpulse', V. 
e-rpunge', v. 
^.rpur'gatory, a. 
ea-'quisite, a. 

ea-'script, n. 
ej?suc'tion, n. 
ea^suscitate', v. 
e-z-'tant, a. 
e<rtem'poraryj a. 
^.rtem'porize, v» 
extend', v. 
exieWxxatej v. 
ej:'ter'minate, v. 
extex'mme, v. 
e<rstim'ulatej v. 
ejTtinct', a. 
^.rtin'guish, v. 
^j?tir'pate, v. 
e<rtol', V. 
extort', V. 
ej?tract', V. 
^j?trude', V. 
ea^u'berant, o. 
fa?ude', V. 
exxiVcerate, v. 

^.ru'viee, n. 
ingj?cu'sable, a. 
ine^rhalable, a- 
ine,rhau'stible, a. 
ine<ris'tent, a. 
inej?'orable, a. 
inej?pe'dient, a. 
inej?pe'rienced, a. 
ine.z'pert', a. 
in^d?'piablej a. 
in^j/'plicable, a. 
inea?pres'sible, a. 
mga?pug'nable, a. 



E, contracted for ex, signifies out, out of: as, 
emit', to send out ; educe', to bring out. 

el'oquent, a. 
couuterev'idence, n.du'cidate, v. 

elude', V. 
ema'ciate, v. 
em'anate, v. 
eman'cipate, v. 
emas'culate, v. 
emend', v. 
emenda'tion, n. 
emerge', v. 
em'igrate, v. 
em'inent, a. 
emit', V. 
emoll'ient, a, 
emol'ument, n. 
emo'tion, n. 
emul'gent, a. 
enerve', or 
ener'vate, v. 
enor'mous, a. 
enu'merate, v. 
enun'ciate, v. 

Eg (gx), for EX, signifies out, out of : as, ecs'tasy, 
a standing out of (one's mind for joy, or an 
excess of joy.) 

eccen'tric, a. eclip'tic, n. & a, ecs'tasy, n. 

eclec'tic, a. eclogue, n. 

Ef, for EX, signifies out, out of: as, ine/^'fable, 
that cannot be spoken out. 

coe/fici'ent, a. e/fici'ent, a, e/fuse', v. 

e/'fable, a. e/flores'cence, n. e/lip'sis, n. 

e/face', v. e/flu'via, n. 

e/fect', n. & v. e/'flux, n. 

e/fem'inate, a. & v. effort, n. 

e/fervesce', v. e/frou'terv, n. 

«/'ficacy, n. e/ful'gence, n. 

ebuUiti'on, n. 
eden'tated, a. 
e'dict, n. 
editi'on, n. 
ed'ucate, v, 
educe', v. 
e'gress, n. 
egre'gious, a. 
ejac'ulate, v. 
eject', V. 
elab 'orate, v. 
elapse', v. 
elate', a. «Sc v. 
elect', V. a. & n. 
el'evate, v. & a. 
elic'it, V. & a. 
elisi'on, n. 
el'igible, a. 
el'ogy, n. 
elong'ate, v. 

erad'icate, v. 
erase', v. 
erubes'cent, a. 
eruditi'on, v. 
erup'tion, n. 
evac'uafe, v. 
evade', v. 
evanes'cent, a, 
evap'orate, v. 
event', n. 
ev'idence, n. & v. 
evince', v. 
evis'cerate, v. 
ev'itable, a. 
evoca'tion, n. 
evola'tion, n. 
evolve', V. 
inel'oquent, a. 
inev'ident, a. 
inev'itable, a. 
superei'ogate, v. 

ine/'fable, a. 
ine/fec'tual, a. 
ine/fica'cious, a. 
ine/fici'ent, a. 



Extra, signifies beyond : as, ex/raor'dinary, be- 
yond ordinary. 

ea^/rajudici'al, a. extraox'Ain&ry, a. extrareg'vX&r, a. 
extravai%$.i'on, n. ^a:'/raparo'chial, a. extrav'ag&rit, a. 
extramun'dane, a. ea:/raprovin'cial, a. extrayer'sion, n. 

In, and the forms it assumes,-!!, im, ir, before a 
verb, signify in or into, on or upon : as, iwject', 
to throw in or into ; inoc'ulate, to make an eye 
on or upon. 

tnau'gurate, a. 

induce', v. 
t72duct', V. 
tn'durate, r. 
t/ie'briate, v. 
tnfat'uate, v. 
infect', V. 
i7ifer\ V. 

incales'cence, n. 
incanta'tion, n. 
i7icar'cerate, v. 
tncar'nate, v. & a. infix', v. 
incase^ v. inflame', v 

incentive, n. & a. innate', v. 
in'cident, a. & n. inflect', v. 
incisi'on, n. 

tncite , t). 
i^icline', r. 
include', v. 
incor'poTate, v. 
incras'sate, c 
increase', r. 
incrusta'tion, n. 
tn'cubate, v. 
incul'cate, v. 

inflict', V. 
in'fluence, n. «Sc v. 
in'flux, n. 
infoliate, v. 
inform', v. 
infrig'idate, v. 
infringe', v. 
infu'riate, a. 
infuse', v. 
ingeminate, v. 

tncum'bent, a. & n. inge'nious, a. 

tncur, V. 
incur'vate, v. 
indent', v. 
in'dex, n. 
in'dicate, v. 
indict', V. 
indispose', v. 

mgen'uous, a. 
ingraft', v. 
ingra'tiate, ik 
ingre'dient, n. 
in'gress, n. 

ingur'gitate, v. 

inhab'it, v. 
inhale', v. 
inhere', v. 
inher'it, v. 
inhib'it, v. 
in'humate, or 
inhume', v. 
inject', V. 
injoin', v. 
ijiit'iate, v. 
injunc'tioii, n. 
inlap'idate, v. 
innate', a. 
in'novate, v. 
innuen'do, n. 
inoc'ulate, v. 
in'quest, n. 
inquire', v. 
inquis'itive, a. 
inscribe', v. 
in'sect, n. 
insert', v. 

in sid'ious, a. 

insin'ew, v. 
insin'uate, v. 
insist', V. 



inter', v. 
tnsola'tion, n. 

inspect', v. inthrone', v. 

insphere', v. intim'idate, v. 

inspire', v. intomb', v. 

inspir'it, v. intox'icate, v. 
instal', V. 

in'stance, n. & v. intrude', v. 

instil', V. intrust', v. 

i?i'stitute, V. & n. intuiti'on, n. 
instruct', v. 

insult', V, 
insurrec'tion, n. 
intend', v. 
intense', a. 
inten'tion, n. 

invade', v. 

inveigh', v. 
invent', v. 
inverse', a. 
invert', v. 

invest', v. 
inves'tigate, v. 
invet'erate, a. 
invid'ious, a. 
invig'orate, v. 
invite', v. 
inunda'tion, n. 
invoca'tion, n. 
invoke', v. 
involve', v. 

misinfer', v. 
misinform', v. 

Il, for IN, signifies in or on: as, ?71u'minate, to 

make or put light in, (to enlighten.) 

i/lude', V. i/lu'minate, v. 

i/lume', V. i/-lus'trate, v. 
i/lu'mine, v. 

Im, for IN, signifies in or i7ito, on or upon: as, 

import', to carry in or into; impose, to place 
on or upon. 

impede', v. impose', v. 

impel', V. im'post, n. 

impend', v. impound', v. 

imper'ative, a. im 'precate, v. 

impet'uous, a. impreg'nate, v 

im'petus, n. impress', v. 

impinge', v. imprint', v. 

implant', v. impris'on, v. 

im'plement, n. improve', v. 

im'plicate, v. impugn', v. 

implic'it, a. im'pulse, n. 

implore', v. impur'ple, v. 

imply', V, impiit'able, a. 

import', V. impute', v. 

i/lapse', n. 
i/la'queate, v» 
i/la'tive, a. 

tfnman'acle, v. 

immerge', or 
immerse', v. 
i?n'minent, a. 
immingle, v. 
im'molate, v. 
immure', v. 
impact', V. 
impar'adise, v. 
impart', v. 
impassi'oned, a. 



Ir, for IN, signifies hi or on : as, irra'diate, to 
make rays om or 2ipo7i, (to illu'minate.) 

irra'diate, v. trrig'uous, a. ir'ritate, v. 

trreptiti'ous, a. trrisi'on, n. irrup'tion, n. 

tr'rigate, v. 

In, and the forms it assumes,-ig, il, im, ir, before 
an adjective, signify 7iot, implying negation, 
privation, or want : as, tVfinite, not finite, (or 
without bounds.) 

inability, n. 
fnacces'sible, a. 
tnac'curate, a. 
tnac'tive, a. 
tnad'equate, a. 
inadver'tent, a. 
inal'ienable, a. 
inan'imate, a. 
inap'petency, n. 
i?iap'plicable, a. 
tnap'titude, n. 
inar'able, a. 
tnartic'ulate, a. 
tnartifici'al, a. 
twatten'tion, n. 
tnau'dible, a. 
tnauspici'ous, a. 
incal'culable, a. 
ancap'able, a. 
i«capac'itate, v. 
tncau'tious, a. 
tnces'sant, a. 
tnces'tuous, a. 
incivil'lty, n. 
tnclenT'ent, a. 
tncoag'ulable, a. 
tncog'nito, ad. 
incohe'rent, a. 

i/2Commensii'rable,a.incred'ulous, a. 

irtcommo'dious, a. i?icul'pable, a. 

inconiinu'nicableja.Jnde'cent, a. 

t?iconi'parab]e, a. i?idecisi'on, n. 

incompat'ible, a. indecli'nable, a. 

tncom'petent, a. indeco'rous, a. 

incomplete', a. indefat'igable, a. 
incomprehen''sible5a. indefinite, a. 

incompres'sible, a. iwdelib'erate, a. 

tnconcei'vable, a. indel'ible, a. 

inconj:lu'sive, a. indel'icate, a. 

tncongru'ity, n. i?idem'nify, v. 

iwconsid'erable, a. indepen'dent,a.&n. 

i«consid'erate, a. indestruc'tible, a. 

t«consis'tent, a. 
inconso'lable, a. 
iracon'stant, a, 
incontes'table, a. 
i^contig'uous, a. 
incor/tinent, a. 

iwcontrover'tible, a. irtdiscreet', a. 
inconve'nient, a. indiscriminate, a. 

inconver'tible, a. 
i?icor'poral, a. 
i/icorpo'real, a. 
incor'rect, a. 
i?icor'rigible, a. 
tncorrup'tible, a. 

tncombus'tible, a, tncred'ible, a. 

indeter'minate, a. 
i?2dif'ferent, a. 
rtdiges'tible, a. 
irtdig'nant, a. 
indirect', a. 
indiscernible, a. 

?ndispen'sable, a. 
iredis'putable, a. 
indissol'vable, a. 

ndis'soluble, a. 

?idistinct', a. 
«;2divid'ual, n. & a. 
in divisible, a. 



tndoc'ile, a. 
m'dolent, a. 
tnduTjitable, a. 
tredul'gent, a. 
iwefTable, a. 
tnefFec'tive, a. 
ineffec'tual, a. 
tneffica'cious, a. 
iraefRci''ent, a. 
inel'egant, a. 
t«ept', a. 
i^iequal'ity, n. 
i«.ert', a. 
irtes'timable, a. 
mev'itable, a. 
i/iexcu'sable, a. 
ireexha'lable, a. 
inexhaus'tible, a. 
inex'orable, a. 
inexpe'dient, a. 
twexpe'rience, n. 
znex^piable, a. 
inex'plicable, a. 
inexpres'sible, a. 

infer^tile, a. 
in'lidel, n. 
tn'finite, a. 
infirm', a. 

nflex'ible, a. 
t?ifor'midable, a. 
infran'gible, a. 
infre'quent, a. 

nglo'riousj a. 
ingrate'ful, a. 
i;iharino'nious, a. insoFuble, a. 
inhos'pitable, a. insolvent, a. 

i/iexpug'nable, a. inofFen'sive, a. 
iwexting'uishableja.inopportune', a, 
inex'tricable, a. inor'dinate, a. 

t« fallible, a. 
tn'famous, a. 
in'fant, n. 
infecun'dity, n. 
infelic'ity, 71. 

insecure , a. 
tresen'sible, a. 
tnsen'tient, a. 
insep'arable, a. 
insignificant, a. 
insincere', a. 
insip'id, a. 
insobri'ety, n. 
inso'ciable, a. 
tn'solent, a. 

inhu'man, a. 
inim'ical, a. 
inimitable, a. 
iniq'nitous, a. 
ftjudici'al, a. 
injudici'ous, a. 
injus'tice, n. 
innavigable, a. 
in'nocent, a. 
innoxious, a, 
innu'merable, a. 
ino'dorous, a. 

inqui'etude, n. 
insane', a. 
nsa'tiable, a. 
insat'urable, a. 
i?iscru'table, a. 

insufferable, a. 
insuffici'ent, a. 
insu'perable, a. 
i^isuppor'table, a. 
intem'perate, a. 
interlninable, a. 
intes'tate, a. 
intolerable, a. 
intol'erant, a. 
intraclable, a. 
intrep'id, a. 
invalid, a. 
i7ivalldate, v. 
inval'uable, a, 
inva'riable, a. 
invin'cible, a. 
invi'olable, a. 
invisible, a. 
invol'untary, a. 

Ig, for IN, signifies not: as, igno'ble, not noble, 
i^no'ble, a. ignominious, a. i^'norant, a. 

Il, for IN, signifies not: as, z71e'gal, not legal. 

i/lab'orate, a. illegitimate, a. i/lim'itable, a. 

i/lau'dable, a. i/levlable, a. i/lim'ited, a. 

i/le'gal, a. i/lib'eral, a. t/lit'erate, a> 

i/leg'ible, a, i/lic'it, a, ifloglcal, a. 



Im, for IN, signifies not, implying negation, pri- 
vation, or Tvant : as, immor'ta], not mortal, (or 
not liable to death.) 

tmmac'ulate, a. immu'sical, a. 
i/nmu'table, a. 
impal'pable, a. 
i/npar'tial, a. 
i?/ipar'tiblej a. 
impas'sable, a. 
impas'sive, a. 
iHjpa'tient, a. 
impec'cable, a. 
fmpen'etrable, a. 
impen'itent, a. 
iwpercep'tible, a. 
imper'fect, a. 
imper'forable, a. 
iwper'ishable, a. 
imper'sonal, a. 
impersua'sible, a. 
♦'mper'dnentj a. 
imper'vious, a. 

Ill, for IN, signifies not: as, irrati'onal, no/ ra- 

iVreligi'orij n. 

trre'meable, a. 

irreme'diable, a. 

irremis'sible, a. 

tVremove'able, a. 

trrep'arable, a. 

irreprehen'sible, a. irrever'sible, a. 

trreproach'able, a. irrev'ocable, a. 

tVreprove'able, a. 

Inter, signifies between or among : as, inieripose^ 
to place between ; intermhi', to mix among or 

tn^e/lec'tual, a. intercede', v. interchain', v. 

intelligent, a. intercept', v. interchange', v. 

im'manent, a. 
tminate'rial, a. 
immature', a. 
tmmeabil'ity, n. 
immeas'urable, a. 
iwime'diate, a. 
immed'icable, a. 
tmmeino'rial, a. 
immense', a. 
immethod'ical, a. 
immix'able, a. 
iwmobil'ity, n. 
immod'erate, a. 
immod'est, a. 
immor'al, a. 
immor'tal, a. 
immove'able, a. 
immu'nity, n. 

irrati'onal, a. 
irreclai'mable, a. 
irrecov'erable, a. 
irredu'cible, a. 
irrefragable, a. 
irrefu'table, a. 
trreg'ular, a. 
irrel'ative, a. 
irrel'evant, a. 

tmpierce'able, a. 
impi'ety, n. 
impla'cable, a. 
implau'sible, a. 
impolite', a. 
impol'itic, a. 
impon'derous, a. 
impo'rous, a. 
impos'sible, a. 
im'potent, a. 
imprac'ticable, a. 
impreg'nable, a. 
improb'able, a. 
improp'er, a. 
improv'ident, a. 
impru'dent, a. 
im'pudentj a. 
impu'nity, n. 
impure', a. 

irresis'tible, a. 
irres'oluble, o. 
irres'olute, a. 
irrespec'tive, a. 
irretrie'vable, a. 
irrev'erent, a. 



intercisi'on, n. 
interclude', v. 
intercos'tal, a. 
iii'tercouTse, n. 
intercur'rent, a. 
interAxct'j u. 
in'teresi, v. & n. 
interfere', v. 
inter'fiuent, a. 
interfused', a. 
interja'cent, a. 
interjec'tion, n. 
interjoin', v. 
interlace', v. 
interla]pse', v. 
interlard', v. 
interleave', v. 
interline', v. 

interlivik', v. 
interloc'utory, a. 
interlo-pe', v. 
inlerlu'cent, a. 
in'terlude, n. 
interlxx'nar, a. 
intermar'xy, v. 
intenxied'dle, v. 
interme' diate, a. 
intermingle, v. 
intermit', v. 
intermin.', v. 
intermu'xal, a. 
interrtiVi'iual, a. 
inter'^iolate, v. 
inter-gose', v. 
interreg'num, n. 
inter'iogate, v. 

interTxxpt', v. 
in^erscap'ular, a. 
interscind', v. 
inierscrihe', v, 
intersect', v. 
intersert', v. 
inter STperse', w. 
interstellar, a. 
in'terstice, n. 
interteyi't^xxe, n. 
intertwine' , v. 
intertwist', v. 
in'terval, n. 
intervene', v. 
iii'terview, 71. 
intervolve', v. 
interyreave'y v. 

Intro, signifies within : as, introduce', to lead 
or bring within. 

introduce', v. 

intromit', v. 
introspect', v. 

introveTt', v. 

Jl'Xta, signifies ?iear to: as, JujciapositVoTi, the 
being placed near to (any thing.) 

yM,r^apositi''on, n. 

Ob, and the shapes it takes,-oc, of, op, signify in 
the may, against, out : as, o&ject', to cast iii the 
rvai/, or against ; o6'5olete, grown out (of use.) 

ob'solete, a. 
06'stacle, n. 
06'stinate, a. 
oistrep'erous, a. 
obstruct', V. 
oistupefac'tion, n. 
obtain', V. 

06'durate, 0. 

ofilit'erale, v. 

obey', V. 

oblong, a. 

oJe'dient, a. 

obloquy, n. 

object', V. 

oinox'ious, a. 

ob'ject, n. 

oinulailate, v. 

oftla'tion, n. 

o5se'quious, a. 

oblige', V. 

observe', v. 

c 2 



oJtend', r. 
obtest', V. 
ofitrude', v. 

oJtund', u. 
obtuse', a. 
obvert', v. 

oi'viate, v. 
06'vious, a. 
oium'bratej v. 

OCj for OB, signifies in the way, up, down : as 
occa'sion, a falling in the way or down ; oc'cupy 
to take up or in the way. 

occa'sion, n. occult', a. oc'cupy, v. 

oc'cident, n. occupa'tion, n. occur', v. 

occip'ital, a. 

Of, for OB, signifies in the rvay, against : as, 
qf'ier, to bring in the rvay ; o/"fend', to strike 

o/fence', n. 
o/fend', V. 
o/'fer, V. &in. 

o/tire', «. 
officiate, y. 

omissi'on, n. 
omit', V. 

Op, for oB, signifies in the way, against : as, 
oppose', to place in the way, or against. 

oppo'nent, a. & n. ojo'posite, cr. o/jpro'brious, a. 

oj&portune', a. oppress', v. oppugn', v. 

ojapose', V. 

Per, signifies through or thoroughly : as, pervade', 
to go through ; peren'n'ial, (lasting) through the 
year ; pe/fect, thoroughly done. 

imjo^rcep'tible, a. jocrcu'tient, a. 

imper'fect, a. /jgrditi'on, n. 

imjDffr'forable, a. per'egrinate, v. 

imjoer'tinent, a. per'em-ptoTy, a. 

imper'vious, a. peren'nial, a. 

pehu'cid, a. per'fect, a. Scv 

jD^ram'bulate, v. per'Giiy, n. 

perceive.', v. perflate', v. 

joe?rcep'tion, n. per'forate, v. 

/)ercussi'on, n. perform', v. 

per'fume, n. Sc v. 
perfuse', v. 
per'ish, v. 
per'yxre, v. 
per'manent, a. 
per'meahle, a. 
jjermissi'on, n. 
permit', v. 
pcrnici'ous, a. 
perora'tion, n. 



joerpendic'ular, a. 
per'petrate, v. 
joerpet'uate, v. 
perplex', v. 
per'quishe, n. 
per'secute, v. 
persevere', v. 
persist', v. 
per&yec'dve, n. & a. 

perspica cious, a. 
jDe?'spic'uous, a. 
jD(?r spire', v. 
joej'suade', v. 
peri&m', v. 
joertina'cious, a. 
per'iinexii, a. 
jD^rtur'bation, n. 
pervade', v. 

perveTAe, a. 
pervert', v. 
pervicac'ity, 7i. 
per'vious, a. 
peruse', V. 
pollute', V. 
preterimjoer'fect, a. 
•pieterper'fect, a. 
preterpluper'fect, a. 

PosT^ signifies after: as, post'scri]}t, a thing 
written after. 

postdiWviz.n,n.Si.a.postexis'tence, n. postpone', v. 
posie'iior, a. posfhumous, a. posi'script, n. 

posier'ity, n. pas tmend'ian, a. 

Pre (pRiE), signifies before: as, predict', to say 
or tell before; prefix', to fix before ; precar 'sor 
one who runs before. 

preach', V. 
jDrecau'tion, n. 
precede', v. 
pre'cept, n. 
prec'ipice, n. 
precip'itaie, v. 
precise', a. 
preclade', v. 
jorecogniti'on, n. 
preconceive', v. 
precux'sor, n. 
jDredecease', v. 
predeces'sor, n. 
joredes'tinate, v. 
predes'tine, v. 
jDredeter'mine, v. 
pred'icate, v. & n. 
predict', v. 
jtjredilec'tion, n. 
predispose', v. 

joredom'inate, v. 

pre-elect', v. 

jore-em'inence, n. 

pre-engage' , v. 

jare-establish, v. 

pre-exist', v. 

preface, n. &l v. 

prefer', v. 

jorefig'ure, v. 

jarefix', v. 

jarejudge', v. 

joreju'dicate, u.& a 

prej'udice, n. & v. 

prel'ate, n. 

jorelec'tion, n. 

/)reliin'inary,a.& w.joresent', v 

jorel'ude, n. preserve', v. 

premise', v. 
preoc'cupy, v. 
joreordaiu', v. 
prepare', v. 
prepon'der, v. 
jorepon'derate, v. 
prepose', v. 
/jrepossess', v. 
/irepos'terous, a. 
jorereq'uisite, a. 
prerog'ative, a. 
presage', v. 
pre'scieuce, n. 
^Jrescribe', v. 
jores'ence, w. 

prelude', v. 
prematxire', a. 
premed'itate, v. 

preside', v. 

presume', v. 




pretend', v. 
p7-e'te\t, 71. 
pre'toT, n. 

prevaW, v. 
prev'aXent, a. 
jorevar'icate, v. 

prevtrxi', v. 
jore'vious, a. 
represent', v. 

Preter (pRiETER), Signifies beyond ov past: as, 
pretemsLXfyxYsX, beyond the course of nature ; 
pre'terite, past. 

preter'vca^ex'ieci,a. pretermit' , v- prelerper'fect, a. 

pre'terite, a. preterna.t'uTal, a. pre ter^pluTper' feet, a. 

preterla^seA', a. 

Pro (tt^o), signifies Jbr-, forward, forth, or out ; 
as, prox'y,* an agent j'xjr another, (or one who 
acts ybr another)/ ^jroceed', to go forward ; 
provoke', to call forth ; |)roclaim', to cry out. 

com'promisej n. j9?*od'uct, n. 

& V. profane', a. & u. 

counterproj'ect,>w. profess', v. 

imjorov'ident, a. proffer, v. & n. 

ixnpru'dent, a. jorofid'ency, n. 

jurisprw'deuce, n. profit, n. & v 
prob'lem, n 

proceed', v. 
proc'ess, n. 
proclaim', v. 
procliv'ity, n. 
procon'sul, n. 
procras'tinate, v. 
pro'create, v. 
proc'tor, n. 
procura'tor, n. 
procure', v. 
prod'igal, a. & n. 
prodigi'ous, a. 
produce', v. 
prod'uce, n. 

prolong', V. 

p?'om'inent, a. 

promis'cuous, a. 

prom'ise, n. & v. 

prom'ontory, n, 

promote', v. 
profligate, a. & n. prompt', a. 
profluent, a. promul'gate, v. 

profound', a. & n. promulge', v. 
profund'ity, it, pronom'inal, a. 

profuse', a. 
progen'itor, n. 
prog'eny, n. 
prognos'ticate, v. 
prog'ress, n. 
prohibit, V. 
proved', V. 
prolegom'ena, 7i. 
prolix', a. 
prolocu'tor, n. 

pj'ol'ogue, 72. 

pro'noun, n. 
pronounce', v. 
prop'agate, v. 
propel', V. 
propen'sity, /*. 
proph'ecy, n. 
proph'esy, v. 
proph'et, n. 
projxt'nent, a. 
propor'tion, ti. 
propose', V. 

* See under Cura. 



propound', v. 
prorogue', v. 
proscribe', v. 
pros'ecute, v. 
pros'pect, n. 
prds'titute,u.a.& n 
pros'trate, a. & u. 
protect', V. 

protend', v. 
proiest'fV. & n. 
protract', v. 
protrude', v. 
protru'berate, v. 
prov'erb, n. 
provide', v. 
provin'cial, a. 

pr&visVon, n. 
provoca lien, n. 
provoke', v. 
prox'y, «. 
pru'dence, n. 
pwr'port, 11. & V. 
pwr'pose, 7i. & u. 

Re, signifies back or again, anew : as, recall', to 
call back ; rean'imate, to give life again ; re- 
morse', a biting back; redeem', to buy back, 
(by paying a price) ; recommence', to begin 

correlative, a. 
correspond', u. 
disrepute', n. 
disrespect', n. 
irreclai'mable, a. 
irreconcilable, a. 
irrecov'erable, a. 
irrefragable, a. 
irrelevant, a. 
irreligi'on, n. 
irre'meable, a. 
Irreme'diable, a. 
irrep'arable, a. 
irreprehen'sible, a. 
irreprove'able, a. 
irresis'tible, a. 
irres'olute, a. 
irrespec'tive, a. 
irretrie'veable, a. 
irrev'erence, n. 
irrever'sible, a. 
irrev'ocable, a. 
reac'tion, n. 
readmit', v. 
rean'imate, v. 

reascend', v. 
reassem'ble, v. 
reassert', v. 
reassume', v. 
reassure', v. 
rebaptize', v, 
rebel', v. 
rebellow, v. 
rebound', v. 
rebuff', V. & 7i. 
rebuild', v. 
rebuke', v. 
rebut', V. 
recall', v. 
recant', v. 
recapit'ulate, v. 
recede', v. 
receive', v. 
recep'tion, n. 
recess', n. 
recip'ient, n. 
recip'rocal, a. 
recite', v. 
reclaim', v. 
recline', v. 

rec'ognize, v. 
recoil', v, 
recollect', v. 
recommence', v. 
recommend', v. 
recommit', v, 
rec'ompensc, v. 
recompose', v. 
rec'oncile, v. 
rec'ondite, a. 
reconduct', v. 
reconjoin', v. 
j-econq'uer, v. 
recon'secrate, v. 
reconvene', v. 
reconvey', v. 
record', v. 
rec'ord, n. 
recov'er, v. 
recount', v. 
ircourse', n. 
rec'reate, v. 
recrim'inate, v. 
recruit', v. 
recum'bent, a. 



redsem', v. 
r<?deliv'er, v. 
redemand', v. 
red' olerit, a. 
redouble, V. 
redound', v. 
redress', v. & w. 
reduce', v. 
redun'dant, a. 
redu'plicate, v. 
re-ech'o, v. 
re-ed'ify, v. 
re-elect', v. 
re-enact', v. 
re-enforce', v. 
re-enjoy', v. 
re-en'ter, v. 
re-enthrone', v. 
re-establish, v. 
re-exam'ine, v. 
refer', v. 
referment', v. 
refine', v. 
refit', V. 
reflect', v. 
re'flex, a. 
reflour'ish, v. 
reflow', V. 
re'flux, n. 
reform', v. 
refract', v. 
ref'ragable, a. 
refrain', v. 
rfi'fran'gible, a. 
refresh', v. 
refrig'erate, v. 
refuge, n. & v. 
reful'gent, a. 
refund', v. 
refuse', v. 
refute', v. 

?'egam , v. 
regale', v. 
regard', v. & n. 
regen'erate, v. 
re'gress, n. 
regur'gitate, v. 
rehearse', v. 
reimbod'y, v. 
reimburse', v. 
reinsert', v. 
reinspire', v. 
reinstal', v. 
reinstate', v. 
reinvest', v. 
reit'erate, v. 
reject', v. 
?-ejoice', v. 
rejoin', v. 
rejudge', v. 
rekin'dle, v. 
relapse', v. & 7i. 
relate', v. 
rel'ative, a. & n. 
relax', v. 
release', v. 
relent', ik 
rel'evant, a. 
r^l'ict, n. 
relieve', v. 
religi'on, n. 
relinq'uish, v. 
rel'ish, n. & v. 
relu'cent, a. 
reluc'tant, a. 
rely', v. 
remain', v. 
remake', v. 
remand', v. 
remark', v. 
reme'diable, a. 
rem'edy, n. & v. 

remem'ber, v. 
remind', v. 
reminis'cence, n 
remissi'on, n. 
remit', v. 
remon'strate, v. 
remorse', n. 
remote', a. 
remove', v. 
remount', v. 
?-enew', v. 
ren'ovate, v. 
renounce', v. 
reordain', v. 
repair', v. & n. 
»'epass', V. 
repast', n. 
repay', v. 
repeal', v. 
repeat', v. 
repel', v. 
repent', v. 
repeo'ple, v. 
repercussi'on, n. 
repine', v. 
replace', v. 
replant', v. 
replen'ish, v. 
replete', a. 
re-ply', v. & n. 
repol'ish, v. 
report', v. & n. 
repose', v. & n. 
repos'ite, v. 
repossess', v. 
reprehend', v. 
represent', v. 
repress', v. 
reprieve', v. 8c n. 
reprint', v. 
rep'robate, a. n. & v. 



reproduce', v. 
reprove', v. 
repinne', v. 
republish, v^ 
repu'diate, v. 
repug'nant, a. 
repulse', n. &. v. 
repur'chase, v. 
repute', v. & 7i. 
request', n. & v. 
requic'ken, v. 
require', v. 
req'uisite, a. & n. 
requite', v. 
resail', v. 
rescind', v. 
rescribe', v. 
research', n. & v. 
reseat', v. 
resem'ble, v. 
resend', v. 
resent', v. 
reserve', v. & n. 
reset'tle, v. 
reside', v. 
resign', v. 

resil'ient, a. 
resist', v. 
resolve', v. 
res'olute, a. 
resort', v. & n. 
resound', v. 
resow', V. 
respect', v. & n. 
respire', v. 
resplen'dent, a. 
»-espond', v. 
restitu'tion, n. 
restore', v. 
restrain', v. 
restrict', v. 
restrin'gent, a. 
result', V. & n. 
resume', v. 
resurrec'tion, n. 
resus'citate, v. 
retain', v. 
retake', v. 
retal'iate, v. 
retard', v. 
reten'tion, n. 
retort', v. & n. 

retrace , v. 
retract', v. 
retrib'ute, v. 
retrieve', v. 
return', v, & n. 
reveal', v. 
re vela' ti on, ii. 
»-evenge', v. 
rever'berate, v. 
revere', v. 
rev'erence, n. & t>» 
reverse', v. & ti. 
revert', v. 
revic'tual, v. 
revievf', n. & v. 
revile', v. 
revise', v. 
?-evis'it, V. 
revive', v. 
reviv'ify, v. 
reunite', v. 
»'evoke', v. 
revolve', v. 
revom'it, v. 
reward', v. &, n. 

Retro, signifies backwards : as, re/Vograde, going 
backwards step by step. 

re^rocessi'on, n. re^Vograde, a. re^'rospect, n. 
re^roduc'tion, n. re/rogressi'on, n. 

Se, signifies aside or apart : as, recede', to go 
aside or apart; seduce' , to lead aside. 

secede', v. 
secessi'on, n. 
seclude', v. ■ 
feclu'sion, n. 

se'ciet, a. & n. 
secure', a. Sc v. 
seduce', v. 

sediti'on, n. 
select', V. 
sep'arate, r. 6i. a. 



Sine, signifies without : as, sincere', without wax 
or mixture, (honest) ; ^im'ple, without a fold. 

ln5^?ice^e , a. 
• insobri'ety, n. 

sJTn'ple, a. 
sijicere', a. 

sinecure, n. 
somber, a. 

Sub, and theybrTw^^ it assumes,-suc, suf, sug, sup, 
signify under or after, implying a subordinate 
degree: as, 5?/6scril)e', to write under ; sub'se^ 
quent, following under or after ; *M6bea'dle, 
under beadle. 

consMSstan'tiate, v. 
sM^ac'id, a. 
5«6ac'rid, a. 
swi'altern, a. & n. 
swftbea'dle, n. 
suficeles'tial, a. 
sr/6chan'ter, ?i. 
swAcontrac'ted, a. 
swicuta'neous, a. 
SM^dea'con, n. 
*?i5dean', w. 
swSdiver'sify, u. 
itjidivide', v. 
swfiduce', or 
5Mfiduct', ZJ. 
sziZidue', y. 

5M^du'plicate, u. 
SM^ja'cent, a. 
suhjcct', V. 
sub'ject, a. & n. 
suhio'm', V. 
sM^'jugate, V. 
SM^lapsa'rian, n. 
sublmg'vial, a. 
sublunary, a. 
submarine', a. 
submerge', v. 
SM^missi'on, n. 
submit', V. 
5wJmul'tiple, «. 
subor'dinate, a. 
suborn', v. 

suhrec'tOT, n. 
subscribe', v. 
sub'sequent, a. 
subserve', v. 
subside', v. 
sub'sidy, n. 
subsisi', V. 
st/fi'stance, n. 
^wfi'stitute, V. & n. 

subtract', v. 
5Zi6struc'tion, n. 
subtend', v. 
SM^trahend', n. 
subvert', v. 
transufistan'tiate, a. 

Sue, for SUB, signifies U7tder, up: as, *?^cceed', to 
go or come under or after, (also to prosper) ; 
Awc'cour, to run up, (to help.) 

succeed', v. succinct', a. succumb', v. 

success', n. suc'cour, v. & n. swccussi'on, n. 

* See under Ebrius. 


SuF, for SUB, signifies under: as, in^w/'ferable, 
that cannot be borne under or with, 

ins ^^/''fer able, a. suffer, v. sn/'focaie, v. 

insw/lici'ent, a. s?//fice', v. s?f/fumiga'tiori, 7i. 

insM/fla'tiorij n. sufRd'ent, a. snffnse'j v. 

SuG, for SUB, signifies under: as, suggest', to 
carry or bring under, (to hint.) 

suggest', V. suggba'tion, n. 

Sup, for sub, signifies under, up: as, .y?/^press', 
to press under ; sup^iovxf, to bear up. 

■ sup'\)\&ni, V. sJij)^\y', v. & w. sMjopose', v. 

swja'plement, n. insj^ppor'cable, a szf/jpress', u. 

sMjo'l^letory, ?i. supY>oii', v. & w. 5M_p'purate, v. 
s?<j9'plicate, ?;. 

SuBTER, signifies under or beneath: as, siib'ter" 
fuge, a flying under or beneath, (a shift.) 

sMi^er'fluent, or sr«5/e»*'fliious, a. sicb'ierfvge, n. 

Super, Asignifies flSoye or o^'er, 7«07-e </i«w enough: 
as, ^?//)eradcl'', to add oyc/- or aioye y super^vi'^ory 
one who looks oye;', (an oyerseer); super' ^nonSf 
flowing 7nore than enough, (unnecessary.) 

siiperahonn^' , v. superexcre^'cence,n.stipermtQn({', v. 
super ahvLXi' diant, a. super?\.cV-ei\, a. supe'rior, a. Sc ii- 
supera.(\.(\.' , v. sJipcrRne', a. super'la.tive, a. 

superan'nuate, v. superRu'ity, n. sioperlu'nar, a, 
supercon'sequence, super'Huous, a. supei-na'tant, a. 
n. su'per^wx, n. supernal' u.ral, a. 

sujjcrem'inence, n. superincwm'htrii^a.supsrnvi'mQraxYy a. 
superer'ogate, v. supei-induce', v. superscribe', v. 
supere'S-'ceWent, a. superiniec'tiou, n. superseAe', v. 




*Mjo^rstiti'on, n. sujo^rterres'trial, a. supervene', v. 
superstruc'tuie, n. sM/)ervaca'neous, a. super\\'&or, n. 

Supra, signifies above: as, szcjDralapsa'riaiij cvbove, or 
antecedent to, the fall (of man.) 
suprac\V'\&xy, a. sw/jramun'dane, a. sr/jorascap'ulary, a. 
s^^^rafolia■ceous, a. sMjoranat'ural, a. suprayvM^Qs, a. 
supra\a\:)sa'na,n, a. suprare'nal, a. 

SuR (Fr. cont. of supe?-), signifies above, over, upon : 
asj sum\Q)\m.\! , to rise above ; surviYe', to live above 
or a/if^r. 

in«Mn'nount''ableja. surname', v. 
surcharge', v. sur'narae, n. 

S7cr' coat, n. surpass', v, 

sur'face, n. swr'plice, n. 

sur'ieii, v. & n. swr'plus, n. 

surprise', n. & u. 

5?^rmise', v. & ». 
s7/nnount', v. 

surreY>titi'ow%, a. 
surround', v. 
surtoni', n. 
S7ir\ene', v. 
survey', v. 
sur'vey, n. 

surrendi'er, v. Sc n. survive', v. 
Sus for SUB or sursum, signifies under, up, upwards: 
as, SMspect', to look up (with jealousy) ; sz^stain', 
to hold tip. 

sr/scep'tible, a. s?<spici'on, n,. suspire', v. 

SMs'citate, v. su.9pend', v. sustain', v. 

suspect', V. suspense', n. sus'tenance, n. 

Trans, signifies across, over, or beyond, through, 
change, from one place to another : as, tra7isgress', 
to go over or beyond; ^r<2?z5pa'rent, appearing 
through, (clear) ; transiQY^ , to change the form. 

traduce', v. 
fraditi'on, n. 
fraject', v. 
transact'^ v. 
transalpine, a, 
/ransan'imate, v, 
^ra/jsatlant'ic, a. 
transcend', v. 
transcribe', v. 
transfer', t'. 

^rartsfig'ure, v. 
trans^x', v. 
transform', v.', v. 
transgress', v. 
tran'sient, a. 
t7-ansiti'on, n. 
translate', y. 
^ranslu'cent, a. 
/ransmarine', a. 

trans' migrate, v. 
transmit', v. 
ira?Jsmissi'on, n. 
transn^ute', v. 
^rans'padane, a. 
fra?ispa'rent, a. 
<ran spic'uous, a. 
tra7isr)ierce', v. 
transpire', v. 
trans-plant', v. 



transport', v. frartsubstantia'tion ^rav'erse, v. a. n. 

trans'poxt, n. /raresude', v. & ad. 

transpose', v. transveise', a. tresspass, v. & n. 

UltrAj signifies beyond : as, 2^/^r«mon'tane, beyond 
the mountain, 
w/^ramarine', a. w/^ramon'tanej a. «//ramun'dane, a. 


A,-AN {ci privative), signifies want of, 7wt, or with- 
out : as, ttp'athy, want of, or without feeling ; an' - 

ecdote, (something) not given out, (a biographical 

abyss', n. anom'aly, n. asthenol'ogy, n. 

ocauline, or anon'ynious, a. asylum, n. 

acaulous, a. a'orist, n. asym'metry, n. 

aceph'alous, a. ap'athy, n. at'om, n. 

achromat'ic, a. apet'alous, a. at'ony, n. 

ad'amant, n. aph'ony, n, at'rophy, w. 

am'nesty, n. apo'ria, n. a'theist, n. 

amorph'ous, a. ap'yrous, a. ozo'te, n. 

an'archy, ~n. as'cii, n. az'ymous, a. 

««'ecdote, n. aso'matous, a. 

AmphIj-ambi (aya0f & ambo, Lat. both^, signifies 
both or double : as, amphVci'ioM^, (capable of) liv- 
ing both on land and in water. 
amjoAib'ious, a. amphis'cii, n. ambidex'trous, a. 

amphihoVogy, n. ampAithe'atre, n. ambiVogy^ n. 

Ana (^ava), signifies through, up, back or again: as, 

anai'ovaj, a cutting through or up, (dissecting 
animal bodies.) 

anabap'tist, n. OTi'aglyph, n. a?iflph'ora, n. 

anach'orite, or an'agtam, n. onas'arca, n. 

an'chorite, 72. analep'sis, 7i. anas'trophe, lu 

anach'ronism, n. anaVogy, 11. ojiath'ema, ?i. 

onad'romous, a. a/ial'ysis, n. anat'oxay, n. 



Anti,-ant («vr<), signifies opposite to, against: as, 
ajitichvisWvLUyOpposite ^o Christianity ; antaxcWc, 
against, or opposite to, the north^ (southern.) 

fl/tiag'onist, n. 
antaVgic, a. 
ffw^apoplec'tic, a. 
antarc'dc, a. 
07z^asthmat'ic, a. 
«n^epilep'tic, a. 

an'tidote, n. 
an^jdysenter'ic, a. 
o?i^jfe'brile, a. 
rr/i^jlog'arithm, n. 
a?i;mo'mian, w.& a. 

an^'hypochon'driac^aft/jparalyt'icj a. 

a. a«/?*p'athy, n. 

antis.c1d, a. a/i^ipat'ronage, n. 

<7«<?'chris'tian, a. a;i^ipestilen'tial, a. 

G/i^icli'max, n. an/iph'ony, n. 

antih\\'io\xs, a. a?j^jph'rasis, n. 

aai^iconvul'sive, a. a?ifip'odes, n. 

a?i'^ipope, n. 
anti%'cn, n. 
an/Jscorbu'ticaT, a. 
anti-reiox'vaer, n. 
an^j-slav'ery, n. 
a?i/«pasmod'ic, a, 
a;z/isplenet'ic, a. 
a/i/is'trophe, n. 
an/ith'esis, n. 
aJi'titype, n. 
an^ivene'real, a. 
antoQ'ci, n, 
a?z^onoma'sia, n. 

ApOj-aph {kno), signifies /row or away : as, apos* 
tacy, a standing or departure y/o??/ religion 

anta^/joplec'tic, a. 
apagag'ical, a. 
aphssx'esisr, n. 
aphtlion, n. 
Gjr:oc'alyj)se, n. 
fljtjoc'rypha, n. 
apogce'oiiy n. 

apoVogy, n. ajDos'tate, n. 

ajoophlegmat'ic, a. ap'osiexne, n. 
ffp'ophthegm, n. apo%'t\e, a. 
ff/joph'ysis, n, c/jos'trophe, 71. 

crjo'oplexy, n. ojooth'ecary, n. 

apos'tacy, n. apothe'osis, n. 

Cata,-caTj {koctx), signifies down, from side to 
side: as, catav\:\i', a flowing dojvn ; ca^'echise, 
to make sounds from side to side, (to teach 

ea^'acombs, n. 
cat'aXognQ, n. 
cat'aract, n. 
cataxrW, n. 

ca/as'trophe, n. 
catechise, v. 
ca^echu'men, n. 
cat'egory, n. 

calhe'dral, n. 
c«/h'olic, a. 
ca/op'trics, ». 


DiA,-Di Qix), signifies through, asunder : as_, diet' 
ph'anous, appearing through, (or transparent) ; 
di3dv'es,\s, a taking asunder, (separation.) 

dea'con, n. di'agraxn, n. rfiaph'anous, a. 

diaboVic, a, di'aleci, n. diavrhce'a, n. 

e/iaer'esis, n. dialec'tic, a. c?ioc'esan, n. 

diagno%'iic, n. di'alogne, n. c^iop'trics, n. 

diagonal, a. & n. c?ia ra'cter, n. rfiora'ma, n. 

En,-em {\y), signifies in or on : as_, pare^/thesis, 
a word or sentence put in beside, or between 
others, (explanatory of something going be- 

enclitics, n. ewcys'ted, a. enioxnoVogy, n. 

enco'mium, n. eradem'ic, n. 8c a. parew.'thesis, n. 
e^icyclope'dia, n. ewthu'siasm, n. 

Em, for EN (Iv), signifies in or on : as, em'phasis^ 
a particular force or stress of the voice laid on 
(any word or sentence.) 

^m'blem, n. 8l v, ernpir'ic, a. e?«po'rium, n. 

emljrocate, v. er^'phasis, n. empyre'an, n. 

erm'piric, n. 

Epi (Itti), signifies upon : as, epedem'ic^ (falling) 
upon the people, (general.) 

ante^ilep'tic, a. ep'ilogue, n. ejo'itaph, n. 

^Tjhem'eral, a. e/)2ph'any, n. eji'ithei, n. 

ej)'icyc\e, n. ^joiglot'tis, n. epii'ome, n. 

epidemic, a. ej^is'copacy, n. ep'och, n. 

ep'igram, n. ep'hoCie, n. ejo'ode, n. 

rp'ilepsyj n. eph'iXe, n. 
T) 2 


Hyper {vtt?^), signifies above, over or bci/o/id : as, 
ki/pcrc\'h'ic, a critic exact over or beyond, (use 
or reason.) 

hyperho'xQ^iXi, a, hypcr'hoiQ, n. hypercx'ii'ic, n. 

Hypo (y;r<>), signifies tinder: as, /?j/poth'esis, a 
placing under, (a system formed under some 
principle not proved ) 

A^j5ochon'driac, n. Jiyp'ocxiie, n. A^jooth'esis, n. 

hypocYisy, n. hypo^i^X'ical, a. 

Meta {f^zrx), signifies beyond, change, according 
to; as, 7net'a]ih.or, transferring or carrying be- 
yond, (or using a word in a sense beyond, or 
different from its original or ordinary import) ; 
i7ielh'o(\j according to a way or path. 

wif^amor'phosis, 71. wetoth'esis, n. meth'oA, n. 
met'a^^\\or, n. »«e^empsycho'siS;7i.w2^^on'ymy, n. 

»ne/aphys'ics, n. 

Para,-pah (7r«^«), signifies ^frte by side, beside^ 
near to, like or similar : as, par'ahle^ a putting 
a thing side by side, or beside another, (to make 
a comparison or similitude, or likening spiritual 
things to temporal or external objects.) 

antijoaralyt'ic, a. par'agraph, n. pai''asite, n. 

extrajoaro'chial, a. ^;G;-Mllac'tic, a. jsaren'thesis, n. 

par'ahle, n. par'aWoi, n. juarhelion, n, 

parahoVicixl., a. paraVogy, n. juaj-'ish, n. & a. 

paracen'tvic, a. par'alyze, v. joaro'chial, a. 

par'aAigm, n. ^.>aj-apherna'lia, v. par'ody, n. & v. 

jnir'adoyi, n. pav'aphrase 71. jxtr'oxysm, n. 


Peri (in^t), signifies round, about : as^ /;e/ipatet'ic,* 
walking about, (a sect of philosophers who dis- 
coursed walking.) 

joe?'icar'pium^ n. pe'riod, n. periT^Woxy, n. 

pericra/nium, n. peripatet'ic, n. periph'rasis, n. 

SvN ((T-yv), and the forms it assumes^-sy, syl, sym, 
signifies together, with : as, jj/?i'agogue, a place 
where the Jews assembled together to worship, 
(a Jewish church.) 

s^/i'agogue, n. si/nec/doche, n. ay^iop'sis, n. 
syn'chxoniua, n. syii'oA, n. syn'tax, n. 

syn' co^Q, Ux synoi\'ymo\xs, a. «^?i'thesis, n. 

Sy, for SYN (o-yp), signifies together, with : as, sys- 
tem, standing together, (so as to form a consis- 
tent whole.) 
*^s'tem, n. Ai/s'tole, n, 

Syl, for SYN {<rvv), signifies together, with : as, 
srjl'lahle, taking together with the lips, (the let- 
ters taken together in a single emission of the 

tlis'^ynable, n. pol'y^y/lable, n. syl'logism, n. 
mou'os«//lable, n. syl'lahlC) n. & v. tris's?/Zlable, n. 

Sym, for svn ((t-w), signifies together, with: as 
syvi'^Sithy, feeling with, or together, (fellow- 

symbol, n. sywi'patby, n. 52/?ft'ptom, n. 

sym'metxy, n. 

* A sect of philosopliers so called from Aristotle their founder, who, at 
Athens in Attica, in the Lyceun grove, or shaded walk, taught those who 
attended him, walking up and down. 




1. To Nouns. 
The Substantive of the Person. 

An, denotes o?ie who, or the person that: as, 
Chris'ti«w, one who follows Christ ; pa'gan, one 
who, or the person that, dwells in a village or 
country, (a heathen*.) 

academici'rt/i, n. 
artisa/i'j n. 
antitrinita'riart, n. 
arithmetici'a;i, it. 
bacchanalia/i, n. 

& a. 
barba'riaw, n. &. a. 
chris'tiaft, n. & a. 
civil'iare, n. 
colle'gia?^, n. 
come'dian, n. 
cosmopol'itan; n. 

& a. 
dioc'esa?i, n. 
disciplina'ria?ij n. 
episcopalia/i, n.'tna7i,n. 8c a. 
Europe'a?i, n. & a. 

geometrici'an, 7i. 
.gramma'rirtw, n. 
guar'dia/i, n. 
histo'riaw, n. 
libra'ria/i, w. 
logici'an, n. 
magici'aw, n. 
mathematici'a/ij n. 
metropolitan, ?i. 

& a. 
millena'rian, n. 
musici'«?i, n. 
optici'ara, n. 
or'phare, n. & a. 
■psi'gan, n. & a. 
partisan', n. 
patrici'a?i, n. & a. 
Per'sia?i, n. & a. 
physici'a?i, n. 

plebei'an, «. & a. 
politici'an, 7i. 
predestina'rian, n. 
proso'dian, n. 
pub'licaji, n. 
-pu'iitan, n. 
repub'lican, n. Sea. 
rhetorici'a?i, n. 
ruf fia/i, 71. & a. 
Sa'tan, n. 
saVtan, n. 
theolo'giart, n. 
trage'dia?i, n. 
trinita'riaw, n. 
valetudina'ria?i, n. 
veterina'rian, n. 
vet'eran, n. & a. 

* The word Pagan obtained this meaning, when Constantine the Roman 
emperor, having publicly established Christianity in the empire, (about 
the year 320,) prohibited in cities tlie profane vvorship of the gods, those 
attached to the old superstition lied to the countri/, and secretly perform- 
ed their former sacred rites in the villiigcs ; hence the term Pagan, hea- 
then, or not Christian. 



Ant, denotes one who, or the person that: as, 
assist'««/, one who, or the person that assists ; 
va'gvant, one who wanders. 

defend'an^, n. obser'van^, n. & a. 

dis'put«»;, n. oc'cupan^, n. 

expect'an/j n. & a. peas'an^, n. 
descend'an^, n. ped'an/, n. 
g&Vlant, n. & a. 
gVanty n. 
hier'ophan^, n. 
inform''an^, n. 

accouni' ant, n. 

ad'jutan^, n. 

affirm'ara^, n. 

sian\x'\iantj n. 

appellant, n. 

ascend'an^, n. 

a^saWant, n. & a. 

assist'«n^, n. & a. 

attendVfra^, n. & a. inhab'itari^, n. 

c\a.mi'ant, n. inien^'ant, n. 

coad'jutan^, n. lieiiten'aw^, n. 

cohah'itant, n. \\i.'igant, n. 

coxa'haiant,, n. men'dican/, n. 

commu'nica?i^, n. mer'chari/, n. 

complain'a7i^, n. mWcxQant, n. 

confidant, n. 

prot'estan^, n. Sc a. 
recu'sart^, n. 
ser'geant, n. 
sei'vant, n. 
sup'plica?i#, n. 
syc'ophan^j n. 
ten'ant, n. 6l v. 
tru'ant, n. & a. 
iy'r ant J n. 
va'grant, n. & a. 
yh'itant, n. 

An, signifies o?ie who : as, beg'gar, o?ie who begs. 

heg'gar, n. li'ar, n. vic'ar, n. 

famil'iar, n. & a. schol'ar, n. 
tem'plar, n. 

Ard, denotes one who : as, drunWard, one who is 

has'tard, n. do'tard, n. ^Ing'gard, n. 

hMak'ard, n. drunk'«rrfj n. stevf'ard, n. 

covi'ard, n. gsYMard, n. v/iz'ard, n. 

das'tarc?, n. vAg'gard, n. & a. 

Ary, denotes one who, or the person that: as 
em'issar^, one who is sent out (secretly) ; vo'- 
tary, one devoted, or the person that is devoted 
(to any thing.) 

ac'cessa?'^, n. ad'versar^, n. apoth'ccaryj n. 



an'tiquar|(', 71. 
contem'porary, or 
cotem'porary, n. 
com'missar^/, 71. 
dig'nitary, w. 
depos'itary, 7i. 
em'issa?"^, n. 
fiic'tionaj-y, n. 
incen'diar«/, w. 
lap'ida?*y, n. 

mer'cenary, n. & a. 
miritar?/, 71. & a. 
mis'sionary, n. & a. 
noi'ary, 71. 
peniten'tior?/, 7i. 
pen'sionary, w. & a. 
pla'giarjr, w. 
plenipoten'tiarj^, w. 
preb'endary, w. 
sec'ondary, w. & a. 

sec'retart/, n. 
sec'tarT/, n. 
stat'uar^j n. 
supernu'merary, n. 

& a. 
trib'utary, 7t. & a. 
visi'onary, n. & a. 
voVvMtary, 71. &, a. 
volup'tuary, w. 
\o'iary, n. & a. 

Ate, denotes o/je wAo, or the person that: as, grad'- 
u«/e, one who obtains a degree (at college) ; 
Sid'wocatey one who, or the person that pleads (the 
cause of another.) 

ad'voca^^, 71. confed'era/^j n. a. mag'istra/^, m. 
apos'ta^^, n. & v. i^x'xate, n. & v. 

appellate, 71. cw'xate^ n. po'tenta/^, n. 

arch'prela^e, 71. del'ega/e, n. & a. prel'afe, w 
assas'sina/e, n. & u. exam'ina^?, n. 

asso'cicr^^j w. & a. grad'ua^gj 7i. 

can'dida/g, 7i. leg^a^e, w. 

colle'gia^g^ w. & a. licen'tia^^, n. & u. 

pri'mofe, 71. 

prof 'liga^^, n. & a. 

rep'roba^e, n. a, & w. 

Ee, denotes otie who: as, absentee', one who is 
absent; patentee', one who has a patent. 

absentee', 71. 
appellee', 7U 
assignee', n. 
commit'tee, w. 
debauchee', n. 
devotee', n. 
donee', n. 

feoffee, ri. 
grantee', n. 
guarantee', 7i. 
legatee', 71. 
lessee', n. 
mortgagee', n. 
obligee', w. 

patentee', w. 
presentee', w. 
recognisee', 71. 
referee', w. 
refugee', w. 
trustee', n. 

Eer, signifies owe /y/jo, or the person that: as, 
mountaineer', one who dwells on or amid moun- 
tains, (a Highlander.) 
auctioneer', n. charioteer', n. engineer', n. 



garreteer', n. 
gazetteer', n. 
harpooneer', n. 
mountaineer', n. 

musketeer', n. 
mutineer', 7i. 
pamphleteer', n. 
pioneer', n. 

privateer', n. 
scrutineer', n. 
sonnetteer', n. 

Ent, denotes owe who, ov the person that; as, de- 
•^o'went, one who puts or lays down (evidence) • 
pa'tie«/, one who, or the person that suffers. 

accip'ien^, n. 
ac'colen^, n. 
adhe're«<, n. & a. 
Si'gent, fi. 
a.n'cieni, n. & a. 
cWerd, n. 
contend'en^, n. 
correspond'en^, a. 

& n. 
delin'quew^, n. 
depo'nen^, n. 

imper'tinen^,n.& a. 
incum'ben^, n. & a. 
nonres'ideni, n. 
oppo'nen^, n. & a. 
pa'ren/, n. 
pa'tien^, n. & a. 
pen'iterai, n. Sl a. 
pres'iden^, n, 
produc'e?*^, n. 
profici'en/, n. 

propo'new^, n. 
recip'iew/, n. 
xe'gent, n. 
res'ide?2^, n. & a. 
respond'en^, n. 
sen'tien#, n. & a. 
stu'dew/, n. 
superintend'en^, ou 
vicege'rere^, n. 
vicea'gen^, n. 

Er, denotes one who, or the persoji that : as, ba'ker 
one who bakes; vis'itcr, one who, or the persoji 
that visits ; wid'ower, one who, or the person 
that has lost his wife. 

abridg'er, n. 
applaud'er, n. 
ar'biter, n. 
arch'er, n. 
artificer, n. 
astrol'oge?', n. 
attend'e?*, n. 
backer, n. 
bank'er, ?i. 
bar'ber, n. 
behold'er, n. 
belie'ver, n. 
betray'er, n. 

biog'rapher, 7i. 
book-binder, n. 
board'er, n. 
box'er, n. 
bra'cer, n, 
bra'zier, n. 
break'er, n. 
broach'er, n. 
build'er, n. 
burgh'er, n. 
butch'er, n. 
butler, 11. 
buy'er n. 

by'stander, n. 
car'rier, n. 
cashier', 7i. 
ca'terer, n. 
cav'iller, n. 
chir'omancer, n. 
civ'ilizer, n. 
climb'er, n. 
col'lier, n. 
command'er, n, 
commend'er, n. 
controller, n. 
convey'ancer, n 



cop'ier, n. 
cop'yholder, n. 
cot'tager, n. 
cour'tier, n. 
cur'rier, n. 
cus'tome?*, n. 
cutler, n. 
dan'cer, n. 
deaVer, n. 
decei'ver, n. 
defraud'er, n. 
defend'er, n. 
deliv'erer, n. 
delud'er, n. 
desert'er, n. 
destroy'er, n. 
dig'ger, n. 
dissent'er, n. 
divin'er, n. 
dow'ager, 7z. 
dra'per, n. 
el'der, n. 
enrol'ler, n. 
e'vil-doer, n. 
expeller, n. 
expound'er, n. 
farm'er, n. 
feed'er, w. 
fen'cer, n. 
fer'rier, n. 
free'liolder, n. 
tind'er, ti. 
fisli'er, n. 
foreigu'er, n. 
forerun'ne?', n. 
for'ger, 11. 
found'er, «. 
fowl'er, n. 
fuller, n. 
fur'rier, rt. 
gaol'er, n. 

garden'er, n. 
geog'rapher, lu 
gild'er, n. 
giv'er, n. 
gla'zier, n. 
gra'zier, n. 
gro'cer, w. 
hab'erdasher, n. 
har'binger, n. 
head'er, n. 
heal'er, w. 
hew'er, ti. 
historiog'rapher, n. 
hold'er, n. 
ho'sier, n. 
hostler, or 
os'tler, n. 
house'holder, n. 
inform'er, n. 
inlander, n. 
inqui'rer, n. 
interce'der, n. 
inter'preter, w. 
intiu'der, n. 
inva'der, n. 
i'slander, w. 
jail'er, n. 
jobl)er, n. 
joi'ner, n. 
just'ifier, n. 
kid^napper, n. 
land'holde?', n. 
law'yer, w. 
lead'er, n. 
lec'turer, n. 
lend'er, n. 
lep'er, n. 
libeller, n. 
lodg'er, n. 
nia'ker, n. 
man'ager, n. 

marine?', n. 
mer'ce?', n. 
mes'senger, n, 
miller, n. 
mi'ner, n. 
minister, n. 
moot'er, n. 
nec'romancer, n 
obser'ver, n. 
offend'er, ?i. 
officer, n. 
naiVe"*, n. 
parish i'oner, n, 
pas'senger, n. 
pau'per, n. 
pen'sioner, n. 
perfulner, n. 
petlifogger, n. 
philol'oger, n. 
philos'opher, n. 
plead'er, n. 
polisher, n. 
por'ter, n. 
preach'e?", n. 
pretend'er, n. 
print'er, 7i. 
pris'oner, n. 
produ'cer, n. 
propound'er, n. 
provid'er, n. 
publisher, n. 
pur'ge?*, n. 
pu'rifier, n. 
qua'ker, n. 
read'er, n. 
record'er, n. 
redeem'er, n. 
reform'er, n. 
rememl)rancej', n. 
reward'er, n. 
ri'der, n. 



rob'b^)*, n. 
tuVer, n. 
sad'dler, n. 
sanc'tifier, n. 
saw'yer, 7i. 
scoffer, n. 
search'er, n. 
sece'der, n. 
sedu'cer, n. 
sing'6?r, n. 
sla'ter, n. 
sli'der, n. 
sling'er, w. 
smelt'fc'r, n. 
smug'glgr, w. 
so'journer, n. 
sol'dier, n. 

sooth 'sayer, w. 
speak'^r, n. 
spend'^"!*, w. 
stock-jobber, n. 
strag'gler, n. 
stran'ger, n. 
subscri^ber, n. 
succeed'er, n. 
sutler, n. 
tan'ner, n. 
teacb'er, n. 
teller, n. 
tes'tifier, w. 
tiller, n. 
tra'der, n. 
transcrib'er, n. 
trav'eller, n. 

treas'urer, n. 
uphold'er, n. 
uphol'sterer, n. 
usurp'er, 71. 
vancour'ier, n. 
villager, n. 
voy'ager, n. 
ward'er, n. 
wasb'er, n. 
watch 'er, n. 
wea'ver, n. 
wei'gher, n. 
well-wish'er, n. 
wid'ower, n. 
wine-bibljer, n. 
wran'gler, n. 

1st, * denotes one who, or the person that : as, bot'- 
anisf, one who studies botany or plants ; the'- 
orist, one who or the 'person that theorizes or 
speculates ; oc'uh*^^, one who cures eyes. 

aVgehraistj n. cas'uist, n. 

anabap'tis^, n. cat'echist, n. 

anagram 'mati^^, n. chem'w^, n. 

anat'omi^/, n. 
an'nalis^, n. 
antag'oui^;, n. 
axl3onst, n. 
2Xt'ist, n. 
a'thei*^, n. 
at'omj's^, n. 
bap'tis^, n. 
h'lg'zxnist, n. 
bot'anis^, n. 
cab'alw^, n. 
Cal'vinis^, n. 
can'oni*;, n. 

chronol'ogw^, n. 
col'ouris^, n. 
conform'is/, «. 
controver'siali*/, n. fa'talt^^, n. 
devo'tionali^^, n. flo'n'*^, n. 

epigrani'matis^, n. 
epit'omis^, n. 
etyniol'og«,9C, n. 
evan'geli*/, n. 
ex'orcisi, n. 
fab'uli^^, n. 

delist, n. 
dial'ogi^?, n. 
dog'matw^, n. 
dram'atjs^, n. 
drug'gis^, n. 
dw'tlist, n. 
eg'otist, n. 
enig'mati*^, n. 

form'alw^, n. 
geneal'ogis?, n. 
heh'Taisi, n, 
her^alw/, 7i. 
hu'moris^, n. 
i'doli*^, n. 
impe'riali^?, n. 
jour'nalJA'/, n. 

* This affix or termination is of Greek origin. 



ju'm/, 71. 
lap'idw^, n. 
lat'inw^, 71. 
iing'uw^, n. 
lithot'omi*;, 7i. 
loy'alist, n. 
lut'anis^, n, 

IjT'ist, 71. 

mar'tiah's^, ti. 
mate'rialis^, n. 
martyrol'ogis^j n. 
med'ali^i, n. 
memo'rialw^, n. 
met'allis^, n. 
metallur'gis^, n. 
meteorol'ogi*/, n. 
xn&th'o&ist, n. 
milleni^^j n. 
vnm'txaXist, w. 
mineral'ogi*/, n. 
misog'amis/, n. 
vcvonog'axnist, n. 
monop'oli*^, n. 

Yaox'dXist, 71. 
myrop'olisf. n. 
mythorogis^, 7i. 
nat'uraMst, n. 
nonconform'is^j 7i. 
nov'eiist, n. 
nu'men's^, w. 
oc'wlist, 71. 
cecon'omi^?, 7i. 
ontol'ogis^, n. 
oipin'ionist, n. 
or'gan?*;, 7i. 
panegyr'Js^j w. 
pa'pj^^j 71. 
ped'obaptr^^, 7i. 
pharmacol'ogi*^, n. 
pharmacop'olJs^, w. 
philol'ogw^, w. 
physiog'nomes/, n. 
physiol'ogis/, n. 
plu'ralis/, n. 
polyg'ami*/, n. 
pol'ythei«/j n. 

psalm'?*/, n. 
pu'rii/, 71. 
que'rist, n. 
rati'onalis/, n. 
religi'onts/, n. 
rhap'sodis/, n. 
rit'xxdlist, n. ' 
roy'&Mst, n. 
sa'tirw/, 71. 
sche'matw/, 7i. 
sci'olis/, 71. 
sen'sual'is/, n. 
sep'arati^/, n. 
soph'is/, n. 
tautol'ogis/, n. 
theol'ogjs/, n. 
ihe'orist, n. 
tobac'conis/, n. 
ventril'oquis/j 7U 
\\'o\ist, n. 
visi'onis/, n. 
vo'tarjs/, n. 
zooi'amist, n. 

Ite, denotes one who, or the person thai : as, Le'- 
\ilej one who is descended from Levi ; faVour- 
ite, one who or the person that is favoured. 

sxi'chorite, n. 
bed'lami/^, n. 
Can' adLtiite, 7i. 
conveti'ite, n. 

cosmop'oli/^r, n. 
eVexnite, or 
her'mi/, n. 
faVouri/e, n. 

hennaph'rodj/^, n. 

IvE, denotes owe who^ or //ze person that: as, 
cap'tfz;^, owe ?y/iO or the person that is taken 
(in war.) 

cap'tive, w. & a. 
fu'gitirg, n. & a. 

op'eratii'^, 7i. & a. represent'ative, w. 
na'tiw<?, 7i. & fi. rev'viiive, n. Si. a. 



Ling, (sometimes lin), denotes Utile, young 
gos'ling, a young goose. 

change' ling, n. 
ch.\.c\^'lmg, n. 
^ax'ling, n. 
duck7m^5 n. 
dump'/i?*^, It. 
fat'ling, n. 
^ist'ling, n. 

fond'ling, n. 
found7^^^^, n. 
gos' ling, n. 
grunt'ling, n. 
loxAfling, n. 
nuv&'ling, n. 
sa^'ling, n. 

seed'ling, n. 
stri-p'ling, n. 
twin'ling, n. 
weak' ling, n. 
wean'ling, n. 
yeai'ling, n. 
young'ling, n. 

Or, denotes o?ie who, or the person that : as doc'- 
tor, one who or the person that is learned ; inter- 
ces'sor, one who intercedes or goes between. 

abbre'viator, n. 
abet'tor, n. 
act'or, n. 
administra7or, n. 
adula'tor, n. 
aggres'sor, n. 
ag'itator, n. 
an'cestor, n. 
ambas'sador, n. 
annota'tor, n, 
ar'b>itrator, n. 
asser'tor, n. 
asses'sor, n. 
au'ditor, n. 
aw'Xhor, n. 
bach'elor, n. 
benefac'tor, n. 
calculator, n. 
calum'niator, n. 
cen'sor, n. 
chan'cellor, n, 
coadju'tor, n. 
collec'tor, n. 
conimenta'tor, n. 
compet'ito?', n. 

compos'itor, n. 
conciFiator, n. 
conduc'tor, n. 
con'fessor, n. 
con'queror, n. 
conspir'ator, n. 
contrib'utor, n. 
correc'tor, n. 
crea'tor, n. 
cred'itor, n. 
cu'rator, n. 
deb for, n. 
deter'minator, n. 
dicta'tor, n. 
direc'tor, n, 
dissemiua'tor, n. 
doc'tor, n. 
do'nor, n. 
ed'itor, n. 
em''peror, n. 
em'ulator, n. 
equiv'ocator, n. 
examina'tor, n. 
exec'utor, n. 
cxpos'tulator, ?i. 

fac'tor, n. 
gladia'tor, n. 
gov'ernor, w. 
illu'minator, n. 
im'itator, n. 
infe'rior, w. & a. 
inher'itor, n. 
in'novator, n. 
inoc'ulator, n. 
insidia'tor, n. 
insin'uator, n. 
inspec'tor, n. 
interces'sor, n. 
inter'polator, n. 
inter'rogator, n. 
inven'tor, n. 
ju'nior, n. & a. 
yi'xor, n. 
legisla'tor, n. 
ma'jor, n. & a. 
malefac'tor, n. 
may'or, n. 
media'tor, n. 
mi'nor, n. &. a. 
modera'tor, w. 



modula'toj', n. 
mon'itor, 7i. 
narra'tor, it. 
nav'i gator, n. 
nego'tiator, n. 
objec'tor, ii. 
op'erator, ii. 
oppres'sor, n. 
or'ator, n. 
pas'tor, n. 
pec'ulator, n, 
per'secu tor, n. 
posses'sor, 7i. 
precen'to?*, n. 
precep'tor, n. 
pred'ecessor, n. 
predic'tor, n. 
pre'tor, n. 
preturba'tor, n. 
proc'tor, n. 

proc'reator, n. 
proc'urator, n. 
profes'sor, n. 
progenitor, n. 

specta'tor, n. 
spec'ulato?*, n. 
epon'sor, n. 
succes'sor, 7i. 

prognos'ticator, n. supe'rior, n. 
projec'tor, n. siipervi'sor, n 

promulga'tor, n. 
prop'agator, 7i 

propit'iator, n. 
proprietor, n. 
pros'ecutor, ra. 
protec'tor, n. 
purvey'or, n. 
rec'tor, n. 
sailor, n. 
sculp'tor, n. 
seign'ior, n. 
sen'ator, n. 
se'nior, n. 
solic'itor, n. 

survey or, ?». 
tai'lor, n. 
testa'tor, n. 
tormen'tor, n. 
trai'tor, n. 
transgres'sor, ?i 
transla'tor, n. 
tu'tor, n. 
vic'tor, n. 
vin'dicator, n- 
vi'olator, n. 
vis'itor, n 
war'rior, n. 

Ster, denotes one who: as, eong'ster, one wfu 


har'Tister, n. 
chor'i^/er, n. 
game's^er, n. 

malt'^^^r, ii. 
\)\xn'ster, n. 
qmr'ister, n. 

song' ster, n. 
s^in'ster, n, 
yonug'ster, n. 

The Substantive of the Thing. 
(From the Latin.) 

AcY, denotes being, or state of being : as, ac'cu- 
raci/, a being accurate ; ceVihaci/, the state of 
being single. 

ablaacy, n. ceVihacy, 7i. con'tumacy, ti. 

ac'curacy, n. confed'eraci/, 7i. ca'r acy, n. 

ad'voccffWj 71, coiispir'«f2/j ^' degen'eracy, n. 



deVicacy, n. 
effem'inact/, n. 
efficacy, n. 
epis'copacy, '>i. 
fallacy, n. 
iu'timacy, 7i. 
in'iricacy, n. 
invet'eracy, n. 

leg^acy, n. 
legit'imacy, n. 
lu'nacy, n. 
magistracy, n. 
ob'duracy, n. 
ob'stinacy, n. 
op'timacy, n. 
pa'pacy, n. 

pi racy, n. 
prel'acy, n. 
pri'macy, n. 
pri'vacy, w. 
proc'uracy, n. 
subor'dinacy, n. 
suprem'acy, n. 

Age,* denotes the thing or bei7ig collectively, the 
state of being, an allowance for : as, fo'liage, 
leaves C collectively J j peer'rtge, the stale of 
being a peer ; csiY'viage, an allowance for the 
thing carried. 

advan'tay^, n. 
ap'panayc, n. 
arrear'ayc, n. 
asseml)layc, n. 
append'ayc, n. 
av'erayc, n. 
hag'gage, n. 
hax'onage, n. 
band'ay^, n. 
hev'erage, n. 
bond'ayc, n. 
hro'cage, n. 
bro'kerayc, n. 
car'celayc, n. 
cax'riage, n. 
cart'ilayc, n. 
cellar aye, n. 
coin' age, n. 
com'monayc, n. 
conculainayc, 11. 
cord'age, n. 
cot' tag e, n. 

cozenage, n, 
do'tage, n. 
eq'uipayc, n. 
emljassaye, n. 
foViage, n. 
fruit'ayc, n. 
harl)ouraye, ii. 
hem'orrhayc, n. 
herb'ayc, n. 
her'mitayc, n. 
Yioxn'age, 7i. 
key'age, n. 
lan'guaye, n. 
leak'ayc, n. 
lin' eage, n. 

niarYiage, 7i. 
mes'sayCj n. 
niint'age, n. 
raviCilage, n. 
nn'iage, n. 

non' age, n. 
or'phauayc, li. 
par'entayc, 11. 
par'sonayc, 11. 
•pas'sage, n. 
pas'turaye, n. 
■peer'age, n. 
per'sonaye, u. 
pil'grimay^, ti. 
pillayc, n. & v. 
pilotayc, n. 
plu'mayc, ti. 
posi'age, n. 
poi'terayc, n. 
pound'ayc, n 
pont'ayc, n. 
port'ayc, n. 
pre'sayc, n. 
pri'mayc, n. 
rav'ayc, n. &. v. 
room'ayc, n. 
sail 'say c, n. 

* Ttiio affix or termination is derived from the French. 

E 2 



sa.\'a(/e, n. 8^ a. 
seVvage, n. 
steer'age, n. 
seign'orage, n. 
&to])'page, n. 
stow'age, n. 
snCirage, n. 
tiVlage, n. 

ton'nage, n. 
tn'torage, n. 
um'hxage, n. 
u'sage, n. 
xas'salage, n. 
\Si\Ai'agej ii. 
vic'eiTage, n. 

\\c'inagc, n. 
viVlage, n. 
yini' age y n. 
vh'age, n. 
\oy 'age, n. 
vfQh'age, n. 
wharfage, n. 

Ance, denotes being or state of being, or (sim- 
ply,) ' ing' : as, \ig'i\ance, state of being vigi- 
lant, or WBX.c\iing; sub'stawce, standzwg under, 
or state of being substantial. 

abai'sanc^, n. de^'ance, n. 

ahwn' dance, n. deliv'erance, n. 
Siccepi' atice, n. depend'ance, n. 
accord'anc^, n. das'cTepance, n. 
acquaint'ance, n. dis'sona^ic^, 71. 
&.dim\i'iance, n. da%'tance, n. 

disturb'anc^, n. 

d\x'ra7ice, n. 

eVegance, n. 

exox'hitance, n. 

aH&giance, n. 
allow'anc^, n. 
aimoy'ance, n. 
appear'anc^, n. 
2Ct'xogance, n. 
assist'artc^, n. 
assu'rancc, n. 
aiiend'ance, n. 
avoid'a/if^, n. 

perseve ranc^, n. 
pet'ulanc^, n. 
precip'ita?ic^, n. 
predom'ina?ic^, n. 
protuberance, n. 
pu'issawce, n. 
pursu'awce, n. 
ra/diance, n. 
reli' ance, n. 
re\uc'iance, n. 

exixay'agance, n. remem'bra/ice, n. 
ioxheax' ance, n. revnit'tance, n. 

fxa'gxance, n. 
iux'ihtxance, n. 
giie'vance, n. 

hal'ance, n. & v. guid'ance, n. 

cir'cumstance, n. hin'derance, n. 

complaisa;ice', 7i. ig'noxance, n. 

coxnpW ance, n. ixn-poxt'ance, n. 

concom'iiance, 71. mh&x'itance, n. 

cormi'vance, n. iii'stance, 71. & v. 

con'&oxiance, ti. 
conim'xxance, n. 
coxiixVv ance, n. 
convey'ance, n. 
coxxxv'iQnance, n. 

main'tena7ice, 71. 
dbGi'sajice, 71. 
oh^ex'sance, n. 
ox'dxwance, 7i. 
•\^Q\\'ance, 71. 
pertbrm 'a?2Ct'. n. 

xexxioii'stxance, n. 
XQ-pQXii'ance, n. 
resist'ance, n. 
s,e)i\'h\ance, n. 
siguif'icartce, n. 
sub'sta«ce, n. 
suf'fera/ic^, 7i. 
sus'tena?2ce, n. 
texn'-pQxance, 7i. 
tend'awce, w. 
{.oVtxance, «. 
ut'terance, 71. 
\-c\!xiance, n. 
\en'geancc, n. 
\\g'\\ance, n. 



Ancy^ denotes being or state of being, or ' ing' : 
as, oc'cu-paucT/, slate of being occupied, or oc- 
cupy i?ig : hYi\Via?ici/, shiimig, ov state of being 

ar Toganci/, n. 
brill'ia?ic^, ti. 
haoy'anci/, n. 
concom'itancy, n. 
con'ionancy, n.- 
con'stancy, n. 
depend'aracy, n. 
discord'anc^j n. 
cYegancy, n. 
exoiliitancy, n. 
expec'tawcy, n. 
extray'agancy, n. 
^Si'gtancy, n. 

fra' gtancy, n. 
hes'itancy, n. 
intem'pcr ancy, n. 
lat'itancy, n. 
lieuten'a^icy, n. 
luxxx'xiancyy n. 
YCxaMg'nancy, n. 
oc'cw^ancy, n. 
os'citancy, n. 
■pec'caticy, n. 
pen'etraracy, «. 
piq'ua/icy, n. 
pli'awcy, n. 

■^oVgnancy, n. 
-preg'naiicy, n. 
prepon'dera?ic?/, n, 
ra'dia/icy, n. 
xara'^pancy, n. 
repug'na?^cy, n. 
signif icancjr, «. 
stag'nanc^j n. 
suboT'dinawcy, n. 
ya'cancyj n, 
\ac'i\\.ancy, n. 
va'grancy, n. 
xig'ilancyj n. 

A.RY, denotes the place where, or the thing that : 
as, li'brary, the place where books are kept ; 
a'w'mry, the place where birds are kept, (or the 
thing that keeps birds in.) 

anniver'sary, n. 
a'piary, n. 
a'siary, n. 
haVneary, n. 
heg'gary, n. 
bound'aj'^j n. 

* bre'viary, n. 
carawan'sary, n. 
char'tulary, n. 
CQxn'eieryy n. 
colwxn'bary, n. 

* coni'menta?-^, n. 
confec'tionary, n. 

cox'd^lary, n. 

depositary, n. 

dx'ary, n. 

dic'tionary, 7*. 

disiDen'sary, n. 

es'tnary, n. 
' for'miilarj/, n. 

fri'ary, n. 
' glo&'sary, n. 

gxaxi'ary, n. 

infirm'ary, n. 
" itm'exary, n. 

liltxary, n. 

hi'mmary, n. 

* noc'tuary, n. 
os'suai'y, n, 
os'tiary, n. 
o'vary, n. 
pis'cary, n. 
prelim'inar^j n. 
sal'ar?/, n. 
sanc'tuary, n. 
sem'intt?*/, n. 
surn'mary, n. & a 
\aga'ry, n. 

* vocab'ulary, n^ 

* Anj, in the words \)xeimary, com'mciitrtri', CA'aru, dic'tionf??-?/, for'- 
miliar//, gl()s'sa/.y, itin'era;-?/, noc'tu«)-.v. v<)cab'ula< (,% deuolcs a huoh of- 
asj iWaiy, a book o/ilaily accounts, (a journal.) 



Cle, denotes 

animaVcule, n. 
ar'huscle, n. 
ax'ticle, n. 
aw'x'icle, n. 
can'tic^^, n. 
chron'ic/e, n. 
conven'tic/e, n 
cor'pusc/g, n. 
cu'tic/e, w. 
follic/gj u. 

Utile or small : 
; cor'pusc/e, a 

gloh'ide, n. 
glan'dii/e, n. 
graxi'ule, n. 
i'cicle, n. 
o&'sicle, n. 
par'tic/^, w. 
ped'ic/e, n. 
penic/e, w. 
pir/nac/^, n. 
pus'tta'e, w. 

as, can'tic/e, a /?7//c 
*7wa// body. 

ret'icM^e, n 
sclied'w/^, ?i. 
spher'w/^j n. 
twlitrcle, n. 
vaVvule, n. 
ve'hicle, n. 
ven'tric/gj n. 
ver'micM^e, ». 
vers'ic/g, n. 
ves'ic/^, n. 

Ence, denotes being or */<'i/e of being, or ' i//g' ; 
as, abhor'rewce, state of being abhorrent^ or ab- 
horrz/zg-y adhe're/ice, stickiw^ to, or state of 

being adherent. 

abhor'r^nce, n. 
ab'sence, n. 
ab'stine^Jce, n. 
ac'cidence, n. 
adhe'vence, n, 
af'Quencej n. 
antece'de?icff, w. 
ap'petewce, w. 
au'dience, w. 
benef'icencv, n. 
benev'ole?zce, w. 
ca'de/zcg, «. 
circum'fere?iC£', ?«. 
coexist'e/tc^, 7«. 
cohe'rence, 7i. 
coin'cidenc^, ?/. 
com''pete/ice, ??. 
comiTila'cence, n. 
concMx'ience. n. 

def'erencef n. 

deRci'ence, n. 

depend' ence, n, 

dif'ftxence, n. 

diffidence, n. 

dWigence, n. 
conde&cend' encc, n. disobe'diewce, n. 
condo'kwce, n. dh%\\'\ence, n. 

con'ference, n. diver'gence, n. 

con'Rdence, n. effid'ence, n. 

con'^xxence^ n. effluence, n. 

con'gTuence, n. efFul'gence, n. 

con'science, n. el'oquence, n. 

con'sequence, n. em'inence, «. 

consist'ence, m. emer'gence, n. 

con'tinertce, «. equiv'alence, n. 

contin'gence, w. es'sence, n. 

conve'nience, m. eVidezice, «. 

cor'pulence, n. ex'cellence, «. 

correspond'e/ice, ??. ex'igence, n. 
count'erevidewce,«. exist'ence, ?/ 

expe'riewce, n. Slv. 
fraud'ulence, n. 
impa'tience, n. 
im'mine/ice, n. 
im'potence, n. 
improv'idence, n. 
impru'dence, «. 
im'pudencej n. 



inadverl'ence, n. 
in^cidence, n. 
incon'gru^HC^, n. 
'mcon\&'niencej n. 
ixi'digence, n. 
independ'^rtce, n. 
in'dolence, n. 
mduVgence, n. 
inexpe'dience, ". 
inexpe'rienc^, n. 
m'^exence, n. 
in'Ruence, n. 
in'nocence, n. 
hi'&olence, n. 
in%n^ci'ence, n. 
intelligence, n. 
interfe'rence, n. 
ju'risprudewc^, w. 
Wceyice, n, 
magnificeJice, n. 
malev'olejice, «. 
mellifluence, n. 

munificence, w. 
neg'ligence, «. 
nonexist'enee, n. 
nonres'idence, n. 
obe'dience, n. 
occvix'ience, n. 
omuip'ote?icej n. 
omnipres'e/ice, n. 
omnis'cience, n. 
op'ulence, n. 
pa' tie nee, «. 
pen'itence, n. 
pei/manence, n. 
per'tinence, n. 
pes'tilence, n. 
prece'de?ice, ". 
preference, n. 
pre'science, n. 
pres'ence, n. 
prev'alence, n. 
prominence, n. 

prov'idence, n. 
pru'dence, 7i. 
pu'rulence, 7i. 
recur'rence, n. 
reference, n. 
refal'gence, «. 
resjjlend'ence, n. 
res'idence, n. 
resil'ience, ii. 
reV'erence, n. 
sci'ence, n. 
se'quence, n. 
silence, n. Si. v. 
subservience, v. 
subsist'ence, w. 
superintend'ence, n, 
tend'ence, n. 
tru'cule/zce, ??. 
turbulence, n. 
ve'heme?ice, n. 
vi'olence, ». 

Ency, denotes being or state of being, or ' ing' : 
as, cuv'renc^, a runn^'w^, or beiyig current ; de- 
i\cVe?ic7/, a wanting, or being deficient ; con- 
s'lst^enci/, state of being consistent, or standi/?^ 

adbe'renc^, n, 
adja'cenc?/, n. 
advert'enc^, n. 
a' genet/, n. 
ap'petenc?/, n. 
ar'dency, n. 
ascend' ency, u. 
astxin'gency, n. 
clem' ency, n. 
co'gency, n. 

cohe'iency, n. 
com'petenc?/, n. 
compla'cenc^, ?/. 
concur'renc^, n. 
consist' enct/, n. 
contin'gency, n. 
con^e'niency, n. 
cor'pulency, n. 
cxxx'rency, u. 
de'cency, n. 

defici'e^zc^, n. 
depend'e?ic^, n, 
delin'quencz/, n. 
despond'ency, n. 
effuVgency, n. 
effici'ency, n, 
emer'gency, n, 
enVinency, u. 
equiv'alency, u. 
expediency, n. 



ex'igencT/, n. 
ex-pe'dienct/, n. 
flat'ulertcy, n. 
Ru'enci/, n. 
fre'quency, n. 
im'potency, «. 
inVpudenci/, n. 
maAwext'ency, n. 
inap'petencT/j n. 
Sxicdhe'rency, n. 
incom'petenc?/, n. 
inconsist'ewc^j n. 
incon'tinency, n. 
inconve'ni^ncy, «. 
incvLUi'hency, n. 

inde'ce/icy, n. 
independ'e?icy, n. 
in'ddgency, ii. 
inexpe'diewcy, n. 
in'nocencyj n, 
insolvency, n. 
insuffici'e7icz/, ». 
interja'cency, n. 
pen'denci/, ». 
per'tinency, ». 
po'tency, n. 
pres'idewc//, n. 
profici'ewcy, n. 
pyxn'gency, n. 
xtc\xmfhency, n. 

recur rency, n. 
Te'gency, n. 
soVvency, n. 
subser'viency, «. 
sxx^ci'ency, n. 
superem'inency, n. 
superintend'ency, «. 
tend'ency, «. 
transcend'ency, «. 
transpa'rency, n. 
tur'bulertcy, «. 
ux'gency, n. 
vicege'rency, n. 
v'u'uXencyj n. 

EscENCE, denotes state of growing or becoming: 
as, putrej'ce?/cej state of growing or becoming 

acquits c^nc^, «. 
adoles'cence, n. 
cosles'cence, ». 
concxes'cetice, n. 
concuipis'cence, n. 
convales'cence, n. 
effeives'cence, n. 

effiores'cence, n. 
exvibes'cence, n. 
excande^'cerece, n. 
excYes'cence, n. 
iucales'cence, n. 
intvimes'cence, n. 

inyales'cence, n. 
■puhes'cence, n. 
pxxtre s'cence, n. 
qnies'ce?ice, n. 
rexmnis'cence, n. 
turges'cence, n. 

IcE_, denotes the thing done, or thing that : as, 
serVicc, the thing served. 

accom'ph'c^j n. 
advice', n. 
av'arice, n. 
caprice', n. 
cow'ardice, n. 
ere V 'ice, 7i. 

device', n, 
eye'service, n. 
jus'tece, n. 
mal'icc, n. 
no'iice, n. 
no'vice, n. 

police', n. 
poul'tice, 71. 
prac'tice, n. 
prec'ipice, n 
prej'udice, w. & w. 
ser'vice, n. 



Ics, ( Gr.) denotes the doctrine, science, or art of: 
as, eih'ics, the doctrine or science of morality ; 
oeconom'ecjj art o/" managing household affairs. 

diop'tnc5, n. 
eih'ics, n. 
geneth'liac'5, n. 
gnoraon'ics, n. 
hydraulics, n. 
hydrostat'iM, n. 

mathemat'ics, n. 
mechan'iw, n. 
metaphys'ic5, n. 
oeconom'ics, n. 
op'tics, n. 
phon'ics, n. 

phys'ic5, n. 
pneumat'tcSj w. 
politics, n. 
pyrotech'nics, n. 
stat'ics, n. 
tac'tics, w. 

Ion, denotes act of, state of beijig, or ' 2w^' ; as, 
contribu't/ow, the act of contributing or giv^?^g 
together; collis^'o?^, Me act of striking together ; 
subordina'tfo??, state of being subordinate or 
inferior; dissolu'tz'ow, a dissolving, (a loosing 
asunder) ; cohe'sion, a sticking together ; com- 
mo'tioK, a moving together, (a tumult.) 

aberra'tiora, n. asser'tiow, n. 

abstrac'tioTC, f?. associa'tion, n. 

accepta'tiow, «. assump'tio^i, n. 

accumula'tioTi, iu atten'tion, n. 

acquisiti'ow, f». attesta'tion, n. 

ac'tion, n. benedic'ticm, n. 

adapta'tiore, «. benefac'tzo?^, n. 

additi'on, «. causa'tion, n. 

administra'tion, n. cosMii'on, n. 

admis'sion, n. 
adop'tion., n. 
afFec'tion, n. 
aggres'sion, n. 
anima'tJon, n. 
anticipa'tion, n. 
applica'tiori, n. 
apprehen'sion, n. 
approba'tiora, n. 
articula'tion, 7i. 
ascen'sion, n. 

coercion, n. 
cohe'sion, n. 
collec'tiow, 11. 
collisi'ora, n. 
colloca''tio7i, n. 
commo'tion, n. 
conipila'tio?i, n. 
compuFsiort, n. 
concep'tiora, n. 

conjunc'tion., n, 
connex'iow, «. 
contor'tion, n. 
contribu'tion, 11. 
coiitriti'ow, n. 
coriTer'sion, n. 
conv'ic'tion, v. 
convul'sion, n. 
corpora'tiore, «. 
corrup'tion, u. 
cresi'tion, n. 
crucifix'iore, 71. 
decisi'ow, n. 
dedica'tioii, n. 
deflux'ion, n. 
delu'sion, n. 
derisi'ow, n. 
deriva'tjon, «. 

condescen'sio/i, n. descrip'tion, n. 
congrega'U'oH, n. destina'tiort, ti. 



devo'tion, n. 
dicta'tio;i, n. 
dic'don, n. 
dhmnxi'tiori, n. 
dissec'uo«, n. 

tlissen'sio/i, n, 
dissola'tio/ij «. 
dona'tio«, «. 
ebulliti'ow, n. 
editi'o?i, n, 
ejec'tio/i, «. 
elec'tto;i, n. 
elisi'o/i, 11. 
emana'tioM, ». 
emer'sio;i, n. 
emo'tio/i, 7i. 
erup'tio?i, ??. 
exalta'tiort, n. 
examiiia'tio?ij n. 
exclama't iou, «. 
excep'tton, «. 
exhaus'tion, «. 
exhibiti'onj n. 
expan'sio/i, «. 
expecta'tton, n. 
expia'tio/ij n. 
expul'sio^ij «. 
extrac'tiori, n. 
fabrica'ttc/i, 7?. 
fluctua'tiow, n, 
h?Lc'tion, 11. 
fric'tion, n. 
grada'tiore, n. 
habita'tJon, n. 
humilia'tjon, >'. 
imagina'teow, ". 
immer'sion, «. 
impres'sio?i, //. 
indiges'tiora, «. 
infu'sjore, n. 

ix\]ec'iion, n. 
inocula'tioM, n. 
insinua'tion, ii. 
inspec'tton, n. 
inspira'tio?i, ». 
institu'tio?ij u. 
instruc'tio?ij 72. 
inten'tto/ij n. 
inva's^o;^, ?;. 
inven'tton, n, 
invita'tioTi, iu 
justifiica'tiow, n. 
lamenta'tiora, n. 
legisla'tion, n* 
man'sJow, n. 
media'tiouj n. 
medita'dortj 7?. 
meliora'tion, n* 
mis'sio/i, 71. 
mitiga'tiore, n. 
mode^a't^o?^, ». 
mo'tio;i, ?j. 
naviga'tioJij n. 
obliga'tiora, 7?. 
observa'tion, n. 
occa'sJori, 7J. 
occupa'tion, n. 
opera'tiort, 7?. 
oppositi'on, ??. 
ordina'tlo?^, n. 
organiza'tion, h. 
passi'oTi, 7i. 
penetra'tio/i, n. 
pen'sio^, 7e. 
perfec'tiora, n, 
persecu't?*07i, n. 
perspira'tionj n. 
persua'sion, n. 
petiti'o?2, n. 
pollu'tio;i, >». 
popula'tion, n. 

positi'o7i, n. 
precisi'oTi, n. 
preserva'tioTi, n. 
produc'tion, n. 
pronuncia'tton, /» 
propor't«o7ij 11. 
protec'tion, n. 
provisi'oTi, n. 
punctua'tioTi, n. 
putrefac'tioTi, n. 
ramifica'tzora, n. 
rarefac'tioTi, n. 
rebellion, n. 
recep'tiow, n. 
recogniti'o7i, n. 
reconcilia'tioTi, n. 
redemp't^o»^J n. 
reduc'tion, n. 
reflec'tioTi, n. 
reforma'tio^, n. 
regenera't2on, n. 
regula'tto?!, n. 
rela'tiora, u. 
rc\\.gi'on, n. 
renova'tion, n. 
resigna'tio?i, it. 
restric'tio?ij n. 
reten'tion, n. 
retribu'tzoTij n. 
revela'tio7i, n. 
revolu'tioTij n. 
salva'tioTi, n. 
sanctifica'tioji, n. 
sec'tion, n. 
sediti'oTi, n. 
sensa'tioTi, n. 
solu'tio/j, ??. 
specula'tiora, w. 
sta'tion, ?z. 
suboidina'tfo/i; tz. 



sufFoca'tian, n. 
sugges'tio?i, 11. 
suspici'ora, n. 

taxa'tio/i, n. 
termina'tio?z, n. 
io\QXdiiion, n. 

transla'tion, n. 
w'mon, n. 
vaca'tioM, n. 

Ism, (Gr.) denotes state of being, an idiom, or 
doctrine of: as, par'alleli^^w, state of being pa- 
rallel; hat'inism, a Latin idiom; Cal'vini*?«, doc- 
trine of Calvin. 

an eurisOT, n. 
an'glici^/n, n. 
aph'orii'7«, n. 
a/chaism, n. 
armin'iani^/Wj n. 
sJih-Qism, n. 
bap'ti^m, n. 
hax'haxism, n. 
cal'vinism, n. 
cat'echJs/n, n. 
cathol'icism, n. 
chrWtianism, n. 
ci'ii'icism, ru 
de'ism, n. 
des'potism, n. 
eg'ot?5OT, n. 
empir'ici^rw, n. 
ep'icuri^m, n. 
enthu'sia^m, n. 
evan'gelwfn, n. 
fanat'icism, n. 

ga!')ic?5m, n. 
gTce'cism, n. 
heb'raum, n. 
hellenisTHj 7i. 
her'oism, n. 
i^'iotism, n. 
yi'dL&ism, n. 
\a.c'omsm, n. 
lat'infsT??, ?i. 
mag'neti^nij n. 
mech'anis/w, ?i. 
mon'achism, «. 
oxient'slism, ii. 
o&'ira.cism, n. 
pa'ganis???, n. 
par'allelisJWj n. 
paral'ogism, n. 
par'oxy^m, n. 
pa'triotiswi, n. 

plag'iari^jn, n. 
T^le'onasm, n. 
■poVyiheism, n. 
\)usm, n. 
-pnYitanism, n. 
qViV&iism, n. 
rheu'matiswj, n. 

sect'ariswj n. 
sab'bati^m, n. 
scep'ticJAw, n. 
^oVecism, n. 

SOph', 7i. 

syl'logw???, «. 
syn'chron?*???, 7i. 
to'ryisTH, n. 
tri'theisw, n. 
tiufism, n. 
^ffhig'gistn, n. 

paed'obaptism, n. wit'ticism, n. 
-phan'tasm, n. 

Ment, denotes being or state of being, act of, the 
thing that : as, ahase'ment, being abased, or 
state of being abased ; conceal 'w^e?/^, act of con- 
cealing ; refresh'7we?i^, the thing that refreshes, 

abase' men I, v. acconVpamment, n. achiQVt'ment, v. 
ahaiQ'ment, n. accova'p\ishme7it,n. ackwovfV Q^gcmcnt, 

abridge'wiew^, n. nccoM'txement, n. n. 



acquire meni, n. 
acqnh'ment, n. 
adjouni'??2^n/, ;/. 
adjust'»ie?t/, n. 
advance'??2e/i#, n. 
adver'tise7«en^, n. 
ag'grandizemen^, n 
agiee'ment, n. 
2iMiment, n. 
aW.oi'ment, n. 
allure'mew?, n. 
amaze'ment, n. 
araen^'ment, n. 
arciM'&e'ment, n. 
a^axi'ment, n. 
appoint'wejz/, n. 
ax'gnment, n. 
ar'mament, n. 
arrange' me nty n. 
assess'ment, n. 
aston'isliTwen?, ". 
aiorve'ment, n. 
aiiach'menty n. 
attam'ment, n. 
aiig'ment, n. 
aver 'me fit, n. 
han'ishtnent, n. 
blan'dishmeni, ". 
bombard'jw^n^j 71. 
chastise'ment, n. 
coxnman&'ment, n. 
covoxnence'ment, n. 
convxiit'ment, n. 
conceaVment, n. 
conCio\e'ment, n. 
confine'ment, n. 
consign' ment, n. 
content'ment, n. 
die^Xe'ment, n. 
d.enovLnce'ment, n. 
depart'/n^M/, n. 

deport'men^j n. 
detach';«^7i^, n, 
([et'nmentj n. 
da^ctrn'ment, n. 
dispar'agemen^, n. 
Aivorce'ment, n. 
doc'nment, n. 
elope'men^, n. 
embar'rasswjgn/, n. 
embellishwj^n^, n. 
e\xioV\xme7it, n. 
employ'm^n^, n. 
ewcawv^' ment, n. 
enchant'men^, n. 
encour'agenien/, n. 
encroach'm^n^, n. 
endear' ment, n, 
endite'w^«^, n. 
endoT'&e'ment, ??. 
evL^eofl'merd, n. 
enforce'ment, n. 
enfran'chisemen^, « 
engage'ment, 11. 
engross'iTient, n. 
enhance' meni, n. 
enjoy'inentj n. 
enrol'ment, n. 
entan' ^ement, n. 
entertain' ment, n. 
entice'ment, n. 
e(\uvp'ment, n, 
era^-e' ment, n. 
establishm^n/, n. 
excite'ment, «. 
exper'iment, 11. 
^er'ment, n, 
Ar'mament) n. 
frag'fnent, n. 
goy'ernment, n. 
impeach'TOen^j 71. 
imped'im^n^j «. 

ixn-prWonment, n 
iva\>rove'ment, n. 
incite' 7716711, n. 
indict'wjen/, or 
endite'men^, «. 
induce'me7it, «. 
infringe'wj^n/, n. 
ingraft'7ne)it, n 
instaViTient, «. 
integ'nme7it, 71. 
inter'7ne7it, w. 

judg'T7ie7lt, 71. 

Xav'i^hmeTfit, n. 
lig'ament, n. 
\in'ea7ifient, 7i. 
lodge'meni, n. 
man'agement, «. 
meas'ureme«/j n. 
xner'ri7nent, 71. 
xnon'ameTit, n. 
va.o\e'ment, n. 
no\xr'i^7nerd, n. 
nu'trime7it, «. 
or'nament, m. 
■parch' ment, n. 
parliament, ??. 
■pave'ment, n. 
'pay'me7it, w. 
"prefer'mefit, it. 
pMn'i^hmeiit, n. 
r&\'i^hment, ii. 
reconcile' meyit, n. 
re^ne' meyit, Jt. 
reimburse'men^j n. 
renounce' 7716 Tit, n. 
resent'ment, n. 
xetire'me7it, n. 
retrench' me7it, ??. 
r\x'dinie7it, «. 
&a'cra7nent, n. 
secure'ment, ?», 



sed'imeni, n. 
^en'iiment, ii. 
set'tlemen/, n. 

tem'peram^/i^, n. 
ten'ementy n. 
tes'tament, n. 

tor'ment, n. 
tresit'meni, n. 

MoNY, denotes the state of being, or thing that 
as, ac'nmoni/, stale of being sharp. 

acrimony, n. 
aVimont/, n. 

■aiai'x'imony, n, 
par'simo/i?/, ii. 

T^ai'ximony, n. 
fianc'timo7iy, n. 
te^'timonyj n. 

Ory, denotes the place where^ or thing that : as, 
depos'itory, the place where any thing is depo- 
sited or lodged ; vsxQva'ory, the thing or power 
that calls to mind ; dor'mitorj/, a place to sleep 

ap'plicato?7/j n. & a. inteiloc'utorj/, n. pillory, n. 

dr'mory, n. Sl a. prom'ontory, n. 

an'ditory, ti. &. a. inter'rogatory, n. -puVgatory, n,- 

con&Wtory, n. & a. repos'itory, n. 

depos'i tory, n. in'ventory, n. reser'vatory, n, 

direc'tory, n. ju'dicatory, n. sen'sory, or 

dispen'sator^/, n. lab'orato^'y, n. sensoVit*m, n, 

dor'niitory, n. mem'ory, n. sup'pletory, n. 

tac'tory, n. ohsex'vatory, n. ter'ritory, n. 

his'toryj n, oi'atory, n. vic'tory, w. 

TUDE, or UDE, 

as, TCiuVtitude, 
being anxious. 

tiVtUude, n. cras'&itude, n. grat'itude, n. 

aui'^litude, n. Aecxe^'itude, n. hah'itude, n. 

SP^'tUude, n. des'ue/«Je, n. inep'ti/wt/g, n. 

at'titiidej n. disquietude, n. \ngrat'\tude, n. 

heat'ittide, «. dissimil'i/?if/6', ». inqui'etude, n. 

con'^WQtude, n. ^ox'iitude, n. las'aUudef n. 

denotes bei7ig or state of being : 
being many ; soMc' itiide, state of 



lat'itudc, n. 
lon'giiude, n. 
ma.<;'nUu(le, ?'. 
muVtitude, n. 
"plen'if ude, n. 

promp'ti^wrf^, w. 
qni'etude, n. 
rec'titude, n. 
ser'xitude, n. 
simiVitude, n. 

solic'itude, n. 
soViiude, n. 
tox'pitude, n. 
tur'pifwcfe, ". 
vicis'si^wrf^, n. 

Tv, denotes being or state of being : as, brev'i/?/, 
a being short or concise ; lax'i/j/, a being loose ; 
nov^eUi/, state of being new, (or unknown before) •. 
probabiFi/y, state of being probable. 

abil'i/y, n. 

absurd'i/y, n. 

a,ciWity, n. 

adver'si^y, n. 

afFabil'i/^, n. 

ambigu'i/yj n. 

Bxa'ity, n. 

animos'i^y, n. 

antiq'ui/y, n. 

sxi-Ki'etyj n. 

assidu'i^y, n. 

benig'ni;?/, n, 

brev'i^y, n. 

calam'!/?/, n. 

capabil'i^y, n. 

CApac'liy, n. 

captiv'i^y, n. 

cas'ual^y, n. 
cav'ity, n. 
chas'ti^?/, n. 
christian'!;^, n. 
cWA'ity, n. 
conform 'j^^, n. 
contigu'iti/, n. 
con\\n\)t'\ty , n. 
cordial'!/^, ii, 
credibil'i/y, n. 
credu'li^^j n, 
eru'el^y, n. 

curios'i^y, n. 
decliv'ii?/, n. 
deformity, n, 
de'ity, n. 
den^sity, n. 
deprav'if^, n. 
dexter'ity, ii. 
difficult?/, n. 
dig'nity, n. 
diver'si^y, n. 
diviu'i/y, n. 
divisibil'i^y, n. 
docil'i^y, n. 
durabiri^y, n. 
en'mi^y, n. 
equanim'i^^j n. 
eq'ui^?/, n. 
eter'ni;^, n. 
facil'i/^, n. 
fecundity, n. 
felic'i^?/, n. 
fertil'i^^, n. 
festiv'i^«/, n. 
fidel'ityj n. 
fluid'i^y, n. 
formal'i^yj ii. 
frail'^y, n, 
frater'ni^y, 72. 
futu'ri/y, n. 

gai'ety, n. 
general'i^y, n. 
generos'ily, n. 
gTa\'ity, n. 
hostil'i^y, n. 
human'i/y, n. 
h.\xm\Vity, n. 
idew'tiiy, n. 
illiberal'i^y, n. 
imbecil'i^y, n. 
immortari^y, *i. 
iminutabiri^^', n. 
impetuos'i^2/, n. 
impu'ni/^, n. 
impu'ri/^, n. 
incongrii'i/y, n. 
inequal'i;?/, n. 
infirm'i^y, n. 
inflexibil'i^y, n. 
ingenuity, n. 
instabil'iify, n. 
intrepid'i^y, 71. 
irrationari/y, n. 
lax'i/y, n. 
lepal'i/y, 11. 
\ii\'ity, 71. 
lih' evty, n. 
\ocaVity, n. 
longev'i^y, n. 



loy'al^y, n. 
magnanim'i^y, ?i 
matu'ri^y, n. 
mobrl'i^^, n. 
moral'i/^, n. 
nativ'i/y, n. 
neces'si/^, n. 
neutrari^y, n. 
ni'ceti/, 11. 
nobiri^^, n. 
uov'elty, 71. 
obscu'ri^y, n. 
partiaVi^y, n. 
pa.u'citi/y 71. 
peculiar'i/y, 7u 
penetrabiVi^y, 7i. 
perpetu'i/t/, 7i. 
perplex 'i^?/, ti. 
pi'e^«/, n. 
plen7^, ?z. 
plural'i/^, 71. 
popular'i^^, n. 
possibil'i/y, 71. 
poster'i^y, 7i. 
pov'er/y, w. 

probabiri^y, n. 
prob'i/y, w. 
propen'si/y, ?i. 
propri'e/^, «. 
prosper'! /y, 7i. 
proxim'i^y, 7i. 
pu'ber^y, 71. 
pueril'i/«/, n. 
pusillanim'i^^, 7i. 
rapac'i/?/, w. 
rapid'i/y, «. 
rar'i^y, 7i. 
regular 'i^y, ?2. 
roy'aU^, n. 
rustic'i/y, w. 
safe7^/, n. 
sagac'i/y, n. 
salu'bri^^, 7i. 
scrupulos'i^^, 71. 
secu'ri/^, 7i. 
sensibil'i/t/, 7i. 
servil'i^?/, 7i. 
sever'!^^, w. 
similar'i/^j n. 
simplic'i/^, w. 

sobriety, n. 
socVtiy, 71. 
solid'i^</, 71. 
spiritual'i^y, n. 
spontane'l/^j ra. 
sublimity, n. 
superior'! /y, ?i. 
suscept!b!ri^«/j n. 
sincer'!/^/, «. 
singular'!/^/, «. 
tim!d'i/?/, 7i. 
tranqu!ri!^y, 7i. 
trin'!^y, 7i. 
unanim'!/y, 7i. 
unifomi'i/y, n. 
virhaxi'ity, 7i. 
util'!^^, 71. 
valid'!^y, n. 
vaxi'ity^ 71. 
vari'e/y, «. 
veloc'i^y, n. 
verac'i^^, w. 
vicin'!^i/, w. 
v!tal'!^y, 71. 
vivac'i/y, w. 

Ure_, denotes the thing, stale, power, or art of: 
as, scrip't2/re, the thing written ; crea't^^re, the 
thing created ; leg'islat7/rej the j^ower that makes 
laws ; ag'ricultwrc, the art of cultivating fields. 

arch'itectwrej w. 
cap'twre, 71. 
cindiure, n. 
complex'wr^, n. 
compo'sz^re, n. 
compres'swre, 7i. 

crea'twre, w. 
cul'trnr, ?2. 
cur'vatwr^j w. 
depar'twre, 7l. 
disclo'swre, 7i. 
discom'fitwr^, 7i. 

expo'swre, 7i. 
fea'ture, w. 
&g'u7-e, n. 
fix'twre, w. 
fis'swrc, 71. 
frdc'ture, n. 

conjec't«?r, «. & r. d!scompo'si<re, n. ixxx'iAture, n. 

conjunc'twr^, n. displeas'tir^", 7i. {u'ixii^e, n. & a. 

contcx'tMjr, ti. eKclo'swre, n. gar'nitwr^, 7i. 

F 2 



hor'ticultiir^;, )i. 
impos'tnre, ?i. 
iuden'twr^, 7i. 
intermix'tMr^, ?i. 
intevtex'ture, ii. 
inves'titMre, n. 
junc't?^re, n. 
ju'dicat7/r^, n. 
lec'tM?-^, n. &iv. 
leg'islatwr^, n. 
lig'atwr^, n. 
Mt'txdXure, n. 
manufac'tit7*6?, n. 
naeas'ure, ii. & u. 
min''ej Ji. 

moWture, n. 
mx'turey n, 
nur'tz^r^, ?». & u. 
o'sQxiure^ n. 
pas'tMr^, n. & ^J. 
pic'ti^r^, n. & i>. 
pleas'wr^, «. 
'poWture, 11. 
pres'sMre, ?«. 
primogen'iti^r^, n. 
\>\xnc'ture, n. 
raY>'ticre, n. 
ra'sure, n. 
rup'tM?-^, n. 
scrip'ture, n. 
sculp'twr^, 71. & V. 

^c'lz'ure, n. 
sep'ultw?T, n. 
sig'natiire, n. 
sta'twre, n. 
^tTic'ture, 71. 
struc'twr^, 7i. 
superstruc'tMr(?, ?i. 
tem'peratwr^j re. 

tex'tifr^j 71. 
tinc'twre, w. & y. 
tor'twre, n. & v. 
treas'ure, ti. & v. 
ver'dure, 7i. 
wes'ture, n. 

Yj * denotes the being, slate of being, or ' ing' : 
as, har^iiorij/, the being harmonioas ; jeal'ousj^, 
the being ]e2i\o\xs, ov state of being jealous ; con'- 
stancy, a standing together, or state of being 

a'eromancy, 7j. 
ag'ony, n. 
allegory, ?7. 
an'archy, 7i. 
anat'omy, n. 
autip'ath^/j n. 
ap'athy, Ti. 
ap'oplexy, 7i. 
apos'tas^/, ?i. 
aristoc'racy, 7i. 
astron'om^, n. 
big'amy, 7i. 
biog'raphy, ti. 
bot'anyj Ti. 
cliir'omanc^/, tj. 
cler'gv/, 71. 

colloquy, n. 
con'stanc?/, ?i. 
con'troversy, n. 
cosmog'raphy, 7i. 
deliv'ery, 7i. 
democ'racy; n. 
des'tiny, n. 
discov'ery, n. 
dys'entery, n. 
econ'omj/, or 
oecon'omy, tz. 
en'ergy, 7i. 
ep'ilepsy, n. 
etymol'ogy, 7i. 
eu'phonT/, 7i. 
flat'tery, ti. 

geneal'ogy, Ti. 
geog'raphy, 7i. 
geol'ogT/, Ti. 
geom'etry, ji. 
har'mony, Ti. 
his'tor?/, Ti. 
hon'esty, Ti. 
hypoc'risy, ti. 
ichthyoph'ag^j Ti. 
id'ioc^/, Ti. 
jearousT/, Ti, 
inaj'esty, 7i 
mas'tery, Ti 
mem'ory, Ti. 
mer'cy, Ti. 
mis'cellany, Ti. 

* The «to)-r7s ill which this (ermination is found, are chiefly of Greek 
and Latin origin. 



mod'est^, n. 
mon'archy, n. 
monog'amy, n. 
nec'romancy, n. 
origarchy, n. 
ornithol'ogy, n. 
or'thodox^/, n. 
philan'thropy, 71. 
philos'ophy, n. 

pol'icv/, n. 
polyg'amy, n. 
pres'byter?/, n. 
prog'eny, n. 
proph'ecy, n. 
scru'tiny, n. 
se'creci/, 11. 
smitWy, n. 
solil'oqu^/, n. 

syin'paUi?/, u. 
theoc'racy, 11. 
theog'ony, n. 
theol'ogy, 71. 
topog'raphy, n. 
trig'onometryj n. 
tyr'aun?/, n. 
villany, n. 

The Suhstanlive of the Thing. 

(Fi'om the Saxon.) 

DoM, (domuSf f. a house),, signifies the place 
where, or rank of: as, ]^\ugdoin, the place 
where a king reigns ; dukeVow, the rank oj' a 
duke, (or possession of a duke.) 

chris'tenc^om, n. 
duke'cfo/n, n, 
caxl'dom, n. 
fvQc'dom, 7». 

kingfdom, n. 
uxar'tyTdom, n. 
peex'dom, n. 
pope'c?om, n. 

princedom, n. 
aheriWdom, n. 
thral'c/o?n, 71. 
wh'dom, 7i. 

Hood, denotes the state of: as, hoy'hood, the. 
state of a. boy. 

hoy'hood, n. 
broth'er/ioorf, 7i. 
chxYAfhood, n. 
falseViooc?, 71. 

knight'^oo(i, n. 
like'li/ioof/, «. 
live'li/ioo6^, 71. 
man'hood, w. 

nei'ghbour^oof/, 71. 
•priest' hood, n. 
sis'terhood, 71. 
vAd'owhood, n. 

Ness, denotes a being or state of being, or qnalili, 
of being: as, bar'renwe^*, a being barren ; bles- 
sedness, state of being blessed ; soft'^e^-.v, the qua- 
lity of being soft. 

s.c\xtQ'iiess, n. agree'ableness, 71. a.\w'f\Aness, n. 

afr?cl'cd?irss, 71. atten'tivencss, ?i. hvA'ness, n. 



bar'renne^s, n. 

base'/iess, n. 

h'v^'ness, n. 

hXack'ness, n. 

hleak'ness, n, 

hles'sedness, 7i. 

hlmd'?iess, n. 

bold'ness, n. 

boun'tifulne55, n. 

hriei'ness, n. 

hw^'inesSy n. 

care'fulness, n. 

carelessness, n. 

cheaip'iiess, n. 

c\\\\d'i^\mess, n, 

clean'ness, n. 

cleanliness, n. 

close'ness, n. 

cold'nessj n. 

comeliness, n. 

conceit'edness, n. 

confu 'sadness, n. 

contract'edness, n. 

cool'ness, n. 
coVardli/iess, n. 
crit'icalncss, n. 
crook 'edn ess, n. 
dark'7tess, n. 
dead''?iess, n. 
deafness, n. 
decisive'ness, «. 
deep'ness, n, 
devo''ted?iess, n. 
dirtiness, n. 
diz'zin ess, «. 
doubleness, n. 
dread'fuln ess, n. 
drunk'enness, ii. 
ea'sin ess, «. 
earth l?iess, n. 
earthli nesjf, n. 

enip'tiness, n. 
expen'siveness, n. 
exten'siveness, n. 
faith'fulness, n. 
faultlness, «. 
fearlessness, «. 
feel)lenes5, n. 
fierce'?iess, n. 
filthlness, n. 
fine'ness, «. 
firm'ness, n. 
fix'edness, n. 
foolishness, n. 
fond'?2ess, n. 
forgive'ness, n. 
hsSVness, n. 
frank'ness, n. 
frantic'ness, n. 
friendli?2ess, n. 
ful'ness, n. 
gen'tleness, w. 
gen'uineness, n. 
gid'diness, n. 
glad'7iess, n. 
gloonil?iess, n. 
godliness, n. 
goodliness, n. 
good'ness, n. 
grace'fuln ess, n. 
gree'diness, n. 
guiltiness, n. 
hand'someness, n. 
hap'piness, n. 


hard'ness, n. 
harsh'n ess, n. 
heav'iness, n. 
heedlessness, n. 
hau'ghtiness', n. 
l!oli72ess, n. 

homeliness, n. 
hmnl)leness, n. 
i'dleness, n. 
ill'ness, n. 
inquisltivenes5, n. 
insipidness, n. 
joy'fulness, 7i. 
keen'ness, n. 
kind'ness, ti. 
law^fulness, n. 
la'ziness, w. 
levfd'ness, »i. 
like'ness, n. 
lit'tleness, n. 
loath'someness, n. 
loveli/zess, n. 
lustiness, n. 
mad'ness, n. 
manliness, w. 
mean'ness, w. 
meek 'ness, w. 
mild'ness, w. 
mind'fulne«s, n. 
mis'erableness, n. 
mor'bidness, w. 
nalcedness, w. 
nau'ghtiness, n. 
nol)leness, n. 
numb'wess, w. 
offen'sivenesSj n. 
pas'sive ness, «. 
peace'ableness, n. 
plain'ness, n. 
plenlifvilness, n. 
polite'nesj, n. 
polluledness, n. 
posltiveness, ti. 
prepa'redness, n. 
profane'ness, n. 
prone'n ess, 9i. 
quick'ne«s, n. 



vetp'idness, n. 
reck'leasness, n. 
red'neas, n. 
remiss'ne*^, n. 

reser'vedTig^s, n. 

xi^&'ness^ n. 
voi'tenness, n. 
xu^'gedinessj n. 
ssi'cx&diness, n. 
^i^A'ness, n. 
^axne'ness, n. 
sau'cine**, n. 
sea'sonablen^55j n. 
self ishnes^j n. 
sharp'^e*5, n. 

short- sight'ednew, 
sick'ness, n. [??. 
sin'fab3e55, n. 
^\.n'g\<tiiess, 11. 
sleeiViness, n. 
^\oi\\'^\x\ness, n. 
sol)er?zc5S, 11. 
&o\'idness, n. 
sox'didjiess, n. 
sownd.'nes6, iu 
stta.d.'iness, n. 
stiff'ness, n. 
submis'sivene55, 11. 
snii'ableness, n. 
t(tr'x\h\Qness, n. 
ihick'riess, n. 
tire'somewe**, n. 

iXUQ'7l€SS-, n. 

vLglinesS) n. 
unexpect'ed/z^ss, n. 
u^c'inhiess, n. 
vsi'xiBhlQness, n. 
yUe'iiess, n. 
waxm'ness, n. 
v/atch'ful?zei"s, 71. 
weak'fiess, n. 
"wea'xiness, n, 
wea,'xisomeness, n. 
\Y\\itQ'ness, n. 
viWkQdness, n. 

Wil'ful«e4'5, 71. 

w\\.'\\ng7iessj n. 
\wox\d'\\iiesSj n. 
yfoxCrx'iness, w. 
\vorthless7i£'ss, n. 
wretch'edries^, n. 

Ry,* denotes a being, the art of, the place where: 
as, hrsi'xei'y, a being brave ; cas'uistr^r, the art 
or science of a. casuist ; nux'&ery, the place ivherc 
young children or trees are reared. 

artil'ler^, ii. 
big'otr?/j 11. 
bra'ver^, n. 
bri'bery, ?^. 
bufFoon'er?/, 71. 
car'pentj-y, w. 
cav'alry, 7i. 
cau'tery, n. 
ceiii'eter^/j n. 
chan'cer?/, n. 
chica'ne?•^/, n. 
chym''istj'7/5 or 
chem'is^r^, n. 

coVlier^, n. 
cook'er^, 71* 
dra'pe?'?/, 7i. 
effroa'terj/, n. 
embroi'de?'^, : 
fi'ner?/, n. 
Rsh'ay, 71. 
for'ge?-?/, 71. 
foundV?/, 71. 
{xuit'eri/, n. 
gdi\'\&niry, n, 
gen' try, 7i. 
gio'ccry, 71. 

gun nery, 7i. 
house'wifer?/, or 
hi;s'wifer2/, 7i. 
hus'bandr?/, n. 
im'agej'y, 7i. 
kna'ver?/, n. 
laun'd?'?/, 7t. 
machin'er^/, 71. 
mer'cer?/, n. 
midVifery, 71. 
miriinery, 7i. 
mock'ery, n. 
nion'aste?-^, 71. 

* In the examples of i-y, some arc of Saxoii, some Greek, some of Latin) 
and some of French origin. 



pleas'antr?/, n. 
])o'etry, n. 
po'perA/, n. 
railler?/, n. 
rev'elr?/, n. 
ri'valr?/, n. 
ro'gueri/, n. 
sla'ver^j n. 

sopli'istr?/, n. 
soT'cery, n. 
sur'gery, n. 
treach'er?/, n. 
u'sur//, n. 
ves'try, n. 
yeo'manry, ». 

ce of, state of: as, rec'torskip, 
; copart'iiership, state of having 

mys'ter?/, n. 
na'pery, n. 
niirs'er//, n. 
or'rery, n. 
pag'eantry, «. 
pa'str?/, w. 
peas'anl?-?/, n. 
ped'antr?/, n. 

Ship, denotes o^ 
0^06" o/'a rector 
equal shares. 

a})pren'tice57iJjo, 7i. 
bach'elor^Ai/), n. 
can'onship, n. 
Cdqt'isXnship, n. 
cen'soxship, n. 
chaiT'cellorsAijo, n. 
chaip^ainshipy n. 
c\exk' ship, n. 
controllors/%ij9, n. 
C0Y>art'^ner ship, n. 
coMxi'^eWor ship, n. 
couYt'ship, n. 
dea'conship, n. 
dicta'tOK^fjt>, n, 

T, * denotes a thing, a being : as, gift, a thing 
given ; height, a being high. 

exec'utor^Aijo, w. 
ieVlo^ship, n. 
friend'* Aip, n. 
gnai'dLianship, n. 
hardi'ship, n. 
horse'man^Ai^, n. 
la'dyship, ii. 
Weuten'antship, n. 
lord' ship, n. 
jyart'iiership, n. 
jtrofes'sor ship, n. 
rec'torship, n. 
ri'valship, n. 

^choVarship, n. 
sec'retaryship, n. 
seT'geantship, n. 
sher'iffi^ijs, n. 
soVdiership, n. 
son' ship, 71. 'ardship, n. 
sure'tiship, n. 
survey' orship, n, 
town'ship, n. 
\V car ship, n. 
"work'manshij), n» 
'waxd'ship, 7i. 

assault', n. & v. cleft, p. & n. 

bereft', p. 
bought, p. 
brought, p. 
bull/, p. 
burn/, p. 
check/?, ?). 

complain/', n. 
conceit', 7i. 
constrain/', w. 
cre-pt, p. 
deceit', 7i. 
desert', 7i. 

draft, n. 
draught, n. 
dream/, p. 
drough/, n. 
dwel/, p. 
iavXt, 71. 
f'el/^ p. 

* The termination t, is a contraction of ed, t!ie sigji of the past parti- 
ciple : as, assault, assailerf ; bereft, bereaved ; bought, buyed ,• brought, 
bringfd/ buiU, builded ; gifA, gived. 



fought, p. 
gift, n. 
gilt, n. & p. 
gixt, n. 
heigh/, 71. 
kep/, p. 
join/, n. 
left, a. & p. 
mix/, jo. 
pas/, jo. & a. 
por'trai/, «. 

post scrip/, « 
pre'cep/, 7Z. 
pursui/', w. 
receip/', 7i. 
re'scrip/, ?i. 
restrain/', n. 
rift, 71. & u. 
sigh/, n. 
slep/, jo. 
snatch/, p. 
sough/, p. 
sui/, n. &, V. 

taugh/, p. 
ten/, n. 
theft, w. 

though/, m. & p. 
thrift, n. 
tran'scrip/, n. 
weft, n. 
weigh/, w. 
wep/, p. 
whip/, jo. 
wrough/, p. 
wri/, n. & jo. 

Th, * denotes a being : as, length, a being long ; 
youth, a being young; growth, a being grown. 

hixth, n. 
bread /7i, n. 
dear//*, tt. 
dea//i, n. 
dep//i, n. 
f\\th, n. 

growth, n. 
heal/A, n. 
leng//i, n. 
mirth, n. 
sloth, n. 
steal//^, n. 

strength, n. 
truth, n. 
wealth, n. 
warmth, n. 
wiAth, n. 
youth, n. 

2. To Adjective'} 

Ac, signifies of or belongi?ig to: as, demo'nifl'c, 
belojiging to the devil. 

proso'diac, a. elegi'crc, a. h}qDOchon'drif/c, a. 

car'diac. a. demo'niac, a. Sen. 6i ii. 

* Th is perhaps another form of the past participle, the h being a eu- 
phonic letter : as, b'nth isbor», brcaiU/i is broadt'd, dear^A isdearet/, (lea</i 
IS di«d or dead, depW* is de^iied. 



AcEous, denotes of or consisting of\ like or re- 
sembling : as^ QeUi'ceous, of the whale kind ; 
covWceoiis, consisting of, or rcsemhling leather.. 

sxena'ceoiis, a. 
sxg,\\\a'ceons, a. 
arundina'ccoJi^, a. 
hwVoa'ceous, a. 
hxxtyra'eeous, a. 
Civ^iWa'ceous, a. 
ceta'ceoiis, a. 
chyla'ceous, a. 
cona'ceousj a. 

creta'ceous, a. 
CTUsta'ceous, a. 
faha'ceoiis, a. 
furina'ceoiis, a. 
RWceous, a. 
folia'ceous, a. 
furfura'ceoM5, a. 
lieder«'ccoui', a. 
hcxha'ceons, a. 

m^va'ceoiis, a. 
papiliona'ceoMS, a, 
Yioma'ceous, a. 
■poiTa'ceovs, a. 
•preda'ceous, a. 
taipona'ceous, a. 
aeta'ceous, a. 

Al^-ical, denotes of, belonging, relating or per^ 
iai}nng to, bejitting or beconiiug : as, ^Vial, be^ 
longing to, or beetling a son ; xer'ual, relating 
to the spring ; botan'icrtZ, relating to botany or 
herbs ; uaxi'Ucal, jJertaining to sailors or ships ; 
pater'nrt/, bejitting or becoining a father. 

academ'ica/j a. 
ae'ria/, a. 
ag'imnal, a. 
allegor'ica/, a. 
a.Tialyt'ical, a. 
anaiom'ical, a. 
an'imal, a & n. 
an'nual, a. 
armen'to/, a. 
artifici'a/; a. 
as'tral, a. 
astronom'ica/j a. 
atheh'tical, a. 
autum'nal, a. 
heuefici'al, a. 
biblioth'eca/, a. 
ho'real, a. 
hGt?.n'icaI, a. 

brach'ia/, a. 
bru'ma/, a. 
canon'ical, a. 
cap'ita?, a. & n. 
car'nal, a. 
cas'ual, a. 
can'^ul, a. 
celes'tia/, a. 
cer'\ical, a. 
chronolog'jca/j a. 
clas'sJca^, a. 
clev'lcul, a. 
co'e'xal, a. 
colle'gia/, a, 
cov/ju gal, a. 
connu'bift/, a. 
cor'diaZ, a. & n. 
cos'tal, a. 

CTVi'ial, a. 
cu'neal, a. 
decen'mal, a. 
dec'iraa/, a. 
deh'tical, a. 
den'tal, a. 
diahol'ical, a. 
diur'na/, a. 
dog mat 'ice/, a. 
dw'al, a, 
ecdesias'ticrt^, a. 
ephem'era/, a. 
equinoc'tia/, a. 
equiv'oca/, a. 
ethe'rea/j a. 
tth'ical, a. 
etyxnolog'ical, a, 
fanat'icaly a. 



fa,'tal, a. 
fed'eral, a. 
fem'ora/, «. 
fil'ia/, a. 
fi'na/, a. 
flo'ra/j a. 
t'vatei'nal, a. 
geograiph'ical, a. 
gmmmat'tcal, a. 
gut'tura/, a. 
heret'ical, a. 
histoT'ical, a. 
hodier'naZ, a. 
ho'ial, a. 
hn'meval, a. 
hn'moral, a, 
hymene'al, a. 8l n. 
iden'tica/, a. 
inim'ical, a. 
judici'a/, a. 
jurid'ica/, a. 
la'bia/, a. 
lac'tea/, a. 
lat'era/j «. 
le'gal, a. 
levit'ical, a. 
lui'eal, a. 
lit'ero/j a. 
lo'cal, a. 
log'ica/, ct. 
loy'al, a. 
man'ua/, «. &. n. 
max'ital, a. 
xnaT/tial, a. 
mater'nal, a. 
matheinat'ica/, a. 
mat'xonal} a. 

med'ical, a. 
ment'al, a. 
milleii'iiift^, a. 
min'er«/, a. Si. n. 
mor'al, a. & n. 
mor'ta/, a. & n. 
mu'ral, a. 
nni'sica/, a. 
na'yaA a. 
im'LuI, a. 
na'tiona/, a. 
nat'ura?, a, 
na'val, a. 
nau'iical, a. 
nevitxal, a. & n, 
nocivLx'naly a. 
nom''ina/, a. 
no'tiona/j a. 
iwxxmx'ical, a. 
nup'tia/, a. 
offici'a/, a. 
O'p^dcal, a. 
o'xaly a. 
oxien'ialj a. 
o'val, a. 
paren'ta/, a. 
paro'chia/j a. 
par'tia^, a. 
pas'chtt/, a. 
pas'torfi/, a. 
pater'na/, «. 
pec'tina/, a. 
pec'tora/, a. 
pe'da/, a. 
-^o/nal, a. 
period'ica/, a. 
per'sonc/, a. 

philolog'ica/, n. 
philosoph'ica/, a. 
phys'ica/, a. 
polit'ica/, a. 
prac'tica/, a. 
xad'kal, a. &. n 
rati'ona^, a. 
xe'-^al, a. 
xoy'al, a, 
xu'xal, a. 
satix'ical) a, 
scxn'inal, a, 
sen'suw/j a. 
so'cia/, a. 
sophis'te'ca/j a. 
speci'a/, a. 
spiritual, a, 
syllab'ictt/, a. 
syxoboVicalj a, 
tech'nic«/, a. 
tem'pora/, a. 
terres'trio/, a. 
i\ieo\og' teal, a. 
theoret'ica/j a. 
to'taly a. 
txag'ical, a. 
triv'ifl^, a. 
triuniph'a/, a. 
typ'ical, a. 
typo^'raph'ica/, a. 
u'sua/, a. 
ve'nia/, «. 
vexloal, a. 
ver'na/, a. 
vis'uc/, a. 
vVtal, a. 
vo^calj a. 



An, signifies beloiiging, relaWig, 
as, hix'ma?!, belonging to man 
lating to noon or mid-day 

agra'rian, a. 
antediluVian, a. 
antemerid'ia«, a. 
antichris'tia«, a. 
atrabila'ria?2, a. 
bacchanalian; a. 
barba''^ia;^, a. 
censo'rian, a. 
ceru'leawj a. 
chris'tiaw, a. &.n. 
columna''riaft, a. 

eques'tria?z, a. & w 
europe'a7ij a. & n. 
fns'tian, a. & n. 
gaVlicaii, a. 
gre'cia)i, a. 
guax'dian, a. & n. 
hor'tula/i, a. 
hn'man, a. 
hymene'a?!, a. San, 
hyperbo'reott, a. 
mXwx'man, a. 

corpuscula'iiaH, a. mecliterra''ne«?2, a. 

cosmoporitan, a. mericl'ia?z, a. & n. 

Sl n. metroporitara, a. 
demo'nia/2, a, & n. 

dilu'vian, a, or'phan, a. &. n. 

discipliria'rian, a. pa'gare, a. & n. 

Si n. patrici'aw, a. & n. 

elys'iaw, a. per'siaw, a. & n. 

epicu're««, a. & n. plebei'an, a. & n. 

episcopa'lian, a. postdilu'vian, a. 

& n. postmcrid'ian, a. 

or pertaining to 
: raerid'iflw, re- 

presbyte'rian, a. 

& 71. 

preto'riara, a. 
pygme'awj a. 
quotid'ian, a. 
republican, a. & n 
ruffian, a. «& n. 
satur'nian, a. 
senato'ria^i, a. 
sil'van, or 
syl'van, a. 
subterra'uean, a. 
suburlx/n, a. 
styg'ian, a. 
tarta'rean, a. 
ier'iian, a. 
trid'ua?/, a. 
unchris'tian, o. 
valetudina'rian, a. 

& n. 
vet'eran, a. & n. 

Ant, * signifies being, or ' ing' : as, abun'da;?^, 
abounding; dor'ma/?^, sleep?;?^/ pleas'flw^, 

abun'dan^, a. accoT'dant, a. ciVterant, a. 

* The termination * ant,' is merely the sign of the iMtin present parti- 
ciple of the first conjugation, as ' enf is as evidently of the second or third. 
The corresponding affixes of the substantive of the thing,— omop, anci/ ,- 
ence, ency, — are clearly of the same origin, the t being changed into c. 

All these tei-minatiorts are therefore best explained by the English par- 
ticiple in ' ing', from which several nouns and adjectives are formed : such 
as, bleeding-, fishing, pleading-, readi«^, watching-, &c. ; divergiw^, heal- 
ing, leadiwg-, obliging, striking, &c. 



ar'rogaw/, a. 
assai'lant, a. & 7i. 
assis'tan^j a. & n. 
atten'dani, a. & n 
atten'aant, a. 
hidlliant, a. &. n. 
\iu.oy'ant, a. 
complaisaw/', a. 
compli'an^, a 
concom''ita?i;, a. 
concox' (\.ant, a. 
congraX' \x\ant, a. 
con'^onant, a. Sen. 
consoVidant, a. 
conspi'ran^j a. 
con'statil, a. 
contra'nant, a. 
con'\ersa7it, a. 
corrob'oran^, a. 
cox'vugant, a. 
coTus'canf, a. 
depen'dan^, a. & n. 
discor'da?2^j a. 
dis'crepan^, a. 
dis'putara^, a. & n. 
dh'sonant, a. 
dWiant, a. 
doxn'mant, a. 
dox'raant, a. 
e\.'egant, a. 
em'sinant, a. 
equipon'deraw^, a. 
ex'xant, a. 
exor'bita/z/, a. 
ex-pec'tant, a. & n. 
exsic'cant, a. 
ex'tant, a. 
extYixv'iigaiit, a. 

exuljeratit, a. 
fla'gron/, a. 
fluc'tuan/j a. 
. fxa'gxant, a. 
fuVminant, a. 
gaVlaiit, a. 
ig'noYant, a. 
impor'ta?i/, a. 
inces'sant, a. 
in'dicani, a. 
indig'nan^, a. 
in'stant, a. & n. 
insin'uaw^, a. 
intol'eraw^j a. 
h'erani, a. 
itin'eraw^, a. 
jubilant, a. 
Wtxanf, a. 
le\ant', a. & n. 
luxu'rian^, a. 
malig'rianf, a. Sen 
men'dican^, a. & n. 
miritflfw^, a. 
min'istra?^^, a. 
mit'igani, a. 
mor'dicant, a. 
iia'tatit, a. 
ohaex'vatit, a. & w. 
op'exant, a. 
os,'citant, a. 
■paxtic'iixint, a. 
■pec'cani, a. 
'pen'etTant, a. 
'pex'meaiit, a. 
■perseve'ia7ii, a. 
-pet'ulant, a. 
piq'u«?/^, a. 
pleas'aw/, a. 

■pVi'atit, a. 
■poVgnant, a. 
precip'itaji/, a. 
pxeg'nant, a. 
■pxoc'ieanf, a. 
prot'estan^, a. & n. 
protu'beraw^, a. 
■puis'sani, a. 
pursu'a;i^, a. 
xa'diantj a. 
rava'pant, a. 
redun'dara^, a. 
xefrig'exant, a. 
xeg'nant, a. 
reVeyant, a. 
reluc'tan^, a. 
xepent'ant, a. 
xepug'nant, a. 
res'onan^j a. 
rever^bera/i^, a. 
, To1a7it, a. 
ru'minare^, a. 
sat'uran^, a. 
se'cant, a. 
seui'hlant, a. 
sib'ila?i/, a. 
significant, a. 
stag'na7it, a. 
superflu'itoj;/, a. 
sup'pliarj.^, a. &. n. 
triumph'a?i^, a. 
tru'ant, a. & n. 
va'cant, a. 
va'grant, a. & n. 
val'iant, a. 
vex'dant, a. 
yex^natit, a. 
xig'ilant, a. 



An, signifies belonging, relating, or pertaining 
as, reg\\\ar, belonging or relating to rule ; se. 
u\ar, relating or pertaining to the world. 

adminic'ular, a. 
an'gnlar, a. 
an'nulrrr, a. 
auric'ular, a. 
aiixil'ia?-, a. & n. 
binoc'ular, a. 
bival'vular, a. 
canic'ular, a. 
capit'iilar, a. 
cap'sul'rr, a. 
carbun'cul«r, a. 
cellular, a. 
eir'cular, a. cc n. 
circumpo'lar, a. 
consim'ila?*, v. 
con'sula?-, a. 
corpus'cular, a. 
curvilin'ea?', a. 
cutic'ular, a. 
dissim'ilar, a. 
equian'gular, a. 
famil'iar, a. & n. 
glob'ular, a. 
hexan'gular, a. 
in'sular, a. 
interlu'nar, a. 
interscap'ulc?', a. 
incerstel'lcr, a. 

irreg'ular, a. rectilin'ear, a. 

joc'ula?', a. retic'ular, a. 

ju'gular, a. reg'ular, a. 

lu'nar, a. scap'ular, a. 

lentic'ular, a. sec'ular, a. 

lin'ear, a. semicir'cular, a. 

lunisolcr, a. semilu'nar, a. 

manip'ular, a. sexan'gular, a. 

medullar, a. septan'gular, a. 

monoc'ular, a. simlla?*, a. 

multan'gular, a. sin'gular, a. 

mus'cula?", a. solar, a. 

obtusan'gular, a. spec'ular, a. 

octan'gular, a. stellar, a. 

oc'ular, a. sublu'nar, a. 

orac'ular, a. superlu'na?', a 

orbic'ular, a. tab'ula?*, a. 

pab'ular, a. tit'ular, a. 

partic'ular, a. trian'gular, a. 

peculiar, a. trilu'minar, a. 

peutacap'sular, a. tulbular, a. 

pentan'gular, a. tu'telar, a. 

perpendic'ular, a. unpcp'ular, a. 

piac'ular, a. vas'cular, a. 

polar, a. verisim'ilar, a. 

pop'ular, a. vermic'ular, a. 
quinquan'gular, a. vemac'ular, a. 

rectan'gular, a. vesic'ular, a. 

Ary, signifies belonging, relating, or pertaining la, 
bejltting : as, ar'boran/, belonging to trees ; 
Wt'erary, relating to literature, or letters ; par- 
liamen'tarj/, pertaining to parliament. 

alimcn'trt ?•?/', a. 
f.n'aular?/, a. 

arljitra?*^, a. 
arljorary, a. 

as'inary, a. 
ar'millar^^, a. 



tLUc'tionar?/, a. 
auxiViar^, a. 
ax'illary, a. 
hiViari/, a. 
hi'nart/, a. 
cap'illary, a. 
eap'sularj/, a. 
cau'tionar?/j a. 
cen'tenary, a. 
ces'alonarf/, a. 
ciViarT/, a. 
cochlear^, a, 
com'eiary, a. 
conces'sionary, a. 
conditi'onary, a. 
contem'porary, or 
cotem'porary, a. 
con'irary, n. 
contrib'utary, a. 
c\is'iou\ary, n. 
diVetary, a. 
dis'ciplinayy, a. 
discreti'onary, o. 
e\'ynary, a. 
elemen'tary, a, 
epis'tolar^, a. 
cx'eniplar?/, a. 
extem'porary, a. 
extraor'dinar^j a. 
fidu'ciary, a. 
fragmen'tary, a. 
gran'ulary, a. 
hebdom'ada^'y, a. 
hered'itary, a. 
hon'oxary, a. 
ho'rary, a. 
imag'inary, a. 
institu'tionary, a. 
in'sulary, a. 
intcrlw'wary, n. 

myoVvLiitary, a. 
judici'ar^/, a. 
lac'tary, a. 
Wg'wnary, a. 
lim'itary, a. 
litter ary, a. 
\\x'nary, a. 
mam'millar?/, a. 
max'illar^, a. 
med'ullarj/, a. 
mer'cenaryj a, 8l n. 
millenary, a. 
mil'iiary, a. 8l n. 
mhsi'oxiary, a. & n, 
mo'mentary, a. 
mu'nerary, a. 
nec'essary, a. 
mx'vaexary, a. 
octog'encrry, a. 
on'erary, a. 
oi'dinary, a. 
pap'illary, a. 
parliamen'tar?/, a. 
patib'ulary, a. 
pecu'niary, a. 
pen'sionary, a. &«. 
Y>etiti'onary, a. 
ipWnary, a. 
plan'etary, a. 
plpn'ary, a. 
plenilu'nary, a. 
jpolary, a. 
Tpri'm ary, a. 
proba'tioncrry, a. 
processi''onary, a. 
propri'e t«r//, a. 
inxVmonary, a, 
pu'pillary, a. 
quatcr'nary, a. 
G 2 

ques'tionary, a. 
ques'tuary, a. 
qmn'ary, a, 
residen'tiary, a. 
resid^uary, a. 
lever'sionary, a. 
ro'tary, a, 
sal'utary, a. 
sang'uina?'y, a. 
sap'onctry, a. 
scap'ulary, a, 
sec'ondary, a. 
se(\'entary, a. 
semilu'nary, a. 
sen'ary, n. 
se'p'tenary, a, 
se-ptuag'enary, a. 
sexag'enary, a. 
so'lary, a. 
soVitary, a. & n. 
stat'uary, a. & n. 
sta'tionary, a. 
stipen'diary, a. 
sublunary, a. 
subsidiary, a. 
sug'ary, a. 
sum'mary, a. &. n. 
sumptuary, a. 
supernu'mercry, a. 

supplemen'tary, a. 
tem'porary, a. 
ter'nary, a. & n. 
testamentary, a. 
tex'tuary, a, 
tit'ulary, a. 
traditi'on ary, a. 
trib'utary, a. & n. 
trifis'tulary, a. 
tumul'tua^y, o. 



txVtelari/, a. unparliamen'tar^jrt.vol'untar^j a. & n. 

uhiq'uitarp, a. valetu'dinar^, a. vo'tary, a. & n. 
unnec'essary, «. visi'onarj/j a. & n. vul'nerary, a. 

AtEj denotes having, being: as_, inan'imr?/^, hav-< 
ing no life ; affec'tiona/e, having affection ; 
ad''equfl/e^ beifig equal to ; sh\\ate, being placed 

uccom'moda^i?, a. 

& V. 

ac'curate, a. 
ad'equa/^, (i. 
afFec'tiona^e, (i. 
ag'gregaie, a. & n. 
alkaVizate, a. & v. 
aVienate, a. & v. 
altei'nate, a. & n. 
an'imate, a. Si v. 
approx'ime^^, a Scv 
avtic'ulate, a. &. v. 
as'pira^^, a. v. & n. 
asso'cia^e, a. n. & v. 
atten'uate, «• & v. 
coWe'giafe, a. & n. 
coramen'sura^e, a. 

& u. 
compassi'ona/^, a. 

& u. 
confed'ercV^j a. n. 

& t'. 
con'greg'i^^, a. & v. 
consid'era/^?, «. 
consum'ma/f ,a. & v. 
cor'pora/e, o 
degen'era^e, a. & r. 

delib'era/e, a. & t*. 
del'ica^e, a, 
des'ola^^, a, & w. 
des'pero^e, a. 
deter'mina/f, a. &r. 
discon'solafe, a, 
dispassi'ono^^, a. 
do'piica/^, o. w. Scv. 
efFem''ina^^, a. & u. 
elaborate, a. & «. 
. for'tiina/^, a. 
frus'tra^^, a. & u. 
illit'cra;^, a. 
immac'ula^e, a, 
imme'dirt^e, a. 
Kvcivaodi'exate, a. 
impor'tuna/^, fl. 
iliac' cvixate, a. 
inad'equa/?, «. 
inan'ima/i?, a. 
incar'iirt/^, a. & u. 
inconsid'era^i?, a. 
indeter'minofg, a. 
indiscrim'ina^g, a. 
miw'rlate, a. 
imt'iate, a. & v. 
inor'dina/*?, «• 

insa'ua/e, a. 
intem'pera^g, a. 
interme'difl/e, a. 
intes'to/f", a, 
iu'trico^^, a. 
ixwet'erate, a. 
invi'ola/c, «. 
legit'imfi'e, «. 
xnt'diate, a. & u. 
mod'erw/^, a. & v. 
ob'duratg, a. 
ob'stina^^, a. 
or'nate, a. 
passi'ona/e, a, 
precip'itaie, a. & u, 
pri'vrt^e, a. 
propor'tiono/^, a. 

& i;. 
pros'tra/^, o. & v. 
rep'roba^e, «. v. Sc it 
sep'ara/^j «. & u. 
sit'uate, a. 
subor'dina^^;, a. Scv 
tem'Tperate, a. 
unfor'tuna/^, a. 
uniegen'eraie, a. 



BlEj denotes may he or can he, worthy of, Jit to 
he : as^ invis'i6/e, that cannot he seen ; por'- 
iahle, that may he carried ; lau'da6/<?, ivorthy of 
praise ; eVigible, fit to be chosen. 

acces'sii/^, a. 
admis'sii/^, a. 
advi'safe/gj a. 
af 'fai/e, a. 
allow'ai/0, a. 
am'ia5/e, a. 
ap'plicai/e, a. 
apprehen'sifi/e, a. 
ar'able, a. 
ascri'bafi/^, a. 
attain'a5/6?, a. 
attrih'ut&ble, a. 
au'dii^^, a. 
avaiVable, a. 
hlame'able, a. 
chaxige'able, a. 
charge'a6^(?, a- 
combus'ti^/^, a. 
commen''da6^^, a. 
commu'nicai^e, a. 
com'para^/^, a. 
concei'veable, a. 
confor'ma^/e, a. 
con&o'lable, a. 
contem])'t}ble, a. 
conver'iible, a. 
corrup'ti/>'/^j a. 
cxsA^ible, a. 
cn'rable, a. 
decli'nable, a. 
d-cdix'c'ible, a. 
def^n'sible, a, 
des'picaJ/^j a. 
detes'table, a. 
diges'dble, a. 

A'iscer'mble, a. 
dis'soluble, a. 
divi'dable, a. 
divis'ible, a, 
eat' able, a. 
eVigible, a. 
excu'sable, a. 
exhalable, a. 
exhaus'ti^/jf, a. 
ex-pres'sible, a. 
fallible, a. 
^ex'ible, a. 
fu'sible, a. 
her'itable, a. 
hon'ouraft/e, a. 
imag'ina5/e, a. 
mnviO\e'able, a. 
impen'etraJ/e, a. 
im-pev'ishable, a. 
impos'sii/c, a. 
incoiitrover'tii/^, a. 
incred'iS/^, o. 
indefat'igable, a. 
ineffable, «. 
ine\'itable, a. 
inex'plicaZ*/^, a. 
inex''trica&/<7, a. 
inhab'itafi/^', a. 
iniir/itai/e, a. 
innn'merable, a. 
inscru'tai/^, a. 
insep'arai/^j a. 
insol'uble, a. 
insuf ferai/^, a. 
invis'ible, a. 

invuVncrable, a. 
iras'cible, a. 
irrefutable, a. 
irreme'diai/^, a. 
irre-p'arable, a. 
irreproach'aft/e, a. 
irreprove'aft/g, a. 
irresis'tiS^'e, a. 
irrev'ocable, a. 
lau'dable, a. 
legible, a. 
xnan'ageable, a. 
niar'riageafi/^, a. 
xno^e'able, a. 
xnvi'table, a. 
nay'igable, a. 
obser'vaft/e, a. 
■pas'sable, a. 
■peace'able, a. 
"pec'cable, a. 
ipercei'\able, a. 
"perce^'tible, a. 
]ier'meable, a. 
pla'ca&/<7, a. 
-plau'sible, a. 
jilVable, a. 
pol'isha6/<?, a. 
-por'table, a. 
Ipra&ticable, a. 
l^roxe'able, u. 
pun'ishaS/^, a. 
ques'tionaJ/e, <*. 
xedw'cible, a. 
re^oVwable, a. 
xe's^ec' table, a* 



Tespon'sible, a. 
sen'sible, a. 
ser^viceable, a. 
soVuble, a. 
support'a^J^j a. 
suppo'saft/^, a. 
suppres'sifi/gj a. 
suscep'tifi/e, a. 
tan'gible, a. 

ien'able, a. 
ter'minai^^, a. 
toVerable, a. 
unaccoun'tai^e, a. 
unan'swera6?g, a. 
unavoid'able, «• 
unchange'able, a. 
unpar'donaft/^, a. 
unquench'aJ/^, a. 

unsearch able, ct, 
unspeak'able, c 
urwii'terable, a. 
vaVua6/e, a. 
\a'nable, a. 
yendi'ible, a. 
x'l^'ible, a. 
vfar'xaatable, cu 

En, denotes made of: as, wood'en, made of wood ; 
bra'zffw, made of hvass. 

ash'en, a. 
heech'en, a. 
birch'en, a. 
hox'en, a. 
'bra'zerij a, 
earthVn, a. 
flax'en, a. 

goldVre, a. 
hem'pera, a. 
\eadi'en, a. 
osik'en, a. 
oat'erij a. 
silk'^re, a. 
threadVrt, a. 

twig'gere, a. 
v/au'en, a. 
Vfhea'ten, a. 
•wood'en, a. 
wooHe/i, a. 
yevf'en, a. 

Ent, denotes being, or ' ing : as, incohe'rew^, 
not stickiwo- together; bellig'erew/, carryew^ 
on, or Vidiging war ; ab'se?i/, being away or 

abhor'r^n^, a. 
ab'sent, a. 
ah'&iment, a. 
ah&ox^ent, a. 
abater' gent, a. 
adhe'xent, a. & n. 
adja'cera^, a. 
adve'niewf, a. 
af'^went, a. 
a'gent, a. & n. 
avcAiient, a, 
an'cient, a. 
antece'de?i/, ff. «& n. 

appa'r^/i^, a. 
a^e'rient, o. 
ai'dent, a. 
ar'gent, a. 
armv^'oient, a. 
astr\xi'ge7it, a. 
beneficent, a. 
benev'olen^, a. 
bellig'eren^, a. 
ca'dent, a. 
can'dent, a. 
circumam'bie'n/, a. 
chcmn'Ruent, a. 

chc\xm]a'cent, a. 
coexis'tent, a. 
co'gent, a. 
cohe'ient, a, 
coin'ciden^, a. 
cova'peteiit, a. 
coui-pla'cent, a. 
compo'nen^, a. 
conclu'd^?i^, a. 
concur'rg/i^, a. 
con'fid^n^, a. 
con'Quent, a. 
con'gxuent, a. 



con'seque7it, a. &n. 
consis'tent, a. 
constit'u5?2#, a. Sen. 
constrin'g£;/i;, o. 
con'tinew^, a. & n. 
conve'ni^ra;, a. 
convei^gent, a, 
cox'^vlent., a. 
correspond'e/i^, a. 

& n. 
cuT'rent, a. & n. 
deRd'ent, a. 
de'ceni, a. 
depend'en^, n. & n. 
descen'den^, a. 6c «. 
deter'gen^j ff. 
dif fer^M^, a. 
dif'fide«;, a. 
dif'flug-ft^, o. 
dig'ere«?j a. 
dirigere^, ^/. 
diver'g^ji^, «. 
disobe'diew^, a. 
dissil'ie/j^j ff. 
dissen'tien^, a. & n. 
dissol'vew^j a. & n. 
effici'en^, a. 
efful'gen^, fl. 
el'oquew^, a. 
emer'gen^, a. 
em'in^/i^, a. 
emollient, a. 
emul'gen^, «. 
equipolleni;, a. 
equiv'ale?*^, a. 
es''culenf, a. & n. 
esu'riera^, a. 
ev'iden^, o. 
ex'celle?i/, a. 
exis'ten/, o. 

expe'di^wif, a. & ra. 
fec'ulr;i/, tf. 
fex'yent, a. 
flat'ul^?i^, a. 
^\x'ent, a. Sc n. 
he'<\\\ent, a. 
frau'dule«^j a. 
ful'g(?nf, a. 
ignip'oten^, a. 
'wn'xmnent, a. 
impa'tk?i^, a. 
impend'e?z^, a. 
impen'it^wif, a. & n. 
imper'tine/i^, a.&cn. 
im'pot^«^, a. 
improv'ide/i/, <i. 
impru'd(?H/, c 
im'pude?!^, a. 
inadver'ten/, «. 
in'cidera/, a. & n. 
inco\i&'xent, a. 
incom'petg^i^, a. 
mcon?,Wtenti a. 
mcon'tme7it, a. 
inconve'nieft^, a, 
mcwvn.'hentj a. & n. 
indii'^Qxent, a. 
in'digent, a. 
in'dolen^, a. 
ixidwVgent, a. 
inel'oque/i/j a. 
inexpe'dii-n^, a. 
ingxQ'dient.) a. 
inhQ'xent, a. 
in'nocent, a. 
insis'tew/, a. 
\w'%o\ent, a. 
insoVwent, a. 
insuffici'e'i^, a. 

mielligent, a. 
iniexcnx'xent, a. 
inter'flu^n^, «. 
interful'ge/i/, n. 
interja'cen/j n. 
interlu 'c^nf, a. 
xxiitxxait'ient^ a, 
introve'nie^i^, a. 
ixxev^exenf, a. 
]a.'te7it, a. 
le'nie nt, a. 
lu'ceni, a. 
lu'tule/iif, a. 
magnif icen/, o. 
nialev'ole«/, «. 
melliflue/i^, a. 
mh'tent, a. 
moVlient, a. 
mo'vent, a. 
nwi'culent, a. 
imvVgient, a. 
xaulti-p'ote nt, a. 
munificent, a, 
neg'ligent, a. 
uo'cent, a. 
dhe'dient, a, 
oxnnip'otent, a. 
omnipresVw/, «• 
omnis''cie?i^j c 
op^o'nent, a. & n. 
op'ulent) a. 
o'xient, a, 
partu'rien^, a. 
-pa'tent, a. 
■paftieTit, a. &. 11. 
■pexi'dent, a. 
pen'it^7i^, a. & ji. 
■pes't[\e7it, a. 
percu'tie?i^, a. 
per'man^n^; o. 

82 • 


pet'imcui, a. 
■pleni-p'otent, a. 
•poc'ulent, a. 
po'nent, a. 
■po'tent, a. 
■prece'dent, a. 
pre-em''ine?i^, a. 
pre-exis'te/i^, a. 
■pre'scient, a. 
pres'entf a. & n. 
•prev'alent, a. 
■procuml^ent, a. 
prof 'Inert t, a. 
pTom'meni, a. 
prov'iderit, a. 
pra'dent, a. 
pru'rient, a. 
pun'getit, a. 
pu'iulent, a. 

xe'cent, a. 
recum'bg?^^, a. 
recur 'ren^, a. 
red'okn^, a. 
refurgen/, a. 
renas'c^K^, a. 
res'ide?i^, a. & n. 
resil'ien/^, a. 
resol've/i^, a. 
resplen'de«<, a. 
restrin'ge/i^, n. 
rew'exent, a. 
rorif'lu£'n^, o. 
s&n'tieiif., a. Sc n. 
^I'lent, a. 
^oVxent, a. 
sub'sequfTi^, a. 
subser'vien;, o. 
subsis'tere^, a. 

subter'flue/i/, a. 
s\xc'c\x\ent, a. 
superem'ineni, a. 
superve'nie/i/, a. 
iin'gent, a. 
tor' pent, a. 
transcend'en^j a. 
tran'sie«^, a. 
translu'ce/i^, a. 
transpa'rera^, a. 
tru'culen^, a. 
iux'hvXent, a. 
tur'gent, a. 
unfre'quen^, a. 
ur'gent, a. 
vi'oleni, a. 
vi'rent, a. 
vix'vdentj a. 

EscENT, denotes gr'otving or becoming: as, pu- 
tres'ceiity grow'mg rotten/ ■oetves'cent, bccomitig 

aces'eent, cr. 
alkales'cent, a. 
concupis'cent, a. 
con\ales'ce7it, a. 
cxes'cent, a. 
decxes'cent, a. 
depas'cent, a. 

effexves'cent, a. 
efRoxes'cent, a. 
exuhes'cent, a. 
evanes'cejit, a. 
excxes'cent, a. 
hexhes'cent, a. 
lapides'cent, a. 

]iques'cent, a. 
nl gxes'cent, a. 
papes'cent, a. 
petres'cent, a. 
putres'cent, a. 
quies'ceni, a. 
xenas'cent, a. 

FuL, denotes J^uU of : as, hopeyj//, ^m// o/'hope ; 
aw'Jtilj full of awe ; plen'ti/?^/, full of plenty. 

axi'ful, a. 
aw'ful, a. 
hane'fuly a. 
hash'/til, 0. 

hean'iiful) o. 
blissyw/j a. 
boast'/w?, a. 
hown'iif Illy a. 

hxim' ful, a. 
caxe'fuly a. 
c\\ange'fulj a. 
cheex'fuly a. 



delight'/w/j a. 
despite'/w^, a. 
^xx^'ful^ a. 
disdain'/w/, a. 
disgust'/w/, a. 
disrespect'/tt/, a. 
distasteytt/, a. 
distrcss'/^//, a. 
distrust'/M/, a. 
dole'fiil, a. 
douWful, a. 
diead'ful, a. 
du'tiful, a. 
event'ful, a. 
faith '/m/, a. 
faxi'dful, a. 
fear'ftil, a. 
fit'ful, a. 
forget'fulj a. 
irei'ful, a. 
fc'ight'ful, a, 
fruit'ful, a. 
gain'ful, a. 
glee'/nl, a. 
grace'ful, a. 
grate'/iil, a. 
guile'/ul, a. 
harm'ful, a. 
health'ful, a. 
heed'ful, a. 
help'/u/, a. 
ho]pe'ful, a. 

huTt'ful, a. 
iie'ful, a. 
]oy'ful, a. 
law'ful, a. 
loatWful, a. 
lust'ful, a. 
man'ful, a. 
mex'ciful, a. 
mind'ful, a. 
Ytxiith'ful, a. 
mistrust'/tf/, a. 
monrn'f ul, a. 
ueed'ful, a. 
neglect'fulj a. 
jpain'ful, a. 
-peace'/ul, a. 
pit'iful, a. 
plaint'/w/, a. 
■play'ful, a. 
-plen'tiful, a. 
■pow'erful, u. 
regard'/w/, a. 
reproach'/w/, a. 
lesent'fuly a. 
respect'/tt/, a. 
revenge'fixl, a. 
right'ful, a. 
Tue'ful, a. 
scath'ful, a. 
scom'ful, a. 
shame'ful, a. 
sin'ful, a. 

skiVful, a. 
sloth '/m/, a. 
sot'iov/ful, a. 
spite'/w/, a. 
sport'/ti/, a, 
spright'/?*/, a, 
success'ftil, a. 
thank'/t</, a. 
thought'/^/, a. 
twne'fiil, a. 
unfaith'ful, a. 
ungrace'ful, a. 
ungiatef III, a. 
unhealth'ful, a. 
urdayf'ful, a. 
unmet'ci/w/, a. 
unskiV ful, a. 
unsuccess'/w/, a. 
unihaxik'ful, a. 
u&e'ful, a. 
•wake'ful, a. 
waste'/w/, a. 
■wiVful, a. 
wish'ful, a. 
wht'ful, a. 
•wot' ful, a. 
yfon'derful, a. 
wor'ship/w/, a. 
wrath'/ul, a. 
■wrong'ful, a, 
youih'/ul, a. 

Ic, denotes of, belonging, relating, or perlaimng 
to : as, academ'?c, of' or belonging to an acade- 
my ; angel'/c, relating to angels ; ocean'/c, 'per- 
taining to the ocean. 

academ'ic, a. & n. apostol'ic, a. athlet'ic, a. 

angel'icj a. arc'tic, a. ai'tic, a. 



authen'tic, n. 
botan'ic, a. 
cath'olJc, a. 
chaot'ic, (I. 
characteris'tiCj a. 

& n. 
clas'sic, a. & n. 
CTit'ic, a. & 71. 
cyn'ic, a. & n. 
despot'ic, tx. 
didac'tic, «. 
domes'tic, a, & n- 
eccen'tric, a. 
elas'tic, a, 
emblemat'ic, a. 
emet'ic, a. & n. 
emphat'ic, a. 
endem'ic, a. 
energet'ic, a. 
enthusias'tic, a. 
epidem'ic, a. 
errat'ic, a. 
exot'ic, a. 

extrin'sic, o. 
fanat'ic, a. & n. 
fantas'tic, a. 
foren'sic, a. 
fran'tic, a. 
gas'tric, a. 
geiier'ic, a. 
geot'ic, a. 
gigan'tic, a. 
gymnas'tic, a. 
hero'ic, a. 
hysier'ic, a. 
intrin'siCj «. 
lacon'Jc, a. 
lu'nattc, a. & m. 
majes'tic, a. 
mechan'ic, a. Sc n. 
metallic, a. 
metaphys'iCj a. & n. 
microscop'iCj a. 
monas'ttc, a. 
niys'tic, a. 
ocean'ic, a. 

palat'ic, a. 
paralyt'ic, a. 
pathet'ic, a. 
pedan'tic, a, 
poet'j'c, a. 
pol'itic, a. 
prognos'tic, a. & n. 
prophet'ic, a. 
prosa'ic, a. 
public, a. & n. 
pu'nic, a. 
roman'tic, a. 
rus'tic, a. & n. 
sarcas'tic, «• 
scholas'tiCj a. 
seraph'ic, a. 
skep'tic, or 
scep'tic, a. & n. 
spasmod'ic, a. 
syllogis'tic, a. 
sympathet'ic, a. 
theoret'ic, a. 
viUat'ic, a. 

Id, denotes of or belonging to, ' ing* : as, iim'id, 
of or belonging to fear, (fearful) ; pel'lucic/, 
shining through, (clear) ; toY'rid, burning. 

z.c'id, a. & n. 
ac'rid, a. 
aVgidy a. 
ar'id, a. 
cal'i(/, a. 
can'difZ, a. 
fer'vid, a. 
fet'id, a. 
flac'cirf, a. 
flor'if/, a. 
fln'id, a. & n. 

ftig'id, a. 
fii'mid, a. 
geVid, a. 
hoY'r id, a. 
hu'mirf, a. 
insip'irf, a. 
intrep'i-i, a. 
inval'irf, a. 
lan'guid, a. 
lim'pid, a. 
liq'uicf, a. & n. 

liv'id, a. 
lu'cid, a. 
xnoTloid, a. 
pallic?, a. 
-pellucid, a. 
plac'id, a. 
■pn'trid, a. 
ran'cid, a. 
lap'id, a, 
rigfid, a. 
soVid, a. 



sor'dif/, a. 
splen'dif^, a. 
squal'irf, a. 
stu'pic?, a. 
tab'id, a* 

teip'id, a. 
tim'id, a, 
tor'pic/, a. 
toT'iid, a. 
tu'xnid, a. 

tur'gic?, a. 
\al'id, a. 
\a^'id, a. 
vis'cid, a. 


Ile, denotes belonging to, may or can be, easily : 
aS;, T^Werile, belonging to a boy ; {iex'ile, that 
may or can be bent, or easily bent. 

ag'ile, a. 
aq'uatUe, a. 
coc'tile, a. 
doc'ile, a. 
dnc'tile, a. 
ex'ile, a. n. & v. 
te^hrile, a. 
itx'tile, a. 
Reptile, a. 
&s'sile, a. 
fiex'ile, a. 

fxag'ile, a. 
fxi'tile, a. 
hos'tile, a. 
imbecile', a. 
in'fantile, a. 
insec'tile, a. 
juv'enile, a, 
mercan'tile, a. 
})en'sile, a. 
produc'tjfej a. 
pxojec'tile, a. & n. 

•pn'erile, a. 
se'nile, a, 
suh'tile, a. 
tex'tile, a. 
tor'tile, a. 
txac'tile, a. 
u'tile, a. 
vet'satile, a. 
vi'vile, a. 
\oYatUe, a. 

Ine, denotes of or belonging to: as, ma'rine, of 
or belongi?ig to the sea ; ca\iine, belonging to 
dogs ; fem^inine, of or belonging to the female. 


adaman'tme, a. 
al'kalirae, a. 
aq'uiline, a. 
ar'mentme, a. 
asbes'tine, a. 
as'infne, a. 
caW aXLine, a. 
ca'nine, a. 
clandes'tint?, a. 
car'aWine, a. 
crys^talline, a. 
divine', a. n. & u, 
elephant'int?, a. 
feline, a. 

fem'inine, a. 
fc'rine, a. 
geVatine, a. 
ger/uine, a. 
hyaciu'thjne, a. 
in'fantine, a. 
mtes'tine, a. 
leg'atme, a. 
le'onine, a. 
lep'orine, a. 
lib'ertine, a. & n. 
marine', a. & n. 
mar'itiwe, a. 
mas'ciiline, a. 


met'alline, a. 
pal'atine, a. &. n. 
per'egiine, a. 
pris'tine, a. 
sac'charine, a. 
saline', a. 
san'guine, a. 
sap'phirine, a. 
sat'urnine, a. 
ser'penti?ie, a. 
submarine', a. 
su'pine, a. & n. 
transmarine', a. 
ultramarine', a. & w. 



a'teri?ie, a. 
ve&'pertine, a. 

vypenne, a. 
xh'xiline, a. 

vul'pine, a. 
YuVtMYine, a. 

IsH, denotes belonging to, like or resembling, little 
of or somewhat : as, Eng'h'^A, belonging to Eng- 
land ; child'ish, like or resembling a child ; 
gveen'ish, little of ov somewhat green. 

a'gui^A, a. 
ba'byisA, a. 
beau'is^, a. 
black'i^A, a. 
\>\\i&'ish, a. 
h\oc\i'ish, a. 
book'i^A, a. 
hoy'ish, a. 
brack'isA, a. 
bri'nis^, a. 
biu'tish, a. 
thild'ish, a. 
churl'i^^, a. 
clov/n'ish, a. 
Da'nish, a, 
dev'ilish, a. 
dim'mj^^j a. 
dog'gish, a. 
dron'ish, a. 
dusk'isk, a. 
dwarfish, a. 

eVvisk, a. 
'English, a. & n. 
fe'verish, a. 
fooVish, a. 
fop'pis^, a. 
fieak'ish, a. 
girVish, a. 
goat'ish, a. 
green'ish, a. 
heWish, a. 
huffHsh, a. 
Trish, a. 
kna'vw^, a. 
lump'i*^, a. 
mavf^ish, a. 
monk'ish, a. 
inoor'ish, a. 
outland'i^^, a. 
palJsA, a. 
■pee'vish, a. 
■pnr''plish, a. 

ra'kisA, a. 
To'guish, a. 
Ro'xnish, a. 
Scot' tish, a. 
selfish, a. 
slav'ish, a, 
slug'gish, a. 
snap'pish, a. 
Span'ish, a. 
spleen'ish, a. 
stiff'ish, a. 
swi'nish, a. 
ihiev'ish, a. 
wag'gish, a. 
was'p'ish, a. 
whey'ish, a. 
Vfhi' tish, a. 
wil^owish, a. 
wolfis/i, a. 
wom'amsh, a. 
yellovfish, a. 

IvE, denotes having power, that can, or ' ing', 
implying power, ability, or activity : as, per- 
sua'szt;^, having power to persuade ; cor'rectiye, 
that call correct ; progres'sfye, going forward. 

sibor'tive^ a. adhe'sive, a. a^ici'ive, a. 

ahstex'&ive, a. ad']eciive, a. & n. agglu'tinatit;^, a. 

ahWsive, a. admin'istratiug, a. aWa'sive, a. 

accu'mulatiue, a. afFec'tit'*?, a. amu'sir^j a. » 

ac'tive, a. affinn'atit;^, a. appellatii?^, a. & n. 



ap'plicateue, a. 
apprehen'stue, a. 
argumen'tativ^, a. 
assump'tiue, a. 
astric'tiu^, a. 
atten'tiue, a. 
attract'iv^, a. & w. 
author'itative, a. 
cap'tive, a. & n. 
coei'cive, a. 
cog'itative, a. 
cohe'sive, a. 
coUec'tiue, a. 
coUu'siue, a. 
commem'oratiu^, a. 
commu'nicatiu^j a. 
compar'atiu^, a. 
compunc'titJe, a. 
comprehen'sit;^, a. 
concep'tive, a. 
concus'sive, a. 
condu'ciue, a. 
conjunc'tiwe, a. 
consec'utju^, a. 
conser'vative, a. 
consump'tir^, a. 
contem'platitJ^j a. 
contrib'utive, a. 
conver'siu^j a. 
convic'twe, a. 
convul'siu^, a. 
co^'vlative, a. & w. 
correc'te?;^, a. 
coneVative, a. 
corrob'oratiiJ^, a. 
corro'siu^, a. & n. 
cos'tiu^, a. 
crea'tive, a. 
dece]p'tive, a. 
decisive } a. 

declar'ativ^, a. 
defec'tive, a. 
defen'siw^, a Sen. 
delib'erative, a. 
d€i\x's,ive, a. 
demon'strative, a. 
denom'inatizjg, a. 
dervi'aiive, a. 
derog'atiue, a. 
destnic'tiu^, a. 
deter'minatiu^, a. 
difFu'siue, a. 
diges'tir^, a. 
dimin'utiue, a. 
discrim'inatitJ^, a. 
discur'siwe, a. 
discus'sir^j a. 
disjunc'tii'e, a. 
dispu'tatiue, a. 
dissua'siue, a. & w. 
distrib'utiije, a. 
distinc'tiv^, a. 
efFec'ttu^, a. 
eSu'sive, a. 
elec'tiy^^ a. 
elu'siue, a. 
em'ulative, a. 
es'timaU?;^, a. 
eva'siv^j a. 
exces'siv^, a. 
exclu'sii'^, a. 
es.cux'&ive, a. 
exec'utitj^, a. 
expan'siue, a. 
expen'siv^, a. 
ex'pletiw^, a. & w. 
ex'plicatiu^'j a. 
explo'siu^, a. 
expres'sive, a. 
expul'sJu^j a. 

exten'siu^j a. 
fermen'tatiue, a. 
fes'tiue, a. 
fig'uiativ^, a. 
for'matj're, a. 
fu'gitiue, «. & n. 
gen'eratiyg, a. 
illu'sit)^, a. 
illus'tratiue, a. 
ivnag'maiive, a. 
ixa'iiative, a. 
impas'sit;^, a. 
imper'atiug, a. 
impul'siue, a. 
incen'tit?^, a. & n. 
incep'tiwe, a. 
mc\\x'&ive, a. 
inconclu'siv^, a. 
indic^atiwe, a. 
induc'tiy^j a. 
xniec'tivc, q. 
iiifin'itizje, a. 
inflic'tMJg, a. 
infu'sitj^, a. 
inofFen'sit;^, a. 
inqiiis'itiv^, a. 
instinc'tiugj a. 
insixuc'iive, a. 
mien'^ive, a. 
interrog'ati v^, a. & i 
intru'si^;^, a. 
intu'itiue, a. 
inva'sil;^, a. 
invec'tiue, a. Sl n. 
inven'tive, a. 
iTceVative, a, 
lax'atir^, a. 
\eg'i^\ative, a. 
len'iiivey a. 
lo'comotji'^, a. 



lu'cratiu^, a. 
mas'siu^, a. 
med'itatiu^, a. 
mWsive, a. & n. 
mo'iive, a. & n. 
nar'ratiu^, a. 
xia'tive, a. & n. 
neg'ative, a. & n. 
nvt'tiitive, a. 
objec'tiue, a. 
ohtru'sive, a. 
oper'ative, a. & 7i. 
opin'ionat/t'f, a 
oppres'stve, a. 
op'tatiue, a. 
osten'sive, a. 
palliatiy^, a. Slu. 
pas'sitJ^j a. 
pen'etratJve, a. 
pen'siwe, a, 
percep'tjue, a. 
perspec'tiu^, a. & 7i. 
persua'sjfe, a. 
plain'tiue, a. 
positive, a. 

precep'ttuej cr. 
prepar'atiue, a. & n. 
prerog'atiue, a. & « . 
preser'vatiue, a. 
presump'tiue, a. 
prevent'iv^, a. & n. 
prim'itiue, a- & n. 
priv'atiuff, a. 
produc'tiu^, a. 
progres'siu<?j a. 
prospec'tiue, a. 
pu'nitii'^, a. 
pur'gatiue, a. 
recep'tiv^, «. 
xe^ec'tive, a. 
reVative, a. &. n. 
reprehen'siuf, a. 
represent'atift?, a. 

& n. 
repres'sii'gj a. 
repul'siuff, a. 
respec'tiye, a. 
respon'siu^, a. 
resto'rateue, a. & ?i. 
restrict'iug, a. 

reten'tu'^j a. 
san'atiwe, a. 
sen'sitiue, cr. 
signiPicatitr, a. 
spec'ulatjy^j a. & »• 
spor'tiue, a. 
sua'siug, a. 
subjunc'th'f', a. 
submis'siue, a. 
sub'stantiuff, a. & n. 
subver'si?;^, a. 
subsec'utjue, a. 
succes'siue, a. 
superlatiue, a. 
suscep'tiu^, a. 
talk'atJue, a. 
tran'sitiug, a. 
transmis'siue, a. 
unapprehen'siu^, a. 
undeci'sifg, cr. 
veg'etatiugj a. 
WQg'eiive, a. & 7i. 
vindic'atiue, a. 
vindic'tii'^, a. 
vom'idre, a. 

Less, denotes without, having no or wantirig : as, 
axXfless, without art ; fath'erZe^j, without a fa- 
ther J helpVe**, having no power, or wanting 

art'less, a. 
hearA'less, a. 
hlame'less, a 
hlood'less, a. 
hod'iless, a. 
hot'tovaless, a. 
honudi'less, a. 
hiain'less, a. 

hreath'less, a- 
care'less, a. 
canse'less, a- 
cease'iess, a. 
cheei'less, a. 
child'less, a. 
clovLd'less, a. 
com'iortless, a. 

coVonrless, a. 
coant'less, a. 
date' less, a. 
death Y^Mj a. 
defence'less, a, 
des'ertless, a, 
doubt' less, a. 
dread'less, a. 



edge'less, a. 
end'less, u. 
eye' less, a. 
fa'theiless, a. 
fath^omless, a. 
fault'less, a. 
fear'less, a. 
feet'less, a. 
Rn'less, a. 
force'less, a. 
form' less, a. 
friend'less, a. 
fruit'less, a. 
gain' less, a. 
god'less, a. 
grace' less, a. 
grouud'less, a. 
gnile'less, a. 
gnili'less, a. 
hair' less, a. 
hax'hourless, f». 
hartn'less, a. 
heart' less, a. 
heed'less, a. 
help' less, a. 
ho-pe'less, a. 
house'less, a. 
joy'less, a. 
juice'less, a. 
law'less, a. 
lea{'less, a. 
hfe'less, a. 

list'less, a. 
man' less, a. 
mas'terless, a. 
mast'less, a. 
tnatch'less, a. 
meT'ciless, a. 
mind'less, a. 
mirth' less, a. 
nwn'eyless, a. 
m^oon'less, a. 
moth'erless, a. 
mo'tionless, a. 
mouth'less, a. 
name'less, a. 
need'less, a, 
nerve'less, a. 
nose'less, a. 
num'herless, a. 
pain' less, a. 
path' less, a. 
peer'less, a. 
pen'nyless, a. 
pith'less, a. 
pit'iless, a. 
■point' less, a. 
pow'er less, a. 
qnench'less, a. 
rea'sonless, a. 
reck'less, a. 
regard'less, a. 
xeient'less, a. 
remorse' less, a. 

rest' less, a. 
xuth'less, a. 
seam' less, a. 
sense'less, a. 
shame'less, a. 
shape'less, a. 
sheVterless, a. 
shift'less, a. 
sight'less, a. 
sin' less, a. 
skiVless, a. 
sleep'less, a. 
sleeve'less, a. 
speech'less, a. 
spir'itless, a. 
spot'less, a. 
stain'less, a. 
strength'less, a. 
taste'less, a. 
term'less, a. 
thank' less, a. 
thought7^55, a. 
time' less, a. 
tooth'less, a. 
track' less, a. 
thiih' less, a. 
use'less, a. 
■weap'onless, a. 
weet'less, a. 
-worth'less, a. 
wrath'less, a. 

LiKE_, denotes like or resembling: as, man7/^e 
like or resembling man. 

chris'tian/iArej a. gi'antlike, a. saint'like, a. 

court'like, a. god'like, a. y,'ar'like, a. 

gen'tlemanlike^ a. man'likc, a. 
H 2 


Ly, (contraction for like), postfixed to nouns^ 
denotes like or resemhling : as^ broth'er/7/, like 
or resemhling a brother ; earth'/?/, like or re- 
semhling earth ; win'ter/y, Zi^e winter. 

beast'/y, a. goodVj/, a. & arf. priestV?/, ff. 

beg'gar/i/, a. heav'en/y, a. & oc?. princeVy, a. 

broth'er/^, a. home'/y, a. & ad. sick'/y, a. & as?, 

butch'er/y, a. lei'sure/y, a. & ad. sil'verZy, a. 

court'/y, a. & ad. live'/y, a. «& ad. sis'ter/?/, a. 

cow'ardh/, a. & a(/. lone'/y, a. sol'dier??/, a. 

daVly, a. & ac/. lordVy, a. trai'tor/j/, a. 

disor'der/i/, a. & ar/. love7y, a. unfriendVy, a. 

earth'/?/, a. maid'en/y, a. ungen'tlenian/y, a. 

eld'er/z/, a- man'/y, rt. unman7z/, a. 

fa'ther/y, a. & acf. man'ner^e/, a. & ad. unnei'ghbour^j./, a. 

fleshVy, a. mas'ter/y, a. v.iVy, a. 

friend'/y, a. & firf. ma'tron/y, a. y/hi'terly, a. 

gen'tleman/j/, a. moth'erli/, a. & ad. wo'man/y, a. 

ghast7y, a. nei'ghbour/y, a. woor/y, a. 

gi'an%, a. or'der/y, a. & ac?. world'/?/, a. 

^oA'lt/, a. &. ad. pxick'ly, a. 

Ory, denotes of, belonging, relating, or pertaining 
to, ' i7ig' : as, prefatory, of or belonging to a 
preface; pi s'caton/, re/a/iw^ ^0 fish; consol'ato;-^, 
pertaining to consolation, (tending to give com- 
fort) ; ad'ulaton/, flattering 

ac'cessor?/, a. & n. condem'nator?/, a. ded'icatory, a. 
admon'itory, a. confirm'atory, a. defam'ator^, a. 
ad'ulatorj/, a, congrat'ulatory, a. delu'sory, a. 

ain'atort/, a. consol'ator^, a. & Ji. dexog'atori/, a. 

au'ditory, a. & 7i. contradic'torj/, a. des'ultor^^, a. 
ci'tatorj/, a. contrib'utory, a. diVatort/, a. 

commend'atory, a. cur'sort/, a. ejac'ulatory, a. 

compul'sator?/, a. dam'nator^/, a. ex'cretor?/, a. 

compul'sor?/, a. declam'atore/, a. excu'sator^, a. 
coiicil'iato?-?/, a. declar'atory, a. cxplan'atory, a. 



ex'piator^, a. 
expos'tulatorj', a. 
ful'minator^, a. 
grat'ulatoj-?/, a. 
hor'tator^, a. 
illu'so!*^, a. 
infiam'mator^, a. 
interdic'tor?/, a. 
interloc'utorj/, a. & 

interrog'atoj'w, a. & 


introduc'tory, a. 
man'datorT/, a. 
TCio'tory, a. 
nii'gator^/, a. 
ob'lij^atc?-^, a. 
olfac'tor^, a. 
per'emptor?/, a. 
pis'catory, a. 
pred'atori/, a. 
prefatory, a. 
premon'itor^/, a. 
prob'ator^, a. 

prohib''itor^, a. 
prom'isso?-^, a. 
proiiiti'atory, a. 
recapit'ulatory, a, 
refrac'tory, a. 
respon'sory, a. 
satisfac'to?'?/, a. 
sua'sorw, a. 
tran'sitor?/, a. 
unsatisfac'to?-^, a. 
valedic'tor?/, a. 

OsE, denotes J'li II (>f: as, opero^e',^?/// o/" labour ; 
verbose', Jidl of words. 

globose', a. 
jocose'', a. 
raorbose', a. 

morose , a. 
oleose', a. 
operose', a. 

rugose', a. 
tumulose', a. 
verbose', a. 

Ous, de-notes full of, having, consisting of, of or 
belojiging to, given to, ' ing' : as, dan'gerous, 
full 0/ danger ; pop'ulo?/^^ full of people ; lon- 
gim'anoM.9^ having long hands ; cartilag'inoM*, 
consisting of gr\st\es ; hiVious, consisting of bile ; 
co-eta'neo?/j, of the same age ; conten'tio?/.?, 
given to contention ; lanig'erowj, hearing wool ; 
graminiv'oroM.?, eatm^"" grass. 

advanta'geo?/s, a. 
ambiti'oMs, a. 
amphib'ioMS, a. 
anom'aloM^, a. 
an'xiows, a. 
ar.on'yvaous, a. 
a'queoii^, a. 
al•bo''reo7^s, a. 
assid'iioM*, a. 
auda'cio?<s, a. 

beau'teo7/s, n. 
bellig'eroMs, a. 
biba'cioj^s, a. 
bil'iows, a. 
bip'aroMS, a. 
boiin'teoMs, a. 
capa'ciozis, a. 
cap'tioMS, a. 
cartilag'ino?/5, a. 
ceremo'n'o«s, a. 

ceruleoMs, a. 
clarn'orows, a. 
co-eia'neous, a. 
commo'dioMs, a. 
conscien'tiows, a. 
conta'gioi<s, a. 
conteu'iioiis, a. 
contig'uoMS, a. 
co'pio?<s, a. 
coura'geows, a. 



cred'uloM5, a. 
cuta'neoM5, a. 
dan'geror/s, a. 
diaph'anoM^, a. 
disputa'tioM5, o. 
dul^ious, a. 
du'teoMSj a. 
effica'c'ious, a. 
en'vious, a. 
enox'mous, a. 
erro'aeous, a. 
extra'neoM5, a. 
fah^alous, a. 
facetious, a. 
falla'ciows, a. 
fa'mous, a. 
fer^ieous, a. 
ferru'ginoM^, a. 
fi'brous, a. 
fictiti'oM5, a. 
gen'ewus, a. 
glu'tinoM5, a. 
glo'iious, a. 
gox'geous, a. 
gra'cious, a. 
gramin'eous, a. 
graminiv'orows, a. 
grega'nous, a. 
grievous, a. 
hanao'nious, a. 
haz'ardous, a. 
hovaoge'neous, a. 
ig'neous, a. 
ignomin'ions, a. 
im-per'vious, a. 
im-pet'uoiis, a. 
incau'tio?/5, a. 
indus'trioM5, a. 
inge'aious, a. 
ingcn'uoKS, a. 

iniq'uitorw, a. 
inju'rious, a. 
instanta'neou5j a. 
jeaVous, a. 
joy'ous, tts 
Xabo'tious, a. 
lanig'eroM*, a. 
Vi-ccn'tious, a. 
ligneous, a. 
longnu'anous, a. 
loqua'cioMSj a. 
lu'minoMs, a. 
luxu'rioMs, a. 
magaan'iTaous, a. 
mar'velloM^, a. 
melo'dioM5, a. 
membra'neoM5, a. 
mirac'uloM5, a. 
miscella'neoMS, a. 
mis'chievoMs, a. 
momen'tOM5, a. 
mu'coMs, a. 
mur'deroM5, a. 
myste'rioM*, a. 
neces'sitow5, a. 
ner'voMs, a. 
my'eous, a. 
noto'rioM*, a. 
nutriti'oM5, a. 
ob'wious, a. 
o'dious, a. 
odorif 'erozfs, a. 
oxn'mous, a. 
ovanii'exoiis, a. 
ov'v^'axous, a. 
outra'geoM^, a. 
"penu'noicsy a. 
perfid'iow^, a. 
per'ilo7i5, a. 
pernici'oMs, a. 
perspic'uo?/5, a. 

\noiis, a. 
\)is>civ' or ous, a. 
pit'eoM5, a. 
plen'teoM*, a. 
poi'sonoM5, a. 
pomp'oMs, a. 
pou'deroM5j a. 
pop'ulo«5, a. 
presump'tuow«, a. 
pre'vioMs, a. 
pros'peroMs, a. 
rap'turoM5, a. 
ridic'uloM5, a. 
religi'oM*, a. 
ri'ghteow5, a. 
ti'otous, a. 
Tu'inous, a. 
sedid'oi^s, a. 
simulta'neoMS, a. 
solic'itoM5, a. 
sono'rous, a. 
spa'cioMs, a. 
spir'itoM^j «. 
sponta'neoMs, a. 
stu'dioM.9, a. 
stupen'doMs, a- 
subterra'neow5, a. 
sulphu'reoM5, a. 
super'fluoM5, a. 
superstiti'oM5, a. 
supposititi'oM*, a. 
surreptiti'oMs, a. 
suspici'ow5, a. 
synon'yvaous, a. 
tempes'tuous, a. 
tempora'neoMJ, a. 
tena'ciows, a. 
terra^queo/i^, a. 
Xei'reous, a. 
tim'oroMS, a. 
ixGxnGn' 6.0US, a. 



inouh'lous, a. 
tumnVtnous, a. 
xiVcerous, a. 
umbra'geoMS, a. 
unan'imoMs, a. 
wa'nous, a. 
ven'omous, a. 
vexa'tioMs, a. 

\ica.'TiouS) a. 
vici'ous, a. 
victo'rioMSj a. 
vig'owusy a. 
vix'tuoics, a. 
vis'coMs, a. 
vit'reous, a. 
\i\a/ciousj a. 

Some, denotes somewhat, Jiill 
somewhat glad ; frol'iwowje, 

adven'ture^ome, a. game'some, a. 
hXiiihe'some, a. glad'^OTne, a. 

bur'densomej a.'hQxsome, a. 
dark'som^, a. 
delight'soTJie, a. 
Adle'some, a. 
hoYicsomej a. 
fnVsome, a. 

handi'some, a. 
hu'mouTsome, a. 
irk'some, a. 
hght'so7ne, a. 
loathe'some, a. 
lone'some, a. 
med'dlesome, a. 

\ivi\yarous, a. 
yocif'erouS} a. 
volu'minoMs, a. 
volup'tuoMSj a. 
\ora'cious, a. 
won'droM5, a. 
zeaVouSj a. 

of: as, glad'some, 
full of frolics or 

noVsomey a, 
play'sow75, a. 
quar'relso?n^, a. 
tix&'some, a. 
toiYsome, a. 
troub'lesoTwe, a. 
■wea'risome, a. 
yihoit'some, a. 

Ward, denotes m the direction of or looking tO' 
ward: as, down'warc?, iji the directioji of or 
looking down ; in'ward, looking toward the in- 

awkVarc?, a. fro'ward, a. anto'ward, a. 

hack'ward, a. in'ward, a. n. & ad. up'ward, a. & ad. 

down'umrd,a.& ad. ont'ward, a. & ad. way'ward, a. 
fox'ward, a. & ad. to'tvard, a. 

Y, denotes full of, covered with, made of: as, 
knot't^, fdl of knots ; flow'erj/, full of, or 
covered with flowers ; horn'?/, made of horn, 

Almight'y, a. &.n. h&ara'y, a. bloom'?/, a. 

balm'y, a, blood'y, a. ^og'gy, v. 



branch'^, a. 
bri'ny, a. 
brush'y, a. 
bunch'^j «• 
bush'2/, a. 
chalk'y, a. 
chill'^^, a. 
clay'ey, a. 
cloud'y, a. 
coaly, a. 
cream'y, a. 
creek'y, a. 
crust'2/j a. 
dew'y, a. 
dim 'ply, a. 
dirt'y, a. 
down'?/, a. 
dust'?/, a. 
earth'?/, a. 
fault'?/, a. 
fin'ny, a, 
filth'y, a. 
flain'2/, a- 
flash'?/, a. 
fleec'y, a. 
flesh'2/, a. 
flint'y, a. 
flow'ery, «. 
foam'y, a. 
fog'g^/, a. 
freck'l?/, a. 
froth'?/, a. 
fur'ry, a. 
gleam '2/, «• 
gloom'?/, o. 
glu'ey, a. 
grass'y, a. 
grav'elly, «. 
grea'sj/, a. 
guilt'y, a. 

gulf '«/, a. 
gum'my, a. 
hair'j^, a. 
ha'zel?/, a. 
health'^, a. 
heath'y, a. 
hilly, a. 
horn'y, a. 
\'cy, a. 
ker'nely, a, 
knot'ty, a. 
leafy, a. 
li'my, a. 
luck'y, a. 
marl'y, a. 
marsh'y, a. 
meal'?/, a. 
milk'y, a. 
might'?/, a. 
mis'ty, a. 
moor'y, a. 
moss'y, a. 
moth'?/, a. 
mould'y, a. 
mud'dy, a. 
need'y, a. 
ner'vy, a. 
noi'sy, a. 
oil'y, a. 
palm'?/, a. 
pearl'?/, a. 
pitch'?/, a. 
pith'y, a. 
rain'y, a. 
reed'y, a. 
reek'y, a. 
rock'y, a. 
rust'?/, «. 
sand'y, a. 
seed'y, a. 

scal'y, a. 
shad'owy, a. 
shad'y, a. 
shag'g?/, a. 
shel'ly, a. 
sin'ewy, a. 
sla'ty, a. 
sli'my, a. 
smok'?/, a. 
snow'?/, a. 
soot'y, a. 
speed'y, a. 
spi'cy, a. 
spi'ry, a. 
spon'gy, or 
spun'gy, a, 
spot'ty, a. 
sprig'g?/, a. 
spring'y, a. 
squal'ly, a. 
star'ry, a. 
steel'y, a. 
sto'ney, a. 
storm'y, a. 
stream 'y, a. 
thirst'y, a. 
thorn'y, a. 
turfy, a. 
vein'y, a. 
wat'ery, a. 
wa'vy, a. 
wealth'y, a, 
whey'ey, a. 
wiiid'y, a. 
wit'ty, a. 
wood'y, a. 
wool'ly, a. 
word'y, a. 
worth'y, o. 
yest'y, a. 



3. To Verbs. 

Ate,* denotes lo make, to give, to put, or to take : 
as, ren'ovfi/e, to make new again ; frus'tra/e, to 
make vain ; a.n'imate, to give life ; m\\g'oYate, 
to put vigour in or into ; Gxon'ev ate, to take the 
burden from or out. 

abbre'via^e, v. 
ab'dica/e, v. 
ab'roga^e, v. 
accerera/e, v. 
accei/tua^^, v. 

capit'ula/e, v. ded'icaie, v. 

cap'tiva/e, v. defecate, v. & a. 

commem'ora/e, v. degen'era/^, v. & a. 

commen'sura^t?, v. delin'ea^e, v. 

& a. 

accom'moda^^j v. coxoxaWtxate, v. 
& a. commu'nica^e, v. 

accu'mula/^j v. compen's«/^, v. 
ac'tua/e, u. com'plica/e, v. 

adul'tera/e, v. &. a. concat'ena^^, v. 
agglom'era/^j v. concen'tra^t?, v. 
ag'gTavaie, u. concil'ia/e, «. 

ag'itale, v. confis'cafe, v. 

al'ienaie, v. congla'cia/e, v. 

a-VkaVizaie, v. & a. conglo'Tjafe, v. 

alle'viafe, v. 
am'putaie, v. 
■dn'hnate, v. & a. 
anni'hila^e, v. 
antic'i-paie, v. 
an'tiqua^g, v. 
appro'pria^^, v. 
Six'iogate, V. 
assim'ila^e, v. 

conglu'tinai^, v. 
congrat'ulai^j v. 

demon'strai^, v. 
dienovci'mate, v. 
depop'ulaf^j v. 
dep'reca^e, v. 
de'via/e, v. 
diic'iate, V. 
dilac'era/^j v. 
dilap'ida^e, v. 
dislocate, v. 
dissem'ina^^, v. 
dis'sipafgj v. 
du'plica/e, V. & n. 
ed'uca/e, v. 

con'gregofgj v. &. a. effec'tua^^, v. 
con'juga^^j V. eVevate, v. 

con'secrate, v. 
consol'ida/e, v. 
corrob'oia/^j v. 
cremate, v. 
cuVtivaie, v. 

a.s&o'ciaie, v. & a. debil'ito^e, v. 
atten'ua/e, v. & a. deca^'itate, v. 
authen'tica/e, v. dedorate, v. 

eloTi'gate, v. 
e\\x'c\datej v. 
ema'ciaf^, v. 
eman'cipa^e, v. 
eroHgiate, v. 
enexWate, v. 
eriu'xxiexate, v. 
enuu'ciate, v. 

* This (iJ/Li or termination, in some cases, adds nothing to the meaning 
of its verb. 



eqniv'ocate, v. 

eiad'icate, v. 

cvac'uate, v. 

evap'ora/^, u. 

evis'cera/e, v. 

exac'eihate, v. 

exag'gerate, v. 

exas'pera/^, v. 

ex'cavaie, v. 


excru'cia^^j v. 

exfoliate, v. 

exhil'ara/e, v. 

exon'erate, v. 

expa'tia^^j v. 

ex'piate, v. 

ex'plicate, v. 

exsic'cate, v. 

exten'nate, v. 

extex'minaie, v. 

extii'-pale, v. 
ex'tricale, v. 
exu'herate, v. 
fah'ricate^ v. 
faclVitaie, v, 
ielic'itate, v. 
flufc'tua/5j V. 
fTus'tr«<<?, V. 
fu'vaigale, v. 
grad'vLaiey v. &. n< 
grav'ita/^, v. 
ger'tniiiatej v. 
hes'itaiej v. 
Slu'minate, v. 
im'itate, v. 
im'mola^e, v. 
im'plicate, v. 
im'preca^^, v. 
incapac'ita/^, v. 
incar'cera/g, v. 
incor'porafe, v. 
incnVcalef v. 

incux'vaie, v. 

in'dicaie, v. 

in'dura^^, v. 

inelniatey v. 

ingia'tiate, v. 

mh.\x'vixate, v. 

init'iate, v. & a. 

in' no\ at By v. 

inoc'ulfl^fj V. 
V. insin'ua^^, v. 

in'stiga^e, v. 

inter'pola/^, v. 

intev'iogate, v, 

intim'ida^i?, y. 

intox'ico^e, v. 

inun'da/g, v. 

inve^'tigate, v. 

invig'Qxate, v. 

ina'Aiate, v. 

ir'ngate, v. 

liq'uida/e, v. 

me'diate, v.&. a. 

med'ita^^, v. 

MiQliorate, v. 

Toit'igate, v. 

mod'ula^g, v. 

naVigate^ v. 

neces'sita^e, v. 

nego'cxate, v. 
. ohlh'erale, v. 

ob'\iale, v. 

op'exate, v. 

orig'ina/^, v. 

■pal'liate, v. 

Y>aVpitale, v. 

partic'ipa^^, v. 

per'egrina/f, v. 

■pen'etrale, v. 

■pex'forate, v. 

■pev'petiate, v. 

perpet'uafe, v. 

per'aov.ate, v. 
precijp'itate, v. & n. 
predes'tina^e, v. 
predom'ino/g, v. 
prepon'dera^e, v. 
procras'tina^^, v. 
inop'agate, v. 
propit'ia/e, v. 
-protn^heratej v. 
xean'imaie, v. 
recapit'ula/gj v. 
xegQu'evaie, v. 
xeg'alaie, v. 
xeh'exaie, v. 
remon'stra^^, v. 
xen'oy-iie, v. 
xejp'xohate, v. a. & ;k 
xe-pn'diale, v. 
xesus'citaie, v. 
xctaViate, v. 
reverberate, v. 
sat'uxate, v. 
sophis'ticait?, v. 
sipec'ulate, v. 
stim'ula^^, v. 
sti-p'ulate, V. 
suh'^ugafe, v. 
substan'tia/e, v. 
suffocate, v. 
superan'nua^e, l'. 
ter'mindte, v. 
toVexale, v. 
uYccxate, v. 
va'cate, v. 
yax'iegate, v. 
xeg'etate, v. 
xen'exate, v, 
yii'hxate, v. 
V in'dicaie, v. 
yit'iate, v. 
vitu'pera/i?, v. 



En, denotes to make: as, leng'thew,, to make long; 
(\mck'en, to make quick or alive; glad'de;?, to 
make glad. 

blaclfew, V. 
bri'ghten, v. 
cheap Vw, v. 
dar'ke?i, v. 
dead'era, v. 
deafen, v. 
deeip'eii, v. 
disheax'ten, v. 
emhol'deji, v. 
eTi]\ght'en, v. 
enli'ven, v. 
fas'tewj V. 
fdt'teii, V. 
glad'dew; v. 
hax'den, v. 

ha'sten, v. 
height'en, v. 
imbol'dfiji, V. 
leng'thera, v. 
les'sen, v. 
light'ew, V. 
]i'ken, v. 
loo'sen, V. 
moi'stenj v. 
quiclce^ij V. 
red'den, v. 
requiclcen, v. 
ri'pen, v. 
rough'^TZ, V. 
shax'^en, v. 

ahox'ten, v. 
siclc'era, V. 
smoothVn, v. 
sof 'ten, V. 
stiffen, V. 
strait'en, v. 
straight'^n, v. 
streng'then, v. 
sweet'en, V. 
thic'ke/i, V. 
threat 'eft, v. 
tight'ere, V. 
wealcew, V. 
Vi\a'ien, v. 
wi'den, V. 

Fy, denotes to make : as, mag'ni^, to make 
great; sanc'ti/j/, to make ho\y; ipu'ri ft/, to make 

am'pli/?/, V. 
beau'ti/z/, u. 
cer'ti/y, V. 
clax'ifl/, V. 
cxw'cify, V. 
dt'ify, V. 
dig'ni/^/, v. 
diver'si/y, v. 

ed'i/y, t^. 
exem'pli/y, r. 
M'sifi/, V. 
for'ti/'y, i;. 
French'i/y, v. 
fxuc't'ifi/, V. 
glo'rifi/, V. 
gx&t'ify, V. 
indem'ni/^, v. 

jus'tify, V. 
leu'i/z/, V. 
liq'ue/^, v. 
mag'ni/j/, v. 
rno'di/y, v. 
mol'li^, V. 
xnox'iify, v. 
no'ti/y, 1). 
nulli/^/, i;. 
os'si/y, V. 
pac'i/^, V. 
person'!/^, v. 
pet'ri/y, f. 
pu'ri/y, u. 
pu'tri/z/, ?!. 

quari/2/j v. 
ram'i///, v. 

rar'e/«/, v. 
xai'ify, v. 
xec'tify, v. 
Tu^hify, V. 
sanc'tify, v. 
sat'isfy, v. 
scar'i/y, v. 
sig'ni/^, V. 
sipec'ify, v. 
stu'pfy, V. 
tox'xefy, V, 
iQx'x'fy, V. 
tes'tify, V. 
typ'i/V/, V. 
ver'i/j/j V. 
yex^sify, v. 
yiVify, V. 



IsH, denotes to make : as, ^v/ish, to make an end ; 
\i\ih'\ish, to make public ; flour'i^/z, to make 
flowery ; siaib'Ush, to make stable or firm. 

abol'?*^, V. 
accom'pli*^, v. 
aAxnon'ish, v. 
aston'tsA, V, 
blan'dtsA, v. 
hlem'ish, v. & n. 
bran'dw^, v. 
hnr'nish, v. 
chei'ish, v. 
demol'i^^, V. 
Ciimin' ish, v. 
distin'guw^, v. 
embellish, v. 
empov'eris^, v. 

enfam'i^^, v. 
enxsiv'ish,^ v. 
establish, v. 
evaxVishy v. 
extiiVgnish, v. 
fam'ish, v. 
&n'ish, V. 
floiir'is^, V. 
fux'nish, V. 
gax'nish, v. 
lan'guish, v. 
lav'ish, V. & a. 
nour'ish, v. 

■poVish, V. 
pre-establw/jj v. 
pub'li^^, t'. 
pun'uA, V. 
Tav'ish) V. 
re-estah'lish, v. 
relin'quisA, v. 
re-plen^ish, v. 
stablJs^, V. 
tar'nish, v. 
unfur'nw^j v. 
van'ish, v. 
var'nish, v. 
van'qmsh, v. 

IzEj-isE, denotes to make, to give : as^ civ'iilze 

to make civil ; fer'tih'ze, to make fruitful ; char'- 
acterfz^^ to give a character ; au'thori^e, to give 

advertise', v. can'terize, v. 

ag'grandize, v. char'acteri;jr^, v. 

ag'onize, v. chas'ti*^, v. 

allegorize, v. cic^atriVe, v. 
anagram'matij^e, v. 

anaVogize, v. civ'iltze, v. 

anath'emati^r^, v. col'oni^r^j v. 

anat'omt^re, v. crit'icise, v. 

apoVogize, v. crys'talli-sf^, v. 

apos'tatize, v. disfran'ch?.'?^, v. 

apos'trophf^r^, v. dog'matize, v. 

au'thorise, v. eg'otize, v. 

bap'ti^re, V. enden'ize, v. 

hru'talize, v. enfran'chise, v, 

can'onize, v. epit'omise, v. 

cati'tonize, v. e'qualize, v. 

cat'echise, v. eter'nize, v. 

evan'geli;2r^, v. 
ex' excise, v. Sc n. 
ex'oxcise, v. 
extevn'poxize, v. 
famiViari^f^, v. 
fex'tilize, v. 
for'mali^^, v. 
fran'chi*^, v. & }i. 
geom'etr?;^^, v. 
glut'tonize, v. 
gox'mandize, v. 
hax'moiiize, v. 
hu'manize, v. 
idoVatxize, v. 
i'doL'^r^, V. 
immor'tal/^i?, v. 
ju'ddize, V. 



lat'iuize, v. 
le'galize, tu 
meth'odi*^, v. 
mod'ernis^, v. 
inonoY>'o\ize, v. 
mor'alize, v. 
vayihoVogize, v. 
nat'urali;?^, v. 
or'ganize, v. 
par'tialiare, v. 
partic'ulari;2r^, v. 
-pat'ronize, v. 
jphilo&'oTphize, v, 
phlebot'omi^^j v. 

Yio'etize, v. 
■prac'tise, v. 
YiuVverize, v. 
re'alize, v. 
rehap'tize, v. 
rec'ognize, v. 
sat'irize, v. 
scan'dali^re, v. 
schism'atij^e, v. 
scru'tini^^, v. 
sec'ularijsr^, v. 
sen'sualize, v, 
sig'nali^^, v. 
sin'gulari;?^, v. 

soVemnizej v. 
spir'itualijsr^, v. 
ster'Hize, v. 
stig'matize, v. 
syc'ophanti;8re, v. 
syVlogize, v. 
symlaolize, v. 
sym'pathj^rg, v. 
system'ati^re, v. 
tan'tal?;jf^, v. 
tem'porize, v. 
tyr'annize, v. 
y'lVlanize, v. 
voVatilize, v. 

4. To Adverbs. 

Ly, denotes like, in a — manner or way: as^ joy'- 
f\x\ly, like joyful, or in a joyful manner; affec'- 
ted/y, in an affected way or manner. 

abrupt'/y, ad. 
ab'solute^?/, ad. 
abstrac'ted/j/, ad. 
ahnn'Aanily, ad. 
afFec'ted/y, ad. 
afFec'tionate/y, ad. 
agtee'ahly, ad. 
a'miahly, ad. 
am'icab^^, ad. 
art'ixAly, ad. 
^'i\x\ly, ad. 
beau'tiful/y, ad. 
ho\&'ly, ad. 
boun'tiful/y, ad. 
can'did/?/, ad. 
caxQ'hxlly, ad. 

car'nal/y, ad. 
char'itab/y, ad. 
chil'dish/j/, ad. 
collec'tive/^, ad. 
com'parab/y, ad. 
complete'/?/, ad. 
confor'mab/y, ad. 
confu'sed/y, ad. 
con'sequent/?/, ad. 
consid'erab/y, ad. 
consis'tent/y, ad. 
convin'cing/y, ad. 
cour'teous/y, ad. 
cred'ib/y, ad. 
del'icate/y, ad. 
delight'some/y, ad. 

design'ed/y, ad. 
distinct'/^, ad. 
dogmat'ical/y, ad. 
ea'sily, ad. 
eVegantly, ad. 
ev'ident/v, ad. 
exiplic'hly, ad. 
ex'quisite/y, ad. 
faith'fuUz/j ad. 
fauWily, ad. 
fear'fully, ad. 
fearless/j/, ad. 
feel'ingly, ad. 
Rerce'ly, ad. 
fig'urative/?/, ad. 
fool'ish^y, ad. 



tbr'cib/^j ad. 
for'maU?/, ad. 
for'midab/y, ad. 
gen'eral/i/, ad. 
gen'erous/?/, ad. 
geograph'ical/i/, ad. 
grace'ful/^, ad. 
gra'cious/^, aJ. 
hap'piZ'^, ac?. 
harmless/}^, arf. 
has'ti/y, ad. 
histor'icaU^, ad. 
hon'est/^, ao?. 
hon'ourab/y, cc?. 
humane'/y, ac/. 
hu'moursome/y, ad. 
inciden'taU^, ad. 
iiior'dinate/j/j ad. 
inva'riab/y, ad. 
invis'ib/^, ao?. 
joy'ful^_j/, ad. 
law'ful/?/, ac/. 
legit'imate/j/, ao?. 
logical/?/, ad. 
loose'ly, ad. 
meek'li/, ad. 
melo'dious/y, ad. 
mer'ciful/y, ad. 
mod'estlt/, ad. 

nat'ural/y, ad. 
nom'inaU?/, ad. 
oblig'ing/y, ac?. 
pal'pab/^y, ar/. 
par'tial/y, ac?. 
peace'ab/^, arf. 
percep'tib///, ad. 
per'etnptori/,?/, ad. 
per'fect/y, arf. 
perspic'uous///, ad. 
pi'ous/?/, ac/. 
pleas'ant///, ac/. 
point'ed/?/, ac/. 
polite'/?/, ad. 
precise'/?/, orf. 
prob'ab/i', «</. 
pros'perous///, ad. 
pru'dent/^', gc^. 
public/^, ad. 
rad'ical/^, «(/. 
rap'id///, arf. 
rati'onally, ad. 
rea'sonab/?/, ac/. 
reg'ular/</, ad. 
religi'ous/?/, ad. 
remark'ab/^, ac/. 
res'olute/y, arf. 
^ev'e^ent/^/, ac?. 

safe'/y, ac?. 
satisfac'tori/y, otf. 
sea'sonab/?/, arf. 
selfish/?/, ad. 
sen'sitive/y, ad. 
ser'vile/y, ad. 
silent/y, arf. 
sincere'/?/, «(/. 
sol'eran/y, ac?. 
spee'di/y, «</. 
spir'itual/y, ad. 
stu'dious/j/, ac?. 
sum'mari/y, arf. 
tem'perate/?/, ad. 
torerab/y, ac?. 
touch'ing/j^, ad. 
unjust'/y, ac/. 
unknow'ing/_y, ai. 
unspeak'ab/y, ad. 
use'less/^, arf. 
u'sual/?/, ad. 
vi'olent/j/, arf. 
viti'ou^/y, a(f. 
viv'id/y, arf. 
vol'untari/j/, ac?. 
wic'ked/?/, ad. 
won'derful/?/, ad. 
'wor'thi/y, arf. 
wretch'ed/z/, arf. 

Wahd, denotes zw the direction of, or lookijig to- 
ward : as, west'ward, in the direction of, or look- 
ing to the west ; heav'emvard, in the direction 
of, or hoking toward heaven. 

Sii'texward, ad. 
down'ward^ad.Sc a. 
east'wa7'd, ad. 
for'ward, ad. & a. 
heav^emvard, ad. 
hencefox'ivai'd, ad. 

home'ward, ad. soutWward, ad. * 
in' ward, ad. a. Sin. thith'eriyarrf, ad. 
lee'tvard, ad. thtncefor'tvard, ad. 

norih'ward, ad. uip'ivard, ad. Sea. 
on' ward, ad. Vfei^t'ward, ad. 

oni'ward, ad. & a. Vfind'ward, ad. 





Aborigines,, m. 3. original inhabitants of a country ; 
as, ahorig'inoXj belonging to aborigines, 
aborig'ines, n. aborig'inalj a. 

AcADEM-i^ (ccKoi^yi/i^ix), a grove near Athens, where 

Plato taught philosophy ; hence acad'emy, a school : 

OB, academ'ic, relating to a school or university. 

acad'emy, n. academ'ical, tu academici an, n. 

academ'ic, a. & n. acade'midin, n. acad'emist, n. 

AcE-o, V. 2. to be sour or acid : as, aces'cent, be- 
coming sour or acid. 
aces'cent, a. accto&e', a. ace'tous, a. 

AcERB-i/s, a. bitter, sour, severe : as, ace^-'biiy, a 
being sour or seve7'e. 

acer'bate, v. exacerbate, v. exacerba'tlon, n. 

acer'bity, n. 

AcERV-i7S, m. 2. a heap, a mass or pile : as acer'- 

rate, to heap up 

acer'vate, v. exacerva'tion, n. 

acerva'tion, n. 

AcH-os (a^og),pain: as,iootWach, pain in the teeth. 

ache, or head'«cAe, «. ache, n. 

ake, V. tooih'ache, n. 

I 2 

ACI 102 AER 

AciD-t/s (ah aceo), tart, sour, sharp : as, ac/t/'ity, 
a being sharp or sour. 

ac'id, a. acid'ulse, n. salsoac'ic/, a. 

acid'ity, n. acicf'ulate, v. subac'irf, a. 

ac'ifiness, n.\ac'idj a. 

Acme (^aic^vi), a summit or point: as, ac'riie, the 

summit or height (of any thing). 
Acouo (tfxoy*), fo /z<?o;r : as, acow'srics, the doctrine 

of sounds, (also, medicines to help the hearing.) 

acou'siics, n. otacGu'siic, n. -poXyacou'stic, n. 

^iacou'stic^, n. 

AcR-is, a. sharp : as, acfrimony, a being sharp. 

ac'rid, a. ac'rimony, n. acr^mo'nious, a. 

acVitude, «. 

AcR-oJV («Kgo» of <i>igoj), extremity, end, summit : as, 
^cVospire, (a sprout from) the end of seeds. 

Acrop'olis, n. acVospired, a. acro&'tic, n. 

ctc'rospire, n. 

AcT-c7M, sup. (ago), to do, to act. (See Ago.) 
AcT-us, p.p. (ago), done, acted. (See Ago.) 

Acu-o, u. 3. (^a^ acus, /. 4. a needle), to sharpen : 
as, acute'ness, the state of being «C2<;?(? or sharp. 

ac'uate, v. acu'mi7is,ted, a. acutely, ad. 

acii'leate, a. acute', a. acute'ness, n. 

acu'men, n. 

Adelph-os (a^gX^oj), a brother — iphiladel'phia,, n. 
Aden {k^^v), a gland — adeno^va^hy, n. adenoVogy,Tu 
Adulat-c/m, sup. (o/'adulor, to/awn), to flatter : as, 

adula'toY, one who flatte?-s. 

adula'tox, n. ad'ulatory, a. adula'tion, n. 

Aer (««g), m. 3. the air : as, aerom'etry, the art of 

measuring the air. 

a'eriforvn, a. rtrrolite', n. aeroVc^y, n. 




a'eromancy, n. 
aeroxn'etiyj n. 
a'eronaut, n. 
aeros'copy, n. 
ae'rial, a. 
air, n. & v. 

aii-'mg, n. 
airless, a. 
air'lmg, n. 
air'pump, n. 
air'shaft, n. 

air Y, a. 
ojr'iness, n. 
air'bladder, n. 
oz?''built, a, 
air'drawn, a. 
air'hole, n. 

Aeresis («<^£5-<? ab ui^i6))j a taking. (See Heresis.) 

z.'^hcer'esis, n, dicer'esis.^ n. 

Agger, m. 3. (ad et gero), a heap 
exag'gerB,iQ, v. exaggera'tion, n. 

Agil-iSj a. swift, active : as, agil'iiy, a being swiji 
or active, 
ag'ilej a. ag'Ueness, n. agil'iiy, n. 

Agit-0, v. {ab ago), to drive, to move or stir, to think of 
or meditate : as, ag'itoie., to put in motion ; cogi- 
ta'tion for conagita'tion, the act of thinking. 

ag'itate, v. cog'itate, v. excog'itate, v. 

ag'itaXAe, a. cog'itativQ, a. incog'itat'wt, a. 

agita'tion, n. cogita'iion, n. inco^'ifancy, n. 
agiia'toT, n. 

Agmen, n. 3. (ah ago), an arw.y on marolij a troop. 

ag'minal, a. 

Ag-0, v. 3. to do, act, lead, drive: as, ft'^ent, one who 
does or acts (for another) ; amhig'nous, acting 
round ahout, (doubtful). 

acty n & V. 
ao't'vic, a. 
oc'^ively, acL 
ac7iveness, n. 
actWity, n. 
ac'tor, n. 
ac'/ress, n. 
ac'tion, n. 
ac'/ionable, a. 

ac'tual, a. 
ar'itiaily, ad. 
oc7«alness, n. 
ac'ticaxy, n. 
ac'tuate, v. & a. 
adac7ed, a. 
a'gent, n. 
a'gency, n. 
amba'^es, n. 

amhigu'ity, n. 
ambi^wous, a. 
amhig'uoasly, ad. 
ambi^'wousness, n. 
aiVteact, n. 
circumnav'«/7ate, v. 
circxxmnaviga' t\or\,n 
circumnav%a/or n 




overact', v. 
prod'i^al, a. Sen. 
prod'i^ally, ad. 
Y>rodigal'ity, n. 
react', t>. 
reac'^ion, n. 
Te-enact', v. 
subac7ion, n. 
transact', v. 
transac'rion, ». 
unac'/ive, a. 

exlgu'iiy, n. 

coac'tion, n. exi^'wous, a. 

coac't'ive, a. inaction, n. 

co'ffQYd, a. inactive, a. 

co'^ently, ad. inactively, ad. 

counteract', v. inacViveness, n, 

enact', V. inactix'ity, n. 

enac'toT, n. man'age, V. 

exact', a. & v. man'a^eable, a. 

exact'ly, ad. man'ager, a. 

exac'loT, n. nav%able, a. 

exaci'ness, n. nav^ableness, n. underaction, n. 

exac'tion, n. mv'igate, v. unexac7ed, a. 

ex'igence, n. uavi^a'^ion, n. unnav%able, a. 

ex'igency, n. nav'igatoT, n. \icea'gent, n. 

ex'igeiit, a. outact', v. 

Agogeus {uyayivg ab kya, to guide), a leader or 
guide : as, &QYcv'agogue, a leader of the people. 

apa^o^'ical, a. emmen'agogue, n. -ped'agogue, n. 
dem'agogue, n. mys'tagogiie, n. -piy^'Yciagogue, n. 
hy'dragogue , n. Y>axagoge, n. syn'agogue, n. 

A.GON, m. 3. {kyav), a combat, a contest : as, ant^^- 
o/2ist, one who combats against (or with another). 

ag'ony, n. agonis'tes, n. anta^'onist, n. 

ag'omzQ, v. ag'onism, n. antag'onize, v. 

Ager, agii, m. 2. a fields land : as, agra'risLn., relating 
to fields or lands. 

agra'riar\, a. a^Viculturist, n. 'p^regnna'tion, n. 

agres'tic, a. ■peT'egrinate, v. per'egrme, a. 

ag'ricultnre, n. 

Ala, f.\. a wing — <:</2f'erous, a. alig'erous, a. 

Alectryon (^uXiKT^vav), a cock. 

alec' try ovaancy, n. aleclrgoin'achy, n. 

Alexeo {li,Xi%iu), to ward off, to assist. 

Alexan'der, n. ale^iter'ic, or o/^cYiphar'niic, a* 

a/fcran'drine, a. alexiter'ical, a. 

ALG 105 ALO 

Alg-eo, v. 2. to be cold or chill : as^ alglflt, mak- 
ing or producing cold. 

al'g'idi, a. indulge', v. in^uVgeni, a. 

algid'ity, n. m^ul'gence, n. indw/'^entlyj ad. 

algif'ic, a. indw/'^ency, n. 

Algebra (Amb.)^ arithmetic hy lettcis. 
aVgehra, n. algehra'ic, or 

algebra'ht, n. algebra'icsX, a. 

Alg-os {uXyoi), pain : as, oial'gio,, a pain in the ear, 
sxiial'glc, a. cephala/'^ia, n. otal'gia, n. 

cardia^'^ia, n. odontar</ia, n. 

ALiEN-t7S_, a. (ah alius), another, foo-eign. 

Bba'lienate, v.. a'lienaie, v. & a. iua'liendble, a. 
a'lien, n. aliena'tion, n. uxiaTienablej a. 

a'lienahle, a. a'lias, ad. a/'iquant, a. 

Alkali '" (Eg}^')t. or Arab.) an herb, or any substance 
70hen mingled with acid , producing fermentation . 

al'kali, n. alkal'izate, v. & a. alkale&'cent, a. 

al'kaline, a. alkaliza'tion, n. 

All AX-IS (aXXalj? ab uxy^oca-croi), a change, difference. 

'pzit'aUax, n. -paxallac'tic, a. ■paTailac'tical, a. 

Allel-on" (liXXyMJv), one another, each other : as_, par''- 

allel, (straight hnes equidistant) from each other. 

'pax'allel, a. n. 8c v. para^^g/'ogram, n. unpar'a/Ze/ed, a. 
"pax'allelism, n. paraZ/e^pi'pedj a. 

All-os («AAd5), another: as, al'legoiy, z. figurative 
discourse, having another meaning than the Hterah 

al'legory, n. allegor^ic, or a//egor'ically, ad. 

al'legoxize, v. ailegoT'ical, a. 

Al-o, v. 3. to nourish, to grow : as, a/mien'tary, per- 
taining to food or oiourishment. 
«/'iment, n. a/imen'tal, a. a^imenta'tiom, n. 

*AlkaU (from al, the, and Icali, a plant) was first applied to a salt obtain- 
ed from the ashes of burnt kali, and is now a general term for an order 
of salts of great use a id impor tance in diemistry. 


rt/niien'tary, a. coa'es'cence, n. 

a/imen'tarinessj n. coalili'on, n. 

al'imony, n. coalesce', v. ina/imen'tal, o,. 

Alv-es, m. 3. ver2/ high tnountains, separating Itali, 
from France, Switzerland, and German?/, 
al'pine, a. cisal'pine, a. transa/'pine, a. 

Alpha {uX<pujU.),Jirst letter in the Greek alphabet. 

al'pha, n. alphabet' icaX, a. a^jo/jobet'ically, ad. 

al'phahet, n. 

AlteRj a. another, change : as, al'tO'sMe, that ma\ 
be changed. 

ad?£/7erate, v. & a. dLdiul'tery, n. altera'tion, n. 

adultera'iion, n. al'ter, v. al'ierative, a. 

adul'ierer, n. al'terahle, a. unadz^/'/^rated, a. 

adul'teress, n. al'tcrahly, ad. unal'terahle, a. 

adul'terine, ?i. al'ferahleness, n. unal'terahYy, ad. 
adul'terow^, a. al'lerant, a. 

Alter^-us, a. one after another, hy turns : SiS, alter- 
nate, being b?/ tin'ns. 

altern', a. alter'7iacy, n. alier'nati\eness, n. 

alier'ncite, a. & v. alterna'tion, n. alier'nity, n. 

allei'' /lately, ad. alier'natiye, n. alter ca' lion, n, 

altei-'natene&s, n. alter' naibiely, ad. 

Alt-us, a. high, lofty : as_, a/^^/s'onant, sounding /z?]9'/«. 

al't'iiv^de, 11. altim'etry, n. altiv'o\?int, a. 

al'tigrade, a. altis'onant, or exalt', v. 

a//il'oquence, n. altis'onous, a. exalta'tion, n. 

Ambrosia (kt^'^^oa-ioi), the meat of the gods. 

ambro'sia, n. ambro'siai., a, ambro'slan, a. 

Ambul-0^ v. 1. to walk: as, -peTam'bidate, to walk 


am'ble, v. & n. am'bulatOTj, a, deam'bulatOTy, a. 

am'bler, n. anteanibula'tion,n. 

am'blingly, ad. chc\imam'bulate,v.-peTam'buiate, v. 

ambiila'tion, n. deambula't'wn, n. j^exambula'tion, n. 

AMI 107 ANG 

Auic-us, m.2. Cab a.m.o), a friend : am' ity, friend- 
ship, or state of he'mgfriendli/. 

am'ity, n. am'icableness, n. en'mity, n. 

am'icahle, a. * en'emy, n. imm'ical, o. 

am'icably, ad. 

Am-o^ v. \.to love: as, a'midhle, worthy to be loved, 
a'midble, a. am'orist, n. amatexxr', n. 

a'miahly, ad. am'oron?,, a. am'atory, a. 

a'7?n'ablenessj n. am'orously, ad. amato'xiaX, a. 
amour' J n. arn'orousness, n. enam'our, v. 

Amvl-vSj a. large : as, am'pliiy, to make large, 
am'ple, a. am'pHQer, n. 

am'ply, ad. amplifying, a. 

am'pleness, n. ampli^ca,' iiouj n. am'plitudey n. 

am'plify, v. 

Anas, anat-/5, /. 3. a duck or drahe — anati{'<dXQW's>, a. 

Anem-os, (avsjitos), the wind. 

«ne7?2og'raphy, n. anem'one, n. anem'oscope, n. 

anemom'eter, n. 

Aner, andr-os (4v>5g, ky^^og), a man: as, andro^dir- 
giis, a wa?2-eater, (a cannibal.) 

androg'ynw's,, n. An'dreiv, n. Andron'icw?,, n. 

androg'ynal, a. Alexaji'dei', n. androt'omy, n. 

a?idrog'ynaXly, ad. Alexan'dria, 71. anrfroph'agus, n. 

ANGEL-Lot (kyyiXXoj), to h'ing tidings : as, Q\an'^ 
geli&t, one who brings oi publishes good tidings. 

an'gel, n. avchan'gel, n. evanger\Ci\\j a. 

angel'ic, a. archajigel'ic, a. evan'gelize, v. 

angel'ical, a. e\an'gel\?,t, n. gos'pel, n. (Sax.) 

cw^e/'icalnesSj n, evan'gelism, n. 

ANGi-oJvt (uyyziov ab ct,yyoq), a vase, a vessel. 

angiog^Ta^hy, n. an'^iomonosper'- a7rgiot'omy, n. 
angioVogy, n. mous, a. 

* For the prefix en in e«emy, ewmity, see p. 2. and 26. 
f yor g, before y g> x ky z '^'''' '" Gveek, sounds like ' ng' . and accord- 
ingly, in English, il assumes that/o;i». 

A NO 108 ANN 

Ang-o, v. 3. to stifle, to vex ; anxi, perf. / am vexed 
or solicitous, anxi'eiy, state of being solicitous, 
ang'uhh, n. ang'ry, a. anx'ion?,, a. 

a?i^'«ished, a. ang'rily, ad. anx'ioxxAy, ad. 

ang'er, n. Sc v. anxi'ety, n. ancc' iousness, n. 

ang'erly, ad. 

Angul-(7S^ m. 2. an angle QX comer : aSj ang'ul-dj, 
belonging to an angle or corner, 
ang'le, n. \-nvi\{ang'uldx\v,ad. rec'tangle, n. 

ang'ular, a. rec'tangular, a. 

ang'ulaxXy, ad. obi\x%ang'ula.T, a. xec'tangichAy^ ad. 
angidaj'ity, n. octang'ulax, a. %e^tang'ulax, a. 

ang'ulsited, a. •per\ta7ig'ida,Y, a. &exang'ula.T, a, 

<\\.\Si^'r angle, n. txVangle, n. 
ang'tiion-i, a. qa.a(W'aiigiila,r, a. triang'ulax, a. 

cnu.ltang'ula.r, a. qninquang'ulaT, a. 

An -US, f. 4. an old woman, 
anile', a. anil'ity, n. 

Anima, /. 1. a breeze or wind, the vital air or breathy 

life, or sold: as^ an'imdXQ, to give life. 

an'imdX, n. & a. an'imated, a. exanima'tion, n. 

animal'culc, n. anima'tion, n. man'imate. a. 

animal'iiy, n. an'imatiye, a. luan'imatQdi, a. 

«n/mable, a. an'imatox, n. Tean'imate, v. 

an'imate. v. & a. exan'imate, a. traiisanima'tion, n. 

Anim-uSj m. 2. the 'mind, or thinking principle: as, 
\xT^anrm'\i^ , the being of one mind, or oneness of 

am'madvert', u. equa^i'imous, a. pusillan'i7!zous, a. 

a?iimadver'ter, n. magna/iiTO'ity, n. pusillan'imousness, 
araimadver'sion, n, magua?i'i??ious, a. n. 

a«??«adver'sivej a. maguaTi'Jmously, wwanim'iiy, n. 

animosity, n. ad. unan'fwous, a. 

equarajm'ity, n. pusilla/iim'ity, n. nwan'imows^y, ad. 

A'NN-uSj m. 2. a year : as, \Aen'nisX, of or belonging 
to two years, 
an'nals, n, an'nalht, n. anniv&c'sary,n.8i.a» 




an' no Dom'ini, or decen'^ital, a. 

an^nua\, a. 
i/.7i'w«ally, ad. 
annu'ity, n. 
annu'itaxity n. 
h'leii'nidX, a. 
cente/i'/iial, a. 

quadren'?iial, a. 
quinqu^?i'nial, a. 
septe?i'?^^al, a. 
sexen^nial, a. 
superari'/iMate, v. 
superannwa'^ion, n 
triera'wial, a. 

semiaw'ww/arj a. 

millen'rtium, n. 
mill^«.'ratal, a. 
mille/iaVfan, n. 
millenary, a. 
octen'mal, a. 
pere?i'nial, a. 
perenViity, ». 

Annul-us, m. 2. f<:^<^ annus 
an'nular, or au'jiulet, n. 

an'nulary, a. 

Ansa, /. 1. the handle of a cup or vessel — an'sated, a, 
Anth-os {(xy6oi), a flower. 

anthoVo^y, n. exanthem'atous, a. -polyau'lhus, n. 

exanthem'a.ta, n. 

Anthrop-os {uvS^MTTog'), a man : as_, iphiV anth'opjj 
the love of ma7i. 

an'ihropoVogy, n. a^pYi'ilan'thropy, n. Y>hi[an'thropht, n. 
an'ihropomox'- cynan'thropy, n. •philanihrop'ic, a 

phite, n. lycan'thropy, n. 

an'ihropo-p'athy, n, vnhan'thropy, n. 
an'fhropoph'agi, n. mis'anihrope, or 
an'/'Arojooph'agy, 7i. misan' thropht, n 
an'ihropos'o-phy, n. ■philan'thropy, n. 

Antiqu-i/s, a. old or ancient: as an'tiqudjcj, one 
who is studious of old or ancient things. 

an'tiquary, n. antique'nesSf n. an'cientry, n. 

antiqica'Tiau,n.8i a. antiq'uity, n. an'tic, a. & n. 

an'iiquate, v. an'cient, a. & n. an'cestor, n. 

anVjgwatedness, n. an'ciently, ad. an'cestxa\j a. 

antique.', a. o»'t;ien(;ness, n. an'cestvy, n. 

Antl-os (^vtAos), an engi^ie for drawing water, 
exani'late, v. exanlla'tion, n. 

Apert-uSj p. p. (ah aperio), opened. (See Aperio.j 
ArERi-o, V. 4. (ab ad et pario), to open. 

ape'rient, a. o'veri , a. o'vert ness, n. 

aper'ilivef a, o'ueri ly, ad. ap'eriuie, n. 



ist, n. 

APH 110 ARB 

Aphrodit-e (kip^o^iTyi ab kp^ofj /bam J J Venus j the 
goddess of love. 

antaphi-odil'ic, a. aphrodisi'acal, a. hennaphrodii'ical, 
aphrodia'iac, a. hermajpA'rodite, n. 

Af-is, f. 3. a bee — a'pisiry, n. 

ApT-t/5, a. jit, meet: as^ ^Aapt' , to fit to. 

adap/', V. apt^y, ad. ineptly, ad. 

adapta't'ion, a. apt'neas, n. inejo'/itude, n. 

ada/)/'edj a. coapta't'ion, n. anapt', a. 

apt, a. inap'titude, n. unapt'ness, n. 

ap'titude, n. inept', a. 

AciVAjf. 1. water: asj aquaficj belonging to water, 

a'qua, n. aquat'ic, a. a'queousness, n. 

aquafor'tis, n. a'quatWe, a. aquos'ity, n. 

aqtiamBxi'ndi, n. aq'ueduct, n. terra'^'Meous, a. 

aquawVtse, n. a'queous, a. suba'^'weous, a. 

Aquil-a, /.I. an eagle — acfuilYVLO,, a. 

Ar-o, v.\. to plough: as, ar'ahlQj that may be 

ar'flble, a. ar'atory, a. inar'able, a. 

ara'tion, n. 

Arane-uSj m. 2. a cob-web : as^ ara'neoM?:, a. 

Arbiter, m. 2. an umpire ox judge : as^ ar'bitrsXej 
to judge of, (to decide.) 

ar'biter, n. ar'bitrary, a. 

ai''bitress, n. ar'bitvTde, v. ar'bitrax'Ay, ad. 

ar'bitrahl'i, a. arbitra'tion, n. ar'6i7rariness, n. 

arAi^Vament, n. arbitra'tOT, n. 

Arbor, /. 3. a tree : as, ar'borarj, belonging to trees, 
ar'boraxy, a. ar'borist, n. ar'bour, n. 

arbo'reons, a. ar'iorise, v. ar'buscle, n. 

ar'boretf n. 




Arche {ct,^%n), the beginning, rule, government : as, 
ar'ckaism, an ancient idiom; -^oUnarch, a ruler 
of a family or race. 
a.n'arch, n. arc&presHbyter, n. 

dLa'archy, n. ArcheWvi^, n. 

anar'cAical, a. ar'chetype, n. 
antimonar'cAicalja. arc^ety'pal, a. 
arch, a. Archi^p'pus, n. 

archaioYogy, n. arcAdiac'onal, a. 
archaiolog'ic, a. arc/iiepis'copal, a. 

ar'chitect, n. 

archiitcton'ic, a. 

architec'tMxe, n. 

arc/iitec'turalj a. 

a7-chitec'tive, a. 

ar'chitrave, n. 

ar'chives, n. 

Aristar'c/ius, n. 

ar'chaism, n. 
archan'gel, n. 
arch&ngeVic, a, 
arcAbish'op, n. 
arcAbish'opric, n, 
arc^chan'ter, n. 
arcAdea'con, n. 
arc/idea'conry, n. 
«?r/idea'conship, n.cinV'iarch, n. 
«rcAduke', n. he\i'uirchi/, n. 

archduch'ess, n. \\Vexarch, n. 
arcAphilos'opher^w. hierarc^'al, a. 
arcApreFatCj n. hi'txarchy, n. 

hxerar'chicaX, a. 
mon'arch, n. 
xnonar'chal, a. 
monar'cAical, a. 
mon'arc^ise, v. 
xnon'archy, n. 
xnyx'iarch, n. 
myste'xiarch, n. 
oVigarchy, n. 
oligar'c^al, a. 
pa'triarc/z, n. 
patriar'cAal, a, 
patriar'cAatej n. 
patriarcA'ship, », 
-pa'ixiarchy, n. 
procatar.r'is, n, 
procatarc7ic, a. 
te'txarch, n. 
tetxar'chate, or 
tet'xarchy, n. 

Arct-os (k^xroi), a bear, the north. 

arc'tic, a. axitarc'tic, a. arctu'ius, n. 

Krc-vs, m. 4. a bow, arch, or vault. 

arc'uate, a. arch, iu & v. arch'ex, v. 

arcwbal'isterj n. arch'ed, a. arch'exy, n. 

Ard-eo, v. 2. to burn, to de»ire eagerly. 

ar'dent, a. ar'dency, n. ar'doux, n. 

ar'dexitly, ad. 

Ardu -US, a. high, steep, difficult, 
ar'duous, a. ar'cfttousness, n. 

Aren-^j /. 1. sand : as, (zrewa'ceous, full of sand. 

«rena'ceous, a. 

areJiosQ , a. 

aren'ulous, a. 

ARE 112 ARM 

Are-O;, v. 2. to be dry : arid' it j, state of being diy. 
ar'efy, v. ar'idj a. arid'ity, n. 

arefac'tion, n. 

A RE-OS (a^xiog), porous — areot'ic , n. 

Ares (a^>i?, u^tog), Mars-A)-eo-p'agus, n. ^reop'aglte, n. 

Argent-U3/^ n. 2. silver — ar'gent, a. 

Argill-^j /. 1. potters clay. 

ar'gilj n. argilla'ceoxis, a. argil'louSy a. 

Arg-os (oi^yog), idle, inactive. 

leth'arffY, n. lethar'^ic, a. lethar'^icness, n. 

Argu-Oj v. 3. to argue, to reason : as, ar'gu%x, one 

vrho reasons. 

ar'gne, v. argumen'isl, a. ar (/Mm en'tative, a. 

ar'fpier, n. ar^wmenta'tion, n. unar'^wed, a. 

ar'guaient, n. 

Aries, ei-is, m. 3. a ram. 

a'ries, n. arieta't'ion, n. 

Arist-os (u^iirrog), noblest or best : as, aristoc'racj, 

the government of the nobles. 

aristoc'racy, n. aris^ocrat'ic, a. ar?.?/ocrat'icalness,n. 
aristocxdii , n. ari^/ocrat'ical, a. Aristax'c\\.\i^, n. 

Arithi^i-os {k^t6f<.oi)^ number. 

arifh'vnancy, n. arithme t'lcaX, a. arithme iicVau, n. 
arith'meticj n. arithmet'icdiWy, ad. logfarithm , n. 

Any.-A, n. 2. arms : as, a/w/stice, a standing from 
arms, (a short truce.) 

arm, v. armip'otent, a. armo'riBX, a. 

a7'tna'da, n. «r7«ip'otence, a. or'inoTy, n. 

ar'niamtnt, n. ar'mhtice, n. ar'mor\%t, n. 

ar'monr, n. arms, n. 

o?'7?y?g'erous, a. ar'Tnour-bea'rer, n. ar'my, n. 
armh'ononf,, a. ar'morer, n. unarmed', a. 

ARM llo ASl 

ARMENT-t73/_, n. 2. a drove or herd of cattle, 
armen'ial, a. ar'menixrie, a. 

Armill-^^ /. 1. an ornament of the arm^ a bracelet. 

ar'millaxy, a. 

Aromat-^ (Ic^eo^etrct), spices. 

aromat'ics, n. aromat' ical, a. aromatiza'iion, n. 

aromai/icj a. ar'omatize, v. 

Arsen {k^a-tiv), male, strong — ars'emc,n. arsen'ica\,a. 

ArSj avt-isjf. 3. an art, skill: as, «r?'less, without art. 

art, n. ar'ti^CQ, n. ar^'ist, n. 

art'ixA, a. artificer, n, in«r^ifici'al, a. 

ar^'fully, ad. arti^cVal, a. inar/ifici'ally, ad. 

ari'fulnesSj n. ar^ifici'ally, ad. inert', a. 

artless, a. ar/ifici'alness, n. inertly, ad. 

artlessly, ad. artisan', n. xxnart'ful, a. 
aj-/lessness, 7i. 

Arteri-^ (et^rmcc), the wind-pipe, a conical canal. 

ar'tery, n. arte'rial, a. arteriot'oray, n. 

Arthrit-is (u^6^irii ab k^&^ov, a joint), gout. 

ar'thritis, n. arthrit'ic, a. arthrit'ical, a. 

Articul-uSj m. 2. Cabwctus, m. 4. the joints J, a little 

Joint; aSj artic'uhie, haYmgJoitits or distinct -paivis. 

ar'ticle, n. artic'ulateness, n. inartic'ulaie, a. 

artic'ular, a. ariicula'tion, n. martic'ulaiely, ad. 

artic'ulate, a. & v. deartic'ulate, v. inariic'iilateaess, n. 
artic'ulately, ad. exarticula'tion, n. 

Arundo, m-is, f. 3. a reed. 

arundina' ceous, a. arundin'eoxis, a. 

AscE-0 (««rxfA))_, to retire to devotion — ascet'\c, a. & n. 

AsciT-ES {ua-fcirv^i ab UrKOf), a leather7i sack, drcpsij 

of the bell?/. 

asci'tes, n. ascit'ic, a. ascit'ica\, a. 

AsiN-i/s, m. 2. an ass. 
as'inarv, a. as'in'me, a. ass, n, 

K 2 




AsPER, a. rough : as, as'peroie, to make rough, 

as'perate, v. as'perous, a. tixas'perator, n. 

asperafdon, n. asperi£ol.ious, a. exaspera' Hon, n. 

asper'ity, n. exas'perate, v. 

Asthma {uTdf^x), a breath, a gasp. 

ast'hma, n. asthmat'ic, a. antasthmat'ic, a. 

AsTR-oN {oio-re^ov), a star : as, astron'oinj, the laws 

or science of the stors. 

as'terisk, n. astroVoger, n. asiron'oxny, n. 

as'te7'ism, n. astron'oratr, n. 

as'traX, a. astrolog'ic, a. astronom'ic, a. 

asiriferous, a. usirolog'ical, a. as^ronom'ical, a. 

as(rig'eious, a. astrolog'icaHy, ad. flfs^ronom'ically, ad. 

astrog'raiihy, n. a:iiroVogize, v. disas'ter, n. & v. 

Ci^'/rolabe, n. cs^ros'copy, n. disastrous, a. 

astroVogy, n. osVro-theol'ogy, n. disas'/^-ousness, n. 

Athl-os {It&Xci), combat, struggle — oMet'ic, a. 
AtlaSj* ant-OS (^arXccg, oiVTOi), a king of Mauritania. 
At'las, n. Atlan'tic, a. &. ii. 

Atm-os {uT/Liog'), vaj)our, air. 

al'mofi-phere, n. a^mospher'ic, a. a//nospher'ical, a. 

A TONE,, t V. (Eng.), to make at one, to agree, to 
answer for, to expiate, 
atone'y v. alone'inent, n. unatoned', a. 

Atra, a. black : as, at)-am.en'ta\, black, inky. 

afrabila'rian, a. a^ramen'tal, a. a/rabila'riousness, 
a^rabila'rious, a. a/ramen'tous, a. n. 

Atrox, atroc-/5j a. fierce, cruel. 

atro'cioxxs, a. atro'ciousness, n. atroc'ity, n. 

atro^ciously, ad. 

* Atlas was a king of Mauritania in Africa, who, when Perseus showed 
him Medusa's head, was instantly changed into a targ-e mountain, from 
which the contiguous ocean was named Atlantic. The fable, that Atlas 
supported the heavens on his back, arose from his fondness for astronomy, 
and his often frequenting elevated places and mountains, whence he might 
observe the heavenly bodies. A collection of maps is called Atlas, probably 
from a picture of him in this attitude, prefixed to some collection. 

t These words, atone, atonement, in the Scriptural sense, always convey 
the ideas of «<icW^ce, substitution, satisfaction, expiation, and reconcilia' 
tiou. {See Erod. xxix, 3{\ Lev. xvii. 11. Jcb xxxiii. 24. /*, liii. Rom. v.) 

AUG 115 AUR 

AucT-oRj m. 3. f aS augeo)j increase, author. (Sea 

AuDAXj audae-/5ja. (^a^ SLudeo, dare), hold, daring. 

auda'cious, a. auda'ciousness, n. audacity, n, 

auda'oiow^ly, ad. 

AuDi-Oj V. 4. to hear: as_, au'dzhXe, that maybe heard, 

au'dihls, a. au'ditress, n. obey', v. 

au'dibly, ad. au'ditoxy, a. & n. obe'ofience, n. 

aM'rfJbleness, n. disobe?/', r. obe'rfient, a. 

au'di&ncQ, n. disobe'cfiencej n. obediently, ad. 

au'dii, n. & u. disobe'rfient, a. oberften'tid, a. 

au'ditox, n. inau'dihlQ, a. 

AuDiT-c7Sj jo.jt?. (ab audio), heard. (See Audio.) 
AuG-Eo, V. 2. to increase or 7W«^e greater : as, aug~ 

menta'tion, the act of increasing or making greater, 

auc'tion, n. aw^rmenta'tion, n. author'iiaX\\eiy,ad. 

a»/c'/ionary, a. ait'ihor, n. author 'hativeness, 

auciioneer', n. au'thoreas, n. au'thorize, v. [n. 

aw^ment', v. author'ity, n. author'iia! iion, n. 

auff'ment, n. author'iia,tivQ, a. ^xnau' Ihori&tA, a. 

AuGUR, »ra. 3. a priest who predicted from flight 
chirping qx feeding of birds; hence, guess. 

au'gur, n.Scv. augu'r'isiX, a. augura'tion, n. 

au'gurer, n. au'gurons, a. inau'gur-dte, v. 

au'gury, n. au'gurate, v. inaugura'iion, n. 

AuGUST-f/s, a. venerable, grand. 

august', a. august'ness, n. Angus' tus, n. 

Au'gust, n. 

AuL-os (uvXog), a pipe : as, hydrau'lics, the science 
of conveying water through pipes, 
aulet'ic, a. hydrau'lic, or 

hydra7i7ics, n. hydraw'/ical, a. 

AvjL-A, f, 1. a palace, a court — au'lic, a. 
AuR-is,/. 3. the ear: as, awVist, one who cures ears, 

c7<Vist, n. aiiric'ular, a. awsculta'tion, n. 

au'ricle, n. auric'ulaxly, a. 

AUR 116 AVA 

Auii-(;3/. n, 2. gold. 

aunf'erous, a. inaura'/iou, n. 

Auspici-i73f, n. 2. (ab avis et specie, to see), soothe 
saying, or predicting from the flight, chirping, or 
feeding of birds ; hence, lucTcy : as, auspici'ous, 
having omens of success, luchy, 
au'spice, n. auspici'ons, a. auspici' ousness, n. 

auspicVomly, ad. inauspici' o\xs, a. 

AusTER, m. 2. the south wind, the south. 

arts' traX, a. aus' trine, a. Aicstrah'sia, n. 

AusTER-t/s, a. severe, rigid. 

austere', a. atistere'ness, n. auster'xiy, n. 

austerely, ad. 

AUTHENTEO (fitv^svTgiW, aJ kvTog et h?, iVTog, of h(/.i), tO 

act of one's own authority, to authorize : as, azi- 
the?i'ticsite, to make or estabUsh by authority. 

authen'tic, a. authen'tica], a. authen' ticate, v. 

authen'ticaWy, ad. authentic'ity, n. 

authen' ticness, n. 
Author, m. 3. (abQMge6),an increaser. (See Augeo.j 
AuT-os (uvrog), one's self: as, autonVaton, a self^ 

moving machine, or having motion within itself. 

aw^obiog'raphy, n. autograTph'ical, a. auton'ovny, n, 

autoc'rasy, n. aw^ora'aton, n. au'to-psy, n. 

au'tocrat, n. CM^omat'ical, a. awiop'tical, a. 

aw'/ograph, n. autom'atous, a. auto'p'ticaily, ad. 

AuTUMN-i/s, m.2. (ab augeo), season of increase, 
au'tumn, n. autum'nal, a. 

AuxiLi-i/M, n. 2. assistance, help, aid. 

auxil'iaXj a. auxil'iary, a. & n. 

Ky ANT, prep. (Fr.) before, forward : as, van' courier 

one who runs before. 

ava7il' guard, or vanguard , n. advance', v. & n. 

AVA 117 BAL 

advan'cer, n. a,^.vanta'geo^x%\y,adAl^Si^ivanta'geo^x%\yJ 

aduattce'mentj n. adya/i/a'f^eousness, ad. 
adivan'tage, n. & v. n. disadyanto'^^ous- 

adranVaged, a. disadyan'^age, n. ness, n. 
advan'lagegtownd., van, n. 

vari'tagegvound, n. rfln'courier, n. 

advanta'geous, a. ([[saAva.nta'geons,a.van'tage, n. 

AvARiTi-^, /.I. (ab avainis), love or fondness of 
money ; as^ avarici'ous, given to the love of money, 
av'arice, n. avariciously, ad. avarici'oxisxiess, n. 

avarici'ons, a. 

Knu)-vs, a. (ah aveo)j, greedy, eager — avid'ity, n. 
Hv-is, f. 3. a bird. 

aw'spice, n. aMspici'ously, ad. inoMspici'ous, a. 

aMspici'ousness, n. a'viary, n. 

flMspici'ous, a. 

AxiLL-^,/. 1. the arm-pit — ax'ilhr, a. ax'ilhry, a. 
AxiOMA^ n. 3. {u^ia^ci), a maxim, a plain truth, 
which needs no proof — ax'iom, n. 


Babel (7^2; in confusio7i, Heb.) confusion or mixture. 
Ba'hel, n. Babylo'niari , n. Babylo'insh, a. 

Bah'ylovi, n. 

Bacc-^j f. I. a berry, a pearl. 

bacciferoxis, a. bacciv 'orous, a. 

Bacck-us, m. 2. the god of wine, wine, revelry : as, 
^ac'c/?«/zals/easts oi Bacchus, {di!C\XTik&i\revels or 7'iois.) 
bac'chanal, n. bacchait'tes, n. debauch' ex, n. 

bacchana'lian, n. debauch', v. & n. debauch'ery, n. 
bac'chanals, n. debauchee', n. debauch'xneni, n. 

Balne-uMj n. 2. a hath : as^ hal'7iedxj, a bathing -room., 
balneary, n. balnea' tlon, n. bal'neatory, a. 

Balsam-oivt {/5xX(rc/.f^ov), balm, or fragrant ointment. 

balm, n. bal'sam, n. embalm', v. 

bulm'y, a, baham'ic, a. embalm'er, n. 

BAP 118 BEA 

Bapt-o {&ct7cra)j to dip, to vsash, to sprinkle. 

anaiffjo7ist, n. bap'tistery, n. pasdoftajo'rism, n. 

baptize', V. bap'tism, n. paedo6ap'^ist, n. 

bapti'zer, n. baptWrndX, a. rebaptize', v. 

bap'tht, n. 

Bar (1^;, Heb.) a so7i : as^ J5flrjo'nas^ the son of Jonas. 

J5a9-je'sus, n. JBar'nabas, n. ^arthol'oinew, n. 

Barjo'ims, n. jBar'sabas, n. 5artime'us, n. 

BARB-y(, /. 1. a beard. 

barb, n. & v. bar'bed, a. bar'ber, n. 

Barbar-c/Sj a. not a Greek, rude, savage. 

bar'barous, a. barba'rian, n. barbar'iiy, n. 

bar'baroM^lj, ad. barbar'ic, a. bar'barize, v. 

bar'barovisness, n. bar'barism, 7i. 

Barre (Fr.), a bar, a stop : as, eYabar'rass, to make 
or cause a stop or hindrance, {to entangle, to perplex.") 

bar, n. & v. barricafAo, n. & v. exnhar' rassxatnt, n. 

bar'ratox, n. bar'rier, n. di'&Qvnbar'rass, v. 

bar'ratxy, n. bar'rhier, n. \intvabar'rasstdi, a. 

barrica.A.e',n.SLV. embar'rass, v. 

Basis (^ccira), that on which any thing stands or rests; 
henccj lowness ; as^ debase', to make low or mean. 

base, a. & n. debase', v. enibase', v. 

basely, ad. deba'ser, n. embase'ment, n. 

base'ness, n. defia^e'ness, n. 

Bar-OS (/3«cgo?)j weight. 

barom'eter, n. Jar'oscope, a. Bere'a, n. 

iaromet'rical, a. barytone.', n. Bere'ans, n. 

Basil-E[7S (/2x<riXtvg), a king. 

basil'ica, n. bas'ilic, n. bas'ilisk, n. 

basil'ic, a. basil'icon, n. 

Beat-[7s, a. happy, blessed : as, beafitnde, the state 
of being blessed or happy. 

beaf'ify, v. beatifical, a. beatiBca'tiou, n. 

beatific, a. bcatificaWy, ad. beat'itxide, n. 

BEA 119 BIB 

BeaU;, m. (Fr.) a man of dress — Belle, /. (Fr.) a wo^ 
man of dress; hence^/axV, beautiful: as, beau'tj, a 
hemgfair or beautiful ; emberiishj to make beautiful, 

beau, n. beau'tifuWy, ad. beau'leoMsness, n. 

beau'i%hy a. AeaM^ifulness, n. belle, n, 

beau-monde', n. beau'tify, v. belles-le'ttreSj n. 

beau'ty, n. beau'ieous, a. embel'lishj v. 

beau'tiful, a, beau'teously, ad. embel'lishmentf n. 

Bell-um, n. 2. war : as, reJe/'j to war back, (to op- 
pose lawful authority.) 

Tebel'lion, n. 
bellig'erent a. xeb'el, n. rebel'lious, a, 

belli^'otent, a. rebel', v. xebel'liously, ad. 

rebel'ler, n. xebel'liousness, n. 

Bellu-^j /. 1. ant/ lai-ge beast or fish — bel'lume, a. 
BenEj adv. good J well : as_, beneY^olenty willing good. 

benedict', a. bene^'icence, n. benev'olencc, n. 

benedxc'tion, n. benei'icenX, a. beneVolent, a. 

beneisic'iion, n. bene&ci'al, a. benev'olently, ad. 

benefac'tor, n. iewefici'ally, ad. ben'ison, n. 

fienefac'tress, n. Awiefici'alness, n. \\r\benev'o\er\i, a. 

ben'e&ce, n. beneRc'iary, a. iinben'e&ced, a. 

ben'eG.ced, a, ben'e&t, n. & v. 

Benign-us, a. hind, liberal. 

benign', a. benig'nity, n. nnbenign', a. 

benignly, ad. 

Beta {/i), the second letter in the Greek alphabet. 

al'-phabet, n. alphaS^/'ical, a. alphaSef'ically, ad, 

Besti-^,/. 1. a fierce wild beast, any beast. 

beast, n. beasifliness, n, bes'tiaHy, ad. 

beastly, a . bes'tial, a. bestiaVity, n. 

BiBL-os, (iStSAoj), inner bark, paper, a book. 

Bi'ble, n. 4i6//og'rapher, n. biblio\\\'tC2\, a. 

bib'l'ical, a, Jit/iop'olist, n. bihliovaa'ma, n. 




BiB-o, V. 3. to drink : as, imbibe' ^ to drink in. 

iiia'ceous, a. \mhihe\ v. \vi\hibitVox\, n. 

bib'ber, n, imbi'ber, n. wine-iii'^er, n. 

bib'ulous, a. 
BiL-is, /. 3. the bile, melancholy. 

antiii/'ious, a. atraii/aVious, a. hil'isxy, a. 

atraJi/aVian, a. bile, n. bil'ious, a. 

Bi-os {/Siog), life : as^ bio^ra^hjj description of the 
lives (of particular persons.) 
amphii'tous, a. iiog'raphy, n. cen'o6ite, n. 

amphii'iousnessj n. Jiog'rapher, n. cenobit'icalj a. 
autoJiog'raphyj ». iiograph'ical, a. 

Blam-er, v. (Fr.) to censure, to churge with afaidt, 

blame.) v. & n. i^ame'ableness, n. i/amelessness, n. 

bla'mex, n. blame'ful, a. blame' worthy, a. 

blame'ahle, a. blameless, a. nnbla'meahle, a. 

blame'sMy, ad. blamelessly, ad. 

BiNi fa bis) J two by two. 

combine', v. comii/ia'tion, n. 

comfii'Tiablej a. 

Bis, adv. twice, two : as, bi'-ped., two footed (animals.) 

iicap'sular, a. Jtf'i dated, a. Jip'artite, a. 

iicip'ital, or Ji'fold, a. Ji'ped, a. 

iicij/itous, a. ii'formed, a. iip'edal, a. 

bi'corne, or difur'cated, a. iipen'nated, a. 

^tcor'nous, a. big'amy, n. iipet'alous, a. 

Aicor'poral, a. itg'amist, n. 

iiden'tal, a. iiling'uous, a. iis'cuit, n. 

Ajen'nial, a. bi'nary, a. bisect', v. 

hifa'riovLS, a. bin'ocle, n. iisec'tion, n. 

bii'eroxxs, a. imoc'ular, a. Ji'valve, a. 

ii'fid, a. iip'arous, a. ftival'vular, a. 

BiTUMENj n. 3. a fat unctuous matter dug from the 
earth, or skimmed off certain lakes, as the Dead 
Sea in Judea — bitu'men, n. bitu'mi?ious, a. 

BLA 121 BON a. soothing, gentle. 

bland, a. blan'dish, v. blan'dishment, n. 

Blapt-o (/2Xx7rra)j to hinder j to injure : as, bias- 

pheme', to speak evil of God_, so as to impede his 

glory and injure his character. 

Waspheme', v. J/a^'phemous, a. J^aa'phemy, n. 

Wa«phe'mer, n. J/as'phemously, ac?. 

Blema, atos {/3>Sifi,a, xTog, a /3«rAA&'), a throwing or 
putting. (See Boleo.) 

Blep-o {^MTTii), to see — aVlepsy^ n, 

BoLE-o {fio\%ci or lioiXXo)), to cast or throw, to put : 
as, hjiper'bole,^ (a figure of speech in which) any 
thing is thrown or carried beyond (the strict 
truth) ; ^Yob'lem, any thing thrown or put forward 
(for solution.) 

evciblem'ati^i, n. paraio/'ically, ad. 

amphiiol'ogyj n. em'bolus, n. ^avab'ola, n. 

amphifiolog'ical, a. em'bolism, n. para6'o/ism, n. 

arcubal'ister, n. hyper'^o/a, n. parafto/'iform, a. 

bo'lis, n. • hyper'60/e, n. para^'o/oid, n. 

bolt, n. & V. hyperbolic, or prof/lem, n. 

bo'lus, n. hyperio/'ical, a. Y^oblemat'icsX, n. 

diaJo/'ic, a. hyperio/'ically, ad. proJ/emai'ically, arf. 

diafio/'ical, a. h.yperfio/'iform, a. sym'bol, n. 

em'blem, n. symbol'ical, a. 

emblemat'ic, or -par'able, n. sym6o/'ically, ad. 

emblemat'ical, a. parabol'ic, or sym'bolize, v. 

emblemat'ica\[y,ad.Tpaiaborica\, a. symboliza'tion, n. 

BoN-t7S'_, a. good : as, boun'iy, goodness. 

boun'ty, n. iown'teousness, n. bouu'tifxxYly, ad. 

bou7i'teous, a. iown'tiful, a. boun'tifnlne&s, n. 

Jown'teously, ad. 

• For the common acceptation and examples of a llt/perbo^r, sec the 
Author's *' Outlines of English Grammar." 

BOR 122 BRY 

BoRE-.4S {/2o^sxi), the north imnd, the north. 

bo'reas, n. bo'real, a. hypeTbo'vean, a. 

BoTAN-E {(iorocvT/ij d. (ioo), tofeed), an herb, a plant : 
aSj bot'any, the science or study of plants. 

bot'any^ n. boifan\%t, n. botanoY og\%t, n. 

botan'ic, or botanoVogy, n. Jo^anolog'ical, a, 

botan'ical, a. 

Brachi-U3/, n. 2. an arm — brach'ial, a, 

Brach-fs (iSg«%«5):, short — Jr<w?%g'raphy, n. 

Brev-is, a. short, brief: as, brev'itjj a being sho7't. 

abbre'viate, v. sibridg'eT, n. Jreu'ity, n. 

shbrevia'tor, n. a6r»%e'ment, n. brief, a. 

abbrevia'tion, n. brev'iaxy, n, briefly, ad. 

ohbre'viatvixe, n. brev'iat, n. Jrie/'ness, n. 

abridge^ v. hrev^iature, n, 

Brill-er, v. (Fr.), to shine, to sparkle. 

brill'iant, a. & n. &ri//'iantness, n. briU'iaacy, n. 

Broch-e {fi^o^fi, a ^^(^<if, to wet J, moisture, 
em'brocate, v. embroea'tion, n. 

Bronch-os (/3g<jy%05), the throat, the wind-pipe. 
bron'chisX, or bronchot'omy, n. bron'chocele, n. 

bron'cMc, a. 

Brum-^j /. 1. the winter — bru'mzS., a. 

Brut-us, a. brute, senseless : as, bru'tal, belonging 

to a brute or beast. 

brute, a. Sl n. ' brutal'ity, n. hru'ti^hly, ad. 

brute'ness, n. bru'tal'ize, v. bru'tishness, n. 

bru'tal, a. bru'tify, v. ixxxbrute', v. 

bru'taXiy, ad. bru't\%\\, a. 

Bryo (/5^va), to grow : as, eva'bryo, that which 
grows within (another body.) 
em'hryo, n. em'bryon, n. 

BUB 123 CAD 

BuBON (/3o«C&>v), the groin, 
bu'bo, n. buion'ocelef »». 

BucoL-os {^ovKoXoi), a shepherd — bucol'ic, n. & a. 

Bu LB-US J m.2. a round rootj israpt up in skins or 
coats, as onions, tulips, S^c. 
bulb, n. bulb'oMS, a. bulba'ceous, a. 

BuLL-A, f. 1. a bubble in water. 

boil, n. & V. ebulliti'on, n, 

boil'ex, n. 

BuTYR-c7M^ n. 2. butter — ^w^j/ra'ceous, a. 


Cabal Q?'2\i, receiving or tradition, Heb.), the secret 
science of the Hebrew Rabbins; a close intrigue.* 

cabal', n. & v. cabalis'tlc, or caVallox, n. 

cab'alht, n. cabalis'tical, a. 

Cabin (chabin,, Welsh), a cottage, a small room. 

cab'in, n. 8c v. cah'inet, n. caft'enet-makerj n. 

cab'ined, a. caft'inet-council, n. 

C AC-OS {x.xKog), bad, ill : as, cach'exj, an ill habit 
of body ; cacQ-phf ony, a bad sound (of words.) 

anticacAec'tiCj a. cac^ec'tical, a. cacochym'ical, a. 
cach'exy, n. cac'ochymy, n. cacodse'mon, n. 

cachec'tic, a. cacochym'ic, a. cacoph'ony, n. 

CacumeN;, n. 3. the top, a sharp point — cacu'minsite, v. 
Cadaver,, n. 3. (^d cado), a carcase, a dead body, 
cadav'erous, a. 

* This signification of the word Cabal, it is said, owes its original to the 
five Cabinet Ministers in Charles the Second's reign; CUfford, Ashlei/, 
Buckingham, Arlin-gton, and iMuderdale ; this junto were known by the 
name or the Cabal,-— a word which the initial letters of tlicii names liap- 
pcned to compose. 




Cad-Oj v. 3. to /all: as, ca'dence, a. /allmg (of tha 
voice) ; cas'ual, belonging to a fall or accident ; 
coin'ci(/ence, a /ailing in together. 

ac'cirfence, n. cas'walness, n. 

ac'cirfent, n. cas'ualtjj n. 

accirfen'tal, n. & a. cas'uist, n. 
acciden'taUy, ad. c««Mis'ticalj a. 
cas'u'istry, n. 

ca'dence, n. 
ca^dency, n. 
ca'rfent, a. 

cascade', n. 
case, n. 
cas'u3\, a. 
cas'u?^\y, ad. 

coincide', v. 
coin'ctrfence, n. 
coin'cident, a. 
deca'dency, n. 
decay', v. & n. 
decay'er, n. 
decid'uovLS, a. 
in'cideuce, n. 

in'cideiit, a. &. ru 

inciden'tal, a. 
incicfen'tally, ad. 
indecid'uous, a. 
occa'^ion, n. & v. 
occa'sional, a. 
occa'siona,lly, ad. 
occa'sioner, n. 
oc'cirfcnt, n. 

Calamit-^Sj /. 3. (a calamusj a reed), a misfortune, 
calam'ity, n. calam'iious, a. calam'itonsness, n. 

C^B-o, V. 3. to cut, to kill : as, incesi'on, a cutting 
in ; howi'icide, killing a man, or one who kills a 
man ; su-'icide, killing one's self- 

circumcise , v. 
circumcisi'on, n. 
concise', a. 
concise'ly, ad. 
concise'ness, ?». 
concision, n. 
decide', v. 
deci'der, v-. 

dece'^i'on, n. 
deci'sive, a. 
deci'sWely, ad. 
deci'siveness, n. 
deci'sory, a. 
de'icide, n. 
tKcise', n. & V. 

excwc man , n. 
e^scisi'on, n. 
fil'icide, n. 
frat'vicirfc, n. 
hoTCi'icide, n. 
honvci'dd^., a. 

incised', a. 
incisi'on, n. 
inci'sive, a. 
inci'sOY, n. 
inci'sory, a. 
incJs'ure, n. 
indecJsi'on, n. 
infan'ticic?^, n. 

mat'ricirfc, n. 
xaxn'ticide, n. 

par'ricic/e, n. 
parrict'rfal, a. 
parricirf'ious, a. 
precise', a. 
precisely, ad. 
precise 'uess, n. 
precis'ian, n. 
precisi'on, n. 
preci'sive, a. 
recisi'on, n. 
TCg'icide, n. 
soror'icirfe, n* 

C/E 125 CAL 

su'iclde, n. uiicircumcwi'on, n. unexmed', a. 

tyran'niceV/^, n. undeci'rfed, a, \i\ox'\cide, n. 

iincircumcj^ed', a. undeci'^ive, a. \cit'icide, n. 

C^s-C7s, p.p. (a ceedo), cut. (See Ccedo.) 

Calx, 1 /. 3. limestone, any substance reducible to 
Calcis_, j powder by burning. 

calx, n. calcina' tiowy n. uncarciwed, a. 

calcine', v. calcin'aiory, a. 

Calcvl-us, m. 2. fd calx), a small stone or pebble, 
used anciently in the operations of numbers; hence, 
an account or reckoning : as, cal'culoXe, to reckon. 

cal'cul-dte, V. cal'culatoiy, a. cal'culus, n. 

calcula'tion, n. cal'culous, a. iucal'culdhle, a. 

cal'culaiing, a. cal'cule, n. miscal'culate, v. 
calcula'tor, n. 

Cale-0, v. 2. to be warm or hot : as, cal'efy, to make 
or gi'ow hot ; cal'id, hot or burning. 

cal'efy, V. carenlure, n. calorific, a. 

calefac'tion, n. ca/'id, a. inca/es'cence, n. 

calefac'tory, a. calid'ity, n. inca/es'cency, n. 

ca/'drouj n. calor'ic, n. scald, v. &, 11. 

Caligo, mis, /. 3. da7-kness. 

caliga'tiou, n, calig'inous, a. calig'inonsness, n. 

Cal-os {kccXo?), beautiful — ca/^'g'raphy, n. 

Call-17S, m. 2. the skin on the feet or hands, or any 
other jMrt of the body, hardened by exercise; hai'dness. 

ca?'/ous, a, callos'ity, w. cal'lus, n. 

caZVousness, n. 

Calumni-^, /. 1. a false accusation, slander : as, ca- 
lum'niatox, one who forges /a/^e accusation. 

caVumny, n. calu7n'niate, v. calum'niatox, n. 

calum'nious, a. calumnia' tion, n. 

Calypt-0 (x<»Ay3-T(!y), to cover, to veil. 

a\\oc'alupse, 71. ^\>ocalyp't\Cd\,.a, ayocali/p'tkaWy.nd, 

L 2 




Campt-o {KUf^vToi), to bend. 
anaeamp'/ics, n. anacamp'tic, a. 

Caup-us, to. 2. a plain, an open field ; tents in ths 

fields : as^ encamp', to fix or pitch tents. 

camp, n. & v. cham'paign, n. decawjo'ment, ». 

campaign', n. champagne', n. encamp', v. 

campes'tral, a. decamp', v. encamp'ment, n. 

Cancer, m. 3. a crab-fish, a virulent swelling, an eating 

sore : as, can'ceraXQ, to become an eating sore. 

can/cer, n. can'cerous, a. canc'rine, a. 

can'cerate, v. can' cerousness, n. can'ker, n. & v. 

Cande-o, v. 2. to be white, to glow like a coal, to set 

on fire : as,can'didaite,* one who solicits for a place ; 

mcen'diary, one who sets houses on fire, or who 
inflames faction. 

can'dent, a. 

nccen'sion, n. can'dicant, a. incen'diary, n. 

can'di?y, v. can'dle, n. in'cense, n, 

ca7i'douT, n. can'dlestick, n. incense', v. 

can'did, a. Can'd]ejnas, n. incen'sion, n, 

can'didly, ad. chandelier', n. incen'sor, n. 

can'rfidness, n. chandler, n, incen'sory, n. 

^can'didate, n. excandes'cence, n. incen'l'i\e, n. & a. 

Canis, c. 3. a dog, the dog-star. 

can'ine, a. canu/ular, a. 

Cano_, v. 3. to sing : as, can'ticle, a little song. 

ac'cent, n, 
accent', v. 
axxenifuaie, v. 
&ccentua't\on, n. 
accent'ual, a. 
archchan'ier, n. 
cano'rous, a. 
cant, n. & v. 

canta'ta. n. 

canticle, n. 
can' to, n. 
chant, V. & n. 
chanfer, n. 
chan'lress, it. 
chan'try, n. 
chan'ticleer, n. 
charm, n. & v. 
char'med, a. 

char'mer, n. 
char*mmg, a. 
char'mingly, ad. 
char'mingness, n. 
decant', v. 
decan'ter, n. 
decanta'tion, n, 
decharm', v. 
des'cant, n. 
descant', v. 

* Those who sought preferments, among the Romans, were called can- 
iidati, from a white robe (a toga Candida) worn by them, which wa« re« 
dered shining (candens) by the art of the fuller. 




cnchant'j v. recan'ier, n. 

enchan'tbT, n. incanta'iion, n. recania'tion, n. 

enchan'tress, n. incan'tatory, a. Tecan'tatory, a. 

enchan' iingly, ad. -precen'tor, n. snhcImn'ieT, n. 

encAan/'mentj n. recant', v. vatic'fnate, v. 

Cantat-1/s, p.p. (a canto), sung. (See Cano.J 
CantOj v. 1. (a cano), to sing often. (See Cano.) 
Canon {y.otvuv), a rule, a law : as, canon' \z?\, be- 
longing to a canon or rule, 
can'on, n. can'onship, n. can'onize, v. 

can'onisi, n, canon'icsX, a. canoniza't'ion, n. 

can'oneis, n. cajion'icalljj ad. uncanon'ical, a. 

can'onry, or cawonlcalness, 71. 

Capi-0, v. 3. to take, to take in or up, to hold or con~ 
tain : as_, cap'tisre, one taken (in war) ; capac'iiy, 
the power of taking in or containing ; excep'tion, 
a taking out ; -percep'tihle, that ma}^ be taken up 
or in thoroughly, or observed; antic'2Jyate, to take 
up before ; partic'zjoate, to take a part in. 

cap'tion, n. conc^i'vableness, n. 

accept', V. cap'tious, a. conccp'tion, n. 

accep'ier, n. captiously, ad. concep'xMe, a. 

ac'ceptable, a. cap' tiousness, n. 

s.c'ceptd\Ay, ad. cap'tivate, v. concep'tive, a. 

ac'ceptallenes^, n. captiva'tion^ n. concep'iacle, n. 
acccjo^abil'ity, a. cap'ti\e, a. & n. 

captiv'ity, n. 

cap'tOT, n. 

cap'twxe, n. 

conceit', n. & v. 

concQi'tedi, a. 

conceitedly, ad. 

concci'/edness, n. 

concci^less, a. 

conceive', v. 

cancel' vex, n. 

conccj'i'able, a. 

Qonceiv'a\i\y, ad. 

acceptance, n. 
accepta'tion, n. 
antic'ijoate, v. 
anticijoa'/ion, n. 
ca'joable, a. 
ca'pableness, n. 
capabil'ity, n, 
capa'cious, a. 
capa'ciousness, n. 
capac'iiy, n. 
capac'itate, v. 
capta'tion, n. 

deceit', n. 
deceit'ful, a. 
decct/'fully, ad. 
decci^'fulness, n. 
deceive', v. 
decei'ver, n. 
decci'vable, a. 
decci'vableness, n. 
deception, n. 
decep'iious, a. 




decep'iive, a. 
dec'eptory, a. 
decep^tihle, a. 
dec^'pftbil'ity, n. 
eman'cipate, v. 
emancijoa'^ion, n. 
except', V. 
excep'tingj prep, 
excep'iion, n. 
exc^joVionable, a. 

excep'tive, a. 

excep'tor, n. 
imperc^joVible, a. 
iinperr?e/j7ibly, ad. 

inca'jDable, a. 
inco'joableness, n. 
inco/jabil'ity, n. 
\ncapa'ciovi%, a. 
inca/)a'ciousness, n 
incapac'itate, v. 
incapac'hy, n. 
incep'iion, n, 
incep't'we, a. 
incip'iewt, a. 
inconcei'uable, a. 
\nconcei'vah\y, ad. 
inconc^jo'^ible, a. 
intercepi', v. 
interc6:j97ion, n. 
iutercip'ieutf n. 

jnax/ciple, n. 
mi%a.ccepta't\on, n. 
xnx^conceit' , n. 
laisicoucep'tion, n. 
mxinic'ipal, a. 

occupancy, n. 
oc'cupantj n. 

occupation^ n. 
oc'cupy, V. 
oc'cupier, n. 
pattic'ipahle, a. 
partic'j/)ant, a. 
partic'tjsate, v. 
Y>aTticipa'lioti, n, 
par'ticiple, n. 
"paxticip'ial, a. 
partic?'/>'ially, ad. 
'perceive', v. 
percei'yable, a. 
percei'vahly, ad. 
■percep'don, n. 
percep'lihle, a. 
percep'tihly, ad. 
•perceptihWity, n. 
peicep'tive, a. 
petcip'ient, a. & n. 
pxe'cept, n. 

pxecep'tive, a. 
precep'tox, n. 
prec'epioxy, n. 
pxeconceif, n. 
preconceive', v. 
pxeconcep'tion, n. 

pxeoc'cupa't'ion, n. 
pxeoc'cupancy, n. 
pxeoc'cupy, v. 
prince, n. 
princess', n. 
princc'dom, n. 
princclike, a. 
princely, a. & ad. 
princeliness, n. 
px'm'cipal, a. &. n. 

prin'cipally, ad. 
principality, n. 
princip'alness, n. 
pxxa'cipie, n. & v. 
receive', v. 
recei'vex, n. 
recei'vable, a. 
recei'ue^/ness, n. 
receipt'^ n. 
xec'eptacle, n. 
recej^^ibil'ity, n. 
lecep'tion, n. 
xecep'tive, a» 

xec'ip'e, n. 
recip'ient, n. 
xecupera'tion, n. 
8uperconcej97ion, n. 
suscejo'^ible, a. 
suscep^ibil'ity, n. 

suscejo'dve, o. 
snscip'iericy, n. 
suscijo'ient, n. 
unac'cej9^able, a. 

unconcei'uable, a. 

unconceiued', a, 
undeceive', v, 
undecei't;able, a. 
undeceiued', a. 
nnoc'cupieA, a. 
unpercei'tjed, a. 
unpercei'uedly, ad» 
unprin'cijoled, a. 
uureceiued', a. 
unsusce/)7ible, a. 

CAP 129 CAR 

Capill-L7S, m. 2. (capitis pilus)^ the hair. 

cap'ilhry, a. copil'lament, n. capilla'ceous, a. 

Caput, itis, n. 3. the head : as^ decap'itaiej to take 
the head off or fi'om ; cap'italj belonging to the head. 

hicip'ital, a. cap'tainry, n. Tp^tcip'itant, a. 

hicip'itous, a. captainship, n, jprecip'itanily, ad. 

cap, n. & V. chap'iter, n. -precijy itate, v. a. 

cap-a.-p'ie, ad. chap'ter, n. & n. 

cap'iial, a. & n. chap'trel, n. precip'i/ately, ad. 

cap'itaWy, ad. decap'itate, v. •precipita'lion, n. 

capita'iionj n. oc'ciput, n. preeijD'i/ous, a. 

capit'ulary, a. occip'iialj a. recapWulate, v. 

eapit'ulate, v. -pTec'lpice, n. Tecapiinla'lion, n. 

capitiila'tion, n. precijo'i^ance, n. Tecapit'ulalory, a. 

cap'tain, n. precip'i/ancy, n. cape, n. 

Capsul-^, /. \.(a capsa, a chest), a small chest or box. 

hicap'sular, a. cap'sulaie, a. multicajo'^w/ar, a. 

cap'sulax, a. cap'sulatedj a. -pentacap'sulaT, a. 

cap'sulary, a, 

Capt-i/s, p. p. (d capio), taken. (See Capio.) 

Carbo, on-is, m. 3. a coal : as, car'buncle, (a small 
coal), a gem resembling a coal. 

carbon'ic, a. car'huncle, n. carbuu'cular, a. 

carbon'arism, n. car'bunc\ed, a. carbiincula'tion, n. 
carbona'cecvis, a. 

Carcer, m. 3. fd con et arceo, to di'ive), a prison : as, 

mcar'cej'&iej to put into prison. 

car'cera], a. incar'cerate, v. incarcera'iion, n. 

disincar 'cerate, v. 

Cardo, in-/5, m. 3. a hinge, a point. 
*car'dina]., a. & n. car'dinalate, or c«r'(/ino/ship, w. 

* A Cardinal is so styled, because serviceable to the Apostolic See, as 
an axle or hinge on which the whole go\ernment of the Church turns ; 
or, as they have, from the Pope's graut, the hinge and government of the 
Romish Church.— ^y/i^. 




char'nel-hoMse, n. 
excar'nate, v. 
excarwifica'tion, n. 
iucar'nsite, a. &v. 
incarna'tion, n. 
imcar'nativej n. 
uncar'wate, a. 

Oardi-j {kx^ix), the h-eart : as, cay'diac, cordial. 

carrft'acai, a. carrfial'gia, n. pericar'dinm, n. 

car'diac, a. 

Cari-eSj f. 5. rottenness. 

ca'ries, n. carios'ity, n. ea'rious, a. 

Caro, \ f, 3. flesh : as, incar'?2ate, having put on 
Carnis^ J flesh; carnWoxows,, ^iwg flesh. 

car'nage, n. car'nify, c. 

car'na], a. car'nival, n, 

car'?iaY[y, ad. car'neous, a. 

carjial'ity, n. car'nous, a. 

car'nalnc%?^, n. cai'nos'ity, n. 

earna'tion, n. carniv'orous, a. 

carnel'ion, or car'uncle^ n. 

cornel'ian, n. char'neXj n. 

Carp-U5j m. 2. fruit; the wrist. 

xnetacar'pus, n. pericar'^ium, ti. 

Cartilago, in-/5, /. 3. a grille or tendon. 

car'tilage, n. cartilaff'inous, a. 

Car-17s_, a. dear J kind. 

caress', v. & n. cher'ish, v. cher'isher, n. 

Oastig-0, v. I. to chastise, to punish. 

cas'tiyaiQ, v. chas'ten, v. chasii'ser, n. 

castiga'tian, n. chastise', v. chas'lisevaent, n. 

cas'tigatoxy, a. 

QxsT-vs, a. pure, chaste : as_, chas'tliy, a beingjoz/r^, 

chaste, a. chas'tity, n. inces'iuonsly, ad. 

chastely, ad. incest', n. unchaste', a. 

chaste'ness, n. inces'tuous, a. unchas'iiiy, n. 

Cas-us, p.p. fd cado), /alien. (See Cado.J 
Caien-a, f. \. a chain, a link : as, cat'enaiQ, to chain. 

catenate, v. catena'rian, a. covxaiena'tion, n. 

catena' tion, n. concatenate, ik 




Cavall-o (Ital. a caballusj m, 2. d tcxZaXMi;), a horse. 

cav'alcadcj n. cavalierly, ad. cav'ahy, n. 

cavalier' J n. & a. 

Cavill-^, f.\. a cavil t a jest, a taunt or jeer. 

cav'il, V. & n. cav'illingly, ad. cavilla'tioi\j n. 
cav'iller, n. cav'illous, a. 

Cay-us, a. hollow : as^ exca't'ate, to hollow out. 

ca'vate, v. 
cava'tiouj n. 
cav'ity, n. 
cave, n. 
cav'em, n. 
cav'eruedi} a. 

cav'ernouSj a. 
con'cave, a. 
con'caveuef^Sf n. 
concav'ity, n. 
cor\cava't\on, n. 

conca'ro-con'vex, a. 
conca'wous, a. 
conco'wously, ad. 
encave', v. 
exca ?;ate, v. 

cor\ca'vo-con'cave,a.excava'tioiiy n. 

Caul-is, m.3. a stalk or stem, 
caulif 'eions, a. caul'iRower, n. 

Caus-^, f.\. a caitse, origin, a reason : as, accuse^, 
to lay a cause to (any one), to blame. 

excu'aahle, a, 
excu'sahleness, n. 

excu'satory, a. 
inexcM'^able, a. 
inexcM'i'ably, ad. 
inexrw',sableness, n. 

recu'sant, n. 

accuse', v. cau'sdble, a. 

accu'ser, n. cau'sal, a. 

accu'sable, a. causal'iiy, n. 

accusa'iior\, n. causa' tion, n. 

accu'sative, a. cau'sative, a. 

accu'satory, a. causa'tor, n. 

cause, n. & v. excuse', v. & n. 

vau'ser, n. excu'ser, n. 

caicseless, a. excuseless, a. 
causelessly, ad. 

Caustic-OS {Kxva-riKog, d y.c/Au, to burn), burning. 

caus'tiCy a. & n. cau'ierize, v. cau'tery, n. 

caus'tical, a. cauteriza'tion, n. hoVocaust, n. 

CautiOj on-is, /. 3. fd caveo, to beware), caution, 
wariness, warning : as, \Ticau'ti<i\\.%, not wary. 

cau'fion, n. & v. caw'/iousness, n. ineau'tious, a. 

cau'tionary, a. ca'veat, n. incau'tiovisly, ad. 

cau'iions, a. cau'telous, a. precaw'/ion, »i. & v. 

cau'tiously, ad. cau'teloiisly, ad. uncaw^ious, a. 




Cele (xn>i-/j), a swelling y a tumour : as, hy'droce/e, a 
watery tumour or swelling. 
hron'cYiocelej n. eniex'ocele, n. Bui'cocele, n. 

bubon'oce/gj n. hy'diocele, n. spermat'ocg/e, n. 

Ced-Oj v. 3, to goj to give up^ to yield : as, antece'f/- 
ent, ^oing before ; mterces'soYj one who goes be- 
tween, (a mediator) ; d^zcede', to give up to, to come 
to ; ^roceed^ to go forward ; recede', to go back, 

aVscess, n. exceed', v. recede', v. 

accede', v. excee'ding, a. & ad. recess', re. 

access', n. excee'diuglj, ad. recessi'on, n. 

accessi'on, n. excess', n. 

acces'sible, a. exces'sive, a. 

ac'cessary, n. & a. exces'sively, ad. 
inacc^s'^ible, a. 

ac'cessory, a. iuces'sant, a. 

ac'f^j^orily, ad. inc^^'^antly, ad. 

antecede', v. intercede', v. 

antece'rfent, a. & n. interce'der, n. 

antece'dently, ad. intercessi'on, n. 
int-p-rres'soi, 71. 

antece'dence, n. 
anteces'sox, n. 
cease, v. & n. 
cease1e%%, a. 
cede, V. 
cessa'tion, n. 
cessa'vit, w. 
ces'sible, a. 
cess\}a\S!iiy, n. 
ces'sion, n. 
ces'sionary, a. 
ces'soT, n. 
concede', v. 
conces'sion, n. 
conces'sionary, a. 
conces'sive, a. 
conces'^ively, ad. 
decease', n. & v. 
decessVon, n. 

■precede', v. 
prece'dence, n. 
•pxece'dency, n. 
pxece'dent, a. 
■pxece'denily, ad. 
■prec'edeni, n. 
■precessVon, n. 
predeceased', a. 
Y)re6.eces'sox, n. 
■proceed', v. Sen. 
proceed' ex, n. 
pxoceed'ing, re. 
pxoce'dnxe, re. 
proc'ess, n. 
pxocessVon, n. 
processi'ondl, a. 
procetii'onary, a. 

retroc^s^i'on, n. 
recede', v. 
sece'der, re. 
secessi'on, n. 
sncceda'neons, a. 
succeda'nenm, re. 
succeed', v. 
succeed'er, n, 
success', n. 
succes^'ful, a. 
s'uccess'^uWy, ad. 
succe^s'fulness, re. 
succ^^si'on, n. 
■^ucces'sixe, a. 
succes'sively, ad. 
sixcces's'weness, n. 
successless, a. 
sxxc'cessor, re. 
surcease', v. & re. 
unacces'sible, a. 

unprec'ecfented, a. 
unsuccee'cfed, a. 
unsuccess'ful, a. 
unsuccess'fully, ad. 
unsucces'sive, a. 

CEE 133 CEN 

Ceed (Eng, for cedoj, to go, (See Cedo.) 
Celebr-is, a. renowned, much spoken of: as, ce/'- 
ebrate to make renowned, to praise. 

cel'ebrate, v. cele'brious a. celebYity, n. 

celebra'tion, n. 

cel'ebratoT, n. iccel'ebia,te, v. 

CeleRj a. swift, quick : as, celer'itj, a being swift. 

acceVerate, v. accel'erative, a. celer'ity, n. 

accelera'tion, n. 

CiELEST-iSj a. (d cseluiHj n. 2. heavcu), heavenly, 
celes ^ial, a. Sen. &\y^txceles'tis\, a. 

celes'tisXly, ad. %uhceles'tid\, a. 

CiELEB-Sj a. single, unmarried. 

ceVibacy, n. cel'ibate, n. 

Cell-^_, f. 1. a cellar : as, ceriule, a little cell. 

cell, n. cel'larage, n. cel'lular, a. 

cellar, n. cel'lari^t, n. cel'lvXs, n. 

Cels-ltSj a. high, lofty, elevated, noble. 

cg/'s2tude, n. ex'ceZ/ency, n. ex'cellently, ad. 

excel', V. ex'cellent, a. superex'ce//ent, a. 

ex'cellence, n. 

Cel-0, v. \. to hide, to conceal. 

conceal', v. conc^a7edness, n. coxiceaVvnent, n. 

concea'ler, n. conceaVedly, ad. inconc^a'/able, a. 

coxicea'ldblQ, a. coucea'lmg, n. 

Cens-eo, v. 2. to think, to judge, to value, to blame 
as, censo'rious, given to censure or blame. 

cense, n. censoViousness, n. cen'sxi?,, n. 

cen'sorYike, a. cen'sual, a. 

cen'sOT, n. cen'sorship, n. cen'suring, n. 

cmso'rial, a. cen'snre, n. & v. cess', n. & v. 

censo' risio., a. cen'surer, n. cess'ment, n. 

censo'rious, a. cen'surahle, a. recen'sion, n. 

censo'rious\y, ad. cen'surahleness, n, 


CEN 134 CER 

Cend-o (comP- form o^caiideo), toburn. (SeeCa?ideo.J 
Cens-us (comP- form ofca7isusJ, burnt. (See Candeo.J 

Centr-173/ (Kivr^ov), the middle or centre : as^ cen'~ 
trdX, belonging to the centre or middle. 

cen'tre, n. & v. c^n/rip'etal, a. eccen'tric, a. Sc n. 

cen'tral, a. coucen'tre, v. eccen'trlcal, a. 

cen'traWy, ad. concen'tric, a. eccetiiric'hy, n. 

centraVity, n. concen'triceX, a. geocen'lric, a. 

cen'tric, a. cor\cen'trica!Wy, ad. heliocentric, a. 

cen'tricaX, a. concentrate, v. -paracen'iric, a. 

i;entrif'aga\, a. concentra'tiorij n. ■paracen'trical, a. 

Ce'ST-um, a. a hundred, 100 •* as^ cen'tuYj, a hun- 
dred, a hundred years, (usually applied to time.) 

cenl, n. cejites'imal, a. Sen. cera/u'plicate, v. 

cen'iage, n. C(?n/ifo1ious, a. centu'riaie, v. 

cen'tenaxy, n. cen/il'oquy, n. centuria'tox, or 

cen'laxy, n. cen'tipeA , n. cen'turi?,t, n. 

centen'nial, a. ceii'lu-ple, a. & v. centu'rion, n. 

Cephal-e {Ki(pciXyi), the head : as, acejyh'alous, with- 
out a head ; hydroceph'alus, water in the head. 

aceph'alist, n. huceph'alns, n. 

aceph'alonfi, a. cephalaVgia, n. hydixoceph'aiw^, n. 

hiceph'aloM^, a. cephal'ic, a. 

Cept-17s (comP-form oicaptus), taken. (See Capio.) 

Cer-j, /. 1. icax : as, sincere', "without wax or var- 
nish, (unmixed, pure, honest.) 

ce'rate, n. incera'tion, n. sinc^?'^'ly, ad. 

ce'rated, a. incer'aiive, a. sinc6?re'ness, n. 

cere, v. insincere', a. sincer'ity, ?i. 

cere'cloth, n. insincerely, ad. 

cere'ment, n. insincerity, n. 

ceru'niQn, n. sincere', a. 

Ceras (ke^*;), a horn. 

ceras'tt^, n. monoc'eros, n. rhinoc'ero.*?, n. 




Cerebr-um, n. 2. f//e brain. 

cer'ebrum, n. cer'eWaX, a. cei''ebel, n. 

Ceremoni-^,, /. 1. a rite, a form. 

cer'emoiij, n. ceremo'niaWy. ad^ ceremo'nionsly, ad. 

ceremo'nia.\,a.&n. ceremo'nious, u. ceremo'niousness,n. 

CereSj /. 3. the goddess of corn; corn — cerea'lioxis, a. 

Cern-o, v. 3. to separate by a sieve, to sift, to see, to 
distmguish, to judge: as^ ^i^cern' , to separate asiin- 
dei'j to see, (to distinguish, to judge) ; disc^'eri'oiij 
the art of separation, or skill in separating ; s^'cret, 
separate and laid aside, (kept hidden.) 

concern', v. & n. discrimitia'iion, n. secern', v. 

discrim'ifiahle, a. se'cret, a. n. & v. 
discrz??j'i?2ateness,n.seVrfdy, ad. 

distTm'.'nativCj a. se'crecy, n. 

excern', v. se'cre/ness, n. 

ex'fjfment, n. se.'creiht, n. 

escreme?i'la[, a. sec'retary, n. 
cacremeniiX.Vous, a.secVe/arishipj n. 

txcre'lion, n. secrete', v. 

ex'' retive, a. secre't'ion, n. 

cx'cretory, a. secretiii'ous, a. 

ip.disc^r'/iible, a. secre'iory, a. 

indisr^r'?iibly, ad. unconcern', n. 

coiicer'nedly, ad. 
conccr/i'ment, n. 
concer'nmg, a. 
decern', v. 
decree', v. & n 
decre'fal, a. &. n. 
decr^7ist, 7i. 
dec'retory, a. 
discern', v. 
discerii'mevA, n. 
dy.cer'ner, n. 
discer' n\h\e, a. 
d'lscer'mhly, ad. 

indis' 7*^^/', a. 

difcer' mhleness, n. indiscreeily, ad. 
dhcei-'ning, a. & n. indiscrete', a. 
di^cer'ningly, ad. indiscreti'on, n. 

unconcerned', a. 
nnconcer'nedly, ad. 
unconcerned' nesSyUm 

discreet', a, 
discreet%^, ad. 
discreei'ness, n. 
discrete', a. 

discretion, n. 
discrcti'onal, a. 
di^-rcti'onary, a. 
dii^cre'li\'e, a. 

undisr^raed', a. 
undiscer'nedly, ad. 

indiscriyn'inate, a. 


indiscrim'inating, undiscern'ihle, a. 
a. undisc^r/i'ibly, ad. 

indiscrimina'tion,n.iii\discern'ing, a. 

rec'reinent, n. xindiscreel', a. 

recremen'tal, a. undiscreetly, ad. 
d\iicrbn'inate,v.&.a .recrementiti'ous, a. unst'cret, r. t^ a. 
diicrim'iuate\y,ad. . 

CER 136 CHA 

Cerpo, r. 3. (comP- form o^ carpo), to cull or plucky 
to select: as, excerpts', what is culled out, or selected. 

decerpt', a. discerptihil'ity, n. excerp'tion, n. 

dec^rjo'/ible, a. diacerp'sion, or indiscer'piiAe, or 

dccerp'iion, n, di%cerp'tion, n. indiscerp7ible, a. 

excerp', or 

discer'pihle, or excerpt', v. 

discerp'/ible, a. excerp'ior, n. iudiscerjtjibil'ity, or 

di^cerpihiViiy, or excerpts', n. indiscerjo/ibil'ityjn. 

Cerpt-c7S (comP- form o^carptus), culled. (See Cerpo.) 

Cert-Oj v.\. to contend, to strive: as^ concerf, to 

strive together (in private to make a settlement.) 

concert', v. concer'to, n. 

con'cert, n. disconcert', v. 

Cert-175, a. certain, sure : as, ascertain', to make 
one's self sure ; cer'ti^j, to make another sure. 

ascertain', v. cer'te%, n, \ncer', n. 

ascer^ai'nable, a. cer'tify, v. incer'tain, a. 

ascertai'ner, n. certifier, n. incer^ainly, ad. 

asceWain'ment, n. certii'icate, n. &. v. incer'tainty, n. 

cer'tain, a. cc>"/jfica'tion, w. uncer'tain, a. 

cer'tainly, ad. cer'tit\ide, n, nncer'tainty, n. 
cer'taivity, n. 

Cervix, Tcis, /. 3. the neck — cer'vicoX, a. 
CiESPEs, caespitis, m. 3. a turf- — cespititi' ous, a. 

Cesso, v. 1. Cd cedo), to cease, to (/ive over. (See Cedo.J 
inces'sant, a. inces'santly, ad. inces'sable, a. 

Cess-us^ p. p. Cd cedo), ^one, given up. (See Cedo.) 
Cerule-c/s, a. blue, azure, sky-coloured, 
ceru'lean, a. ceru'leons, a. ceruM'iCt a, 

Cet-us, m. 2. a whale — ceifa'ceous^ a. 
Chagrin, m. (Fr.), ill humour, vexation, 
chagrin', n. &. v. 

Chalc-os {xu>.K<i<;^, brass. 

chalcog^TaiT\iy, n. chalcog-'r a^her, n. 

en A 137 cm 

Cha].yb-Sj m. 3. steel, hardened iron. 

ckalt/L'ean, a. chal?/b'eate, a. 

Chaos (^^uog), a contused mass, confusion. 

cha'os, n. chaoi'ic, a. 

Character (x^i'^'^'^H) > ^^ mark, a stamp; peculiar 
disposition, or mark of reputation. 

char'acter, n. characteris'tically, char'acferize, v. 

characteris'iic, a. ad. char'acterlesi>,, a, 

& n. char'acterism, n. 

character is' tical, a. 

ChariSj itos (;»i«g'?^ ^Tog), joy, grace, love. 

char'ity, n. xnnchar'itahle, a. 

char'itdh\e^ a. eu'c/tarist, n. nnchar'itahly , ad. 

char'itahly, ad. eucharis'tic, a. unchai''itahleness, 

char'itahleness, n. eucharis'iical, a. n. 

Cherub (21^), a celestial spirit, tie.rt in order to 
the seraph. 

cher'tihy n. cherti'dic, or cher'ubm, a. & n. 

cher'ubim, n. pi. cheru'bical, a. 

Cheval, m. (Fr.)j a horse. 

chevalier', n. chiv'ahy, n. chiv'alrows, a. 

Chicane, /. (Fr.), artifice, cavil, sophistry. 

chicane', n. 8c v. chica'ner, n. chica'nery, Ji. 

Chiltoi (x'>^toi), a thousand, 1000. 

chil'iad, n. chil'iaTchy, n. chil'iast, n. 

chil'iarch, n. chiliae'dron, n. 

Chim.^ra, /. 1. (;^<^5t<ga)p a fictitious monster; a 
vain and wild foMcy. 
chime' ra, n. chimer'ical, a. chimer'icaWy, ad. 

Chir ix^'O' ^^^^ hand : as, chiruv'geon or sur'geon 
one who cures by manual operation. 

c/.'j-'ograph, n. chirog'rafher, n. 
c72j;ag'rical, a. rhirog'ni]Thy, n. rAirog'raphist, ?i. 
M 2 ' 

CHO 138 CHO 

chiroVogy, n. chirax'gery, or *ur'geon, n. 

chir' oma,ucy, n. sur'gery, n. chirnx' gicaX, a. 

cAtr'omancer, n. cAirur'geon, or chirnx' gicj a. 
cAirosoph'ist, n. 

Chol-e (xjoA*}), bile; anger: as, mel'anc/^o/y, (a dis* 
ease arising from) black bile ; sadness. 
chol'agoguG , n. chol'ic, n. & a. mel'anc^o/mess, n. 
c/io/'era-morbus, n. xntVaxicholy, n. & a. meVanchohcj a.&n. 
chol'er, n. mel'ancAo/ily, ad. 

chol'etic, a. 
chol'eiicncss, n. mel'ancAo?^t, n. mel'anc^o/ize, v. 

Chondr-os (>io>5^a?), the cartilage of the breast-bone; 
the liver, the spleen *; as, hypoc/^owWr/ac, one who 
is melancholy, or disordered in imagination. 

aii'thypocAon'o?rtac, "hypochon'dria., n. hypochondri'aci^m, 

a. hyipochon'dria.c, n. n. 

hypochon'dry^ n. & a. hypocAo»c?ri'asis,n. 

•hypoc/ion.'(/res, n. hypocAowc?n'acal,a. 

Chor-us, m. 2. rt company or ^awo? of singers. 

choir, n. cho'raWy, ad. c/ioir- service, n. 

cAfcVal, a. choYist, n. cho'rus, n. 

chor'isteTj n. 

Chord-^j /. 1. i^o^^yi)} a gut, a string; a rope, 
chord, n. & v. cord, n. & v. cordelier, n. 

chordee', n. cor'ded, a. mon'ochord, n. 

clai'ichord, n. cor^dage, n. -pen'tachord, n. 

Chor-eo ixi^^iti), to go, to retire. 
anacA'orete, or an'choriie, n. 

* Hypochondres are the two regions lying on each side the cartUago ensi- 
fm-mis, and those of the ribs, and the tip of the breast, which have in the 
one the liver, and in the other the spleen. — Quincy. The blood moving 
too slowly through the celiac and mesenteric arteries, produces various 
complaints in the lower bowels and hypochondres; whence such persons 
are called hypochondriac. — Arbuthnot on Aliments. Those affected with 
this disease always appear dejected and melancholy, or disordered in ima« 

CHO 139 * CHY 

Chor-os {^c^^og), a place, a country, a tract of land: 
as^ c/^orog'raphy, a description oi a particular coun 
try or tract of land. 

cAorog'raphy, n. c/iorograph'ical, a. c^orograpli'ically, 
cAorog'rapher, n. ad. 

Christ-os (;i:j?«5rofj a x^iu, to anoint), anointed : 
as, Christ, the anointed, (our Lord and Saviour.) 

tLii'tichrist, n. chrism, n. 

antic7iri67ian, a. chris'ti^rasvn, n- chris'mal, a. 

& n. christiaiVity, u. chris'om, n. 

a.T\tichris'iia.msm,n.chris'iianize, v, chris'feu, v. 
B,ntichrislian'ity, n. christiatiiza'tion,n.(hris'tendom, n. 

Christ, n c/jn's^ianog'raphy, c/jris7ening,n. &a. 

chri^'lian, n. 8c a. n. unchris'tian, a.Siv. 

chris'tian[y,ad.Si.a.chris'lmas, n. uuchrisUianly, a. 
c/irij'7ianlike, a. chris'xnas-hox, n. & ad. 

chris'tian-namQ,n, chris'matory, n. urtchris'tianness, n. 

Chron-os (X'^ovog), time: as, chronoVo^y, the science 
of computing iijne ; &yn'chronous, of, or at the 
same time. 

ana'h'ronism, n. chron'ogram, n. chrono\o^'ica\\y,ad. 
anac/ironis'/ical, a. c7iro,70gran/matist, vhronowi'Qttr, n. 
antic/iVo;iism, n. n. '\^och'rona\, a. 

chron'ic, a. chroJiog'raiihy, n. isoch'ronous, a. 

chron'ical, a. cAronog'rapher, n. metar/iVonism, n. 

chi'OJi'icle, 71. & V. chronoVogy, n. &yn'chron\sxn, n. 
chron'icler, n. chrondVog&x, n. ^yn'chronaX, a. 

• chron'i(\Me, n. oAronol'ogist, n. ^ynchr07i'\ca\, a. 

cAroraogrammat'- cAronolog'ic, a. syn'chronous, a. 
icalj a. c/zro«olog'ical, a. syn'chronize, v. 

Chrys-os (x4^^''')} ffold. 

chrys'aYis, n. chi-7/so g'ra^^hy, n. 

chrys'olite, n. cArysop'rasus, n. 

Chyl-os {xv>.o<;, a y^voj or y^.va, to pour or cause to 
flow), the nutritive juice like milk formed by di~ 
gestion : as, c%/a'ceous, consisting of chyle, 
chyle, n. chyla'ceous, a. chylifac'tion, 

CHY 140 CIL 

c^?7?fac'tion, n. chylif'erous, a^ c^«7ifica'tiorj, n. 
chf/lii-Ac'tive, or chiMac'tory, a. chy'lous, a. 
c/ii/itac'tive, a. chi/ liUca'tion, n. chyloipoet'ic, a. 

Ch YM-os {x^/^<>'^) ^ X^"} yj^'^^y or %vu, to melt or pour), 
fiiiditi/, juice : as^ cduof ochymy , a depravation of 
the humours, or a diseased state of the blood. 

siVchymy, n. cacochi/m'ic, a. ckt/m'ic, a. 

alchi/m'ical, a. cacochym'ical, a. chym'ical, a. 

a\chi/m'icaYiy,ad. *chym,'hiry, or chym'\csi!Wy, ad, 

aVchymisi, n. chem'htry, n. paren'c^yma, n. 

a\chymis'tica\, a. chym'ht, or ■parenchym'atous, a. 

aVchym'ize, v. chem'ist, n. paren'cAymous, a. 

cac'ochymy, n. chymis'tica\, a. syn'chysis, n. 

CiB-c7S_, m. 2. meat, food — ciba'rioxis, a. 
Cicatrix, cis, /. 3. the mark of a wound, a scar. 

cic'atrix, or cic'atr'ize, v. 

cic'atrice, n. cicatriza'iion, n. 

CiCH0RE-C73/j n. 2. the herb succory — cichorsi ceoM%, a. 
CicuR, a. tame — cic'uraiQ, v. 

CiD-o, (Q,ov[]P'?oxviio'LCcedo),tocutoTkill. {See Ccedo.J 
CiD-o, (comP' form, of cado J, to fall. (See Cado.J 
CiLici-L^v, n. 2. hair-cloth — cilici'ous, a. 

* This word is derived by some from j^utt*?, juice, or xvai, to melt; by 
others, from an oriental word, kema, black. According to the supposed 
etymology, it is written t/ or e. Some deduce it from the name of a person 
eminently skilled in the science ; whose name, however, is written both 
xiJ.u.yii and z'"^'^i^' Others consider Chemi, the Coptic name of Egypt, 
which was the cradle of this science, as the original. — V. Morin. Diet. Etm. 
Fr. et Gr '♦ It is derived originally from chemia, and that word from 
Cham. — The Egyptians were deeply skilled in astronomy and geometry ; 
also in chymistry and physic." Bryant. — Johnson's Diet, by Todd. 

Chjmi^-^try is an art whereby sensible bodies contained in vessels, or capa- 
ble of being contained therein, are so changed, by means of certain instru- 
ments, and principally fire, that their several powers and virtues are there- 
by discovered, with a view to philosophy or medicine. — Boerhaave. 

Most of the substances belonging to our globe are constantly undergo- 
ing alterations in sensible qualities; and one variety of matter becomes, 
as it were, transmitted into another. TJie object of chemical philosophy is 
to ascertain the causes of all such phenomena, whether natural or artifi 
cial, and to discover the laws by which they are governed. — SirH.Davy 

ClLi l4l CIT 

CiLi'UMj n. 2. the eyelids — cWioxj, a. 

CiNCT-i/s, p.p. {a cingo), girded ox girt. (See Cingo.) 

CiNG-o^ V. 3. to tie about, to gird or surround : as_, 

cin'ctuxe, the thing surrounding. 

cinc'tnre, n. ■pTecinct' n. snccinct', a. 

cing'le, n. succiwc/iy, ad. 

CiNis, 1 m. 3. ashes, embers: zs, cinerit'i' ous, con- 
CiNER-is, J sisting of, or resembling ashes. 

cin'der, n. cinera'tion, n. ciner'uhnt, a. 

€in'der-woman, n. ciiier'eous, a. xncin'era,te,v.8La. 

cin'derons, a. cineriti'ous, a. inc'mera'tion, n. 
cin'dro\x%, a. 

CiPio, (comP' form of capio), to take. (See Capio.) 

CiPiT, (comP- fonn oi caput), ths head. (See Caput.) 

CiRCUL-c/s, m. 2. (ci circus, m. 2. a circle), a circle, 

a ring : as, cii-'culoiQ, to move in a circle, to put 


cir'cle n. & v. eneir'cle, v. 

ch'cularly, ad. tncir'clet, n. 

cir'cled, a. circular'iiy, ii. incir'cle, v. 

cir'chr, n. cir'cuhte, v. incir'clet, n. 

cir'clvcig^ a. circula'tion, it. sexnicir'cle, n. 

cir'clet, n. sevaicir'cled, a. 

cir'culaXy a. &. n. cir culatoxy, a.HLn. semicirVu/arj a. 

Ci%-us, p.p. (comP* iQXViio^coesus),cut. (SeeCcedo.) 

CiT-o, v.l. (a cieo, v. 2. to move or stir), to call, to 

cite, to rouse or stir up : as, excite^ to call out, to 

rouse; resus'c2Yate, to call up again, to stir up anew. 

conci/a7ion, n. ex'cilanU a. 
cite, V. excite', v. 

ci'ter, n. e\ci'ter, n. excitation, n. 

exci^e'ment, n. excitative, a. 

cka'iion, n. excisable, a. excising, n. 

ci'tatory, a. exci/abil'ity, n. exsus'cvVate, v. 




exsusci^a'/ion, 7i. 
incite', v. 
incJ7er, n. 
inciia'tiony n. 
incite'ment, n. 
xm%cile'f V. 
miscita't'wn, n. 
misquote'.) v. 
misreci'/e', v. 

misreci'/al, n. 
quote, V. 
qzio'ter, n. 
quota'iion, n. 
quota' (ionist, n. 
recite', v. 
recital, n. 
reci'teT, n. 
recita'tion, n. 

rticitative'j or 
recitativ'o, n. 
recitatiwe'ly, ad. 
lesus'cJ^atCj v» 
resusci^a'/ion, ju 
resu^'citatiye, a, 
sus'cj/ate, v. 
s\iscita'tion, n. 

Civ-iS;, c. 3. a citizoi, a free man or woman of a city 
or town : as, civ'il, belonging to a citizen, f polite J ; 
civiVitj, a being civil, or manners of citizens. 

cil'y, n. & a. 
cit'ieA, a. 
cit'ic\?,\x\, n. 
cit'izen, n. 
ci/'i^renship, n. 
civ'ic, a. 

civ'i\, a. 
civ'iWy, ad. 
ciyil'ity, n. 
civil'iaxi, n. 

civ'ilize, v. 
civ'ilizeT, n. 

ciuiViza'tion, n. 
ciu'il-war, n. 
inciu'il, a. 
incivil'ity, ?i. 
unciv'il, a. 
unciv'illy, ad. 
unciu'i/ized, a. 

ClaiMj v. (Eng, a clamo), to call, to demand of 
right. (See Clamo. J 

Clamat-uSj p.p. C^ clamo) J cried, shouted. (See 
Clamo. J 

Clam-Oj v. 1. to cry, to shout, to call : as, eyiclaim' 
to cry out ; proc/am^'rionj the act of calling or 
shouting forth (publicly). 

acclaim', n. & v. 

acclam'atory, a. 
claim, V. & n. 
clai'mer, n. 
c/aj'wable, a. 
clai'mant, n. 
clam' ant, a. 
clum'oxxx, n. &: v. 
clam'oixxer. n. 

clam'orons, a. 
clam'orously, ad. 
conclama'tion, n. 
Aeclaim', v. 
declai'mer, n. 
dec/ai'wing, n. 
(\.tclama'tion, n. 
declama'tOT, n. 
declam'atory, n. 
dhclaiin', v. 
disclai'mer, n. 

exclaiyn', v. 
exclai'mer, n. 
exclama'tion, n, 
exclam'atory, a. 
irxeclai'mahle, a. 
\rreclai'mah]y, ad, 
mischmn', ii. 
fToclaim', v. 
\)roclai'mir, n. 
]iiocl(iina'tion, ju 
reclaim', v. &. n. 

CLA 1^3 CLA 

reclai'mahlt, a. reclaimless, a. unproc/aimen', a. 

reclai'm-Ant, n. unchiimed', a. unreclaimed', a. 

reclama'iion, n. 

Clandestin-us, a. (a clam, p\ et adv., without the 
knowledge of, secretly), secret, hidden, 
claiides't'me, a. clandes'tineness,n. clan'cuhr, a. 
clandea'tinely, ad. clan'cularly, ad. 

Clang-0, v. 3. to sound as a trumpet, to make a shrill 
clang, n. & v. clang'our, n. clang'ons, a. 

Clah-us, a. clear, bright, loud, manifest, famous: 
as, clar'ify, to make clear or bright ; declare', to 
manifest, to make known. 

clar'ichord, n. dearly, ad. declare'ment, n. 

clar'ify, V. clear'er, n. dec/aVable, a. 

c/aHfica'tion, n. clear'ance, n. declara'tion, n. 

clar'ion, n. clear'ness, n. declar'ative, a. 

clar'inet, n. clear'^ighied, a. declar'atory, a. 

declare', v. declar'atorily, nd. 

Ctear, a. & v. decla'rer, n. unclar'i^ed, a. 

Classici, m. 2. (a class-«5, /. 3. a fleet ; a class), those 
of the first or highest class of Roman citizens : as, 
das' SIC, an author of the/rs^ order or rank. 

class, n. & w. clas'sify, v. clas's\^, n. 

clas'sic, a. & n. c/rtssifica'tion, n. unc/a/wc, a. 
clas'sical, a. 
Claud-0, v. 3. to shut, to close: as, conclu'sior), a 
shutting together, (the close or end); exclude, to 
shut out ; include', to shut m. 

clois'texex, n. clo'ser, n. 

clause, n. clois'leress, n. closely, ad. 

clau'sme, n. clois'teral, a. c/ose'ness, n. 

claus'trs], a. clois'tered, a. do' set, ri. & v. 

dois'ter, n. & v- dose, v. n. a. & ad. do'set-sm, n. 




clo'sing, n. di&clo'ser, n. mitrclude', v 

clo'snre, n. disclo'sure, n. 

close 'handed., a. disclu'swn, n. occlude', v 

close-bodied, a. enclois'ter, v. occluse', a. 

close-compacted, a. enclose', v. occlu'sion, n. 

close-couched, a. enclo'ser, n. preclude', v. 

c/o^e-curtained, a. enclo'snre, n. ipreclu'sion, n. 

close-^'iied, a. exclude', v. prec^ifMve, a. 

close-handed, a. exclu'sion, n. prec/u'^ively, aa. 

close'-handedness,n.exclu'siomst, n. reclose', v. 
close-^eut, a. exclu'sive, a. 
close-tongned, a. exclu'siwelj, ad. 

recluse', n. &. a. 
Tecluse'ly, ad. 
xecluse'ness, n. 
leclu'sion, n. 
reclu'sive, a. 
seclude', v. 
heclu'sion, n. 

conclude', v. inclose', v. 

conclu'der, n. inclo'ser, n. 

conclu'dent, a. inch' sure, n. 
conclu'dency, n. include, v. 
conclu'dingly, ad. inc/;i'rfingly, ad. 
conclu'sion, Ji. inclu'sion, n. 

inclu'si've, a. 

inclu'sivelji ad. 
conclu'sive, a. 

conc/u'i'ively, ad. inconclu'sive, a. 
conc/w'siveness, n. inconclu'sively, ad. 
disclose', v. inconc^w'^ivenesSjW. 

Clavd-us, a. lame : as, c!au'dica,te, to make lame. 
clau'dicant, a. clau'dicate, v. 

Clemens^ nt-isj a. mild, merciful. 

clem'ency, n. clem'ent\y, ad. inclem'ent^ a. 

clem'ent, a. inclem'ency, n. 

Cler-os (xA))g6?), a lot, a portion. 
*cler'gy, n. cler'gyman, n. 

* So styled, either from the circumstance, that the tribe ofl.eoi, or the 
priesthood, is, in the Old Testament, called ' the inheritance of the Lord,' 
and reciprocally God is called their ' itiheritance,' Joshua xiii.33. Ezek. xliv. 

28. that tribe being entirely consecrated to the service of God ; or from 

the practice of heathen priests, who used to draw lots, either to asceitain 
tlie will of the Deity, or prognosticate future events. Formerly clerk was 
the usual term for a scholar ; most situations of trust or talent being filled 
by the clergy. 

CLE 145 COA 

cler'gyahle, a. clerk, n. derk^ike, a. 

cler'ic, n, & a. clerk'ly, a. & ad. clcrk'ahip, n. 
cler'ical, a. clerkless, a. 

Clesis (x.Xn<ric, a xotXia, to call), act of calling ; (a 

church, an assemhly.) 

ecclesias'iic,a. 8l71. ecclesias'tical, a. ecclesias'tes, n, 
Cliens, nt-is, c. 3. one undei' the protection of a 

patron; one who applies to an advocate for counsel 

and defence. 

cU'ent, n. clien /ed, a. 

cli'ent^hv^, n. 

Climax (KXii/.ix.X),a ladder or stair ; arising gradually 

SLniicWmaof, n. *cli'max, n. 
Clin-Oj v. 1. {K>,iva), to bend, to lie down, to lean : 

as_, incline^, to bend in^ or lean to ; recline^ to lean 


clin'ic, a. & n. disinc/ina'^ion, n. inclina'iion, n. 

clin'ical, a. disinclined', a. inclVner, n. 

dec/e/i'sion, n. cnclit'xc, n. & a. inc/i'«rtble, a. 

Adeline', v. & n. enclU'icsl, a, mclin'atory, a. 

dec/i'?iable, a. het'troclite, n. & a. indec^i'^able, a. 

declina'iion, n. hetexoclit'ica}, a. recline', v. & a. 

declina'ior, or Teclina'iion, n. 

declin'atory, n. incline', v. nindeclined', a. 

disincline', v. 

Cljv-us, m. 2. a slope, an ascent. 

cl'iff'y, or decli'vous, a, 

accliv'ity, n. cliffy, a. -procliv'ity, v. 

accli'voxxs, a. clif'ted, a. -p^ocli'voxxs, a. 

cUj^, n. dscliv'ity, n. 

Clud-0 (comP- form o^claudo'), to shut. (See Claudo.) 
Clus-us (comP- form ofclausus), shut. (See Claudo.) 
CoAGVi,-UM, n. 2, {ab ago), what is used in ciirdlin<j 
milk. (See Ago.) 

* For examples of a Climax, see the Author's "Outlines of EngluU 


COC 146 COL 

CocHLE-^, f.\. a shell, a shell-fish ; a screw, 
coch'lezxy, a. coc'kle, n. coc'kled, a. 

coch'leated, a. 

Coci-UM, sup. (« coquo)^ to boil. (See Coquo.') 

CoLL-^7^f, n. 2. the neck Colfar, n. & v. cWcolhte, v. 

CoDEXj icis, m. 3. the tnmk of a tree; a book, a will. 

code, n. cod'icil, n. codicil' loxy, a. 

CoLLEG-^j m.\. (a lego)^ a partner in office or em- 


coVleague, n. coVlege, n. coIle'giaTi, n. 

colleague' , v. colle'gial, a. colle'giate, a. & 7i. 

col'leagueshi-p, n. college' -like, a. nucolle'giate, v. 

CoL-oN {x-C'jXov), the largest member of the bowels, the 
colon; a member of a serdence, 
col'ic, n. & a. co Ion, n. 

CoL-Oj n. 3. to till, to cultivate, to inhabit : as^ col' on' y 
(a body of people drawn from the mother country^ ) 
to till and inhabit some distant place. 

coVony, n. cul'tivah\Q, a. 

colo'rdal, a. cul'tivate, v. 

ag'ncultor, n. culliva'tion, n. 

ag'ncult\xYQ.f n. col'on'ist, 71. eul'tivatox, n. 

a^xcuVtur'riX, n. col'onize, v. cid'tuxe, n. & v. 

agricul'tural, a. col'onizing, n. ruric'o/ist, n. 

axxsculta'tion^ n. coloniza'tion, n. xmcul'tivatedi, a. 

CoLORj m. 3. colour, huc, die : as^ 01^'colour, to take 
off, or change from^ the natm'al hue. 

col'ourable, a. 

colora'ilon, n. col'ourably, ad. discol'our., v. 

colorific, a. col'oureA, a. disco/'owred, a. 

col'our, n. Si. V. col'oitring, n. dhcolora'tion, n. 

col'ourist, n. col'ourless, a. un^o/'owred, a. 

CoLGSS-t/s, m. 2. (^koXoi7(jo;), a statue of enormous si:se, 

colos'sal, a. colos'sic, a. 

colos'sns, n. colos'sian, a. colos'sus-wise, ad. 

COL 147 CON 

CoLUBERj m. 2. a Serpent or snake — col'ubrine, o. 
CoJjVUB-a, f. 1. a pigeon or dove — colum'bsixy, n. 
Column-^, /. 1. a round pillar. 

col'umn, n. colum'nar, or columna'ria.n, a. 

CoM-os {x.a^o(;, d Kco/^r,, a village), a Jovial meeting 
a hymn or ode to celebrate a person or action. 

*com'ediy, n. com'icaluess, n. encomias' ileal, a. 

come'dian, n. enco'miast, n. tragicom'edy, n. 

com'ic, a. enco'mium, n. tragicom'ical, a. 

com'icaX, a. ex\comias'tic,a.&.n.txag\com'icaX\Y, ad. 
com'ica\\.y, ad. 

CoMESj \i-iS3 c. 3. (a con et co, to go), a companion 
GM attendant: as^, concom'itimt, coming 2iR^ going 
together ; joined with. 

concom'itam,a.&in. coviCom'itawcQ, n. coun'tess, n. 

co\\com'itani\y, ad. coun'ty, n. & a. 

concom'itancy, n. count, n. coun'iy -coixit, n 

CoNCH-^, /. 1. {y-oyxn), a shell-fish, a shell, 
conch, n. conchil'ious, a. con'chite, n. 

conchoVogy, n. 

CoNE-o {Kovia, d Kov(?, dust), to run rapidly and 
raise dust; to serve another; to manage affairs. 
archdeacon , n. dea'con, n. deacon ship, n. 

archdeacon ship, n. deacon ess, n. diac'onal, a. 

archidiac'o?ial, a. deacon ry, n. subdeacon , n. 

CoN-os {Koovoi), a cone ; a spinning top. 

con'ic, a. con'ic-sec'tions, or co'noid, n. 

con'ical, a. con'\c%, n. conoi'dical, a. 

con'ically, ad. couif'erous, a. plano-con'ical, a. 

con'icalnesSj n. 

* Comedy {xcopcY}; u^-/}, a song of the village), a dramatic representation 
of the lighter faults or foibles of mankind, intended to caricature vice and 
folly, or expose them to ridicule. Comedies were originally recited or sung 
from village to village, for the amusement of young people : hence the 

CON 148 COP 

CoNCiLi-Oj V. I. (d concilium^ n. 2. a coimcil, a con 
et calo, to call J y tojohi together, to unite, to make 
friends : aS;, xec'oiicile, to join together again, to 
make friends. 

conciliate, v. iTYsco7icile'ah\y,ad. reconcile'ahle, a. 

co7icilia'tion, n. irrer^(JncJ/^'ableness5reco?ici/e'«bleness, 
concilia' tor, n. 

conciliatory , a. \rrec'oncih(\, a. recoraci^e'ment, n. 

concil'iar, a. irreconcile'meiit, n. reconcil'iatory, a. 

coun'cil, n. irreconcilia'tioxi, n. reconcilia'tion, n. 

cow/i'c j^-board, n. rec'oncile, v, ux\r econcile' able, a. 

irreconcile'dble, a. xec'onciler, n, unrec'o?ici/ed, a. 

CoNTEMPL-oR;, v.\. to view or behold ; to study, to 
meditate or muse. 

contem'plate, v. contem'plative, a. contem'plator, n. 
contempla'tion, n. contem'pIatively,ad. 

Contra/^ pr. against, opposite to: as, con'trast, a 
standing against, or placing in opposition, (so that 
one object shows another to advantage.) 

coji'^rary, a. n. &. v. con'trariyfise, ad. con'trast, n. 
con'trarWy, ad. con'trary-minA^e^ya.contra^i', v. 
con'trarine?,^, n. con'traries, n. *coun'ter, ad. 
conti'a'riovLS, a. contrariety, n. counteract', v. 
contra'r iovisly, ad. suhcon'trary, a. 

Copi-A, f. I, plenty : co'pious, ple?itifu[. 

co'pious, a. co'/jiousnesSj n. corn\x-co'piae, n. 

co'piously, ad. 

CoP-E (kottyi, d KOTcroi), to cut), a cutting. 

cop'pice, n. syiVcope, n. syn'copate, v. 

aj)Oc'ope, n. syn'copist, n. ayn'copize, v. 

Copula, /. 1. a band, a tie : as, cop'uhte, to tie together. 

cop'ula, 71. cop'nlative, a. & n. coup'lahle, a. 

cop'ulate, V cou'ple, n. & v. cou'])lement, n. 

copula'tiou, 77. couplet, n. coup'ling, n. 

♦ For examples of Contra and Counter, see page 18. 




CoQU-Oj V. 3. to boil ; to digest, to ripen : as^ con- 
cocf, to boil together^ to digest (by the stomach.) 

coc'tioviy n. 
coc'dle, a. 
cook, n. & V. 
cook'ery, n. 
cooAr-maid, n. 
concoct', V. 

concoc'^ioiij n. 
concoc'^ive, a. 
Aecoct', V. 
decoc7ion, n. 
decoc7ible, a. 
decocVure, n. 

inconcocf, a. 
inconcoc/'ed, a. 
inconcoc'don, n. 

discowr'age, v. & ii. 
discowr'ager, n. 
discowr'agementj n. 
encowr'age, v. 
encoMr'ager, n. 
encour'aging, a. 
encowVagingly, atZ. 

unconcocVed, a. 

CoR^ coRD-f s^ 72. 3. (;c«g^<i«)j i^/^e heart : -as, con'cord, 
hearts together, union of hearts, (agreement) ; dis'- 
coi'd, hearts asundei';, (disagreement.) 

*accord% v. & n. concor'dantly, ad. discor'dant, a. 

concor'date, n. discor't/antly, ad. 
cor'dial, n. Sc a. 
cor'diaWy, ad. 
cordiaVity, n. 
cor'rfjalness, n. 
core, n. 
cour'age, n. 
coura'geous, a. 

cour a' geously, ad. encour'agement, n. 
co?fra'geousness, n. record', v. 
dis'corrf, n. rec'ord, n. 

discord', v. record'er, n 

discor'dance, n. 
concor'dant, a. & n. discordancy, n. unrecor'rfed, a. 

Com.-UM, n. 2. a skin or hide, leather. 

coria'ceous, a. cur'rying, n. excoViate, v. 

cur'ry, v. cur'ri/comh, n. excoria'tion, n. 

cur'rier, n. 

CoRNU, 71.4. a horn; a trumpet: as, cor^nicle, a little 
horn ; y}!mcorn, (an animal with) one horn. 

bicor^'ous, a. cor'net, n. cor'neler, n. 

cor'nea, n. cor'netcy, n. cor'niciQ, n. 

* Ttiis word certainly comes from accorder, (Ft.) : " derived by some from 
er^rda., the string of a musical instrument ; by others, from coi da, hearts } 
in the first, implj ing harmony, in the olher unify." — Johnson's Diet. 

N 2 

accor'dant, a. 
accor'danily, ad. 
accor'dance, n. 
accor'dancy, n. 
accor'dmg a. 
accor'diugly, ad. 
^n' tic or, n, 
con'cord, n. 
coTicord'r V. 

concor^dance, n. 
concor'dancy, n. 




fornic'w/ate, a. cojviw-co'piae, n. cornu'toi, n. 

cor'neons, a. cornnte', v. cor'ny, a. 

cornu'ted, a. tauricor'^ious, a. 

cornig'erons, a. cornu'lo, n. \x'i\\corn, n. 

CoRON-yi, /.I. a crown : as, UTicrown', to take off 
the crown; cor'onary, relating to a crown. 

coro'na, n. corona'i'iou, n. decrown', v. 

cor'ollaxy, n. cor'oner, n. decrown'mg, n. 

cor'onsi\, n. cor'onet, n. uncrown', v. 

coro'naX, a. crown, n. 8c v. uncrowned', a. 

cor'o7iaTy, a. crown'et, n. 

Corpus, ox-is, n. 3. a body : as, cor'poral, belonging 
to the body ; corpo'real, having a body ; corps/'- a 
body of soldiers ; corpse, a dead body. 

cor'poralwxe, n. cor'puscle, n. 

corpo'real, a. 
h'icor'po7a\, a. corpo'realist, n. 

cone or' por ate, v. corpo'reaXiy, ad. 
concorpora' t\on, n. corpo'reous, a. 
concor'por&l, a. corpore'ity, n. 
cor'poral, a. & n. 
cor'poi-ally, ad. 
corporaVity, n. *corps, n. 
cor'poraie, a. & v. corpse, n. 
cor'porately, ad. cor'pulence, n. 
cor'jDorateness, n. cor'pulency, n. 
corpora' tion, n. cor'pulent, a. 

Cortex, ic-is, m. 3. bark or rind 
take o^the bark. 

cork, n. & v. cor'ticaX, a. 

cor'ky, a. cor'ticated, a. 

cortex, n. corticose', a. 

CoRYMB-c/Sj m, 2. (fcogv^So?), a bunck or cluster of' 
corym'bus, n. corym'biated, a. corymbiCerons^^ a. 

corpus' cular, a. 
corpuscula'riaa, a. 

& n. 
incor'poral, a. 

incor'porate,v Sea. 
incorporation, n. 
incorpo'real, a. 
incorjDoV^Hlly, ad. 
tiicor'poral, a. 

as, decor'ticate, to 

decorticate, v. 
decor tica' (ion, n. 
excorticaVion, n. 

* Corps is pronouncec! cnie — pluval covz. 




CoRUSc-t/s, a. shining, glitteriiig, flashing. 

cortfs'cant, a. corus'cate, v. corusca^tion, n. 

CosciN-oN {icoTKivov), a sieve — coscm'omancy, n. 
CosM-os (Koo-fiog), order, ornament^ the world : a.s, 
cosmet'icj making beautiful; cos'wzical, relating 
to the world ; cosmo^onj, the generation or birth 
of the world, (the creation) ; co5W2og'raphy, de- 
scription (of the general system or affections) of 
the world. 

cosTOOg'rapher, n. cosmop'olite, n. 
cos/Ho^raph'ical, a. xnac'rocosm, n. 
iiieg'acosJM, ii. 
cosmoplas'tic, a. 
cosmora'ma, n. 
t'osmopol'itan, n. 

cosmetic, a. 
cos'micsLl, a. 
cos'micaWy, ad. 
cosmogony, n. 
cosmog'onist, n. 
coswog'raphy, n. 

CosT-./i, f.\. a rib or side. 

coast, n. & V. cost, n. 

coas'ier, n. cos'tsl, a 

mi'crorosw, n. 
microcojs'mical, a. 
typ'ocosmy, n. 

dil^coast', V. 
intercostal, a. 

CouNTj (Eng. a con et puto)j to reckon. {SeePuto.^ 

CouK-jB, V. (Fr. a curro^ Lat.)^ to run. (See Curro.) 

CouvR-iR;, V. (Fr. a con et operire), to cover, to hide : 

as, disco?/er, to take the cover off, (to disclose.) 

cloud-cou'ered, a. cov'ert, n. 8l a. dis^ou'erer, n. 

cov'er, V. & 71. cov'er lly, ad. 

cov'ercle, n. cov'ertness, n. 

cov'erer, n. cov'erture, n^ 

cov'cring, n. iViscov'er, v. 

cov'erlet, n. c.'<r'few, n. 

Crani-um, ?i. 2. (jf^Kwov), the skull. 

cra'nium, n. cra?iios'copyj n. j^ericra'nium, n. 

cranioVogy, n. hem'icrany, n. 

CraSj adv. to-morrow. 

crasCma'tion, n. •^xccrastina'tion^ii. yrorai'linator, n, 
l*vc:ras'iina.te, v. ircras'tinat'wg, a. 

discou'erable, a. 
discov'ery, n. 
undiscou'ered, a. 
undis<^OD'erablej a. 




CiiASS-UAv, a. thick or gross, coarse. 

crass f a. incrassa' (ion, «. crass 'ment, n. 

cras'situde, n. xncras'sat'we, a. crass 'ness, n. 

incras'sa,te, v. & a. 

Crat-os (k^uto?), power, government : as, aris- 
ioc'racy, the government of the nobles ; democ'r«- 
cy, the government of tlie people ; theocV^cy, the 
immediate government of God. 

aristoc'rac?/, or au'tocra^, n. 

aristocVa^y, n. autocra^'ical, a. 

ar'istof^-a^, n, democVac^, or 

aristocra^'ic, a. democVa^y, n. 

aristocj'«/ical, a. dem'ocra^, n. 

aristocrai'icalness, democrai'ic, a. 

w. democra^cal, a. 

autocVa/rice, w. 
autocVacy, n. 

demonoc'racy, n. 
gyneocVacy, n. 
stratocVacy, n. 
syn'o-aiism, 72. 
theocVacy, n. 
theocra^'ic, a. 

democra^'icallyj arf.theofra^'ical, a 

Creat-c/Sj jor j9. (^ creo)j made of nothing. (See Creo.) 

CREi)iT-us,p.p.{^ credo), believed jtrusted. (See Credo.) 

Cred-Oj 17.3. to believe, to trust: as, cr^fi'ible, worthy 

of credit or may be believed ; cred'ulo\xs, apt to 

believe ; cred'it, belief of or trust ; (honom* ; good 


cred'itable, a. 
cred'itahly.^ ad. 
cred'itoT, n. 
cred'itrix, n. 

accred'iied, a. 
riiis'creant, 71. 
cre'dence, n. 
creden'iXa,, n. 
cre'dent, a. 

creden'tial, n. & a. credu'lity, n. 
cred'ih\e, a. cred'ulous, a 

cred'ihly, ad. 
cr«(/'ibleness, n. 
ci'edihiVity, n. 
cred'it, n. & v. 

Crem-o, burn. 

concrema'tiovt, n. crema'lion, n. 

cred'iilously, ad. 
cred' ulousuess, n. 
creed, n. 
dihcred'it, n. & v. 

dis>cred'iiab\e, a. 
incred'ihh, a. 
incred'ihly, ad. 
incred'ibleness, n. 
hicredihiVity, a. 
incredu'lity, n. 
'\wcred'ulo\iL%, a. 
incr^cj'w^ousness, n. 
uncr^rf'itoble, a. 

unrrecf'i/ed, a. 




Cre-o,, v. 1. to make out of nothing : as, ere ate, to 
make out oj" nothing; cre'atuxe, the thing created, 
or 7nade out of nothing, 
concreaie', v. 

create', v. & a. 
crea'tion, n. 
crea'tive, a. 
crea'lox, n. 
crea'tress, n. 
crea'tuTe, n. 
crea'tural, a. 
crea' lurely, a. 

xQc'reant, a. 
recreate', v. 
rec'reate, v. 
Tecrea'tion, n. 
rec'reative, a. 
rec'reatively, ad. 
rec'reativeness, n. 

ipxo'create, v. 
procr^a'/ion, a. 
^xo'creativQ, a. 

pro'crea^iveness, n. xxncreate', v. 
\>xo'creatot, n. wwcrea'teA, a. 

^ro'creant, a. 

Ckep-0, v. I. to tnake a noise, to crackle, to jingle: 
as, discrejo'ancy^ a jingling asunder, {rlifference.) 

crep'it&te, v. Aecrepita'iion, n. i\.Wcrepa.ncy, n. 

crepita'tion, n. decr^jo'iAiess, 71. dis'trejoant. a. 

crev'ice, n. & v. decrejo'i/ude, n. 

Aecrep'it, a. dis'crejpance, n. mcrepa'tio'n, n. 
dscrep'itate, v. 

Crepuscul-173/, 71. 2. (rt crepo), the twilight. 

crepus'cide, n. crepus'culine, a. crepus'culous, a. 

Cresc-0, v. 3. to grow, to increase : as, concrete', to 
grow together (into one mass) ; exfjres'cence, a 
growing out (of another \vithout use.) 

accrgycent, a. 
accretion, n. 
accre'tive, a. 
accrue', v. 

con'creinentj n. 
concres'cence, n. 
concrete', v. & a. 
con'crete, n. 
concretely, ad. 
concrete'nt%$i, n. 
cQwcre'tion. n. 

concre't'wQ, a. increase', v. 
in'crease, n. 

cres'c&nt, a. n. & v. increa'ser, n. 

cres'c'ive, a. mcrease'^vH, a. 

decrease', v. & re, mcrea's\b\e, a. 

decVement, n. m'crement, n. 

Aecres'cent, a. recruit', v. & n. 

decre'tion, n. 
encrease', v. 
excres'^ence, n. 

excres'cent, a. 

xecruit'er, n. 
supercres'cence, n, 
s uperexcres'cence, «. 
wnincrea' sWAe, a. 
unrecn«'/'able, a. 




Cret-a,/. I. chalk — cre^a'ceous, a, 
Cret-u s, p.p.{d CYesco),p'O'i0n,inc)'eased.{SeeCresco.) 
Cket-lts,, p.p. {a coxno), sifted, judged. {SeeCer7io.) 
Crimen, m-is, n. 3. a crime, an accusation: as,crim'- 
inate, to accuse, to charge with crime. 

crim'malnesa, n. 
crim'inate, v. 
crimina'iion, n 
crim'inatoxy, a 
crim'inoxxs, a. 

rccrirmnate, v. 
recriviina'tion, n. 
XQcrim'inatox, n. 
recrim'inatoiy, a. 

crime, n. 
crime'ful, a. 
crimeless, a. 
crim'in'dl, a. Sc n 
crim'ina\[y, ad. 
criminal'ity, n. 

Crin-is, 7«. 3. the hair : as, cnwose', full o^ hair. 
crmig'erous, a. cri'niie, a. crinose', a. 

Crit-es (xg<T»?, a K^im, to separate, to discriminate, 
to Judge), a judge, one who decides : as, crific, 
one skilled in judging (of literature) ; hypoc'risg,* 
an assuming a fictitious character, a feigning or 
dissembling (in morality or religion.) 

crit'ichQ, v. hypercrii'ical, a. 

crit'ici%m, n. •hypoc'my, n. 
critique', n. hyp'ocrite, n. 

Aiacrit'ic, a. 
AisLCrit'icdX, a. 
hypercri^'iCj n. 

Croc-US, m. 2. (xgajcos), saffron, 
cro'ceous, a. croc'odile, n. 

cro'cus, n. 



causes pain : as, cru'cify, to put to death by nail- 
ing the hands and feet to a cross, 
cross, n. a. v. 8cpr. cross'armed, a. crosscut', a. 

cri'sis, 71. 
crite'rion, n. 
crii'ic, n. a. 
crii'ical, a. 
crit'ically, ad. 
crii'icalness, n. 

hypocrtTic, a. 
hypocrtV'tcal, a. 
hypocj-i^'ically, ad. 

croc'odiline, a. 

>i:, \ /. 3. the cross, an instrument for punish. 
:-is, j ing slaves, any ihhig that thwarts or 

* Hypocrisy literally signifies a judging one's self undei- a doak, with 
the view of imposing upon or deceiving. 




cros^-exam'ine, v. cross-ques'tion, v. 
cro^s-examina'tionj cross' -xoaA, n, 
cross' -•wmA, n. 
cro'sieT, n. 
cros'sing, n. 
crossleg'ged, a. 
croslet, n. 
crossly, ad. 
cross'ness, n. 
C7*o*s-pur'posej n. 

cru'ciixl, a. 

cru'ciXAe, n. 
crwcif erousj a. 
cru'ci^e~y n. 
cru'cify, v. 

cru'cifix, n. 
crwcjiix'ion, n. 
CTu'ci?Qxvn, a. 
crucig'exow^, a. 
crux, n. 
excric'ciate, v. 
excru'ciahle, a. 
excrucia'iion, ji. 
excrucia'ilng, a. 
uncrossed', a. 

CmJD-us, a. raw, un?-ipe ; cruel: as, cru'dity, a 
being hidigested or unriiJe. 

crude, a. cru'el, a. Tecru'deucy, w. 

crude'ly, ad. cru'elly, ad. recrudes'cent, a. 

crude'ness, n. crii'elnoss, n. recrudes'cency, n. 

cru'diiy, n. cru'eliy, n. 

Cruor^ m. 3. blood from a wound, gore. 

cruen'tate, a. cruen'tous, a. mcruen'iaX, a. 

CruS;, wc-is, n. 3. the leg — cru'rsX, a. equicrwValj a. 
Crust-Jj a crust, a hard substance on the surface of 

anything : as^ crMs^a'ceous, consisting of crusts or 


crust, n. & V. crus'ty, a. mcrust'. 

crustaf ceovi^, a. crus'tily, ad. 

cr?/s /a'ceousness, n. crus'tiness, n. incrusta't'ion, n. 

crusta'tion, n. d&crusta' txon, n. 

Crystall-uSj /. 2. (fc^va-rccXXo?, ci »^v&>, to co?igea!), 
congealed ox frozen like ice. 

crys'tal, n. & a. crys'tallize, v. crystalUza'tion, n. 

crt/s'talline, a. 

Crypt-o (x^vTTTra), to hide, to conceal : as, apocVy- 
pha, books kept out of sight, or not publiclg com- 
municated, or whose authors are doubtful or not 
ii.^oc'rypha, n. apocVyp^al, a. apocVyjpAally, ad. 




apoc'ryjo^alnessj n. cryp'txc, a. crt/ploVogy, n. 

dL];>oc'ryphx\Ut, n. crt/p'('>ca\, a. crj/p(og.i'mia., or 

■dpocryph'ical, a. crt/p'CicaWy, ad. cryptog'amy, n. 

i'ryptj n. crypfog'taTphy, n. cryptog'&xnous, a. 

•CuB-0, V. 1. to lie down, to recline at table ; to diodl 
or reside : as, mcu?7i'bentj resting or lying upon. 

cum'benty a. 
pxcumb'ency, n. decuba'iion, n. 
accufn'bent, a. & n. decum'bent, a. 
accuba'tion, n. decwm'i^ence, n. 

con'cubme, n. decum'bency, n. 

concu'binage, n. dectim'biture, n. 
cov'ey, n. d'lscu'bitory, a. 

dif^ciim'bency, n. 

inVufius, n. 
incum'bency, n. 
incum'htni, a. &. n. 
procww'ient, a. 

cuh, n. & V. 
cu'batory, a. 
cuba'tiorij n. 

in'ciibate, v. 
inciiba'tion, n. 

recwm'ience, n. 
recum'bency, n. 
Tecu77i'bent, a. 
saccurnb', v. 
nuipenrictun'bent, a. 

CuLC-o/hr Calco^ v. I. (« calx_, the keel), to tread upon. 

concul'cate, v. incul'cate, v. kick, a. & n. 

inculca'tion, n. kic'ker, n. 

CuLM-uSj m~ 2. a stalk of corn ; the top or summit., 
cul'm , n. cul'minate, v. culmina't'xon, n. 

cul'mifeTous, a. 

CvLTN-j,f. 1. a place where meat is dressed, a Jcitchen. 
cu' Unary, a. 

C\]LV-A, f. 1. a fault, blame : as, e:\cnJ'p:ito, to fi'vc 
fi'om alleged blayne or faidt. 

c^J'pable, a. excurpahle, a. incurpahle, a. 

cnl'pahXy, ad. excul'pate, v. incul'pahly, ad. 

cul'pahlenesa, n. exculpa'tion, n. mcul'paWltuef-^, ?j. 

culpahiViiy, n. Qxcid'patory, a. wneurpahXe, a. 

CuLTiv-ER, V. (Fr. a colo);, to cultivate. (See Colo.) 
CvLT-us, p.p. (« colo), tilled, cultivated. (See Colo.) 
CuiiB-ofor CuBO; to lie down. (See Cube.) 




CuMVL-o, v.l. (rt cumulusj m.2. a heap) ^ to ltd]) 
up, to increase : as^ accu'mulate, to heap to or 
upoii_, to increase. 

accu'fnulate,v. &.a. accu'mulatiye, a. cumula'tiow, n. 
■dccumula'iion, n. accu'mulatively, ad. cu'mulat'we, a. 
?iccu'mula(ory n. cu'nmlate, v. 

CvNE-uSj m. 2. a wedge : as, cii'neal, relating to a 


cu'neal, a. cu'nealed, a. cune'iCorm, a. 

CuPi-Oj V. 3. to desire — cupid'ity, ??. 
CvPR-uM, n.2. cojyper : as, coj/pery, containing, or 

made of crpjier. 

cop'per, n. cop'perish, a. cop'pery, a. 

cop' per a?,, n. cop'perv/ork, n. cu'preous, a. 

cop'per--plate, n. cop'persmiih, n. 

CuRA, /. 1., concern, charge, a cure: as^ si'ne- 
cure, (an office which has revenue) without emploij- 
ment or care ; cu'raie, one who has the cure or 
charge (of souls under another.) 

ac'curate, a. cu'rer, n. 

ac'ciirately, ad. cu'rabh, a. 
ac'ci/rateness, n. c^^Vableness, 71. 

cii'racy, or 

cwVateship, n, 

cu'rate, n. 

cu'ratiwe, a. 

cnra'ior, n. 

cti'rions, a. 

cu'riously, ad. 

cu'riousness, n. 

cwrios'ity, n. 

inac'cwrate, a. 

inac'cwrately, ad 

mac' curacy, n. 

incM'Hous, a. 

incwViously, ad. 

ac curacy, n. 
care, n. & v. 
car ^-cra'zed J a. 
care-defy 'ing, a. 
care-tuned', a. 
C(7i-f-woun'ded, a. 
care'hA, a. 
care'fully, ad. 
carc'fulnesSj n. 
careless, a. 
Crtrc'lessly, ad. 
carelessness, n. 
cure, n. Sl V. 
CMreless, a. 

mcwV?ousness, n. 
inczf'riosity, n. 
insecure', a. 
insecurely, ad. 
insecw'rily, n. 
Tproc'uraior, or 
proc'^or. n. 
proc'^rship, n. 
proc/o'rical, a. 
procw'rable. a. 

procwra'don, 71. 
Y>rocurato'ria\, a. 
procwra'/orship, n, 
■proc'uraiory, a. 
procure', v. 
procwVer, n 




proc?iVess, n. secure', a. & v. 

procure'ment, n. sectc'rer, n. secwVity, n. 

*proa.''3^, n. sec?; rely, ad. sVaecvre, n, 

pro-r'^/ship, n. sec?/re'ness, n. unsecwre', a. 

CuRR-o, V. 3. to run : as, incwr, to run in ; excwr'- 
sioiij a rwwwing out ; precw/«oi% one who rwws 
before ; recwrVence, a runnmg back ; suc'cowt*, ?o 
?7^?? up, (to help) ; con' course, a running together. 

antecwr'sor, w. 
career', n. & u. 
car'ry, v. 
car'rier, n. 
car'riable, a. 
car'riage, n. 

intercwrVent, a. 

cur'sorajy, a 

cur'sory, a. 

cur'sorily, ad. 

cur'soriuess, n. 

cu'rule, a. 

decur'sion, n. 

AX^course', n. & v. 

disco wr'ser, n. 

discowr'singj n. 

discor/r'sive, a. 

disc?^r'sive, a, 
concwrVent, a. & n. dhcur's'iveXy, ad. 
concMrVently, ad. discr/r'siveness, n. recur', v. 

con'course, n. 
concur', v. 
concur' rence, n 

occur , V. 
occzfrVence, ». 

occwr'^ion, n. 
overcorV^, v. 

jiTeciir'soT, n. 
precwr'sory, a. & n. 
xecar'ry, v. 
recourse', n. 

couraxit', n. di^cur'sory, a. recur'rence, n. 

cou'rier, n. excur'sion, n. recur'rency, n. 

course, n. «& v. exc?fr'sive, a. recwrVent, a. 

cour'ser, n. excur'sively, ad 

cour'sing, a. excur'siveness, n, suc'cour, v. & n. 

cur'rent, a. inconcw/ring, a. suc'courer, n. 

czir'rently, ad. incu7'', v. suc'courless, a. 

cwrVentnesSj n. incwr'sionj n. 

cur'rency, n. in'tercourse, n. transcz<r'sion, n. 

cur'ricle, n. intercwr', v. uncwrVent, a. 

cur'siloT, n. intercM/rence, n. \an-cou'rier, n. 

CvRS-uSj p.p. (a curro), run. (See Curro.) 

CuRT-c/s, a. short : as, curtaiV, to make short, 

curtai'ler, n. curta'tiou, n. 

curtly, ad. curtai'ling, n. 

curtAiV, V. cur'tal, a. & n. 

* Proxy is, by contraction, from procuracy, and signifies either taking 
the care or charge of any thing for another ; or one who takes the care oj 
any business, or acts, for another. (See page 32.) 




CuRV-t/s^ a. crooked, bent : as, vecur've, to bend back. 

cur'valed, a. cur'vhy, n. recar'uate, v. 

\ncur'v&te, v. recurva'iiou, n. 

cur'valnre, n. mcurva' tion, ii. recur'viiy, it. 

curve', a. n. & v. incur'vity, ?». reeur'cous, a. 

cwrt"?'lin'ear, a. recurve', v. 
Cus-o^ V. 1. (comP- form of catiso), to make a cause, 

to allege. (See Causa.) 
Cuss-uSj p.p. (comP- form of quassus), shaken. (See 

CusTODi-yi, /. 1. (d custos^ odisj c 3. a keeper), the 

act of keeping charge. 

cus'tody, n. custo'dial, a. custodier', n. 

Cuspis^ \di-is, f. 3. the point of a weapon, a point. 

cusp, n. ciis'psiieiii, a. cus'pidal, a. 

ciis'pidatc, V. ctis'pida,ted, a. cus'pis, n. 

CuT-iSj /. 3. the skin : as, cuta'neous, relating to the 

cuta'neous, a. cutic'ular, a. subcuta'neous, a. 

cu'iicle, n. intercuta'7icQus, a. 

CuTi-0^ V. 3. (comP" form of quatio, v. 3. to shake), to 
shake: as^ discuss' , to shake asmider,, {to examine); 
coiiCUSsioTi, a shaking together. 
concwssa'/ion, n. dS&cussVow, u. \iixcussVon, n. 

concus'sed, a. discws'sive, a. perctt'/ient, n. 

conc^issi'on, n. discw'/jentj n. xe-^ercuss', v. 

cowcus'sive, a. reperrw^ii'on, tt. 

discw**', V. repercMs'^ive, a. 

disCMs'ser, n. 'mconcus'sihXe, a. ^uccnssa' t\on, n. 

discus'sing, n. ^wcc us sV on, n. 

CouTUMEj /. (Fr.) habit, fashion, way or manner 
usage or use. 

accus'tom, v. & n. 
accus'tomahle, a. 

accus'fomed, a. 

cus'iom, n. Si. v. 
cns'tom-hou^e, n. 
cus'lomable, a. 
cus'tomably, ad. 

cus'iomary, a. 
cits'tomer, n. 

vmaccus' tomedf a. 


Cycl-us, m. 2. (y.vKXog), a Circle : as^, encj/c/ope'dia, 
the circle of sciences ; ci/clova' eiiy , the art of mea- 
suring cycles or circles. 

cy'cle, n. cy'clo-pedy, n. encyc/ope'dian, a. 

cy'cloid.^ n. eneyc/ope'dist, n. 

cyc/oid'al, a. ency'c/opede, n. &p''v;ycle, n. 

cyclonVetry, n. encyc/ope'dy, n. epicyc/oid, n. 

c^c/opae'dia, ti. encyc/ope'dia, w. 

Cylindr-os (7cvA<v^go?)j « roller, 

Ci/'linder, n. cylin'dric, a. eylin'droii, n. 

cylin'drical, a. 

CyoNj cyn-os {kvuv, nwog), a dog ; cT/n'iC) relating to 

a dog, (also a snarling philosopher.) 

c^nan'thropy, n. cyn'ic, a. & n. cyn'osnre, n. 
cyn'ical, a. 

Cyst-is («vtfT<5j ^ x,va, to contain), a bladder, a bag. 
cyst, or cys't\c, a. encys'ted, a. 

cys'tis, n. cystotfomy, n. 


Dactyl-i/Sj m. 2. QxKrvXei), a finger ; a foot or 
measure of verse, consisting of one long syllable 
and two short. 

dac'lyl , n. dac'tylic, a. dactyloVogy, n. 

dac'tylet, n. dac'tylist, n. 

Dam-^0 Qcc^xa), to tame, to bring under the yoke. 

ae?'amant, n. acfaman'tine, a. di'amond, n. 

a,dama,nte'an, a. rfj'a?nantine, a. di'amonded, a. 

Damn-ltMj n. 2. loss, hurt, harm : as, endam^Sige, to 
make or cause loss or huii. 

condemn', v. condem'nahle, a. condem'natory, a. 

condem'ner, n. condzmna'tion, n. dam'age, n. & v. 




rfam'ageable, a. 
damn, v. 
dam'ned, a. 
dam^nahlej a. 
dam'nahly, ad. 

dam'naioryy a. 
dam'ningness, n. 
dam'nify, u. 
damniC'ic, a. 
enrfflw'age, or 

enrfawi'agementj n. 
indem'nify, v. 
in<i^«»iifica'tion, re. 
rndem'mty, n. 
unrfawj'aged, a. 
unconc?fm'ned, a. 

cfaw'riableness, n. inrfam'age, v. 
damna'tioTij n. enrfam'aging, n. 

Dat-us, p.p. (a do), given. (See 7J)o.) 

Debil-iSj a. {d de et habeo, to hold), loeak, feeble. 

deh'ile, a. debU'it a.te, v. debilita' Hon, n. 

dehWiiy, n. 

Debit-l/Sj a. {a debeo, v. 2. a de et habeo), what is 
owing ; as, debt' or, one who owes. (See Habeo,) 

debt. n. debt'oT, or 

deb'itor, n. indebt'ed., a. 

debtflQ^^, a. deb'it, n. & v. ixidebl'meni, ti. 

Deca, Decem QiHx), ten : as, dec'agon, a figure 
with ten angles ; decemWrn, ten men^ (governors 
of Rome) ; dec'imol, numbered by ten. 

Skdidec'ima.tQ, v. Decem'her, 71. dec'njple, a. 

*dean, n. rfecem'pedal, a. decu'rion, n. 

decerri'viri, n. Anodec'agon, n. 

dccem^rrate, 11. dxxodec'imo, n. 

decem'x'usX, a. duoc^ec'wple, a. 

dec'imal, a. & n. endec'agon, n. 

dec'imate, v. indec'imable, a. 

decima'tor, n. hexdec'agon, n. 

decima'tion.) n. sub(/^c'uple, a. 

decQTi'maX, a. xxndec'agon, n. 

Dech-oat^i Qiy^ofAxi), to take in, to receive. 

T^sin'dect, n. syneccfocA'ical, a. ?,ynQcdoch'ic?L\\y,ad. 

•^[■synec' doche, n. 

dean'ety, n. 
/f^an'ship, n. 
rfec'achord, n. 
decade.', n. 
dec'agon, n. 
dec'dlogue, n. 
deca'nsY, a. 
Dgcap'olis, 71. 

* A denn is so called, because he was anciently set over ten canons or 
prebendaries, at least in some calbedral churches. — Ayliffe. 

* F^or examples of a Synecdoche, see thp Author's " Outlines of English 





DecenSj nt-is, a. (a decet), becoming, graceful. 

de'ccncy, n. inde'cency, n. 

de'cent, a. inde'cent, a. unde'cent, a. 

de'cently, ad. inde'cently, ad. 

DecoR;, m. 3. (rt decet, it becomes), comeliness, beauU, 
grace, elegance : as, electorate, to make beautiful 
or elegant. 

dec'orate, v. 
decora'tion, n. 
dec'oratOT, n. 
dec^orons, a. 
dec'orously, ad. 

deco'rum, n. 
dedecora'tion, 7i. 

indeco'rows, a. 
inrf^coVously, ad. 
indeco'ronsne&s, n. 
ivideco'7-um, n. 

De-us, m.2. a god; God: as, c/e'/cide, the murder 
0? our Saviour ; de'i^y, to make a god of. 

de'icidit, 11. 
de'ify, V. 
de'i&er, n. 
dei^'ic , a. 
rf^ifica'tion, n. 
de'ifoim, a. 

t/eip'arouSj a. 
de'ity, n. 
*de'ist, n. 
deis'tical, a. 
de'hm, n. 
de'itdiie, a. 

cTe'odand, n. 
rfire, n. 
e?ire'ftil, a 
(/ire'fulness, n. 
Jire'ness, n. 
Te De'um, n. 

[)Ehici-M, f. 1. ang thing that delights; niceties. 

delici'ons, a. 
delicVo^xsly, ad. 
delicVousness, n. 
delicacy, n. 

del'icate, a 
del'icately, ad. 
del'icateness, n. 

indel'icacy, n. 
indel'icaie, a. 

Deliri-um, n. 2. (d de et lira), dotage ; the intellect 
impaired by age or passion. 
delir'ium, n. delir'iovis, a. delir'iovisness, n. 

* A deist is one who follows no particular religion, but only acknowledges 
the existence of God, without any other article of faith or revealed religion. 

But ♦' the word deist or theist, in its original signification, implies merely 
the belief of God, being opposed to atheist ; and so there may be deists of 
various kinds, according to their respective religions which they i*ceive, 
over and above that prime article. liut those that reject all traditional 
religions, and yet profess to believe in God, are merely deists, or emphati- 
cslly such."— WaCeriand . Cmist. Vind. 

DEM 163 DEN 

Bemn-o (comP-form ofdamno), to lose. (SeeDatnno.) 
De-o (^ia), to bind — ([Vade7n, n. diWew?ed, a. 
DemIj a. (Fr. a dimidiumj Lat. half), half: as, demi- 

god, half a God. 

f/em'i-god, n. dem'i-udJiVLxedi, a. dem'i-\fo\?, n. 

dem'i-d.ew'il, n. dem'i-^remises, w. dem'y, 11. 

dem'i-man, n. dem't-xty), n. 

Dem-os i)r,(AO';'), the people : as, endeni'ic, in the 
people, (peculiar to a country) ; e-^\dem'\c, falling 
upon the people, (general, universal.) 

dem'sLgogne, n. democrdt'ic, a. endem'ical, a. 

democ'racy, or (//?wocrat'ical, a. e-pidem'ic, a. 

democ'raty, n. &g,idem'ica\, a. 

dem'ocraU n. endc'mial, a. J^icode'mus, n. 

endem'ic, a. panrf^m'ic, a. 

Demon QonfAuv), a spirit ; generally an evil spirit : 
asj demonoYogy, discourse on tlie nature of devils 
or evil spii'its. 

cacode'mon, n. demo'nian, a. demonoYaixy, n. 

de'moti, n. rfe'«20?iship, n. demon'omy, n. 

de'moness, n. demonoVogy, n. demon'omht, n. 

demorii'acal, a. demonoc'xacy, n. panc?emo'mum, n. 
demo'niac, a. 8c n. 

Dendr-on (^sv^^ov), a tree. 

dendret'ic, a. dendroVogy, n. dendroVogist, n. 

dendrot'ic, a. 

DENS-t7S, a. thick, close : as, den'siXy, a being close. 

cond en' sable, a. condense', v. dense, a. 

conden'sate,v. Slu. conden'sex, n. den'sity, n. 

condensa'tion, n. conden'sity, n. xecondense', v. 
conden'sative, a. 

Dens, nt-?'5, m. 3. a tooth : as, den'tal, belonging to 
the teeth : as, imlen'tixYe, the thing indented or 
cut like teeth, (a covenant or contract.) 
birf^n'/al, a. den'tal, a. den'ied, a. 

Aedentiii'on, n. dcn'list, n. den'tated. a. 

DES 164. DIE 

denticula'tion, n. ederi'tated, a. labio-den'ia], a. 

dentic'ulattA, a. indent', v. & n. lingua-deti'tal, a. 

deti'tifrice, n. indenta'tiou, n. trVdent, n. & a. 

dentiti'on, n. *mden't\\xe, n. & v. ixiden'ttdi, a. 

Despot-es QiT7rorn<;, a ^ia-f^og, a bond, of ha, to bind) J 
one who imles as a master over his slaves : as^ 
des'poUz, belonging to a despot or absolute prince. 

des'pot, n. despot'ical, a. despot'icalnesSj n. 

despotic, a. despoi'icaXly, ad. des'potism, n. 

DeterioRj a. worse : as^ dete'riorate, to make worse. 

dete'riorsLte, v. deteriora't'wn, n. 
Deuter-os Qivrz^oi'), second: as, Deuteron'omj, the 

second book of the law_, (the fifth book of Moses.) 

deulerog'amy, n. Deuteron'oxny, n. deuteros'co'py, n. 
deuierthg'axnist, n. 

Dexter^ a. right-handed, fortunate, skilful, expert : 
as, ambi(/e.r7rous, using both hands ahke, (double- 
dealing) ; dex'trous, expert at manual employment. 

avdhidex'ter, n. dex'ter, a. dex'lerousness, n. 

amb'idexter'ity, n. dexter'iiy, n. dex'lraX, a. 

ambicfe,r'^rous, a. dex'terons, a. dextraVity, n. 

ambic?e.r'^ousness, dex' ter onsly, ad. index ter'iiy, n. 

DiCAT-c7s, p.p. (d dico), set apart, (See Dico.) 

DicH-^ Qi^^.), ill two parts, 
dichot'omy, n. dichoi'oxwizQ, v. 

Di-ES, m. or/, 5. a day : as, di'arj, a book of every- 
day transactions ; noctirf'ml, comprising a night and 
a day. 

antemeri(/'ian, a. c?i'arist, n. rfjs'mally, ad. 

di'ary, n. dis'taaX, a. rfis'malness, n. 

* An Indenture is a writing by which a covenant or contract is entered 
into by two or more persons ; so named, because the counter parts are in- 
dented, or cut one by the other, like a saw or teeth, eacli being answerable 
to its countei' part, which has the same contents. 



J) re 

diurn'al, a. xnend'ional, a. quotici'ian, a. 6i lu 

diurn'aWy, ad. noctirf'iaii, a. sine die. 

meriof'tan, n. & a. postmeri(/''ian, a. ixid'nim, a. 

DTc-o (-avi;, -atum^ Icpevw, sacor, sanctuS;, pius, ha- 
giosj hieros), v. I, to set apart, devote : as, ded'i- 
cate, to set apart, or devote (to sacred uses). 

ah'dicant, a. ded'icate, v. & a, ded'icatory, a, 

ab'dicate, v. ded'icated, a. in'dej\ n. 

ah'dicating, a, ded'icating, a. inde^c'iccd, a. 

abdica'tion, n. ded'icatov^ n. underf'ic-ated, a. 

Dic-0 (dixi, dictum^ \ir^tc^ fan, loquor, phano, pai- 
ler, oro), v. 3. to speak, say, tell: as, bene^/'/c'/ion, 
a saymg good, a blessing ; inteiY//<:7', to say be- 
tween, to forbid ; pre«c/^^', to speak publicly upon 
sacred subjects; -predict', to say before, to fu retell ; 
in<://c'arive, showing on, oy pointing out. 
addict', V. dic'tatory, a. indi'ctment, n. 

addict' ed., o. rfic'tature, n. vndic'iion^ lu 

adrfjc^'edness, n. dic'tion, n. inrfic'tive, a. 

nddici'ing, a. dic'tionary, n. 

addic't'wn, n. dic'/um, n. 

henedic'tion^ n. dit'to, n, 
causid'ical^ a. e'dici, n. 

conitadict', v. fatirf'ical, a. 

contradict' ed, a. m'dicant, a. 
contradict' tr, n. inWicate, v. 

contradict'mg, a. uVdicated, a, 
contradic'tion, n. m'dicating, a. 
contradict'ory,aSin.indica'tion, n. 
coutrarfic^'orily, o^, inc^ic'ative, a. 
dic'tate, v. & n. inrfic'atively, ad. 

dic'tated, a. 
dic'tating, a. 
dicta'tion, n. 
dicta'tor, 7i. 
rficrato'rial, a. 
<fJc.'a'torship^ n. 

in'dicator, n. 
in'rficatory, a. 
indi'ct, V, 
indi'ciaWe, a. 
mdi'cted^ a. 
mdi'ctex^ ii. 

indite', v. 
indi'ted, a. 
indi'ter, n. 
indi't'wg, a. 
indite'ment, ti. 
m'terdici, n. 
interdict'., v, 
interc?;c^'ed, a. 
interrfjc/'ing, a. 
interrfjc^ion, rt. 
interrfic/'ive, a. 
interdict' ory, a. 
imid'icai, a. 
juris(/ic7ion, »2. 
jurisrfic'/ional, a. 
jarisdict'ive, a. 
maledic'tion, n, 
preoo^, V. 

Die 166 DIP 

predict', v. predictive, a. unprerfic^', v. 

prerfic/'ed, a. predict'or, n. valedic'tion, n. 

predict'ing, a. uiiadrfic^'ed, a. valedictory, a. &. u. 

-predic'iioii, n. uncontracfec/'ed, o, ver'dict, n. 

T) Id -u M , sup. to speak. Dict-uSj p.p. said. (SeeDico.) 

DiDASc-o Qidxa-KAi^jto teach, to instruct, togivej^recejyts. 
didac'lic, a. didac'ticaX, a. didac'ticaMy, ad. 

DiET-A, f. 1. {}iciiTx),/hod,7'egi77ien,{asipve?,cnhedhy 
a physician) : as^ dietet'ic, relating to diet or food, 
di'et, n. & v. di'eter, n. dietei'ical, a. 

di'etary, a. &. n. dielet'ic, a. di'edng, n. 

DiGiT-uSj m. 2. a finger ; a finger s breadth. 

dig'it, n. dig'itatedi, a. indigita'tion, n. 

dig'itdX, a. indig'iiate, v. 

DiGN-c/s,a. worthy: as_,in</2]9''?2it3^,un2e'or^/?^ treatment; 

di^'7iiiy, to make wo7ihi/, (to advaiice, to ho7iour.^ 

condign', a. dig'niiy, n. 

condigt/ly, ad. dig'nitary, n. 

condigri'ness, n. Aisdain', v. & n. \ndig'n\ty, n. 

deign, n. disrfaira'ful, a. 'vn.dig'n?int, a. 

deign'ing, n. disrfofn'fuUy, ad. mdig'nantly, ad. 

dig'nify, v. discfajra'fulness, n. indigna'iion, n. 

dig'nified, a. disdai'ning, n. 

digni&Cdi'tion, n. 

DiLuvi-i73fj n. 2. the deluge ; antedilu'vian, one who 
Uved before the deluge. 

antedilu'vian,a.8i7i.delu'vi&te, v. "postdilu'vianja.Scn. 

dilu'vian, a. del'uge, n. & v. 

DiPLOMAj'"' n. 3. QiTi-Xiuf^a, a ^i^rXoog, double^, a dupli- 
cate; a letter or writing confer ri7ig so7ne p7'ivilege. 
*diplo'ma, n. diplo'macy, n. diplomat'ic, a. 

diplo'matht, n. 

* So called, because either a duplicate of this wTiting was kept* or used 
formerly to be written on waxed tables, and/oWerf together. The term is 
now restricted to the licence or certificate given by colleges or learned bo- 
dies, to practise in a learned profession, as in theology or medicine. 




Dis, Di (^<5), two : as^ o^essyl'lable^ a word of two 
syllables ; 6^/g'amy, second marriage, 
rfilem'rna, n. f/ip'hthong, n. r/i^'sy liable, n. 

dig'&mji n. r/igas'tric, a. rfjmid'iate, v. 

cfipet'alous, a, dim'eter, n. 

DisciPUL-us, m. 2. (« disco, V. 3. to learn), a scholar, 
a learner : as, disci' ph, a scholar, or one icho re- 
ceives instruction (from another.) 

xlisci'pHe^ n. & v. dis'ciplinahle, a. dis^cipUnary, a. 
disci'pleshi-p, n. dis'ciplinxnt, n. undis'ciplined, a. 
disci'ple-like, a. disciplinn'i-ian, ti. 
dis'cipline, n. & v. &. a. 

DiT-i7S, p. p. (comP-form ofdatus,) given. (See Do.) 
DiUTURN-us, a. (a diu, adv. long), long, lasting. 

diutur^nity, n. diutur'nal, a. 
Div-us, m.2. (a Jove), a god ; God: as, divme', 

belonging to God ; one who studies the nature of 

God ; or to forelel, {to guess.) 

divine', a. n. 8iv. divhie'ness, n. div'inatory, a. 

divin&'\y, ad. divvi'ity, n. divin'iRed, a. 

divi'ner, n. divina'tion^ 7i. 

c/i?nne'ress, n. div'inator, n. 

Do, V. 1. (a ^i^ufii ofhoa), to give : as ad^a^, to give to; 
do' ROY, one who gives; edition, a giving out, (pub- 
lication of a book) ; da' five, (the case of nouns, de- 
noting the person to whom) any thing is given. 

ah'dilory, n. aMWaratnU n coTic?«7i'onally, ad. 

ahdo'men, n. adcii;i'on, n. conc^j^ional'ity, n. 

abrfom'inal, a. acW«7i'onal, a- conrfi^i'onary, a. 

abcfom'inous, a. adf/i/i'onally, ad. con^fj^i'oned, a. 

abscoiirf', V. ad(/i/i'onary, a. date, n. & v. 

abscon'c?er, n. ad'c?«7ory, a. da' lev, n. 

adof', V. antedate', v. date'less, a. 

adden'dum, n. commanc?', v- 8l n. da'tum, n. 

adVible, a. conJi/i'on, n. 

adcfibil'ity, n. conff?7i'onal, a. 




da'tive, a, ecfi^o'rial, a. rec'ondite, a. 

deditVon, n. erf'i/orship, n. redditi'on, n. 

de'odand, n. in'condite, a red'ditive, a. 

de-per'dii, n. suboft7iti'ous, a. 

de^Gx'dUely, ad, *s,\ihdue', v. 

de-pexdttVon, n. ined'ited, a. suhdu'er, n. 

don'&ry, n. iaa.nda'mus, n. subcfw'able, a. 

donee', m. ma.n'date, n, subcfw'al, n. 

do'noT, n. man'daiary, n. superadof', -o. 

dona'iion, n. man'daior, n. snperadditi'on, n. 

don'aiive,n. man'oTa^ory, a. &n. sui-ad(fi7i'ori, n. 

edit'y V. unconcfi/i'onable, a. 

editi'on, n. percTiri'on, n. unconcfid'onal, a. 

ed'itor, n. •perdu 

Doc-Eo, V. 2. to teach : as, doc'ile, apt to learn, or 

easy to be taught ; <loc'trme, the thing taught, 

doc'ible, a. doc'iored, a. doc^iiuient, n. & v. 

cToc'ibleness, n. cToc'^orally, ad. cfocwmen'tal, a. 

docibU'ity, n, doc'torly, a. documen^tary, a. 

doc'ile, a. ^doctors-commons,n.iQdoc'trinate, v. 

docil'ity, n. ofoc^orship, n. mdoctrina'iion, n 

•\doc'toT, n. doc'trine, n. iadoc'ihle, a. 

doc'ioress, n. doc'irinal, a. & 7i. indoc'ile, a. 

doc'torate, n. & v. doc'irinaYly, ad. indocil'ity, n. 
DocT-us, p.p. (rt doceo), taught, learned. (SeeDoc^o.) 
Dogma, at-^5, n. 3. Qcyr^cc, uro^, a ^oiczu, to seem or 

thitiM), that which seems right or fitting ; a tenet, 

an opinion, an established principle : as, dog- 

mat'ic, pertaining to dogmas or established princi- 
ples, (authoritative.) 

dog' ma, n. dogmat'icaX, a. dog'matist, n. 

dog'matlsm, n. dogmat'ica'U.y, ad. dog'maiise, v. 

dogmat'ic, a. & n. dogynat'icalness, n. dog'matiser, n. 

* Subdue is by some derived from sub and jugum, a yoke. 

i Doctor, literally, one who teaches, or the person that is taught 
or learned ; the highest degree in any faculty in a college or university : 
as, D. D. doctor divinitatis, Doctor of Divinity ; L.L. D. legum doctor. 
Doctor of Lows ; M. D. mediciiicB doctor. Doctor of Medicine ; D. Mus. 
<nu»its(B doctor. Doctor of Music. 

i: Doctors-Commons, a College of Civilians ; Dr. an abbreviation for Doo 
tor or Debtor. 




DoLE-o, V. 2. to grieve, to he in jmin 
causing pain or (jrief. 
condole', v. 

as, Jolorif 'ic, 

condole'ment, n. 
concfo'Yence, w. 
conoToVer, n. 
condo'ling, n. 
dei/'o/entj a. 
dole, n. 
dole'£\x\y a. 
dole'fuWy, ad. 

domain', n. 
dom'inant, a. 
dorn'inate, v. 
domina'tion, n. 
dom'inative, a. 
dom'inatox, n. 

doloriQ' exovi^, a. 
dol'orous, a. 
dol'orous\y, ad. 
in'dolence, n. 
in'dolency, n. 
'wi'dohnt, a. 
in'cfo/ently, ad. 

precfo/ft''i«ance, w. 
preofom'mancy, n. 
-pxedom'i7iaut, a. 
precfom'iwantly, ad. 
pxQdom'mate, v. 

cTo/e'fulnesSj n. 

do' lent, a. 

dole'some, a. 

dole'ioniely, ad. 

dole'someness, n, 

do'lor, or 

do'lour, n. 

dolorif'eio[xs, a. 

dolorif'ic, a. 
DoMiN-t/Sj m. 2. (a domus, — as, qK^ domi prce -est) ; 
a inaster, lord or ruler : as, dom', j»?resz6/ing 
or riding. 

domineer', v. 

domin'ical, a. 

domm'ion, n. 

don, n. 

a.n'no-Domini, or 

A. D. 
DoM-o, v.l. to break or tame, to subdue: as, mdom! ^ 
eVable, that cannot be tamed or subdued, 
daunt, V. 

daunt'less, a. undaun'ted, a. 

dauntlessness, n. mdom'itaWe, a. \xndaun't&d\y, ad. 

ixidom'ite, a. undaun' l&dxies^, n. 

DoM-c/s, /. 4. & 2. a house, a home, a family : as, </o- 
mes't'ic, belonging to the house ore family. 
*dom, 11. domes' tics^., a. dom'icile, n. 

dome, n. domes' iically, ad. dom'iciled, a. 

do'mal, a. domes' licate., ik domicil'iary, a. 

domes'lic, a. & n. domiciViate, v. 

DoN-i7M, n. 2. (a do), the thiyig given, a gft ' as, 
do' nor, one who gives j don^a', one who receives 
a gift. 

do'noT, n. don'ativQ, n. 

dona'tion, n. donee', n. 

* See page 67. 

DOR 17^ DRO 

I)oRM-ro^ V. 4. fo sleep : as, dor'm'dnt, sleejjmg. 

dor'in ant, a. &. 71 dor'mitoxy, n. cfor 'mouse, n. 

dor'niancy, n~ 

DoRS-f/M, n. 2. the hack : as, endoise', to put or write 
one's name on t/te back (of a bill.) 

do7-'sal, a. dorsiferous, a. endorse', v. 

dor'se\- or dorsv/arou^, a. endor'ser, n. 

dor'ser, n. endorse'xneni, n. 

Dos, dot-?5j/. 3. (« ^i^MyA),a dowru, a marriage portion. 

do'isX, a. r endoio', v. encfow'ment, n. 

dota'tion, n. endoiv'cr, n. unenrt'o?t'ed', a. 

DoT-os QoTo^, a ^ou, ^i^ojui, fo give), given. 

*avi'ecdote, n. antldo'ta], a. dose, n. 

aneccfo/'ical, a, antido'tary, a, do'sis, n. 

axi'tidote, n. & v. apod'osis, n. 

Dox-j Qo^oc, a "^oKia)), an opinion, fame, glory : as, 
or'tho^^oo;, right or sound in opinion or doctrine ; 
het'eroc/oa;, another opinion, or deviating from the 
established opinion, 

doxoVogy, n. orthodo.r'y, n- parado^'ical, a. 

doxo\og'ica\, a. or'ihodox, a- -paradox'icaWy, ad. 

hei'erodox, a. Sen. ox'ihodoxly, ad. -paTadox'ica\ness,n. 

het'erodoxy, n. or'thof/orness, ii. '\paxadoxo\'ogy, n. 
heterocfoc^'ical, a. 'pax'adox, n. 

Drama Q^xf^x, a ^^ccm, to act), an action, a play ; 
a poem in which the action is not related, but re~ 

dra'ma, n, dramai'xeaS., a. dram'atist, n. 

dramat'ic, a. dramat'icaUy, ad. 

Drom-os (^^of/.og, a ^e^, to run), a running. 

AVadrom, n. ■paVindrome, n. \>xo'drome, n. 

drom'edaiy, n. syn'drome, n. proVromous, a. 

orthof/rom'ics, n. h]\)''^odrome, v. 

* See under the prefix A, page 39. 




Drus O^vi), the oak-tree : as^ dru'id, a priest among 
the ancient Gauls and Britons, who performed 
worship under cm oak-tre'C. 

dru'i^^ n. dru'idism, n. dry'ad, n. 

Jr<dd'ical, a. 
DuBi-i7S, a. doubtful: as, mdu'bitahXe, that cannot 
he doubted ; mdu'bion^, not doubtful. 

doubt^ V. & Ji. donht'mg^ n. mdu'bioMS, a. 

doubt'er, n. dribi'&ty, n. indu'bitdble:, a. 

doubl'fii], a- du'bious, a. mdu'biiably, ad. 

doubl'hiWy, ad- du'bionsly, ad- 

cfou^^'fulness, 11. du'biousness, n. 

doubl'ingly, ad- 

doubtless, a. du'biidhle, a. 

doubl'lessly, ad. 
Duc-0, V.3. to bring, to lead : as, deduct', to bring 
down ; mduce', to bring in ; proc/icc^ive, bringing 
forward ; seduce', to lead aside ; confii'w'cive, lead- 
ing together ; duc'tile, that may he bent or drawn 
out into length. 

undoubt'ed, a. 
nndoubi'edly, ad. 
urirfojvi/'inijr, a. 

ahduce', v. 
eihdiic't'wu, n. 
ahduc'ior, n. 
ahdzi'cant, a. 
adduce', v. 
addu'ceut, a. 
addu'cihle, a. 
adduc'tion, n. 
^dduc'tive, a. 
aq'neducl, n. 
archduke', n. 
archdu'cal, a. 
cSbVidiict, n. 

cortduce', v. 

condu'cihle, a. 
conff7/'cibleness, ti. du'cal, a. 

condtc'ci\e, a. 
condu'civeness, n. 
con' duel, n. 
condicct', V. 
condiic'tor, n. 
conduc' txess, 11. 
conductiti'ous, a. 
con'duit, a. 
deduce', v. 
deduce'ment, n. 
dedii'cihXe, a. 
dedxi'chie, a. 
deduct', V. 
deduc'tioYi, n. 
dediic'tive, a. 

*duc'at, n. 
duct, n. 
duc'tile, a. 
r/wc'^ileness, n. 
ductil'ity, n. 

duke, n. 
duch'ess, or 
dutch' ess, n. 
dutch'y, n. 
duke'dom, n. 
dux, n. 
cd'ucate, v. 
educa'tion, n. 

* Ducat, a foreign coin struck by ditJces ; in silver, valued at about 
t<» 6d. ; in gold, at 9s. Cd. 




educe', v. 
edt/c'tion, n. 
induce' y v. 
indu'cer, n. 
induce'menty n. 
inofw'cible, a. 
induct' J V. 
induc'toXj n. 
indue' t\on, n. 
indue' live, a. 
inoTMc'/ively, ad. 
introduce', v. 
introoftt'cer, n. 

introduc'tion, n. 
intro(Z^7^c'/ive, a. 
introduc'ioTy, a. 
irrecfu'cible, a. 
manaduc'tion, n. 
raa.nviduc'tor, n, 
nii%.con' duct, n. 
mis-concfwc^', v. 

\)Xod'uce, n. sedu'cer, n. 

■produ'cer, n. sedu'cihle, a 

■produ'cent, a. sediie'iion, n. 

procf?i'cJble, a. seduc'ti\e, a. 

prooTu'cibleness, 7i. suhduce', v. 

■prod'uct, n. snhduet', v. 

procfwc^ile, a- subcf«c7ion, ?z. 
superinofwce', v. 

procfwc'^ion, n. superincfMc'^ioii; n. 

procfMc'^ive, a. tTuduce', v. 

■produc'tiveness, n. txadu'cer, n. 

reconduct', v. 
reduce', v. 
xe.du'eer, n. 

tra,duce'vnent, n. 
trsidu' cih\e, a. 
traduc'tion, 71. 
traduc'tixe, a. 
unconrfw'cing, a. 
unconcfwc7ed, a. 

redu'cihie, a. 

reof«'cibleness, ii 

reduc'tion, w. 

rediic'tiwe, a. & n. uned'ucated, a. 

reduc' lively, ad. unredu'cihle, a. 

unreaTw'cibleness, n. 
unreduced', a. 
unseduced', a. 
ven'tiduot, n. 

reproduce', a. 
reprodu'cer, n. 
reproduc' tion, n 
seduce', v. 
•produce', v. seduce'nxent, n. 

DucT-f73f, sup. {a duco), to bring or lead. (See Ditco.) 
DvcT-us, p.p. {a duco), led, brought. (See Duco.) 
DuLC-iS;, a. sweet to the taste : as, did'cify, to make 


dul'cinier, n. edul'corate, v. 

dul'cei, a. dul'cGrate, v- edulcora' tion, n 

dul'cify, V' dulcora'tion, n. edul'coratixe, a. 

dulci^ca' iion, n. dul'conr, n- 

Du-0 Qvoi), two : as, du%l, a fight between two ; 
douVle, two-^oXdi ; du'aX, belonging to two, 
concf?<plica'tion, n. douhly, ad. douhlet, n. 

deuce, n. douhling, n. rfowble-de'aling, n. 

cTodec'agon, n. douhleness, n. c^owb'le -minded, a. 
oToj/b'le, a. 8i n. douh'ler, n. o^owb'le-tongued',a. 




du'a}y a. duel', )i. duplic'ity, n. 

duality, n. du'o, n. vedouWlQ, v. 

du'el, n. & V. cf?fodec'inio, it. rc(iM''plicate, v. 

du'ellex, n. difodec'uple, a. rerf'Mplica'tion, n. 

du'elling, n. cf?*'plicate,w. a.&n. rerfzt'plicative, a. 

du'ellist, n. cfwplica'tion, n. sub'rfwple, or 

duel'lo, 71. cr?t'plicature, n. subofzt'plicate, v- 

Du-0 Qv6> for ^vvof), to put on — endue', v. indue', v. 
T>VR-us, a. hard, solid ; lasting : as, du'rate, to grow 

or make hard ; durabiUiiy, a being lasting. 

du'rahle, a. oh'dur&te, a. 

cfw'rably, ad. endu rable, a. oh'diirateVy, ad. 

rf7/rableness, n. endure', v. oh' duratenQ?,%, n. 

durabil'ity, n. endn'rer, n. ohdura'iion, n. 

du'rauce, n. endu' ranee., n. dbduredi', a. 

dura'tion, n. in'dur&te, v- per'^wrable, a. 

dure, V. xxidura'tion, n. pex'durd)a\y, ad. 

dti'ring, oh'dnrAcy, 11. perdura'iion, n. 

du'rity, n. 

Dynasti-j {Ivvoca-Tiioi, h ^vvxfAan, to be ahle^, power 

dy'nasty, n. dyyiam'ics, n. 

Dys Qvi), weakness, difficidty : 
ficulty of digestion, 
anti-d^senter'ic, a. dys'nomy, n. 
dt/s'crasy, n. dys'peipsy, 71. 

dys'eniexy, n. dys'\}\\.ony, n. 

hy^xodynam'ic?,, n. 
aS;, c/j/s'pepsy, a dif- 

dys'pnce'a, n. 
dys'nxy, n. 


Ebri-i7S-_, a. drunk, drunken : as, insobri'etj/-^ a not 
being without drunkenness ; drunke^mess. 

ebri'ety, n. inebri'ety, n. so'ierness, n. 

ebrios'ity, n. *ix\%obri'ety, n. so'bermmdedneiiS,n. 

ine'briate, v. so'ber, a. sobri'ety, n. 

inebria'iion, u. so'berly, ad. 

* Insobriety is compouncied of in, not ; sine, without ; ehvius, drunken; 
and i'j, a being. See pages 2(;, »>, 04, 

P 2 




I'cii-Eo QX'^> ^^ ^X?''i sound), to sound, to sound in 
the ears of any one, to teach orally : as, cat'ec/ase, 
to make sounds in the ears from side to side ; to 
teach orally, or hy question and answer. 
cat'ecMse, V. cat'^cAism, n. cate cJmmen'iQ^X., a. 

cut'echiser, n. ca,techet'\c, a. cch'o, n. & v. 

c&.i'echismg, n. Ccitechet'ical, a. echom'etQi, n. 
cat'ecAist, n. catechei'ica]ly, ad. echonVetry, n. 

catec^i^'/ical, a. cute dm' men, n. le-eck'o, v. 
cdtechis'ticaWy, ad. catechu' in euist, n. 

Ec-£o {oiKiUj ah oiKog, a house, a household,) to dwell: 

as, econora'ic, pertaining to the regulation of a 


antffi'ci, n. dioc'esaix, n. Si. a. 

*churc/i, n. & v. dischurc^', v. 

churc^'-like, a. econ'omy, or 

churcA'man, 71. cecon'omy, 11. 

churcA-mu'sic, n. ecovom'ic, a. 

church, war'densj n. ^conom'ic?.!, a. 

chuTch'-yard, n. economically, ad. 
econ'omise, v. 

dVocese, n. econ'omist, n. 

EdemAj at-os {oi^i^fAd, icTOi, ab 0*^05, a swelling), a 


ede'ma, n. edem'atous, a. 

Kd-es /or JEj)-ES,f. 3. a house; a building: a8,ed'ify, 
to make a house, to build j (to instruct.) 

econom'icSj or 
cecovioxYi'ics, n. 
ecumeii'ical, or 
cecri me n'ic&l, a. 
extra-paro'cAJal, a. 
pai-'isA, n. & a. 
-parishi'onei, n. 
■paw'chial, a. 
perice'ci, ?i. 

ed'ify, V. 
ed'iner, n. 
ed'i^ce, n. 

Ed-o, v. 3. to eat 
eda'cions, a. 
edac'ity, n. 

* Chm-ch is derived from Kv^ic;, the Lord, and 01x0; or cixia,, a house, 
and literally signifies the house of the Lord. 

+ Edile, a Roman magistrate who took care of the temples and hidldivgs 
pf the city. 

edi^cVa\, a. ed'ifying, n & a.'tion, n. ecf'ifyingly, ad. 

ed'i^catory, a. re-ed'ify, v. 
+E'dile, 71. re-er<'ifica'tion, w. 

: as, ed'ihXe, fit to be eaten. 

<?i'ible, a. txe's'ion, n. 

EDR 175 ELA 

Edr-^ {i'^^u),aseat, a base; aside: as^ polyeWroiis, 
having many sides. 

cathe'dral, a. & n. Aodeca'edron, n. polyecfVical, a. 
cath'gcfrated, a. ociae'dron, n. polye'ofron, n. 

chiliae'Jron, n. pentae'cfrous, a. s-ixn'hedrhn, n. 

Eg-jEOj v. 2. to need, to want. 

in'dt^ence, n. in'di^'ency, 11. in'di^ent, a. 

Eges-is (viyyis-tq, ab ^yioof^oti, to lead), a leading, an 
exege'sis, n. exeget'ica}, a. exeget'icaMy, ad. 

Ego, proa. I: ^, e'gotkt, one who is always repeat- 
ing the word ego, /; a talker of himself. 
e'goiize, v.. e'gotist, n. 

e^goht, n. e'gotism, n. egotia'tic, a. 

Egor-^ for AG0R-.4* (^ot,yo^x), a public place ; an 
assembly; and, in its comp'^^-, speech, praise: as, 
pane^^yr'ic/"' the praise of all, a set speech among 
the ancients 'wv praise of any one, (a eulogy oy enco- 
+ai1<?,9i»-y, n. zi\\.egor"icS\., a. *panegi/r'ic, n.&a. 

&\[egor'ically , ad. 
aVlegorize, v. Jcat'^^ory, n. panegyrist, n. 

allegorher, n. caiegor'ic-d\, a. -^anegyr'izt, v. 

allegor'ic, a. catcgor'ica.l\y, ad. ])anegt/r'is, n. 

Ela-o {iXciu or iXavvu), to drive, to draw. 

elas'iic, a. elas'iic&l, a. § elastic'ity, n, 

* A Forum, where the pcoiv'e assembled to hear pnhlir orators, and deli- 
berate on pufe/ic affairs, CSiC./aud where panegyrics (public pruine,) wire 
anciently pronounced. 

t See under Alios (iXXos), page 105, and the Author's " Outlines of 
FInglish Grammar. " 

ij: " Categori/ (in Logic), a name for the predicates or attributes contain- 
ed under any genus, of wliich Aristotle reckons ten, viz. substance, quan- 
tity, qualitf/, relation, acting, svfferiiig, time, place, diuation, hik\ Iiabit.'' 
^Crabb's Dictionary. 

§ That property of bodies of* estoring themselves to their former figure 
afttr any external pressure^— as in Indian-rubber. 

ELE 17^^ EME 

Electr-173/j n.2. amber; a mixed metal: as, elec'^ 
tri^y, to make electric. 

elec'tre, n. elecfric'vdn, n. electrom'eter, n. 

elec'iricy a. *electric'ityy it. elec'trify, v. 

elec'trical, a. elec'trise, v. electri&ca,'twr\, n. 

Eleemosyn-e {lxi,,fA07vyr^, ob iXiog, jJiti/)^, /'%:> alms. 

eleemos'yiiaxy, a. & n. 
EleganSj Yit-is, a. (a lego)., handsome, nice. 

eVegance, n. el'egs,ni\y, ad. ineVega.nce, n. 

el'egancy, n. ine/V^ant, a. inel'effa.ncy, n. 

el'egant, a. inel'egantly, ad. 

VjLEGI-a, f. 1. {Ixiyuu), a mournfid poem. 

el'egy, n. elegi'ast, or elegi'acal, a. 

elegi' ac, a. 8c n. el'eg\st, n. 

Element-(7M, n. 2. the first principle of any thing, 
el'ement, n. elementaVity,n. elementar'ity, n. 

elemen'tal, a. elemeu'taxy, a. ttanselemenfa't'ion^n. 

Elix-i/s, a. boiled, sodden; moistened. 

elix'ate, v. elLva'iion, n. 

Elysi-i/m, n. 2. the abode assigned by the heathen to 

virtuous souls after death. 

elys'ium, n. elys'ian, a. 

EmE-O (Iftza), to vomit. 

emet'ic, a. & n. emet'ica}, a. emet'icaXly, ad. 

* " When certain bodies are rubbed against each other, for instance, amber 
or glass upon woollen cloth, small sparks dart from them, and they acquire 
the property of drawing light objects towards them, which are almost in- 
stantly repelled. All bodies do not possess this property (in the same de- 
gree). If, instead of amber or glass, a metal be employed, little or no 
effect is produced. The substance first discovered to draw light objects to 
itself is amber, theviXixr^ov, electron of the Greeks, and hence the origin of 
the word electricity. Many others have since been found to possess the 
same quality, as glass, jet, sulphur, wax, resin, silk, fur, and uorsfed. 
These are called electrics, because, when rubbed, they excite electriciti/. 
Those, on the contrary, which have not this property, that is, those which 
do not attract light objects when laibbed, are called non-electrics ; they are 
metals, water, and a number of salts and earths. — The most remarkable 
property of electrified bodies, is their first attracting and then repelling 
light objects."— Fj//e5 Chemistry. 

EMO 177 ENS 

Em-o, v. 3. to huy : as^ redeem'er, one who bu2/s back ; 
exempt', bought from, (/ree by privilege) ; -prompt', 
brought or taken forth;, {quick; ready,) 

exempt', v. & a. per'em/^/orinesSj n. redeem', v. 

exempt'ihle, a. \)re-e»i'piion, n. redeem'er, n. 

exem'ption, n. *prompi', a. & v. redeem'ahle, a. 

exempiiti'ous, a. 'promplly, ad. redt-em'ableness, n. 

prom'pter, n. xedem'ption, n. 

"prom'pfuary, n. redem'ptory, a. 

peremptory, a. prom'jo/itude, n. vnexempt', a. 

]peT'emptoYi[y, ad. prowjo^ness, n. unprom'jo^ed, a. 

ISiMFT-us, p.p. (ab emo)j bought, taken. (See Emo. 

Emul-i/s for MiA\5h-vs, a. vying with ; as^ em'uh 

ate, to vie with. 

em'ulate, v. em'iilator, n. em'nlous, a. 

emula'iion, n. em'ulatvess, n. em'ulously, ad. 

em'ulative, a. 

En {iv), one — endec'sigon, n. 

Enigma /or iENiGMA, at-is, n. 3. (ulnyf^u, otrog, ab 
eilvog, a fable, a speech), a riddle or dark saying : 
as, enigmat'ic, belonging to a riddle, (obscure.) 

e7iig'ma, n. enigmat'ic, a. enigmat'ically, ad. 

enig'matist, n. enigmatical, a. enig'matize, v. 

Ennea {Ivrcx), nine — e^ine'agon, n. enneafica], a. 

Enn-is (comP- form of a?inus), a year. {See Annus.) 

Ens-7Sj m. 3. a sword — eti'sihrm, a. 

Ens, ent-«5_, p. pres. {a sum, / am; esse, to be), being: 
as, aVsent, being fi'om or away ; ^res'ent, being 
before or at hand ; en'tiiy, a being or existing ; 
•mm-en'tiiY, a not being or existing. 

ab'^ent, a. ah&eiit'er, n. co-essen'tia\, a. 

ah?,ent', v. ah'iie?ice, n. co-essen'tidiWy, ad. 

absentee', n. co-essent\.a\'iiy, n. 

* Tluj wor I is derived from pi-ontarc, (Ital.) 




ens, n. 
en'tity, u. 

es'aence, n. & w. 
essen'tiaX, a. & n. 
essen'iiaWy, ad. 
essenlial'lty, 71. 
essen'tiate, v. 

misrepres5«^'er, n. prese/uee', ji 
nnarepresenta'tion, preseri'^er, n. 
multipres'e/ic^j 7i- 
non-en'tity, n. 
omnipres'ence, n. 
omnipres'(e7i(', a. 
oninipresen7ia], a. 
pre.s'<?«ce, n. 

presVnc^-chamber, piese^i'/inient, n. 
quint'6'«S£'«c^, 72. 

represe?z^', r. 
repres^7i^''er, ?i. 
represejz^'mentj n. 
repre3ento7ion, ?2. 
represen^'afive, a. & 
wuessen'tiaX, a. [?*. 
unin'tere«/ed, a. 
unin'tercvf^ing, a. 

di^m'texest, n. & v. pres'^;?^, «. & ?^, 
clisiii'ter^5/ed, a. pres'e«dy, o^i. 
disin'tere5;edness,?i.presg;i/', i?. 
disin'ter^5/ing, a. pres^/i^'nient, n. 
in'terest, v. presf/i/'able, a. 

iu'terest, n. pres^/i^a'w^ous, a. 

irrepres^/iVable, a. ■pxe?,enta'lion, n. 
misrepresent', v. T^x&^en' tat'we, a. 

Enter-OiV {IvTioov, ab Ino?, within), bowels, i)destines: 
as, exe^'ferate, to take out the bowels or entrails.\d.y%enter'\c, a. enteroVogy, n. mes'enfery, n. 
dys'eniery, n. exen'terate, v. mesenler'ic, a. 

etiter'ocele, n. eyientera'tion, Ji. 

Entom-ojv {\vTof/.o9, ab Iv, in, et iittvi), to cut), an insect. 
entomoVogy, n. entomoVogi&t, n. eut07no\og'\csA., a. 

Eg, v.irreg. to go. It-us, p.p. gone: as, amb/d'on,"^ 
a ^oing round ; Qx'it, gone out ; sed^Vi'on, a going 
aside, {an insurrection) ; -per'tsh, to go through or 
thoroughly, (to die) ; tran's/ent;, ^oing by, pdssmg, 

adi'it, n. s.wi'hit, n. amhiti'on^, a. 

am'bient, a. *axnhiti'on, n. amb<7J'ously, ad. 

* Those who sought honour or preferment, among the Romans, endea- 
voured to gain the favour of the people by every popular art, viz. by going 
round their houses, (amhiendo, ab am et o,) by shaking hands, by ad- 
dressing and naming them, &c. ? hence ambitio, ambition. From the ex- 
ternal object, a;)i6i<zort came to be applied to the mind; signifying the 
desire of honour or preferment, or something higher than tvhat is at present 
possessed. The 6 in am&ition, and d in sedition, are euphonic letters. 




ambi!^e''ousness, n. init^iato, v. & a. ^ediiVon, n. 

ii«7i«7ion, n. sedi^i'onary, n. 

cxx'cmtj n. & v. iml'iotory^ a. sedeVi'ous, a. 

cir'cui/er, n. sed«7i'oasly, ad. 

intranVient, a. sedid'ousness, 11. 

circu'tVous, a. intran's/^ive, a. tranC(?, or 

circumam'biency,?i.intran'tii/ively, ad. trans^, n. 

circumam''bient, a. o'hit, n. 
circumid'on, 71. ohif'uary, n. 
coiti'on, n. ^cx'ish^ v. 

concom'i^ant, a.&n. per'isAablej a. 
concom'27antly, ad. per'wAableness, 11, 
concom'ifance, n. pertran'sient, a. 

tranced, a. 
tran'sient, a. 
tran'siently, ad. 
tran'sientness, n. 
tran'si^, n. 
transi^i'on, n. 
tran'si^ive, a. 
tran'siiory, a. 
tran'si/orily, ad. 
tran'siforincss, n. 
unambi/i'ous, a. 
unini^'iated, a. 
unper^i^Aable, a. 
unper'i5Aed_, a. 

concom'eVancy, n. post-ol)«7, n. 

concom'iVate, v. y>rti'ente. a. 
coun'ty, n. 

ex'it, n. preterid'on, n. 

exit'iaX, a. pre'/or, n. 

exi^'ious, a. pre'/orsbip, n. 

imper'is^able, a. pre^o'rial, a. 

mit'iBX, a. preio'rian, a. 
init'iaWy, ad. 

Epicur-17s_, m.2. (Itiikov^o?'), a philosopJie7"wJio taught 
that happiness consisted in luxury, sensual indul- 
gence, or gross pleasure. 

ep'icure, n. ep'icurhm, n. ep'icur'ize, v. 

epicure'an, n. & a. 

Ep-os' {iTcoi), a word, a narration. 

ep'ic, a. & n. oitho'epy, n. ortbo'^joist, n. 

epojpee'j n. 

Ept-i7S_, (comP- form (A aptus^, fit. (See Aptics.) 

Eful-je, f. }. /easts — ep^uhry, a. epida'tion, n. 

Yjq.v'Es, it-is, m.3. {ab equus, m. 2. a horse), a horse- 
man, a hnight. 

eques'ti'ian, a. & n. equip', v. 

equer'ry, n. equip'ment, n. quer'ry, n. 

eqm' n<.\\., a, cq'uipag^, n. 




Eciv-usyhr JEqjj-us, a. even, equal ; just, rigid: as, 
e^?/anim'ity, eve/zness or eqiialwQ^^ of mind ; equi^ 
lib'rium, e^2/a/ity of weight; e'qf'inox/" equal day 
and night; equiY'alent, equal in vakie; eq'uitahle, 
what is equal, Just; inad'e^^^ate, not equal to; in- 
iq'uitous, not equal, imjust, {wicked.) 
ad'equsite, a, equidis'tant, a. equiipon'AeTant, a. 

ad'equately, ad. equidis'tantly, ad. equipon'dious, a. 
ad', n. equi£oY'mity, n. eq'uity, n. 

equilat'erai, a. Sen. eq'uitahle, a. 

equililiTate, v. eq'uilab]y, ad. 

^j-^alibra'tion, n. equi\'a[ence, n. 

equiYih'xiwxn, n. equiv'aXency, n. 

€qui\\h'xio\xs, a. eqm\'a\&\\t, a. & n. 

^^-wilib'riously, ad. equi\'a\.eni\y, ad, 

equiVihri^t, n. equiv'ocal, a. 

equiriQce^'&ary, a. equh'ocaWy, ad. 
•\e'quir\o\, n. e^-wiv'ocalness, n. 

equinoc'iia\, a. & n. equi\'ocaie, v. 

equinoc'iiaWy, ad. eqiii\ oca'tion, n. 
equi\' ocaiox, n. 

equipen'dency, n. e'ven, a. & v. 

e'qui'^oise, n, e'venly, ad. 

equi'pollence, n. e'venne?.%, n. 

equiipoVXency, n. 

eyMiipollent, a. 

CO'C' qua\, a. 
co-equa\'ity , n. 
e^qudhle, a. 
e'guably, ad. 
equahil'ity, 7i. 
e'qtial, a.n.&v. 
e'qually, ad. 
e'qualne&s, n. 
e'qualize, v. 
equaliza'tion, n. 
equal'iiy, n. 
equang'ular, a. 
equarvivii'ity , n. 
e^uanlraous, a. 
equa'lion, n. 
*equa'ioT, n, 
equa to'rial, a. 
eqiiiang'ular, a. 
eqtiicrxi'ra], a. 
equidis'tance, n. 

e'ven\ianded, a. 
inad'equaie, a. 
mad'equaiely, nd. 
inad'^^'Macy, n. 

^g'l^ poll 'derate, v 
eqrii^on'dexaiice, n. ine'g'Mal, a 
f gwipoii'derancy, n. 

* " The equator on the earth, or equinoctial in the heavens, is a great 
circle, whose poles are the poles of the world. It divides the globe into 
two oqunl parts, the northern and southern hemispheres. It passes through 
the e.'st and west points of the horizon ; and at the meridian, is raised as 
much above the lioriaon, as is the compliment of the latitude of the place. 
Whenever the sun comes to this circle, it maket eqi/ai days and nights all 
round the globe, because he then rises due east, and sets due west, which 
he doth at no other time of the year." — Harris. 

f " Equinoxes are the precise times in which the sun enters into the first 
point oi Aries and Libra; for then, moving exactly under the equinoctial 
(line), he makes our dai/s and nights equal. This he doth twice a-year, 
about the 21st of March and 23d of September, which therefore are called 
the vernal and autumnal equinores." — Han-is. 




Inegiml'ity, n. une'quahle, a. nne'qualne?,s, n. 

ineq'uitahle, a. une'qual, a. uneq'uifahle, a. 

iniq'uity, n. une'qually, ad. unequiv'ocal, a. 

iniq'iiitous, a. ane'gualahle, a. xxncquiv'oc&Wy, ad. 

nne'qualled, a. 

Erc-eo (com^- form of arceo, v. 2. ab key-icr), to keep 
or ward off,) to drive : as^ ex'ercise_, to drive forth 
or out ; coerce' J to drive together,, {to restrai?i.) 

coerce', v. disevVrcise, v. ex'erciser, n. 
coer'cion, n. exercita'lion, n. 

coer'cihle, a. ex'ercise, n. & v. nnex'ercised, a. 
coer'ciye, a. 

Erem-os Q^Yiuag'), lonely, alone : as^ her'mitage, the 
cell or habitation o? a hermxi or one who lives alone. 

er'emite, or 
her'emite, n. 
her'mit, n. 
her'tnitSLxy, n. 

her'mitess, n. 
eremiCical, or 
heremit'ical, a. 
hermit'ic, a. 

hermit'ical, a. 
er'emitage, or 
hcr'niitage, 11. 

Erg-OxV (J^yoy), a work, an operation : as, en'ergy^ 
a force or power working from within ; chir^o^'^^/ery 
or BU7''gQYj, the art of cuiing by manual operation. 
c\mur'gery, or GnergefxcaWy, ad. mei'&Wurgy, n. 

siirgsry, n. 
c\\\xu}''geou, or 
sicr'geoi), n. 
chirur'^ic, a. 
cliirMr'^ical, a. 
Qu'ergy, n. 
energet'ic, a. 
energet'ical, a. 

energic, a. 
en^r'^ical, a. 
ener'gizs, v. 
ener'gizQT, n. 
George, n. 
geo/yic, p. &.a. 

met'all^^r^ist, ?i. 
metaliwr'^ic, a. 

the'tirgy, n. 
the?«-'^ist, n. 
i\i&ur'gic, a. 
t\izur'gic&\, a. 
Geor'^ium-Sidus,rt.syngr^is7ic, a. 

Err-Oj v. 1. to wander; to mistake: ^•s,,?iberra'tiQn, 
the act of wandering (from the right or known 
way) ; erro' netms,,. wandering, viistakeii. 
aherr', v. 

aherra'lion, n. aher'ring, a. er'rable, a. 

aher'rauce, n. ar'rant, a. ^rVableness^ n, 

siber'rancy, n. arVantly, ad. er'rant, a. 





erro'neousiy, ad. 
crro'neousuess, ?i. 
er'ror, n. . 
inerVable, a. 
inerVably, ad. 
inerVableness, n. 
inerj'abil'ity, n. 

pererra iion, n. 
uner'rabl'-^, a. 
unerVableness, n. 
une-T-Ving, a. 
une^-'riiiglyj ad. 

tfr'rantry, n. erro'neousiy, acf, iner'ringly, at/. 

erra'lwxn, n. 

err a' In, n. pi. 

erral'ic, a. 

errat'ical, a. 

errai'icsMy, ad- 

er'rixxg, a. 

erro'neons, a. 

Erug-0 /or IErvg-o, m-is, f. 3. {ah ess, seris, n. 3. 

brass), brass, copper — ei'u'gmouz, a. 
Esc-^, /. 1. meat, food; a bait for catching. fish. 

es'culent, a. & n. ines'cate, v. inesca^tion, n. 

Eso (is-oi), within, in the inmost place-, 
esoter'ic, a. 

Esse, v. irreg. (« sum, I am), to be. (See Ens.) 
EsTiM-o for JEsTiM.-o, V. 1. to value, to rate, to esteem : 
as, es'timate, to rate, to compute ; mes'timablQj that 
cannot be valued, (be^^ond all price.) 

esteem', v. & n. es'fjj/iableness, n. 

esieem'er, n. es'iimate, v. & a. ines' fimahle, a. 

estee7r/iib\e, a. es'timator, n. ines'timably, ad. 

es'timah\Q, a. esiima'tion, n. 

EsTiv-t/s for JEsTiv-us, a. summer — es'tiv^, a. 
Estu-o for iEsTU-o {ah ssstus, m. 4. heat), to be very 

hot, to rage or boil. 

es'tuaxy, n. estua'tion, n. exesiua'don, n. 

es'tuate, v. 

EsuRi-o, V. 4. {ab edo, v. 3. to eat,) to desire to eat. 
esu'rient, a. esu'rine, a. 

Etc. or &c. (for et, a?idj csetera, the rest,) and so on. 
Etern-i/s for JEter^-us, a. {ab sevum), without 

beginning or e7id. 

co-eter'na.\, a. Eter'n^, a. & n. eter'nity, n. 

co-eter'na\\y, ad. eter'ncMy, ad. eter'niiy, v. 

co-eter'nity, n. eier'nolize, v. eter'nize, v. 

eter'nalist, n. 

ETH 183 EUD 

Ether for :^ther, m. 3. {ot,\H^y the shy, heaven, 
e'ther, n. ethe'redX, a. ethe'reoufi, a. 

Eth-os {Idog^, custom, mannei's : [x?,,eth'\ds,, the science 
of manners or moral diities, 
eih'ics, n. eth'icsX, a. ethoVogy, n. 

eth'ic, a. eth'ic&Wy, ad. etiological, a. 

Ethn-os (I^vos), a people, a nation ; the heathen, 
eih'nics, n. eih'nic, a. ethnog^raphy, n, 

eth'nichm, n. eth'iiiceX, a. e/^nograph'icalj a. 

Etym-on" (Itv^ov from Irv/^oi, true, real), the true 
origin and meaning of a word: as, etymoY ogy, 
the study of the true meaning and origin of words, 
{the derivation or origin of words.) 
el^moVogy, n. etymoYogx^i, n. etymoVoglze, v. 

etymolog'ical, a. etymoYogeXy n. et'ymon, n. 
etymolog'icaWy, ad. 

Eu (g'j), well, good : as, eyan'gehst, one who brings 
good tidings, (the writer of our Saviour's history) ; 
eu'logj, a speaking good, {praise or encomium.) 
euan'gelist, n. eztcharis'tical, a, e?fpep'sy, n. 

^Dan'gelism, n. ettpep'tic, a. 

euangel'ic, a. ejflogy, n. ew'phony, n. 

^uangel'ical, a. e«lo'gium, n. ez^phon'ical, a. 

eyangel'ically, ad. ewlog'ical, a. ^M'phonism, n. 

eyan'gelistary, n. ^Mlog'ically, ad. eu'taxy, n. 
eyan'gelize, v. eu'logize, v. e?^thana'sia, or 

*eti,'chaTht, n. ew'pathy, n. ewthan'asy, n. 

euc\\ax\s>'iic, a. 

Euch-e {i'^x,^), a vow, a prayer. 
euchoVogy, n. euc't\ca\^ a. 

EuDi-os {iv^ioi, ah i'j et A<ojj Jupiter), serene, calm. 
eudiom'eteTj n. 

*, the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, literally, tlie act of 
giving thanks, so called, " because it is an occasion of special and solemn 
thanksgiuhig to God for his goodness in giving up his own Son to the death 
for our salvation— the term Eucharist being derived from a word which 
signifies thanksgiving." — Dr And. Thomson, Sacr. Cat. 

EUR 13^ EXI 

Europe/* /. i . {iCoMTr/i), one of the three great divisions 

of the ancient world. 
*Eu'rope, n. Europe' an, w. & a. 

EuR-c/s (iv^a^), the east wind. 
Eu'rus, n. ewrodydon, n. 

Ev-t73f for lEv-UM, n, 2. {xlai), an age, life, time : 
hngev'ity, length of age or life j coe'ual, of the 
same age. 
coe'valj a. & n. ev'er, adv. 

jE^yerlas'ting, a.&.7i. longeu'ity, n. 
coefa'tiean, n. ^uerlas'tingly, ad. loiige'val, a. 

coeia'iteous, a. ey'erliving, a. prime'yal, a. 

e'vdl, a, prime'yous, a. 

ExAMENj 'va-is, n. 3. {for exagmen,, ah ago), a swarm 
of bees ; a balance: hence a test or trial. 

exam' en, n. escam'iuQr, n. Te~cram'ine, v. 

e.vam'i/iixh\£, a. exam'inate, n. xs.- exambia' tio.n, n. 

examiua'tox^ n. uxiexam'iudhle., a. 

exam'ine, v. examina'don, n. wnexam'intdiy a. 

ExEMPL-i/3f , n. 2. a copg or pattern : as, exem'phry, 
serving for exainple o^x pattern. 

exam'ph, n. exem'plariness, n. sam'plex, n. 

cxem'pluT, n. & a. exem'plify, v. unexam'pled, a. 

exem'pla.xy, a. Sen. exempli^csi'tion,?i. \inexeyn'pliS.ed, a. 
exem'plarily, ad. sam'ple, ii. 

ExiLi-i7j»ij n. 2. banishnent from ones country, 
ex'ile, n. exile', v. & a. exile'nxent, n, 

Ex-is {l^igfrom l-/^oi, to have^, a state of the mind or 
body, a habit : as, cachec'tic, of an ill habit of body. 
anticachec'tic, a. cachectic, a. e^'och, or 

Ciicli'exy, n. cach^cVical, a. ep'ocha, n. 

* Europe is supposed to receive its n<jme from Emopa (ab iv^v;, large, 
and dr-]i, the eye or look, large-ei/ed, viz. having beautiful vye.-), tliedaugh- 
ter of Agenor, king of Phoenicia. She was so beautiful, it is said, that 
Jupiter became enamoureti of her, and carried lier over the sea to tliaj 
u^iurter of tlie globe which now bears her name. 

EXT 1(^3 FAC 

ExTER-t/s, a. {ah e, ex, U, iz,, out,') outside, out- 
ward, foreign : as^, exter'n^l, belonging to the out- 
side, (outward); extrin'&ic, outward ; exot'io,, fo- 
reign, (not produced in our own country; opposite 
to indigenous.) 

estrange', v. e.vtrin'^ic, a. 

estrange'ment, n. extern', a. extrin''i\c?i\, a. 

exot'ic, a. & n. e.vter'nal, a. extri n'sicaWy, ad. 

exot'icsl, a. exter'nally, ad. strange, a. 

exot'ery, n. extra'neous, a. strange'ly, ad. 

exoter'ic, a. extreme', a. & n. strange'ne^s, n- 

exoter'ical, a. ext7-eme'\y, ad. stran'gex, n. 

exte'riox, a. & n. extrem'ity, n. 


Fab-.4_, f. \. a hean — fabdJ cqqw^, a. 

Fabric-Oj v.\. {a faber, m. 2. an artificer, cL facio)^ to 

make qx frame : 2i5,fab'ric2Xe, to frame ^ to build, 

to forge. 

fah'riCdX^i, V. fab'ricatox, n, 

fab'ric, n. & v. fabrica't'ion, n. fab'rxie, a. 

Fabul-^, (« fari, to speak), a feigned story, a fable 
as_, fab'ulhi, one who WYiie^ fables. 

fa'ble, n. & v. fab'ulously, ad. Jib'ber, n. 

fa'bler, n. fab'ulonsness, «. confab'ulate, v. 

fa'bled, a. fabulos'ity, n. coufabula'tion, n. 

fab'uUst, n. fib, n. & v. 
fab'ulous, a. 

¥acet-us, a. wittg, humorous: dJS,,face'tioV(Ay, in a 
loittg or cheerful manner. 

facets', a. face' tiou%\y , ad. 

face'tions, a. /ace'/iousnessj n. 

Facj-es^ f. 5. the make or form of any thing ; the 
face : aSj e^face^ to put the make or form outj 



(to blot out) ; /ashVoiij make on /arm, (custom, mode 

or manner). 

bare/aced'', a. fashVon, n. & u. outface', v. 

bare/acedly, ad. fashi'oniat, n. shame'/«ced, a. 

bare/aced'ness, 71. fashi'oner, n. shame'/acedly, ad. 

\ira.'zt\^face, n. fashi'or\-uiongei,n. shame'/acedness, n. 

bra'zen/aced, a. fashV on-mongQx- SMYterfid'es, n. 

efface', v. ing, a. super^ci'al, a. 

yhcade', n. yas/ti'onable, a. super/?ci'ally, ad. 

face, n. & v. jTa^Ai'onably, ad. super^ci'alness, n. 

/aceless, a. /a^Ai'Dnableness^w. super/tciarity, n. 

fa'cing, n. f^atxao., n. %\xtface, n. 

/ac^-cloth, n. /e'a^ured, a. 

Facil-is_, a. {a facio,) easy : as, Jhc'ultj,'^ the power 

of doing with ease ; diil'Jicult, not easy to be done. 

difficult, a. fac'ilely, ad. facWitate, v. 

fac'ileness, n. facilita'tion, n. 

difficulty, n. facil'ity, n. *fac'ulty, n. 

fac'ile, a. 
Facinus,, oi-is, n. 3. (a facio)^ a wicked deed, wick- 
edness : as, facin'orous,, wicked, atrocious. 

facine'rions, a. facin'orous, a. 

Faci-0, v. 3. to make, to do; to cause, to give: as, 
henefac'toY, one who does good ; male/«c7or, one 
who does evil; manu/«c'^re, the thing made by the 
hand; fact, a thing done, (deed); effect', the thing 
made out ; ef/ec7ive, having the power to produce 
effects ; e^fec'tuaX, belonging to, or productive of, 
effects; ^Qi-'fect, thoroughly done; bene/'xcent, 
<:/oing good; arti^ci'al, made by art, (opposite 
to natural) ; Yiornfic, causing horror ; proli/"'2C,t 
making oy producing yoimg, (fruitful); fi'dX, let 

*■• Faculty, in a university, denotes the mnsteis and professors of the se- 
veral arts and sciences ; because possessed of the power of doing or perform- 
ing their respective science witli Of these there are four ; viz, 1. Arts, 
including Humanity and Philosophy ; 2. Tiieology; 3. Physic; and, 4. Ci- 
vi4 Law. 

t Piolific, is commonly applied to anitnals ; fertile, to the earth j and 
fruitful, to trees. 




it be done, (a decree^ ; cer'ti/T/,* to make sure ; 
ior^'Cify, to make strong ; tes'tij^, to make or hear 
witness j viv'y^, to give life. 

&.^fect', i>. 

a.i'fecfa'tion, n. bene/'icence, n. 
affec'tion, n. bene/'icent, a. 

af/ec/i'ionate, a. bene/'icently, ad. 
af/(?c'^ionately, ad. bene^cj'al, a. 
af/^c'rfonateness, n.bene/^ci'ally, ad. 
af/ec7ioned, a. bene^c'?ary, a. 
sSfec'ted, a. bene/?ci'ence, n. 

af/gc7edly, ad. hen'tfit, n. & v. 
af/<?c'/ednessj n. cal'e/y, v. 

cale/wc'/ion, n. 

cale/ac'^ive, a. 

cale/acVory, a. 

calori/'icj a. 

car'ni/y, -y. 

canji/!ca7ion, n. 

cer'tify, v. 

certi/'ioate, n. 

ceruli/'ic, a. 

clax'ifi/, 11. 

clari/s'ca'/ion, n. 

clas'si/y, V. 

classi/sca'^ion, n. 

co-eCjicacy, n. 

co-ef/z'cJ'ency, n. 

co-ef^ci'ent, a. 

co-ef/jci'ently, ac?. 

collique/ac'/ion, ?i. CiQifica't'wn, n. 
diabol'i^, V. 

con feet, n. 

cowfec't\or\, n. 

confec'tionaxy, n. 

con/(?c7ioner^ n. 

con'fitxxre, n. 

co\m.'tQrfeit, v. a. 

fif/ec't'mgly, ad. 

albi/zca7ion, n. 
am'pli/y, V. 
am'pli/''er, n. 

ampli^ca^ion, 7i 
ax'efi/, V. 
arefac'tion, n. 
ax't\fice, 71. 
axtif'icer, n. 
arti^'ci'al, a. 
arti^ci'ally, ad. 
beat'i/z/, v. 
beati/'ic, a. 
beati/'ical, a. 
beau'ti^i/, v. 
bcne/ac'^ion, n. 
hcnefac'tor, n. 
heuefac' tress, n. 
hen'efice, n. 
ben'e^ced, a. 

coun'ter/ei^ly, ad. 
coun'ter/(?«7er, n. 
cru'cify, V. 
cru'ci/ier, n. 
dam'ni/?/, v. 
damni/'ic, a. 
A^eface', v. 
de/a'cer, n. 
de/ace'ment, n. 
diefeat', n. & v. 
de/e'asible, a. 
de/(?c/', n. 
de/(?c'/ion, n. 
de/ec'^ible, a. 

de/ec'/ive, a. 
de/ec7ively, arf. 
de/(?c7iveness, n. 

de^ci'ence, n. 
de^ci'ency, ?<• 
de/?ci'ent, a. 
dej^c'it, «. 
de'i/y, V. 
de'y^er, n. 
dei/'ical, a. 

dig'ni/2/, V. 
dig'ni/iedj a. 
digni^ca'^iorij «. 
disaf/(?Gf', V. 
disaf/(?c7ed, a. 
disaf/ec7edly, w-^. 
disaf/f-cVedness, u. 

* For the postfix, Fy, see page I17. 




disaf/ec'^ion, n. exem'pli/?/, v. 

disaf/ec7ionate, a. exempli/ca'^ion, n. ioxUfica' tion, n. 

disglo'ri/2/, v. /ac-sim'ile, n. 

disqiial'i/y, v. fact^ n. 

disqualiA"c«'/ion, n. 

dissat'is/^, v. fac'tor, n. 

dissatis/ac'/ion, n. fac'torage, n. 

dissatis/acVory, a. /ac7orship, n. 

dissatis/ac7oriness,/ac7ion, n. 

diver'si/y, v. [w. 

frigori/'ic, o. 
glo'ri/y, V. 
gloriy?c«'/ioii, n. 
gt&i'ifij, V. 
gratij^ca'/ion, n. 

diversij?ca7ion, n. 
dom'ify, v. 
duVcifi/, V. 
dulci/?ca'/ion, n. 
ed'i/y, V. 
ed'ifier, n. 
ed'ify'mg, a. 
ed'i/iyingly, ad. 

Qdifica'tian, n. 
cd\f'icatory, a. 
ed'ijice, n. 
edijici'al, a. 
effect', n. & t\ 
effec'iihle, a. 
effec'i'ive, o. 
ef/<?c'^ively, ad- 
effectless, a. 
effecUoT, n. 
ef/ec7ual, a. 
ef/ec'/ually, ad. 
effec'tuate, v. 
efficacy, n. 
effica'cious, a. 
effica'cionslj, ad. 
effici' ence, n. 
effici'ency, n. 
effici'ent, n. &, a. 
ef/?ci'ently, ad. 
elec'ixify, w. 
electri/?ca7ion, n. 

fac't\on\st, n. 
fac'tious, a. 
fac'doiisly, ad. 
fac'tionsness, n. 
faciitVous, a. 
fac'tory, n. 
/rtc'to'tum, n. 
fac'tnre, n. 
faVsify, v. 
fal'si^er, n. 
fal'si^able, a. 
falslfica'jfion, n. 

fe'asihle, a. 
fe'asihleness, n 
feasihWity , n. 
feat, 11 

fe'ateo\x%., a. 

febri/'ic, a. 
fecMu'dify, v. 
fi'at, n. 

forfeit, n. a- & v, 
foxf eitQx, n- 
fox'feitahle, a- 
for'/^i^ure, w. 
for'ti/y, V. 
for'ti/?er, n. 

horri/'ic, a. 

xm^exfect, a-' 
ixn-per' fectly, ad. 
imper/gc'/ion, n. 

i\affecta'tion, n. 
naffec'tedly, ad. 
narti^'ci'al, a. 
narti^ci'ally, ad. 
iide/ec'/ible, a. 
nde/i?c^ibil'ity, n. 
udef^'asihle, a- 

ndefec'live, a- 
ndefici'ency, n- 
ndefici'ent, a. 
neffec'tvie, a- 
neffec'tual, a. 
neffec'tuaUy, ad. 
neffec'tualness, n. 
nefficacy, n. 
neffica'cions, a. 
nef/j Cheney, n. 
ueffici'ent, a. 
neffici'exxtly, ad. 
xife'asihle, a. 
nfect', V. 
nfec'tioxif n- 
nfecUio\xs, a. 




in/ec'^iously, ad. 
in/^c7iousness, w. 
infec'tive, a. 
inofjici'ous, a. 
insigni/'jcance, n. 
insigni/'icancy, 7U 
insigni/'jijant, a. 

insufJicVency, n. 
insufjici'em, a. 
insuf^ci'ently, ad. 
lan'i/icey n. 
lapidi/'ic, a. 
len'i/i/, V. 

lique/ac'/ion, n. 
liq'u enable, a. 
luL)ri/ac7ion, n. 
hxA'ifica'tiou, n. 
raag'mfy, v. 
mag'nyfer, n. 
magni/'nc, a. 

magni/'icence, n. 
iiiagni/'icent, a. 
magni/'icently, ad. 
niale/ac7or, n. 
male/ac';ion, n. 
Hiale/'icent, a. ' 
manu/ac'^urer, n. 
manvi/acVory, n. 
melli/zca^ion, n. 
mod'i/^, V. 
mod'i/?er, n. 
mod'i/cable, a. 

mol'li7?rtbIe, a. 
raoWxfica't'ion, n. 
mor'ti/y, V. 
mortijica'tioia, n. 
mun'di/y, v. 
munAiJica'tion, n. 
mundi/'iea/ive, a. 
n^iuni/'icencCj n. 
munificent, a. 
muni/'icently, ad. 
nitri/(Va7ion, 7i. 
no tifi/, V. 
notijica'iion, n. 
nul'li/>, V. 
nutrij^'ca'rion, n. 

oi'fice, n. 
of 'Jicer, n. 
of'Jicered, a. 
ofjici'al, a. & n. 
ofjici'ally, ad. 
ofjici'alty, n. 
offic'iate, v. 
ofjici'ous, a. 
of^ci'ously, ad. 
of/ici'ousness, t-. 
difact', V. 
ol/ac'tory, a. 
omnif 'ic, a. 
OT^iJice, n. 
.os'sifi/, V. 
ossi/ica'tion, n. 
ossi/'ic. a. 

ont'Jiin w 

modi^a'^ion, n. 
mollift/, V. 
mol'li/ier, n. 

over-of^ci'ous, a. 
pac'i/^, V. 
pac'i;?er, n. 
paci/'ic, a. 
paci^ca'^ion, n. 

paciJica'toT, n. 
per'/ect, a. & v. 
per'fectly, ad. 
-per'fectness, 7i. 
pe.r'fecter, n. 
perfec'i'ion, n. 

"perfec'tive, a. 
per/ec' lively, ad. 
person'i/y, v. 
personi^ca^ion, ?». 
pet'ri/y, v. 
petri/'ic, a. 
petri^ca'don, n. 
petri/ac'/ion, 7i. 
petvifac'tive, a. 
plu -per' feet, a. 
pre'fect, n. 
pxef'ectwxe, n. 
preter-per'/ec/, a. 
pon'ti^, n. 
ponti/'ic, a. 
ponti/'ical, a. & n. 
ponti/'ically, ad. 
ponti/'icate, n. 
pon'tijice, n. 
ponti^ci'al, a. 
ponty?ci'anj 7x. & a. 

pxofici'ence, 7i. 
prqfici'ency, n. 
projiei'ent, n. 
profit, 71. 8l V 
profifahle, a. 
profitably, ad. 
pro/'i Nobleness, n. 
profitless, a. 
prolific, a. 
proli/'ically; ad. 




pvoli^fa'/ion, n. 
pu'ri/y, V. 
pu'ri^er, n. 
puri/?ca7ion, n. 
puri/'ica/ive, a. 
•gxxnf'icatory, a. 
ram'i/y, v. 
rami^ca'ricn, n. 
rar'e/y, v. 
rar'e/^able, a. 
xaxcjica't'xou, n. 
rat'j/y, V. 
rat'ijier, n. 
rati/^ca'/ion, n. 
xec'tify, V. 
rec'tij?able, a. 
xectijica'iion, n. 
xe-QA.'\fy, V. 

xefec'tion, n. 
xefec'tory, n. 
xefit', V. 
repac'i/y, v. 
xevWify, V. 
revivi/'icate, v. 
revivi/fcaVion, n. 
sac'ri/?c^, v. & n. 
sac'ri/cer, n. 
sacri^ci'al, a. 
s&cx'if'ic, a. 

sacri/'ica^ory, a. 
sanc'ti/^, v. 
sanc'ti;?er, n. 
sancti^ca'^ion, n 
sapori/'ic, a. 
sat'is/j/, V. 
satis/ac'/ion, n. 

satia/acVorv, a. 

satis/«c7orily, ad. 
satis/ac7oriness, n. 
scar'i/y, «. 
scar'i/fer, n. 
scari^ca'^ion, rt. 
scary?ca7or, n, 
scienti/'ic, a- 

scienti/'ically, arf. 
semini/'ic, a. 
seinini/'ical, a. 
seminij^ca'^ion, n. 
sicci/'ic, a. 

signi/'icance, n. 
signi/'icancy, 7i. 
signi/'jcant, a. 
signi/'i candy, ad, 
signi;?ca'^ion, n. 
signi/'ica^ive, a. 
signif'icdioxy, a. 
sim'pli/z/, V. 
somni/'ic, a. 
sonori/'ic, a. 
sopori/'ic, a. 
spec'i/y, tj. 
speci/'ic, n. & o. 
speci/'ical, a. 
speci/'ically, ad. 
speci/'icate, w. 
specij^ca'/ion, n- 
stra'ti/^, i>. 
sturti/^, V. 
stu'pi/y, V. 
stu'pi^er, w. 
stupi/ac'rion, n. 
stupi/ac7ive, a. 
subdiver'si/y, v. 
sudori/'iCj a. & 7i. 
sufjice'. V. 
suf^ci'ency, w. 

suf/?ci''ent, a. 
suf/zci'ently, aii. 
sur'/(?i7, r. & n. 
sur'/ei/er, ». 
sur'/ei/water, ». 
tepe/ac-Vion, n. 
terres'tri/y, v. 
ter'ri/^, v. 
texxif'ic, a. 
tes'ti/y, V. 
tes'ti/?er, rt. 
testi/?ca'^ionj ??. 
testi;?ca'^or, n. 
thuri^ca'/ion, 7i. 
tox'xefy, V. 
torre/ac'riorij n. 
tu'mefy, v. 
tume/ac7ion, ii. 

typV?/, V. 
unaffec'ted, a. 
vinaf fee' ting, a. 
unaf/ec7ionate, a. 
unclar'i^ed, a. 
uncoun'ter/ei^, a. 
unde/aced', a. 
undefe'asihle, a. 
under/ac'/ion, 7i. 
underof ^cer, n. 
uned'i/ying, a- 
unef/(?c7ual, a. 
unexem'pliyzed, a. 
unfe'asible, a. 
unfor'ti/?ed, a. 
unglo'ri/?ed, a. 
unin/ec^ed, a. 
unjus'ti^able, a. 
unjus'ti^ably, ad. 
unliq'ui^ed, a. 
uninor'ti/?ed, a. 

FAC 191 FAL 

unper'/fc/ly, ad. unsaiic'ti^ed, a. ver'si/^, v. 

unper'/(7c^ness, n, unsatis/acVory, a. ver'si/?er, n. 

unper'/t'c^sd, a. unsatis/ac7oriness, versi/^ca^ion, n. 

unpet'ri^ed, a. unsat'is/ised, a. 

unpro/'e7able, a. unsa.f'is^edness, n- vil'i/^, u. 

unpro/'i^obly, ad. unsat'ls/^ing, a. vit'ii/y^, v- 

unpro/'i^edj a. unsuf^ci'eni, a. vitri/jca'^ion, n. 

unproli/'ic, a. vitri/'tcable, a. 

unpu'ri/?ed, a. viv'i/y, v. 

unpu'tri/Jed, a. vivi/'icate, u. 

unqual'iy?/, t». \ex'\fy, v. vivi/'ic, a. 

unqual'i^'ed, a. veri^fa'^ion, w. vWiJica'tion, n. 

Faqt-vm, sup. (rt facio)^ to make, to do. (See Facia.) 
¥ ACT-US, p.p. (rt facio)., made, done. (See Facio.) 
Facund-17S, a. eloquent — -fac'und, a. facun'diiy, n. 

F^x, f8ec-^5^ /. 3. dregs or lees, sediment : 2.^, fee' id- 
ent, dreg' gy, fold. 

de/'(?cate, x,^ fe'ces, n. fec'ulence, n. 

Aofeca'tion, n. fce'cal, or Jec'uhncy, n. 

fce'ces, or fe'eal, a. fec'ulentj a. 

FALCAT-us,p.p. (« falx^ falcis^ /. 3. a sc2/the or sickle) , 
hent like scythes : as, defal'csite, to cut or lop off. 

defa/'cate, v. fal'catQd, a. *fal'con, n. 

defa/ca'^ion, n. falca'tlon, n. fal'coner, n. 

falcadt', n. *fal'chion, n. /a/'conry, n. 

Fall-0;, v. 3. to slip or slide, to deceive, to mistake : 
as, mfal'lihlQ, that canrot be deceived, (exempt 
from error) ; fal'sify, to make/a/se. 

fal'lible, a. falla,'cio\is, a. false, a. 

' falh'cioMsly, ad. false'ly, ad. 

fallihiVity, n. /a//a'ciousness, n. false'ness, n. 

fal'lacy. n. false-\\esit'itd, a. 

* Falchion, a short crooked sword, a cymeter : Falcon, a hawk with a 
fiilcaUd or o-ooked bill trained for sport; also a sort of carmou. 

FAL 192 FAN 

false'hood., n. fal'sifiahle, a. mfal'lihly, ad. 

falsify, V. fal'siRcator, n. in/a/7ibleness, n. 

fal'siRer, «. /a/A-jfica'tion, n. infallihiVity, n. 

fal'sity, n. in/a/7ible, a. lefel, v. 

Fals-uSj p. p. (a fallo), fallen, deceived. (See Fallo.) 
Fam-.^,* / 1. (a fari, to speak), a thing spoken of; 

fame, renown, reputation : as, fam'ous, spoken of, 


defame', v. Xamed', a. 

defa'mer, n. /amcless, a. 'm'famy, n. 

de/a'/ning, n. fa/mous, a. in'famous, a. 

defama'iion, n. fa'moiisly, ad. inyamouslyj ad, 

de/am'atory, a. inyawousness, n. 

*fame, n. 

Faii-es, f.3. hunger, scarcity of food : as,/«w'irie, 
want or scarcity of food. 

/oTO'ish, V. fam'me, n. 

/awj'ishment, n. 

F AMiLi- A, f. \. a family : as, famiViar, relating to 
a family — intimate as members oi a family, 
familidr'ity, n. •ffam'ilhm, ti. 
famiVi&r, a. & n. famWiarize, v. fam'ilhi, n. 
famil'i-axly, ad. fam'iXy, n. unfamil'iar, a. 

FaNTASI-v4 for PhanTAST-^ (jPxvTX^ioi, a (paivof, to 

appear), a vivid image in the mind or brought 
before the mind, imagination, or inclination : as, 

fantas'tiQ,, pertaining to the fancy, imaginQx^\ 
(See Phano.) 

fan'cy, n. & v. fan'ciM, a. fan'cifully, ad. 

* Fame, a thinf( spoken of, report, celebrit,'/, a good tiame ; " a heathen 
eodJes'!, celebrated chiefly by the poets. She is feigned to have been the 
I ist of the race of Titans produced by the earth, to have her jialace in the 
air, and to have a vast number of eyes, ears, and tongues. She is men- 
tioned by l-iesiod, and particularly described by Ovid and Virgil." — Enci/cl. 

t " Familism, the tenets of a deluded sect called the Family of Love, 
by their artful founder, H. Nicholas, a Westphalian, who introduced his 
doctrine hito England, m the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and occasioned no 
small confusion, as the history of that reign shbws."— Johnson, Diet, by 

FAN 193 FAR 

/an'cifulness, n. fan'lasm, n. fantas't[ca.\, a. 

fan' cy -monger y n. fantas'tlc, a. Sen. fantas' ticaXlyj ad. 
fan'tasi/, n. fantas'ticly, ad. 

pAN-t/M, n. 2. a temple : as,/a7i'atic,^ one mad with 
wild and extravagant notions of relic/ion ; ]}Yqfane\ 
before or on the outside of the teinple — not prac- 
tising the duties oi religion, (nnkoly, not sacred.) 

'axiti-fan'atic, a. fanai'icism, n. pro/ane'ness, n. 

*fan'atic, a. & n. *fane, n. prq/«»'ity, n. 

fanai'ical, a. *profa7ie', a. & v. ■p^ofana't'wn, n. 

fanat'icaUy, ad. prq/a'wer, n. uniprofaned', a. 

fanat'icaluess, n. •pxofanely, ad. 
Ya-ri, speak : as, inef y«hle, that cannot be 
spoken out ; mfan'tiGAiSiy the kilhng or murder ot 
an \Tifant or one who cannot yet speak. 

sS'fdble, a. inef/ableness, n. infan'ta^^ n. 

affably, ad. 

afyablenessj n. iu'fant, n. & a. ne/an'dons, a. 

af/abirity, n. in'fancy, n. ne/aVious, a. 

infan' ticidie, n. ne/iatViously, n. 

inafybible, a. In'fantile, a. pre/'ac^, n. & v. 

inaf/bbil'lty, n. va'fantiriQ, a. ^txef'acer, n. 

Inef'/able, a. in^anZ-like, a. ipvef'atovy, a. 

inef/ably, ad. iu'fantly, a. 

Farin-^j /. 1. (a far, n.3.co7'n), meal qx flour : as 
farrdlgo, a medley or mixture of different grain, 
((2 medley, or any mixture.) 
comfarrea' t\ox\y n. farra'gOy n. farrea'/ion, n. 

diffarrea'tion, n. J'arrag'iiious, a. •f-fariJia,' ceoua, a. 

* Fanatics, those who passed their time in temples (fana) , and being often 
seized with a kind of enthusiasm, as if inspired by the Divinity, showed 
wild and antic gestures ; such as cutting and slashing their arms with knives, 
shaking their heads, &c. The yn-ofane, those who were not initiated into 
the mysteries of religion, and therefore made to stand before or on the out- 
side of the temple- 

t " The properest food of the vegetable kingdom for mankind, is taken 
from "CsxG farinuceoasi or mealy seeds of some cuhTiiferous plants ; as oats, 
barley, wheat, rice, rye, maze, «nd millet." —Ajbut'iaiot oti Ahmvnt. 

FAS 194 FAT 

Fasc-eSj m. 3. bundles of birchen rods, anciently car- 
ried before the Consuls, as a mark of their authority. 
fas'ces, n. fascic'ular, a. 

Fascj-a, f. 1. a bandage ox fillet, 
fasc'ia, n. fascia'lion, n. Jasc'icle, n. 

Jasc'ialed, a. 

FASciN-[7iif, n. 2. enchantment or charm : o.^jfas'ti- 
?2ate, to bewitch, to enchant. 

ef/as'cinate, v. fas'cinate, v. fas'cinatmgj a. 

effascina' don, n. fascina'tion, n. fas'c'maiingly, ad. 

Pastidi-C7m_, n. 2. (^ fastus, m. 4. haughtiness), dis- 
dain, disgust : as^ fastid' ioxiSj disdainful, 
fastid'ious, a. fastid'iousness, n. fas'tuous, a, 

/astld'iously, ad. 

Fatig-O;, v. 1. to tire or weary: as, fatigue^ to tire 
or weary (with labour.) 

de/a^'j^able, a. fat'igaie, v. indefeU'lffobly, ad. 

faifigahXe, a. 

inde/a^'z^able, a. unfatiguedi', a. 
fatigue', n. & v. 

Fat-17M_,* n. 2. {a fari, to speak), fate, destiny ; de- 
struction: as J /tj'tal, belonging la fate, causing de- 

*fate, n. fa'tal\%xa, n. fatedi', a. 

fa'ial, a. fa'talht, n. fatid'ical, a. 

fa'idAy, ad. faial'ity, n. fat'd'exoxxi, a. 

fa'ialness, n. 

Fatu-1/Sj a. foolish, silly : as, mfat'miQ, to make 
foolish, (to strike W\\h. folly.) 
fat'iious, a. infat'iiate^ v. i^nis-f atuus, n. 

Jatu'ity, n. infatua'tion, n. 

* Fate, literally, the word or decree spoken by God ; a fired sentence by 
which the Deity has unalterably and irrevocably determined tha order of 
events ; a series of causes ; the course of nature. Fates or Dtstinies of the 
ancients, the three fatal sisters, Clotho, IjOcJ.esis, Atiopos, were infernal 
deities, supposed to determine the life of men by spinning : Clotho held 
the distaff, Lachesis spun, and Atropos cut the thread. 

FAtJ 195 FED 

I^AUN-us,* m. 2. a rural deity — faun,'^ n./aun'isi, n. 
Fay-eo,v. 2. tofavour,tobefriend: as^ un/^'2?owrable 
not inclined to favour — not kind. 

dxsfa'vour, n. & v.fa'vouredi, a. 

dis/a'voMrer, 7i. fau'tre&s, n. 

fa'vour, V. & 7i. fa^vourless, a. unfa'vourahle, n. 

fa'vourer, n. fa'vouroMie, a. un/a'vowrably, ad. 

fa^vourke, n. fa'vourably, ad. uii/a'vowrableness, 

fa'vouritism, n. /a'rowrablenesSj n. n. 

Favill-Jj/ 1. ashes or cinders — favil'lous, a. 
Febr-is, f. 3. (a ferveOj to boil or rage), a fever : as, 
fe'b7'ile, relating to a fever. 

anti/e'6rile, a. febrif 'ic, a. 

enfe'ver, v. fe'ver, n. & v. fe'veri%\v, a. 

feb'rifuge, n. /e'Derishness, n. 

fe'br'ile, a. fe'verj, a. 

Febru-0, v. 1. to purfy by sacrifice — \ Feb'rudLxy , 7i. 

Fect-uSj p. p. (a facio), made 3 done. (See Facio.) 

FECUND-i/sybrFcECUND-r/s, a.fruitfid: Qs,,fecun'd'u 

tj, the state or power (ii producing or bringing forth. 

fec'und, a. fecunda't'xow, n. infec'und, a. 

fecun'dity, n. infecun'dity, n. 

FEDUSjj'^orFcEDUS, er-/5, n. 3. a covenant or league: 
aSjfed'eral, relating to a covenant or contract. 

corifed'erate, v. a. confed'eracy, n. fed'erate, a. 

& n. fed'erative, a. 

confed'erat'mg, a. federa' (ion, n. 
confederation, n. fed'eraX, a. 

* Servius says, Faunua, the son of PIcus, was the first who buiJt a tem- 
ple in Italy ; hence called Fanum. Fauns, rural deities, having homsun 
their heads, with pointed ears and tails. 

t February, anciently the last, now the second month of the year; sa 
named, because then the peopie were i>urifitd by an mpiatory scc>tjii:e, 
from the sins of the whole year ; or from Februa. an ej^lthet given to Jxmo, 
as Ihe goddess of purification. 

TEL 196 FEN 

Pel, M\-is, n. 3. ^all — -felli^liibuSj a. 

Fel-es, m &/. 3. a cat—^e'l'me, a. 

Felix, ic-is, a. happy : az, /elic'ttate, to make happy, 

felic'itate, v. & a. felic'ity, n. infelic'iiy, n. 

feliciia'tion, n. felic'itous, a. infelic'itou.s, a. 

Felon, m. (Fr^) one who has committed a capital criTJie : 
as, fel'on^i a capital crime or offence, 

feVon, n. & a. felo'nions, a. Jelo'nionsly, ad. 

fel'ofiy, n. 

Femin-^, f.\. a woman, the female or she in all ani- 
mals: ^%,fem'inmQ, belonging to the she or female. 

effcm'ifiate, a. v. 

effem'inacy, n. fem'inine, a. & n. 
effem'ina,tely, ad. fe'male, n. & a. 
effem'i nviteness, n. femal'ity, n. 

Femur, oY-is, n. 3. the thigh — fem'oroXj a. 

Fend-o, v. 3. to keep off, to strike : as, defend', to 
keep off] to preserve : of end', to strike against. 

diefend\ v. fenfcih\Qy a, oXfen'dex, n. 

defen'der, n. offen'dress, n. 

defen'dahle, a. fen'cing, n, offence'^ n, 

dejen'da,nt, a. & n./en'cing-master, n. 

defence', n. fen'cmg-%c\ioo\,n- of/enceless, a. 

dsfe7ice1ess, a. fend, v. offen'sive, a. 

defen'sat[\e, n. fen'dtr, n. of/^n'iively, ad. 

dtfen' sx\As., a. inde/en'^ible, a. of/en'siveness, n. 

d^fen'sise, a. & n. inde/e«'*ive, a. xnwd&fen'd^d, a, 

defen'sively, ad. inoffen'sive, a. unfsnced', a. 

fence', n. & v. iiiof/e/i'^ively, ad. unof/^»'rfed, a. 

fen'cer, n. inof/'e/i'siveness, n. \3Svoifen's\\&, a. 

/enceless, a. oifend', v. unof/femi'ing, a. 

Fenestr-^,/. 1. a window— fenes'troi, a, 

Fens-i7S, p. p. {a fendo), kept off, struck. (See Fendo.) 

J^EO 197 ^i^^ 

ii'EOF for Fief, m. (Fr.) a fee, tenure : as, feoff' , to 
put in possession, to invest with right. 
^r\feoff', V. feoffee', n. feoff'ment, n. 

enfeoff 'mewt, n. feof'fer, n. fief, n. 

feoff', V. Sin. 

Fer-a,/. 1. a wild beast: as, /eVine, belonging to 
wild beasts, (wild, savage.) 
fe'rine, a. fero'cionsly, ad. ferce, a. 

yenne'ness, n. fei-o'ciousness, 7i. f.erce'Xy, ad. 

fer'iiy, n. feroc'iiy, n. ferce'ueas, n> 

fero'cious, a. 

Feral-is, a. deadly/, mournful— fe'voS., a. 

Feri-o, v. 4. to strike : as, mierfere', to strike between 
or oppose each other, (to interpose or intermeddle.) 
intevfere', v. inter/eVence, n. inter/e'ring, n. & a. 

Ferment-utii, ?i. 2. (a ferveo), leaven, barm, or ?/est; 
intestiiie motion : as, ferment', to put or have the 
parts put into intestine motion, 
ferment', v. fermenl'ahle, a. xefermenl', v. 

fer'ment, n. *fermenta'tioi\, n. unfermcnt'cA., a, 

fermen'tatxye, a. 

Fer-0, v. 3. to carry, bear, or suffer, to bring : as, 
circumyerence, (the hne) carrymg round ; suP/er, 
to bear under ; soniferous, giving or bringing 
sound j infer', to bring on, (to draw from) ; fer'- 
rile, fit to bear, or proper for bearing, (fruitful.) 

alif'erous, a. hif'erous, a. 

anati/'erous, a. circum'/(?rence, n. confer', v. 

astri/'erous, a. circnmfeTe7i'tia\,a. coiVference, n. 

* " Fei-mentatum, a slow motion of the inte.ttine particles of a mixt 
body, arising usually from the operation of some active acid matter, which 
rarifies, exalts, and subtilizes the soft and sulphureous particles : as when 
leaven or yest rarifies, lightens, and ferments bread or wort. And this 
motion differs much from that usually called ehrtllition or effervescenc, 
which is a violent boiling and struggling between an acid and an alkali, 
when mixed together." — Harris. 

R 2 




confer'rer, n. 
confer'rmg, n. 
coni/'erous, a. 
corymb i/^^rous, a. 
cruci/'erous, a. 
culmi/'erous, a. 
Citfer', V. 
de/erVer, n. 
de/Wence, n. 
dif'/er, v. 
dif/(?ring , 
difference, n. 
Axi'f event, a. 
dif'/erently, ad. 
dif/(?ren'tial, a. 
dolori/Vrous, a. 
dorsi/'erous, a. 

/era'cious, a. 
fer'ry, v. & n. 
/<?rVy-boat, n. 
fer'riage, n. 
fer'ryman, n. 
fer'ti\^y a. 

y^r'^ileness, n. 
fertiVky, n. 
fer'tilizQ, v. 
fati/'erous, a. 
flammi/'erouSj a. 
flori/'erous, a. 
frondi/'erous, a. 
gemmi/'gj-ous, a. 
mA\S'fer encQs n. 

indif'/e>*ent, a. 
indif'/erently, ad. 
infer', v. 
iWfera\Ae, a. 

inyerence, n. 

\r\fer't\\e, a. 
infertirity, n. 
in suf '/arable, a. 
insuf'/erably, ad. 
lacti/Vrous, a. 
lethi/'erousj a. 
Lu'ci/(?r, n. 
luci/(?'rian, a. 
luci/'^rous, a. 

mammi/'erous, a. 
melli/'erous, a. 
metalli/'erous, a. 
misin/gr', v. 
morti/'erous, a. 

nubi/'^rous, a. 
iiuci/'groiis, a. 
oVfer, V. & ». 
of'/(?rer, «. 
of'/(?rable, a. 
of'/ering, «. 

omni/'erous, a. 
palmi/''erous, a. 
pesti/'erous, a. 
pomi/'erouSj «. 
■prefer', v. 
pre/'erable, a. 
pre/'erably, ad. 
pre/'erableness, n. 
■preference, n. 
pre/er'mentj n. 
■prefer'rer, n. 
prof'/er, V. & n. 

prof'/erer, n. 
raceuii/'erous, dt 
refer', v. 
referable, a. 
referee', n. 
reference, n. 
refer en' dioxy, n. 

refer'riWe, a. 
rori/'crous, a. 
saluti/'erous, a. 
somni/'erous, a* 
soni/'erous, di 
sopori/'erous, a. 
stelli/'erouSj a. 
suf '/<rr, V. 
suf'/erer, n. 
suf'/erable, rt. 
suf'/erably, ac?. 
suf'/erance, 7i. 
suf'/ering, w. & a. 
suf y<?ringly, arf. 
thuri/'erous, a. 
trans/(?r', v. 
trans '/(?r, w. 
traus'/erable, a. 
trans/erVer, a. 
umbelli/'erous, a. 
un/er7ile, a. 
unindif'/erent, a. 
unof'/ered, a. 
unpre/(?rred', a. 

untrans'/erable, a. 
voci/'erate, v. 
wocifera'tion, n. 
voci/'erous; a. 

' F'ER 199 FES 

^ERR..UM, n. 2. irofi : as^ /erru'ginoiis, partaking of 
the particles and qualities of iron, 
fer'rier, or far'riery, n. /errugin'eous, a. 

far'riQx, n. fer'reous, a» fer'rule, n. 

fer'ri&xyy or yerru'ginous, a. 

Ferula,* f.l.a plant, called giant-fennel ; a rod 
used for correcting hoys at school. 
*fer'ulay n. /erw/a'ceous, a. fer'ule, n. & v. 

Ferve-0, v. 2. to boil J to rage, to grow hot : as, ef/er- 
ues'cence, a growing hot or boiling out. 
effervesce', v. fer'vency, n. fer'vi^, a. 

ef/<?rues'cence, n. fer'vent, a. fer'vidness, n, 

fer'vour, n. fer'venily, ad. fervid'ity, n. 

FESS-I73f (comP'formof jPas5?<;m, sup. oiFateor, dep. 2. 
to cotifess), to declare, to own or acknowledge : as, 
con/ess', to acknowledge (a crime), or own (a fail- 
ure) ; Y^ofess' , to declare forth or openly. 
confess', v. con/e^^i'onistj n. TprofessVonal, a. 

confes'sed, a. confesf, a. pro/ess i'onally, ad. 

confes'soT, n. confest'ly, ad. ^rofes'sor, n. 

confes'sedly, ad. con'Jitent, n. ^rofesso'risX, a. 

cor\fessi'oTi, n. ■profess', v. pro/(?*'5orship, n. 

con/essi'onal, n. pro/^s'sedly, ad. pxofes'sory, a. 
coiifessi'anQxy,n&La.pxofess\'on, n. 

Y ESS-US (comP- fonii o? Fassiis, p.p.), owned. (See 

Festuc-^, /. 1. a straw — fes'tucinQ, a. festu'cous, a. 
Fest-um, n. 2. a feast, a festival: a.s,fes^tal, belong- 
ing to feasts. 

feast, n. & v. fes'taX, a. festiv'ity, n. 

feas'ter^ n. fes'tivaX, a. & «. infes'tive, a. 

feast'fvX, a. fes'tive, a. infesiiv'ity, n. 

feas'iing, n. 

* " Ferula, an instrument of correction with which young scholars are 
beaten on the hand : so named, because anciently the stalks of fennel were 
used for this purpose."— Ju/ihso?j's DUt. by Todd. 

VEt 200 FID 

t^ET-o for FcET-o, V. 2. to stink: aSj/^^'id, stinking, 
fet!\A, a. /(?/'idiiess, n. fe'tox, n. 

Fkt-lvs or F(ET-us, m. 4. a child or animal tjet in 

the womh. 

fe'tns, or super/e'^ate, v. effete', a. 

fce'ius, n. super/e^a^ion, n. 

FEUD-r/M, n. 2. « /^e or feudal tenure : as^ feu'd^ 
belonging \,q fees, feus, or tenures, 

feod^ or y^ocTal'ity, or feu'datsiry, n. 

fetid, n. feudality, n. feo'datoxy, or 

feo'daX, or feo'daxy, or feu'datory, a. 

feu'did, a. feii'dary, n. feu'dist, n. 

feu'daM?>m, n. feo'dataxy, or infeuda' tioYi, n. 

ViBn-A, f. 1. a thread or fibre: as^, fi'hrow^, full ot 

fibres or threads. 

fi'bre, n. Ji'broiis, a. fibril'loM'?', a. 

fi'brW, n. 

FicAT-us, p.p. (comP- form of Factus), done, made. 

(See Facio.) 
Fici-ES (comP" form of fades), the make or form of 

any thing, the face. (See Fades.) 
Fici-o (comP- form of facio), to do, to make. (SeeFacio. ) 
FiCTi-o^ /. 3. (a fingo), a feigning. (See Fingo.) 
FiD-ES,f. 5. faith, credit, trust: as, confide', to trust 

togethor or in, {to ti'ust); dif'^</ent, not trusting; 

infidel, one who does not believe or credit, (an 

unbeliever) ; ^erfidj, faith gone through, (want 

or breach of faith.) 

affi'ance, n. Sc v. *affida'vh, n. 

af/i'ancer, n. hona-fde, ad. 

corifide', v. 

* Affidavit 1 literally, he made faith to ; or, in the language of common 
law, he made oath to: a declaratioti upou oath. 




fidu'ci&X^ a. 
Jidu'ciaWy, ad. 
Jidu'ciaTy, n. & a. 

in'Jidel, n. & a. 

injid^'ity, n. 

confi'der, n. 

confidant , 71. dif defence, n. 

cou'fidence, n. diii'fident, a. 

con'fident, a. & n. differently, ad. 

con^f/ently, ad. faith, n. 

con'Jidentncss, n. faiih'ful, a. 

conjf^en'tial, a. faith' fully , ad. 

con^rfen'tially, ad. faith'folnesSj n. 

defy', V. faithless, a. 

Aefy'er, or faithlessly, ad. 

d.efi'er, n. faithlessness, n. 

defi'dtoxy, a. fidel'iiy, n. 
defi'ance, n. 

FiDi, perf. (of findo), / have cleft. 

FiGUR-^j /. 1. (« fingo, to form or make), a shape, 
an image ; a manner of speech : as, ^i^fig'ure, to 
take away the form or figure ; \xdx\.ifig'ure, to 
change the ybrm or outward appearance. 

'per'fidy, n. 
"perfid'iovLS, a. 
■perfid'iowsly, ad. 
per^rf'iousness, n. 
unde/?ed', a. 

(See Findo.) 

fig'uratedi, a. 
figura't'ion, n. 
fig'uralYve, a. 
fig'uratively, ad. 

T^refig'ure, v. 

"pvefig'tcred, a. 

'prejigura'tion, n. 

■pxefig'urative, a. 

config'ure, v. 
config'urate, v. 
conjigura'tion, n. 

flg'ure, n. & v. 
fig'urdble, a. 
dhfig'ure, v. JigurahiVity, n. 

disfigura'tion, n. fig'ural, a. 
^'^figy^ **• fig'uraie, a. 

FiLT-t/s, m. 2. a son; Yihi-A, f 1. a daughter: as, 
fiVi-dS., belonging to a son or daughter, 
affil'iate, v. fil'ial, a. wnfU'ial, a. 

afjilia'iion, n. filia'tion, n. fil'ly, n. 

FiL-UM, n. 2. a thread ; a strain : as^ j^/a'ceous, con- 
sisting 0^' threads. 

fila'ceons, a. file, n. & v. 

fil'axntnt, n. fi'ler, n. 

fil'igree, a. Ji'lings, n. 

Finance, /. (Fr.) cash, income, revenue. 
finance'^ n. finan'cialf a. financier', n. 

fll'ter, n. & v. 
fil'traie, v. 
filtra'tion, n. 

FIN 202 FIN 

FiND-0, V. 3. to cleave or cut : as^ ixi'Jid, cut or divided 
into three parts ; Jis'swre, the thing cleaved, a cleft 

hVfid^ or Jis'snre, n- 

hif'idaied, a. Jis'sWe, a. qwddYi/id, a. 

con/is'sure, n. Jissil'hy, n, txiyid, a- 

FiXG-Oj V. 3. to form or make, to feign ox forge : as, 
fic'tA%, moulded into foryn ; fc'tion, the act of 
ye^]9'??ingor inventmg,(the thing feigned, a falsehood.) 

feign, v. feint, n. fictiti'ovi'iXy, ad, 

feign'er, n. ^c7ile, a. fictiti'ou.^ness, n. 

feign'edly, ad. Jic'tion, n. ^figment, n. 

feign' edne'&s, n. fic'tious, a. unfeigned', a. 

feign'ing, n. fictiti'ous, a. unfei'gnedly, ad. 
feign'ingly, ad. 

PiN-is, /. 3. the end ; a bound or li?nit: as, fi'u'iie, 
haymglimits or bounds; in^«ite_, having no bounds 
or limits ; fi'noX, relating to the end ; con' fine, a 
common boundary ; confine', to put ends together, 
{to bound, to limit, to shut up.) 

definitVon, n. fin'i%h, v. 

*&(fin'\ty, n. defin'itive, a. & yi. ^/I'ishing, n. & a. 

con'Jine, n. & a. defin'iti\e\y, ad. ^«'isher, n. 

confine', v. dejin'itiveness, n. fi'nite. a. 

confi'nex, n. di?fin'itive, a. fi'nitely, ad, 

confin'ahle, a. fine , a. & n. fi'^iitelei^s, a. 

confine'less, a. fi'ner, n. fi'nitene?^^, it. 

confijie'vn&nt, n. fi'nery, n. fin'itude, n. 

confin'ity, n. fiyie'ly, ad. indefi'nahle, a. 

define', v. fiiie'ness, n. indefinite, a. 

defi'ner, n. fineles^, a. indefinitely^ ad. 

defin'ahle, a. fi'nahle, a. indefiniteuess, n. 

definite, a. & n. fi'naX, a. 

definitely, ad. fi'nsdly, ad. in'finite, a. 

de/'initeness, n. fi'nis, n. in'finiiely, ad. 

* Affinity, literally, a limiting to, relation by marriage, connection with, 
- oppoied to conmnguinity, relation by birth. 

FIN 203 FIS 

m'Jiniteness, n. ref7i'ed\y, ad. uncon^ued', a. 

inJinites'imaX) a. rejin'ednessj n. uncoii/jn'edly, ad. 

injin'iiive, a. refin'er, n. unde^'nable, a. 

ixifin'itndie, «. re/zne'ment, n. unde/fned', a. 

infiti'ity, n. super/i/ie', a. uii/^Ai'ished, a, 

refine', v. unccn/i'nable, a. unre/ined', a. 

FiNiT-i7Sj p.p. {d finio, to end, a finis), ended, fin- 
ished or completed. (See Finis.^ 
FiRM-i7Sfj a. stable, firm, strong: as, ^/??2«mentj the 

thing made firm or stable, {the sky or heavens) ; 

mfirm, not strong, {weak) ; corfirm', to strengthen 

together, {to establish or settle, to put past doubt 

b}'- new evidence.) 
'"affirm', v. confir'maWQ, a. 

SLffir'mer, n. confirma'tion, n. 

a?/tr'7nable, a. covfirma'ior, n. fir'mament, n. 

af/?r'mance, n. confir'mative, a. firmainen'tal, a. 

atfir'tnant, a. confir'maiory, a. infirm', a. 

vSfir'tnative,a.Sin. co'afir'rningly,ad. -j-in^r'waryj n. 

s-ffir'niatively, ad. disaffirm', v. 

aifirma'tion, 71. disaf^T-'waiice, n. mjir'mity, n. 

confirm', v. fiii">n, a. n. & v. in^rm'ness, n. 

corfir'mer, n. firm'\y, ad. wnfirm', a. 

con/iVm'edness, n firm'ness, n. 
Fisc-c7S, m. 2. {(piffx.oi), a frail, a bag or basket; a sack 
or purse, the king's private purse or revenue : as, 
/zs'cal exchequer or the place where the kings 
cash is kept and paid, revenue ; or a treasurer of 
the king or public s money. 

coiT^s'cate, v. & a. confis^catory, a. fisc, n. 

confisca'tiou, n. confis'caWQ, a. Jis'cal, n. & a. 

confisca'tor, n. 

*• Affirm, literally, to make firm or stro/^g to, to declare, to say or tell 
confidently, — opposed to the word deny. 

\ Infirmary, a place v/here the infirm or sick are recei\cd, and get ad- 
vice and medicines gratis. 

% Confiscate, (a Fhcus, originally a hamper, pannier, basket, cv frail, but 
metonymically the emperor's treasure, because it was anciently kept in such 
hampers), to transfer private propeity to the prince or public, by way of 
penalty for an offence. 

PIS 204! FLA 

Fiss^us, p.p. {dfiwdo), cleft {SeeFindo.) 

FisTUL-^, /. 1. a pipe ; a disease in the anus : as, 

Jis'tuIoXi belonging to^ or hollow like a pipe. 

fis'tula, w. Jis'tulous, a. whis'tle, n. & u. 

Jis'tular, Oo ix'xfis'tulaxy, a. whis'thvy n- 

Jis'f.ulate, v. 

Fix-uSy p.p. (a figo^ V. 3. it) stick), stuck, Jix^d: as> 
j^.r'ure or /ix'tm-e, the thing Jixed. 

ii{iix', V. Jix'edly, dd. •post^^ir, tIj 

*ai'JiXf n. ^yedness, n. pre//*'', ti» 
discom'/fV, w. & n. discom'//ure, n. *-px&'Jix, n. 

confix , V. fix'itj, n. pre/?j?'ion, n. 

cr\x'c\Jix, n. Jix'ture, or ttSLtisfix', v. 

cruci/!>'ionj n. fix'vxre, n. nnfix', v. 

fixy V. mfix', V. unjixed'j a. 
fixa't'ion., n, 

Flaccid-US, a. hanging down, languid, weak. 

Jiab'by, a, Jlac'cid, a. Jlaccid'iiy, n, 

¥hAGiTi-UM, n. 2. {Jlagris dignum crimen, a crime 

meriting whips or lashes'), a scandal, wickedness. 

/lagiii'ous, a. Jia{/iti'ousriess, n. 

Flagr-0, v. ]. to burn, to be all in aflame, to be in- 
.flamed: as, con^«^r«'?ion, the act oi burning to- 
gether, (a general j?re or burning.) 

coujiagra'tion, n. de flagrate, v. fla'graxii^ a. 
conjla'graiit, a. dejiagra'iion, n. fla'gr'dXiXly, ad, 
dejla'grdhle, a. JIa'gra,nce, n. 
Aejiagrabil'iiy, n. fia'graxicy, n. 

Flamen, m-is, m. 3. a priest appropriated to some 
particular god. 
axchjia'men, n. fla'men, n. Jlamin'ical, a. 

* When any letter or letters are joined to the end of a word, it is called an 
qffiJ!, postfix, or termination ; and when placed at the beginning of a word, 
it is called a prefix or inseparable preposition. Affix, literally, what is 
dzed to ; Postfix, what is fixed afier, — both of which words mean precisely 
the same things Pr^, what is^ed before. 




F LAMM -A, /.I. a flame y a blaze: as,, mflam'mahle, 
that caHj or easy to be set on flame. 

^amlbeaUj n. Jiatn'mcoas, a. ir]/lam'miihlentiis,n. 

flame.) n. & v. flammif'eTOus, a, inflammahiVilj, n. 

flameless, a. flammiv'omous, a. inflamma'tion^ n. 

fla'ming, a. fla'my, a. iuflam'matory, a. 

fla'mingly, ad. , inflarae', v. unin;?am'7nable, a. 

flam'mahle, a. infla'mQx, n. unin/?a?ned', a. 

flammabil'itYj n, iiyfam'mable, a. 

FLAT-t7s_, m. 4. (a flo^ to blow), a 2'>uffi blast, ov goh 
of wind : as, mflate\ to blow in, or to swell with 

sSfla'tiis, n. 
affla'tion, n. 
con^a7ion, n. 
diffla'tion, n. 
&?flat^, V. 

fla'tus, n. 
flat'nXexii, a. 
flat'vlency, n. 

wfla'iion, n. 
insuf/?rt7ion, n. 
per^«ble, a. 
perflate', v. 
-perfla'tion, n. 
suffla'tion, n. 

flatuox'ity, n. 
inflate', v. 

FlectOj v. 3. to beJid, to turn, to change : as, Aeflect' 
to turn down or aside ; 'mflex'ihlQ, that cannot be 
be72t, moved, or changed; reflec'tion, the act of 
bending or throwing back. 

c\r'c\xxnflex, n. 

deflect, V. 

deflec't'ion, n. 

deflex'uxe, n. 
fleoc'ihle, a. 
flea;'ih\e.nt%%, n. 
fl.exihiViiy, n. 
flex'We, a. 
flec't\on, or 
flex'iorv, n. 

Flex-c/s,. p. p. (« 
Ylict-vs, p.p. (a 

flec'tor, or 
flex'ox. 71. 

flex'ure, n. 
flex'iious, a. 
inflect', V. 
iuflec'tion, n. 
inflec'iive, a. 
in^(?yedj a. 
inflex'ible, a. 
ixiflex'ihly, ad. 

inflexihiVity, n. 
reflect', v. 
reflec'tion, n. 
reflec'ient. a. 
xeflec'tiye, a. 
reflec'toT, n. 
re'flex, a. 
reflex'ihle, a. 
reflcxihiVity, n. 
reflex'ive, a. 
Ttjlex'ixely, ad. 

iriflex'ihleness, n. superre/Zea,''ion, n. 
flecto), bent, turned, (See Flecto.^^ 
fligo)^ beaten y struck. (See Fligo.') 




Flig-o, v. 3. to beat or strike : as, conflict', to strive 
or struggle by striking against one another. 

sSflict', V. 

sSflic'tOt, 71. 

Sif/lic'ting\y, ad. 
af/?Jc7ion, n. 
af/iic'tive, a. 

afjlic'lively, ad. 
af/fic'/edness, n. 
conflict', V. 
con'Jtict, n. 

inflict', V. 
injlic'ter, n. 
injiic' t'ion, n. 
mJiic't'viQ, a. 

Flos, flor-a's, m. 3. a flower, a bloom or blossom : SiS, 
Flo'ra, the goddess of flowers ; flo'i-dX, relating to 
Flora or flowers ; ef/fores'cent, growing or shoot- 
ing out in fomn oi flvowers. 

bi/'7orous, a. flor'\(\, a. 

devour', v. ^or'idly, ad. 

dcjioii' rev, n. ^or'idness, 7i. 

deflora' tlon, n. ^orid'ity, n. 

poriferous, a. 

Jlor'en, or 
*Jlor'in, n. 

Jlo'rist, n. 

ef/iorc!i'eenc2, 91. 
et^ores'cency, n. 
G?flores'cent, a. 
Flo'ra, n. 
/lo'ral, a. 
Flo7''ex)ce, n. 
Flor'eiuine, n. 
Jlo'riage, n. 

flour'i^her, 71. 
y/owr'ishingl)'^, ad. 
JIow'qt, n. & V. 
flou'ret, or 
f.ow'tret, n. 
Jio'ret, n. 
Jiow'ering, n. 
Jio7v'er\e.s,f; a. 
flow'erj, a. 
^ow'eriness, n. 
xeflour'i'ih, v. 

flos'culow?^, a. 
flour, n. 
flour'i^, V. & n. 

Fluctu-o, v. 1. (a fluo), to rise in waves ; to be in 
suspense : a,s,fluc'tua.te, to roll to and fro as waves, 
fluc'tuaie, v. Jluctua't'ion, n. Jiiic'luant, a. 

Flu-o, v. 3. to flow : as, af^e^ent, flowing to ; flux, 

a flow ; refliLv, a flow i)i^ ; influence, afloic- 

ing in or upon; super^e^ous, flowing above, or 

more than enough, (unnecessary/.^ 

affluence, n. affluent, a. 

af^ieently, ad. afflux, n. 

* Florin (Fr.) a coin of different value, first made by the Florentines or 
Inhabitants of Florence, a city of It^Jy. That of Germany is 46. 6d. ; that 
of Spain 4s. 4Jd. ; that of Palermo and Sicily 2s. 6d, ; that of Holland 2s. 
or Is. 8d. that of Britain 2s. 




af/?tta?'ion, n. Jiu'ent, a. & n. 

hloody-^ua^', n. Jiii'eiitly, ad. 

circuni^wence, n. Jlu'k], a. &. n. 

circum^went, a. /fii'idness, ;?. 

cixcwm'fluoM?,, a. ^fud'ity, n. 

confluence, n. flu'or, n. 

confluent, a. fluviat'ic, a. 

conflux, n. flux'ion, v. 

counter-in^i<ence, flux'ionsixy , a. 
flux'ionhU n. 

Aeflux'lon, n. 
(^iifluence, n. 
diiflutvit, a. 
tifluence, n. 
effluent, a. 
effiu'vium, 11. 
efflji'via, n. pi. 
efflux f n. 

flux, n. 8l V. 
fluxa't'ion, It. 
flux'ihle, a. 
fluxihiVity^ n. 
fluxil'ity, n- 

iiV^Ma;''ion, n. 
inter^went, a. 
melli/7wence, «, 
nielli/7Ment, a. 
melli/7M0us, a. 

pro/7Ment, a. 
refloiv', V. 
xef'luence, n. 
ref'luency, n. 
refluent, a. 
reflux, n. 

setniflu'id, a. 
subter^j<ent, or 
subter^MouSj a. 

super^«<ous, a. 
super^«ousness, n. 
su-perflu'hy, n. 
unsuper^MOviSj a. 

igni/7«ous, a. 

influence, n. & v. 

influent, a. 
efflux'ion, u. injlven'lial, a. 

felli/7Mous, a. influen'tiaWy, ad. 

flu'ency, n. influx, n. 

¥l\]\i-us, ni.2. (a fliio);, a river — -Jluviafic, a. 

Flvx-us, a. {a fliio)^ floieing. (See Fluo.) 

Foc-ESjor Favc-es, pi. of faux, the Jaws; the throat 

or gullet : as, sufybcate^ to choke or strangle. 

suffocate, v. suf/oca'/ion, n. suf'focaii\e, a. 

Foc-i7s_, m.2. a fire -hearth or altar ; a point, 
fo'cus, n. fo'ca\, a. 

F(ET-t7S or Fet-us, m. 4. a, child or anirnal yet in 

the womb — -foe'tus or fe'tus, n. 
FoiBLE;, m. (Fr.) a weak or blind side; a failing. 

foi'ble, 11. 
Fohi-VM, n. 2. a leaf: as^ folia! cqous,, consisting of 

lamince or leaves ; fo'liage, leaves collectively. 

ex/o7iate, v. exfolia'tion, n. exfo'liathc, «. 





folia'ceouss, a. foUa't'ion, n, inter/o'/iate, v. 

fo'liage, n. fo'Uature, n. port-/o7io, n. 

/o'/ious, a. fo'lio, n. rotundi/oViouSj a. 

fo'lia.te, V. tre'/oil, n. 

FoMENT-i73f, n. 2. (a foveo, to Warm or keep warin) 
a cherishing with heat ; an ajyplication to cure or 
relieve pain. 

foment', v. f.jmcniu'llou, n. xefomerd', v. 

fomen'texj n. 

FoNS^ font-isj m. 3. a source or origin. 

font, n. foun'tain, n. foun't2k\n\e&s, a. 

fount, n. /oMnVainhead, n. fount'i\x\, a. 

FoRCEPSj ip-/5j /. 3. a pair of tongs, a surgeon s pincerSc 

for'ceps, n. for'cipated, a. 

FoRiSj /. 3. a door; and adv. out of doors, abroad: as, 
for'2igQ, to go out of doors in search of provisions. 

for'age, v. 8c n. for'eigner, n. /or'feitable, a. 

for'ager, n. /or'eignness, n. /br'feiture, n 

for'agmg, n. &. a. for'k'it, n. v. & a. forin'sccal, a. 

for'eign, a. /or'feiter, n. 

FoRM-^;, /. 1. a form or shape, a figure : as, defor7n', 
to spoil the form, {to make ugly); for'm^X, be- 
longing to form ; r&foryn', to foi-m again or anew ; 
trans/brm', to change the /brm. 

*&xvg\\\V\\form, a. crxx'ciform, a. 
CMne'iform, a. 
deform', v. & a, 
deforma't'ion, n. 
de/or'medly, ad. 

de/or'medness, n. form, n. & v. 
de/or'/nity, n. for'ma\., a. 

de'i/orjHj a. 

&r\t\-xeform'QX, n. 
hVform, a. 
hVformedi, a. 
conform, a. & v. 
conform' ex, n.. 
confor'mahle, a. 
confor'mahXy, ad. 
conforma' t'lon, n. 
confor'mi&t, n. 
confor'miiy, n. 

discon/or'/nity, n. 

en'si/or;n, a. 
equi/or'mity, n. 

dif'/onn, a. 
dif/b?-'rnity, n. 

for'maWy, ad. 
/or'/nalist, n. 
formal'iiy, n 

* Anfuilfi/jrm, {k angiiilla, i. \, an e^l), having the form of an eel. 




J'orma'lioUy n. 
for'tnative, a. 
for'mer, n. 
form'fu], a. 
/orm'less, a. 
/or?rtos'ity, ?i. 
for'mula, n. 
for'muldLxy, n. 
for'mule, n. 
glan'di/orm, a. 
hyperbol'i/brm, a. 

hiform', V. 8l a. 
\nfor'ma.\, a. 
iii/b?''wially, ad. 
informal'ity , n. 
infof'matiwe, a. 
iiifor^yned, a. 
u\form'er, n. 
\iifor'ma.nt, n. 
informa'iion, n. 

in/or'inity, n. 
in/br'fflouSj a. 
len'ti/orm, a. 
lu'ci/o?'r«, a, 
mam'mi/orw, a. 
misin/bri«', v. 
misin/orm'er, n. 
mul'ti/orm, a. 
multi/or'Tnity, n. 
myr'ti/oj-m, a. 
none onfor'm i ty , n. 
noncon/or'mist, ii. 
Donconfor'm'mg, a. 
om'n'/orm, a. 
omni/or'mity, n. 
•perform', v, 
per/o?'7«'able, a. 
per/oj-'joance, n. 
perform' er, n. 
preform', v. 
reform', v. Sa n. 

refor'mative, a. 
reforma'tion, n. 

reform' er, n. 
re/or'mist, n. 
ret'iform, a. 
scu'ti/orw?, n. 
trans/br/n', v. 
transforma'tion, n. 
tr\'fo7'm, a. 
ver'miform, a. 
unde/ormed'j a. 
unformed', a. 
w'niform, a. & n. 
u'niformly, ad. 
unifor'mhy , n. 
uninformed', a. 
unper/brmed', a. 
unre/or'mflble, a. 
unreformed', a. 
unu'niform, a. 
unper/or'niing, a. 

FoR'siiD-o, f.3. fear, dread: a.s, /b?-'midah\e, that 
may be feared. 

for'midahle, a. for'midahleness, n. infor'midable, a. 
for'midahly, ad. 

Fornix, ic-is, m. 3. an arch or vault ; a brothel, (such 
places being anciently in vaults.^ 

for'nic&ie, v. for'nicaied, a. for'nicalress, n. 

fornica'tion, n. fornica'tor, n. 

FoR-0, V. 1. to bore, to 2nerce : as, imperybrable, that 
cannot be bored. 

foram'inous, a. imper'/ora^ed, a. pex'foraior, n. 
imper/o>'able, a. per'forate, v. per'foralhe, a. 

imper'/o/'ate, a. r}cr for a' tlon, n. 

s 2 

FOR 210 FOS 

FoRS, fort-is, f. 3 chance, luck, fortune : SiS,/ortu'it- 
ousj happening b?/ chance; unfor'tunaiej not hav- 
ing luck, unlucky. 

forlu'itons, a. for'tune, n. & v. 

fortu'iiously, ad. Jbr'tuned, a. mhfor'tune, n. 

foriii'itousness, n. Jbr'iujie-hvLnter, n. \mfor', a. 

Jhr'iunsite, a. for'tu7ie\ess, a. unfor'tunately, ad. 

for'tunately, ad. /or'tiine-te]leT, n. un/br'/wnateness, n. 

for'tunnteness, n. 

FoRT-is, a. strong, valiant: as, com'fort, to make 

strong together, (to make glad) ; for'tify, to make 

coiii'fort, V. & n. for'cQ^ly, ad. for'tit\xde, n. 

coxa'fortev, n. for'cer, n. Jbr'lTess, n. 

com'/or/ress, n. force'ful, a. enforce', v. 

com'fortahle, a. force' fully, ad. enforce' able, a. 

cova'fortahly, ad, force'less, a. enfor'cev, n. 

com'/or/ableness, n./or'cing, n. en/br'cedly, ad. 

conVfortle?,^, a. for'cihle, a. enforce' ment, h. 

cova'fortxng,n.8i.a^for'cihly, ad. xecovn'fort, v. 

coxxn'terfort, n. /or'cibleness, n. re-enforce', v. 

deforce', V. fort, n. re-en/brce'ment, n. 

deforce' vaexA, n. for'te^ n. uncomybriable, a. 

for'tify, V. yxncoxn' f or tahly, ad. 

d.hcam'fort,n.&iv.for'ti^ex, n. uncom'/ortebleness, 

discom'/or/ablcj a. unforced.', a. [n. 

effort, n. forti^ca'iion, n. unfor'cihle, a, 

force, n. & v. fort'in, n. un/br'^ified, a. 

FoR-t7M,*n. 2. a public place in Rome, a market -place. 

circumfora'7iean,a. forum, n. fair, n. 

circumfo7-a'neous,a.foren'sic, a. fai'ring, n. 

Foss-^, /. 1. (a fodio, v. 3. to dig'), a ditch or trench, 

effossx'on, n. fos'sSS., a. & n. xefossi'on, n. 

fosse, n. fos'silist, n. ^uffossVon, n. 
fosse'way, n. 

* " Forum, a public place at Rome, where assemblies of the people were 
held, justice was administered, and other public business transacted ; i>ar- 
ticuUrly what concerned the borrowing and It-nding of money." — Ada-ai's 
Rom, Antiq. 




Fract-uSj p.p. (a frango), broken. (See Frango,^ 
Fragr-o, v. 1. to smell sweetly, 

fra'gr&rice, n. fra'gr3,nt, a. fra'grautly, ad. 

fra'grancy, n, 

pRANCjFRANcnE^a. {Yv.')free,liberal: Q&,fran'cki%e, 
to xnokQfree; ^i^fran'chizQ, to take away ?Ae/r^e. 
dom, to deprive of privileges. 

sSfran'chi%e, v. en/ra;i'cAisement,n/ranA;'iricen£e, n. 
af/ra;i'6'^isement,n;/rart'cAise, n. & v. *frank1m, n. 
dis/rart'c/iise, v. jTra/i'c^isementjJZ. •|-/<'ra?i^5, n. 
dis/Van'c/iisement, frank, a. n. & v. French, n. Sc a. 
enfran'chise, v. frank'ly, ad. french'ify, v. 

enfran'chiser, n. frank'ness, n. frenchlxke, a. 

Frang-0^ v. 3. to break : as_, infran'gihle, that cannot 
be broken ; frac't'ion, the act of breaking, a broken 
part j frag' We or fraW, easily broken, (weak.^ 

fringe, n. & v. 
frac'tioxi, n. 
frac'tior\BX, a. 
frac'iious, a. 
frac'ture, n. & v. 
frag'ile, a. 
fragil'ity, n. 
frag'iaent, n. 
frag'mentary, a. 
fra'goT, n. 
frail, a. 
frail'nesii, n. 

refract', v. 
Yzfrac'iion, n. 
refj'ao'iive, a. 
vefrac'lory, a. Si n. 
re/?-«c7oriness, ii. 
rifragahle, a. 
xefran'gihlQ, a. 
refrangibiVity, n. 
sax'ifrage, n. , 
saxi/'ra^ous, a. 

frail'ty, n. 
fran'gihle, a. 

o&'i,ifrage y n. 

mfrac't'ion, n. 

infran'gihlQ, a 

infringe', v. 

infring'ev, n, 

infringe'raent, n. 

irrefVa^rable, a. 

ixTtfragahly, ad. 

irre/"Va^ableness,n. :J:suf/Va^'inous, a. 

irref' ra^abil'ity, 71. unre/rac'/edj a. 

Frater, m. 3. a brother: QB,f rater' ndl, belonging to 
a, brother ; frafricidie, the murder of a brother, 
confratcr'nxiy, n. broth'er, n, frai'ricide, n. 

frater'naS., a. frater'nxiy, n. fvi'ar, n. 

* Fi-aiiJilin, MtexaWy, a little free gentleman, a steivart ; a freeholder of 
considerable property. And the name has given rise to that of many fami- 
lies in EnglancL 

■f " From tlie Franks, the French or Frenchmen are descended,, who seem 
to have been so called for having chosen in some sort to live in more free- 
dom and libettp, than some other of the Germans did." — Versteean. " I 
come to the French, a people breathing liberty by the very derivation 
of theirname." — Bewailing of the Peace of Germany. 

X &i(ffraiii)wus, belouij'ing to the knee-juintu of beasts. 

FRA 212 FRr 

Fkaus, fraud-/5, /. 'i.frauJ., deceit, guile : aBj/raii'- 
dulent, full of arti/tce or deceit. 
Aefraud'y v. fraud'fnl, a. frau'dalitncy, n. 

d^frau'der, n. fi-aud'fally, ad. frau'dulent, a. 

def}-aiid'ment, n. frau'dv\ti\CQ, n. /raw'rfulently, ad. 
fraud', n. 

FREN-i73f/brFRiEN-u3r, n.2. a bit, a curb ox 7'estraint. 
refrain', v. 

Frenzy for Phrenzy. (See Phren.^ 
FrequenS;, nt-is, a. often done, seen or occurring 
often: as, uxfre'quent, not occuri'ing often. 

Jre'quency, n. frequenta't'ion, n. unfre'quent, a. 

fre'quent, a. frequen'iadve, a. xinfre'quenily, ad. 

fre'quently, ad. infre'quence, n. unfrequeni', v. 

frequent', v. mfre'quency, n. unfreque?it'e({. a. 

frequerd'tr, n. mfre'quent, a. 

Fric-Oj rub : as, fric'tion, the act o^ rubbing 

(two bodies together.) 

den'ti/nc^, n. fric'tion, n. 

coii/rico7ion^ n. i^&r'fricate, v. 

¥rig-us, or-is, n. 3. cold, coolness : as, frigor'ii'iz, 

causing cold ; refresh' , to cool again, {to recreate.') 

yVi^ffac'tion, n. xefrig'erant, a. & n. 

frig'id, a. mfrigida t'lon, n. tefrig'erate, v. 

frig'idly, ad. refresh', v. refrigera'tion, n. 

frig'idness, n. refresh'er, n. refrig'erative, a. 

frigid'ity, n. refresh'ing, n. & a. refrig'eratory, a. 

frigorif'ic, a. xefresh'inent, n. & n. 

Fring-0 (comP-form oiFrango),to break. (SeeFrango.) 
Fri-Oj, v. I. to crumble, to break into small j^ieces. 
fri'ahle, a. /?-iabil'ity, n. un/ri'able, a. 

Frivol-17S, a, trifling, of no moment: as, frivol' it j, 
the state of trifling, or triflingne?>s. 
friv'oloyis, a. fi'iv'olonsness, n. frivolity, n. 

friv'olously, ad. 




FronSj nd-is^ f. 3. a leaf: as, frond if 'evoiiB, heaving 

frond, n. fronda'tlon, n. frondiCerons, a. 

FronSj nt-ts,/. 3. the forehead : as, ccaf ronf, to bring 
foreheads together^ {to face, to set face to face) ; 
f-onflet, a bandage worn on the forehead. 

nffront', V. & 71. confront', v. front'ed, a. 

affron'ter, n. cor\fronta'tion,n. *fron'tier, n. & a, 

affron'iing, a. effron'iery, n. /row' tiered, a. 

•eiifron'ih'e, a. front, n. & v. fron,'tisY>iece, n. 

af/ro/A'fivenesSj 7i. fi-oni'al, n. fro?ii'lcss, a. 

bifron'te(\, a. frontlet, n. 

Frvct-us, m. 4. (a fruor)^ fruit. (See Friior.) 
Frug-eSj /. 3. fruit : a'&,fru'ga[, belonging iofruii 
(figuratively, thrifty, sparing.) 

fru'gul, a. frugaVhy^ n. infru'gai, a. 

fru'gaWy, ad. frugiCerous, a. 

Fruit-US', p.p. (a fruor), enjoyed. (See Fruor.) 

Frument-uj*/", 71.2. (rt fruges, fruit), corn or grain. 

frumenta' CQOu?,, a. frumenta'tion, n. •ffru'm€7ity, n. 

Fru-oRj dep. 3. to enjoy, to reap the fruit or profit 

of: as, fruc'tiiy, to vaake fruitf id, to hear fruit ; 

fruit']! ow, the act of enjoying, or pleasure given by 

the possession or use. 

fruc'teA, a. fruitage, n. 

fructif'eiou?., a. fruit'-heaver, n. 

fruit' -hQaxing, a. 

fruit'erer, n. 

fruit' ery, n. 

fruit'ivl, a. 

fruit'i\A\y, ad. 

fruit'i\x\nQ%&, n. 

fruc'tiiy, v. 
fructifica'tion, n. 
J'ruc'tuons^ a. 

fruit, n. 

fruit'-grove , » 
Jruii'less, a. 
fr?iit'lessly, ad. 

/r?<i/'lessness. n- 
fr?iii'-tinie, n 
fruit'-tveQ, n. 
fruiti'on, n. 
fru'itive, a. 

* Frontier, the utmost verge of any territory, the border ; properly that 
which terminates not al the sea, hut fronts anothei country. 
t Frumentj/, food made of wheat boiled in miik. 




Frustr-^, adv. in vain, to no purpose : asj frus'^ 
tralQ, to make vain or null, {to defeat.) 

frustra'i'ion, n. frus'traioxy, a. 
frus'lrzXt, V. & a. frus'tratixt, a. wnfnis'trahXe, a. 

FuGi-0^ V. 3. to flee ov fit/, to run away: a,s,flu'(/itixe 
flfvcig or runnmg away, or one who runs away. 
centri/"'w^al, a. /«^ac'ity, n. refuge., n- & v. 

feWx'xfuge, n. fu'giiive, a- & n- refugee', n. 

y'liga'cious, a. fu'gitiveness, n- suh'terftige, n. 

/w^a'ciousness, n. */ugue, n. vex'imfuge, n. 

FULGE-Oj V. 2. to shine, to glitter, to be bright : as, 
efful'gence, a shining out, {lustre, brightness.) 

e?fulge', v. 
etful'gence, n. 
efful'gent, a. 

ful'gency, n. 
ful'gent, a. 

ful'gidi, a. 
ful'go^^T, n. 

interful'gent, a. 
xeful'gence, n. 
reful'gency, n. 
reful'gent, a. 
xefid'gently, ad 

fulgura'tion, n- 

FuLiG-Oj m-is, f. 3 soot, smi»ke. 
fulig'inous, a. J\ilig'ino\isly, ad. 

FuLMEN, m-is, n 3.^re darted from the clouds, light- 
ning, thunder : QiS,fid', to thimder or make 
a loud 910 ise or crack. 

ful'minant, a. fulmina'iion, n. 

ful'minixte, v. fuVmbiatoxy, a. 

Vuu-us, m. 2. smoke, reek or fume : as, fu'mig-dte, 
to smoke ; iperfume, a sweet odour sent through 
or forth, (fragrance.) 

fu'migate, v. 

fumiga'tion, n. 

e?fumahiV\iy, n. 
*/nma'do, n. 
*fu'matoxy, n. 
fume, 71. &L V. 
fri'mid, a. 
fumid'iiy, n. 

fn'ming, n. 
fu'mhigly, ad. 
fu'mous, a. 
fii'my, a. 

infumed', a. 
'perfume, n. 
^exfume', v. 
per/Vi'mer, n. 
-perfii'matoxy, a. 
suffumlf/a' lion, n. 
unfu'med, a. 

Fugue, a term in musi::. Fumado, a smoked fish. Ftimatorr/, an herb 




FuNCT-us, p.p. (a fungor, to discharge qx perform 
one's duti/), discharc/ed or performed one's duty or 
office: 2,^, func'tiQTid.Y'^ , one who performed^ or ia 
charged with an office or emplogment ; -^^xfunc'- 
tory, haying performed an office thoroughl}?", {slight 

func'lion, n. per/«Mc7orily, ad. 

func'tlon&xy, n. ]^erfunc'tory, a. per/wnc^oriness, n. 

defunct', a. Sen. 

FuND-^^ f. I. a sling, a net, a bag, a st07'e or stock. 

fund, n. & V. 
FuND-0, V. 3. to pour, to melt : ds, confound, to pour 

together, (to mix, to perplex, to amaze) ; fu'sihle, 

that may he tnelted _: refund', to pour back, {to pay 

back what is received.) 

sSfuse', V, diffu'siyely, ad. mfu'sion, n. 

3,ifu's'\on, n. difftc'siveness, n. infu'sive, a. 

chcnxnf use', v. diffused', a. luterfi^sed', a. 

circuni/V^'sion, n. dif/u'sedly, ad. pro/use', a. 

circum/w'^ile, a. dif/ir'sedness, n. •profusely, ad. 

confound', v. effuse', v. Si. a. pro/Mse'iiess, n. 

confoun'der, n. effused', a. Yirofu'sion, n. 

confoun'ded, a. effu'sion, n. refund', v. 

confoiin'dedly, ad. effu'sive, a. xefund'er, n. 

coufoun'dedness,n. found, v, 

confuse', v. fuse., v. 

confu'sion, n. fu'si\>\e, a. 

confu'se^y, ad. fusihiV'ny , n 
con/«'5edness, n, 
difftise', V. Sl a. 
diffuse'ly, ad. 

diffu'sex, n. 
d\ffu'sih\e, a. 
diffii'sion, n. 
diffu's'we, a. 

FuND-[/s, m. 2. the bottom 

fu'sile, a. & n. 
fu'sion, n. 
incoufused', a. 
infuse', v. 
infu'ser, n. 
infu'sihlc, a. 

suffzine', V. 
suffu'sion, n. 
ixawifuse' , v. 
trans/if'^jble, a. 
trans/u'sion, n. 

aS:, found, to lay the 

basis or bottom of any building, (to build, to esta. 

FUN 216 FUR 

llish) ; -pvofomid', having t/ie bottom far forth or 
down, (deep, learned, humble.) 

founds V. founda'iioxxless, n. pro/oMnc?1y, ad. 

for/n'der, n. & v. foun'dl'mg, ii. prq/oMwrf'ness, n. 

fovn'drf'ss, n. fiin'davaent^n. [n.\)Xofund'iiy, n. 

fundavaen'taX, a. & xefound\ v. 
foun'dery, n. fi(ndamen'ta\ly,ad. unfou?i'ded, a. 

founda'iion, n. Yixofound', a. & n. 

FuNG-t7S_, m.2. a mushroom,, a sponge, 
funy'us, n. fting'ou.s, a. fungos'iiy, n. 

FuN-iSj m. 3. a rop)e or cord: as, /z<?2am'bulistj one 
who walks on ropes, {a rojye-dancer.) 
fu'ni(\Q, n. fun?cm'h\\\A\.ory, a. 

fiaiic'ulax, a. /"^i!?iam''buli3t, n. 

FuNus, ex-is, n. 3. a burial, a funeral: 2i%,fune'- 
^r/al, belonging \.q funerals, 
fu'nerai, n. & a. fune'redX, a. fiine'briaX, a. 

fu'nerate, v. 

Fur, c. 3. a thief: as, /wra'cious, given to stealing. 
fura'ciovLS, a. fur'li\e, a, 

FuRC-^, /. 1. a fork: as, \kfur'catt^, having two 
heads shooting out like a fork, 
hifir/cated, a. fork, n. & v. for'ky, a. 

h\furca'tiox\, n. for'kedily, ad. furca'tion, n. 

h^fur'cous, a. for'kedness, n. 

Furfur, m. 3. b}'a?i, husk; scurf ov dandriff. 
fur'fur, n. furfura' ceovis, a. 

FuRi-^, /. 1. (d furo, V. 3. to be mad), a fury or 
jiend; madness: as, in/wV^'ate, put into a rage or 
furg, em-aged. 

fu'rions, a. /wViousness, n. iufu'riate, a. &. v. 

fu'rioxisly, ad. fu'ry, n. * fu'runde, ?i. 

» FarMicle, a bile or angry pustule ; a sniail tumor or boil. 

FUS 217 GAL 

Fusc-L'Sj a. blackish, tawny like the Indians. 
'vc\fu3ca't\ox\f n. oifus'catQ) v. 

Fus-t/s^ p.p. {di\ivAo),pou7'ed, melted. (SeeFundo.) 
FvsT-iSj m. 3. a stick or cudgel. 
fus', v. fusti(ja'iion, 71. 

FuTiL-is, a. leaky, babbling, trifdng. 
fu'tile, a. fuiil'ityy n. 

FuT-Oj blame, to disprove: as^ confute', to dism 
prove ; refute', to pj-ove false or eiToneous. 
confute', V. con'ftita.nt, n. lefu'table, a. 

coufui'er, n. confuta'tiou, n. refu'ldX, n. 

confu'tahle, a. irre/Vt^able, a. xefufa'tion, n. 
refute', v. lefu'ler, n. 

FuTUR-i7s^ p.fut. (ab esse;, to be), about to be, that shall 
or will be : ei^,futu'ritj, time, or event to come* 
fu'ture, a. & n. futuritVon, n. futu'rhy, n. 

Fy (Eng. for Fico or Facio), to make. (See Facio.) 


Gala (Spanish)^ fne dress : as, gal'hnt, gai/,fne~ 
dressed, brave; goIl2x\\' , a gay or brave man, {a 
wooer, or seducer.) 

ga'la, n. gal'l&r\{\y, ad. ungal'lant, a. 

galhmt', n. ^«/7<intness, n. \xnyul'lant\y, ad, 

gal'laxit, a. gal'lautvy, n. vui^a/Vantry, n, 

Galax {yctXa,% or yxXx), milk. 

*gal'axy, n. 

♦ Galaxy, the milky way, or via la.cfea, a hroad white path or trade, eii- 
coHJi^assiug the whole heavens, and extending itself in some places witll 


GAL *218 GAL 

Galea, /. l a helmet — -ffal'eateS, a. 

(}alli-a, f. L Gaul or France, a county/ of Europe^ 

gael'ic, n. Sc a. ffal'lican, a. Gaul, n. 

ffal'ic, n. Si. a. gal'licism, n. gaul'iah, a. 

gal'lic, a. 

Gallin-.4, /.].(« gallus, m. 2. a cock), a hen. 
galliua'ceous, a. 

Galvani^'"^ Professo7- of Anatomy at Bologna. 

galvan'ic, a. gal'vamze, v. galvanora'eitr, n. 

*gal'vanh\n, n. 

a double path, but for the most part with a single one. It has been disco* 
vered to consist of an innumerable quantity of fixed stars, different in si- 
tuation and magnitude ; from the confused mixture of wliose light its whole 
colour is supposed to be occasioned. Hence any splendid assemblage of per- 
sons or things. 

* " The wife of Galvoni, profe&sor of anacomy at Bologna, accidentally 
discovered, that when the nerve of the limb of a frog, lying near an elec- 
trical machine, was touched with a piece of metal, it was thrown into vio- 
lent convulsions, even though it had been dead for some time. — Galvnni 
repeated the experiment, and, after varying it in different ways, proved sa- 
tisfactorily what had thus been discovered by mere accident. He' found 
that the convulsions could also be excited independently of th.e electric ma- 
chine (by means oi metals.) It has therefore been called Galvanism, from 
its discoverer, and sometimes also voltaic electricity, (from Vvlta, who sup- 
posed th«t it was merely common electricity evolved by ?/?e metals, parti- 
cularly zinc and silver, the animal being the conductor, and shewing its 
effects) ; and the apparatus (being plates of zinc ajid silver, arranged in 
pairs alternately, and a moist cord being put between each paii) by which 
this was proved, is now termed a voltaic pile. — Sir H. Davy fomid, on using 
the very powerful battery of the Royal Institution, consisting of 2(ir.0paii 
of plates, each nearly six inches square, that when the pieces of charcoal 
were kept at the distance of four inches, there was a brilliant arch of light, 
and the greater part of them was constantly in a state of ignition. By Gal- 
vanism, there is not only the evolution of light, but what is still more re- 
markable, metals are easily ignited, and even fused, so that an intense heat 
is also excited. — It has been already stated, that it is generally admitted 
that Galvanism and electricity are one and the same agent ; and that they 
are so, is evident from their effects. They both cause contraction of the 
animal fibre. In pr:s;ing from one object to another, both emit lic;ht and 
heat. Conductors of electricity are conductors of Galvanism, while those 
which are iirperfect conductors of the one, are also imptit'ect conductors 
of the other." — Fyfe's Elome.'its of Chemistry. " Although Galvanism and 
electricity may be considered as the same principles, still, according to 
the present state of our knowledge, thpy may be thus distuigviished. Gal- 
t'a?(?.s»! is the portion of electricity which foiTns the component part of the 
conducting body, in the act of imdergoing a change in its capacity, from 
ft greater to a lesser state ; while electricity is the result of a temporary 
change in non-conducting bodies, insomuch that their capacities become, 
by attrition, momentarily increased."— JVilkinson's Elem. o/Galvanimi. 




Gam-eo {yot^icj), to marry , to give in marriage : as, 
Xng'amy, having two icives at once ; dig'amy or 
deuteTog'a7ny Becond jnarriage. 
aff^amist, n. 

amal'ffama, n. 
•amal'^amate, v. 
&malffama'iion, n. 

bi^'amist, n. misog'amy, n. 

CTYptoff'amy, n. miso^amist, n. 

crypto^'amous, u. xnoaog'amy^ n, 

deutero^'amy, n. mono^'cmistj Tin. 

deutero^'«mist, n. neo^'amist, n. 

di^'amy, n. "polyg'amy, n. 

di^'amist, n. poly^aTnist, 71, 

\)\g'amy, n. 

Gangren-^i {yocyye^xivx, d y^ocf*, to gnaw, to eat), a 
putrefying ulcer, 
gan'grene, n. &LV. gan'grenzit, v. gan'grenous, a. 

Garr-io, v. 4. to prattle — gar'rulous,a. garrul'ity,n. 
GasteRj tr-os, (yx'T-rn^, '^^of), the belly or stomach . 
aSj gas'tric, belonging to the belly or stomach. 

^\gas'tric, a. gasiriVoqny, n, ^os/ror'apby, n. 

gas'lric, a. gastriVocimat, n. hyj)ogas'iric, a. 

gastronomy, n. 

GAZETT-jjt (Ital.) a Venetian half -j)enny ; a paper 
cf neics, QY 2^ublic intelligence, 
ga'zet, n, -^gazette', n. &, v. gazelteer', n. 

Ge (yn), the earth : as^ ^eog'raphy, a description of 
the earth or world ; geoYo^j, the doctrine of the 

* Amalgamate, to unite metals unth qidcksilver, which may be practised 
uy)on all metals, except iron and copper. The use of this operation is to 
make the metals soft and ductile. Gold is, by this method, drawn over 
other materials by gilders. Used figuratively also; to mix or mingle. 

t " Gazetta (a Gaza, a treasure, tvealth, Pers.) is a Venetian halfpenny, 
tiie price of a newspaper, of which the first was published at Venice.— 
Dr Johnson, It was a kind of literary newspaper, in single sheets, pub- 
lished at Venice in the sixteenth century, which was sold for a gnzct. The 
foglio d'amnsi, from the circumstance of its price, has given the name of 
gazette to newspapers in many countries. At first, we used, in the plural, 
fazetti. Our gazettes Dfegan to be regularly piiated in 16(15." — Jolmsou'a 
Diet, bi/ Todd. 

GKL 220 GExlI 

earth ; ^^(opon'ics, the science ot cultivating the 

ground ; geot'ic, belonging to the earth. 

geoVogi^t, n. geovn'eix'ize, v. 

^'Si^'offee, n. ^e'omancy, n. geo'pon'ic^j n. 

^eocen'iric, a. ^c'omancer, n. 

■j"^'?odas'.sia, n. /7Poman'tic, a. George, n. 

geodset'ical, a. ijroeom'etiy, n. geor'gic, n. & a. 

geog'xa^hy, n. geofgical, a. 

gfug'tayh^i; n. geom'stral^ a. GeorginmSidus, n^ 

^^ograph'ical, a. geomet'ric, a. geos'coTpy, n. 

^6'ogiaph'ically, ad. ^eomet'rical, a. geot'ic, a. 
- geoVogy, n. ^^^omet'rically, ad. *hypo^e'um, n. 

<,'eolog'ical, a. ^cometrici'an, n. 

Gel-t/j n. 4. frost, ice, cold : a&^ coT\geaV, to turn by 
frost from a fluid to a solid state ; mgel'ahle, that 
cannot he. frozen ; qel'id, extremely cold, 
gel'atine, or <7e/7y, or 

cowgeaV, v. gelat'inous, a. jc^'ty, n. 

cxyngeal'ahle, a. gel'id, a. gel lied, a. 

coT\gearment, n. ^f/lcliiess, n. incon^r^'^'able, a. 

congcla'lion, n. higd'ahle, a. 

gel'dble, a. 

Gemin-uS;, a. double, twain : as,, ^e^W2e//«p'arous, bear- 
ing twins ; gem'inoM?,, douhle. 
c.ongemhin'lion,n. gemina't'ioxx, n. gem'inons, a. 
gemell'ip'ci.rous,a. \\gem'ini, n. pi. ingem'inate, v.Sca. 

gcm'my, n. ingemina'iion, n. 

* Apogccr^n, apogee, or apogeum, "& point in the heavens, in which tlie 
Bun, or'a pl.met, is at the greatest distance possible from the earth in its 
f 'hole revolution. The ancient astronomers regarding the earth as \l\e 
tcntre of the system, chiefly regarded the apogcuon and perigceon, which 
tiie moderns, making the sun the centre, change for the aphelion and 
perihelion " — Chambers. Hyptogeum, parts of a building under ground, as 
ecllars ai"d vaults. 

t Geodcesia, the art of measuring surfaces or land. 

% Geometrp, originally, signifies the art of measuring the earth, or any 
distances or dimensions on or within it ; but it i*; now used for the science 
of quantity, ex tens on, or magnitude, abstractly considered, without any 
regard to matter. Geometry is usually divided into the speculative and 
praclical ; the former of which contemplates and treats of the properties 
of continued quantity abstractedly ; and the latter applies these specula- 
tions and theorems to use and practice." — Harris. 

\ Gemini, the (wins. Castor and VoUux ; the third sign in the Zodiac. 

GEM 221 GEN 

Gem.m-a, f. 1. a bur^ ; a gem or precious stone : as, 

gem'm^xj, pertaining to gems qy jewels. 

gem, n. & v. (/emmif^erons, a. gem'meous, a. 

c/em'my, a. gem'maxy, a. gemmos'hj, n. 

Genea {yiviac, a yivn) or y.vofAut, to he horri), a gene- 
ration, a birth, a descent, a faynilg or race: as, ge- 
neaV ogy, the knowledge o^ families ; YiOTCioge'neoMS, 
having the same nature oy principles ; geneth' lines, 
the science of calculating nativities; \X\Qog'onY, the 
generation of the gods. 

s.\\toge'neB\, a. homog'eriY, n. 

cosmog'ony, n. 

eosmo^owist, 7i. gonoxxhoi'a,, n. hoxnoge'neoViS, a. 

geneaVogy, n. hetoxoge'neaX, a. homo^e'neousness, 

genea\og'[c?i\, a. hQioxogene'ity , ?i. *hy'dTogen, v. 

geneaVogist, n. heteroge'neous, a. theog'ony, qi. 

Gen'esis, n. homo^^'n^al; a. 'ni'trogen, n. 
geneth'liacs, n. *ox'ygen, n. 

geneihli'acal, a. 

GENIT-L^s, p. p. (a gigao), begotten, bred. (See Genus.) 
Geni-c/s, m. 2. {a geno or gignO;,) a guardian angel ; 

a turn of mind ; a person of tcdent. (See Genus.) 
GenSj gent-is, f. 3. (« genus), that which is begotten ; 

a family, a nation, tribe or clan. (See Genius.) 
Genu, n. 4. the knee: as, y^^zwflec'tion, the act of 

bending the knee. 

genie ula'tlon, n. ^enwAec'tion, ». 
genic'ul&t&A, a. 

* H;/d/-ogen , literally, a generator of water ; chemically, a gas, combined 
v/ith oxi/gen , T^roducing water ; then called inflammable air, and forms 
the gas-lights. Nitrogen, a generator of nitre in its gaseous state; and 
constitutes four-fifths of atmospheric air. It extinguishes flame and ani- 
mal life. Oxygen, a generator of acids. It is essential to life and combus- 
tion, constituting one-fifth of atmospheric air, and exists in most vegetable 
and animal products, acids, salts, and oxides. Oxygen and Nitrogen are 
gases transparent and colourless, and hence invisible, having neither taste 
nor smell. 

T 2 




C■li:NUIX-L^s•, a. (^ geno or gigno^ u. 3. to beget), natu- 
ral, not spurious ; frank, noble. (See Genus.) 
GenuSj er-is, n. 3. (a geno or gigno, v. 3. ?o ^e^e^ or 
bring forth), a race oi'desce?2t; a family, a hind or 
sort: asj ^<^gen' er^i%, to fall from the virtue q{ an- 
cestors, or from its kind ; geii'der, sex or kind ; 
gen'ei'aly belonging to a whole tribe, {common or 
usual) ; gen'eroXizQ, to reduce to a genus ; gen'- 
erous, of noble birth or mind, {liheral) : ge'ni2\., 
tending to propagation or cheerfulness, (natural) ; 
gen'uine, of one's oian j^^'oduction, {not spurious 
or vitiated, real.) 
kin'y a. gen'ers^sh'v^, n. 

cowge'ner, n. ffeneraX'ity, n. 

congen'ersiCy, n. 

Qongeu'erouS; a. gen'eralize, v. 

congen'eronsnesi,)! gen'e7'a\iza.tion, n. gen' tile, n. & «. 
conge'nial, ge?i'era\issiYno, n. gen'tUish, a. 

gener'ic, a. 
conpe'?tialness, n. gener'ical, a. 
conge niaVity, n. gener'icaUy, ad. 
cougen'ife, a. gen'erah\e, a. 

Aege n'er ate, V. & a. gen'erant, 
degen'erately, ad. gen'erate, v. 
di'gen'erateness, n. genera'lion, n. 
d'^gcnera'tion, n. gen'eraiive, a. 
degen'eracy, n. gen'erator, n. 
degen'ei'ous, a. gen'erows, a. 
de^^/t'erously, ad. ge7i'ero\x%\y.) ad. 
dx^'xngea'itowi^, a. gen'eronsnc^i^, n. 
dh'mge u'uou&ly .ad . genero^i'ity, u. 
Ah'iagen'iiousncss, ge'niaX., a. 
d.\^\L\genu'iiy, n. 

ge'mo.) n. 

ge'n'ms, n. 

gen'iial , n. 

genitive, a. 

gen'itor, n. 

gen'itnxe, n. 
genteel', a. 
genteel'ly, ad. 
genteel'nes,s, n. 

gen'tilism, n. 
gentil'ity, n. 
gentiliti'ous, a. 
gen'tilize, v. 
gen'lle, a. 
gen'tly, ad. 
gen'tleness, n. 

erigen'der, v. 
geu'der, n. & ii. 
gen'eral, a. & n. 
gen'erally, ad. 
f/f'Ji'ei'alnea^, n. 

geii'lleman, n. 
gen'tlewoman, n. 
gtn' llemanlike, a. 
gen'tlemaxily, a. 
geji' tlernaiiliness, n 
geti'try, n. 
gen'uine, a. 
gen'uinely, ad. 
gen'uiiieaess, n. 
ge'niis, n. 
ingeu'der, v. 
ingen'derer, »• 




ingen'erahle, a. priino^e'/tial, a. ux^genleeVy a. 
higen'erate, a.&v. primo^f^n'i^ure, n. wagen'tle, a. 
\ngen'era.ieA., a. 

'mgemow?,, a. 

inge'nio\x&\y, ad. 

in(7e'niousness, n. 

in'genite, a. 
*mgen'uon%, a. 

mgen'uo\x^\y , ad. 

in^en'tfousness, n. 

ingenu'iiy, n. 

omu\g'enou^, a. 

\ir\gen't\y, ad. 
jivog'eny, n. ungen'lleness, n. 

"pioge/i'itOTy n. un^^n-7/emanlikeja. 

regen'era.te, v.&a. uugen'tlemaxily, a. 
vegen'erateness, n. uni^en'i/ure, rt. 
•\xegencra'tion, n. unin^e'nious, a. 
xnngeu'erattdi, a. unin^n'MOus, a. 
wngen'erative, a. \xaxegen'eracy, n. 
ungen'erovL^, a. unxegen'erate, a. 
unge'nial, a. 

Germen, m-is, n. 3. a spi'out or shoot, a branch : as, 

ger'mindX^, to sprout, to bud. 

ger^minant, a. germina'lion, n. 

ger'man, n. & a. ger'minaiQj v. Tegermina'iioii, n. 

germ, n. 
Ger-Oj v. 3. to bear or carry, to bring : as, heUig'er- 

entj carrying on war ; vice^e'rent, one who carries 

on or i'ules for another^ {a lieutenant^ ; suggest', 

to bring under, {to hint, to intimate) ; ingesf, to 

throw into the stomach. 

aVig'erons, a. 
astri^'e»-ous, a. 

belli<7'^rentj a. 

conge'ries, n. 
congest', v. 

con^^s^'ible, a. 
conges'tion, it. 
corni^'erous, a. 
crini^erous, a. 
cruci^V?'Ous, a. 

X^Wgesl', V. 

diges'ted , a . 
d'lges'ier, n. 
diges'tihle, a. 
diges'tion, n. 
d\ges'tiVQ, a. Sen. 
egesf, v. 

* Ingenious and ingenuous, literally, being in-horn ; the former respects 
the genius or mental poivers which are in-born, the latter respects the no- 
bleness of character which is in-horn. 

\ Regeneration, the act of begetting again ; new birth ; birth 6;/ grace 
from canial to holy affections. " Not by works of righteousness which we 
have done, but according to his meic;/ he saved us, by the wasliing of >«;- 
generation and renewing of the Holy Ghost." — Titus lii. 5. 

ij: Digest', V. literally, to carry asunder, to distribute, or to bring ivhut is 
asunder and net it in order ; to range methodically ; to concoct in the sLo- 
macli, so as that the various particles of food may be applied to their j)ro- 
per use ; to apply knowledge by meditation to its proper use. Di'i^est, n. the 
pandect or volume of civil law, containing the opimoas of the aiicient 




eges'tion, n. 
ffe'rent, a. 
(7^/''und, 11. 

ges'iic, a. 
yesta'tion, n. 
ges'tatory', a. 
gesiic'ula,te, v. 
gesticiila't\on, n. 
gestic'\i\a.tor, n. 

gesiic'ulaXoxy, a. 
ges'ture, n. 
jest, n. & " 
je^'ter, n 

ind\ges'ted, a. 
indi^^^A^ible, a. 
indige^'lion n,. 

lani_gf'grous, a. 

morip'erous, n. 
predi^^^Vion, ri. 
suggest', V. 
sugges'ieT, n. 
^ugges'tion, n. 
undi^^5'/ed, a. 
vicege'rent, n.&.a, 
ingestion, n. vicege'rency, n. 

Ger-ox (ysg&'v), old man. — *geroc'ovny, n. ^erocom'ieal, « 

Gest-[7.s^ p.p. (a gcro), carried, borate. (See Go'o.) 

GiBB-vs, m. 2. a sicelling, a hunch on the back, 
gib'bous, a. gib'bousneis, n. gibbos'ity, n. 

GiGAS,aYit-is, m. ^. a giant: as,gigan'tiCf\ikea giant, 
gi'ant, n. gi'antshi-p, n. 

gVantess, n. gi'antryy n. gigante'an, a. 

gi'antlike, a. gigan'tic, a, 

GiKGiv-A, f. 1, the gum of the teeth — gin'givoX^ a, 
Glaci-es, /. 5. (a gelii), ice : as^ gla'cial, of ice, icy. 

congla'ciate, v. gla'cvA, a. glacia'tiou, n. 

conglacia'tion, n. gla'ciate, v. gla'cious, a. 

GiAm-uSy m. 2. (« clades, /. 3. slaughter), a sicord • 
OS,, gladia'tov, a sicoi'd-'^X^yeY, a 'pnze-Jighter. 

gla'diatory, a. 
digladia'tion, n. gladia'ior, n. gladiato'riah a. 

Glans^ gland-?5j /. 3. {/3:c?iuvog'), anacor7i; a, gland.' 
aSj gkm'dular, pertaining to the glands. 

gland, n. glandi^'erons, a. glan'dvlar, a. 

•fglan'ders, n. glau'diform, a. glau'dulous, a. 

glan'dered, a. glau'dule, n. 

* " Gerocomy (from yejwf, an nld man, and ccmeo, z-ou-iui, to talie care of,) 
ts tliat part of medicine which treats of the proper regimen to bt olMerved 
in old age." — Johnson's Diet, by Todd. 

t Glanders, a disease incident to horse, aninningof corrupt matter JVom 
the nose, being white, yellow, green, or bl2.,.k, accoraing to its malignity. 

GLE 225 GLU 

Gleb-^J;, f. \. a clod, a turf. 

glebe, n. gle'bous, a. d^^^yi d' 

Glob-uSj m. 2. a globe, a round body, a ball', as, con- 

glo'bidoXe,'^ to gather together into a littie round mans 

conglobe', v. globe, n. glob'ule^ n. 

conglo'bate, v. & a. glo'bated, a. glob'ulax, a. 

conglo'bately, ad. glo'bous, a. glob'ulous, a. 

cortgloba'iion, n. globose', a. glo'by, a. 
*conglo'bulate, v. globos'iiy, n. 

Glom-c/s, ^\'-is, n. 3. a clue ovball: as, conglom'er&ie. 
to gather mto a ball, (Uke a ball of thread.) 

agglom'erate, v. coiiglom'erate,v8ia.glom'erate, v. 
af^glo-mcra'tion, n. conglomera'iion, n. glom'erous, a. 

Glori-a, f. I. glory, honour, r.nown: as, glo'rify, to 

procure or pay honour ox praise. 

diii>glo'r'dy, v. xnglo'rions, a. 

glo'ry, n. glo'rify, v. in^/oViously, a.i. 

^/o'rious, a. gloriUca'tion, n. iuglo'riousness, n. 
gto'riously, ad. unglo'tiiiad, a. 

Gloss-^ (yXaa-iru). the tongue, language : as, glos'savji 
a dictionary of obscure or antiquated words. 

•fe-p\glot'iis, n. glos'sarist, n. glossog'ra-phy, n. 

gloss, n. & V. glos'sy, a. glossog'ta^her, n. 

glos'sex, n. glos'sine&s, n. glot'tis, n. 

glos'saxy, n. i^oVyglot, a. & n. 

glossa'rial, a. 

Gluten, in-is, n. 3. a viscous body, '^glue : as, con~ 
glu'ti7iaiQ, to glue together, {to cement.) 
agglu'tinate, v. aggluCina' (ion, n. agghi'tinani, a. 

* '• Swallows certainly sleep all the winter, as a number of them congCa- 
bulate together, by flying round and round, and then all in a heap throw 
themselves under v/ater, and lie in the bed of a river." — Johnson, in Bos- 
well's Life ofJnhns(m. That swallows lie all winter in the bed of a river, 
is very doubtful, if not untrue. The common oeiief is, that they migrate, 
like other birds of passage, to a warmer climate, as Africa, &ic. 

t Epiglottis, " the thin moveable cartilage, in the form of a little tongue, 
which covers the aperture of the wiiid-pipe." — Ash. 


226 GNO 

glu'er, v. 

ngglu'tinat'we, a. fflu'tinate, u. 

con(/lu'tina.te,v.Sia.glue'-hoileT, n- glu'tinous^ a- 

conffluiiiia'don, n. glu'ey, a> ^^M^inousness, n. 

conglu'ti7iati\e, a. glutinos'ity, n- 

conglutina' tox, n. glv.'eynef,?,, n. glulina'tion, n. 

glue^ n. &. v. glu'tinatiwe, a. 

• <7/u'ish, a, unglue', v. 

Ghu T -1 0, V. i. to swallow : ^s, glut'tonouB,, given to 
excessive eating ; \glut't(m, one who eats to excess. 

AeglutiiVon, n. -fglut'ion, n. glut'ionouslyf ad. 

glut, V. & n. glut' tonons, a. glut'tony^ n. 

Glypho {y>.v(p6}), to carve or engrave : as, hiero- 
gb/pk'ic, an emhlem, or the art of writing in pic- 
ture; on'o-glyph, an ornament \s-^ sculpture ; glgpio- 
g'raphy^ a description of the art ol engraving on gems. 

(in'aglyph, n. glgp'tic, n. hieYQglt/ph'ic,n.&a. 

■anaglvph'ic, a. glyplog'rs:p\\y, n. hiQxoglyph'icaX, a. 

glyph^ n. glyptograjih'ic, a. hieroglyph'ically ,ad 

glyph'ic, n. hieroglyph, n. 

Gnomon {yvuf^m from yvoa, yivao-Ku, to knoic), a thing 
that serves to nttike known, or indicates : as, gno- 
moVogy, a collection of maxims and reflections ; 
gno'mon, the hand ox p)in of a dial ; i^YQgnos'ticdX^, 
to iQXttell, to ioxQ^show. 

gnomo\og'\Q,aS., a. gnomon'ical, a. 

gno'mon, n. XGnos't'ic, a. & n. 

(/Momol'ogy, n. gnomon'ics, n. gjios'iichm, n. 

gnomolog'ic, a. gnomou'ic, a. pathoi/7iOmo/i'ic, a. 

* Glue, " a viscous body commonly made by boiling the skins of animals 
to a jelly ; any viscous or tenacious mutter, by which bodies are held one 
to another; cement." — Johitson. 

\ Glutton, a cmining voi-acious animal, larger than a badger, which in- 
habits Europe, Asia, and America, and preys on the carcases of hares, 
mice, &c., hence any one who eats much is called a glutton. 

X Gnostics, those " who, as the fathers tell us, sprang from Simon Ma- 
gus, and pretended to extraordinary knowledge and illumination j whence 
fhcv had the name of Gnostics."— Tillotson's S&tm. 

GNO 227 GOR 

*physiog'nomY, n. Y^rognos'llc,a.8c7i. pro/7«os#2ca7ior), ». 
pro^/io.^'/icable, a. 'pxognos'ticator, n. 
physiop'womist, n. -prognos'ticate, v. 

Gnor-i/s for Gnar-us, a. knowing. 

i^'norant, a. ig'noi-ance, n. i^'-nora'mus, n. 

ig'norantly, ad. 

Gnost-os (yvacTTog), known, madehiown. (SeeGnomon.) 
GoNiA (yanx), an angle or corner : as^ 'dia/onvd, 
through t//e angles or corners ; oc'tago??, a figure 
of eight angles; \x\gonovL)! <^ix^ , the art of measur- 
ing triangles, or figures of three angles. 

diaij'^onal, n. & n hexa^'o7ial, a. p^A'ygon^ n. 

dia^'onally, ad. nan'agon, n. poly^'onal, a. 

dec'a^on, n. nona^'onal-, a. tet'raifo?*, n. 

dodec'a^on, n. oc'iagon, n. tp.ixag'onai, a. 

eiidLec'-dgon, n. octa^'o?ial, a. tn'gon, n. 

goniom'eter, n. or'tho5"on, n. irxg'on&i, a. 

gonio\-net'xica\ a. ortho^'onal, a. irSgonoxaf eixy, ?i. 

he-p'tagon, n. ox'y^o7i, n. tri^onomet'rical, a. 

hepta^'07/al, a. pen'iagon, n. undec'a^ow, n. 

hcx'agon, n. peniag'o)t,a\, a. 

GoN-os (/ova?, a yivu, to beget'), progeng. (See Genea.) 
GoRDi-t7S,t m. 2. a Phrggian king — gor'dioii, a. 
Gorgon,;}: {yo^yav), a monster with snaky hairs, of 

which the sight turned beholders to stone; Medusa; 

a terrific object, 
"^gor'gon, n. gorgo'nian, a. 

* Vhysiognomy, the art of di.tcovei-ing tne temper, and foreTtnoivrng the 
fortune by the fentures of ihe face ; the face, tfie cast of the look. 

t A Ph7-ygian husbandman, made king by the oracle of Apollo ; who is 
said to have then tied up liis utensils of husbandry in the temple, and in 
a knot so intricate, that no one could find out where it began or ended. 
It was pretended, that whoever should loose this knot, should be king of 
all Asia. Alexander the Great, without staying to untie it, cut it with his 
sword. Hence tlie Gordiun knot, came to express any thing dijjicult or 

X Corgones, three celebrated sisterF, daughters of Phorcys and Ceto, 
wlicse names were Stheno, Euri,ule, and Medusa, all immortal except 




GoTTH-ij m. 2. a celebrated nation of ancient Ger 
many, leho were savage icarriors. 

goth'ic, n. & a. golh'icize, v. ffoth'icism, n. 


Gourmand, m. (Fr.) a cjlutton, a greedy eater. 

gor'mand^ or gor'mand ize, or gor'manfieT, n. 

gour'mand, n. gour'mandize,vSLn.gor'mandizeT, n. 

Gracil-I5, a. lean, slender, small, 
gmc'ile, a. graciViiy, n. 

Gradi-or, dep. 3. (a gradus, m. 4. a step), to go step 
by step : as, deg7'ade', to go or bring a step down, 
{to place lower) ; aggress', to go to, {to assault or 
begin the quarrel); grad'uaie, to go step by step, 
or mark with degrees, (to dignify with, or take an 
academical degree) ; ^xansgress' , to pass over or 
bej^ond, {to violate or break) ; -pvogres'siye, go'mg 

■ forward. 

aggress', v. & n, 
aggressl'on, n. 
aggres'sive, a. 
aggres'soT, n. 
aVtigrade, a. 
cong'ress, n. 
congres'sive, a. 
degrade', v. 
degrade'ment, n. 
degrada't'ion, n. 
degrad'ingly, ad. 
degree', n. 
digress'., v. 
digression, n. 
digressi'ona\, a. 
digres'sive, a. 
di gres'siveiy, ad. 

egress, n. -progressi'on, n. 

egressi'on, n. -progressi'onsl, a. 

grade, n. -^rogres'sive, a. 

grnda'tion, n. -progres'sively, ad. 

grad'atory, n.&a. -progres'sivenesSjU. 

gra'dient, a. le'gress, n. 

grad'ual, a. & n. regressVon, n. 

grad'uaWy, ad. 
grad'uate, v. & n. 
grad'uateshiTp, n. 
gradua'tion, ii. 
ingre'dient, n. 
m'gress, n. 
ingressi'on, n. 

\)rog'ress, n. 
progress', v. 

Tet'xograde, a&. v. 
vetTOgrada'tion, n. 
TetvGgressi'on, n. 
subin<7re.9si'on, n. . 
transgress', v. 
transgressi'on, n. 
trcinsgres'sor, n. 
transgres'sive, a. 
undirgrad'uate, n. 

GRA 229 GRA 

Grject-a, f. 1. (y^eiixioi), Greece, a celebrated penin- 
sular country on the south-east of Europe. 

Greece, n. gre'che^ v. ^reek'ish, a. 

Gre'cian, n. & a. gre'chm, n. greek']xxig, n.^ 

gre'ciamze, v. Greek, n. & a. 

Gramen^ 111-25, 71. 3. grass : as, gramin'eoMa,, grassy, 
gramin'eous, a. gr amini\'oio\is, a, 

Gp.amm-^ {y^x/nf^a, a. y^aipa, to Write), a writing, a 

letter, literature. (See Grapho.) 
Grand-iSj a. great, lofty : as_, ag'grandiz^, to make 

great; grand, great, splendid ; grandii' (d^ows,, 

using lofty words. 

2i^grandize, v. grand'Yaoth&c, n. grandee'ship, n. 

ag'grandizer, n. grand'sou, n. grari'deur. n. 

grand'child, n. 

grand, a, gj-and'she, n. grandif'ic, a. 

grandly, ad. gran'dam, n. grand'i\'o(i\xex\ce,n. 

grand'ness, n. grandee', n. grandiVoqnow.^, a. 

grayid'{aX\\er, n. 

Grando, m-is, f. 3. hail — gran' dinow^, a. 
GRAN-uiW, n. 2. a grain of corn : as,^r«7z'ary, a place 
or store-house for threshed corn or grain ; graniN'oi'- 
ous, eafmg grain ; ^ra7^'ulous_, full of little grains. 

grain, n. " granit'ic , a. ^-gj-ajiula'ilon, n. 

grain'ing, n. grardv' or o\x^, a. ^^rip/zade', n. 

grai'ny, a. grau'vle, n. ^?-<?nadier', n. 

gran'axy, n. gran'vloxx^, a. iuffrained', a. 

gran'&ie, or gran'ulax , a. itomegran'ate, n. 

*gran'ite, n. grun'ulnie, v. fi\i'gra7ie, n. 

* Granite, a kind of fine spotted stone or marble; socalledj because con- 
sisting as it were of g-i-ains, or small distinct particles. 

t Granulation, pouring melted metals into cold water, that they may 
divide themselves into grains. 

^ " Grenade, a little hollow globe or ball of iron, or other metal, about 
tvFo inches and a half in diameter, \\iJiich being filled with fine powdi r, is 
sot on fire by means of a small fusee fastened to the touch-hole ; as sooti as 
1 1 is kiniUe'l,tiie case flies into many shatters, much to llie damage of aU 
thit stand near, — Harris. 


GRA 230 GRA 

Graph-o (y^i*<^6j)j to trace lines, to write, to describe' 

as, miGiTioy' raphj , a descriptioii of the wind ; an'- 
tograph, the hon^-^criting of any one, (tfie origi- 
nal, — the opposite of Si^'og7'aph,a copy); biblio^'- 
o'aphY, ^^'■^ description of books or literary history ; 
brachy^'r«/?/zy, short -hand writing ; hi'ero^ra??z or 
hiQi'og'raphy, holy writing ; hyda'og'raphj, the de- 
scription of water ; litho^'r<7;j/!y, writing upon 
stone ; OY\X\og'raphy, con*ect writing of words ; 
'polyg'raphj, writing in many unusual ways ; 
graph'xz, well described or delineated, or relating 
to engraving. 

SieTog'raphy, n. diuioh'iog' raphy, n. cacog'raphy, n. 

adenoff 'raphy, n. au'tograph, n. calig'raphy, n. 

affram'matist, u, antog'raphy, n. caligraph'ic, a. 
*^aii'agram, n. auto^'-Va/j/ial, a. chalcog'raphy, n. 

anagram'matist, n. a\\,iograph'ica\, a. cha^cog'rajjher, n. 
* anagram' mati?,Ya^n'\)\h\\og'raphy, n. (Axir'ograph, n. 

anagrammat'ica\.^a.h'\h\iog'raphex,n. 'i^z\\\xog'raphy, n. 

ti)Aagrammat''].caW.y , h'lhWograpWic, a. chixGg'tajihQr, n. 

anagram'madze, v. hihliograph'ical, a. chorog'raphy, n. 

anemog'raphy, n. hiog'raphy, n. chorog'rapher, n. 

•faiigiog'rajihy, n. hiog'rapher, n. choro^Tajo/i'ical, a. 

ap'ograph, ». biq^ra/j^'ical, a. cYiorograph'icaWy, 

hxachyg'raphy ,n. || christiano^'rojo^y, 

asittog'raphy, ii. hTac\iyg'raphex^n.^c\\Ton\aiog'raphy,iu 

* " Anagram, anagram matifm, or metagrammatistn , is a dixsnhifwji of 
a name into its letters, as its eleirients, and a new connexion of it by arti- 
ficial ttansposition, without addition, subtraction, or change of any letter 
into different words, ir.akhig syme perfect sense applicable to the person 
named."— Camden. 

t Angiography, a description of vessels in the human body ; viz. nerves, 
veins, arteries, and lymphatics. 

% Chirograph;/, literally, hand-writing, the art of tvriting. Chirograph, 
formerly, a deed, requiring a counterpart, engrossed twice upon the same 
piece of parchment, cut through the middle ; the same as chat ter -part y : 
also, a fine. Chirographer, a writer, and by way of distinction, the officer 
in the common pleas who engrosses fine ^. 
S Christianography, a desa-iption of the nations professing Chrietianity, 

§ Chro7natograpf,«/, is a descriptio)i of colours; from Ch/oma, -atvs, 
(x?*.'**' -oitot), colour: as, chrotnatic, relating to colour. 




"chvou'ogram, n. gramma'ri&n, n. \e-&\co^raph-&Vy n, 
ch-TOXiogrammat'- grammat/ic, a. Vithog'raphy, it. 
ical, a. grammat'ical, a. I'nhog'rapher, n. 

chionogram'maiistygrmyimat'iciiUy, ad. litho^^rajc^'ic, a. 
chionog'raphy, n. grammalica'iion,n. metagram' mutism^ 
chTonog'rapheT,7i. gram'madst, 7i. xnetuWog'raphy, n. 
coxxiQiog' raphy, n. grammat'icise, v. 
cosmog'raphy, n. graph'ic,a. 
cosmog'7'apher, n. gyaph'ical, a. 
cosmogi-aph'icixl, a. grapk'ically, ad. 
ciyptos^'raphy, n. ^raphoxxi'eitr, n. 
cxyitsWog'raphy yH- grave, v. 
'^(ii'agram, n. hagiog'rapha, n. 

•y^v&graph'icsil) a. hagiog'raphy, n. 

hagiog'raphal, a. 

hd.giog'raphQx, n. 

hVtxogram, n. 

\\\Qxogrammat'\c, a.o\ixa,nog'rapky , n. 
eT^igrammat''\Cd\,a. \\\QTOgram'matiii,n-^a.x\.'tograph, n. 
e'pigram'mati^t, n. \nexog'raphy, n. ^■^ax'agraph, 11. 
"^eip'igraph, n. hiexograph'ic, a. -paxagraph'ical, a. 

e[hnog^ra2}hy , n. hiexogi-aph'ical, a. parallel'o^yam, n. 

Yiiitoxiog'raphj, n. -paraHelogram'ical^ 

hiatoxiog'raphex, n. -phytog'raphy, n. 

horog'raphy, n. -poVygram, n. 

hoxo\og\og' ra phy ,n.i^(Ayg'raphy , n. 
geograph'icaWy , ad.hoxoXogiograph'ic, apsalmog'raphy, n. 
glossog'raphy, n. hydxog'raphy, ib. psalmo^Va/;7iist, ?i. 
glossogVojt^Aer, 11. hyAxog^raphiix, n. p^ewdog'rapky, n. 
gly ptog'raphy, n. ichnog'raphy, n. scenog'raphy , n. 
glyptograpfi'ic, a. ichxiograph'ical, a. scenograpk'ica\,a. 
||^"ram'»jarj it. iconog'raphy, n. scenograph'icaViy, 

gram'max-sc\io6l,7i.\exicog'raphy, n. selenog'raphy, n. 

exxgrceve', v. 
txigra'vtx, n. 
Xep'igram, n. 
epigrammat'iCy a. 

ethxiograph'ic, a. 
geog'raphy, n. 
geog'rapkex, n. 
geog7-aph'ical, a. 

microg'raphy, n. 

xximiog'raphGT, n. 
xnon'ogram, n. 
moviog' rammaX.^ a. 
xnyog'raphy^ n. 
xiomog'raphy, n. 
oxiYiog'raphy, n. 
oxXhcig'raphtx, n. 
ox\hograph''\CdX^ a. 

* Chru7wgi-am, an insei iption, including the date of any action. 

t Diagram, a delineation of geometrical figures ; a scheme drawn by way 
of illustrating any thing; a mathematical scheme. Itiagi-apMcal, dessriptive. 

X Epigram, originally, an insa-iptiun , now a short ^oe»i, terminating in 
a point. Kpigraph, a title or inscription. 

li Grammar, the art of speaking and writing truly or correctly, accord- 
ing to the rules established by custom and the authority of good writers. 
See the Author's Outlines of English Grammar. 
^Graphometei' , a stirvet/ing instrument. 
% Payagrapli, something icritten bs:ide ; a distinct part of a diacow-c. 




stegauo^'r«pAy,n, *teyQgraph, n. typograph'ical, a-. 

steganoff'rQpheT,n. topog'raphy, n. ty^ograph'ic?iMy ,ad 

stenog'raphy, n. topog'raphev, n. -aylog'raphy, n. 

stenog'raphev, n. to-pograph'ica.], a. loog'raphy, n. 

steTeog'raphy, n. typog'raphy, n. zoog'rapheT, n. 
stereop'rapheT, 71. tyjtog'rapher, n. 

ORA.Ti-A,f.\. (a gratuS;, a. p'ateful),/avou7', ^ratitudei 
thankfulness : as, p'a'cious, full of favour, {kind, 
becoming); grat'ify, to ra^e gi-ateful, {to indulge^ 
to please) ; gra'tis, freely, {hv nothing,) 

^gree', v. 
agreed', a. 
agree'ahle, a. 
&gree'ah\y, ad. 
agree'ahleuitss, ?i. 

disgi-ace'fulness, n. gratu'itous, a. 
disgra'cious, a, gralu'iionsly, ad. 

grace, n. & y. 
grac&d', a. 
grace'fal, a. 
grace' fully, ad. 
grace'£\xlness, n. 
graceless, a. 
grdce%ss\y, ad. 
grace^essness, n. 

agree'inevit, n. 
agree'ing , a . 
agree'ingne^s, n. 
congrat'ulate, v. 
congratula'iion, n. Gra'ces, n 
covigratula'tor, n. gra'ciou?; a. 
congratulatory, a. gra'cionsly, ad. 
congrai'ulant, a. gra'cioasness, n 
disagree', v. grate'inl, a. 

disagree' iTieni, n. 
di'iagree'ahlQ, a. 
disagree' ahly, ad. 
dhgrace', n. &, v. 
dii^gra'cer, n. 
dligrace'^al, a. 

grate'fixlly, ad. 
grate'fulness, n. 
grai'ify, V. 
grat'iRer, n. 
grati&ca'tion, n. 
gra'tis, ad. 
dhgrace'iVillY, ad. grat'itudQ, n. 

Gravis, a. heavy, weighty : as, ag'yr^tJate, to make 
heavy, (to make any thing worse) ; grav'itoXe, to 
tend to the centre of attraction. 

ag'gravaie, v. aggrava'tion, tu 

gratu'ity, n. 
greet, v. 
gree'ter, n, 
greet'ing, n. 
ingrate, a. 

ingrate'iul, a. 
in^ra^e'fully, ad. 
mgrate'fulwQ^s, n, 
ingrat'iinde, n. 
ingra'tiaiQ, v. 
ingra'tiatmg, n. 
Mngrace'fnl, a. 
un^race'fully, ad. 
un^race'fulnesSj a. 
ungra'cious, a. 
ungrate' £\il, a. 
ungrate'fuWy, ad. 
un^ra/e'fulness, n. 
ungrat'i^ed, a. 

* " Telegraph, an instrument that answers the end of writing by convev- 
Ing intelligence to a distance, through the means of signals." — Masoti, 




aggrieve', v. 
grave, a. 
grave'ly, ad. 
grave'ness, ii. 
grav'id, a. 

^^raoid'ity, n. 
*ffravim'eter, n. 

grav'itate, v. 
•fgravita'iion, n. 
■Xgrav'ity, n. 

grief, n. 

firief'lesSj a. 

grieve, v. 

the lap, the bosom- 

grieo cr, ii, 

grie'vsaice, n. 
grie'viugly, ad. 
grie'vous, a. 
grie'vously, ad. 
grie'vousiness, n. 
ingrav'ida.te, v. 

-(fve'mmX, a. 

Gremi-d"3/j n. 2. 

Gress-uSj p. p. {n gradior)^ going or stepping. (See 

Grex,, m. 3. a flock, a herd : as^, grega'i-ioxi^, 
going in flocks or herds ; cong'?'egate, to flock toge- 
ther, (^0 assemble) ; egi-e'giows, out of, or selected 
from the flock, {eminent'). 

ag'greg^^te,a.n.Si.v. congrega' don, n. grega'rian, a. 
ag'gregntely, ad. congrega'tional, a. grega'rious, a. 
aggrega'tion, n. egre'gions, a. gi-ega'i-iousiy, ad. 

B.g'gregati\e, a. cgre'giou^\y, ad. grega'riousness, n. 
ag'gregator, n. tgre'gio\x?.nQss, n. seg'regate, v. & a. 
coag'regate, v. & a. gre'gal, a. segrega'tion, n. 

Griph-OS (ygi^'o?;, d 7^<7roj/( 7iet) ,a riddle — \\\o^ogrtphe. 

* Grnvidation or gravida u, state of being with child, pregnancy. Gra- 
vi meter, an instrument for measuring the specific gravities of bodies. 

■f Gravitation, the act of tending to the centre ; the pressure that a body, 
by the force of its gravity, exerts on another body under it. It is tliat spe- 
cies of attraction which o^ierates among bodies though placed at a remote 
distance, with a force proportioned to the quantity of matter contained in 
these bodies ; such as the /a//i»;g- of a stone to the ground. It is different 
from Cohesion, — a species of attraction whidi operates among the small par- 
ticles of the same bodies when brought into close proximity to each other, 
causing them to unite, and when united, retaining them in that state. 
The particles of a slate are kept together by means of this pro]ierty. And 
it is different from Chemical attraction, which is that force by which the 
particles of different bodies are intimately united, so as to form a i.ew sub- 

if. " Gravity, that quality by which all heavy bodies tend toivards the cen- 
tre, acceleratinsr their motion the nearer they aj>proach towards it, true 
philosophy has shewn to be unsolvable by any hypothesis, and resolved it 
into the immediate will of the Creator." — Quincy. 

II Logogriphe, an enigma, a riddle, or captiovs question, proposed fo 
students at entertainments, for solution, in order to exercise and impro^■e 
the mind ; those who failed in gi^ing an explanation, were subjected w a 

u 2 




Gkus, gni-t's, m.oTf.3. a crane, a bird: as, cor\gru- 
ity, a coming or agreeing together, as cranes or 
birds do in a flock. 

con^'rwence, n. coxig'Tuow?., a. 

coug'ruency ., n. con^'rwously, ad. 

con^^Vueiit, a. discongru'hy, n. 

congru'ity, n. incoiigru'ity, n. 

incon^'r«ent, a. 
incon^Vwous, a. 
incon^'TTf ously, ad. 

GuARANT-i« for Garant-ir, v. (Fr.) to guard, to 
secure, to undertake to secure the performance of 
a treaty or stipidation : as, guarantQQ' , to answer 

for performance ; war' rant, to support, autJiorise, 

justify, or secure. 

guarantee', or nnwar'rayitshXQ- war'rantahly, ad. 

gu<iranty',n.Si.v. ness, ra. zwarVan^ablenesSj/i. 

yxnguaranteed.' ^ a. wxiwar' ranted, a. war'rantex, n. 

•axiwar'rantaXAQ, a. war'rant, v. & «. war'ranty, n 

unwar'rantdMiy ,ad.war'ra7itah\Q.t a. 

Gv AKD-ER for Gard-er, v. (Fr.) to keep, to watch, to 
protect, defend : as, guar'dian, one who has the 

care of an orphan, or of any thing ; war' den, a 

keeper, a head officer 
guard, n. & v. 

guar dah\e, n. guar'didOi^hvp, n. 

gua'rdedly, ad. guard'ivX, a. 
guard'eAnts%, ih guard'less, a. 
guar'dtr., n. 
guar'diau, n. & a. unguard'ed, a. 

GuBERN-0, V. 1. to govern, rule, or manage : as, goo'* 
ernoY, one who rides or manages. 

gov'ernYCiexit., n. mis^ou'emment, ?i. 

un^ot'Vrnable, a. 
gubernato'r]?\, a. m-\gov'erna.h\y, ad. 
guber'nat'vie, a. wngov'erriQA., a. 

Mnguar'dm^y^ ad. 
wardy V. & n. 
war'den, n. 
ward'ex, n. 
tfarcf'ship, n. 
ward'iohe, n. 

gov em, v. 

gov'ernor, n. 
gov'crness, n. 
^oy'er/z able, a 
gov'ernance, n. 

G URGES, Jt-?s. n.. 3. a whirlpool, a gulf 

gorge, n. & v 

xngtir'gitAie, v. ing'frgila'tion, n. 

'^' GUS 235 OVR 

GvsT-us, m. 4. a sense of tasting, a taste, a relish . 
as, gusia't\OT\, the act of tasting ; gus'to, the relish 
of any thing. 

gusty n. gust^ess, a. 

degusta'tion, n. ^t*5'/able, a. & r. gus'lo^ n. 
clisA'ws^', n. & u. 

dis^wifingly, ac?. ^m^/TuI, a. pre^W5/a'/ion, n. 

dis^w^i'ful, a. ^'Mf^'fulness, 7i. 

GuTT-^j /. 1. a drop — gut'ttx, n. ^wi7ulous, a. 
GuTTUR, n. 3. the throat. 

gut'fural, a. gui'turalness, n, 

Gymn-os (yy^»05)j naked: asJyym^^«s'ricJ* pertaining 
to athletic exercises, 

gym'mCy a. & n. gymna sixxm, n. gymnas'ticaWy, ad. 
gymnos-per'movs,a. gymnas'iic,* a. Sc n. gymnos' ophi&ty-f n. 

Gyn-e, gynsec-os (yvvvij ywxiKo?), a woman: as^ g^- 
nce'cioiij relating to women ; g?/nceoc'YSicy, or gy' 
naichj, female power, (petticoat government.) 

Jandro^'?/nus, n. gy'narchy, n. 
andro^^'^nal, a. misog^yny, n. 

androg-'?/nally, ad. misogynist, n. 

Gyr-L7S, m. 2. iyv^o{), a circle, moving in a circle . 
as, circum'^j/rate, to roll round as in a circle. 
circvLxn'gyrdiie, v. cvccMmgyre', v. gyra'tion., n. 
chc\xmgyra'iion,n. gyre, n. gy'romancy, n. 

* Gymnastics, " contests of agility and strength, of which there were fi ve 
kinds; 1. running (curates) ; 2. leaping (saltus) ; 3. boxing (pugillatii.t) ; 
4. wrestling (lucta) ; and throwing the dart or quoit (disci jactusj ; hence 
called certamen athlcticum, or gijmnicwn, because they contended naked 
iyvf/.toi), with nothing on but trousers or drawers (subligaribus tantum ve- 
lati), whence Gymnasium, a place of eierci^e or a school." — Adam's Rotn. 

f Gymnnsophists, a sect of Indian philosophers ; a name said to be given 
by the Greeks to the Brahmins. But there were African as well as Asiatic 
gyninosophists. They were so called, because these philosophers went 
nearly naked : the word is also used for any philosopher. 

i Androc^ynus, a mnn-tvoman, an hermaphrodite, or one who is both 
male and female, or wlio is castraled ami efieniinate. 





Hab-eo, v. 2. to have, to hold : as, cohab'it, to dwell 
or live together (as husband and wife) ; ^xhib'it, 
to hold out ; mhah'itahle, that may be dwelt in ; 
-^I'ohib'it, to hold forward^ {to forbid, to hinder or 
debar. ^ 

a'ble, a. 
a'bleness, n. 
abil'ity, n. 
<cble-hod'ied, a. 
ad?iib'it, v. 
cohab'it, v. 
cohabitation, n. 
cohib'it, V. 
deb'ile, a. 
debt, n. 
debt'or, n. 
disa'ble, v. 
disa'blement, n. 
disa6«7'ity, n. 
dishabil'ita,te, v. 
dhhab'it, or 
d\?,mhab'it, v, 
disin^aJ'i/ed, a. 

exhibitVon, n. 
^xhibitV oner, n. 
exhib'ilive, a. 
exhib'itovy, a. 
habil'iment, n. 

hab'it, 11. &. V. 
habited', a. 
hab'itahle, a. 
hab'itahleness, n. 

hab'itant, n. 
habita'tion, n. 

mhab'Tle, a. 

mhab'it, v. 
mhab'itahle, a. 

mhab', n. 
inhab'itex, n. 
inhab'itoT, n. 
inhab'itress, n. 
inhabita'tion, n. 
inhib'it, v. 
inhibiti'oTi, n. 
prohib'it, v. 
prohib'iter, n. 
prohibiti'on, n. 
l^rohib'itory, a. 
uninhab'itdhle, a. 
nninhab'ited, a. 
una'ble, a. 
yxna'blemss, w. 

hab'itude, n. 

habit'iiate, v. & a. 
dishabille', a. & «. habit'ual, a. 
ena'ble, v. habit'uaWy, ad. 

exhib'it, v. & n. 
exhib'itoT, n. inabiVity, n. 

Habit-o^ v. 1. (rt habeo), to have often, to dwell in, 

to inhabit. (See Habeo.) 
Habu-um, sup.{a habeo):, to have, to hold. (See llabcG.) 
KABn~u^,p,p. {a \mheo), had of ten, held, (Heellabeo.) 




Hjere-o, v. 2. to stick: as^ ad/iere', to stick to; coAe'- 
sioTij a sticking together ; in^eVent, sticking in- 

inco^eVency, n. 
incoAeVent, a. 
incoAe'rently, ad. 
inhere', v. 
inhe'rence, n. 
hihe'rencj, «* 
inhe'rent, a. 
iiiAeVently, ad, 
in^e'^ion, n. 

adhere', v. cohe'rent, a. 
adhe'rer, n. *cohe's\or\, n. 

ad^eVence, n. cohe's'we, a. 

adAeVency, n. coAe'^ivenesSj n. 
ad^eVent, a. Sc n. hes'itant, a. 
ad/ieVently, ad. hes'itancy, n. 

cohere', v. hes'itate, v. 

cohe'rence, n. hesita'tion, n. 

cohe'rency, n. incohe'rence, n. 

Hmr-es or HereSj ed-is, c. 3. an heir or heiress : as, 
hered'itarj, relating loan heir j{\)j inker ita7ice.) 

coheir', n. heir, n. ^heredit'ament, n. 

cohei'ress, n. heir'ess, n. hered'itary, a. 

d'lsher'it, v. heirless^ a. hered'iianly, ad. 

disher'isou, n. heir'dom, n. 

disheir', or -fheir'loom, n. 

dismher'it, li. heir'ship, n. 

disin^er'won, n. her'itdb\e, a. 

exher'edate, v. her'itage, n. 

exhereda'tion, n. hered'itahle, a. 

inher'it, v. 

inher'itahle, a. 

inher'itance, n. 

inher'itor, n. 

mher'itxts^, or 

inher'itnx, n. 

Hagi-os {Wuyioq), holy, sacred, 
§Aa^iog'rapha, n. ^«(/iog'raphal, a, 
hagiog'raphy, n. 

hagiog'Tapher, n. 

* Oihesion, see foot-note under Gi-avitation, p. 233. 

t Heirloom, household goods and furniture, which have for several de- 
scents belonged to a house, and necessarily come to the Tseir with the house. 

:}: Hereditament, a law term denoting inheritance, or heieditary estate- 

II When any Greek letter has the aspirate, or rough-breathing ('), it is 
represented by the letter h in English, as well as in Latin. The Greek 
fiords whose initial vowel is aspirated, are placed under the letter h. 

§ Hagiographa, holy writings. The Jews divide the Holy Scriptures of 
the Old Testament into the Law, which comprehends the five books of 
Moses ; the Prophets; and Writings or Hagiographa, which comprehended 
the other books of the Old Testament. Hagiographer, a holy writer. — 
" They were hagiographers, who are supposed to be left to the use of their 
own words." — ffhitby. 

UAL 238 HAO 

Halcyon,* f. 3. {aXK-uuv, ah cf.x<i, the sea, and kvco, to 

bring forth), a bird called the King-fisher. 
*haVcyon, n. & a. halct/o'nia.n, a. 

HALLELUiAt (rr^ibbn, praise ye the Lord, Heb.) a 
song of thanksgiving — \haUelu'iah,n. halleluiat'ic,a. 

Hallucin-o_, v. 1. to utter things at random, to err or 
mistake, to blunder — ■ hallucinarwn,n. 

Hal-o, v. 1. to breathe, to emU a smell : as, \vJiale' , 
to breath or draw in (with air') ; — opposed to ex- 
hale, or expire, to breath or draw out. 
*anhela'iion, n. exhale'ment, n. 

exha'lahle, a. mexha'lahle, a. 

exhale', v. exhalation, n. inhale', v. 

Harmoni-^ {cce^tAovix),"^ agreement, musical concord : 
as, harmon'iz, relating to music or musical concord. 

harmon'icaXly, ad. harmo'nionsly, ad. 

har'inordze, v. ha7-mo'niousness,7i. 
har'mony, n. hai-'mon'\ZQ.r, n. inharmo'niow^, a. 

harmon'ic, a. har'mon'i&t, n. inharmon'icdl, a. 

harmon'icdX, a. harmo'nioiis, a. nnha7-mo'/iiouSy a. 

HAUST-U3f, siip. (d haurioj, v. 4, to draw), to draw. 
as, m^yJiaus'tiXAQ., that cannot be drawn out, (not 
to be spent.) 

exhaicsl', v. & a. exhaust'lss^, a. inex7ia?/5'/ebleness, 

exhaus'ter, n. exhaus'iihle, a. inexhaus'tive, a. 

exhaus'tion, n. inexhaus' ted, a. xxnexhaus' ted, a. 

exhauslfment, n. ixiexhaus'tihle, a. 

* Halcyon, a bird, of which it is said that she breeds in the sea, or by the 
river-side, about the middle of winter, and that there is always a c«/m 
during her incubation ; hence, halcyon came to signify placid, quiet, still, 

t " To demonstrate that God is the proper object of praise, these words 
— Praise pe the Lord, are so compounded together, as they make but one 
word in Hebrew— Ha«t7iaVj/j." — Leigh's Critica Sacra. 

XAnhelation, literally, the act oi breathing round or about, or panting : 
the state of being out of breath. 

HEB 239 HEL 

HebdomaSj ad-/s {^dof^.ccg,ci2o;, ah i^^o,tiog, the secenih), 
space of seven days,aiceek: as^ hebdom'add\,weekIi/. 

heb'domad, n. hebdom'adary, a. hebdomat'ical, a. 

hebdom'adal, a. 

HebeSj et-/5, a. Uuvf, dull : as, heb'et?iie, to dtdl. 
heb'etaie, v. hebeta' lion, n. heb'etndc, n. 

Hebr^-i/s, m. 2. ('E/S^ofio;)/^ a Hebrew. 

he'braiSm, n. "^He'brctv, n. & a. hebrici'an, n. 

he'braist, it.. Ile'brewe^fi, n. 

Hecaton {ly.arov), a hundred — hec'atonih, n. 

Hectic-os {iKTiy,6i;/d) i'/^o) Jo have\habit ual. (See£.i'ii.) 

Heder-^, /. 1. iv7/ — hederSi'ceows,, a. 

Heli-os (iiAies), the sun : as, he'lioBCO-pe, an instru- 
ment for viewing the sun ; he'liotro'pe, a plant 
that follows the course of the sun, {the sun-fio^cer.) 

•fa-phe'lion, n. IlelioTp'olis, n. he'lioiro^Q, ii. 

heii'acal, a. helionVeter, n. ^parAeViow, n. 

heliocen'iric, a. he'lioscoYte, n. -j-periA^'/io/ij n. 

Hellen ('EAA>5i'),rt Greek: a&,herien\^m.,Greekidi\oxri. 
hel'lenic, a. hel'lenhe, v. heUenis'tic , a. 

hel'len\%\n, n. \\}iel'len\^t, n. hcllenis'tica\\y,ad 

HelminSj inth-05 (ix^uiv?, ivSoi), a u-orm. 

anthelmin'lhicj a. helmin'lhic, a. helmintkoVogy, n. 

*Hebrctc, an Israelite, one of the children of Israd, a Jew. "Either, a fa- 
mily name, from Kbnf, who was the gieat grandson of Shem, and Abraham's 
great, great, great, great grandfather ; that is, he was a lineal descendant 
trom Eber, in the seventh generation.— ^,'jy«;!<7m and his j90.s;c)-i7i^ are call- 
ed Hebrews, because they spoke the same language, and professed and 
practised the same religion that Ebei- did. Or, it comes from the preposi- 
tion *131^, gnelher, trans, beyotul ; from whence those that lived bc^wtid, 
or to the east of the river Euphrates, were called by the Canaanites and 
others who lived on the west, nnny, gnibrim, or Hebrews: and because 
Abraham came from heyu7id, or to the east of the river (Euphrates), hence 
his posto-ify acquired the appellation of n'^II^S?, gnibhrim, or Hebrews." 
— Jennings' Jetv. Antiq. 

t For aphelion and perihelion, see fcot-note under apogccon, p. 220. 

\ Parhelion, a mock sun. 

II It may be proper to take notice of the distinction between the Helle- 
nM,"£.XXy,v-i, and Hellenists, 'hAXy.viirrxi. TJie fonner were Creeks by birth 

HEL 240 HEP 

Uem-^ {ultAx), blood: as^Aem'orrhage, du^ovfoi blood; 
hemo^to'&is, a spitting of blood. 
^<?mopto'sis, or hem'orrha,gy, 71. em'croids, n. 
hemo'p'tysis, n. *hem'oTrhoids, or Aemorrhoid'al, a. 
hem'oirhage, or 

Hemer-^ {r,f4,i^a), a day : as^, epAem'eral, relating to 
<i day, or lasting but a day. 

ephem'era, n. -^-e-phemer'ides, pi. e'phem'eron-'wonn. 
e])hem'eral, a. ■fe'phem'e7-h, n. 
ejphem^eric, a. eTphem'eriat, n. 

Hemis-us (Jifxi7vi), half: as^ %hem'h-^\ieYe, half a 
globe or sphere ; kem^icycXe, a ^a//" round. 

\^hem'icTax\y, n. ^^m'isphere, n. hem'hiic, or 
hem'icycle, n. /iemispher'ic, a. Aem'istich, n. 

§A^W4'iplegy, n. /lemispher^ical, a. hemh' ticXvA, a, 

HsPAR, hepat-05 {yiyru^, YtTraroi), the liver, 
hepat'ic, a. hepai'icsX, a. 

Hept-^ (Itttx), seven: aSj/2e/?'?archy,a5e2?^^2fold govern- 
ment, — as England under the seven Saxon ChieTs. 

hep'lagon, n. hep'tachord, n hepta.r'chiC) a. 

hepiag^onal, a. ^heptdn'dna., n. heptax' chxst, n. 
hepfacap^sulaT, a. hep'tarchy, n. /ipjoVateuch, n. 

and nation, and as such dislinguished from the Jews, Acts xvi. 1. ; xlx. 10. ; 
Rom. i. 16. ; ii. 9. The Hellenists, 'EWvivia-Tit.i, or Grecians, being Jews by 
proselylism, who used the Greek tongue in their sacred exercises, the He- 
brew Jews and Grecian Jews were distinguished in those days, not so much 
by the places of their birth, as by the language they use in their public 
prayers and services. — See Jennings' Jew. Antiq. 

* Hemorrhoids, or emeroids, literally, a discharge ox floiving of hlood ; 
the piles ; a swelling of the parts round the anus or fundament, with an 
emission of blood. 

t Ephemerides, (the plural of Ephemeris, a jonrtial, an account of the 
daily motions and situations of the planets), astronomical tables, shewing 
the present state of the heavens for every day at noon. 

% Hemi, is the abbreviated form of hemisys {y,im<j-vs)> signifying, like 
demi (Fr.), and semi (Lat.), half. 

II Hemicrany, a pain that affects only one part of the head at a time. 

§ Hemiplegy (r,u,i7v;, half; and plesso, ^Xy,(r(ru, to strike or seize), a 
palsy, or any nervous affection relating thereunto that seizes one side ut a 
lime; some partial disorder of the nervous system. 

^Heptandria (in Bctany),oneof theLinneanclasscs, including thosejard?!?* 
which have seven stamens to the flower ; those which have une stamen to 

HER 241 HER 

Herb-^j /. 1. an kerb; ^rass : as Aer^a'ceous, relal - 
ing to kerbs ; ker'bage, kerbs collectively. 

herb, n. 

herbd'ceou9, a. ker'barhe, v. , herb^ess, a. 

her'bage, n. he'r'bary, n. her'bous, a. 

her'baged, a. her'belet, n. /j^rZ^oriza'tion, n. 

her^bal, a. & n. her bea' cent j a. her'bulent, a, 
her^bali&t, n. 

Hercul-£S/* m. 3. a hero of antiquity — hercu'leon, a. 
HeremitEj, m. (YY.ab l^yifxcq), a solitary . (SeeEremos.) 

the flower, are called mowandria ; two, dfandria ; three, f» faiidria ; four, 
tetrandr'm ; five, pentandr'm ; six, /ipjrandria ; seven, heptandna ; eight, 
ocfandria ; nine, e>i??eandria ; ten, decandria ; eleven, ewrfecandria ; twelve, 
ciodecandria ; many, polt/andna. 

* Hercules, a celebrated hero of antiquity, the son of Jupiter and Alc- 
mena, who travelled as far as the Straits of Gibraltar, and is said to have 
erected two pillars, one at Cadiz in Spain, and the other opposite at Ceuta 
in Africa. Hercules, by the will of Jupiter, was subjected to the power of 
Eurystheus, king of Argos and Mycenae, son of Sthenelus and Nicippe. He, 
apprehensive of Hercules' power and strength, commanded him to achieve 
a number of enterprizes, the most difficult and arduous ever known, ge- 
nerally called the twelve Inboiirs of Hercules. For undertaking these, he 
received a coat of arms and helmet from Minerva ; a swordfxora. Mercury ; 
a horse from Neptune ; a shield from Jupiter ; a bow and arrows from 
Apollo ; and from Vulcan, a golden cuirass and brazen buskin, with a ce- , 
lebrated club of brass. The first labour imposed by Eurystheus upon Her- 
cules, being yet in the 16th year of his age, was, to kill the lion ofNemcea, 
which ravaged the country near Mycenas. 2. To destroy the I^etncean Hy- 
dra, which had 7 heads according to Apollodorus, 50 according to Simoni- 
des, and 109 according to Diodorus. When one head was destroyed, two 
others immediately sprang up ; but his friend lolas, by his command, burn- 
ed the root of it with a hot iron, which succeeded, and he became victorious. 
3. To bring alive and unhurt into the presence of Eurystheus a stafffamous 
for its incredible swiftness, its golden horns, and brazen feet. 4. To bring 
alive a tvild boar, which ravaged the neighbourhood of Erymanthus. In 
this expedition he destroyed the Centaur, and caught the boar, at whose 
sight Eurystheus was so frightened, that he hid himself for some days in 
his brazen vessel. 5. To clean the stables of Augeas, where Si'OO oxen had 
been confined for many years. 6. To kill the carnivorous birds which ra- 
vaged the country near the lake Stymphalis in Arcadia. 7. To bring alive 
into Peloponnesus a prodigious wild bull, which laid waste the island Crete. 
8. To bring the mares of Diomedes, which fed upon human flesh. 9. To 
obtain the girdle of the queen of the Amazons. 10. To kill the monster 
Geryon, king of Gades or Cadiz, and bring to Argos his numerous flocks, 
which fed upon human flesh. 11. To obtain apples from the garden of the 
Hesperides. 12. The last and most dangerous of his labours, to bring upon 
earth the three-headed dog Cerberus, which guarded the entrance of hell, to 
prevent the living from entering the infernal regions, and the dead from 
escaping from their confinement. His exploits are celebrated by the poets 
and historians of antiquity. — See Lempriere's Classical Dictionary, 


HER 242 HET 

Heres-is (tii^io-i^^, ah xl^iu, to take), the ad of taking , 
an opinion, a dogma : as, her'etic, one tainted with 

arch-her'esyy n. her'esiaxchy n. heret'ical, a. 
arch-her'etic, n. her'esi&xchy, n. kerei'lceiily, ad. 
*her'esy, n. her'etic, n. 

Hermes (i^f^r.g), Merciay, the interpreter and messen^ 
gerofthe Gods; the imagined inventor of chemistry. 

•^rherma-ph'rodaiQ, n. hermf.neut'ics., tl. hermet'ic, a. 
hermaY>\\rol\i'vc,a. hei'tneneut'ic, a. X^iermet'ical, a. 
he7">naphTodit'ica\,a.her)?}eneut'ica}y (t. hermet'ically, ad, 

Heros {yi^ti/g'), a brave man, a hero : as^ hero'iz, re- 
lating to a hero or hrave man. 

he'ro, n. hero'icly, ad. hc7-oicom'ic, a. 

her'ome, n. hero'icaX, a. Aero/com'ical, a. 

hero'ic, a. &. n. hero'lcaWy^ ad. her'oism, n. 

Hesit-Oj v. 1. (« haereo), to he doidjtfid, to he at a 

loss. (See Hcereo.) 
Hes-us, p.p. (« hsereo)^ stuck. (See Hcereo.) 
Heter-os {iTi^cg), other, another, dissimilar : as^ he~ 

z'eroge'neous, other ox dissimilar m nature; het'e- 

rarchy-j the government of an alien. 

het'erarchy, n. het'erodoxy, n. hetei'oge'neons, a. 
\\het'eroc\he, n. &. a. heterodox'ical, a. heleroge'neonsnesSf 
heteroclit'ical, a. ^heteros'cii, or 

heteroclit'ic, a. heteroge'neal, a. heie7'os'cians, n. 
het'erodox, a. & n. heteros'cian, a. 

* Hcresp, literally, the act of taJciiig ; " an erroi- m s^ome fundameotnl 
doctrine of the Christian faith, or a private opiniofi different from that of 
the catholic and orthodox church." — Crabbe's Diet. 

t Hermapliradite, an animal uniting two sexes. %Hermetical, chemical. 

y Hetercclite, literally, a leaning or inclining another way. Any thing or 
person deviating from the common rule. " Such nouns as vary from tht- 
common form of declension by any redundancy, defect, or otherwise, are 
called heterodites." — Clarke. 

§ Heteroscii, or lleterofvians, those tvhose shadows fa'.l onlp one wav, as 
the shadows of us who live between the tropics and polar circles ; so called, 
because those on the north have their shadows always in an oppvsite direc- 
tion to those on the south, and vice versa. 

HEX 243 HIE 

Hex (I|)j six : as^ hexarii'^iei', a verse of six feet ; 
hex'a^odi, an animal with six feet hex'a^Qdi, six 
feet, or a fathom ; hexa?>'V\.c\\, a poem of 5/0; lines. 

hea/achoxd., n. hexanVeter,n.& a. hea;'aiped, or 
*hexae'dion, n. he^'amet'Tic, a. hex'apod, n. 
hex* agon, n. Aea^amet'rical, a. 

Ae^an'dria, n. hexas'tich, n. 

hexag onal, a. hexan'gvdax, a. hex^astyle, n. 

Hex-is {i^i<;, ah i'/,a, to have), a state of the mind or 
body ; a habit. (See Exis.) 

HiAT-us, m. 4. (« liioj V. 1. to gape, to open), a gaping, 
hia'tus, 71. ' 

HlBERNI-^,/.l./yW«?2(r/ — hiber'nian,n.8i.a.hiber'nicism,n. 

HiBERN-us, a. {d hiems or hyems, -is, /. 3. winter), 
of win ter — h iber'noX, a . 

HiBIT-UM, sup. (comP- form oi habiium), to hold. SeeHabeo. 

HiBIT-l/S, p.p. (comV- fonn of habi(iis), held. (See Habeo.) 

HiER-os {ti^og), sacred, holy : as, ki^erarchy, a sac7-ed 
government, (ecclesiastic establishment) ; hi'ero- 
mancy, divination hy sacrifces ; hi'erologjj a dis- 
course on sacred things. 

hi'eraxch, n. Ziieroglyph'ically hierogra^h'ic, a. 

hi'eraTchy, 71. hi'erogi&m, 71. hierogra^h'ical, a. 

Aierarch'al, a. hi€rogrammat'ic,a. hieroVogy, n. 

^jerar'chical, a. hierogianVmatiatyuhi'eromancy, 71. 

hi'eroglyjih, n. hierog'xa\)\).a, 71. 'i^hi'ero^'hant, n. 
'\hierog\yp\\'\c,n,Sia. hierog'xayihy, n. /Tierop'olis, n. 
AiVroglyph'ical, a. 

* Hexacdron, a cube, or solid with sis faces or sides. 

t Hierogli/phics , certain chai acters, figures, or sigtts, made use of by the 
ancient Egyptians, instead of letters, to express the conception of men, 
particularly the mysteries of their religion : hence the term hieroglyph, a 
carving or engraving of some sacred thing. " A lamp among the Egyi)- 
tians is the hieroglt/phic of life."—Wtlkins. In a general sense, a hierog'u- 
phic is any symbol or figure which may serve to represent an object : such 
are our astronomical characters. 
XHierophant, one viho teaches ihe rules of rel'giort; a minisler or priest. 


HiLAB-is, a. cheer/ul, merry, gay: as, ex/iiliirate 

to make cheerful, (to enliven^ to gladden.) 

ex/i?7'arate, v. hilar'ity, n. 

exhilar a' iion, n. 
Hipp-os {iTTTToi), a horse: as, A«'7;/>opot'amus, the river 

/-orse (found in the Nile); /!?7J»jyogi-iff,a\\anged/?or5^. 
*/iJp7ioceri'taurj n. A 4"/>;;opot'amus, n. hip'po^^, n. 

Archip'pua, n. ^^hip'po^xoine, n. 

HisTORi-yi, /. 1. {ItTTos^ioc, ah tirrcj^, one who knows), a 
nay-ration of facts and events, histoi'y: as, histori- 
og'rapher, a writer of history, 
his'toxy, n, histor'ic, a. historiogra^h'ical,a 

histor'iccd, a. his' tory --piece, n. 

histo'i-icin, n. histor'icaWy, ad. s/o'ry, n. 

historiol'ogy, n. sto'ried, a. 

historiog'rajphy, n. 5/oVy-teller, n. 

historiog', n. 

HiSTRio, on-?'.<?, m. 3. {a hister, a Tuscan word), a stage- 
player: as, A /s^r/o?2'ic, befitting the stage, (theatrical.) 
histrion'ical, a. kis'trionism, n. 
Jdstrion'ic, a. hisirion'icaily, ad. 

HoDiEj adv. (a hoc die), to-day — hodie/^i^H, a. 
HoL-os (oAoj), the whole, all: as, cat^o/'icon, a iini. 
«;er5tt/ medicine ; /^o/'ocaust, a sacrifice whollyhwini. 

Xcsiih'olic, a. & n. caihol'icon, n. 

cath'olicly, ad. catA'o/icism, n. hol'ocaust, n. 
catAo/'icness, n. ijAo/'ograph, n. 

* Hippocentaur, a fabulous monster, half-horse, and half-wian- 
t Hippodrome, a course for chariot and horse races, or exercises- 
■^ Catholic, literally, the ivhcle from side to side, all, general. The church 
ot Jesus Christ is called catholic^ because it extends throughout the world, 
and is not limited by time, or to any sect of Christians. Some truths are 
said to be catholic, because they are received by all the faithful. Catholic 
is often set in opposition to heretic or sectary, and to schisttiatic. " Catho- 
lic, or canonical epistles, are seven in number ; that of St James, two of 
St Peter, three of St John, and that of St Jude. They are called catholic, 
because they are directed or addressed to all the faithful, and not to any 
particular church ; and canonical, because they contain excellent rules of 
faith and molality." — Calmet, Catholic, the noun, is usually applied to a 
papist; a Roman Catholic, 
i Holograph, an instrument written tvhoUy by the person who signs it 

HOM 245 HOR 

HoMiL-os (oiaiXoi, ab ofAOi), an asseynhly ; company: 
aS;, hom'ily, a discourse read to a congregation, 

hom'ily, n. hom'ilist, n. homilet'ical, a. 

Homo, m-is, c. 3. a mayi : as, ku'maxi, belonging to 

man ; human'iiy, mankind or kindness. 

hom'icidie, ?^. hu'mam^t, 7i. 

homici'dal, a. humane', a. hu'manize, v. 

hu'maii, a. hnmaxie'ly, ad. inhu'man, a. 

hu'manly, ad. humane'ness, n. mhu'maaly, ad, 

/i?/wiankind , n. human'ity, n. inhuman'ityy n. 

HoM-os (of^og), united, like, equal, the same : as, lio- 
mol'ogous, having the same manner or proportions. 
fiomog'cny, n. Aonzoge'neousnesSj homon'ymy, n. 

ftomoge'neal, a. Aomon'ymous, a. 

/iowjojop'athyj n. /jowol'ogouSj a. */io;H ot'onous, a. 
Ao?«oge'iieoiis, a. 

HoNGRjjw. 3. respect, regard: as>,^\!skon' our ,\.q takeaway 
or deprive oi honour, (to disgrace^ ; hon'orary, done 
or made in honour, confening honour without gain. 

^\%hon' est, a. hon'est, a. Z^o?^'o^^rabl^ a. 

(S^i'&hoii'estXy, ad. hon'estiy, ad. hon'ourahly, ad. 

6.i%hon'our,n.8i.v. koji'esty, n. Aon'ourableness, 7i. 

disAori'owrer, n. hon'orary, a. hon'ourless, a. 

dishou'ourahle, a. hou'our, u. & v. undis/ion'owred, a. 

disZio/i'owj'ably, ad. hon'ourei, n. un/io;i'oMred, a. 

HoR-j, /. 1. (ae,»), an hour : a%, ho'reX or Ao Vary, 
relating to an hour ; /^orogVaphy^, an account of the 
hours ; horom'etry, the art of measuring the hours. 

ho'ral, a. /lorog'raphy, n. hoi-'ologe, n. 

-f-/iO?'ologiog'raphy,n. horoVogy, n. 
ho'rary, a. 7iorologiograph'ic,a-]-/ior'oscope, n. 

* ifo»Jofo«o!M, literally, having the like, equal, ox same tone or stren^i ; 
equable: said of such distempers as keep a constant tenour of rise, state, 
and declension.— Q?u?u7/. 

■\ H'lntloi-iography, a description oi a.Jioi-oloffC or an instrument that 
tells ihe h\)\ir, as a dock, wafch, or houiplass : also, the art of construct- 
ing dials. Hojosope, the configuration of the planets at fhe hour of birth. 

X 2 

Hon 24() HOR 

feorom'etry, n. hourly, a. &. ad. hour-hand', n, 
hour, n. AoMr'-glass, n. Aowr-piate', ». 

HoR-os (ogo?)^ <^ boundary, a limit ; a rule: as^ ho^ 
ri'zoYv, the line that bounds or terminates the ^j/eie?, 
(or that seems to join the heaven with the earth.) 

•ap7i'orism, n. apA'orist, w. hori'zon, n. 

ap/i'£M-ismer, n. •di'orism, n. horiison'tal, a. 

ap^or«*'^ical, a. dioris'^ically, ad. horizon'taMy, ad. 
niphoris'ticaMy, ad. 

HoRRE-o, V. 2. to be rough or dreadful, — as an animal 
with its hair standing on end, or the like : as, hor'- 
rzhle, that may be dreaded or detested. 

ab/io?-', V. hor'reni, a. hor'r'idly, ad. 

abAorVence, n. hor'ri\AQ, a. Aor Vidness, n. 

zbhor'rency, n. hor'rihly, ad. horrific, a. 

a.hhor'rent, a. hor'rihleness, n. /iorris'onous, a. 

&\)hor're.x, n. hor'rid, a. hor'rov, n. ' 

HoRT-oRj V. dep. 1. to exhort, to encourage: as^deAo?/ 
to dissuade ; ex/wrf, to incite by words to any 
good action ; hor'tatoxy, encouraging, — used of 
precepts not of persons. 

Aehori', v. exhort', v. exhor'tatoxy, a. 

Aehor'ter, n. exhor'ter, n. horla'tion, n. 

dthorta'tion, n. exhorta'tion, n. hor'taiive, a. &. n. 

dehor' tatoxy, a. exhor'tati\e, a. hor'tatoxy, a. 

HoRT-t/s m. 2. a garden ; an orchard : 

as, horten'siiA, fit for a garden; /-orV/culture, the 
art of cultivatmg^ftr(:/e?25; hor'tuhn, belonging to 
a garden. 

hor'hdan, a. ho7''lus-siccus, n. 

?ior'iicvlture, n. hort'yaxd, or or'ch&rding, n. 

horticuVtuxai, a. or'chaxd, 7i. or'chaxdiit, n. 

Tjtjy'/iculturist, n. 

* Aphorism, literally, a separating 'by vtiaxklng limi/s ,- a mnjim, a f^e- 
rept limited or contracted in a short sentence. Diorism, distincfirr., oi 
aejinition, v.hich i;i few \^crds explains wluU is spoken of. 

HOS 247 HUM 

HosPES, UJs, c. 3. one who entertams, or is enter- 
tained, a host or guest: as^ hos'pit-dl, a place built 
for the reception of the sick, ox support of the poor; 
hospital'iiy, the practice 0^ entej'tainiiig stmugers ; 
inhos'pitahle, affording no kindness nor entertain- 
ment to strangers. 

hos'pitahle, a. host, n. 'mhos' pitahXt, a. 

hos'pitdhly, ad. host'es,^, n. inhos'jntahXy, ad. 

hos'pita\)lene&s,n' *hoteV, n. in^o/jo«7ableness,n. 

hos'pital, n. hcs'lkr, or inhospitarity, n. 

hospital'ity, n. os'tkr, n. \xtJios' pitaWe, a. 

HosT-iSj c. 3. an enemy : as, hos'tile, relating to an 
open enemy, (adverse^ 

host, n. hostility, n. 'v:\hos't\\e, a. 

hos'tile, a. unAos'/ile, a. 

hos'ti\e\y, ad, 

HuMAN-i/Sj a. {a homo)j of a man. {See Homo.) 
11\JM-E0, V. 2. to be wet or moist: as^, humect' or hu- 

mecfate, to make moist or wet; /('M'wzcralj relating 

to the hu?nours. 

diiihn'moiir,n. Siv. hji'mid, a. hu'morous, a. 

humect', or humid'iiy, n. hu'morou&ly, ad. 

humec'tate, v. hu'mour, n. Si v. hu'tnorousxiess, n. 

hn'inoriii, a. hu'moursome, a. 

nnmec'tive, a. hu'morist, n. hu'moursomely, ad. 

HuMER-i7S, m. 2. the shouldcr — hu'mer^, a. 
HuM-C7Sj /. 2. the ground, the earth : as, ey.Jmme', to 

take out of the grave; hzi?nil'id.te, to malie hiwible, 

or near the earth. 

exhume', or ex'hiimB,te, v. exhuma' t'xon, n. 

* Hotel, "formerly hostel, a lodging-hcntse, particularly a pnblic-hottse 
furnished with beds, &c. for the accommodation of occflsionai lodgers, who 
are there supplied with apartments hired for the night, or by the week. 
Of this V.mdoi lodging-house, Mr Malonesays, there was not one till about 
the year 1760. In 1810, he considered the number of them to be above ino. 
The designation of Cqffee-house and Hotel, ia now very common."— ^(//jn- 
eon's Diet, by Todd. 

HVA 24^ HVM 

hum'hle, a. &. v. humlile-mouthedi, a inhume', or 
hum'bly, ad. inhu'mate, v. 

hu77i'h]eness, n. inhuma'tion, n. 

hum'hler, n. humil'iate, v. 

huiH^hYmg, a. &ri. hamilia'tion, n. •posf'^jfwous, a. 
/iww'ble-minded,a. huinil'ity, n. •po'^i'humously, ad. 

Hyal-os (vatAo;), glass or ckrystal — hf/'cdmQ, a. 

Hydor (y^<y^), water: as^ hi/dromancy, predicting by 

icater; hy'dromd, a drink of honey and water; 

hydroTLi'eier, an instrument to measure water or 

fluids; /?j/</;Tystat'icS;, the science of weighing^^^eV/*^ 

or weighing bodies in fluids ; lii/'drus, a watersnaka. 

+clepsy'6?ra, n. hi/'drogen, n. /iyWropsy, or 

rfrop'sied, a. hydrog'r&phy, n. §(/rop'sy, n. 

Xhy'adQs, or %(frog'rapher, n. hydro^'ic&\, or 

Xhy'ads, n. hi/'dromancy, n. (/rop'sical, a. 

hy'dragogixes, n. hydroVogy, n. hydroTp'ic, a. 

hydraulics, n. hy'dromel, n. hydrostat'ical, a. 

hydrauTical, a. hydrom'eter, ?i. hydrostat'ics, ?i. 
hy'drocele, n. hydrom'etvy, n. ^[hydrotfic, n. 

A//r/;-oceph'alus, n. %rfropho'bia, ?2. hy'drua, or 
\\hydrodynam'ici, n. hydrop'^ihy^ n. hy'dra, 7i. 

HyemSj /. 3. winter: as^ hi/'em?i\, belonging to winter, 
hy'emal, a, hyema'tion, n. 

Hygr-os {vye,oi), moist, wet. 

**hy(/rom'eter, n. hy'gro^copey n. hygrosco-p'ic, a. 

Hymen (y^ijv)_, aflne skin; the god of marriage. 
hy'men, n. hymene'al,n. &a. hymene'an,n.&.a. 

* Post/iumoug, done, had, or published after one's death, or after one is 
put into the giound. 

t Clepsi/dra, a kind of clock among the ancients that told the hours by 
watei: :}; Hyades, or Hi/ads, a ivatery constellation. 

II Ht/dj-odi/namics, the science which treats of the power and force of 
water ; or, of the motion of liqnids or non-elastic fluids, and the /o/ce with 
wliicli they act on other bodies. ^ Hydrotic, purger of u-ater or phlegm. 

§ " Dropsy, a collection of uater in the body, from too lax a tone ot the 
eoiids, whereby digestion is weakened, and all the parts stuffed." — Quincy. 

** Hydrometer, an instrument to measure the degrees of moisture and 
dryness of the air : Hygrosccpe, an instrument to sheiv the^e, and to esti- 
ci.iie the (jMautity of ehher extreme. 

HYP 24^9 ICT 

HypN-OS (y^vo?), sleep — diXiX'hypnofic^a. hj/p?ivt'ic,(t. 

Hyster-o s (ve-Ti^og), later or lower; 'dho, the wo m^j: as, 
hyster'iQ,, troubled with fitSj or disorders in the. womb, 
antihyster'ic, a. hi/stc/ic, a. hysler'\c?i[) a. 


IamB-USj m.2. {(Xf/.Qog), apoetic/bot — •fiani'bic,n.ka, 
IbIj adv. tliere, in that place — nulh'^^ety, n.B,Vibi,n. 
Ichneumon^ m. 3. (Jyjzvf^m, ah i^vog, a footstep or ves- 
tige), a small animal that searches out and devours 
the eggs of crocodiles : as, zc/mog'raphy^ 2igroundiAot. 
ichneu'mon, n. ichno^'ra^phy, n. ichnogrsi^Yi \cs\, a, 
ichneu'mon'^y, n. 

Ichor, m. 3. 0X'"^)> ^^'-^ serum or waters/ part of the 
blood thin acrid matter distilling from wounds, 
t'chovy n. i'chorows,^ a. 

IcHTHYs {)x&vi),afish: as, ichth?/oYogyj the science 
of fsh ; ichth?/oiph' agist, ajish-eaiew 
ichiht/oVogy, icAtht/opWagy, n. ichlhyopWaglst, n. 

Icon (iKm, ab uku, to be like), an image ox.picmre -. 
as, iconoVaiQr, a worshipper of images. 

i'eon, n. econoclas'tic, a, iconoVogy, n, 

Xicon'oc\a%t, n. ico;iog'raphy, n. ico/zil 'ater, n. 

IcTER-c/s, m. 2. (.We^o^), the jaundice — /c/er'icalj a. 

* Hysterics, fits of women, supposed to proceed from disorders in thz 
womb ; so called, because the womb is the lowest of the viscera. 

t Iambic, a poetic foot, consisting of a short and long syllable; used ori 
glnally in satire, therefore taken for satire. 

i Iconoclast (k xXot^o), clazo» to breali), a breaker ofimagej. 

IDK 250 IMA 

Idea, /. i. (ihu, ab ii^u, to see), a mental image : as, 
ide'al'ize, to fonn ideas. 

ide'a, n. ide'aMy, ad. trfe'alism, w. 

ide'al, a. ide'alize, v. unide'al, a. 

Idem, pron. (ab is-dem), tke same : as, iden'tify, to 
prove sameness, or to make the same. 

iden'tky, n. iden'ticdtWY, ad. iden'tify, v. 

- identic, a. identinca'tion, n. 

iden'tical, a. 

Idi-os (l^iog), peculiar, private : as, idioc'rasy, p)ecy- 
liarity of constitution ; id'iom, a mode of speaking 
pecidiar to a language. 

idioc'xacy, n. idiomai'icBX, a. id'iot\s>xn, n. 

idiociaX'ical, a. idiomat'ic, a. idiot'ic, a. 

id'iocy, 7i. -fidio&yn'cTasy, n. idiot'icdA., a. 

*icZiop'athy, n. id'iot, n. id'iotizQ, v. ' 

id'iom, n, 

Idol-I7j/j n.2. (Ii^mXov, ab h^og, a form, a figure), an 
image worshipped as God : aSj ^V/ol'atiy, the wor- 
ship of images, or of any thing as God. 

i'dol, n. i'dolK^, a. jrfol'atrize, v. 

i'dolize, v. idoVairy, n. ido\aiYica\, a. 

i'dolizer, n. irfol'ater, n. idoVaixous, a. 

1g-0, {comV- oi ago), to drive. (See Ago.) 

Ign-is, m. 3. fire: as, ig'tnte, to set on fire; igniv'- 
ornous/ vomiting j^re. 

ig'neo\\%, a. ig'nify, v. igiiiti'on, n. 

i^nip'otent, a. i^nifluous, a. ignVtiMiQ, a. 

ig'tiis-iaiywys., n. %gn\iQ', v. «^/iiv'omous, a. 

Imago, in-?^ /• 3. an image oy picture : as, im'agery, 
sensible ropresentations, representations in ^vriting ; 

* Idiopathrj, peculiar feeling ; a primary disease, that neither depends 
en, nor proceeds from another, j Idiosyncrasy, a peculiar temper 

or disposition of body not common to another. 

1MB 251 INC 

imag'inatiYe, relating to the imagi7iatio7i or power 

of forming ideal pictures. 

im'age, n. & v. mimag'inahXe, a. 

im'agery, n. imag'inaxy, a. miimag'inahle, a, 

imag'ine, v. imagina'tion, n. vmmag'inah\y,ad. 

imag'iner, n. imag'inative^ a. nnimag'ined, a. 

imag'indhle, a. imag'ining, a. 

Imbecill-is {ab \n,o/i, & bacillus, »». 2. a staff), weak^ 

feeble, leayiing on a staff. 

imbecile, n. imbecil'ity, n. 

Imit-or, v. dep. 1. to copy or resemble : as, im'itatov, 

one who copies another ; mim'itahlQ, that cannot 

be copied or resembled, (above imitation.) 

m'itoble, a. im'itaiive, a. inim'itahly, ad. 

imitabil'ity, n, im'itatox, n. inimitabil'ity, n. 

im'itate, v. inim'itable, a. unim'iiahle, a. 
imita'tion, n. 

Imper-0, v. 1. {ab in et paro), to command, to rule: 
as^ imper'atYSQ, commanding. 

*em'perox, n. imperato'rial, a. impe'riahy, n. 

em'press, n. impe'rial, a. impe'rious, a. 

*em'pire, n. impe'rially, ad. impe'riously, ad. 

hnpe'rialist, n. impe'rion^nG^s, n. 

imper'ative, a. impe'rialized, a. umpire, n. 

InaN-IS, a. emp)ti/ — inane', a. inanilVon, n. inan'ity, n. 

Indigen-^, /. 1. the native of a place. 

•|-inc?i^Vnous, a. "^in'digene, n. 

Incho-0, v.\. to begin : as, in'chos±Q, to begin. 

in'choaiQ, v. & a, iti'choaiive, a. 

in'choately, ad. 

* Emperor, a monarch of title aiid dignity superior to a king ; as, tho 
emperor of Germany. Empire, imperial power, sovereign command : the 
region o-<'er which dominion is extended. 

■f Indigenous, native to a country ; originally produced or bm-n in a re» 
gion : — opposite to exotic, foreign ; nor produced in our own country ; a-stt^ 
a foreign plant. Indigene, a native. 

IND ^52 INT 

Industri-^, /. 1. diligence, assiduity. 

in'duslry, n. Indus' trio\xsly, ad. unindus'trions, a. 

indus'trions, a. 

Infans^ nt-is, c. 3. (ab in et fan), a child that can- 
not yet speak. (See Fari.) 

Inferus, a. below, beneath : as, infe'rior, lower in 
place, station or rank of life, or value. 
infe'rior, a. & n. infer'nal, a. & n. infer'nally, ad. 

- inferior'ity , n. 

Infest-^s, a. hostile to, eager to hurt ; harassing. 

infest', V. infesta'tion, n. 

Inguen, in-25, n. 3. the groin — ing'uinal, a. 
iNiQU-t/s, (^,uneven,tinjiest,wicked. {SeeEquus.) 
Initi-c/m, n. 2. (ab in et eo), a beginning. (See Eo.) 
Inquin-o, v. 1. to defile, to pollute, to corrupt. 

in'qu'uiate, v. 

Ins UL- J, /. 1 . a?i island: as,m'5?^/ate, to make an island. 

in'sula.r, a. & n. isle, n. i'solated, a. 

in'sulary, a. i'slet, n. "penin'sJila, n. 

in'sidate, v. i'sland, n. penrn'^w/ar, a. 

in'sulated, a. i'slander, n. "peniji'sul&ted, a. 

Integer, a. (ab in e^ango, to touch), entire, not touch^ 
ed ; upright : as, in'tegrdXe, to make a whole. 

in'teger, n. integral'iiy, n. in'tegratc, v. 

in'tegr-dX, a. & n. in'tegrawt, a. integra'iion, n. 

in'tegraWy, ad. integ'rity, n. 

Interpret-or, v.dep.}. fo explain : as, mhinte/prct, 
to explain to a worse sense, or "Wi'ong intentioKc 

inter'pret, v. inter' pretat'ive, a. tahinter'perfer. v. 

inler'preter, n. inter' pretat\\c\y, ad 

inter' pretable., a. misinier'prel, v. misinterpreta'tJon 
interpreta't'xon, n. 

TNT ^5a IRI 

/ntestin-^;,«. 2. (ahmt\x^,within),theguts,thebo<£el3f 
the inwards : as^ intes'tin^, relating to the guts. 
intes'tinal, a. inies'ii}ie,a.&n. 

1nt-us, adv. or Intr-^, prep, within : as^ fwter'/zal, 
inward or of the inside ; inte'rior, inward, zntier. 

inte'riox^ a. & n. inter'naWy, ad. intima'tlon, n. 

in'timsits, a. n. & v. inlrin'^ecs-l, a. 

iri'limately, ad. intri)i't>€cal\y, ad. 

i7iier'na\, a. in'iima,cy, n. inirin'sic, a. 

Invit-0, v. I. to bid or ask; to allure: as, invita'" 
tion, the act of inviting, bidding, or calling. 

dhlnvile', v. invifn'i'wn, n. invi'iingly, ad. 

invite', v. vivi'iatory, a. invi'i'mf^ness, n. 

invi'ttr, n. invi'tln^, n. & a. uni^ivi'^fed, a. 
tnt'i/e'mentj «. 

Iota {\o>ra^, the name of the ninth letter of the Greek 
alphabet; a point, a tittle, the least particle, 
io'ia, n. ht^ n. & v. jot'iing, n. 

Jr-a, /. 1. anger, wrath: as, ?V«s'cible, inclined or 
disposed to anger ; ir'rit^kAQ, easily angered or 
provoked ; ir'rit'sXQ, to excite anger. 

•dire, n. , ire'fuUy, ad. ir'rj7able, a. 

di?-e'fiil, a. ira^'c'ible, a. irri/abil'ity, n. 

dij'g'fulness, n. i?-fls'cibly, ad. ir'ritdte, v- & a. 

ire, n. zVascibirity, n. irriia' Hon, n. 

tre'ful, a. ir'ritatory, a. 

Iren-e (h^viv/t), peace — fi'renaYch, n. iren^icvA, a. 

Iris, /. 3. («^'?)j. the rain -bow ; circle round the p)upil 
of the eye ; the fleur-de-luce — i'ris, n. 

* Dire (Dei ira, theivrath of God), cruel : dreadful, horrible; movrnf/i. 
t Irenarch, an officer of the old Greek empire, employed to prtst^rva 
public tranquiUity. 


IRO 254 ITE 

Ironi-^ (u^mnot) ah ii^ui, a dissembler), a figure of 
speech, when one means the contrary oiwhaX is said, 

*i'rony, n. iron'ica\, a. i'romst, n. 

iron'ic, a. iro?i'ically, ad. 

IsCH-0 (<V;^<«), to retai?i, tohold—^is'chmy, n. ischuxti'ic,n. 
Is-os (Icroi), equal : as, isoch'i'oiio}, of equal times ; 

isos'celeSj equal legs or sides. 

tsoch'ronal, a. :|:«5operimet'rical, a. wother'mal, a. 

woch'ronous, a. isos'celes, n. & a. 

IsTHM-us, m. 2. (1(79(^0?), a neck of land ioimng a pe- 
ninsula to a continent — is'thmus,n. is'tlimi2Xi,a. 

Israel (bx^iiy^ ah mi:r_, strength, power, Heb.) Jacob. 
11 Is'rael^ n. Is'raelite, n. Is'raelitish, a. 

Itali-j^ /. 1. Itali/, the name of a country in Europe. 
Ital'ian, n. & a. itarianate, v. § ital'ic, a. 
ital'icise, v. ital'ia.nize, v. 

1ter-um, adv. again, a second time : as, it'erate, to 

repeat, to utter again. 

ii'erant, a. reit'erate, v. 

ii'erate, v. it'eradve, a. Teitera'tion, n. 

itera'iion, n, 
IteR;, itiner-25, n. 3. {ah eo, itum^ to go), a journei/, 
a march: as,itin'ersiv^, ahook of travels; or done 
on a journey, 
itin'erant, a. Uin'erarj, n. & a. iiin'erate, v. 

* For an example of h-oiiy, see the Author's " Outlines of English 

I" Ischury, a stoppage of urine, whether by gravel or other causes. Is- 
churetic, such medicines as force urine when suppressed. 

^ Isoperimetrical figures, are such as have equal perimetei'S or circum- 
fereyiccs, of which the circle is the greatest. — Harris. 

il Is-rael, a prince with God, or prevailing with God ; or one who wrestlcth 
with God. The name given by God to Jacob on the night, or rather morn- 
ing previous to meeting his brother Esau: "And God said, Thy name 
shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou poiver 
with God and with men, and hast js-j-effliVed."— Gen. xxxii.l — 32. xxxv. Hi, 
Isi-ael denotes the diildven of Jacob, and is rften in Scripture taken for the 
people of God.— Exod. vi. 6, 7. 2 Kings xvii. 34. Psal. cxxxv. 4, 12. Isa. 
xix. i?5. xlv. 4. 

§ Italic, denoting a type first used by Jtaliam. 




1t-um, sup. (ab eo, ivi_, itum_, ire^ to go), to go. (See £0.) 
\t-us, p.p. {ab to), gone. (See Eo.) 

Jac-eo, v. 2. to lie : as, ad/a'cent^ (?/ing to or near. 

ad/a'cent, a. inter/a'cent, a. ja'cent, a. 

adja'cency, n. mitxja'cency, n. sub/a'cent, a. 

circumy«'oeut, a. 

Jac-io, v. 3. to throw to cast, or to dart: as^ eject', 
to throw out ; mject\ to throw in ; ohject', to cast 
against; oh'ject, something cas^ in the way; ejac'- 
uIqXq, to throw, shoot, or dart out ; suh/ec'rive 
throwing or placmg under, or relating to the subject, 
ah'ject, a. & n. Aejec^tedly, ad. object^, v. 

ab'jecily, ad. 
ab'jeciness, n. 

Vi\>jec't\or\, n. 

adjecl', V. 
a(\jec'tion, n. 
ad'jiVc/ive, a. 
ad'_;Vc^ively, ad. 
a,djectilVo\is, a. 

dejec'tedness, n. 
dejec'tory, a. 
dejec'iuTe, n. 
dhjec'lion, n. 
eject', V. 
ejec'tion, ?i. 
eject'ment, n. 
ejac'ulate, v. 
ejacula'tion, n. 
ejac'ulalory, a. 
inject', V. 
injec'tion, n. 
insub/ec'/ion, n, 
initrject', v. 
inter/ec'/ion, n. 

conjee lor, n. 

conjec'tnre, n.&v 

conjee' iur able, a. 

conjec'tural, a. 

conjee' turaWy, ad. jactita'tion, n 

conjecttiral'ity, n. jac'ulate, v 

conjec'iurer, n. 

deject', V. & a. 

dejec'ter, n. 

dejec'tion, n. 

dejecily, ad. 

jacula'tion, n. 
jac'ulatoxy-, a. 
miscon_yVc'/urr, ??. 

& V. 

oh'ject, n. 

ohjec'i'ion, n. 
ob;Vc'^ionable, a. 
ohjec't'ive, a. 
ohjec'tively, ad. 
ob^Vc'^iveness, n. 
ohjec'tor, n. 
\iToj'ect, n. 
Tproj'ectWe, n. Si a. 
Y>roject', v. 
■projec'fion, n. 
jirojec'iOY, n. 
f^rojec'tViXe, n. 
reject', v. 
rejec'tex, n. 
xejec'tlon, n. 
xejec' table, a. 
xejecta-'neovvi, a. 

%nb'ject, a. & n. 
%vbject', V. 
»uhjec'ted, a. 
snhjec't'wn, n. 

JAC 256 JEC 

9\\hjrc'!i\e, a. *txafecl, n. unohjec'lei, a. 

^uhjec' lively, ad. trycc'tion, n. unob/ec'^ionable, a. 

superin;Vc7ionj n. *tTqjec'iory, n. iinsaVject, a. 
*tTaJecl', V. 

Jacob-US, m. 2. (ap:;^ Jacob, the heeler or supplan^ 

ter, Heb.) James. 
•f^/oc'oJin, 72. & a. jac'oh'imsm, n. jac'o&itism, n. 
jac'obine, n. jnc'obmiza, v. \\Jaco'b\x?,j n. 

Jaco6<ir/ical, a. ^jac'obite,n.&.a. 

J ACUL-t/3/, n. 2. (rJ jacio), a javelin, a dart. (See Jacio.) 
JalouX;, a. (Fr.) suspicious in lave; emulous. 

jeaVotis.) a. jeal'ousness, n. unjearouSj a. 

jeal'ously, ad. jeal'ousy, n. 

Jaxu-^, /. 1. a gate, a door — -jan'itQY, n. 
Januari-L'S,§ VI. 1. firstmontliof the year — Jan'uary^n. 
JecT-UM, sv/p. (comP-form o£jactum), to throw. (See J'acio.) 
JecT-17Sj p. p. (comP- of jactus), thronm. (See Jacio.) 

* Traject', v. to ca^.t beyond or through. Traj'ect, n. a ferry or passage 
for a V. ater-carrSi^e. Trhjectonj, the orftiY of a comet. 

t Jaciibin, ov Jacohine, a frim- of the order of St Dominic ; a grey or 
white/,-/'?)- : one of an execrable faction in the late French democratical 
revolution, distinguished by their hatred of religion, monarchy, and social 
order ; so called from- their meeting at the church of St Jacobus, or a mo- 
nastery of the Jacobm friars. "With the Jat-obins of France, vague in- 
tercourse is without reproach; marri.ige is reduced to the vilest concubi- 
rage; children are encouraged to cvit the throats of their parents ; mothers 
are taught that tenderness is no part of their character."— B«;-/i:e on a Regh 
cide Pence. 

± Jacnhitc, one of a sect of heretics, who were anciently a branch of the 
Entj/cliinrnf, and are still subsisting in the Levant. " The Jacobites took 
their denomination from one Jacob, a Syrian, who began to disseminate 
his doctrines in the East about the closeof the sixth century. His sect are 
sometimes distinguished by the name of MonopJii/sites, the progeny of the 
Eiiti/chi'infi, who asserted the single nature of Christ, in opposition to the 
orthodox, who maintained that his nature was twofold,— human and di- 
vine." — Prof. White's Serm. 

WJacohvs, a gold coin worth twenty-five shillings; so called from king 
James the first of England, in whose" reign it was struck. 

§ Jannrtrius, from Janus, an ancient king of Italy ; also, the god of the 
ytiir, who presided over the gates of heaven, and over peace and war. To 
him this month, among the Romans, was consecrated. He is painted 
wi'h two faces (bifrons vel biceps.) His temple was open in time of war, 
tad shut in time of peace. 

JEH '25^ jou 

Jehovah (Heb. n^rf"), the incommunicable name of 

God ; the self -existent , and giver of existence. 
JejuN-C/Sj a. emptif— jejune', a. jejune'ne%?>,n. 
Jesus, mA. Qwcv<;,ahl3^w'',He\).) Our Blessed Saviour. 

Jesh'ua, n. jesuit'ic, a. Je'sus, n. 

*Jes'u\t, n. jesuit'icdiX.) a. Jo'se, n. 

J^es'?/itess, n. _;gsMi/'ically, ad. Jo'ses, n. 

jes'uii&Aj a. jes'uitlsmj n. Josh'ua, n. 

Soo-vs, m. 2. a joke or jest: as, jocose', full of jokes, or 
given to jest; joc'uhxly, in a laughable oi'joki?igws.y. 
•jocose', a. joc'ularly, ad. joc'undness, n. 

jocose\y, ad. jocular'ity, n. jocim'dity, n. 

jocose'neiis, n. joc'uiatox, n, joke, n. & v. 

jocos'ity, n. joc'ulatoxy, a. jo'king, n. & a. 

jocose'iious, a. joc'und, a. jo'k'mgly, ad. 

joc'ulox, a. joc'undly, ad. jo'ker, n. 

JoiN-DRE, V. (Fr. a jimgo), to join. (See Jungo.) 
JouR,t m. {Fv.)ada?/: n.s, jou /ney, the tvayei of a da?/; 
sojouriZj to dwell any where for a time. 

adjourn', v. joiir'nalize, v. rejourn', t*. 

aci;oMrn''mentj n. jour'ney, n. & v. sojoirrn, v. &. n. 

j- jour'nal, n. ijljowr'neyman, n. sojour'ner, n. 

jour'iialist, n. joicr'ney -work, n. sojour'ning, n. 

* Jesuit (Jesuite, Fr.), one of a religious and leamed order, founded by 
Ignatius Loyola, a Spanish military man, in the sixteenth century ; which 
presumed to take the name of the Society of Jesus. " This society having 
been erected on purpose to fight the Pope's battles, not with prayers, and 
tears, and monastic addresses, but with learning, policy, and address,— 
its members are freed from all service or austerities, which would interrupt 
their studies, or might render their address less agreeable to all sorts of 
people."— D)- Geddes's Tracts. The word, in our language, has been ap- 
plied to men of great cunning, craft, and deceit; whence the common word 

t Jour, journal (Fr.) giornale (Ttal.) probably from dies, diurmis (Lat.) 
the soft sound of di in diurnus, being nearly equivalent to the French y. 

:j: Journeymav, a workman hired by the day. They were called journey' 
men that wrought with others by tlie day, though now by statute it be ex- 
tended to those likewise that covenant to work in their occupation with 
another by the year.—Cotvel. 

Y 2 

JUB 258 JUD 

JuBlL-i/M;, n. 2. a joi/ftil shout. 

ju'bildnt, a. jubila'ilon, n. *ju'bihe^ n. 

JucUND-c7Sj a. pleasa?lt — jucun'dity,n. 

JuDAHjt (rr^nrT", the jjraise of the Lord, ah m% to 
put ox hold forvDard ox forth; to profess ox confess, 
to praise), the fourth son of Jacob. 
•fJeiv, n. Jeiv'xy, n. Jiida'ically, ad. 

Jew'ess, n. "fJu'dah, n. Ju'daism, n. 

Jezv'hh, a. Ju'das^ n. Ju'da'ize, v. 

Jew'hhly, ad. Jiide'a, n. Ju'daizsr, n. 

Jew'i%\\nesii, «. Juda'lc&\., a. 

~ The Jubilee was the grand Sabbatical year of the Jews, celebrated after 
every seven septenaries of years ; viz. every forty-ninth or fiftieth year, in 
commemoration of their deliverance out of Egypt This was a year of ge- 
r.'^raL release, not only of all debts, like tlie coinmon Sabbatical year, but 
of all Klai'e-^ ; and of all lands and possessions which had been sold, or 
f hcr\\ris3 alienated from the families and tribes to which they originally 
belonged. Critics are not agreed about the etymology of the word b^lT", 
Jiihel. Some derive it from Jubal, the inventor of musical instruments. 
Gen. iv. 21.; and suppose that this year was named after him, because it 
!" .1 year of mirth and Joy, on which music is a common attendant ; or as 
w? say in English, a jovial time ; the word jovial being perhaps a corrup- 
tion of the Hebrew word Jobel; or else, because it was ushered in with the 
'.-na.'ical sound of the trumpet through the whole land. There is another 
opinion, which bids as fair for probability as any, that Jobel comes from 
/"", jabal, in hiphil b^lurT, hebil, which signifies to recal, restore, bring 
hack, &c. because this year restored all slaves to their liberty, and brought 
back all alienated estates to the families to which they originally belonged. 
Accordingly, the Septuagint renders Jabel, a.0iiric, a remission. Lev. xxv. 
]ii. ; "and see 8— 19. AndJosephus saiih it signifies i\svO;c,xv, liberty. — 
Juscp, Antiq. Lib. III. cap- xii. sect. 3. — See Jennings' Jew, Antic;. 

t In the strictest sense, this appellation rT'l'in', Jehudim, lo'Axioi, or 
Jeics, belongs only to the posterity and tribe of JudaJi, after the defection 
of the ten tribes. Hebi e'vs, in the full extent of the word, were the pos- 
terity of Abraham, the Hebrew; Israelites, the posterity of Jocoft, or Is- 
rael ; and Je'.cs, the posterity of Judah, one of the sons of Israel. But 
after the division of Abraham and Israel's posterity into two kingdoms, 
under Rehoboam and Jeroboam, the one (under Rehoboam), was called 
the kingdom of Judah, because the tribe of Judah had the greater part of 
it, and also because the kings were of that tribe ; the other, ( wt-.o revolted 
under Jeroboam), consis'^ing of ten tribes, was called the kingdom of Israel. 
Hence arose a distinction" between Jetcs and Israelites. But as the ten 
tribes were afterwards, in a manner, l^st in the Assyrian captivity, and the 
kingdom of Judah only continued through succeeding ages a body politic, 
the name Jews came to be applied indifferently to all Hebrews and Israel- 
ites, whether they belonged to the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, or to 
the ten revolting tribes, whether they returned to Judea (as no doubr some 
of the ten, as well as of the two, tribes did, Ezra vi. 17.) or not.— Jennings' 
J^ew, Antiq,. 




JuDic-o,u. 1. (jus dicere Jo spea/c the !aw,toadminisier 

justice), to give sentence, to judge: as, ju^dicatory, 

distributing justice, or a couriof justice; judici'al, 

relating to a judge or legal justice ; iprej^udice, 

judgement fo lined before hand without examination. 

ab/uWJcated, a. in;u(i«ci'ousness, n. Y>Teju(lf/e', v. 

tihjudica'lion, n. judge, n. & v. 'prcjjtdffe'ment, n. 

ndjudge^, v. jndg'er, n. 

a.djudge'inent, n. judpe'ment, n. 

a.dju'dica.te, v. judge'shi-p, n. 

adjudicaUion, n. ju'dicatory,n. Sea. 

dijii'dicate, v. ju'dicative, a. 

dijudica'tion, n. ju'dicature, n. 

extrajudici'al, a. judici'aX, a. 

extraJudici'aMy^ad. judici'ally, ad. 

jiidici'axy, a. 

judici'ous, a. 
injndici'al, a. judici'ously, ad. 

iujiidicVous, a. ^'wrfici'ousnesSj 7i. 
iiiju'did'onsly, ad. misjudge', v. 

Ji:g\jl-um, n. 2. the throat — ju'guloi, a. 

JuG-c7M, n. 2. a yoke : as, Q,(m!jug^, relating to mar- 
riage; ^jugaiQ, to \myoke ; ad!juga\Q,, to yoke to ; 
cony^r^ate, to join, to tie, as it were to one yoke. 
Vib'jugdiie, v. conjugate, v. sub'J?/_^ate, v. 

adjiigate, v. conjuga'tion, n. snhjuga'iiou, n. 

as.suh'jugats, v. 'subdue', v. yoke, ii. & v. 

conjugal, a. suhdic'ahle, a. g ok e'-fsllovr, n. 

con'jM^'J-lly; «f^' subc?M'al, n. goke'mate, n. 

JuNG-0, V. ?>. to join: as, adjmict, sovaQiliuig joined 
or united to (though not essentially) ; conyw7zc7ion, 
ajoinwig or connectiVig together ; (mjoin' , or mjoin', 
to make to join, (to direct, to order); sub/'«wc7ive 
joined under, or added to. 
BdjrAr,', V. p.djoiii' nr, a. ad'jiinct, n. & a. 

•pveju'dicdte, v. & a. 
"pxejudica'liou, n. 
■preju'dicaiive, a. 

prej'udice, n. & v. 
piejudici'al, a. 
l,Tejudici'al\y, ad. 
iprejudici'alness, n. 
rejudge', v. 
unjudged' , a. 

unY'Xej'udiced, a. 

iiabtiue. bfce foot-r.olc, p. JC8. 




Vid'junctly, ad. disjoint', v. 
adjunc'tion, n. disjunct', a. 
adjunc'tive, a.Si. n. dis;M,«c7ion, n. 
adjunc' lively, ad. di^junc'tive, a. 

junc'tiox), n. 
Junc'tiye, a. 
junc'ture, n. 
*jun'ta, or 
dis/wncVively, ad. jun'to, n. 

conjoin , V. eiyom , v. mis;(n?r, v. 

conjoint', a. enjoin'er, n. reconjoin' , v. 

conjointly, ad. enjoin'ment, n. rejoin', v. 

conjunct', a. injoin', v. rejoin'der, n. 

conjunct'ly, ad. injunc'tion, n. rtjoint', v. 

conjunc'tion, n. join, v. subjoin', v. 

conjunc'tive, a. join'ing, n. swhjunc'tion, n. 

conjunc'tiveiy, ad. join'er, n. sub/wnc'/ive, a. 

conjunc't\venQ%s,n. join'ery, ii. unjoin'ttd, a. 

coujunc'lute, n. joint, n. &. v. unjoin', v. 

disjoin', V. jointly, ad. unjoint', v. 

JuNCT-t/Sj 2^. p. (a ]\xTigo), joined. (See Jungo.') 
JuNC-t7S^ m. 3. a bulrush, ci flag — -jiui'cou?,, a. 
Jupiter^ ]OY-is, m. 3. the chief god of the Greeks and 
Romans ; as^ jVvia\, relating to, or under the in- 
fluence of Jupiter, (ga?/, airy, merry, cheerfid.) 
jol'ly, n. jol'lity, n. jo'insdness, n. 

jol'lily, ad. jo'vidl, a. jo'vialist, n. 

jol'liness, n. jo'vidM^y, ad. jo'vialty, n. 

JuR-0, v.l. to swear : as, ohjurd', to cast off, retract, 
or recant upon oath; n,dju7'e', to impose a7i oath, 
or charge earnestly by oath ; ^^^jury, sworn through 
or contrary to the truth, (false oath.') 

abjure', v. 
ab/wr'er, n. 
ahjura'lion, n. 
abjure'mtni, n. 
adjure', v. 
adjur'er, n. 

adjura'tion, n. 
conjure', V. 
conjura'tiou, n. 
conjure'nxQni, n. 
conjure, v. 
con'jurer, n. 

■\-ju'7-at, n. 

ju'roT, n. 
tjic'ry, n. 
ju'rynian, n. 
nonju'ring, a. 

* Junta or Junto, a cabal ; abody of men combined many secret design; 
a congress of statesmen, a council. 

t Jurat, a magistrate in some corporations. ■!;. " Jury, a company of 
m?n, as twenty four or twelve, sworn to deliver a trutb upon such evidence 
as «hall be delivered them touching the matter in question." — Coivel 




'nonjnroT, n. 
"per'jure, v. 

■pcvjitreT, n. 
■psr'jury, n. 

unper^wred, a. 

Jxjs, ]uT-ts, n. 3. right, law, justice : as, Ycv'jury, hurt 
without justice ; jurid'ical, admmistering justice 
or law ; yMr/spru'dence, the science of law. 

m'jure, v. 
in'Jnrer, n. 
xn'jitry, n. 
inju'riovs, a. 
in/wViously, ad. 
in/«Viousness, n. 

jurid'ical, a. 
jurid'icaWy, ad. 
^Mn's-con'sult, n. 
jnrisdic'tion, n. 
J«ri.sdic'tional, a. 

jurisdic'tive, a. 
jurisTpru'dence, n. 
juris^pr\x'dsnt, a. 
J?/Vist, n. 
unin^'iired, a. 

JvsT-us, a. (a. ^ns),just, vpright, lawful, reasonable : 
2iS,,J2is'ti^Y ,lQTi\?ikejust, (to clear from imputed guilt ; 
to free fi'om past sin by pardon ; to maintain.) 

ad;^<5<', v. 
adjus'ler, n. 
adjust'ment, n. 
ir\j7is'tlce, n. 
just, a. & ad. 
justly, ad. 
just'ness, n. 
"^jus'ticQ, n. 

justii'iCdXixQ, a. 

nrijiist'., a. 
uujrisily, ad. 
uxijus'ti^ahle, a. 
unjus'tiRahly, ad. 

u-njus'ii&ed, a. 

jus'licedh'i-p, n. 
JHsiic'iary, il. & a. 
jus'tify, V. 
Jus'tifier, n. 
j?<s7ifiable, a. 
jus'ti?id^Ay, ad. 
j'w/^ifiablenesSj n. 
justi^Cdi'iion, n. 

JvT~uM, sup. (a juvo), to help. (See Juvo.) 
JvYE'N-is, a. young : SiS,jic'veni\ej belonging to youth. 

ju'venile, a. ju'nior, a. xejiivenes^cence, n. 

juvenH'hy, n. juniov'ity, n. xejuvenes'cency, n. 

Jvv-o, v.\. to help, to assist : as, adju%r, one who 
helps ; coadju'toY, one who assists another, (a fel- 
low -Ae/^er.) 

ad^'w^aricy, n. ad^'?<^ant, n. 

* Nonjuror, one who, conceiving James II, unjustly deposed, refuses to 
swear allegiance to the Hanoverian family, who have succeeded him. 

t Justice, the virtue by which we give to every man what is his due. It 
is either distributive, belonging to magistrate* ; or commutat4vt, respecting 
common transactions between men. 

LAB 262 LAB 

ad'^Muant, a. airfless, a. coad^w^aut, a, 

aid, V. *a?'d'^'-de-camp, n. coadJ?i'ior, n. 

aid'evy n. coad^'u^ancy, 7i. coadju'/rix, n. 


LabI-173/, n.2. thelip-la'hidX^a. la'biatcd,a, /a5Jodent'al,a. 

Lab-0 {xdZu, for >i«jit€«v&)), ?o toX'e ; as^ sylYaMe, a 

taking together, or uttering, a letter, or a number 

of letters, at a single effort or impulse of the voice. 

•fas'tro/aJe, n, polysyHaft'ical, a. syllab'ic, a. 

dis'syl/a^le, ?i. quadrisyl'/aftle, n. syllab'ical, a. 

mon'osyl/aile, n. quinquisyl7a61e, w. syl/ai'ically, ad. 

monosyl/rtfi'ic ,a. septisyl7aWe, n. ^sylVaiiis, n. 

octosyVlable, n. sexisylVaJle, ru tris'yl/«ile, n. 

porysyl/aJle, n. syl7a61e, n. & v. trisyl/ai'ical, a. 

Lab-or, v. dep. 3. to fall or ^//c/e : as, collapse', to fall 
together, (to close so as that one side touches the 
other); suhlapsa'rmn, done under or after the fall 
of man. 

collapse', V. §inter/a/)se', n. relap'ser, n. 

collapsed', a. la'bent, a. suhlapsa'ria,n,n.Si.a- 

coVap'sion, n. lapse., n. & v. sub/ajo'sary, a. 

delapsed', a. lap'sed, a. ^supra/ajosaVian, n. 

elapse', v. -preterlapsed', a. & a. 

\\illapse', n. relapse', x>. & n. su-pxalap'sary, a. 

* Aide-de-eamp, an officer who attends the general that has the chief 
command of the army, to carry his orders to the inferior officers. 

i Astrolabe, an instrument chiefly used for taking the altitude of the pole, 
sun, or 3tars at sea. 

i Syllabus, an abstract ; a oompendivm containing the heads of a dis- 

P Illapse, literally, a /ailing on ; a gradual emission or entrance of one 
thing into another ; a sudden attack ; a casual coming. 

5 Interlapse, the flow of time between any two events. 

tI The tupralaptarians, with whom the object of the decree is : homo 
conditus, man created, not yet fallen ; and the sublapiarians, with whom 
it is man fallen, or the corruot m&is.—Iianwiortd. 




liABOR, m. 3. labour J toil : as, labo'rious, full of labour 
or toil ; la¥ oratory, a place where medicines are 
prepared, (a chemist's work-room.) 

elab'orately, ad. 
elab'ora (eness, n. 
elabora'tion, n. 

inelab'orate, a. 
la'bour, n. & v. 
la'bourer, n, 
labo'riou&, a. 
labo'riously, ad. 
labo'rioxxsuQSS, n. 

la'bourless^ a. 
la'boursome, a. 
underla'bourer, n. 
Mnla' bour&A., a. 
un/afioVious, a. 

lab'oratoiy, n. 

Labyrinth-i^s, m. 2. a maze, or a place formed with 
inextricable windings — *lab'yrinth,n. labi/rin'thian,a. 

Lac, \act-is, n. 3. milk: as, lac'teo]., belonging to milk 
or ch?/le — a white juice like milk; /«c^es'cent, be- 
coming or producing milk. 

^lac'iage, n. lactes'cent, a. 

lacte'an, a. lactiferous, a. 

lac'tedX, a.8i n. ^dhlec'tate, v. 
lac'teous, a. ohlecta'tion, n. 

lacies'cence, n. lac' tic, a. 

Lacer, a. torn, rent: as, lac'erahle, that may be torn. 

delac'erate, v. dUacera'tion, n. lac'erate, v. 

dp.lacera'tion, n. illac'erahle, a, tacera'tion, n. 

dilac'erate, v- lac'erahle, a. lac'eratiwe, a. 

•f-ab/ac/o'/ion, 7U 
Xdelac taction, n. 
\\lac'taxy, n. 

lacta't'wn, n. 

* iMhyrinthus, a building whose numerous passages and perplexing 
windings, render the way from it difficult, and almost impracticable. 
There were four very famous among the ancients, one near the city of the 
Crocodiles or Arsinoe in Egypt ; another in Crete ; a third at Lemnos ; and 
a fourth in Italy, built by Porsena. That of Crete, built by Dadalus, was 
the most famous of all in classic history ; that of Arsinoe, the most ancient. 
It was divided into twelve halls, and 3000 chambers ; 15(i0 in the upper 
part, and the same number below ; hence a maze, or place formed with 
ijiextricable ivinditigs. — See Lempriere's Class. Diet. 

t Ablactation, one of the methods of grafting ; and according to the sig- 
nification of the word, as it were a weaning of a scion by degrees from its 
mother stock, not cutting it oflf wholly from the stalk, till it is united 
to that on which it is grafted. :{: Delactation, aiveanivg from the breast. 

II Lactary, a place where milk is kept, a dairy-hotise, 

§ Lactage, produce from animals yielding mi'ik. 

Tl Oblectate, to delight or please,— as milk to a child. 

LAC 264) LAN 

Lachrym-^i, /. I. a tear: as, lach'tymdhlej worthy of 
tears, (lamentable.) 

delachryma'tion,n. lach'rT/mahle, a. lachryrna'tioxi^ n. 
iliac h'ri/mahlc, a. lach'ri/m&Ty, a. *lach'rr/matory, n. 
lach'ryrmX) a. 

Laconi-^, /. L the country of the Spartans or Lace- 
demonians in Peloponnesus, who spoke and wrote 
in a short, concise, and pithy style; hence 

lacon'ic, a. lacon'ically, ad. lac'onlsin, n. 

/aco/i'ical, a. 

Lament-oh, to bewail: as, lam'entahlQ, to 
be lamented, (causing or expressing sorroec, pitiful.) 

lament', v. & n. lamenta't'ion, n. lament'ing, a. 
lam'entahls, a. lament'er, n. nnlameni'ed, a. 

lam'entably, ad. 

Lamin-^, /. \. a thin plate: as, lam^elhr, relating to 

thin scales or plates. 

lam'ina, n. lam'ellar, a. lam'elhted, a. 

lam'inated, a. 

Lan-^, /. L wool : as, lan'ifice, woollen manufacture. 
lanig'eToiis, a. 

Lance- ^, /. L a lance, a spear: as, lan^cinate, to tear 

or 7'end as by spea^-s. 

lance, n. & v. lan'cet. n. 

lan'cer, n. 

Langu-eo, v. 2. to fade, to droop : as, lang'uidi, fad- 
ing, (faint, weak; dull.) 

lang'u'idi, a. lang'u\%\\, v. 8c n. /an^'wishing, n. 

lang'uidXy, ad. lang'uisher, n. lang'u\&\im^y, ad. 
iang'uidness, n. lang'uishm.erity n. lang'uor, n. 

* Lachrymatory, a vessel in which tears are gathered to the honour of 
the dead. 

LAN 265 LAS 

LaNI-USj m.2.abutcker-^ila'ni?Ltt^v.*la'mz.xy,n. 
JjAi^cuGOfin-is,/. 3. soft tender hair or down-lami'ginous,a, 
La-OS (a«o?);, the people: as, laxity, the people, as dis- 
tinguished from the clergy. 

Archela'us, n. lay^ a. Zaodice'ans, n. 

la'ic, a. & n. /ay'man, n. Nic'o/a*, n. 

/a'ical, a. Laodice'a., n, Nico/a'i/ans, n. 
la'ity, 71. 

LAPis^id-?5, «z. 3. a stone: as^ di/a/?'eVate, to free from 
stones, (to go to niiri;, or make desert) ; lap'idoxy, 
one who deals in stojies and ge7ns. 
dilapidate, v. lapides'cent, a. 

dilap Ida' lion, n. ■flapida'tion, 7i. -flapidific, a. 
inlap'idate, v. lap'idht, n. 

•flap'icide, ru lapides' cence, n. la'pis, n. 

lap'idaxy, «. «Sc a. 

Laps-17s, p. p. (a laho), /alien or glided. (See Labor.) 
IjAdVE-us, m. 2. a snare, a trick. 

illa'qiiev>.te, v. 
Lab.J)-um, n. 2. bacon ; the grease of swine. 

lard, n. &. v. lar'derer, n. "H^lar'diy, n. 

"J^lar'der, n. /aro'a'ceous, a. 

Larg-17.5v, a. big, extensive, liberal: as^ lar'gess, a gift. 

enlarge', v. large, a. lar'gess, n. 

enlar'ger, 7i. large'ly, ad. \\ largiti'on, n. 

enlarge'xnent, n. large'ness, n. unen/arped', a. 

Lasciv-17Sj a. lewd, lustful, wanton. 

lasciv'ions, a. lasciv'iousness,n. 

lasciv'iously, ad. 

h ASS-US, a. weary, worn-out — las'siivAe, n. 

• Laniary, a shambles, or place where meat is sold. Laniate, to tear 
or cut in pieces like a butcher. 

jLapicide, a. stove-cutter. Lapidation, a stoning. Lapidific,foTTC\mgstorte. 

t Larder, a room where meat is kept or salted, hardrj/, a place where 
victuals are kept. 1 Largition, the act of giving: 


LAT 266 LAT 

L ATE-o, V. 2. to hide, to conceal: as, la' teni,kidden, secret. 

ia'iency, n. iat'iiancy, n. 

la'ieut, a. 

Later, m. 3. a brick or tile — later iti'ons, a, 
Latin-lts, a. {a Latium, n. 2. a country of Italy), 
Latin, or of the people o/'Latium. 

'"LaVin, n. & a. lat'im&xn, n. latin'ity, n. 

lat'inly, ad. lat'inist, n. lafinize, v. 

LATRi-^t (xxT^ux, d XttT^ig, a servant), service for 
hire; worship: as, demonora^ry, \h.Q worship oi 
the devil ; -pyrol'atry, ^re -worship, 

demonora/ry, n. idoratry, n. idol'atrize, v. 

iconora/er, n. idolatYical, a. "fla'tria, n. 

idol'atex, h, ido/'«/rous, a. ytyxoratry, n. 

ido/'a^ress, n. idoro/rously, ad. 

Latr-0, o.l. tobark: as,ob/«77*ate, to ^ar/?; or ro^// against, 

la'trani, a. 
obla'trsiie, v. 

Latum, sup. (« fero, latum), to carry, to bear, to bring: 
as, diil'atory, carrymg asunder or hither and thi- 
ther, {tardy, loitering) ; legislate, to carry, pass, 
or make laws; reUatiwe, carrying or bringmg back, 
(Jtavi7ig relations) ; ob/a7ion, an of/ering, a sacrifice. 

ab/a'/ion, n. collate', v. cdlla'ior, n. 

JabVafive, a. col/a'iion, n. 

anti-prelat'ic, a. cor'relate, n. 

antipre/a/'ical, a. coUa'tive, a. ||corre/''a/ive, a. 

* Latin, written or spoken in the language of the old Romans. 

t Latvia, the highest kind of tcorship; distinguished by the Papists from 
dtilia, or inferior worship. 

X Ablative, that takes away ; dcMOting \.\\9.si3cth case of the Latin nouns ; 
the case which, among other significations, includes the person from whom 
something is taken away. 

D Correlative, literally, carri^irjg- back with; having a reciprocal re/aftow, 
so that the existence of'^one in a particular state depends upon the existence 
of another ; as, father and son, husband and wife, &c. are correlative terms. 




correrariveness, n. mistrans/a/e', v. re/a'don, n. 
dil'atoTj, a. mistrans/a7ion, n. re<d'/ionship, n. 

mistrans/a'^OTj 7i. Tel'atixe, a. & n. 
* oblate', a. 

ohla'tiou, n. 

dU'atonly, ad. 
di^'a^oriness, n. 
elate', a. & v. 
ela'tion, n. 
iVlativQ, a. &. n 
iVlati\e\y, ad. 
illa'tion, n. 
mdiU'atQjy, a. 
ixxel'ative, a. 
ixte.l'ati\e\y, ad 
leg'idate, v. 
legis/a7ion, n. 

Y>xel'acy, n. 
•\}^xel'ate, u. 
pre/'a^eship, it,. 
pre/apical, a. 
pre/c/'ically, ad. 

pre/'a/ure, n. 
pre/'a^ureship, n. 

re/'a/ively, ad. 
re/'«#iveness, n. 
sub/a7ion, w. 
super'/afive, a. 
superVadvely, ad. 
superVa^ivenesSj n. 
ixan^late' , v, 
trans/arable, a. 
trans/a'/ion, n. 
trans/o'^or, n. 
txansla'ioxy, a. 
unpre/aif'ical, a. 
unre/a'/ed, a, 
unxel'ativej a. 

un trans/a '/able, a. 
untrans/a'^ed, a. 

leg'is/a/ive, a. Jpro/a/e', v. 

legis/a'/or, 7i. 4^pro/'a/e, a. 
legis/a'/ress, n. 

legis/a'/ure, n. lelate', v. 

misxelaie', v. lela'iex, n. 
misre/a'/ion, n. 

Latus, er-ts, n. 3. the side : as, lat'eral, belonging to 
the side ; collat'erai, sides together. 
collat'eral, a. lat'eraUy, ad. quadri/a/^eral, a. 

collat'erally, ad. septilat'eral, a. 

equilat'eral, a. multi/a<'^ral, a. tiilat'eral, a. 
lat'eral, a. 

Lat-us, a. bt'oadj wide: as, latitude, a hemg bi-oad ox 
wide; dilate', to widen, (to speak lar^elj/ and copiousl?/.) 

dilate', v. & a. dilata'tioxi, n. lat'itnde, n. 

dila'tox, or di/a7able, a. )|/a/itudina'rian, n. 

di/a7er, n. di/a/abil'ity, n. & a. 

di/a7ion, n. /a/iros'trous, a. /a/itudina'rianism,7i 

* Oblate, flatted at the poles— used of a spheroid. 

t Prelate, one carried or advanced before the rest ; an ecclesiastic of the 
highest order and dignity of the church. 

% Prolate', v. to pronounce, to utter. Prol'ate, a. extended beyond an 
exact round. 

II Latituditiarian, one who thinks and acts at large; one who depart* 
from orthodoxy, or who is free in religious opinions. 

LAU 268 LEG 

Laur-i;s, /. 4. or 2. a laurel or hay-tree. 

*lau're&te, v. a. & n. lau'relj n. lau'relled, a. 

*laurea'tion, n. 

LauS;, laud-?5, /. 3. praise; glory : as^ ?)XIqw' , to give 
to, to admit ; lau'datorj, bestowing jt?ra/se. 
allow', V. illati'ddblj, ad. lau'dahleness, n. 

laud, n. & V. laudahiVity, n. 

lau'der, n. ■\-lau'danuxn, ti. 

lau'dahle, a. 

lau'dahly, ad. lau'dalory, a. &. n. 

illau'ddble, a. 

Lavo, v. 1. & 3. (xov&>), to zcash : as, laun'dr^y a 
place or room in which clothes are washed, 
laun'der, n. tj^la'va, n. lave, v. 

laun'derer, n. lava'iion, n. §/a'uer, n. 

laun'dress, n. \\lav'atoTy, n. lo'i'ion, n. 

laun'dry, n. 

liXX-us, a. loose, open : as, lax'itj, a being loose ; 
Y^dix' , loose, (long, tedious.) 

lax, a. & n. laa/at'iveaess, n. pro/j\r'ious, a. 

laxly, ad. prolix', a. relax', v. & n. 

lax'iiy, n. •pxoUx'ly, ad. relax' able, a. 

lax'ne&s, n. prolix'ness, 7i. relaxa'iion, n. 

laxa'tion, n. -pTolix'ity, n. rtlax'ative, a. & n. 
lax'aiive, a. & n. 

LecH-ER, v. (Fr.) tolick,totaste-rel'ish,n.&.v.rcl'ish&hle,a. 

Lecher, (Eng. a luxuria), a lewd or lustful person. 

lech'er, n. & v. lech'erous, a. lech'erousness, n. 

lech'ery, n. lech'er onsly, ad. 

* Laureation, denotes, in the universities, the act or state of having de- 
grees conferred, as they have in some of them a flowery crown, in imita- 
tion of laurel among the ancients. Laureate, to crown with laurels. 

+ Laudanum (a cant word from laudo, Lat.) a soporific tincture. 

X Lava (Ital.) liquid and vitrified, or sulphureous matter discharged by 
volcanoes at the time of their eruption. 

Lavatory, a wash : something in which parts diseased are tvashea. 

§ Laver, a washing vessel. 

LEC 269 LEG 

Lect-os (xiKTog, a xtyu), said, spohen. (See Lego.) 
hucT-UM, sup. {a lego), to gather, to read. (See Lego,^; 
Lect-i/s, p.p. (a lego), gathered, read. (See Lego.) 
JuEGAT-us, p.p. (a lego) J sent away. (See Lego, v. 1.) 

Leg-o, V. \.to send as an ambassador ; toleavehy will,to 
bequeath : as, allege', to send on ambassage, (to affirm, 
to bring as an excuse or proof; to cite or quote.) 

eib'tegate, v. coVleagueshi-p, n. 

&hlega'tion, n. colleg'atary, n. \\legateQ.', n. 

allege', v. coVlege, n. leg'ate, n. 

allega'tion, n. coV lege -like, a. lega'don, n. 

slleg'er, n. cdlle'gial, a. leg'atine^ a. 

coMe' gia.n, n. /^^'a/eship, n. 

colle'giate, a. & n. misallege', v. 

*del', n. misal/e^a'/ioiij n. 
■\diel'egsi\.e,v.n.&.a. rel'ega.te, v. 

colleague', v. delegation, n. relega'iion, n. 

coY league, n. Xleg'&cy, n. uncol/e'^iate,tJ. &a. 

Leg-o, v. 3. (A£y<w, to say), to gather, to read, to choose : 
as, collect', to gather together ; d'igWile, that may he 
gathered out^ or fit to be chosen ; e/ec7ion, the act of 
choosing or gathering out ; lec'ture, the thing 7-ead, (a 
discourse) ; neglect', not to gather, (to omit by care- 
lessness) ; -prolegom'ena, introductory observations. 

%a.catalec'tic, n. col/^c'/OTshipj w. ^cd[leclu'neons,a. 

collect', V. collec'tive, a. 

collec'tion, n. collec' lively, ad. **d.i'alect, n. 

collec'tox, n. collec'tihle, a. •|--}-dia/^c'/ic, a. & n. 

* Delegacy, a number of persons sent to act for, or to represent, a public 
body. t Delegate, one sent to act for another, a deputu, a vicar. 

X Legac;/, a. thing left by will. || Legatee, one who has a 

legacy left him. § Acatalectic, a verse which has the complete number of 
syllables, without d«ect or superfluity. *\ Cullectaneous or collectitious, 
gathered up together, — as notes compiled from various books. 

** Dialect, literally, a reading or speaking asunder or apart ; the sub- 
division of a language, as of the Greek— the Attic, Doric, Ionic, ^Eolic 
dialects ', style or manner of expression ; language or speech. 

ft Dialectic or dialectical, logical, argumental. 
z 2 




dia/ec'/ical, a. indU'igent[y,ad. 

dia^(?c/ici'an, n. inel'egknce, n. 
di/'a^ence, n. inel'egancy, n. 

dU'igent, a. ineregant, a. 

(\U'igently, ad. itie/'e^aiitly,arf. -j- 
*eclec'tic, n. & a. "l^in'tellect, n. 
tied', V. a. & n. intel/ec7ion, n. 
elec't'wn, n. intellective, a. 

eleciioneeT'mg,a.SL inte\lec'tu.a.l, a. 
elec'live,a. [n. inteUecVualist, n. 
elec'tively, ad. 

elec'toT, n. 
clec'toress, n. 
elec'toral, a. 

elec'toxate, n. 
el'egance, n. 
el'egancy, n. 
el'egant., a. 
el'egantly, ad. 
'^el'egit, n. 
el'igihle, a. 
eligihiVityy n. 
iMeg'ihle, a. 
illeg'ihly, ad, 
iUegihiYity, n. 
indi/'i^ence, n. 
indi/'i<7ent, a. 

intelVj^ence, n. 

inieVligsncy, n. 

intel7i^encer, n. 

Intel 7j_<7encing, a. 

intel'/i^ent, a. 

intelY/^gi'ently, ad. 

intel/i^ren'tial, a. 

intel7J^ible, a. 

intelYi^ribly, ad. 

intel'/j^iblenessj n 
Wlec'tion, n. 
§/ec7ionary, n. 

lec'lure, n. & v- 

Icc'iurer, n. 

/^c^ureship, n. 
^le'gendi, n. & v. 
••/^•^'endary, a. & n. 

leg'ihle, a. 
leg'ihly, ad. 
/«c''ibleness, n. 
legihiVity, n. 
\le'g'\on, n. 
le'giotiary, a. & n, 
les'son, 71. & u. 
Xt^ea/icon, n. 
lexicog'iaphy, n. 
lexicog'TaTpheT, n.' 
neglect', v. & n. 
ueglec'tsr, n. 
mglect'^wl, a. 
neg/ec^'fully, ad. 
negZec'^ingly, ad* 

neg'ligence, n. 
neg'ligent, a. 
ntg'ligently, ad. 
predilection, n. 
•pre-elect', v. 
■pre-elec'iion, n. 
■prelect', v. 
prelec'tion, n. 
prelec'toT, n. 
Tprolegom'enon, it. 
-prolegom'ena, n. pi. 

• Eclectic, literally, one who gathers out ; one of those ancient philo- 
sophers, who, without attaching themselves to any particular sect, ga- 
thered out or took from any author or sect, what they judged good. One 
of a sect in the Christian Church, called also modern Platonics, as consi- 
deriii£r the doctrine of Plato conformable to the spirit and geiiiub of the 
Christian. One of a sect of Physicians among the ancients. 

t Elegit, (in law,) a writ, so called. 

4 Intellect, the mind ; the power of understanding. 

II Lection, a reading or lesson ; a variety in copies. 

C Lectionary, a book containing parts of Scripture, read in churches. 

% Legend, a. chronicle or register of the lives of saints; any memorial 
or relation ; an incredible, unauthentic narrative ; any inscription, parti- 
cularly on medals or coins. 

** Legendary, relating to a legend, fabulous, romantic ; or, a reLator of 
legends ; a book of old histories. 

+t Legion, a body of men among the Romans, about 5000, chosen for 
military service ; any great number. 

Xt Lexicon, a dictionary; a book leaching the signification of words. 

LEG 271 LEO 

recollect', v. sefec'/ion, n. unlec'inred, a. 

recollec'tion, n. seleci'ness, n. unintel7i^ent, a. 

re-elect', v. selec'tor, n. unintel7i(7ible, a. 

re-elecWwn, n. uncollec'teA, a. imintel'/ir/ibly, ad. 

select', V. Sea. unelec'ted, a. uninteUi^Jbil'ity, n. 
selec'teAly, ad. 

Legumen, m-is, n. 3. all kind of pulse : as^, peas, 
beans, 8cc. — leg'ume^ or legu'men, n. leffu'minous, a. 

Leisure (Eng. a loisir, Fr.) freedom from business ; 
convenience of time. 

lei'sure, n. & a. lei'sureable, a. 
lei'surely, a. & ad. 

Len-iSj a. gentle, soft, mild : as, len'ity, a being mild. 

le'nient, a. & n. len'iment, n. len'ity, 71. 

len'itive, a. & n. 

Lens,* lent-isj f. 3. lentil, a kind of pidse. 

*lens, n. len'tiform, a. leu'til, n. 

leniic'ular, a. 

Lentigo, in-is, f. 3. a pimple on the face. 

lenti'go, n. leniig'irwns, a. 

Le-o, v. 2. or LiN-0, V. 3. to besmear or daub ; to blot: 

as, mdel'ehle, that cannot be blotted out. 

del'ehle, -fdelete'rious, or indexible, a. 

•fdel'eiery, a. inde/'ibly, ad. 

delete', v. del'etory, n. inde^ibil'ity, n, 

dele't'ion, n. mdel'ehle, or 

Leo, on-is, m. 3. a lion : as, li'only, like a lion. 

lea, n. Won, n. li'o7i-l\ke, a. 

le'onine, a. li'oness, n. 

* Lens, a piece of glass or other transparent substance of the fif^u-e of 
a lentil, which either collects the rays of light into a point, or disperses 
them, according to their form and the laws of refraction ; such as a burn- 
ing-glass, or spectacle-glass, or an object-glass of a telescope. The convex 
lens converges the rays of light, and the eof.cane disperses the rays. 

i lieleterious or deleters/, hloitiug from ; deadly, destructive, poisonous 

LEP 272 LET 

hEPR-A, f. 1. (xix^x), a loathsome disease, covering 
the body with white scales : as, lep'^x, one infected 
with a leprosy. 
lep'exj n. lep'ronsly, ad. 

lep'ewus, or lep'ronsness, n. lep'rosy, n. 

lep'r ous, a. 

Leps-is (M'-i^tg, a XxfJ^xiu, to take), a taking or receiv- 
ing : as,ana/e/>7ic,rece/ying or x^covermg, (comforting.) 

*acata/^/)'5ia, n. %dXlem'ma, n. metalep'iic, a. 

analep'tic, a. \\ep'ilepsy, n. meta^^p'rically, ad* 

antejtilep'lic, a. epi/fjo'/ic, a. **pTolep'sis, n. 

•^cataJep'sis, or eipilep'tical, a. -ffipTolep'tic, of 

catalep'sy, n. ^lem'ma, n. pro/^p7ical, a. 

catalep'lic, a. ^metalep'sis, n. pro/^jo7ically, ad, 

LepuSj oY-is, m. 3. a hare — lep'or'vuQ, a, 
Lethe {xr,h), forgetfidness, oblivion : as, leth'oxgjf 
the disease causing forget/idfiess, (a morbid drow- 
siness, the sleepy disease.) 

le'the, n. leth'axgy, n. lethar' gxcaWy , ad. 

lethe'an, a. lethar'gic, a. lethar'g'icness, n. 

lethar' g\ca\, a. /^^Aar'gicalness, n. 

* Acatalepsia, impossibility of complete recovery. 

t Catalepsis or catalepsy, the seizing or attacking of a distemper ; a 
lighter species of apoplexy or epilepsy ; a brain distemper. 

% Dilemma, a taking or receiving in either way ; an argument equally 
conclusive by contrary suppositions ; a difficult or doubtful choice ; a vexa- 
tious alternative. 

II Epilepsy, literally, the act of seiciMg- upon, or attacking ; a convul~ 
sion, or convulsive motion of the whole body, or of some of its parts, with 
loss of sense. A convulsive motion happens when the blood, or nerroua 
fluid, runs into any part with so great violence that the mind carmot re- 
tain them. — Quincy. 

§ Lemma, literally, a receiving or taking; a proposition previously 

^ Metalepsis, a changing or transposition ; a continuation of a trope 
in one word through a succession of significations. 

** Prolepsis, literally, the act of taking before ; a figure in rhetoric, 
according to which, objections likely to be advanced are answered before- 
hand ; an error in chronology, by which events are dated too early. 

ft Proleptic is a medical term applied to certain fits of a disease ; pr«- 
viouf, antecedent. 




Leth-C7m or Let-c/w, n. 2. death, 

le'ihdXy a. lethsX'hy, n. letMCerovs, a. 

Let -UM /or Lit-um (« leo/or lino), to blot. (Sae Leo.) 

Leuc~os (?^ivy.o5), white ; pale, languid. 
•/^wcophleg'macy, n. /eticophlegxnat'ic, a. 

Levi {'>^, joined ; mb, tojoin, couple^ to associate), 
the third son of Jacob by Leah. 

+ Le'uite, n. levit'\c^\ a. levit'\csX\.y, ad. 

Levig-o orLi^vio-o, u. 1. (a \ddYis,a. smooth), topolish. 
lev'igate, v. & a. leviffa'tion, n. 

Lev-0, v.l. (a levis^ a. light), to lift up, to raise: 
as, alle'viate, to make light, (to ease) ; el'evdXe, to 
9'aise up aloft, (to exalt) ; rdieve', to lift up, (to 
ease, to succour) ; lev'y, to raise, or the act of rais- 

tng money or men. 

alZj'viate, v. irreret^antly, ad. 

sXlevia'tion, n. 

el'evate, v. & a. 
eleva'tion, n. 
el'evaloT, n. 
illev'iahle, a. 
inel^evancy, n. 
xtrd'evani, a. 

\rrelieve'ah\Q, a. 

leav'en, n. 8c v. 

levant^ n. & a. 
^levan'ter, n. 

levan'iine, a. 
\\leva'toT, n. 
^lev'ee, n. 
^le'vtx, n. 

lev'iahXc, a. 
lev'y, n. & v. 
Icv'ity, n. 
levita'iion, n. 
lift, V. & n. 
lifter, n. 
lifting, n. 
**xel'evant, a. 

* Leumphlegmact/, paleness with viscid juices and cold sweatings. 

f J.evites, the posterity of Levi, were one of tlie tribes of Israel ; and from 
the great zeal they shewed against idolatry in the case of the golden calf, 
(Exod. xxxii. 26 — 28), God was pleased to set that whole tribe apart to the 
office of ministration in his service in the sanctuary, instead of the first- 
born of Israel, Numb. i. 47—54. iii. 12, 13. chap. viii. 5—26. Aaron and his 
family were appointed to theoffice of high priest, Lev. viii. 1 Chron. xxiii. 13. 
But the Levites were a lower order of ecclesiastical persons, inferior to the 
priests, and their assistants in the sacred service, lChron.xxiii.26. to the end. 

± Levanter, a strong easterly wind ; so called by the sailors in the Medi- 
terranean ; or one who bets at a horse-race, and runs away without paying 
the wager he has lost. || Levator, a chirurgical instrument, whereby depres- 
sed parts of the skull are lifted up. § Levee, the time of rising; or the con- 
course of those who crowd round a man of power in a morning. 

^Lever, " the second mechanical pou'cr, is a balance supported by a h^-po- 
mochlion (hypo, vro, under, and mochlos, ^.o^Aer, a Zerer,— or what sup- 

Eorts the lever) ; only the centre is not in the middle, as in the common ba- 
mce, but near one end ; for which reason it is used to elevate or raise a great 
weight ; wheoce comes the name lever."— Harris. **Rdcvnnt, literally, lifi- 
ing up again; relieving ; lending aid; aj^oi ding somelh'w.g to the purpose. 




relieve', v. telieve'&hle, a. nuhieva'tion, n, 

relie'vtVj n. relief , n. 

Lex^ leg-25j /. 3. a law or rule : as, ille'^al, not law- 
ful; law'i/eiy one who professes or is skilled in 
law ; le^isWtion, the act of giving laws ; le^'isla- 
tor, one who makes laws ; le^ifimate, legal, genu- 
1716, bom in marriage. 

iMe'gsil, a. 
iMe'gsiWy, ad. 
iUe'^alness, n. 
illegaX'ity.) n. 
Wle'gaXizQ^ v. 
illegit'imdte, a 

lawless, a. 

lawlessly, ad. 

lawlessness, n. 

law' -maker, n. 

law'-monger, n. 

law'yer, n. 
illegit'imately, ad. law'yerly, a. 
illegii'imacy, n. le'gal, a. 
iliegitima'tion, n. 
law, n. 
law'fnl, a. 
ldw'i\x\[y, ad. 
law' falness, n. 
/az<;-brea'ker, n. 
lawgiv'er, n. 

le'gaWy, ad. 
legal'ity, n. 
le'galize, v. 
leg'islate, v. 
legisla'tion, n. 
leg'isladve, a. 
leg'islator, n. 

leg'islatress, n. 

legisla'ture, n. 
le'gist, n. 
legitfimacy, n. 
legii'imate, a. & v. 
legit'imately, ad. 
legit'imateness, n. 
legiiima'tion, n. 
*priv'ilege, n. S^ v. 
•fsac'rilege, n. 
sacnlegi'oxas, a. 
sacrilegi'ously, ad. 
sac'ri/egist, n. 
lawgi\'mg, a. 

Liber, a. free : as, lib'erate, to free or ^Qifree; de- 
liv'er, to ^eif-ee, (to save, to give up ; to speak.) 
d.elib'€raie, v- & a. dieliv'erance, n. lib'eraHy, ad. 
delib'erately, ad. deliv'ery, n. liberal'ity, n. 

delib'erateness, n. illib'eral, a. lib'eralize, v. 

delibera'tion, n. Wlib'era^y, ad. lib'eraie, v. 
delib'erative, a.& n- i\libera\'\ty , n. 
delib'eratively, ad. indelib'erate, a. 
deliv'er, v. inde/i6'^rated,a. 

deliv'erer, n. lib'eral, a. 

* Privilege, a private law, or enjoying the advantage of a private law ; 
a special right, or peculiar advantage ; immunity, a right not univeisal. 

t Sacrilege, the crime of breaking a sacred law ; or profaning sacred 
ihings; su^ as the robbing of a church. 

% Libertine, one iinconfined, or at liberty ; one who lives without re- 
itraint or law, or who pays no regard to the precepts of religion ; (in law), 
s. freedman, or rather, the *om of a freedmatu 

libera'tion, n. 
libera'tor, n. 
Xlib'ert'me, a. & n. 

LIB 275 Lie 

. lib'eriimsm, n. redelib'ersite, v. redeliv^ery, n. 
lib'eriy, n. ledeUv'er, v. unde/i^'^rated, a. 

Liber, libri, m. 2. a book : as, li'brarj, a collection of 

books, or place where books are kept. 
*li'bel, n. & u. IVbelhus, a. libra'rian, n. 

li'belleT, n. li'brary, n. /ifiraVianship, n. 

li'beH'mg, n. 
Libido, in-is, f. 3. desire, lust, passion. 

libid'inous, a. libid'inouaness, n, nnlibid'iiio\x%, a. 

libid'inousiy, ad. libid'inist, n. 

LiB-0, taste, to touch gently ; to pour out. 

liba'tion, n. 
LiBR-^jt/. 1. a pound; a balance: as, equi//5Vmm, 
equal balance, (equality of weight, of evidence, mo- 
tives or powers) ; /^'5ral, Qi 2, pound weight. 
equi/i'irate, v. equi/iiViously, ad. li'bral, a. 
equilibra'iion, n. equi/'iSrist, n. li'brate, v. 
equilib'rium, n. eqnilib'riiyy n. libra'tion, n. 
equi/i6Vtous, a. •\-li'bra, n. 

LiCE-0, V. 2. to be lawful : as, Wlic^it, not lawful; li- 

cen'tions, unrestrained by law or morality; license' 

to permit by law. 

illic'it, a. licen'tiousness, n. 

illic'itly, ad. licen'tiaie, n. & v. lic'it, a. 

licen'tions, a. lic'itly, ad. 

li'cense, n. Si v. licen'tionsly, ad. lic'ilness, n. 

IV censer, n. 
Lici-0 (comP- foiTn of lacio, v. 3. to allure'), to draw, 

to allure: a^, elic'it, to draw out, (by labour or art.) 
elic'ii, t>. elicita'tion, n. 

LiCTORj m. 3. an officer or servant \n\\o attended on 

the principal Roman magistrates — lie' tor, n. 
LiCT-i7s, p. -p. (a linquo), left. (See Linquo.) 

* Libel, literally, a little hook or writing ; a satire; defamatory tt-'j-tfjng-/ 
a lampoon ; (in law), a declaration or charge in writing against a person 
exhibited in court. \Libra, the seventh sign in the Zodiac ; the balance. 




LiD-o (comP- form of Isedo^ v. 3. to hurt, to strike: as, 
coMisi'oTi, the act 0^ striking together. 
aUisi'on, n. coUi^i'on, n. elisi'on, n. 

collide', V. 

Lieu, m. (Fr.) place, room, stead: as^ Z/ewten'ant, one 
who holds office or rule in place or stead of another. 

lieu, n. /ieuten'ant, n. •pur'/iew, n. 

/tewten'ancy, n. /iewten'antshipj n. 

LiGX-UMj n. 2. ?e?oo(af : as^ lig'neous, made of zwo^/. 
/i^n-al'oes, tj. lig'nows, a. Iig'num»vii3i, n. 

lig'neous, a. 

LiG-0;, V. 1. ?o bind, to tie : as^ coVliga,te, to ^m^ to- 
gether; lig'atuxe, the thing ?/efl(, or act 0^ binding', 
oh'ligatorj, binding. 

ab'ligate, v. irreligi'ou&ly, ad. Job/i^ra'tOj n. 

al'ligate, v. league, n. & v. oWligatory, a. 

aMiga'tion, n. leagued!, a. oblige', v. 

lea'gzier, n. \[ohligee', n. 

c\xc\xvciliga't\on, n. li'dhle, a. dbli'ger, n. 

coYligate, v 

cdUiga'tion, n. 

deliga'tion, n. 

disoblige', v. 


disob' ligaiory, a. 

disobli'giug, a. 

disob/j'^ingly, ad. liga'lion, n 

disob/j'^ingiiesSj n. Ug'atuje, n. 

ixxeligVon, n. ob'ligate, v. 

irreligi'ous, am dbliga'tion, n. 

/t'ableness, n. 
liabiHity, n. 
liege, a. & n. 
liege'man, n. 
■flig'ament, n. 
ligamen'tal, a. 
ligamen'tons, a. 

obli'gmg, a. 
obli'g'ingly, ad. 
obi^i'^ingness, n, 
obligor', n. 
religi'ou, n. 
xeligi'oxdit, n. 
religi'ous, a. 
Teligi'ously, ad. 
religi'ousne&s, n. 

* Purlieu, literally, a place clear or exempt from the forest " In Henry 
III. 's time, the C'harta de Forestra (was) established; so that there va« 
much land disafforested, which hath been cdHed pourlieus ever since." — 
Howell's Lett. Hence the grounds on the borders of a forest ; border; 
iiidosure ; district. f Ligament, a white and solid body, softer than 

a cartilage, and harder than a membrane ; their chief use is to fasten the 
bones, which are articulated together for motion, iest they should be dis- 
located by exercise; any thing that connects; a bond or chain, 

^ Obligato (Ital.) a musical term, signifying necessary, on purpose, for 
the instrument named. || Obligee, a person to v. horn another, ciflled the 
obligor, is bound by a legal or written contract.—-See Couei. 




LiG-o (comp- form of legOj to read), to read. (See Lego.) 
LiMB-i/Sj* m^ 2. a border or margin — *lim'bo, or lim'bus.,n. 
LiMEN;, m-is, n. 3. a threshold; an entrance orbeginning. 
elim'inate,v. elimina'tion,n. "finliminejad. pre/im'inary,a.&«. 
LiMESj it-is, m. 3. a path; a limit or boundary : as, 
illim'itahle, that cannot be bounded or limited. 

illim'itable, a. lim'it, n. & v. limita'tion, n, 

\VAm'itah\y, ad. lim'ited, a. lim'itless, a. 

illim'ited, a. lim'iiedly, ad. 

il/im'27edness, n. lim'iteT, n. unlim'iied, a. 

iUimiia'tion, n. lim'itEiTy, a. nnlim'itedly, ad. 

Ltmpid-i/s, a. clear, pure, transparent, 
lim'pid, a. lim'pidness, n. 

LiNE-jj f.^. a line: as, de/m'^ate, to make lines 
down, (to sketch, to paint, to describe) ; /m'eage, 
the line or race of a family, ascending or descending. 

ovii' line, n. 
precle/mea'/ion, n. 
recti7i/i'^ar, a. 
recti/m'gal, a. 
^Mhlinea'tlou, 7i. 

cuTvUin'ear, a. line, n. 

delin'eate, v. lin'eal, a. 

delinea'lion, n. lin'eally, ad. 

delin'earaent, n. lin'eament, n. 

mterline', v. Ungear, a. 

inter/i'wing, n. linea'tion, n. 

interlinea'iion, n. lin'eage, n. xiXidtiliue', v. 

inter/m'ear, a. vtiMltUin'esl, a. un/m'eal, a. 


LiNGU-^, /. 1. the tongue; a language: a,s,li7zgim'ci- 
ous, full oxtongue; ling'uhi, one skilled in languages. 
bi/m^f'wous, a. lan'guagQd, a. linguaden' ta\, a. 

hand-Ian' guagf^,n. ling'uist, n. 

lin'go, n. lingua'cious, n. suhling'ual, a. 

lan'guage, n. 

* Limbo or Ltm6M5, (" Eo quod sit limbus inferorura," — Da Cant^e; that 
is, as if Xhe frontier ov margin of the other world), a region bordering uj)on 
liell, ill which there is neither pleasure nor pain; popularly Aei/; iMy 
place of misers/ and restraint, 

+ In limine, in the threshold or outset; before any thing is said or done. 

2 A 

HIS '-78 LIQ 

LiNQU-o, V. 3. to leave, to formke : as, deli?ig'iient, 
one whofoi'sakes oy fails in duty, (an offender.) 
delinq'uencj, n. derelic'tion, n. re/ir/^jashment, n. 

delinq'uent, n. rel'ict, n. xdin'qm&her, n. 

dex'elict, a. lelin'quish, v. Telin'quishing, n. 

Li-os {xuog), smooth, soft — ^li'enterj,a. lienter'ic, a, 

Lip-o {xiiTTiu), to leave out ; to fail : as, eUip'si?,, (in 

rhet.) something left out, (in geom.) an oval figure. 

•fedipse'y n. & v. t\lip't\c, a. §/ipoth'yiTiy, 7t. 

Xeclip'tic, a. el/i/?7ical, a. /tDoth'ymous, a. 

\\Q\hp's\%y n. Q\lip't\cdX\y, ad. 

LiQUE-0, V. 2. to melt, to be liquid or dear : as, col'- 
liquoiQ, to melt, (to turn fi'om solid to fluid), liq'~ 
wefy, to melt or grow liquid. 
c6iliq'ua\)\e, a. eliqua't'iori, n. liq'uor, n. 

colliq'uament, n. liq'uablQ, a. ^liquenr', n. 

col liqusxit, a. liq'uid, a. & n. 

coVliquate, v. liqua'tion, n. /i^'widate, v. 

coMiqua' lion, n. liq'uefy, v. Uquida'tion, n. 

col/i^'«ative, a. liqicefac't'ion, n. /i^'uidness, n. 
col'iyM^fac'ticii, n. liq'xie^ahXe, a. liquid'ity, n. 

deliq'uate, v. liques'cent, a. unliq'uified, a. 

deliqua'iioT), n. liquet' cency, n. 

* JLientery, a particular looseness or diarrhoea, wherein the food passes 
to suddenly through the stomach and guts, as to be thro%vn out by stool, 
with little or no alteration. — Qiiincy. I3ut, dysentery, a looseness wherein 
very ill humours flow off by stool, and are aJso sometinaes attended with 

t Eclipse, a leavvng or putting out ; an obscuration of the luminaries of 
heaven ; the sun is eclipsed by the intervention of the moon ; the moon, 
by the interposition of the earth ; — darkness or obscuration. 

% EcHpiic, literally, a leaving or going out; a great circle of the sphere, 
in which the sun performs his apparent annual motion. It Is supposed to 
be drawn through the middle of the Zodiac, and makes an angle with the 
equinoctial in the points of Aries and Libra, of nearly 23" 30', which is 
called the obliquity of the eoiiptic. 

II For an example, see the Author's " Outlines of English Grammar." 

§ Lipothymy, a leaving off, or /ailing the soul or heart, a swoon or faint- 
ing fit. 

T[ Liqueur, a draught oi ^ome spiritous and high-flavoured liquid, used 
by those whose gentility recoils at the vulgar phrase— a dram. 

Lift 279 LIT 

hiR-A, f. 1. a furroic or ridge of land: aSj de/e/e'ous^ 
from or out oi the furrow, {doting, raving.^ 

de/ir'ious, a. 
de^ir'ium, n. de/ir'iousness, n. 

his, Vii-is, f. 3. strife; a lawsuit : as_, lifigate, to 
contest in law j litigi'ous, given to law-suits. 
delil'iffSLte, v. lit'tgate, v. litigVously, ad. 

delitiga'tion, n. litiffa'lion, n. /i/i^t'ousness, n. 

lit'lffcLUt, n. & a. liiigVouSj a. 

LlS-[/S (comP. form of Icestis), dashed, struck. (See Lido.) 
LiTAN-i^ {Mrxvuet),p7'a2/er, supplication — lifany,n. 
LiTER-A, /. 1. a letter : as, liferature, learn'mg or 

&]ni\ in letters ; litera'ti, the learned ; ohlife7-ate 

to put letter's out, (to efface any thing leritten.') 

SiMitera'tiQn, n. leistered, a. lit'eraxy, a. 

sMWerative, a. /e/Ver-founder, n. lit'eraXe, a. 

WUt'er&cy, n. lei'ter-pie&s, n. UU-fa'ti, n. 

il/i/'eral, a. lit'era}, a. lit^erature, n. 

illit'erate, a. lii'eraWy, ad. Hi'era.tor, n. 

illit'erateness, n. lii'eraVism, n. oblit', v. 

lit'eraXisi, n. ohlitera'iion, n. 

let'ter, n. & v. literal'iiy, n. 

LiTH-os (M6og), a stone : as, Utkoi'omj, the art or 
practice of cutting for the stone, 
"a'erolite, n. lithografh'ic, a. lithoi'oxny, n. 

•flith'arge, n. lith'omancy, n. lithot'omi^t, n. 

/t/Aog'raphy, n. if/ji^ontrip'ticj a. lilh'ic, a. 
Hihog'iajpheT, n. 

L IT-OS {>.uroq),public-\\Kt'MTgyjn. lituT^gic,a. /i/ur'gicalja. 
LiTT-us, OY-is, n. 3. the shore — lit'toral, a. 

* Aerolite, a stone, it is said, that falls from the air or atmosphere. 

t Litharge, properly, lead in a semivitreous state, gathered from silver 
ore when purifying, or otherwise prepared ; a white raetal compounded of 
lead and silver. 

% Li(hontriptic (k tribo, r^i^ai, to pour, to melt), any medicine proper 
to dissolve the stone in the kidneys or bladder. 

I Liturgy, form of prayers ; formulary' of public devotions. 

LIV 280 LOC 

\jiVR-ER, V. (Fr.) to give qt deliver up: as^ deliv'erj, 

the act 0^ giving or delivering up. 

deliv'er, v. deliv'ery, n. vedeliv'er, v. 

deliv'erer, n. *Uv'e}'y, n. & v. redQiiv'ery, ii, 

de/iyVrance, n. liv'eryman, 71. 

hixivi-UM, n. 2. li/e; water impregnated with salt of 
an2/kind—lixiv'him,n. Iixiv'i2i\.,a. lixiv'ia.te,a. lixivia' tioii,7i. 
LiX-USj (comP- form of laxus), loose ; long. (See Laxus.) 
hoc-us, m.2. a plac? : as, colVocate, to place toge- 
ther; disVocate^ to put out oi place or joint; lo'co], 
relating to place. 

abVocate, v. initxloca'tion, n. lo'cale, v. 

slloiv', V. disVocate, v. loca'tion, n. 

aVoca'tion, n. dis/oco7ion, n. /ocomo'tion, n. 

colVocate, v. & a. lo'caX, a. /ocomo'tivg, a. 

coMoca' lion, n. lo'caWy, ad, locomotiv'ity, n. 

eloca'iion, n. /ocal'ity, n. trans/oca'don, n. 

LocusT-^j /.]. a locust^ a devouring insect-flo'cusf/n. 

* liivery, the act of giving possession ; (Livery and seison is deliverr/ znd 
possession) : Release from wardship ; the writ by which possessloji is ob- 
tained. The clothes given to servants, from the scarfs or ribbands of cho- 
sen colours, given by the ladies of old to knights. " To such (knights) as 
were victorious, prizss were awarded by the judges, and presented by the 
hands of ladies, — with ribbands, or scarfs, of chosen colours, called liveries. 
Those liveries are the ladies' favours spoken of in romance ; and appear 
to have been the origin of the ribbands which still distinguish so many or- 
ders of knighthood." — Brt/djon's Summary of Heraldri/. From the old 
cavaliers wearing the livery of their mistresses, the custom of people of 
quality making their servants wear a livery, to denote service, is supposed 
to be derived,— hence a particular dress; a garb worn as a token or con- 
sequence of any thing. Livery, in former days, thus seems also to have 
been used for a cockade. Liveiy, in London, denotes the collective body 
of livei-ymen, or the freemen of a company. — Johnson's Diet, by Tod. 

t Locust, signifies, " (1.) a certain vile insect. 'I'heir nature is to be 
together, therefore vast multitudes are resembled by them, Nah. iii. 15. 
In Arabia, and other countries that are infested by them, they come in 
vast numbers upon their cam when ripe, and what they do not eat, they 
infect with their touch and their moisture coming from them ; and after- 
wards dying in great numbers, they poison the air, and cause a pestilence. 
God plagued the Egyptians, by sending swarms of them into their land, 
Exod. X. 12 — 13. (2. ) Either a large sort of gi asshoppers, or a kind of green 
herb, Lev. xi. 22. Matth, iii. 4. (3.) Authors or teachers of false doctrine, 
who infect others by instilling their poisonous doctrines into them. Rev, ix. 




LocVT-us, p.p. {a loquor);, spokejz. (See Loquor.') 
LoG-os (Aflyojj a "hiyu^ to speaF), reason, a word, a 
speech, a discourse, science or knowledge : as, an- 
ihorogy, a collection of flowers or poems ; apo/'o^y, 
defence, excuse ; astheno/'o^y, a discourse on weak- 
ness ; di'a/o^ue, a discourse between two (or more) ; 
entomo/'o(73^j a discourse on insects ; log'ic, the ar*- 
of reasoning. 

•ambiZ'o^y, n. anaro^ism, n. 

amphibo/'o^y, n. anglol'ogy, n. \\a,^'ohgvie, n. 

amphibo/o^'ical, a. anthol'ogy, n. %axetol'ogy, n. 

amphibofe^'ically, antho/op'ical, a. asthenol'ogy, n 
iJlantiZ'o^y, n. ^astro/'o^y, n. 

■j-anaZ'o^y, n. anti/o^'aritlunSj n. ustrol'oger, n. 

ana/o^'ical, a. apo/'o^y, n. 

ana/o^'ically, ad. apologet'ic, a. astro/o^'^ical, a. 

ana/o^'icalness, n, a'pologet'ical, a. **astro-theo^'o^y, n. 

anal'ogize, v. apo^'o^ist, n. atheolo'gian, n. 

ana/'o^ous, a. a^ol'ogize, v. -ff batto/'o^y, n. 

3—11." — Cruden's Scrip. Concordance. "The Hebrews had several sorts 
of locusts, which aie not known among us : the old historians and modern 
travellers remark, that locusts are very numerous in Africa, and many 
places of Asia ; that sometimes they fall like a cloud upon the country, and 
eat up every thing they meet with. Moses describes four sorts of locusts, 
(Lev. xi, 21, 22.) Since there was a prohibition against using locusts, it '<s 
not to be questioned but that these creatures were commonly eaten in Pa.- 
lestine and the neighbouring countries." — Calmet. 

* Amhilogy, amphilogy, or amphibology, discourse of UHcertaui meaning. 

t Analogy, literally, a speaking again, an anstvering to, or agiyeing 
with; the similitude of relation or j-e*em6irtnce between things with re- 
gard to some circumstances or effects ; as, learning is said to enlighten 
the mind. Thus, learning has the same relation to mind vihich light 
has to the eye ; hence, analogically, learning is said to enlighten the mind. 

X Antilogy, a contradiction between any words and passages in an author. 

II Apologue, an allegorical rfucoM;-5e, contrived to teach some moral truth. 

§ Aretology, (ab ctgirv,, arete, virtue,) that part of moral philosophy 
wliich treats of virtue, its nature, and the means of arriving at it. 

*\ Astrology, the practice of foretelling things by the knowledge of the 
stars, — an art now generally exploded as irrational and false. 

** Astro-theology, divinity founded on the observation of the celestial 

tt Bnftology, (a /Sarr^?, Battus, who made long hymns, consisting of 
many lines, full of tautologies,) or Polylogy, denotes a multiplicity of 
words, 01 often repeating one and the same thing. 

2 A 2 




batto/'o^ist, n. 

batto/'o^ize, v. 

hotanol'ogy, n. 

botano/'o^ist, n. 
*cat'a.log\ie, n. & 
•|-chiro^'o_^y, n. 

chronol'offy, n. 

chxoxiol' og tr, n. 

chrono/'o^ist, n. 

chrono/o^'ic, a. 

chrono/o^'ical, a. 

concho/'o<7y, n. 
'^craxiiol'ogy, n. 
jlcryptoro^y, n. 

AsLCiylol'ogy^ n. 
§dec'a/o^uej ii. 

dec'a/o^ist, n. 

demono/'o^y, n. 

dendro/'o^y, n. 

dendroZ'o^ist; n. 

di'a/o^isCj v. 

di'a/o^ism, w. 

di'afo^ist, 72. 

dia^o^is'tical, a. 

dia/o^ris'tically, ad. etymo/'ot/ist, n. 
di'a/o^ue, n. etymo/'o^ize, u. 

diW0;i^ue-writer,7i. -j-eucho^o^y, n. 

^doxoZ'o^y, n. 
V. doxo?o^'icalj a. 
"ec'logne^ n. 
"fel'oge, n. 

enterol'ogy, n. 

entoxnol'ogy, n. 

entomo/o^'ical, a. 

entomo/'o^ist, n. 
:|:ep'i/o.^ue, n. 

epi/'o^ize, v. 
Ilepi/'o^ism, n. 

epi/o^is'tic, a. 
§etho/'o^y, n. 

etho/o(/'ical, a. 
^etio/'o^y, n. 
•etymo^'o^y, n. 

etymo/o_^'ical, a. 

etymo/o^'ically, a(f. •Thor'o/o^e, ii 

etymol'ogeT, n. * horoZ'opy, n. 

en'logy, or 

eulo'gium, n. 

eulog'ic , a. 

enlog'ical , ad. 

eu'logize, v. 

gene'dl'ogyy n. 

geiiea/o^'ical, a. 

genea/'o^ist, 7i. 
:|:genethlia/'o^y, n. 
igtd'ogy, n. 

geolog'ical, a. 

geoVogist, n. 

gnorciol'ogy, n. 

gnovaolog'iCj a. 

helmintlioZ'o^y, ». 
hiQxol'ogy, n. 
§historio/'o£'y, n. 
homol'ogous, a. 

* Catalogue, a list of books or things oiie after the other. 

t Chiiology or Dactylology, the art of talking or conversing with the 
hands or fingers. 

f Craniology, the science of the skull. 

11 Cryptology, literally, secret science,- enigmatically, language. 

§ Decalogue, the ten commandments given by God to Moses en Mount 
Sinai. ^ Doxology, a form of giving glory to God. 

* Eclogue, a pastoral poem, — because Virgil called his pastorals ecloguet. 
■} Eloge, a funeral oration, a panegyric on the dead. 

i. Epilogue, a speech upon, or conclusion of a discourse; the poem or 
tpeech at the end of a play. |] Epilogism, computation, enumeration. 

§ Ethology, science of morals. '^ Etiology, (ah uhix, cause, reason), an 
account of the causes or reasons of any thing, generally of a distemper. 

* Etymology, (See page 183.) \ Euchology, a formulary of prayers. 
X Genethlialfigy, literally, natal rites ; a species of divination practised 

by those who pretended to foretell, at the moment of birth, what would 
happen to a child during the whole course of its life. 

II Geology, the science which treats of the structure of the earth, or of 
the different minerals, stones, earths, &c. which enter into its composition, 
and the manner in which they are disposed in regard to each other. 

§ Historiology, knowledge or explanation of history. 

^ Horologe, an instrument that indicates the hour of the day. But 
chronometer is now generally used. 

* Horology, the art of constructing /!o?-o/o/?-ps, or machines for meafui> 
ing and indicating portions of time,— as clocks, watches, &c. 

LOG -B3 Loa 

horo/o,9iog'raphy, n. ||mon'o%ue, «. 

horo/o5'iogTaph'ic,a.||/o^om'achy, ». myol'ogy, n. 

hydroZ'o^y, n. ^macrol'ogy, n. §mytho/'o5ry, n. 

•hymno/'c?.9y, n. ^ raaiitoZ'cjg-y, w. mytho^o^ist, n. 

ii/o_j/'ical, a. mylbo.'o^'ical, f/. 

il/oyically, ad. *martyro/'o^y, w. njytho/^o</ize, u. 

il/o^'icalness, n. martyro/o^'ical,a. %\xqqxqI' ogy ^ lu 

ichthyo/'c^y, n. martyro/'o^istjn. *nzol'ogy, n. 

ichtliyoZ''o^ist, n. •finenol'ogy, n. neo/o'^ian, n. 

•f-^o^'arithms, n. ^^meteoroZ'o^y, w. neo/'o^ist, n. 

:{:/'o^'ic, n. meteoroZ'o^ist, n. neo^'o^ism, ?i. 

/o^'ical, a. meteoro/o^'ical, a. neo/o^'ical, a. 

/o^ically, ad. minera/'o(7y,n. -|-neuro/'o<7y, w. 

/o^ici'an, n. niinera/'o^i!st,n. :{:noso/'o^y, 7j. 

* Hymnology, a collection of hymns. 

t " Logarithms, which are the indexes of the ratios of numbers one 
to another, were first invented by Napier Lord Merchiston, (of Mcrchiston 
castle near Edinburgh,) a Scottish baron, and afterwards, completed by 
?.Ir Briggs, Savilian'professor at Oxford. They are a series of artificial 
numbers, contrived for the expedition of calculation, and proceeding ii^ 
an arithmetical proportion, as the numbers they answer to, do in a geo- 
metrical one : for instance, 

123456 7 8 9 
12 4 8 16 32 (J4 120 256 512. 
Where the numbers above, beginning with (0), and arithmetically pro- 
portional, are logarithms. The addition and subtraetioti of logarithms, 
answers to the multiplication and divisionoi the numbers they correspond 
with ; and this saves an infinite deal of trouble. In like manner will the 
extraction of roiits be performed, by dissecting the logarithms of any 
numbers for the square root, and trisecting them for the cube, and so 
on." — Hau'is. 

t Logic, tlie art of reasoning, or the art wliich teaches the right use of 
reason, and treats of the several operations of the mind which are em- 
ployed in argumentation or reasonnig, as memory, conceptio7i, abstraction, 
imagination, judgment, reason, or tindet standing ; also, consciousness, 
perception, attention, association of ideas ; all these are called tiie menta^ 
or intellectual /«c!</fie5 or potvers of man. Logic is so called, because 
thitiking is only an inward mental discourse, v/herein the mind converses 
with itself. Logic, one of the seven sciences. (See foot-note on philology, 
page 284.) || Logomachy, a contention in or about words. 

§ Macrology, long and tedious talk without matter ; in rhetoric, a re- 
dundant or too copious style. ^Mantology, a discourse on prophecy. 

* Martyrology or Martyrologe, d catalogue or register of martyrs. 

t Menology, register of months. ± Meteorology, the doctrine of meteors 

R Monologue, a scene in which a person of the drama speaks by himself ; 
a soliloquy. § Mythology, system of fables; explanation of the fabulous 
history oi the gods of the heathen world, or of the heathen divinities. 

^ Necrology, an account of persons deceased. * Neology, invention 

or use of new tvords and phrases ; or a new application of old words. 

f Neurology, a discourse on, or description of the nerves. 

t Nosology, doctrino of diseases. 




'ontol'ogy, n. 

ontol'off'ist, n. 

onto/o^'ical, a. 

ornitho/'o^y, n. 

ornitho/'o^ist, n. 
•|-osteo/'o_<7y, n. 

o^teolog'ical, a. 

osteol'oglst, n. 
:}:panta^o'(/ia, n. 
11 paradoxo/'o^y , n. 
§para/'o^y, n. 

para^o^ism, n, 

■^dtxaJ'ogiZQ, V. 
5[patho/'o^y, n. 


patho^'o^ist, ?i. 

petrofo^y, 7i. 
*pliarmaco/'o^y, n. 

pharmaco/'o^ist,n. "phytol'ogy, n- 
•f-philol'ogy, n. phyto/o^'ical, a. 

philo/o^'ic, a. 
philo^o^'ical, a. 
philo^'o,9ize, v. 
■philol'ogus, n. 
[rphraseo/'o^y, n. 

phyto/'o_^ist, n. 
•j-pneumato/'o^y, n. 

potarno/'o^y, n. 
^Ipro/'o^ue, 11. 

prosyl7o^ism, n. 

phraseo/o/7'ical, a. Upseudo^'o^ry, n. 
||phreno^'o<7y, n. §psycho/'o^y, n. 

phrenofo^'ical,a. psycho/o^'ic, a. 

phrenologist, n. psycho/o^'ical, a. 
^physio/'o^y, 7i. *syl7o^ism, n. 

physio/'o^ist, n. syVlogize, v. 

physio/o_^'ical; a. syUo^is'tic, a. 
syl/o^is'tical, a. 

* Ontology, a discourse on beings in general ; the science of the affe©» 
tions of being in general — metaphysics. 

f Osteology, a description of the bones. 

X Pantalogia, a collection of all the ivords in a language. 

II Paradoxology, the use of paradoxes or opinions apparently absurd JV 
CO Uradictory, although sometimes true in fact. 

§ Paralogy or Paralogism, false reas^/ning, a false argument. 

*[ Pathology, that branch of medicine which erplains the symptoms o? 
diserises. * Pharmacology, the knowledge of drugs and medicines. 

t Philology, the science or sf «d?/ of language ; criticism ; grammatical 
learning ; also an assemblage of sciences, consisting of grammar, rhetoric, 
logic, poetry, antiquities, history, and criticism, called by the Frencii 
Belles- Lettres. % Phraseology, a mode oi speech; style, diction. 

II Phrenology, literally, the science of mind. 
a newly invented science, which professes to teach, from the conformation 
of the human skull, the particular characters and propensities of men, pre- 
suming that the faculties and operations of the human mind have their 
particular seat in certain parts of the brain, and are to be traced by particu- 
lar external marks. 

iPhysico-theology, divlmty en foxed or illusti-ated by natural philosophy. 

^ Physiology, the doctrine of the constitution of the works of nature. 

* Phytology, the doctrine of plants ; botanical discourse, 
+ Pneumatology , the doctrine of spiritual existence. 

\ Prologue, preface, introduction to any discourse or performance; a 
speech made at the commencement of a play — the opposite to epilogue. 

II Pseudology, fs^lsehood of speech. 

§ Psychology, a treatise or discourse on the soul ; an inquiry into the na- 
ture and properties of the soul. % Somatology, the doctrine of bodies. 

* Syllogism, literally reasoning with or together; artificial reasoning , 
an argument composed of three propositions or reasons; as. every tuan 
*hinis, Peter is a man, therefore Peter thinks. 




syUo^is'tically, ad. technot'o^'ical, a. theo/o^'ical, a. 
'tautol'offy, n. ^theoyoffy, n. theo/o^'ically, ad. 

tautol'offi&t, n. theo/o'^ian, n. Ijzoo/'or/y, n. 

tauto^(7'ical, a. theol'ogist, or unana/oyical, a. 

•|-techno^'o^y, n. ihe'oloffue, n. 

LoNG-us^ a. long : as^ longim.' 3Xio\i^, having long 
hands ; lon'gi'mAQ, a being long, {length) ; ob'long, 
longet' than broad. 

loiiffixr/etvy, n. longs>v.f'£enng, a. 
^ I on f/in'quity, n. &. n. 

long'i&h, a. loiig'ways, ad. 

lon'gitnde, n. Zon^vvind'ed, a. 

longitu'dinal, a. oh'long, a. 
longlived', a. db'ldngly, ad. 

/ow^shan'lced, a. oh'longness, n. 
long'some, a. overlong', a. 

lo7ig's-pun, a. \)rolong', v. 

long'ioxigxx&d, a. inolouga'tion, n. 
long'^ufferer, n. 'prolon'gex, n. 
LoQU-oR;, V. dep. 3. to speak : us, aVloquy, a speaking 
to, (address) ; coVloquj, a5pt'<:^A-ingtogetherj (talk) ; 
el'oquejice, a speaking out^ (the power of speaking 
with fluency and elegance) ; loqiia'cious, full of 
talk oxtongue ; ob7o$i'2^y, a.^j^^flAingagainstj [blame.') 

elon'gats, v. 
elonga'(loT), n. 
long, a. 

§?on^anim'ity, n. 
longev'hy, n. 
longe'val, a. 
longe'vous, a. 
longinVanous, a. 

aVloquy, n. 

ailocu'tion, n. 

sltWoquence, n. 
*am'bil'oq7iy, n. 

ambi/'oyuousj a. 
"faniWoquy, n. 

antWoqui^t, n. 
'icentil'oquy, n. 

coVloquy, n. 
collo'quial, a. 
coVloquist, n. 
coUocu'tion, n. 
cdlloc'uior, it. 
eiocic't'wn, n. 
el'ocutlxe, a. 
el'oquence, 7i. 

circumlocii'tion, n. el'oquent, a. 
circum/oc'wtory, a. el'oquently, ad. 

grandil^oqiience, n. 
grandi/'o^MOus, a. 
inter locu' lion, n. 
intexloe'utor, n. 
inteiloc'utory, a. 

loquac'iiy, n. 
loqua'ciou$3 a. 
magnU'oquence, n. 

* Tautology, repetition of the same words, fir of the same sense in dif- 
ferent ivords. t Tech'iology, the description or discourse upon arts. 

I Theology, divinity, or study of God. || Zoology, a treatise or rii*- 

eourse on animals or living creatures. § Longanimity, length of mind, 
forbearance. ^ Lntiginqiiity, remoteness, not nearness. 

* Ambiloquy, doubtful or ambiguous distriurse. t Antiloqiiy, a .ipea7<ing 
jvgainst ; contradiction. % Ctmtiloquy, a hundredfold discourse 




oh'loguy, n. '^^oYil'oqiiy, n. §ventri/''o5'7^y, n. 

&o\U'oqu\zty V. ventri/'o^uism, n. 

*\^a\i.c\l'oqnyf n. WstultWoqiiy, n. ventnl'oguht, n. 

-fprohc'utoT, n. stulti/'ogMcnce, n. ventri/'ojwous, a. 

pro/oc'«/orship, »». 
LoY or Loi, /. (Fr.) law : as^, lo/al, relating to Icck), 
(obedient, true to a prince or lover.) — dis/o^'al, a. 
dis/oy'ally, ad. loy'sX, a. loi/'alty, n. 

disloy'-alty, n. lot/'&lly, ad. /oy'alist, n. 

LoRic-u4, /. 1. (a lorum, ». 2. a thoiig), a coat of mail, 
originally made of raw hides-Jor'ic^te, v. lorica'Hon, n. 
ljO'S.-os(xc^os)yOblique: as,loxodioxn'ic,the aTtofobliquesailing. 
LuBRic-i7S, a: slipperj/, smooth; inconstant: as, lu'- 
bricate, to make smooth or slipjyery. 
lu'bricate, v. ht'bric, a. lubrifac'tlon, n. 

lubrica'toi, n. lubric'ity, n. /w&rifica'tion, n. 

iu'brico^xSy a. 
Luc-Eo, V. 2. (« lux, lucis, /. 3. light), to shine : as, 
du'cidolQ, to make shine out, or to clear, (to explain) ; 
lu'ci^L, shining ; nocti/'wcous, shining in the night. 

antelu^can, a. 
elu'cidate, v. 
elucida'tion, n. 
elu'cidaiive, a. 
elu'ddaiOT, n. 
inter lu' cent, a. 
lu'cent, a. 
lu*cidy a. 
/u'cidness, n. 

^Lu'cifer, n. 
**l?icife'na.n, a. 
lucif'erous, a. 

luci^'ic, a. 
/u'ciform, a. 
ht'cnlent, a. 
■pellu'cid, a. 

pel/f/'eidness, n. 
pel/z^cid'ity, n. 
noctU'uca, n. 
nocti^'j/cous, a. 
relu'cent, a. 
semipel/u'cid, a. 
translu'cency, «. 
trans/u'cent, a. 
trans/?i'cid, a. 

* Pauciloquy, a speakitig little, or sparing and rare speech. 

•f Prolocutor, the foreman ; the speaker of a convocation. 

j Solihquy, a speaking to one'sself alone, or a discoutse made by one in 
lolitude to himself. H Stultiloqii!/ or stultiloquence, foolish talk or discourse. 

§ Ventriloqu]/ or ventriloquism, a speaking inwardly in the upper part of 
the mouth and throat, so that the sound seems to issue from the belly ; the 
art of forming speech, by drawing the air into the lungs, so that the voice, 
proceeding out of the thorax, to a by-stander, seems to come from some 
distance, or in any direction. — Chambers. 

^ Luci/er, literally, light bearing ; the chief of the devils, or prince of 
the air ; the morning or day star ; the planet Venus, when it rises before 
the sun. •* Lucifirian, like or belonging to Lucifer ; proud, haughty, 
arrogant, devilish. 




LucK-C7M^ n. 2. gain, profit : as, lu'cratiYe, gaiiiixA, 

Were, n. lu'crati\e, a. lucrif'ic, a. 

LvcT-oR, V. dep. 1. to struggle : as^ ohlucta'tion, a 
struggling against ; i-eluc'tantj struggling back or 
against, (unwilling.) 

collucta'tion, n. ohlucta'tion, n. reluc'tance, w. 
elucta'tion, n. xeluc'tancy, n. 

te/Mc7ate, v. re/«c7ant, a. 

re/wc7antly, ad, 

LucuBR-0, v.\.to study or work by candle light. 
lu'cubrate, v. lucubr a' tion, n. lu'cubratoiy, a. 

LuD-0, V. 3. (fl ludus, m. 2.plag), to play; todeceive : as, 
allude' J to play to, (to hint at, to insinuate) ; col- 
lu'sive, playing oracdng together in a fraud ; de- 
lude' y to cheat, to deceive; il/w'sive, playmg upon or 
deceivmghj false show ; lu'dic7'0us,exciimglaughter» 

delu'der, n. 
de/uWable, a 
delu'sion, n. 
Aelu'sive, a. 
delu'sory, a. 
elude', V. 
ehi'diiile, a. 
ehi'sion, n. 
elu'sive, a. 
eiu'sory, a. 
iUude', V. 
illu'sion, n. 
illu'sixe, a. 
illu'siyely, ad. 
il^tt'^ivenessj n. 
illu'sory, a. 

LuGUBR-7S, a. (« lugeo, V. 2. to mourn), mournfid. 
luc'tual, a. lu(/u'brio\xs, a. 

sllude', V. 
allu'sion, n. 
al/tt'^ive, a. 
al/w'sively, ad. 

allu'sory, a. 
collude', V. 
collu'dex, n. 
"cdllu'sion, n. 
coillu'ding, a. 
collu'sive, a. 
col/w'sively, ad. 
col/w/iiveness, n. 
col/w'sory, a. 
delude', v. 
delu'd'wg, a. 

inelu'dihle, a. 
ludih'nons, a. 
lu'dicrous, a. 
lu'dicrously, ad. 
lu'dicronsxiess, n, 
ludi^caf i\or\, n. 
ludif 'icatOTy, a. 

lu'sory, a. 
■prel'ude, n. 
•prelude', v. 
prelu'der, n. 
pre/w'(/ious, a, 
prelu's'we, a. 
j>Telu'soTy, a. 

* Collusion, is, in our common law, a deceitful agreement or compnct be- 
tween two or more, for the one part to bring an action against tlie other to 
lome evil purpose ; as to defraud a t!'-ird ot his riglit. — Coivel. 

LUM 288 LUO 

LuMBRic-t/s, m. 2. an earth-worm — *lum'hric2l, a. 

'Lxj'^i'Q-U S ,m.2.the loin--\lumba.' go^n. lum'bdT,a, 

LuMENj in-is, n.3. {a lux), l/'^ht : as, illume', illu'- 
inine, or Wlu'mindJtQ, to shine on, or put light in ; 
lu'miimrj, a body or thing that gives light. 
XsMu'minox^ n. illu'minalor, n. lu'minously, ad. 

illume', V. lu'mi7ioi\sness, n. 

ilhc'mine, v. xdume\ v. 

iUu'minate,v.a.&.n. iu'ininary, n. xdu'minQ, v. 

\llumina't\or\, n. lumina'tion, n. trilu'minar, or 
UJu'minatlve, a. lu'minous, a. tnlu'minous, a. 

LuN-^, /. 1. (a kiceo), the moon : as, lu', a dis- 
ease or madness influenced by the moon ; svib'hm- 
ary, under the moon, (of this world), 
inierlu'nax, or lu'nary, a. pleni/«'«ary, a. 

inteTlii'iiaxy, a. In'nateA, a. semilu'nar, or 

lu'nacy, n. \\lit,ne, n. semilu'nary^ a. 

lu'natxc, a. & n. §/«'?< et, n. sub/w'/iar, or 

luna'iion, n. ^lunettt', n. sub'/wnary, a. 

lu'nax, or lunholax, a, super/w'/iar, a. 

Lu-0, V. 3. to wash away, or purge : as, allu'vial, 
washing to, — as a 7'iver with its brmk car^-ying 
the particles to another place ; elute', to wash off. 
abVwent, a, •*ab/M'tion, n. al/u'vial, a. 

*LumhricaI, in anatomy, denoting muscles of the hands and feet, which, 
on account of their smallness and figure, have derived this uame of resem- 
blance to worms. 

i Lumbago, in anatomy, are pains very troublesome about the loins and 
Email of the back, such as precede ague fits and fevers; they are most com- 
monly from fulness and acrimony, in common with a disposition to ya^Tn- 
ings, shudderings, and erratic pains in other parts, and go off with evacua- 
tion, generally by sweat and other critical discharges of fevers.— Qwmcy. 

± AUuminor, one who colours or paints upon paper or parchment ; so 
called, because he gives graces, light, and ornament, to the letters or figures 

B Lune, any thing in the shape of a half-moon ; fit of lunacy or frenzy. 

§ Lunet, a little moon. % Lunette, a small half-moon. 

** Ablution, the act of washing from ; the water used in washing; the 
rinsing of chymical preparations m water, to dissolve and wash away any 
acrimonious particles ; the cup given without cousecration to the laity in 
the Popish churches. 

LUP ^09 l.UT 

al/u'yion, «. dU'usnt, a. & n. pol/w'ter, n. 

al/?t'yious, a> elute', v. pi>i/«7edly, at/. 

"di/^/Zc', t>. ■felu'iria.te, v. pol/it'^edness, n. 

dike' /ion, n- pol/a7ion, n. 

di/a7er, n. ifrpoUu/e', v. & a. uiipol/a'^ed, a. 

Lup-t/S, wi. 2. a ?oo//- — lu'pvciQ, a. 
Lure /or Leurre, m. (Fr.) «wj/ ?/^/w^ f/?^'^ entices, a 

decoy : as, aVhre, to entice to — al/ure', w. 

al/'/rer, ?r, al/wVing, n. & a. 

al/j/rg'ment, w. al/wVingly, aJ. /wrd?, n. & v. 
LusTR-t/M, n. 2. flj survey made every four years ; a 

purifying sacrifice: as, 'Alus'trd^iQ, to hriyhten with 

light or honour, (to explain or elucidate.) 

il/ujf'/raLe, v. lilus'trionsiy, ad. ^lus'trate, v. 

iliiistra'lion, n. il/?i*7riousness, n. iustra'ilon, n. 

illus'iralh'e, a. \\lute'string, or lus'tre, n. & v. 

iilns'traliviXy, ad. lus'lr'mg, n. lus^trous, a. 

illus'iraior, n. lus'trwm, n. outlus'tre, v. 

illu^'trioas, a. lus'iral, a. 'perlustra'iion, n. 

Lus-i7s, p.p. {dliido), played, deceived. (SeeLudo.) 
LuTHER,*i[ m. 2. tlie great German reformer. 
^[Lii'theran, n.&a. Lu'iherarihm., or Lu' ther'y^'ca, n. 

* Dilute, literally, to wmh asunder, to make thin or weak by the admix- 
ture of other parts ^Etutriatp., Xo strain out ; to decant. jPullute (either 
from per and luo ; or ppr and laea, f. 3. a contagious disease or plague), to 
tml:e anclean, m a religious sense ; to defile ; to taint with guilt ; to corrupt 
morally or iihys'cally. II Lut stiing or Lustring, a shining silk. 

§ Lustrate, to purifi/ by sacrifice, as the censors did the city Rome, at 
the ena of every four years, or rather fifty months, by going round taking 
an account or census of the citizens, and concluding the solemnity by *«- 
crificinga. son, a slieep, and a bull, to apjie^ise the gods, and p(<ri;'e the city. 

•jl Martin Luther, an obscure and inconsiderable person, was born in 1483, 
at Eisleben, in Saxony, a monk of the Augustiniaii Eremites, (one of the 
Mendicant orders), and at the sanie iirr^e profess: if, of divinity in the uni- 
versity at Wittenberg. '1 he qualiiie';, or irJ.nts, thi!t disti:iguis!ied Luther, 
were not of a common or ordinary kind. His genius was truly great and 
unparalleled; his memory, vast and fenariov;s ; hispaiience, in supporting 
trials, difficulties, and lalxjur, incredible; his magnanimity, invincible and 
unshaken by the vicissitudes of human affairs; and his learning, most ex 
tensive. It was in 1517, he openly and singly attacked the torrent of Papal 
ambition aud despotism ; ana i)eing deeply verged ia tiie popular theology 
and philosophy, boldly asserted that tlie Bible or Hoi;/ Scriptures were the 
only rule of faith and practice, and preferred the decisions of Scripture, 
and the dictates of right reason, to the authority and opinions of fallilile 
man. And <^!« was the engine by which, through' the blc>ssing of God, he 
efiectualiy assailed aiid shook i^opiry tc its very fouiioatioa, lie died iT 
the year I54C, in the 63d year of his a^e. 

■i B 

LUT 290 LYS 

LvT^UMf n. 2. clay, mud : as, lute, chemists' clay, 
lute, n. luia'rious, a. luta'tion, n. /w'^ulcnt, a. 

LuT-[7S, p.p. (a luo), washed away. (See Luo.) 
\jVxvri-a, f. 1. luxury, excess in carnal pleasure. 

]lluxu'rio\i%, a.'riance, n. luxu'riate, v. 

lus'oiou.s. a. luxu'rvAwcy , n. luxu'rious, a. 

hixu'riunt, a. hixu'riously, ad. 

lus'ciousness, n. luxn'rioxitly, ad. luxu'rionsncss, n. 

lux'ury, n. 
Lyc-os ixvKog), the wolf- — ■"/ycan'ttiropy^ n. 
Lymph-^, /. 1. water ; a thin transparent fluid cir- 
culating in the animal body. 

lymph, n. -flymphat'ic., n.&!.a. -f lymph' educt, n. 

JjYB.-A,f. l.lyre or harp .lyre,'r\st,n ly)''ic,a Iyr'ical,a. 
Lys-is (>^v(rt;, a >^va), to loose, to solve), a loosing, 

or untying ; a solution : as^ QXioI'ysh, a loosing or 

separating again a compound. 

antipara/y^'ic, a. |1 catalysis, n. para/^^'ical, or 

%dXi?J.'ysvs,, n, §diaZ'^ais, n. pa/«'ical, o. 

ana/^/'ical, a. Lysaxnas, n. pa/'*ied, a. 

ana??/i'ically, ad. Lys'trs,, n. para(y^'ic, a. Sl n. 

analyze^ v. ^iiaral'ysis, or -par'alyze, v. 

anal yzer, n. -pal'sy, n- & u, 

* L.j/canthropy, a species of madness, in which men have the qualities of 
a ivnlfor wild beasts. 

t The I'jmphatics are slender pellucid tubes, whose cavities are contract- 
ed at small and unequal distances ; they are carried into the glands of the 
mesentery, receiving first a fine thin lymph from the lymphatic ducts, which 
dilutes the chylousfluid. — Cheyne's Phil. Piinciplcs. Lymphatic denotes 
also a lunatic or madman. jLympheduct, a vessel which conveys the lymph. 

i;. Analysis, a solution of any thh\", whether corporeal or mental, to its 
first elements ; as of a sentence to the sinirle words ; of a compound word 
to the etymon or root, piefix, and affix or termination, which form it ; of 
a tune, io single notes j of an argument, to simple propositions. 

II Catalysis, dissolution. § Dialysis, a figure in rhetoric, by which 

syllables and words are divided. 

^ Paralysis or Palsy, a privation of motion or feeling, or botft, proceed- 
ing from some cause below the cerebellum, joined with a coldness, flaccid 
dity, and at last wasting of the parts. If this privation be in all the parts 
below the liead, except the thorax and heart, it is called a paraplegia ; if 
in one side only, a hemiplegia ; if in some parts only of one side, a para- 
lysis. There is a threefold division of a palsy ; a privation of motion, sen- 
sation remaining ; a privation of sensation, motion remaining ; and la3Jly, 
a privation of both together. — Qtiincy. 

MAC 291 MAG 


Mace-o, v. 2. to be lean or thin : as, o^ma'ci^iie, to 

waste, to pine ; mac'erate, to make lean, to wear away. 

ema'ciate, v. & a. macera'lion, n. mea'gerly, ad. 

emacia'tlon, n. mea'gre, or mea'gerne^s, n. 

mac'erate, v. mea'ger, a. & v. 

MACHIN-.4, /. 1. a machine; a device : as, mack' in- 

ate, to plan, to fonii schemes^ to plot. 

mach'inal, a. machina'tion, n, 

mach'inate, v. • machine', n. machin'ist, n. 

machina'toT, n. machm'ery, n. 
Mach-omai (fixzouai), to fight: as, alectoro?7iVfcAy, 

cock-fighting ; TUQmom' ach^ , single combat. 

alectoro»i'ac/jy,ri. fnau'»2ac7iy, n. §theo?«'ac^y, n. 
*logom'achy, n. Jpsycho??2'ac7iy, n. theom'ac?iistj n. 

monom'achy, n. Ijsciowi'ac/iy, n. 

Macr-os (^^Ji^os)^ large, of great extent. 
^macVocosm, n. macroVogy, n. 

Macul-^, /. 1. a stain or spot; a fault: as, immac'- 
uhiQj having no sj)ot, {^p)ure^ ; Q7nac'uhiQ, to 
take out spots, 
cmac'ulate^ a. & v. immac'uJa,tely, ad. 

immac'ulateness,n. mac'ulate, n. & a. 
ivamac'ulate, a. mac'ulce, 7i. macula'tion, n. 

Magazin, m. (Fr.) a store-house — ''"''' mag' azine, n. 

* Logomachr/, contention about words. t Naumaclnj, a sea-fig-hf. 

4: Psi/chomachy , a con Hict of the soul with the body. || Sciomachy, battle 
with a shadow. § Theomachy, fighting against God, or opposition to the 
divine will ; m particular, the fight against the gods by the guints. 

^ Macrocosm or Megacusm, the great or lofiole world, or visible system. 
In opposition to the microcosm , or world of man. 

** Magazine, a store-house ; commonly an arsenal or armoxtrp, or repO' 
gitory of provisions. Of late (that is, in the year 1737) this word, says Dr 
Johnson, has signified a miscellaneous pamphlet, from a periodical mis- 
cellany called the Gentleman's Magazine, and published under the name 
of Sylanus Urban, by Edward Cave. This miscelUiny has given rise to va- 
yiou-s other magazinee. 

MAO 292 MAG 

MagisteRj 771. 2. a master: as, magiste'riol, befitting a 
ruler; mogis'trate, one vested with public authority, 
a.ntimagiste'ria.1, a. mag'isiraX, a, 
magisie'rial, a. mas'terie^s, a. 

maffisle'riaXly, ad. mas'terly, ad. & a, 

magis{e'rialness,n. mag'istraiQ, n. was'/(?rliness, n. 
'tnag'isiery, n. magistrafic, a. vias'tery, n. 

7nag'istracy, n. mas'ter, n. & v. 

Magnes_, et-is, m, 3. the loadstone, the stone that ai~ 
tracts iron : as, magnet'iz, relating to the magnet. 
■fmag'net, n. magnet'ic&l, a. magnet'icalness,n 

magnet'ic., ct. magnel'icdWy, n, mag'nethm, n. 

M AGN-c/s, a. great : as, wz^^^zan^imouSj of great mind , 
7nag'nify, to make great. 
:{:amaJ7t', ad. magnificence, n. 

\\Mag'na.C\\3x't2i,n.magnii'ice'at, a. majes'ticaX^ a. 

magnaii{m.'iiy, n. magnii'icewtXy , ad. majes'tically, ad. 

tnagnan'imous, a. mag'nitude, n. 

»na^7mn''imously, m«^/iil'oquence,n. 

magnif'ic, a. main, a. 

magnif'ical, a. mainly, ad. ma'jor, n. & a. 

^Magnif'ico, n. maj'esty, n. major'ity, n. 

mag'fiify, v. majes'tiCy a. 

mag'niiieT, n. 
'^lxG-us,m.'2,.apriest or philosopher among the Per- 
sians and Asiatics ; a diviner or enchanter. 

ma'gi, n. mag'icai, a. magici'an, n. 

ma'giaji, a. mag'icaHy, ad. axchfnagici'an, n. 

mag'ic, n. & a. 

* Mas^.stenj, a fine powder used by chemists ; or that preparation of any 
body wherein the whole, or most part, is, by the addition of somewhat, 
changed into a bivly of quite another kind ; as when iron or capper is turn- 
ed into crf/stals of Tvlars or Venus Quincy. 

t -Spcnce calls it the rj?(7g-;.(39-stone ; and it is so given in Sherwood's dic- 
tionary, \G?.9. The Latin magnes is thought to be from the city of mag- 
nesia in Lydia, where the stone is said to have been first found. 

X Amavi, vi'iih vehemence or vigour. It Ma^na-Charta, the great 

rJiarter of liberties granted to thepeople of England by king John, in 1215, 
the seventeenta year of his reign, renewed with sorne alterations in the 
ninth year of Henry the Tnird, and confirmed by Eidward the First* 

5 Magnifico (lial.) a grandee of Venic©i 

MAH 293 MAL 

Mahomet^* {Mohammed, i. e. praised, Arab.) the 
Arabian impostor, oy false prophet. 

Ma'hov7et, n. mahum'eta.r\, n. mahom'etanize, v. 

mahom'edan, n. muhom'etanism, n. mahum'etism) n. 
mahom'eta.n , n.& a. mahom'etisxQ, n. moharn'medan, n. 
mahom'etist, n. viaho7n'eiTy, n. 

M AJORj a. {a magnus^ great), greater. (See Magnus.) 
Male, ad. (a maliis, a. bad), evil, ill : as, dis'?nal, 

an evil day, sorrowful ; W2«/efac'tor, one who does 

evil ; wztt/ev'olent, willing evil. 

ii\%'mal, a. wia/ecoriten'tednessjma/ef'icent, a. 

dis'/na/ly, ad, wa^edic'encyj n 

dis'wfl/nesSj n. 
-. . wjfl/epractice, n. 

tnaJedic'tion, n. wa/gv'olence, n. 
waJadministra'tionjWa/rfac'torj n. ma/ev'olent, a. 
+ma/a-propo's, ad. wa/ev'olently, ad. 


maleconten'ted, a. tna/versa'tion, 71. 


Malig'n-us, a. (a malus. bad), ill-disposed to anyone; 
envious ; fatal to life. 

malign', a. Sc v. malig'n?incy, n. malig'na,nt]y, ad. 
malign'ly, ad. malig'nant, a. malig'nity, n. 

maligti'er, n. 

Maliti-^Ij /. 1 . (a mains, a. bad), deliberate mischief, 
ill-intention to any one. 
mal'ice, n. tiialici'ous, a. malici'onsly, ad, malicVonsness, n. 

* Mahomet, a noted Arabian impostor, was bom 527, — bis father a Pa- 
gan, his mother a Jewess, — began in COS or 012, at Mecca, in Arabia, to 
declare himself a prophet, and, by the assistance of a Jew and a renegado 
Christian, formed a farrago of doctrines and rites, in which there was a 
mixture^ of Paganism, Judaism, and Christianity. By indulging his ad- 
herents in sensualiti/, ambition, and the love of booty, and promising them 
a carnal heaven hereafter, he intoxicated the imagination, and seized the 
passions of his eastern followers. He propagated his religion by the sword, 
declaring that he who fought the battles, and died in the field, in the defence 
of it, his sins, of whatever nature, or however enormous, being pardoned, 
was crowned with honour in the highest heaven. He died in the year 632, 

t Malapropos, unseasonably, or at an improper time: imsuitably. 
2 B 2 

MAL 294« MAX 

Malle-l;s, m. 2. ahammej': as, mal'leahle, that may 
be spread by beating. 

iaimal'leah\e, a. mal'ledhle, a. mal'leate, v. 

mall or maul, n.Siv.marieahleness, n. mallea'tion, n. 
mal'let, n. malleahil'iiy, n. unmal'leahle, a. 

Malv-a, f. 1. niallows, a plant — wa/ya'ceous, a. 
Mamm-^j /. 1. a breast or pap: as, marn'milloxy, be- 
longing to the paps or dugs, 
mamma', n. mam'miioina, a. marn'millaxy, a. mammii'txows, a. 

Mammon (Syriac), the god of wealth ; riches, 
mam'mon, n. mam'moni&i, n. 

Manat-c/s, p.p. (a mano), flowed. (See Mano.) 

Manci-.4 /or Manti-.4 {f^xi/ruci, a f^avTif, a prophet), 

a divining, predictio7i: as,a^eYomancy,a divining 

by the air ; 2in.i\i'ma7icy, a foretelling by numbers ; 

chir'owa?2cy, a foretelling by inspecting the hand. 

a'eromancy, n. geoman'iic, a. necroman'tical, a. 

alec'tryomancy,n. -f-gy'romancy, n. riecroman'/ically,arf 

arith'mancy, n. Jhi'erowiancy, 7i. oneVromancy, n. 

*heVomancy, n. hy'dromancy, n. on'omancy, n. 
chir' omajicy, n. lith'omancy, n. 

chir'owancer, n. manloVogy, n. §psy'chomfln<?y, n. 

co&cin'omancy,n. \\nQc'romancy, n. -pyt'omancy, n. 

ge'omancy, n. nec'roma?icer, n. rab'domancy, ». 

ge'omancer, n. necroma«'/ic, or 

MA'siiAT-vs,p.p.(d,ma,ndo),chargedoT bidden. (^See3Iando.) 
Mand-Oj v. 1. (in manum dare), to commit, to com- 
mand or bid : as, command', to bid, to govern ; 
man'date, a command or charge ; demand', to ask 
for with authority. 

command', v. coni'mand, n. •comma/iVant, n. 

* Belomancy (a belos, /SsAej, an arrow), divination by arrows, t Gj/ro- 
mane,!/, a divining by waking in or about a circle. 4: Hieromancy, divi- 
tintion by sacrifices. |1 'Necromancy, the art of revealing futureevents, 
by commmilcation with the dead; enchantment, conjuration. 

§ Psychomancy, the art of coM«u7<f«^ departed souls as to future event*. 

• Commandant, a chief eommonding a place or a body of troops. 




uncomTn^n'rfable, a. 
uncommew'rfed, a. 

romw>a«'</atory, a. zommen'datOTj , a. man'd&ie^ n. 

contmau'der, n. & n. mau'dataxy , n. 

comnjan'cfresSj n, counttrmand'^ v. tnan'datox^ n. 

* comma n'deTj, n. coxxti'iermand^ n. mati'datOTy, a. & n, 

comman'dmgj a. discoiriTTienrf', v. recommend', v. 

comman'ding]y,ad. d.iscommen'dah\e,a.Tecommen'der, n. 

command'ment, n. discomwera'rfable- r&commenda't\on,n. 

coxnmend' , v. ness, n. Tecommen'datoTy,a. 

commen'der, n. dhcommenda'tiou, recom77jen'</able, a. 

commen'ddhle, a. discommen'deT,n. TecammendahleneHS 

comtnen'dahly, ad. demand', v. Tedemand', v. 

•ycomme7i'da,m, n. deman'der, n. remand', r. 

X<^ommen,'datdiry,n. deman'dahle, a. vmcomman'ded, a. 

commen'dator, n. deman'd&nt, a. 

commenda'tion,n. \\man'daxa\xs, n. 

Mand-Oj v. 3. or Manduc-Oj v. 1. to chew; to eat: 
as, mandib'uhr, belonging to the mandible ox jaw.'di\Ae, n. man'ducate, v. maslica'lion, n. 

mandih'ulax, a. manduca'tion, n- %mas'ticatoxy, n. 
man'ducahle, a. mas'ticate, v. 

Mane-0, v. 2. to stay, to abide: zs>, per'/?2«7zent, abid- 
ing thoroughly, (durable) ; manse, a parsonage- 
Iwuse ; man'sion, a dweWmg-kouse. 

im'manency, n. man'siou, n. 

im'manent, a. per'ma/ience, n. remain', v- & n. 

imper'ma?ience, n. -per'manency, n. remain'der, n. 

imper'manency,rt. per'wzanent, a. 

manse, n. ]pex'manent\y, ad. rem'n&nt, n- & a. 

ManeSj* a Persia?! heretic. 
* maniche'&n, n. &. a. manichee', n. vian'icheism, n. 

* Commanclert/, a body of the knigJits of Malta, belonging to the same 
nation ; the residence of a body of knights. -f Commendam, a benefice 
which, being void, is commended to the charge and care of some sufficient 
clerk, to be supplied until it be conveniently provided of a pastor. 

■^ i^nimendataru cr commendator, one who hoids a living in commendam. 

11 Mandamus, literally, we command; a, writ granted by the king, — so 
called, from the first word, mandamus, — cowmandiw^ corporations and in- 
ferior courts, or other persons to do some particular thing, — as to admit 
any one to an office, and the like. 

c Manticatorj/, a medicine to be chewed only, not swallowed. 

• Manichean (h Manet, k Persian educated among the Magi; of whom 





plain ; evident. 

manifesta'tion, n. 
manijes tihle, a. •fmanifes'tOi n. 

Mani-^ (fMivix),mad7iess : as,ma'niacy a mad ipevson, 

antimani'acalj a. ma'niac, a. & n. ma'nia, 
*h\b'\iQma')da, n. 7?za?ii'acal, a. 
biblioma'/ijacj n. 
MaNIFEST-17S^ a. 
man'ifest, a. & v< 
man'ifesi.\y, ad. 
man'ifesiness, n. 

Man-0, v. 1. to flow: as^ Qm'anoXe, to flow or issue out. 
em'anate, v. em'a7iant, a. mana'tion, n. 

emana'iion, n. em'analive, a. 

MaN-OS (^^civoi), t/n?l,rare—:^manom^eteT,n. man'oscoipe,n. 

Man-uSj /. 5. the hand: as, em«?^''cipate, to take out 

by the hand, (to set free from servitude) ; man'- 

acle, a chain for the hand ; man'i^Xe, a handfxA, 

a small hand of soldiers ; manu^dc'twxQ, the thing 

or work done by the hand; man'u^oxv^t, the thing 

written with the hand ; maitu'brium., a handle, 

||admiu'icle, n. ^naintain', v. 

adminic'uiar, a. wiamtain'er, n. 

^dmanuen'sis, n. wiaj^itain'able, a. 

•maJn'tenance, n. 

maji'acle, n.Scv. 

-f-man'age, v. &.n. 

man'agesihle, a. 

man'ager, n. 
man'ag&vaQiii, n. 
man'ageiy, n. 

e/wan cipate, v. 
emancipa'tion, n. 
ewmncipa'tor, 7i. 
imman'acle, v. 

"^man'c'iTple, n, 
man'iple, n. 

he was one, before he embraced Christianity), one of the folio wers of Manes, 
who taught that there were two principles of all things, co-etemal and co- 
equal, the one good, the other evil ; that two equipollent deities ruled the 
world, and other gross and impious errors. — Johnson's Diet, by Todd. 

* Bibliomania, the rage of possessing books ; book-?n«rf»es5. f Mani- 
festo, a public declaration made by a prince, explaining his reasons for going 
to war or adopting any hostile measure towards another country. 

^ Mayiometer ox Manoscope, an instrument for shewing the alterations in 
the rariti/ and density of the air. y Adminicle, originally, a prop for 

vines, which could be removed by the liand; help, support. § Amanu- 

ensis, a person who writes what another dictates ; or copies what has been 
written by another. * MainiciMnce (Fr. a manutentio and manutentia, 
Lat. " which signify the upholding of a cause or person; metaphorically 
drawn from succouring a young child that learns to go by one's hand." — 
Cowel.) Literally, ?i holding up hy the hand; support, protection, suste- 
nance, or supply of the necessaries of life. f Manage, to guide or con- 
duct by the hand; to carry on. % Manciple, originally, the farmer of 
the public taxes ; the stewart of a community, the purveyor. 




»wan!p'iilar, a. 7Manufac'ture,n.«Scu.»jar«M'rer, n 

•wa/tipula'tion, 7%. manufa.c'tVLxer, n. 
"fmarneu'wxp, n. & v. manu?&c'toxy, n.&iaman'uscrvptj n. 
^mun'ual, a. &. n, misman', v. 

§wa/z?<missi'on, n. miswrtra'ageable, a. 
\\manu'bial, a. manumit', v. 

manu'vahliiy a. 
manuTe', v. & n. 

•j-portman'teau, n. 
unma/i'ageable, a. 
anman'a.ged, a. 

maniiduc'don, Ji 
wanuduc'tor, n. 
M.AB.-E, n. 3. the sea : as, marine 
sea, or a 5C« -soldier. 
marine', a. & n. mar'itime, a. 
mar'incv, n. marm'orama, n. 

submarine', a. 
Margo, 111-25, m. 3. a brink or edge. 
mar'gindX, a. 
mar'gin, n. Sc v. inar'ghia.lly, ad. mar c/ mated, a. 
Marit-lts, m. 2. a married man, a husband. 

belonging to the 

transmarine', a. 
ultra»narine',n - & a. 

mar'iial, a. 

marit'icide, n. 
Mars, mart-25, m. 
ixximar'tial, a. 
march, n. &. v. 

mar'riage, n. mar'ried, a. 

war'^-iageable, a. xemar'ry, v. 
mar'ry, v. 

3. the god of war ; war. 
mar'iial^ a. 

* Manipulation (a manipulatim, adv. Lat by hands or companies, or in 
heaps), liter a\\Y, the act oi filling the hand ; in mines, the manner of dt^- 
ging silver out of the earth. ■\ Manoeuvre (Fr. manuvrier, a handicraft 
man, or skilful sea-oificer ; manovra, Ital. manopera, low Latin, i. e. ma- 
nus opera), literally, a tvork or operation by the hand. Originally, in ihe 
French language, the service of a vassal to his lord ; then, an operation of 
military tactics, a stratagem, in which sense we use it, and apply it also to 
naval skill in managing a ship ; and thence any kind of management. 

% Manual, belonging to the hand ; also a small book, such as may be car- 
ried in thehand. \\ Mamibial, belonging to spoil taken by the hand in war. 

§ Manumission, literally, the act of sending away by the hand, or giving 
liberty to slaves. " When a master, going with his slave in his hand to 
the Praetor or Consul, and in the provinces, to the Proconsul or Proprae- 
tor, said, ' I desire that this man be free, according to the custom of the 
Romans ;' Hunc hominem liberum esse volo more vel jure Quiritium ; and 
the Praetor, if he approved, putting a rod on the head of the slave, pro- 
nounced, • I say that this man is free, after the manner of the Romans.' 
Whereupon the lictor or the master turning him round in a circle, (called 
vertigo), and giving him a blow on the cheek, let him go, fe manu etnit- 
<e6a*A signifying that leave was granted him to go where he pleased. The 
rod with which the slave was struck, was called vindicta." — Adam's Roman 
Antiquities. * Manure, to cultivate by manwa/ labour ; to dung, to fatten 
with compost*, t Portmanteau, a portable leather bag to carry clothes in 

MAR 298 MAT 

IMartyr (jWfiigrvg), a witness, a martyr : as^ proto- 
mariyr, the first wariTyr, (^Stephen \h% evangelist.) 

inar'iyr, n. Sc v. marfi/roVogist, n. 

war/yrolog'ical, a. 
mar'tt/r^om, n. marlyroVogy, n. ^xoiomar'tyr, n. 

Mascul-c/Sj m. 2. the male or he of any creature. 

emas'cula.te,v.&.a. mas'cula.te, v. mas'culineness,n. 

emascula'lion, n. mas'culine, a. unmas'cichte, v. 

male, a. & n. jnas'cuhnely, ad. 

Massacre^ m. (Fr. from mazzare, Ital. of mactare, sacrifice), carnage, slaughter, butchery, murder, 
mas'sacre, n. & v. 

Materi-j, /. 1. matter or stuff: as^ mate'rioWze, to 
make or foiin into matter ; mate'riaiist, one who 
denies spiritual substances, 

coniTTJc/eVial, a. imwa/eVifl/ized; ct. material'ity, n. 

coxnmaterial'iiy,n. male'rialize, v. 

immate'rial, a. mate^rial, a. & n. mate'rials, n. 

iramate'rially, ad. mate'rialXy, ad. 

imma/eVm/ness, n. male'rialism, n. 

immaterial'ity, n. mate'rialist, n. 

MateRj matr-25, /. 3. a mother : as_, matei-'nal, per- 
taining to a 7nother ; ma'tronal, relating to a ma- 
tron or 2£'?/e. 

mate/nal, a. •fma'trix, or wa'tronX\kQ, a. 

mater'niiy, n. mc'lrice, n. ma'tronly^ a. 

mat'ricidie, n. ma'tron,n. iJimaYrimony, w. 

*matric'ulate, v. & a. via'tronal, a. matrhwo'maX, a. 

matricula'i'ion, n. ma'tronize, v. ma^rimo'nially, ad. 

* Matriculate, (a matricida : " a matrix, quod ea velut matt-ice conti- 
neantur militum nomina," — Ainsworth), to enter or admit into a univer- 
sity or any society, by setting down the name ; to enroll or enlist. 

f Matrix or Matrice, the womb, or place where any thing is generated 
or formed ; a mould, or that which gives form to something inclosed. 

+ Matrimonii, mairiage or nuptials; the nuptial state, the contract of 
man and wife. 

MAT 299 MEC 

MatheM-^, at-05 (^(^ot,&nf^<ii, aroq, a or f^ioiv^xva) 
to learn), lear^iing: as^ mathernaiioi' ?in, one skilled 
in mathematics ; o'^^hn'athy, late education 

mathemat'ic, a. matheinatic\'a,n,n. o'pshn'athy, n. 
mathemat'ica\,a. *ma(hemai'ics, n. :^ph\Vomath, n. 
malhemat'ical\y,ad.-\-mathe^sis, n. \\-po\yTn'athy, n. 

Mat-os {fAxroij a (axu, to move or seek to), a moving, 

a motion; autow'^^al^ belonging to an 2iU.iomaton. 

autom'a/on, n. automa^'ical, a. autom'a/ous, a. 

^'Jatur-us^ a. ripe : as^ mimature', not ripe oy per^ 

feet ; -premature', ripe too soon^, or before the time. 

immature', a. mature'ly, ad. ■premature', a. 

ixnmaiurely, ad. matu'rhy, n. \)remalui'e'ly, ad. 

im7nalure'ness, n. matu'rate, v. 'premalure'ness, n. 

immahcr'ity, n. matura'tion, n. "gxtmatur'ity, n, 

mature', a. & v. matu'rative, a. 

Matutin-ITM, n. 2. t/ie morning -ma' tutin&\ or ma' tut\x\e,a. 
MAUSGLE-i/ivijf n. 2. an2/ sumptuous monument. 
•fmaiisole'um, n. mausole'an, a. 

MaxilL-^^/. 1. the jaw-bone — maa:il'lar,a. maoc'illaxy^a. 
MAXiM-t73/;, a. {a magnus), the greatest: as^ max'im, 
a general principle ; a leading truth ; an axiom. 
max'im, n. max'imum, n. 

Meghan-^ o ((ttn%«yi«&»), to contrive, to invent: as, 
mechanici'diW, one skilled in mechanics. 
\vamechan'ica\, a. mechan'ic, a. & n. *mechan'ics, n. 

* Mathematics, the science which contemplates whatever is capable of 
being numbered or measuied; comprized under lines, numbers, supeificies, 
solids, &c. : it is either Pure or Mixed ; the Pure considers abstracted quan- 
tity, without any relation to matter ; the Mixed is interwoven with physical 
considerations, as astronomy, geogi-aphy , navigation, mechanics, survey- 
ing, architecture. Sac. t Mathesis, the doctrine of mathematics. 

X Philomath, a lover of learning. \\ Polymathy, the knowledge of 

many arts and sciences, or of many different subjects. § Mausoleum, a 
liame which was first given to a stately monmnent, erected by queen Arte- 
misia, for her husband Mausolus, king of Caria, and reckoned one of the 
wonders of the world ; whence, any sumptuous, splendid, ox pompous fune- 
ral, monument, or tomb. * Mechanics, the geometry or science of rio« 

MED 300 MED 

T)ie''han'ici\h ct- jnech'an'ism, n. 

mechan'\cs.\\y, tnl. mcchanici'ixu,7i. mech'anist, n. 
mechan^icdlness, n. 

Medi-us, a. middle : as, media'tor, one who goes in 
t/ie middle between two parties^ {an intercessor') ; 
medioc'nty, iniddle rate ; inters? eW/ate^, coming in 
tlie middle between ; medl'eiy, middle state^ half, 

dimerf'iate, v. interwig'c/ial, a. me'diaiory, a. 

aimed la' tiou, n. ine'disite, v. & a. media' torsln-p, n. 

imme'diate, a. 7)ie'dintely, ad. in oi'ety, n. 

imnie'rftateiy, ad. media'lion, n. medioc'x'iiy^ n. 

imwe'rfiateness, n. media'tor, n. 

imme'diacy, n. media to' ri?\, a. »??er/eterra'nean, a. 

interme'disicy, n. media'trix, or 7?iediterTa'neo\is, a. 

intermediate, a. &u. media'tiess, 7i. me'diuui, n. 

iniQrme'diatQly, ad. 

Mede-ojr, v. dep. 2. to cure, to heal: as^ iiTemeWmble, 
that cannot be cured; medic'in^, having the power 
of healing, or belonging to physic. 

imme(i'icable, a. merficament'ally, rem'edy, n. & v. 

irTeme'diahle, a. med'icate, v. jeme'diahle, a. 

irreme'diahly, ad. medica'tion, n. reme'dial, a. 

irieme'didhlenQss,'icine, n. leme'diate, a. 

med'ical, a. *M. D. rem'edi\t?,s, a. 

med'icaWy, ad. ntedic'inahle, a. reWet/ilessness, n. 

TTied'icahle, a. medic'inal, a. unreme'diahle, a. 

tned'icaxneut^ n. medic'in^y, ad. unreni'ec/iedj a. 

werfjcament'al, a. 

Medit-or, v. dep. 1. to muse or think upon : as^ med'- 
itaie, to muse or dwell on with intense thought, — 
commonly used of pious contemplation. 
vied'itate, v. 'premed'iiate,v. Si.a. uwned'iiated, a. 

luedtta'tion, n. •pxemedita't'ion, n. unpre/wed'i/ated, a. 
vied'iiai'we, a. "prsmed'italely, ad. 

tion ; that brancii of practical mathematics which considers motion or mov- 
ing forces, tlieir nature and laws, with their effects in machines. 

* M. D. that is, medicince doctor, do<or of physic. — See foot-note under 
Doceo, p. 168. 

MED 301 MEL 

Medvll-a,,/. i. the ?narrow of bones. 

medul'lsLTy a. ined'ulldTyj a. *medul'lmy n. 

Megas (jwsyaj?)^ great — "^meg'aco^m, n. 
Mel^ mell-/^;, n. 3. {f^i^i), hone?/ : as_, ox'ymely a mix- 
ture of vinegar and hone?/. 

hy'dromcl, n. weZ/ifluence, n. *mel'l\i., n. 

:}://ie/ic'erous, a. m^/ZiPluent, a. mel'liie, n. 
meZ/Jfluous, a. meUit'ic, a. 
%mel'ldte, n. melli?iCdi'i\on, n. ox'ymel, n. 

melliferous, a. 

Melan {f^iXcev), Mack, dark: as, 7nel'af2cho\\\y, in a 
sad, dismal, or jnelancholy manner. 

TO^/'ancholiness, n. melanil'ic, a. 
tnel'ancholic^a.Sc n. mel'ajicholist, n. 
7nel'ancho\y,n- & a- mel'a7icho\lze, v. %mel'asses, n. 
viel'anc\\oVi\y,ad. ^mel'anhe, n. 

MelioRj a. (compar. of bonus, good), better : as, me'- 
lioraie, to better, (to improve.) 

ame'liorate, v. jne'lioraled, a. mdiora'tion, n. 

ameliora'tion, 71. tne'iioral'mg, a. 
me'lioTdte, v. 

Mel-os, n. 2. {uiXo?), a song or poern ; a tmte : as, 
mcl'odiy, sweet sound, {music.) 
imwe/o'dious, a. -fmel'ody, n. melo'dxows, a. 

* Meditllin, the pith of the sun-flower, which has neither taste nor smell, 
t Megacosm, see foot-note, under Macrocosm, p. 291. % Melicerous, 

noting a tiunor inclosed in a cyst, consisting of matter like lionet/. 

^Mellate, a combination of the mellitic acid with a base, 

* Mellit, in farriery, a dn/ scab on the heel of a horse's fore foot, cured 
by a mixture of honet/ and vinegar ; but Mellite, honey-stone,— a mineral 
of a 'ioney colour, found only in very minute regular crystals. — Cleaveland. 

% Mdnnite, a mineral, a variety of gamet, of a velvet black, 
or greyish black, 

§ Mclasses, me surup which drams 
from Muscovado sugar when cooling— treac/e. 

t Melody, differs from hnrmmiy, as it consists in the agreeable succession 
and moflulation of sounds by a single voice ; whereas honnonii consists in 
the accordance of d!j/vrent voices or sounds. Melody is vocal or iustiu- 
jneiita!.— H.<oAc/-. 



nielo'dionsly, ad. '^/nel', n. -j-philof?»e7a, n. 
7rte/o'diousness, n. phil'om^/, or un7«e/o'dious, a. 

mel'oASzQ, v. 

Membran-tI, /. 1. a thin fibrous skin which cove7-s the 
joints; n.^,7nem'branou.s, conshimg o^ memb)'anes. 
^mem'brane, n. memhra'neous, or membra'nifona, a. 
membrana'ceouSja. mem'branons, a. 

Memor^ a. mindful, keeping in mind : as, m,em'or. 
able, worthy of memory, or of being kept in mind, 

covamem' ordiit, v. meni'orahly, ad. men'tioning, a. 

commemora'tior\,n. * memoran' d\rca,n. \m?,xemem'be:r, v. 

covciinem'orsble, a. mem'orative, a. r&mem'ber, v. 

commem'oraf\.ve,a. mein'ory, a, remem'bertr, n. 

com7?iem'oratoi:y,»i'orlze, v. Temem'bra,nce, n. 

imwewo'rjal, a. •)• memo' rid\,a. San. Temem'brancer, n. 

ivame'fio'riaWy, ad. we.-jzo'rialist, n. remmis'cence, n. 

intevjuen'tion, v. memo'rialize, v. reminiscen'tial, a. 
^memen'to, n. \xx\men't\ox\edi, a. 

^memoir', n. men'non, n. 8l v. nnxemevi'bexing, a. 

mem'orahle, a. 7neritioned, a. unreme/n'hsra.nce,n. 

Men (fAviv), a month : as, me}ioVogj, register of months. 
^aVmajiack, n. ^menis'cns, n. mooii, n. 

||w2e»'agogue, n. menol'ogy, n. moon'y, a. 

* Melodrame, a dramatic performance, in which songs are intermixed. 

t Philomela, literally, lover oi songs; originally, the daughter of Pandion, 
kingof Athens, who was changed into a nightingale; hence a nightingale. 

X Membrane, a tt;e6 of several sorts of Jitre^, interwoven together for the 
covering and wrapping up some parts ; the fibres of the membranes give 
them an elasticity, whereby they can contract, and closely grasp the parts 
they contahi, and their nervous fibres give them an exquisite sense, which 
is the cause of their contractions ; they can, therefore, scarcely suffer the 
sharpness of medicines, and are difficultly united when wounded. — Quincy, 

II Memento, literally, let them remembe)', a memorial notice, a hint to 
awaken the memory. § Memoirs, histories written by those who have 

been witnesses of the transactions, and acquainted with the persons, which 
they describe. * Memorandum, a short note for the better remem- 

brance of a thing, or to help the memory. f Memorial, a monument, or 
whatever else serves to call a thing or person to remembrance , an address 
or petition, reminding of services, and soliciting reward. ± Almanack, a 
calendar ; a book in which the revolutions of the seasons, with the return of 
feasts, fasts, and markets, is noted for the ensuing year. || Menagogue, a 
medicine that promotes the flux of the menses. § Meniscus, literally, a 
little moon ; a lens, convex on one side, and concave oo the other. 

MEN 303 MEN 

Menage^ m. (Fr.) a household; a collection of animals^ 

*'men'age, or *meii'agery, n. -f-/«e'/iial, a. Sl n. 

Mend-^j/. 1. a blemish; a mistake: as, ^mend' or 
emend', to take out the blemishes oxftudts, (to correct.) 

amend', v. ame7ids, n. Qmen'datory, a. 

a,men'dahle, a. mend, v. 

wnen'dQT, n. e^ner/dahle, a. tnen'dahle, a. 

amend'ful, a. cvienda't'iGYis n, men'ded, a. 

amend'ment, n. vien'der, 7i. 

amend'iug, n. emen'datov, 7t. mend'ing, a. 

MENDAXjac-25j a. lying, false-mendac'iiy,n. menda'cio\x&,a. 
Mendic-17Sj,w2.2. a beggar : iis,men'dicmit,one whobegs. 
7)ien'dica.nt, a. &. n. mendic'ity, n. 
men'dic&xicy, n. 

Mend-o (comP- form o'imando), to bid. {See Mando.) 
Mens, vaent-is, f. 3. the mi7id: as, covn'ment, to write 
notes upon an author, (to explain.) 

coxa'inent, v. &. n. coxn'mendng, a. men'tally, ad. 
coiw'menter, n. ^coramentiti'on?,^ a. ve'hement, a. 
cora'?}}enia.vy, n. derfieii'tnte, v. & a. ve^hemetiily, ad. 

denienla'fAon, n. ve'hemence, n. 
conwwnta'tov, n. men't^X, a. ye:'\\emency, n. 

Mens-^,/. 1 . a table : as, ryien'svX, belongingto the table. 

men'sdl, a. 

Mens-js, 717. 3. (,tt/5v), a month : as, men'sfruai, per- 
taining to a month, or menstruum, 
men'sirual, a. men'siruoua, a. *men'st7'u\x\\\, n. 

* Menage or Menagery, a collection of wild animals ; also a yard or place 
in which they are kept. 

t Menial, belonging to a hou.''ehold, or train of servants. 

% Commentitious , ivriting notes upon an author; invented, imaginary. 

* All liquors are called menstruums, which are used as dissolvents, or to 
extract the virtues of ingredients by infusion, decoction ; so named pro- 
Dably from some notion of the old chemists, about the influence of the 
vnoon in the preparation of dissolvents. 




Mensur-.4^ /.I. (^ metior, v.dep.4. to measure), a 
measure : as, comme?i'su7'a,te, measured with or 
together; ixnyne^ise^ not measurable, (unhmited, 

Hdmeas'ureinent,n. unmeas'urahly, ad. meas'ureless, a. 

immense', a. rneas'urement, n, 

immensely, ad. meas'urahle, a. 
cGxnnieas'urdhle, a. immeiise'nesSj^ n. meas'urahly, ad. 
commen'surah\e,a. ixnmen'sity, n. vieas'urablenesSyn. 
couimensurahiVity,iuxnien'surable, a. 7neri'surahle, a. 
commen'surate, v. iramensurabil'ity, men'surahiVity, n. 

& a. ivaj?2 en's urate, a. men'sural^ a. 

coxarnen'suraXeiy, mcovcimen'surdblQ, 
commensura'tion^ mconxmensurahTl'- men'suraiion, n. 
ity, 71. mete, v.'suYdiie.,a.ine'tsT, n. 

meas'ure, n. & v. raismeas'ure, v. 

meas'ured, a. ontmeas'ure, v. 

meas'urhig, a. nnmeas'urahle, a. 
inifueas'urahle, a. meas'urev, n. uwneas'urtd, a. 

Me'^s-us, p.p. (dmetior), measured. (SeeMensura.) 

Me-o, v. 1. to go to and fro, to glide, to flow or pass: 

as, -pei'meahlej that may be passed thi'ough. 

immeabil'ity, n. mean'drian, a. -pex'meate, v. 
imTpei'meable, a. mean'drons, a. -psr'meated^ a. 

dimen'sion, n. 
dimen'siordtss, a. 
dimen'sivQ, a. 
dimen'siXy, n. 
imw^as'ttred, a. 

imperweabirity, n. 
me'medhXe, a- 
*mean'der, n.iiv. 
mean'dering, a. 

'per'tneaiitig, a. 
Yjermea'tion, ii. 
■per'meatory, a. 

per'w<?able, a. 
Y>ermeabil'\ty, n. 
per'?;(eantj a. 

Merci, /. (Fr. contr. from misericordta, Lat.) ten. 
derness, goodness, pity, grace, pardon, power, 

iner'cy, n. r?2/?rnifulnessj n. mer'cilessness, n. 

fner'ci/-&eat, n. Mnmer' ci?\i\, a. 

visr'ci^vX, a. iner ciless, a. un'?2e?''cifully, ad. 

tuer'ciixxWy, ad. wier'cilessly, ad. unmer'eifulness, n. 

* Meander, is a river of Phrygia, remarkable for its winding course ; 
bence it came to signify a maze, iabj/ritith, or gerpentine winding. 




Merc-oRj v. dep. 1. (<i merx, merc-z5_, /. 3. any hind of 
merchandise), to buy, to t7'affic : as, mer'cQv, one 
who buys and sells — commonly silks. 

coxafmerce, v. & n. mer'cers\\i'p, n 
t/i mer'cery.) n. 

comme/cJal, a. mer'cat, or 
commer'ciaWy, ad. mar'ket, n. 
mer'cantile, a. mer'cataTe, n. 

mer'chant, n. 
iner'cha,ntah\e, a. 

mer'chant-like, a. 

7ner'chant-uiau, n. 
*Mer'c\xxY, n. 
mer'cenary,a.Sin. mer'chandahle, a. unmer'c^antable, a. 
mer'cenarily, a. mer'chandize,n.Si.v.unmer'canti\e, a. 
mer'cenariness, n. meT'chandLry, n. unmer'cenaTy, a. 
fner^ccT, n. 

Mercuri-us,'^ m. 2. the messenyer and interpreter of 
the gods ; one of the planets ; quicksilver. 

*Mer'cury, n. Scv. mercu'riaVist, n. 
mercu'7'ial, a. mercu'riate, n. 

mercu'rify, v. 
TJierciiriUca'tionj n. 

Merg-Oj v. 3. to plunge or dip ; to overwhelm : as^ 
emer'gencj, a rising out of a fluid, (any sudden 
occasion, a pressing necessity.) 

A.emers'edi, a, 
dew£?r'sion, n. 
emerge', v. 
emer'gence, n. 
eme7''gency, n. 
emei-'gent, a. 
emer'sion, n, 
immerge', or 

immerse', a. Si. v. 
imntersed', a. 
inimers'ing, a. 
mime7-'s'wn, n. 
merge, or 
rnerse, v. 
tner'ger, n. 

rner s\or\, n. 
suhmei'ge', v. 
siihmerged', a'. 
&\x\)mer'g'uig, a. 
submerse', a. 
sxihviers'ed, a. 
submer'sion, n. 

* Mercutito, Mercury, the son of Jupiter and Maia, the messenger of 
Jiipiter and of the other gods, (quasi Medicurrius, quod medius inter deoi 
et homines currebat), hence called interpres divum, Virg. JEa. iv. 35G. — 
Hence his Greek name 'Ej/t^'/jj, hiterpres, Diodor. ; the god of eloquence, 
the patron of merchants, {quasi Mercurius a merx) , the inventor of the lyre 
and harp ; the protector of poets or men of genius, of musicians, WTestlers, 
&c. the conductor of departed ghosts to their proper mansions, — Horat. 
od. I. ; also the god of ingenuity and of theft. His attributes were a cadu- 
ceus or wand, having two serpents twisted round it, a petasits or winged 
cap, a talaria, or winged sandals for his feeU 

2 c 2 

MER 306 AlET 

Meridi-£S, m. 5. (medius dies)^ mid-dat/y noon; the 
south : as^ 7?ie?'id'w?in\, of the me7'idian, or south. 
antimerid'ian, a. merid'ional, a. meridionaVityj n. 
merid'ian, n. & a. »neric/'Jo;ially, ad. postTTJerirf'ian, a. 

Merit-L7m, sup. (« mereo, v. 2. to deserve), to earn or 
gain : as, merito'rious,, deserving of reward. 
demer'it, n, 

mer'itedj a. ^ . - ,. 

mer'iling, a. ^ 

merito'riou.s, a. 
mer'it, n. & v. nierito'riously, ad. unmer'ited, a. 
mer'ited, a. merito'rio\i»ness,n. unwier'i/edness, n. 

Merit-US, p.p. (a mereo),deserved, gained. (SeeMeritum.) 

M Es-os {fiia-oq), middle : asjmesara'icj of the mesentery. 
*mes'e.i\iety, n. Xmes'olite, n. §wie5'otype, n. 

mesentex'ic, a. m^^olog'arithnijn. *mez'zo, n. 

messxsi'ic, a. . mezzoxeVxe'vo, n. 

yil/^^opota'mia, n. mezzoiixit'o^ n. 

Messiah (n"«iyD, a nim, to anoi7it), the anointed, the 
Ch'ist — Messi'ah, n. Messi'ah^hvp, n. 

MESSIEURS;, {pi. of Monsieur, my Lord, Fr.) and contr. 
Messrs. Sii'S, gentlemen. 

Metall-i/a/, n. 2. {fjf.iTcc'h'hcv), a hard fossil suhsitance ; 
metal : as, mefallwrgy, the art of working metals. 

■fmei'al, n. met'aUist, n. met'allnrgy, n. 

metal'lic, a. met'all'ize, v. met^alluTgic, a. 

metalliza'tioTi, n. met'alluTgist, n. 
metallif'eYous, a metallog'ra^hy, n. mei'al-mari. ii. 
metal'Moxm, a. met'alloid, n. s,emimet'al, n. 

mefall'me, a. metalloid'al, a. v.nmetal'lic, a. 

* Mesentery/, that round which the guts are convolved, — a fatty mem- 
brane placed in the middle of the intestines, and to which they are attached. 
This prevents them from becoming entanpled with each other bv convo' 

% MetoUte, a mineral of the zeolite family. 
II Mesopotamia, an ancient country in Asia, lying between the rivers 
Euphrates and Tigris. § Mesott/pe, prismatic zeolite, a mineral. 

* Mezzo, in Music, denotes middle, mean. 

t Metal, a simple, fixed, shining, opake body or substance, insoluble in 
water, fusible by heat, a good conductor of heat and electricity, capable. 


Meteor-^ (^^iriu^oi), flying luminous bodies in the 
air or sky : as_, 7nete'oroM%, of the nature of a meteor, 
me'teor, n. * meter' oWte, n. imeteorQ\og'icz\, a. 

meteor'ic, a. meteoroVogy, n. •\^v'.e'teoroxna.x\cy, or 

meteor oVogi^i, or meter'omancy, n. 
mete'orodTi, a. meieroVogist, n. meteoro&'coTpy^ n. 

*met'eorolite, or meleorolog'ic, a. 

Meter, metr-os {fAnme,, ^'at^o^), a mother : as, me- 
tro-^' oYiz, the mother city — the chief city of a country. 
metro-p'oYxSj n. metro^'olite, n. wie^ropolit'ical, a. 
tn^i?ropol'itan,7i.&o.m(?fropolit'icj o. 

Metop-o2V {/^iTdfTTov, d f^irx & a-<^, the look), the fore- 
head, the front — w^/ojoos'copy, n. we^ojoos'copist, n. 

METR-t/Af, n. 2. (|W£Tgov), a measure : as, chrono?n'(?- 
ter, an instrument to measure time ; gomom'eter, 
an instrument to measure angles ; heXiom'eter, an 
instrument to measure the sun & stars ; hexameter, 
a verse of six feet ; pentaw'e^er, a verse of five feet. 
"t^dkltim'etry, n. \\a,nemom'eter, n. ^areom'eier, n. 

when in the state of an oxyd^ of uniting with acids and forming with them 
metallic salts. Many of the metals are also muileahle, or extensible by the 
hammer, and some of them extremely ductile. Metals are mostly /«m«7, 
and are thirty in number. Twelve of these are malleable, viz. platina, 
gold, silver, mercury, lead, copper, tin, iron, zinc, palladium, 7iicl<el,a,r\i 
cadmium. The following sixteen are not sufficiently tenacious to bear ex- 
tension b]/ heating, viz. arsenic, antimony, bismuth, cobalt, manganese, 
tellurium, tetanium, columbium, molyhden, tungsten, chrome, osmium, iri- 
dium, "■hodium, uranium, and cei-ium. " They are compact bodies gene- 
rated in the earth, heavy, hard, opaque, possessed of a remarkable lustre, 
fusible, and malleable in different degrees. Therewere originally reckon- 
ed but seven metals, viz. gold, silver, copper, tin, iron, lead, and quick- 
silver s but this number has since been increased to thirty, some of which 
have the metallic properties in a small degree. Of the primitive metals, 
gold is the h;aviest ; but platinum, one or the newly discovered metals, is 
found to be still heavier." — Crabb's Dictionary. The specific gravity of 
these metals is the following : Platina, when purified, is about 20 times 
heavier than water ; gold, 19 times ; mercury, in its native state, called 
quicksilver, 14 times ; lead, 11 times; silver, 10 times; copper, 9 times j 
iron, 8 times ; and tin, 7 times heavier than water. 

* Meteorolite or Mcterohte, a meteoric stone, — called also aerolite. 

\ Meteor omancy, divination by wefeor*, chiefly by t/jwwder and lightning, 
— held in high estimation by the Romans. X Altimetry, the art of 

taking or measuring altitudes or heights, whether accessible or inaccessi- 
ble, — generally performed by a quadrant. || Anemometer, an instru- 
ment contrived to measure the force and velocity of the wind. 

iAreomtter, an instrument to measure the density or gravity of any liquid. 




nsym'meiry, n. 

SL^yxn'metrA, a. 
*ha,CM\om' etry , n. 
•f-baro/n'^/^r, n. 

ha.TQmet'ric3l, a. 

c\\xox\om'eter, n. 
"^diia.m'eter, n. 

dia,m'etr&\, a. 

diam'e^rally, ad. 

diawe/'rical, a. 

diia.met'ricsMy, ad. 
Wdiun'eter, n. & a. 
§dynamow'^^er, w. 
*'eter, n. 

echom'etry, n. 
■\e\.Qctxom'eter, n. 

elsctrow^/Vical, a. 
Xevidiiovi'eter, n. 

e\iA.iom'etry, n. 

eudio^«e/Vic, a. 

eudiowg^Vical, a. 
\\ga\y2inovi'eter, n. 
^gasoJn'eie); n. 

gasom'etry, n. 

*geow'e/ry, n. 
gQom'etraX, a. 
gaomel'ric, a. 
geomet'rical, a. 
geomelYicaMy, ad. 
geomelrici'an, n. 
geom'etrize, v. 
gomom'eier, n, 
goTiiomet'rlcaX, a. 
graphom'e^^r, n. 
gxaw'vn'eter, n. 
heliom'eler, n. 

hexsLtn'etery n. &, a, 

hexamet'ric, a. 

hexamet'rical, a. 

hoTom'elryj n. 

horowefrical, a. 

hydront'eievj n, 
•fhydrom'e/ry, n. 

hydrome/'ricj a. 

hydromeiVical, a. 

hygrom'eter, n. 
. hygrom'elry, n. 

hygromefrical, a. 
^hy-per' meter, n. 

hyperwe^Vical, a. 
\\\ongini'etry, n. 

ma.norn'eier, n. 
^me'ter, or me'tre,?u 

rnet'rical, a. 

* Bacuhimetry (a baculus, m. 2. a staff), the art of measuring distances 
by one or more staves. f Barometer, a machine for measuring the 

weight of the atmosphere, and its variations, in order chiefly to determine 
the changes of the weather. — It differs from the baroscope, which only 
shows that the air is heavier at one time than another, without specifying 
the difference. ± Diameter, the line, which, passing from one side to 

the other through the centre of a circle, divides it into equal parts. 

U Dimeter, a verse of two measures. § Dynamometer, an instrument 

to measure the strength or power of men and animals, — used at the Ame- 
rican gymnasiums to ascertain the relative powers of the gymnasts, and 
the increase of power gained by exercise. * Echometer, an instrument 

used for measuring sound. f Electrometer, an instrument for measur- 

ing the quantity, and determining the quality of electricity in any electri- 
fied body. :]: Eudiometer, an instrument to measure the purity of 
the air, or quantity of oxygen it contains. || Galvanometer, a measure 
forascertainingthepowerof^a/yanic operations. ^Gasometer, an 
instrument to measure gases, — also the place where gas is prepared for 
lighting streets. * Geometry, originally, the art of measuring the 
earth. At present, it is used to denote the science of ertension, or extended 
things, that is, of lines, surfaces, and solids. The Egyptiatis are said to 
have been the first inventors of Geometry, and the annual inundations of 
the Nile to have been the occasion, — that river bearing away all the bounds 
and landmarks of man's estates, and covering the whole face of the country; 
the people were obliged to distinguish their lands by the observation of their 
figures and quantity ; and thus by experience and habit, formed a method 
or art which was the origin of Geometry. f Hydrometry, the act of ynea- 
suring water. % Hyper meter, any thing greater than the standard requires. 

tl Longimetry, the art or practice of measuring distances or lengths, — 
accessible or inaccessible. § Meter or Metre, speech confined to a certain 
number of harmonic syllables, — verse, measure, numbers. Rhythm respects 
time only, andcomprehends»n<*/candd^?}e!w^, as well as poetry. Metre 
respects the time and order of the syllables, and only extends to veise. 




VnicTom'eter, n. lAammetYic, a. 
*pantoni'eter^n. Sea. planime/'rical, n. 
pantomet^c, a. *'pyTom'eier, n. 

pantowze^Vicalj a. 
-^-peAom'eter, n. 

-pedomei'rical, a. 

■pentam'eter, n. 
Ij^peritn'eter, n. 
\\iphotom'eter, n. 

photome^'ric, a. 

■photomet'rical, a. symme^Vical, a. zvunosim' eter, n. 
§planim'e^ry, n. 

MiASM-^ {^AXKTf^ct, cLiu.toc.ivu, to pollute), a stain, pollution. 
•\mi'a5m, or mi'asma, n. miasmat'icy a. 

Bexn\A\ain'eter, n. 
•j-stereom'e/ry, n. 

stereome^'rical, a. 
rfstichom'e/ry, n. 
\\?,y\n.'metry, n. 

sym' me trial, a. 

symtnei'rian, n. 

symme^Vical, a. 

^yvci'metri^i., w« 

sym'weMze, v. 
§thermom'e/er, n. 

thermome^Vical, a, 
*tTigonom'eiry, n. 

trigonom etrical, a. 


trim'efer, n. 

trbnet'rical, a. 

ungeomet'rical, a. 

Mic-A,X f. I- ^ crumb, a little quantity of any thing 
that breaks off- — -^mi'ca, n. wica'ceous, a. Qmica'tion, n. 

* Pantometer, an instrument to measw-e all sorts of angles, elevations, 
and distances. t Pedometer, a mathematical instrument in the form 
of a watch, worn in the pocket, to measure the distance which the wearer 
walks, — the paces being numbered by its wheels, and the distance from one 
place to another being exactly measured. Another kind is attached to the 
wheel of a carriage, and there is surveying wheel, another kind called per- 
ambulator, a waywiser, 

% Perimeter, literally, a measuring round, the ambit or extent, the com- 
pass or sum of all the sides which bound any figure or body, of what kind 
Boever, whether rectilinear or mixed, — a circumference. 

li Photometer, an instrument to measure the relative intensities of light. 

§ Planimetry, the mensuration or measuring of plain surfaces. 

* Pyrometer, an instrument to measure the alterations of dimensions of 
metals, and other solid bodies, arising {rom heat. Muschenbroek invented it. 

t Stereometry, the art of measuring all sorts of solid bodies. 

i Stichometry, a catalogue of books of Scripture, with the number of 
verses which each book contains. — Chambers. And see I^ardner's Credi- 
bility of the Gospel History, Part II. vol. xi. p. 248. 

II Symmetry, literally, a measuring viith. or together ; adaptation of parts 
to each other ; agreement of one part with another ; proportion, harmony. 

§ Thermometer , an instrument to measure or ascertain the different de- 
grees of heat of the air, or of any matter. 

* Trigonometry, the art of measuring the sides and angles of triangles. 
The business of this science is to find the angles where the sides are given, 
and the sides of their respective ratios where the angles are given. 

t Miasm, infecting substances floating in the air; the effluvia or fine 
particles of any putrefying bodies, rising and floating in the atmosphere, 
and considered to be noxious to health. 

% Mica, a mineral of a foliated structure, consisting of thin flexible lamels 
or scales, having a shining surface. " Coloured micas generally contain 
some metallic matter, chiefly iron ; and are much more fusible than those 
which are pure and colourless." — Chambers. 




MicR-os (f^iK^oi), little, small: as^ Tw/crom'eter, an 
instrument to measure small spaces. 

*7ni'crocosm, n. wiJcrog'raphy, n. Tnt'croscope, n. 
wiicrocos'mical, a. wicrom'eter, n. microscop'ic, a. 
•\microcovi%'tic, n. mi'cro^\ioi\e, n. wiicroscop'ical, a. 

MiGR-o, v. 1. to change ones abode or dwelling, to 
remove from one place to another: as,, mi'gratoxy, 
changing residence. 

rnimigra'tion, n. remigra'don, n. 
covamigra'iion, n. intermigra'tion, n. trans'migrant,a.&.n. 

trans migrate, v. 
trail s'mi^ra/ing, a. 
transmigration, n. 
trans' migrator, n. 
^ans'm.igratoxy, a. 

as, mil'itQxy, suiting 

^m'igrant, n. & a. mi'grate, v. 

em'igrate, v. & a. migrating, a. 

em'igrating, a. migra'tion, n. 

emigra't'ion, n. mi'gratory, a. 

\ro.'migrant, n. lemi'grate, v. 
im'migrate, v. 

Miles, milit-25, c. 3. a soldier: 
a soldier, (warlike.) 

mil'itaiy, a. & n. mil'itate, v. 
^mWiiant, a. mil'itaiily, ad. \\milit'ia, n. 

MiLi-UM, n. 2. the plant called iJiillet — mil'iaiy, a. 

MiLLE, n. 3. ind. a thousand : as, milles' imdX, con- 
sisting of thousandth parts ; mil'lisiij, of a mile. 

mil'foil, n. 7?n7/en'nial; a. mil'liary, a. 

millena'r\an,n,8i. a. §mi//en'nium, n. 
mil' lenary J a. mil'le'ped, n. 

TTJzVfes'imal, a. 

* Microcosm, the little world ; man is so called, as representing the world 
in miniature ; the opposite to macrocosm or megacosm, the whole or gi'eat 
world. f Microcoustiu or MicropJione, an instrument to augment 

small sounds, and assist in hearing. 

X Militant, fighting; engaged in t^^ar/are with hell and the world; a 
term applied to the church of Christ on earth, as opposed to the church 
triumphant in heaven. 1| Militia, a body of soldiers chosen by baUot from 
the people, to defend and guard their native country, a national force. 

§ Millennium, literally, a thousand years, chiefly used for the time of 
our Saviour's expected second appearance and reign here on earth wherein 
great peace and happiness are to prevail. 

MIM 311 MIN 

MiM-t/S;, m. 2. (f^iuog), one who imitates by his gestures 

what another says or does ; a farce : as, mim'ic 
to imitate as a buffoon 

mim'ic, n. a. & v. wiwjog'rapher, n. 

nii?n'ical, a. mime'sh, 71. pan'towiwe, n. &a. 

niim'icxyy n. panto/niw'ic, a. 

niimet'ic, a. pantowjiwf'ical, a. 
mimei'ical, a. 

MiN-vEj /. 1. threats : as, mma'cious, full of threats. 
coin'wmate, v. men'aced, a. 
commina'tlon, n. vten'acer, n. min'atory, a. 

commiji'atory, a. men'acing, n. Sl a. 
inen'ace, v. Sc n. Piina'ciovxs, a. 

MiN-Eo, V. 2. to jut out, to hang over : as_, em'inence, 
state of being exposed to view, (loftiness, exaltation.^ 

eni'inence, n. pre-e/n'i?ience, n, proWiwently, ad. 

em'inency, n. -pre-em'inent, a. superew/iraence, n, 

em'inent, a. pre-e5?i'mently, ad. superewt'mency, n. 

ewi'mently, ad. Y>''^o?n'inencc, n. sapere?«'inent, a. 

pro?>i'uiency, n. superem'i/tentlyjao?. 
im'wiwent, a. prom'inent, a. 

Mi'^E'RAi.-,m.{FY.) fossil body; matter dug otit of the earth 
or 7nines : as, mineral'ogj, the doctrine 0^ minerals. 
*min'eral, n. &, a. mm'eralized, a. mineralog'ical, a. 
viin'eralht, .i. mhi'era\\ze.r, n. minera\og'icaW.Y, ad 
min^eralize, v. mi7i'eralizing,a&n.mineral'ogist, n. 

minersliza'tiovi, n. fnineraVogy, n. 

Minister, tr-?', t,i. 2. a servant, a helper: as, ^Amin' - 
ister, to serve to, {to give, to afford^ ; ministe'rial, 
pertaining to a minister, of church or state, (acting 
at command.) 
admin'ister, v. adfnin'isiered, a, adniiniste'rial, a. 

* Mineral, a fossil body. All inetals are minerals, but all minerals are 
not metals. Minm-als, in the restrained sense, are bodies that may be 
melted, but not malleated. Minerals have been variously classed by difle- 
rent writers. The system of Wem.^r comprehends them under the four 
rlasses, of earth, salts, inflammablet, and metals. To this Linnaeus has 
added a fifth Glass of petrif actives. 




aiviin'tstrahle, a. min'ister, n. & v. mtn'istry, n. 
ad^?^m'^5/rate, v. min'isiered, a. miti'istral, a. 
adminislra'tion, n. min'istering, a. min'istrant, a. 
a,dmin'islraii\ey a. minis fe'riaX, a. ministra'i'ion, n. 
administra'toT, n. niiniste'riaWyf ad. "pxeadministraUiony 
administra'tors\np,77iin'istTess, n» 
administra'txixy n. 
•aniirniniste'riai, a. 

MiNU-0, 17. 3. (a minor^ minuSj less; minimus^ least), 
to lessen : as^ dimm'ish, to make or gi'ow less ; 7ni'~ 
no?', the less — petty, little; minntQ' y small, slender ; 
minu'tigd, the smaller particulars. 

di/niri'tt^ive, a. & n. 

dimiu'uilxely, ad. minora'tlon, n. 

dimin'utiveness, n. minor'ity, n. 

ixnmimi'tion, n. min'u&nd, n. 

indiw^^?i'ishableJ a. 

min'iatuTQ, n. mi'nns, n. 

min'ikiu, a. & n. ininute\ a. 
*inin'im, n. 

7ni}i'i/num, n. 

mia'imusj n, 
•fmin'ion, n. 
dirtim'ishingly, ad. mi)i'ion-\ike, or 

min'ionly, a. 
dim'inutely, ad. min'ionshi-p, n. 
dimin'uent, a. 
diminu't'ion, n. Xmi'nor, n. &, a. 

MiNUT-t/Sj p. p. (a minuo), made less, Utile. (See Minuo.) 

MiR-us, a. strange, wonderful : as, 3,d.'mirdh\e, that 

may be admired, fit to excite wo)ider. 

ad't7iirahle, a. ad'wwVableness, n. admire', v. 

ad'mirahly, ad. ' admi'red, a. 

commi7i'uihle, a. 
conVminute, v. 
com'minuted, a. 
coui'miiuiting, a. 
comminu'tion, n. 
dimi7i'ish, v. 
diwi/i'ishable, a. 
dimin'hhed, a. 
dimin'isher, n. 
dimin'isliing, a. 

vwiute'Xy, ad. 
minute' TiQs^, n. 
min'ute, n. & v. 
min'utely, ad. 
minu'tias, n. 
minu'tial, a. 
undi»2i?i''ishable, a. 
undi/niw'ished, a. 

* Mtnim, a little man or being ; one of a certain reformed order of Fr^^n- 
ciscans or Minimi ; a note in music. f Minion, a darling, the favourita 
of a place ; a small kind of printing types. 

if Minor, literally, less, used in opposition to major, greater ; a pei-mn 
under age, — that is, under the age of twenty-one, — who by the laws of this 
country is not yet arrived at the power of managing his own affairs, or iu 
the possession of his estate. 




tnirac'uloxislyj ad. 

mirac'ulonsness, n. 
•ftni/ror, n. 

unadmired'j a. 
as, 7niscelld!nQ0\is, 

ad/niVer, n. 
ad»?2iVing, a. 

ad/niVingly, ad. *inir'ac\e, n. 
admiration, n, fftirac'ulous, a. 
Misc-JEo, V. 2. to mix or mingle 

mingled J composed of various kinds. 

min'gledi, a. mixliVni'ea\^ a. 

min'gledly, ad. 

min'gler, n. 

min'gling, a. 

miscellana'via,n, a 
Sc n. 

mixtiiin'eaXy a, 
mix'tion, n. 
mix'tyxxe., n. 

permis'iion, or 
viis'cetlany, n. -^exmix' lion, n. 
miscelLi'neous, a. j)romi.s'ciions, a. 
7niscella'neonsnsss, promw'cMOusly, ad. 
mis'cihle, a. 
mis'tion, n. 
mix. V. 

prowjij CMOusnesSj7i. 
uninter/nijred', a. 
xxnming'le, v. 
uximing'led, a. 
unviixed', or 
xxwiiixi', a. 

admio^'^ure, n. 

admix'tion, n. 

coxaming'le, v. 

coxamix', v. 

comrnj^'ion, n. 

coxnmix'tuxQ, n. 

imming'ley v. 

imfiiis'cihle, a. 

ixnonscihiVity, n. 

hxiviix', V. 

im7nix'ah\e, a. 

incGxnmix'tixre, n. mix'Qd, or 

inter«?i.r', v. mixt, a. 

intQX mix' inxe, n. ifiix'ex, n, 

min'gle, v. viix''mg) a. 

Miser, a. wretched, pitiful : as, commaVerate, to pity, 

commis'erahley a. coxaxnis'erativQ, a.'ery, n. 
convnis'eraie, v. commis'era/ively, mis'erable, a. 
covamis' eraied, a. coxnmis'eratoXy n. mis'erably, ad. 
covatnis'eraiin^, a. xni'ser, n. mis'^rableness, n. 

coxamisera'tioxi, n. yni'serly, a. 
Mis-os {(AKTOi), hatred, enmity, aversion : as, mis'^ 
anthrope, or mmn'thropist, a hater of mankind, 
wjisan'thropy, »?«"5anthrop'ic, a. tuisog'axnisty n. 

7fiis'anthxo\)e, n. 7«isanthrop'ical, a. ^misog'yny, n. 
Mi^an'thropist, n. misog'axay, n. wisog'ynist, rt. 

Miss-t7M, sup. {a mitto), to send. (See Mitto.) 

* Miracle, something that excites tt^onrfer ; a work, or an effect above 
human or natural power, performed in attestation of some truth ; or a wovk 
effected in a manner different from the ordinary course of nature, by the 
hrimediate power of the Almighty, for some particular purpose. 

t Mirror, a ;ooA:ing glass ; a pattern, an example. 

:^ Misogyny, hatred of the female sex. 
2 D 




Miss-[/s, p. p. {a mitto), sent, (See Mitto.) 
MiiiG-o, V. 1. (« mitis, a. meek, mild), to make meeh 

or mild, to soften : as, mit'i^ate, to make mild, (to 


immit'igahle, a. mitiga't'ion, n. mit'igant, a. 

mil'iffate, v. miCiffahle, a. un))ut'iffixted, a. 

mit'igated, a. mit'igative, a. \mmit'iga\Ae, a. 

mit'igatuig, a. mit'igaiox, n. 

MiTT-0^ V. 3. to send: as, admit', to send to^ {to allow) ; 

demit', to send down^ {to depress) ; dismiss', to send 

asunder or away ; omit', to leave out, to pass over, 

to neglect; remit', to send back; mamis'sihle, not 

to be lost ; transjnit'tihle, that may be sejit beyond, 

or from place to place. 

ad/nw'^Jble, a. demise', n. & v, 

admissihiVity^ n. commissa'rial, a. 

admissi'on, n. *covL\niissa'xiaie, n. demissVon, n. 

adww^i'on-money, •fcom'missary, n. 

admit', v. 

admii'ted, a. 

admit'ting, a. 

admit'ier, n. 

admit'tihle, a. 

ad«2?77ance, n. 

amissVon, n. 

aviW, V. 

com'«2?5sansliip, n. 
coxamis'sMre, n. 
commit', v. 
commit'ied, a. 
commii'ting, a. 

demit', v. 
d'vnit', V. 
dimissVon, r 
dim'issoiy, a. 
dismiss', v. 
dmnis'sed, a. 
dhmis'sing, a. 
diiii/iis'sal, n. 

commit' ler, n. 
coxamit'ment, n. 
Xcommit'tee, n. 
commissi'on,a. & v. comnii/'/eeship, ?i 
commissi'oned, a. 
commissioning, a. com'-promit, v. 

\\com'Y)romise,n.&.v. di<.missi'on, n. 
coxnmissi'oner, n. con^pxomisso'ria\.,a.d\'smis'sive, a. 

* Commissariafe, a body of persons attending an army, commissioned to 
regulate the procuration and conveyance of ammunition or provision. 

t Cummissari/, an officer who draws up lists of the numbers of an army, 
and regulates the procuration, &c. ; also a delc'c:ate, a depuri/. 

I Con.mittee, those who are se7it tof^cthcr, to whom the consideration or 
ordering of any matter is refeired, either by some court to whom it belongs, 
or by consent of parties. 

II C(if)! promise, a »nutual promise of two or more parties at difference, to 
refer tfie ending ot their controversies to the arbitriment or equity of one 
or more arbitrators ; a compact or bargain, in which some concessions are 
made on each side. 




*em'issary, n. & a. man'umit, or 

cmissi'on, n, 

cmissili'ous, a. 

eynit', v. 

extramis^i'on, n. 

ivamissV ou, n. 

ixnmit', ?>. 

iTidAmis'sihXe, a. 

mad77iissih\yity,n. \\mis's\\e, u. Sin 

inamis'sihle, a. 

inamis'5?b]eness5 n 

interwH'ssi'on, n. 

intermi^'sive, a. 
•fintermii', v. 

intermil'ted, a. 

intermit'tent, a.&n. omissi'on, n. 

interTOi7'^ing, a. omis'sih\e, a. 

interwii/'^ingly, ad. omis's'we, a. 
ijlintromis^i'on, n. *-permit', v. 

intiomit', v. *per'mi/, n. 

inemis'sihle, a. -permil' lance, n. 

irreTnw'^ibly, ad. perw/sii'un, n. 

irrewzis'^jbleness, w. permis'^ive, a. 

manu??2i5*i'orij n. ■pexmis's'wtly, ad. 

xna\Yu.mise, v. 
\nan\xmit' tad, a. 
manumitting, a. 
mis'sile, a. & n. 
missVon, n. 
missi'onaxy, n. & a. 

. §mj77unusj n. 
omit', V. 
omit'ted, a. 
omit' ting, a. 
omit'tance, n. 

Tpermis'sihle, a. 
premise', v. 
prem'isc, n. 
prem'wes, n. 
pretermit', v. 
pretermissVon, n. 
■\'pxom'ise, n. &. v. 
pTom'ised, a. 
promisee', n. 
prom'ising, a. 
prom'iscr, n. 
prom'issoxy, a. 
prom'issoxiiy, ad. 
re-admissx' on, n. 
xe-admil', v. 
re-admil'tarice, n. 
xecommissi'on, v. 
xecommiss'i'onedy a. 
re-commit', v. 
xecommit'ted, a. 
xecoxnmit'ting, a. 
xemise', v. 
xemi'sed, a. 

* Emissary, literally, one that sends out ; one sent out on private mes- 
hAgcs ; a secret agent, a s-py. 

\ Intermit, to send between, (to cease for a time) ; to grow mild between 
the fits or paroxysms, — used of fevers. Hence intermittent, sending be- 
tween, or coming hy Jits. 

■^ hit) omission, the act of sending within or in, admission ; (in Scottish 
law) the act of intermeddling with anotlier's effects ; as, he shall be brought 
to an account for his intromissions with such an estate. 

II Missive, such as is sent — used at a distance ; in Scotland, a letter sent 
— iised at the concluding of a treaty or bargain, particularly of the lease of 
a farm ; tiie proprietor and tenant each receiving a copy of the terms of the 
Itase (called the missive) previous to their being extended on stamp paper. 

§ Mittimus, literally, tve send; a warraiit, by which a justice commits 
an offender to prison. 

* Permit', v. literally, to send through, or to let a thing go its way; to 
allow, without command ; to suffer, without authorizing or approving ; 
to give up, to resign. Per'mit, n. a written permission from an officer, to 
transport goods, —particulariy*;;«;n7o?(.v liquors, — from place to place, show- 
ing the dutt/ on them to have been paid. 

t Promise, literally, to send or set before hand, to make declaration of 
some benefit to be conferred ; to give one's word, to assure; to exhibit a 
prospect of good, to excite hope, — as, ti;'0»H',v/»^ weather ; the business is 
m a prominiiig way. 




Tomi'singy a. 
*Tzmiss% a. 
remissly) ad. 
rsmiss'nesSy n. 
Temis'sihley a. 
Temissi'on, n. 
re7nis'si\e, a. 
remit', v. 
remit'ter, n. 
remit'i'xnce, n. 
re7nit'ia\, n. 
re,v2i77ed, a. 
remii'intnt. n. 

subj7n*s'sive, a. transmii'/al, n. 

submis'iively, ud. transmii'/tble, a. 
submis'siveness, n. transmi^'^ed, a. 

-|-submif', V. 
sub7?i!77ed, a. 
%\i\)mit' ting, a. 
sub)ni/7er, n. 

trans77/ii7erj n. 
trans7nii7ing, a. 
uncommitf te^t a. 
unintermissi'on, n. 
unintermi^'^edj a. 
unintermj/7ing, a. 
unmis'A-ed, a. 
wnxemit' teHi, a. 

suriyiise', v. & n. 

surmi'^ed, a. 

surnzj'ser, ?i. 

surmj'^ing, 7i. & a 

transmis'sible, a. 
sub-commi/'^ee, n. transmmibil'ity, n. unremi<7ing, a. 
$,uh7niss', a. tr&nsmiss'i'on, n. unremittingly, ad. 

transmJA'^ive, a. unsubm/s'sive. a. 

transmit', v. unsubmii'^ing, a. 

submis^i'otij n. 

MiXT-us, p. p. (a misceo), mixed or mingled. (See Misceo. ) 

MNE-o/br Mna-o {u-yaa), to remind Qy: lout in mind: 

as, ninemon'iQ.^, the art of memory. 

%a,m'nestY, n. mnemon'iCy a. 

mnemon'ic%, n. 

MoDERAT-us, p.p. (« moderor), restrained, regulated, 

(See Modus.) 
MoDER-oR, V. dep. 1. (rt modus), to restrain, to refrain 

to regulate. (See Modus.) 

MoD-t7S, m. 2. <3^ measure ; a manner ; a rule, a di- 
rection: as, accom'7?zo</ate, to suit, to Jit ; commo'- 
</^ous, s2<;?Vable ; mod'idxiie, io form sound to a cer- 

* Remiss, literally, jeniback, not vigorous, careless, slothful, not intense. 

t Submit, to send under, to let down, to subject or resign, without re- 
sistance to authority; to leave to discretion, to refer to judgment-; to ac- 
quiesce in the authority of another, to yield. 

^ Amnesty, a not remembering, an act of oblivion ; an act by which crimes 
against the government, to a certain time, are so obliterated, that they can 
never be brought into charge. 




tain key or note ; mimod't rate^ not measured or 
restricted, {excessive.) 

SiCcort\',v8i. a. mod'einized, a. 

accom'modated, a. inod'ernizing, a. 

incomwo'rfi'ng, a. *mod'erns, n. 

incommo'dious, a. mod'ei>t, a. 
accom modaimg,a. mcon')mo'diou?,ly,ad.mod'e?,tly, ad. 
accommoda'tion, 71. incommo'dious,ness,mod'e^ty, n. 

s,ccora' modatox, n. 

mode, n. 
mo'dal, a. 
viodal'iiy, n. 
fnod'e], 71. & V. 

'f7nod'icum, n. 
viod'iiy, V. 
7?joo?'«fied, a. 
mod'i^ymg, a. 

commode', v. 
commo'dioas, a. 

conuTJoV/iously, ad. mod'elled, a. 
covAmo'diousiiess,nmod'en\vg, a. 
commod'ity, n. viod'ell&x, 7i. 
di^cowimodc' , V. mod'erate, a. & v. 

mod'erated, a. 
discom?7?o'c/3d, a. mod'e7'ate]y, ad. 
discomwoWinj^, a. tnod'eratencas, 71. 
di.«com7??oWious, «. mod'e7~atn\g, a. 
disconimof/'ity, 7b. 7nadera'lion, n. 
immod'e7-&cy, n. mnd'ei-atox, ii. 
\VLW.od' e7"Aie, a. mod'erator^h\^, n, mod'iilated, a. 
hvanod'erately, ad. mod'ei-n, a. & n. mod'ulating, a 
i'.r.modera'ilon, n. 7nod'e7'ness, n. 

mod'ernizc, v. 

7nod'ermzer, 71. 

mod'e)-m»t, 71. 

mod'e7'rd^Ya, 7i. 

immof/'est, a. 
immof/'estly, ad. 
immorf'esty, n. 
incommode' , v. 
incommo'c?edj a. 

mc/'ifier, 71. 
wor/itica'tion, 7i. 
mod' ifiahle, a. 
modif'icable, a. 
?«o'cZish, a. 
mo'dhhly, ad. 
wio'rfishness, n. 
mood, n. 
%mod'ult, 71. & V. 
mod'7ihite, v. 

modii la' t'ion, n. 
modula'tox, 71. 
\\mo'dus, n. 
remod'el, v. 
unaccoui' modaied, 

MoL-A, f.\. a millstone ; a salted cake, made of meal 
and salt, which used to he sprinkled on the head of 

*Moderns (moderne, Fr, ; from modernus, low Latin ; supposed a casual 
corruption of /iorf/erwii.s; " velpotiusabadverbiowodo modernus, ut s.die 
diurnus," Ainsirorth), tliose who have lived lately, opposed to the ancients. 

t Modicum, small portion, pittance. 4^ Module, a model or repvc- 

eentation ; in architecture, a certain measure or size taken at pleasure, for 
regulating the whole building. il Modus, a compensation for tithes, 

2 D 2 

MOIi oi<^ ?,SOX 

the oictiiii before it icas saa-ijiccd : as, iivJ hioIuXq, 

to sacrifice ; to offer in sacrifice, 
"emol'uinent, n. im'/no/ated, a. im'mo/ator, n. 

ermduxmn'tsX, a. ini'??jo/ating, a. •\mole, n. 
iiii'm.v/ii,le, V. iinmo/a'tiou, Ji. 

MuLEST-L'.s, a. troublesome, teasi)?(/ : as, 77iocest', to 

tro?'b/e, to ilisturb. 

mnlesl', V. moles'tzT, n. molcst'M, a. 

■niole^'i^il, a. moleata'i o'r>, n. unmolest'cd, a. 

moles' t'ni^, a. 
MoLT-oK, V. dcp. 4. {a mules, m. 3. a heap or mass'), to 

rear or build : as, uc/vwrish, to throw do^vn buikU 

inys, (to destrof/.) 

dbmorhhy V. de7?2orislied, a. mole, n. 

ddmol'lshcr, n. de;no/'isliing, a. uudtmol'ished, a. 
demolii'iou, ii. de»io/'ishment, n. 

MoLL-rs,, a. soft : as, mol'liiy, to make soft. 
e7?7o/'/es'cence, n. emollit'ion, n. mol'lify, v. 

emol'lidtii, V. mol'li^ed, a. moriiHer, n. 

emol'lia.ted, a. mol'lifyixig, a. mol'li6.a,hle, a. 

emol'liating, a. mol'lient, a. molli&ca,'tion, n. 

emol'lieiU, a. Sl n. 

MoM-ENT-uM, n. 2. (« moveo), motion ; force, im~ 
portance or value, weight ; the sixtieth part of a 
minuUi : as, mo'mentavy, lasting for a moment. 

mo'inenturily, ad. 
immomen' tov^s, a. momen'lous, a. 

mo'ment, n. \\momen' tnva, n. 

mo'meutly, ad. mo'raentd.xy, a. 

MoNE-o, V. 2. to put in mind, to warn : as, acl,>«o;>'- 
ish, to 20an2 of faults ; 7non'um.QX\i, an}'^ thing that 
puts or Iceeps in mind, a tomb. 
adwon'ish, v. admon'isher, n. adTTiijrt'ishment, n. 

* Emolumeyit, (properly, the grist of a ntill ; originally, toll taken for 
grinding ;) the profit arising from office or employment ; gains in gener;-.!. 

t Mole, a mass of fleshy matter of a spherical figure, generated in tlie 

H Momentum, in mechanics, the quantity of motion in a moving body. 
This is always equal to the quar.tity of matter multiplied into the velocity. 





s.\\iiionHl'on^ n. 
iidtnoniti'oner, n. 
sdvion'ifory, a. 
admon'tdve, a. 
nimon'itox, n. 

f/ioniii'on, n. 
mon'it'ive, a. 

*/non'itor, n. prewic//isl)ment,/i. 

7/to7i'i(7'e>is, n. YceuwrdtVon, n. 

moi'itory, a. Sen. jyrenion'iiovy, a. 
7iionito'ria.l, a. subi)ion'ish, v. 
vion'ument, n. submo7iiii'on, n. 
monumen'tal, a. -f^urn'moji, v. 
i7wnumen'ta\\y,ad. aum'fiioner, 71. 
preadwo«'ish, v. surn'mons, n. 
pre';<o/i'isli, v. unadwo/i'ished, a. 

MoNiT-L7S_, p.p. {a moneo), warned. (See Moneo.) 
MoN-os (f^ovos), one, alone, solitary : as, mon'ach^, 
pertaining to. monks or a monastic life ; rnon'didi, 
an indivisible thing ; moii'Qxoh., tlie government of 
a single person ; mon'asiQxy, a house of religious 
retirement ; mon'odiy, a poem sung by one ; mo- 
'^^op'atliy, solitary feeling or suffering. 

antiwonarch'ic, a. ?«o/i'archy, n. §f«o?ie'cian, n- & a. 

anti?/?o/iarch'icalj«. »Jo«.'arch, n. monk, n. 

anti?»ou'arcliist, n. 7«o/i'archess, n. inonk'ery, n. 

angiowo7iosperm'- ?;?onarch'al, a. 

ous, c. 

nzon'achal, a. 

»;?ow'acliism, 7i. 

7)ion,'ad, 71. 
^mon'adelph, n. 

wionadeph'ian, a. 

tnonad'ical, a. 

wowad'ic, a. 
\\mon-dn'dei, 7i. 

»«o?zan'drian, a. 

?7io?.'arch'ialj a. 
monaxch'ic, a. 

7/wn archise, v. 
w^oM'archist, 7i. 
mon'astery, n. 
7/<o?ias'tic, a. &. n. 
7.''ortas'tical, a. 
?^2o«as'tically, ad. 

7nonk'iii\\^ a. 

t)ion'och.Gid, n. 
7nonochTomat'ic, a, 
*ino7i' ocule, n. 
7nonoc'M\ax, a. 
t//onoc'ulous, a. 
mo/iodac'tylouSj a. 
TTion'odi&t. 71. 

mo?ias'ticism, n. '\-mo7i'odoii, n. 

* Monitor, one who ivarns of fault, iw/c/rws of duty, ox gives useful 
hints ; used of an upper scholar in a school, conimissioned by the master 
to look to the boys of his class in his absence, and assist them iu the pre- 
paration of their lessons. 

1 Summon (sum for suh), to warn up, to call with authority, to cite. 
Monadelph, in botany, a plant whose stamens are united in one body by 
the filaments. || Monandcr, in botany, a plant having one stamen only. 

§ Monecian, in botany, one of that class of plants, whose male and fe- 
male flowers are on the same plant. *Monocule, an insect with one eye. 

^Monodon, the unicorn fish, or sea unicorn, which has a remarkable horn 
projecting from its upper jaw, called also the monoccios, or horned narwhal. 
Us usual size is from 16 to 20 feft 




*mon'ogam, n. 

7«onog'amy, n. 

♦«o«og'amist, n. 

JHonogam'ian, a 

-}-nJ07i''ogram, ?i 

»,vo/i'osyllable, n. 
^.o^osyllabled, a. 
7nono\ri'dic\\y, n. wi'onosyllab'ic , a 
«2o«op'athy, w. -f-?;zon'ostich, w. 
*wo«opet'alous, a. :J:«2oyiostroph'ic, o. 
•f-w2or<,'oplithong, 72. 7«o/ioth'eist, n. 
r?jo«ophthon'gal, ff. w?o;ioth'eisiTi, n, 
TOou'ogrammalja. :{:??zo?ioph''yllous, a. |l??JC»»oth'elite, n. 
Jwonog'raphy, n. ||???o;ioph'ysite, ?j. vion'oione, n. 
«Jo?i'ograph, n. y^o/iop'olize, v. §f7io?iot ony, ?i. 
?720?20graph'ic, a. 7/?onop'olizer, 7i. 
«2onograph'ical, a. wonop'olist, n. fwoftot'onous, a. 
||/7to7i'ogyn, 72. §wo?2op'oly, n. 

njortogyn'ian, a. *wonop'tote, 72. 
»??o/2'ologue, 72. ».>2onosperm'ous, a 

MoNS^ mont-^'5^ «?. 3. a high hill . 
full of ^2^/z hills. 

unmo^zop'olize, v. 
as, ???oz/«7ainous. 

dii^mountf, v. moun'dei, a. 7noM?2'^aiiiousness, 

d'lsmoini'ted, a. vioun'ding, a. *moun'te\>a.nk, n. 

dismoun'ting, a. mount, n. & v. moun'ted, a. 

moun'iant, n. mouyi'taxn, n. & a. moiint'er, n. 

t)io7itsin.'ic, a. mounta.mttr' , n. moun'tmg, n. 

mound, n. & v. moun'tdiiiiO\x%, a. moun'thigly, aa. 

* Mo7wgam, in botany, a plant that has a simple flower, though the an- 
thers are joined. 

t Monogram, a character or cipher, composed of ojie, two, or more letters 
interwoven, being an abbreviation of a name, used on seals, &c. 

X Monographi/, a description drawn in lines without colours. 

II Monogt/n, in botany, a plant having only one style or stigma. 

* Monopetaloui, 
it is used for sucn flowers as are formed out of otie leaf, howsoever they 
may be seemingly cut into many small ones, and those fall off together. 

t Monophthong, a simple vowel-sound. ± Monophyllous, havin" one 

leaf only. 1| Monopht/sife, one who maintains that Jesus Christ had but 
one nature. § Monopoly, the sole power or exclusive privilege of selling 

any tiling. * Monoptote, a noun used only in some one oblique case. 

f Mortoitich, a composition consisting of owe verse only. 

± Monostrophic, having one strophe ; not varied in measure; written in 
unvaried measure. |] Monothelite, (6iXr,(ns, thelesis, will), one who 

holds that Christ had but one will. 

§ Monotoni/ or Monotone, oaetoneor sound, Mn(/by»j£?y of sound; want 
of proper cadence in pronunciation. 

* Mountebank, one who mounts a bench or stage in the market 01 
other public place, and boasts his infallible remedies and cures, — any boast 
ful or false pretender. 

.MON 321 I\iOR 

prom'on/ory, n. snTmoun'ted, a. tramon7ane, n. & a. 

rtmoiint', v. surmoun'ter, n. \x\trnmon'tane, a. 

%\ixmounlf, V. sur;«own7ing, a. unsurwowrt^ablej a. 
surmoitn'/able, a. 

MoNSTR-Oj V. 1. to show , to point out ; to tell ox declare : 
as, ^Qm'onst7'3XQ, to show or prove with the highest 
degree of certainty ; monaster, a prodigy, a being 
out of the common course of nature ; mus'ter, to 
collect troops for review, to assemble. 
^tmon'slrdh\Q, a. diemon'stratoTy,a. 
de7non'strah\y,ad. indemon'strable,a. Te77ion'strate, r. 
dem'o7isfra.te, v. mon'sier, n. remon'stratin^, a. 

dsm'onsirated, a. mG)i'sirous,a,8iad. 
de7n'o7istratiug, a. 77ion'strous\y, ad. remon'sfrauce, n. 
demonstra'tion, n. ?7io7i'slrousness, ?i. Temon's(rar\t,ii.&.a. 
demon' sir ative, a. monstros'ity, n. xt77ionstra'tor, n. 
demon'strativtly, rnus'tei', n. & v. \xndeino7i'strablQ,a. 
dem'o7isi7'aior, n. 

MoNTAN-us,, tn. 2. a7i ancient heretic. 

^tnon'ta/iism.n. ?»on'/afnist.n. montaTiis'tic ,</. 77 1 on' !amze,v, 
I\IoRAVi-A,/. 1. a coindryin Gcr7na7iy — •\7nora'via\'\,n. &.a. 
Mohb-us, m.2. a disease: as_, morbiric, causing <i^/5- 
ease ; mo?-birious, pertaining to measles. 

"^chdlexa-vior'bus, 7i. morbific, or morbose', a. 

7JW7''bid, a, 9tlo7•bif'ic^A, a. tnorbosi'ity, n. 

nior'b'idwQ^s, n. morbil'lous, a. 

* Montanlsm, " the tenets of Montamis, an ancient heretic, who, about 
the close of the second century, founded a sect; unjustly pretending to be 
a prophet ; multiplying fasts ; forbidding se^-ond marriages ; condemning 
all care of the body ; and declaring that philosophy, arts, and whatever 
6a\ cured of polite learning, should be banished from the Christian church." 
— Joh}>son's D-ict. by Todd. 

t Moravian, one of a religious sect of MoravianznA Bohemian brethren, 
which was founded in the fifteenth century. In modern times, one of the 
United Brethren, who are followers of Count Zinzendorf, a Gerinan noble- 
man ; called also Herrnhuters. The gross fanaticism of these persons has 
been warmly praised ; as have also their quiet demeanour, and their un- 
daunted courage in communicating the light of revealed religion to the 
Ciost remote and uncivilized parts of the world. 

% Choleramorhus, in medicine, a, sudden overflowing of the bile, or bill- 

.11 OR 



MoRD-EOj V. 2. to bite : aSj remorse', a biting back, 
pain of guilt ; morddJ cion?,, biting, given to biti7ig. 

lemorsed', a. 
lemorse'fwl, a. 
remorsc'lcsfi, a. 
Temo7'se'les^\y, ad. 
re??2or*e'lessness, n. 

fiiorda'cious, a. vwr'sel, n. 

niorda.' c\o\x^\y, ad. mor'snre, n. 

oiiordac'ity, n. remord', v. 

inor'dic&ncjj n. Te7uo7'd'ency, n. 

vior'dicant, a. Temorse', n. 
viordica' iioiiy n, 

MoROS-us_, a.jjeevish, ill to please. 

7f!orose', a. rnorose'ness^ n. moros'ity, n. 

morose'ly, ad. 

MoRPH-£ {y^oe^pA), a form m figure : as, metamorpk^- 
ose, to change the form or shcqoe ; amorph' ow^ 
without /orwi_, of irregular shape, 
amorph'y, n. -f-anthropomorjo/i'ite, metamorjo/i'ism, n. 

a7no)'ph'ouii, a. anihro^omorph'- metamorpho'sis, n. 
* anamo)'pho'sis, n. ous, a. metamorjo/i'osic, a. 

anthropo??i05-p/2;''- xneiamorpTi'ic, a. inetarao?-jo^'osing,a. 
ism, 71. xnetamo7-ph'ose, v. raetamorphos^ticai. 

Mors, mort-?'^, /. 3. death : as, mortal, liable to death, 
or causing death ; coramo'rient, dfmg with or at 
the same time; mor'timx^, a burial--^ZQ, or be- 
longing to it. 

disworf'gage, u. 

injwzor^al, a. 

im7Ho?'7ally, ad. 

imnwWal'ity, n. 

im7?ror7alize, v. 

&morl', aAv, 
^ayiwr'dze, v. 
aniortiza'tio'n, or 
ai7ior'f izement, n. 
com/«o'rient, a. 

imnjor^alized, a. 
imworValizing, a. 
iiTi?«or/ifica'tion, n. 
Ijwor/, n. 
mor'tal, a. & n. 

ens matter, both upwards and downvvards ; a dangerous disease, which vi- 
sited this country 1831, with great virulence and mortality, proving fatal in 
Bome places to the one-half, and in general to the one third of its victims. 

* Anamorphosis, in perspective drawings, a deformed or distorted por- 
trait orfii^iere, which, in one point of view, is confused or unintelligible, 
and in another, is an exact and regular representation. 

t AnthropomorpMtes, a sect of ancient heretics, who believe a human 
fbrm in the Supreme Being. 

:j: Amortize, in English law, to alienate in moi'tmain, that is, to sell to a 
corporation, sole or aggregate, ecclesiastical or temporal, and their succes- 
sors. This was considered as selling to dead /jawfi?, (in mortmain.) 

II Mort, a tune sounded at the death of game ; also, a salmon in his third 




mor'iaWy, ad. mor'tising, a. 
rnorlaVity, n. 

mor'talize, v. mor'tiiy, f . 

*?nori'gage, n. & u. morVifier, n. 

mort'gageA., a. wor'Aified, a. 

mortgagee', n. 
T/iort'gager, n. 
7nortl{'eTo\is, a. 
•\-?nor'tise, n. & v. 
wor'iised, a. 

'mur'der, n. & v, 
mur'dered, a. 
mur'dererj n. 
rnur'deress, n, 
muydering, a. 
mur'derous, a. 
mur' dcr o\Vs\y, ad, 
miir'r am, n. 
vmmor^'gaged, a. 

wor'/ifiedness, n. 
mor^ifica'tion, n. 
mor'ti^ying^ a. 
:J:wor^'mainj n. 
mor'tuary, n. & a. unmorVJiied, a. 

MoRS-c/Sj j9.p. (a mordeo)^ bit ox bitten. (SeeMordeo.) 

MoS;, mor-iSj m. 3. a manner or custom : as^ mortal, 

relatmg to manners or morality/ ; morig'evous, obe- 
dient, obsequious. 

ai\.i\mor'a\\s,t, n. immoroViiy, n. 

dewor'alize, v. mor'ai, a. & n. 

de7Horaliza'tion, n. mor'aWy, ad. 

demor'alized, a. moraVity, n. 

dewor'alizing, a. 7/ior'alist, rt. 

immorig'eToua, a. mor'alize, v. 

immorig'erousnesSj mor'aXized, a. 

iinmor'al, a. 

MoT-us^ p.p. {d moveo), moved. 

MovE-O;, V. 2. to move : as, c.omjjw'tion, a 7nov'mg to- 
gether, a tumult ; immove^ahle, that cannot be 
?noved ; ^xoynote', to 7nove forward, to advance. 

vior'sXizer, n. 
vior'&\\zn\g, a. & n. 
moraliza'tion, n. 
7«o?''h1s, n. 
wiorig'erouSj a. 

unwor'alized, a. 
(See Moveo.) 


commo don, n. 
commoVioner, n. 
commove', v. 

emo'iion, n. jllocowio'iion, n. 

lYiimove'ablQ, a. \ocomo' t'we, a. 
hnmove'ah\encs,%,n. loco?Hodv'ity, n. 
ixnmove'ahly, ad. mob, n. & v. 
ivnmoveabil'iiy , n. mob'hish, a. 
irremove'ahle, a. mo'b\]e, a. & n. 

countermoVion, n. irreTOOveabil'ity, 71. mobiViiy, n. 

* Mortgage, literally, a dead pledge ; the grant of an estate in fee, as 
•erurity for the payment of money ; also, a pledge of goods or chattels by a 
debtor "to a creditor, as security for the debt, 

t Mortise, a hole cut into wood, that another piece may be put into it 
and form a joint. % Mortmain, see under amortite, p. 32l'. 

II Locomotion, the act or power of moving from i-lace to place. 




mo'iion, n. & v. 

»wo7ionless, a. wjou'ing, a. & n. 

mo'tivey a. & n. mov'mgly, ad. 

motiv'ity, n. ?«oy'ingness, n. 

mo'ioT, n. \)romote', v. 

mo'lory, a. prowo/ed', a. 

move, V- & n. jiTomo'ter, n. 

moved', a. "promo'tion, n. 

mov'ei, n. prowjo7ing, a. 

more'able, a. prowjo7ive, a. 

«2oye'ab]y, ad. remote', a. 

move'eihles, n. remotely, ad. 
wore'ableness, n. 

moyfiless, a. remote'ness, a. 
move'ment, n. 

1\lv!C-us, m. 2. the filth of the nose, sliine : as^ muci--. 
/ag'inouSj pertaining to 7nucilage, slimy. 

remove', v. & n, 
remoy^'able, a. 
remov'aX, n. 
removed', a. 
remoy'edness, «. 
rewor'er, n. 
remov'\x\g, a. 

unjKoued', a. 
unmo'j'ing, a. 
xxwremoved' , a. 
unreTwove'able, a. 
unrewoue'ably, ad. 

miicTc, n. & v. 
miic'ky, a. 
muc'kiviess, ii. 
muck'»'orm, n. 

mu'cic, a. ■fmu'ciie, n. 

mu'c'id, a. mu'cous, a. 

7?2?<'cidness, n. wzu'cousness, n. 

*mu'cilage, n. mu'culeut, a. 

mucildg'mou.s,a. ^mii'cus,n. 
Mufti (Turk), the high-priest of the Mahometans. 
MuGI-O, V. 4. to bellow Ovlow—mu'gient,a. r emu' g lent, a<, 
MuLG-o/br VuLG-Oj v. ]. (a vulgus), to make known 

among the jpeoj)le, to publish. (See Vulgus.') 
]\IuLT-i7Sj a. many : as, mul'tifid, ma7i?/-c\eh ; mul- 
^/loc'ular, having many cells ; mzJ^i'p'arous, pro- 
ducing many at a birth ; muVti^^d, an insect with 
many feet. 
W7///ang'ular, a. »nz<Z/ang'ularly, ad. 

* MucUaire, in chemistry, one of the proximate elements of vegetables. 
The same subetpnce is a gum when solid, p.vA a mucilage when in solu- 
tion. The liquor which rnoistejis and lubricates the ligaments and carti- 
lages of the articulations or joints in animal bodies. 

■j- Muclfe, a combination of a substance with mitcoits acid. 

i Mucus, a v'scid fluid secreted by the mucous membrane, which it serves 
to moisten and defend. It covers the lining membranes of all the cavities 
whirli open externally, such as those of the mouth, nose, lungs, intestinal 
eancl, uiinary passages, 8jc It differs from gelatine. 




muliica^'sulax, a. multii^'aTous, a. 
multicafvous, a. multi^p'astite, a. 
multi£a.'no\is, a. mul'liped, n. & a. 
mul ti fn'iiously, ad. 7nul'tiple, n. & a. 
«jwWfa'riousnesSjn.7«M/7tplex, a. 

mjcl'dfid, a. 
mulli£1.0T0us, a. 
tnul'iifoxm, a. 
muliiform'ity, n. 
multigen'exous, a. 
muliiju'gous, a. 
»itt//ilat''eral, a. 
muliilin'eal, a. 
multiloc'ulaT, a. 
multiVoquous, a. 
muitinom'inal, or 
multino' mia\, a. 

mul'iipliable, a. 

rnul'liplyingy a, 
rnulti'p'otent, a. 
muUi'pTes'ence, n. 
miillisiViquous, a, 
multis'onons, a. 
mrt/Zisyl'lable, a. 

mul'tip\'vdhleneiss,n.mul'litude, n. 
»w«/'/tplicable, a. 7«7//iitu'dinoiia, a. 
»jM//iplicand', n. ■mulii\'a.g-d,nt, 
miil'tiplicate, v. 

wiu/Viplicative, a. multiv'ions, a. 
mw/^iplica'tion, n. Tnulloc'u]ar, a. 
mtf^'/iplicator, n. 'mul'livalve n. 

TOw/^ivalv'ulai, a. 
multiw'evs'dnt, a. 
o\eimul'iit\xdc, v. 

mid iiplic'ity, n. 
rrml'tiply, v. 
viuliiplied', a. 
miiytiTplieT) n. 

MuLCT-^ or MuLT-^^/. 1. a fine, a penalty, 
rrnilct, n. & v. mulct'uaryy a. 

MuND-C75j m. 2. the world: as, niu?i'dane, oHheworhi.. 

antemun'dane, a. mun'dane, a. suprawzwra'rfane, a. 

extTamun'dane, a. wm/<rftv'agant, a. ultTamuu'daiii:, a. 
inteimun'dane, a. "po&tmun'dane, a. 

MuND-i7S, a. clean : as, rnimd i^c3L't\on, the act of 
cleansing any body. 

imtnund', a. mun'datoxy, a. mundi?'non, n. 

ixnmundic'ity^n. -^mun'dic, n. mundii 'ic&t\\e, a. 

MuNiciPi-UMj n. 2. (a munuS;, office, duty, et capio), a 
free city, or town — Xmunic''ij)?i\.,a. munxcip?i\.'\Xy^n. 

*Miiltivalve, an animal which has a sliell of ynany valves or foltling-dnors. 

t Mundic, a mineral substance— so called from its shining appearance. 

% Municipial, as used by the Romans, orit;inally desijinated that wliich 
pertained to a municipium, a free city or town, it still retains this limit- 
ed sense ; but we have extended it to what belongs to a siate or nation, as 
a distinct, independent body. Municipal law or regulation, respects solely 
the citizens of a state, and is thus distinguished from commercial law, po 
iitival law, and the lau; «/ nations. 

2 s 

WUN 326 MUN 

JMuxi-o, V. 4. to inclose with walls, to fortify : 0.% 
■premuiiiti' on, anticipation of objections. 
'SLVCimunitV or\, or prem?/nite', v. 

*inuniti'on, n. -j-premMrare', or ■premunitVon, n. 

am7n?ini^i'on-bread praE??ir<?iire', n. ■prermi'jiitOTy, a. 
mn'niment, n. 

MaNUS, er-25,7i. 3. a gift qx prezeiit ; an office; apart, 

a portion : as, commu'nicate, to give a skaj'e with, to 
, impart; 7nu'neraYy,r^a\Ar\gto a gift ; munii'izeni, 

making a gift — liberal in giving or bestowing ; im- 

mu'nity, freedom or exemption, privilege. 

com'mon, a. & n. commMnicabirity,ninconimM'nzca^ing, 

com'mo/ily, ad, coxnmu'nicsini, n. mco\x\mu'nicate.A., 

com'mormess, n. con\mn'nicative,a. mcoxmnu'nicat\\e,a 

conVmoner, n. covnjnu'nicatiwe- irTemii'nerahle, a. 

com'mons, n. ness, n. mu'rierary, a. 

com'inonahle, a. comm u' nic at or y, a. munif'icence, n. 

co\\\',n. comniu'nmg,a.Si.n.inuni?'\c&nt, a. 

corn'mowalty, n. commu'nion, n. TO?/nif'icently, ad. 

com'mon-council,n:J:commMVa'ty, n. remu'nerahlQ, a. 

com'/no?t-hall, n. e-s.cammu'mcah\e,a.rtmunerab'\\'\ty, n. 

com'mon-law, n. excomm^/'/ticate, d. remu'nerate, v. 

com'rwon-pleas, n. a. & n. remu'tierated, a. 

com' man --place, a. exco\\imu'nicatedi,aTe)nu'nerating, a. 
n. & V.'nic&tmg, remiinera't'ion, n. 

com?no?iweal', n. e-xcoiwrnunica'tion, xemti'mrative, a. 

com'monwealth, n. ixnmu'uiiy, n. xemu'neratoxy, a. 

commune', v. & n. incoiwmu' nica\>\e,a.\xncom'mon, a. 

commu'nicate, v. incommu'nicably, uncom'monly, ad. 

commu'nicateA, a. iwcommu'nicahlQ- uncom'OTomiess, n. 

coxwmu'nicatmg^a. ness, n. Vincoxnmu'nicateA, 

communica't'ion, n. incommifmcabiHty uncommw'wica^ive, 

co\r\mu'nicah\e, a. 

« Ammunition or Munition, military stores, or provisions for attack oi 
defence. In modern usage, the articles which are used in the discharge of 
fire-arms and ordnance of all kinds ; as powder, balls, bombs, various kinds 
of shot, Sfc. 

f Premunire, in law, the offence of introducing fo'^eign authority into 
England, and the writ which is grounded on the offence ; also the penalty 
Incurred by the offence above described. 

^ Community, properly, commoti possession or enjoyment — af a commw 

MUR 327 MUS 

MuRi-/!,/. 1. salt-water, hrine, ox pickle. 
*mu'riate, n. muriat'ic, a. miiriaiif'evons, a. 

mu'riated, a. 
Murmur, n. 3. a small or low shrill noise. 

fmur'mur, n.&cv. mur'mur'mgly, ad. remur' muring, a. 
tnur'murQr, n. mtcr' mur ons, a. nnmur'mured, a. 

Temur'mur, v. unmur' inuring, a. 

mur'mur'mg,n.&a. Temur^mrired, a. 

MuR-us, m.2. a wall: as, mu'ral, of a wall: as 
mu'7'age, allowance for keeping walls in repair. 

circummz/red', a. immure', v. mu'rage, n. 

conn' term ure, or immu'red, a. mu'ra)., a. 

con'vca.mure,n.&iV. inte^mM'ral, a. 

'^i\js-A,X f. 1. (^6va-x), a muse; a song or poem : as 
muse'less, disregarding the power of poetry, 
ivnmu' s'lc^, a. viuse'ini, a. mu'sicalness, n 

muse, n. & v. niuselsss, a. viusici'an, n. 

\\miise'\xxn, n. ^niu's'ic, n. mu'sic-hook, n. 

mu'ser, n. mu'sica\, a. unmu'sical, a. 

mu'sing, n. & a. rnu'sicaWy, ad. 

MuscuL-us, m. 2. {d mus, muris, m. 3.--/^vg-a mouse), 
a muscle or sinew : as, mus'cular, 0? a muscle, strong. 
intermus'cular, a. mouse, n. mii'rine, a. 

nity of goods. A society of people having common rights &-nd. privileges, 
or common interests, civil, political, or ecclesiastical ; or living under the 
came laws and regulations. This word may signify a commomvealth or 
state, a bodij-politic, or a particular society of men within a state,— as a 
community of monks ; and it is often used for the public or people in ge- 
neral, without very definite limits. 

* Muriate, a salt formed by murjatic acid combined with a base. 

t Murmur, to make a low continued noise — like the hum of bees, a 
stream of water, rolling waves, or like the wind in a forest. To grumble, 
to complain, to utter sullen discontent. 

^ Musa, the muse, the goddessvfho presides over music, poetry, eloquence, 
science, S;c. 

II Museum, originally, a building for the accommodation of a college or 
society of learned men ; a house or apartment appropriated as a repository 
of things that have an immediate relation to the arts ; a cabinet or reposi- 
tory of curiosities. 

§ Music, melody or harmony. — Music is vocal or instrumental : Vocal 
music is the melody of a single voice, or the harmony of two or more voices 
In concert. Instrumental music is that produced by one or more instru- 
ments : the science or art of harmonic sounds. 

MUS 328 MUT 

mus'cle, n. vius'ciddi, a. *rmis'culitej n. 

m7is'culous, a. tnuscuhT'ity^ n. 

MusTEL-A, f. 1. a weasel — mus'tel'me, a. 
MuTAT-i/.Sj p.p. (muto), changed. (See Mzito.) 
MuTiL-i7s^ a. maimed: as^ mu'tilate, to cut off a 

limb, or any essential part^ so as to render the 

thing imperfect. 

mu'tihte, v. & a. mu'tilated, a. mu'tilons, a. 

fnuiila'tion, n. mu'iilaiing, a. unmu'tilated, a. 

tnu'tilatox, n. 

MuT-Oj V. \.to change: as, coramute', to change with, 
or to put one thing in the place of another; mu'- 
ifable, subject to change. 

commute', v. vnmula'tion, n. 

covaniu' tahlz, a. ixitQxmuta'tiox)., n. 

com7«?i^abirity, ?i- intvansmu'tahle, a. pexmuta'tion, n. 

commtita'l'wn, n. mu'tahle, n. tiansmute', v. 

commu'iat'we, a. mu'iahleness, n. transmzt'/er, n. 

coTamu'tativ&\y,ad.muta\i\Yiiy^ n. trans m7//able, a. 

namu' tahlt, a. viuta'iion, n. transwu7ably, ad. 

immutably, ad. -fmu'tiny, n. & v. transww^abil'ity, n. 

immif'/ableness, n. »zw7ineer, n. transm«'/ed, a. 

imwu^abil'ity, n. mii'tmow^, a. transTnw'/ing, a. 

inu'tinow&ly, ad. tia,n?,muta' tion, it. 
immu'iate, a. mu' iinonsne&s, n. 

"hlvT-us, a. dumb : as, obmw^es'cence, loss of speech 
mute, a. n. &. v. mutely, ad. ob7WM/es'cenee, n, 

MvT\j-vs, a. 0716 another', each other : as,, tnutua^S.- 
ti'ouSj borrowed, taken from some other. 

commu'tudX^ a. mu'tu?X\.y, ad. 
intermu'/wal, a. mutUdMity, n. 
mu'tiial, a. 

* Musculite, a pefrified muscle or s?tell- 

f Mutiny, an insurrection of soldiers gy seamen against the aathority or 
t)ieir conunanders j open resisUnce of officers, or opposition to their autho- 
rity . 

MYO 329 NAD 

My-0 (j^voii), to close or shut — *my'o^e, n. *my'o\>y, n. 

Mys_, mj-os {f^vg, f4.vog), a muscle of the body : as, 

myog'raphy, a description of the muscles. 

w?/og'rapby, n. wj^/og'raphist, n. wif/olog'ical, a. 
niyogTaiph.'ica\, a. vii/oVogy, n. myol'ogist, n. 

Myrias_, ad-05 (^fA,v^iUi, «^o$), the number often thousand, 

myr'iad, n. myr'iaxch, n. fmyrioViter, n. 

•\-inyria\n.'QiQr, n. •\'niyr'vaxe, n. 

Myr-ojv (f^v^ov), a liquid perfume — myro-p'olist, n. 

Myst-£s (/^va-rni, a (^uo, to shut, to conccaV), 0716 initiat- 
ed in sacred mysteries; also, hid, secret: as, myste'- 
reous, obscure, hid from the understanding, secret. 

Ij^mys'tagogue, n. myste'riouslyj ad. mys'tical, a. 

myste'riarch, n. myste'rioMsness, n. rnys'ticaMy, ad. 

\\mys'tery, n. mys'terizt, v. mys'tlcism, n. 

myste'rial, a. mys'iic, a. & n. mys'tics, n. 

mysie'rious, a. 

Myth-os (uvdog), a word, a fiction, a fable : as, 
myth'ic, belonging to fables, fabidous. 

myth'ict a« w^^Aog'rapher, n. mytho\Qg'ica\, a. 

mot'to, n. mythoVogy, n. mytho\og'iczi)\y,ad, 

mythog'iajphy, n. mythoVogi^ty n. mythoVogize, v. 


Nadir, (Arab.) the point under foot, directly oppo 
site to the zenith. 

* Mr/epe, a short-sighted person: Mt/opy, s/lo^-^sightedness. 

t Myriameter, Myriare, or Myriohfer, French measures. 

i Mystagogue, one who interprets mysteries; one that keeps church re- 
lics, and shows them to strangers. 

II Mystery, literally, a hiding or shutting ; a profound secret ; something 
wholly unknown, or something kept cautiously concealed, and therefore 
exciting curiosity or ."wonder. In religion, any thing in the character or 
attributes of God, or in the economy of divine providence, which is not re- 
vealed to man. That which is beyond human comprehension, until ex* 
plained, and often conveying the idea of something awfully sublime or im- 
portant. An enigma / a trade or ealling, 

2 E 2 

NAN 330 NAS 

Nankin or A'ankeen, a hind of light cotton, first 
7nanufactured at Nanking, a town in China. 

Narc-e {yu,qKii\)y numbness or torjndness ; torpor or 

stupor : as, narcofic, causing stupor or torpor, 

*nnrcis'sns, n. narcofic, a. & n. narcoi'ical, a. 

■fnarco'sis, n. narcot'icness, n. narcoi'icaWy, ad. 

Nard-c/s, /. 2. {vx^'^oi), spikenard, an odorous or 
aromatic plant — nard, n. nar'd'me, a. 

Narr-o, v.\. to tell, to relate : as, nar'roXe, to tell 
to relate ; nar'ratoYj, giving an account of events. 

nflr'rating, a- narra'tor, n. 

nar'ra.te, v. wfirrVative, a. & n. nar'ratory, a. 

nar'rated, a. nar'ratively, ad. unnar'raied, a. 

narra'iion, n. 

Nasc-oRj v. dep 3. to he born, to spring : as, «a7al, 
pertaining to birth ; rewas'cent, springing or rising 
into being again ; nat'uralist, one who studies wa- 
ture or its history. 

:J:ad?ja'to, n. "fcog'nate, a. & n. connat' ur alness, n. 

\\ad'nate, a. cogna'fion, n. connaturaVity, n. 

ad«as'cent, a. conwa^'cence, n. connat' ur aiize, v. 

^ag'nate, a. & n. con'nate, a. countei-nai'ural, a. 

agnai'ic, a. connat'urai, a. denationalize, v. 

*agna'iion, n. connat' ura^iy, ad. dis7ia';wred, a. 

* Narcissus, in botany, the daffodil, a genus of plants of several species. 
They are of the bulbous-rooted tribe, perennial in root, but with annual 
leaves and flower-stalks. f Narcosis, stupefaction, privation of sense, 

^ Adnata, in anatomy, one of the coats of the eye, lying between the 
sclerotica and conjunctiva ; such parts of animal or vegetable bodies as are 
usual and natural, — as the ftatV, wool, horns; or accidental, as fungus, 
misletoe, and excrescences ; offsets of plants germinating under ground, as 
from the lil^, narcissus, hr/acinth, Sfc. 

II Adnate, in botany, pressing close to the stem, or growing to it 
§ Agnate, n. any male relation by the father's side. Agnate, a. related 
or akin by the father's side. 

* Agnation, relation by the father's side only, or descent in the male line 
—distinct from cognation, which includes descent in the male and female 
lines cf the same father or original. 

t Cognate, n. in Scots law, any male relation, through the mother,— 
Cognate, a. related or allied ^1 W* ^ *'*' the same origin or stock. 




disna^'wralize, r. na'/ionalize, v. 
ill-na'^ure, n. na'tive, a. & n. 

ill-na7ured, a. na'/ively, ad. 
ill-na7uredly, ad. wa'/iveness, n- 
ill-na7urednesSj n. natWiiy, n. 

in'naie, a. 
in'nately, ad. 
in'jiateness, n. 
nas'ceiicy, n. 
nas'cent, a. 
na'ial, a. 
natalili'a.\, or 
naialiti'ous, a- 
na'i'wn, n. 
na'tional, a. 
na'donally, ad. 
na'/ionalness, n. 
nationaVityj n- 

na'ture, n- 
na'turist, n. 
nal'tiral, a. & n. 
nat'icraWyy ad. 
nai^iiralness, n. 
nat'ura[\s,t, it. 
nat'uraXisva, n. 
iiat'uraliz^, v. 
naturalized, a. 
naturaliza'don, n- 
nat'uralizing, a. 
*nai'urals, n. 

■post'nate, a. 
■pTeternat'ura], a. 
■preternat'uraWy, ad* 
lenas'cency, n. 
renas'cQnt, a. 
renas'cible, a, 
subnas'cent, a. 
superntt^'wral, a. 
xmna'tive, a. 
unncr/'wral, a. 
unnaf'ttrally, ad. 
un^za/'wralness, n. 
unna/'wralize, v. 
unwa^'wralized, (f< 

*i\OYinat'ura\s, n. 

Nas-[7s, m. 2.tkenose: as, na' salyhehngrngto the nose. 
na'salj a. & n. ■fnas'cal, n. :{:?ias'jcomouSj a. ||na'sute, a, 

Nat-0, v. 1. (rt no, V. \. to swim, to sail), to swim, 
na'tant, a. na'tatory, a. supewa^a'/ion, n. 

nata'tion, n. superna'/ant, a. 

NATUR-yi_, /. 1. (a natus, born), nature. (SeeNascor.) 
Nat-uSj p.p. {aTidi^coT), born, produced. {^eeNascor.) 
Nause-^j /. 1. {yocvc-iu, ab vocvg, a skip), seasickness, 

loathing, sqiieamishness. 

nau'sea, n. nau'seons, a. nau'seo\x%r\Q%s, n. 

nau'seate, v. nau'seo'asly, ad. 

'NAVT-A,m. 1. (« navis, a skip), a sailor or marine^ 
nau'tic, a. nau' ticai, a. *nau'tilus^ n. 

* Non-naturals, in medicine, things which, by the abuse of them, be- 
come the causes of disease, — as meat, drink, sleep, rest, motion, the pas- 
sions, retentions, excretions, Sfc. — opposed to naturals, whatsoever belongs 
naturally to an animal. But natural, an idiot ; one born without the usual 
|X)wers of reason or understanding : This is probably elliptical, for natu- 
ral fool. 

t Nascal, a kind of medicated pessary ; a pessary made of wool or cotton, 
to raise the nose when compressed. i. Nasicornous, having a horr 

growing on the no%e. || Nasute, critical, nice, captious. 

* Nautilutt a shell-fbh furnished with arms analogous to oars and a sail 

NAV 332 NEC 

Nav-/s, /. 3. (i-^v?), a ship : as, 7iav'\gate, to pass 

on water in shijjs, to sail; na'vy, a fleet of skips 

— commonly of war. 

circumncfu'igate, f. naiis'copy, n. nau'igated, a. 

circumnayiga'tion, na'va\, a. nav'igat'mg, a. 

circumnav'iga.tOT,'vy, n. nauiga'tion, n. 

circum?iay'igable,a.^Ifta'yarch, n. Tiow'igator, n. 

innau'igable, a. ||«au'archy, n. renau'igate, v. 

*nau'frage, n. nayic'ular, a. re/iau'igated, a. 

nati'fragouSj a. ?irtu'igable, «. renou'igating, a. 

•fnaul'&gQ, n. n«u'igableness, rt. unnau'igable, a. 

nau'raachy, n. nau'igate, v. unn^au'igated, a. 

Nazareth (Heb. separated, sanctified), a village in 
Galilee : as, Naz'arit'ism, doctrines of the Nazarites. 
Naz'areth, n. ^Naz'aritQ, 71. N'az'aritism, n. 

^N'az'arQ.m, n. 

Ne, adv. not : as,«efand'ous, not to be spoken or named. 

necessa'rian, n. neces'sity, n. wefa'rious, a. 

nec'essary, a. & n. we'science, 71. wefa'riously, ad. 

neces'sitate, v. /tefand'ous, a. none, a. 
neces'sitous, a. 

Nebul-^, /. 1. (n(po-,), a mist ox fog, a doud. 
*neb'ula, or neb'ulous, a. nebulos'ity, n. 

neb'ule, n. 

Necesse, a. (a nQ,not,Sic,Q^%Q, to give up), what never 
yields, needful, necessary, what must be : as, ne- 
ces'sitaXe, to make necessary or indispensable. 

eqainec'essary, a. nec'essary, a. & n. nec'essaxWy^ ad. 
necessaftiaxi, n. nec'essaxi^s, n. nee' essaxine^^, n. 

* Nau/rage, shipvfreck. j Naulage, freight of passengers ia a ship. 
% Navarch, in ancient Greece, the commander oi a. fleet. g 
R Navarch;/, knowledge of managing ships. 

S Nazarene, an inhabitant of Nazareth ; one of the early converts to 
Christianity, — in contempt. Acts xxiv. 5. But Nazarite, a Jew who pro- 
fessed extraordinary purity of life and devotion. See Numb. vi. Judg. 
xvi. 17. Luke i. 15. 

* Nebula or Nebule, a dark spot, a film in the eye, or a slight opacity of 
the cornea. In astronomy, a cluster of fixed stars, not distinguishable Uom 
each other, or scarcely visible to the naked eye, and exhibiting a Aim hazy 
light, appearing like dushy specks or clouds through the telescope. 




neces sHy, n. 
necessita'nan, n. 
yieces'sitaiQ^ v. 
necessii&'iion, n. 
neces' sitated, a. 

neccs'sitat'mg, a. 

neces'sitous, a. uunec'essary, a. 

neces' sitously, ad. unnec'essaxi\y, ad. 

7iere*'5itousness, n. unnec'essariness, n. 

Necr-os {viy,^oi), a dead body : aSj necrumm\'\AZ, per 
taining to necromancy ; necro'sh, disease of the bones 

neci'oVogy, n. wecVomancer, n. «ec'roman'tically,a<i 

necrolog'icaX, a. necroxxian'tic, a. *nec'romie, n. 

necroVogiat, n. necroman'tical, a. nccro^:>h, n. 
iiec/roxaancy, n. 

Nectar, n. 3. {nKxa,^), the drink of the gods: as, 
nectarii'o.YOVi's,, producing nectar, or very sieeet drink. 

nec'iar, n, necta'reons, a. nectariferous, a. 

?iec'tared, a. nec'tarme, a. Sin. nec'/arize, v. 

necta'Aal, a. nec'tarous, a. •fnec'iaiy, n. 
tiecta'rean, a. 

Nect-Oj v. 3. to tie or bind, to knit : as, B,nnex\ to tie 
or bind to ; connec'thn, the act of binding together. 

Zinnex', v. connec'tiwe, a. Sen. discon?icc7ing, a. 

annex'edi^ a, con?zec'/ively, ad. incoii7tec'/ed, a. 

zxinex'ing, a. coxmec'tion, or 

connex'ion, n, inconnec't'ion, n. 

&nnexa't'ion, n. conncx', v. reaunex', v. 

annex'ment, n, conn«?a''ive, a. xeannexa't\on, n. 

connect', v. Hiisconnect' , v. reannexed', a. 

connec'ted, a. disconnec'ted, a. reawiex'ing, a. 

connec'ting, a. disconnec'^ion, n. uncoiir/ec7ed, a. 

Nefari-us, a. wicked, impious. 

iiefa'rioM?., a. nefa'rio\x^\y, ad, 

Neg/ot Nec, conj. neither, nor; not. 

7ie^\ect', V. Si. n. neyXec'trng, a. neglec'ter, n. 

neg\ec'te.d, a. neg\ec'img\y, ad. negltcVful, a. 

* Neaonite, fetid feldspar ; a mineral which, when struck or pounded, 
exhales a fetid odour, like that of putrid flesh. 

t Kectari/, in botany, the we// (/eroM* part of a vegetable— peculiar to a 

NEO 334 NER 

neglect 'fully, ad. tiegl'igent, a. ne^o'tiate, v. 

negligently, ad. ne^otia'tion, n. 
n^^o'tiatoT, n. 
negligence, n. 

Neg-o, v. 3. to deny, to refuse : as, ne^'ative, deny^ 
ing, — opposed to affirmative, — also to positive. 

ab'n^^ate, v. deni'al, n. 

ah'negatOT, n. deni'able, a. *ren'egade, or 

ahneffa'iiou, n. nag, ad. & n. *ienega'do, n. 

nega'tion, n. 

neg'ative^a.n.SiV. undem'able, a. 
d.eng\ v. neg'aiiyely, ad. vindeni''ably, ad. 

deni'er, n. 

Negoti-um, n. 2. (nec, not, & otium, ease), a busi^ 
ness ; any matter or thing : as, neyo'tiate, to trans- 
act business. 

nego'ticihle, a. nego'tiate, v. negotia'i'ion, n. 

negotiah'iViiy, n. nego'iiated, a. nego'tiator, n. 

nego'tiat'vag, a. unnego'tiated, a. 

Nemus, ov-is, n. 3. (n'Mog), a grove or wood. 
"^nern'oVite, n. nern'orsd, a. nem'orous, a. 

Ne-os (nog), new: as, A^(?aporitan, an inhabitant 
of the new city, or iV^aples ; neoteric, new, modern. 
iVeap'olis, or neoVogi&t, n. Jneono'mian, n. 

JVa'ples, n. \\ne'oTphytQ, n. &. a. 

iV^eaporitan,a.&n. rt^olog'ical, a. neoter'ic, a. Slji. 

neog'amist, n. neolo'gian, n. neoier'ical, a. 

neoVogy, n. n^ol'ogism, n. 

NERV-t/S^w. 2. (vfy^o>), « sinew ox tendon. (See Neuron.) 

* Renegade or Renegado, one who denies the faith, an apostate from the 
faith ; one who deserts to an enemy, a deserter ; a vagabond. 

t Nemolite, an arborized stone. 4^ Neonomian, one who advocates 

new laws, or desires God's law to be altered. — Scott. 

B Neophyte, a new convert or proselyte, — a name given by the early 
Christians to such heathens as had recently embraced the Christian faiih, 
and were considered as regenerated by baptism ; a novice, a tyro. 




neiiro^ tera, n. 
neuro-p' tcraly a. 
■fneu'rosTpast, n. 
"^neurot'ic, a. «&, n. 
\\neuroi'ovay^ n. 
iieurot' oxm%t., n. 
wewrotom'ical, a. 
unjierve', v. 

unnerv'ed, a. 

Nes-os {vYto-oi), an island: as^ Peloponwe'sus, the 
island of Pelops, — the ancient name of the Morea. 
Cher'sone*^, n. Peloponwe'«Ms, n. Polyne'*ia, n. 

Neur-on (viv^ov), a nerve, a sinew : as^ Gn'ervdXe, to 
take out the nerve or strength, {to weaken^ ; apo- 
oieuro'sh, expansion of a tendon or nerve into a 

aponeuro'sis, or nerv'ous, a, 
aponew'rosy, n, nerv'ously, ad. 
tnerve', v. weru'ousness, n. 

e7i'erva,te,v.&.a. nerve'less., a. 
eji'ervaled, a. nerv'y, a. 

en'ervatmg, a, n^ru'cse, a. 
enerva'tiou, n. neurol'ogy, n. 
nerve, n. & v. rLeuroVogi&t, n. 

ner'ved, a. 7iewrolog'ical, a. 

iierv'ine, a. & n. *7tewrop'ter, or 

Neuter^ a. neither the one nor the other ; neither of 
the two : as, neu'traWze, to make neutral, 
neu'ter, a. 8l n. neutral'ity, n. neu'traWzed, a. 

neu'lral, a. & n. neu'traWzt, v. wew'/ralizing,a.&n. 

neu'traWy, ad. neu'tralizer, n. unneu'tral, a, 
neutralizsk'tiony n. 

Nex, nec-is, f. 3. death, destruction. 

pernici'ous, a. pernici'ously, ad. perneci'ousness, n. 

N EX-US, p.p. (« necto);, tied, bound. (See Necto.) 
Nic-E {yix-n^, victory : 2iB,,QY^ni'c\on,Q, song ol triumph, 
§arse'?iic, n. arse/i'icate, v. arsen'i(>us, a. 

arsen.'icalj a. arsew'icated, a. epi?ii'cion, n. 

*Neuropter or Neuropfera. The Nettropters are an order of insects hav- 
ing four membranous, transparent, and naked wings, reticulated with veins. 

t Neurospast, a puppet, a little J?eM/-e put in motion by d>-at<;iM^ strings. 

% Neurotic, useful in disorders of the nerves. \\ Iseurotom]/, the dis- 

section of a nerve ; the art or practice of dissecting the nerves, 

§ Arsenic, as it is usually seen in the shopn, is not a metal, but an oxyd, 
from which the metal may be easily obtained by mixing it with half its 
weight of black flux, and introducmg the mixture into a Florence flask, 
gradually raised to a red heat in a sand bath. Arsenic is of a steel-blue 
colour, quite brittle, and the metal with ail its comjxjunds, is a virulent 
poisun, vulgarly called rats-bane. It forms alloys with most of the metals 

NIC 330' NIT 

Nica'nor, n. A''ic'olas, n. JVicop'olis, n. 

iVicode'mus, n. iVicola'itan, n. T hessalorti 'ca, n. 

NicoT;, the name of the man who first introduced 

tobacco into France, a. d. 1560; hence tobacco. 
*nico'iian, n. &l a. *nic'ofin, n. 

•NiCT-Oj V. 1. to wink, to twinkle: as, nic'tsXe, to wink, 
nic'iate, v. nicia'tiou, n. nictita'ling, a. 

NiDORj 771. 3. the smell of any thing roasted or burnt; 
any fat or strong smell, 
ni'dor, n. ni'dorous, a. nidoros'ity, n. 

NiD-c7Sj m. 2. a nest: as_, nid'ul'dnt, nestling, 
nid'ificate, v. nid'uhut, a. 

ni'dus, n. nidi^\.ca'tion, n. rddula'tion, n. 

Niger,, gra, gi"ura, a. black, dusky : as, diQn'igrQXQ, to 
make black ; nigrea'cent, growing black, 
den'igrate, v. ne'gro, n. •\nig'r'm, or 

Acnigra'tion^ n. ne'gress, n. nig'rim, n. 

Ni'ger, n. nt_^res'cent, a. 

Nihil, n. ind. nothing : as, nihil'ity, state of being nothing. 
annVhilate,v.&a. anni'hilahley a. nihil'ity, n. 
aunihila'tion, n. 

NiT-OR, V. dep. 3. to strive or struggle. 

len'itence, n. ren'i/ency, n. ren'itent, a. 

NiTR-UM, n. 2. nitre or saltpetre : as, ni'ti-'ic, belong- 
ing to nitre ; ni'triiy, to make into nitre ; ni'tro- 
muriatic, partaking of nitre and muria or salt-water. 
ni'tre, of* ni'trate, n. t^ni'tnie, n. 

ni'ter, n. m'/rated, a. ||/i?7rog'enous, a. 

ni'try, a. ni'tric, a. §rtj7ro-leucic, a. 

ni'trous, a. ni'irify, v. *nilrom'eter, n, 

ni'trogen, n. & a. /ii/ritica'tion, n. »ii7ro-muiiatic, a. 

* Nicotian, tobacco; also pertaining to it. Nimtin, the peculiar prin- 
ciple in the leaves of tobacco ; a colourless substance of an acrid taste. 
+ yigrin, an ore of titanium, found in black grains or rolled pieces. 
\^Nitrite, a salt formed by the combination of the nitrous acid with a base. 
II Nitrogenous, pertaining to nitrogen: producing nitre. 
§ Nifro-leucic, designating an acid obtained from leucine acted on by nitre. 
^- Nitrometer, an instrument for ascertaining ;he quality or value ot'fiitre. 

NID 337 NOM 

NiT-L's (comP- form of notus), known. (See Nosco.) 
Niv-Eo, V. 2. to wink : as_, connive', to wink; to dose 
the eyes upon a fault or other act, to forbear to see. 

con7it«e', V. conn?''uence, n. con/iruent, a. 

connt'uer, n. conwi'yency, n. 

Nix, mv-/Sj /. 3. snow — m'v^ous, a. 

NoTiii.-is,a.[anosco),wellknown.)0/high birth. (SeeN'osco.) 

Noc-Eo, V. 2. to hurt: as, m'nocent, not hurting, kart7i~ 

less, free horn guilt ; nox'iouS) hurtful, baneful; 

n?/isance, that which annoys or incommodes. 

in'«ocence, n. in/ioj^'iously, ad. noj?'Jousness, w. 

in'nocency, n. iri/>o,2:''?ousness, n. ww'j'^ance, or 

in'7iocent, a. & n. wo't'cint, a. nu'sance, 71. 

in'/jocently, arf. no'cive, o. *ob7ioa?'ious, a. 

in7ioc'7<ous, a. noc'uows, a. obnoa;''jously, ad. 

iriTjoc'wously, ad. nox'iou^, a. obno.z''iousness, 7i. 

in«oc'wousness, n. 710^'iously, ad. unohjwx'ious 

NoD-[7S3 m. 2. a knot: as, nod'u\e, a httle knot or lump. 

jjo'c/ated, a. r/oVous, a. norf'ule, ti. 

worfose', a, nod'vilax, a. 

node n, nodos'ity, n. noc/'uled, a. 

Nomas, nomad-05 {vof^ag, yof^u^og, a viuo), to feed), 

living on pasturage, 
■ftio'mad, n, no'madize, v. vx>'madiz'mg, a. 

nomad'ic, a. 

NoMEN, m-is, n. 3. {a. nosco), a name : as, denom'- 
«wate, to name, to give name or epithet to ; ig'nomi- 
ny, against 72a7ne and reputation, public disgrace, 
agnomina' iion, n. hmo'miaX, a. 

* Obnoxious, subject, liable, reprehensible, odious. 

t Nomad, one who leads a wandering life, and subsists by tending herds 
of cattle which graze on herbage of spontaneous growth. Such is the prac- 
tice at this day in the central and northern parts of Asia, and the Niimi- 
Uiansin Africa are supiwsed to have been so called from this practice. 

2 F 




nom'tmte, v. 
nom'inated, a. 
nom'inating, a. 
nomina't'wn, n. 
nom inatiye, a.&n. 
nom'inatOT, n. 
nominee', n. 
noun, n. 
'pienom'insLte,v.&. a. 

hinom'inons, a. name'sa.'ke, n. 
•cognom'i«al, a. na'nnng, a. 

cognomina7ion, n. va'meA., a. 

dertom'mate, v. nomeless, a. 

Aenomina' tiouy n. iiame'ly, ad. 

denom'inai'ive, a. na'mer, n. 

denom'inatoT, n, -^-now^/zcla'tor, n. 

ig'nominy, n. wom^ncla'tress, n 

ignomire'jous, a. wo'me/iclature, n. 

xgnomin'iowAy, ad. nomgncla'tural, a. Tpxenomina' tion, n 

'mnom'ina\i\e, a. Jno'mial, «. pronom'fnal, a. 

innom'inate, a. nom'indX, a. & n. -pro^noun, n. 

mxxltbio'tnial, or nom'ina\]y, ad. quadrino'mial, a. 

raultinom'inal, a. nom'inalist, n. ix'ino'mizX, a. & n. 

name, n. & v. ixinom'inaX, a. 

NoM-os {yof4,oq), a law ; a management : as, anti- 

no'm{w\, one who is against law under the gospel 

dispensation ; w^'omy, a violation of law. 

§auto/i'omy,. n. eco??o7ra'ic, a. 

antir/o'wian, «. &a. auto/i'omous, a. ecoHom'ical, a. 

antino'7«ianism,«. *demow'omy, n. 

an'tiwowist, n. demort'omist, n. 

jl an'tiHomy, n. 'DewX.eron' omy , n. 

astro«'omy, n. •\dy%'nomy, n. 

astron'omer, n. :}:eco«'omy, n. 

•dstronom'ical, a. econom'ics, n. 

eco'/ omise, v. 
econ'omisi, «• 

fl/zomothet'Ic, a. 

»/o?nothet'ical, a. 
§2>hoto/^om'ics, n. 

* Oignominal, pertaining to a surnnme ; having the same name. 

t Nomenclator , (calo, Lat. xaXico, Gr. to call), one who calls thinps or 
persons by their names. In Rome, candidates for office were attended each 
by a nomenclator, who informed the candidate of the names of the persons 
they met, and whose votes they wished to solicit. In modern usage, a 
person who gives names to things, or who settles and adjusts the names of 
things in any art or science. Nomenclature, the list or catalogue of words, 
a dictionary ; the names of things in any art or science, or the whole vo- 
cabulary of names ; as the nomenclature of botany or of chemistry. 

X Nomial, a single name or term in mathematics. 

II Antinomy, a contradiction between two laws, or between two parts of 
the same law. § Autonomy, the power or right of self-government, 

whether in a city which elects its own magistrates, and makes its own laws, 
or in an individual who lives according to his own will. 

* Demonomy, the dominion of demons or of evil spirits. 

t Dysnjomy, ill-ordering of laws ; or the enacting bad law. 
J. Economy, the proper management or regulation of domestic or other 
affairs. || Nomothetic, enacting laws, legislative. 

§ Photonomica, the science or laws of light. 

NON 339 NOX 

NoN, adv. not: as, non'age, not age — under 21, mL 

nority ; Tiow-conta'gious, tzo? contagious ; wowsense, 

no sense ; non^oxQiY, no equal. 

noliti'oiij n. no/ielec'tric, ». &a. 7?owproficient, n. 

wonadmit'tancCjn. norzemphat'ic, «. «o«res'idence, «. 

noJi'age, n. nonen'tity,n. vonTes'iAent,n.8ca. 

«o.»2appea'rance, n. wonepis^copal, a. wonresis'tance, n. 

no'/appoint'ment,'tence, n. «o?<resis'tant, a. 

nonatten'dance, «. no«interfe'rencej n. tion'sense, n. 

noncompli'ance, n. Jiowju'ring, a. nousen'sical, a. 

wortconduc'ting, a. ?io«ju'ror, n. woKsen'sically, ad. 

nonconduc'tor, n. 7/owmetal'lic, a. wonsen'sicalness, «. 

nonconform'ing,a. -|-//o«nat'urals, n. «o«sen'sitive, a. 

wo7iconform'ist, «. :}:«o"pareil', n.Sia. «o«solu'tion, n. 

«07*conform'ity, «. fionpay'ment, n. r/or/ sol 'vent, n. 

«offconta'gious, a. non'^\n%^ n. & v. «o«sol'vency, n. 
•«o?zdescript', j?.&a. 7ionproduc'tion,7i. «onspa'ring, a. 

7?o'/elect'', H. nonprofes'sional, a. ||ro«'suit, n. & v. 

l^oy(-vs,a.{conix.iornovemus,anov€m),niuth. (^SeeN'ovem.) 
No-os (»oo?), the mind or understanding — noet'ic, a. 
Nox, noct-is, f. 3. night : as, e'(\\x\nox, equal day and 

night; ?2oc^/d'ian, of a night and day; ?zoc/am'bu- 

list, one who rises from bed and walks m his sleep. 
§e'quino<r, n. noc/am'bulist, n. nocfiv'agant, a. 

equinoc7ial, a. Sen. Tioc/ivaga'tion, n. 

equirtoc^Jally, ad. noclid'lal, a. -fnoc'tuary, n. 

night, n. noctid'ian, a. J«oc7ule, «. 

nighi'iah, a. \\noc'ltirn, v. 

nightly, a. & ad. *noctiV\xca, n. noctur'nal, a. & n. 

Tioc^ambula'tion, n. /ioc/iVucous, a. ^crnocta'tion, n. 

* Nondesct-ipt, any thing that has not been described. Thus, a plant or 
enlmal newly discovered is called a nondescript. 

t Nonnaturals, see foot-note, p. 331. 

% Nonpareil, excellence unequalled ; a sort of apple; a sort of printing 
type, very small, and the smallest now used except three. 

t Nonsuit, in law, the default, neglect, or non-appearance of the plain- 
tiff in a suit, when called in court, by which the plaintiff signifies his in- 
tention to drop the suit. Hence a nonsuit amounts to a stoppage of the suit. 

§ Equinox, see foot-note, p. 180. 

* Noctiluca, a species of phosphorus, which shines in darkness, without 
the previous aid of solar rays. + NorA\iary, an account of what passes 
In the night. :(: Nodule, a large species of hat. || Nocturn, an 
office of devotion, or religious service by night. 




NoRM-^^ f. \. a rule or square: as, nor'm?^, of a nile, 
e?JO?''ffJOusly, ad. enor'mity, n. 
enor'r?jous, a. e«o7-'?«ousness, n. tior'nial, a. 

Norway, a country in the no7'th of Europe, 

'N'or'man, n. & a. JVorwe'gian, n. Set 

Nos-os (voa-og), a cllsease : as, ?zo5opoet'ic, producing 


nosoVogy, n. «05olog'ical, a. rwsojpoet'ic, a. 

nosoVogist, n. 

Nosc-0, V. 3. to know : as, noto'7'ioiis, publicly known, 
(in a bad sense) ; nobil' itaXe., to make 7ioble or great ; 
connoisseur', a person well versed in any subject ; 
ac^noz£?redge, to own, to con/ess, to admit. 

acknowVuAge, v. foreJinow'ahle, a. no'bly, ad. 
acknowVedger, n. foreknow'er, n. no'bleness, n. 
acknoivVedging, a. foTeknow'ing, a. nobil'ity, «. 
acknowl'edgment,n£oreknowyedge,n. no'bleman, n. 

cognitVon, n. 
cog'iiitiye, a. 
coginzoe', n. 

cogn'j^able, a. 
cogu'izaxice, n. 
cognos'cence, n. 
cog^o^'cible, a. 
coguos'citive, a. 
connoisseur', n. 
foreknow', v. 

igno'ble, a. 
igno'bly, ad. 
igno'bleness, n. 
incogniio, ad. 
know, V. 
know'ahle, a. 
know'er, n. 
know'ing, a. &. n. 
know'ingly, ad. 
knowl'edge, u. 
nobil'iiaic, v. 
nobilita'tion, n. 
no'ble, a. & n. 

noblesse', n. 
pw'ta-hene, or 
note, n. & v. 
no'ticed, a. 
no'ticmg, a. 
no'tice, n. Si. v. 
fto'tice-dhle, a. 
vo'tify, V. 
no'litied, a. 
no^jfica'tiorij n. 
notifying, a. & n. 

* Norman, at first, a Norwegian ; then a native of Normandy. " Their 
habitation was in Norway, so called from the northern situation thereof; 
and themselves Northmen, now vulgarly Normans, upon like reason." — 
Verstegan. " The Normans had been a late colony from Norway and 
Denmark, where the Scalds had arrived to the highest pitch of credit be- 
fore RoUo's expedition into France." — Bp. Percy. Norway was in 1815 
united to Sweden. 

f Cognizor, one who acknowledges the right of the plaintiff or cogni::es 
in a fine ; otherwise called the defendant or deforciant. 

% Nota-bene, note well, take notice. 




no'^ion, n. preno'^ion, n. reconnoit'er, v. 

«o7ional, a. :{:protho«'o.^ary, «. recon«oi/'ered, a. 

no'tionaMy, ad. prothow'o^ariship, n.reconwot^'ering, a. 
Tecogn'izahle, a. unacA:»owFeclged,a. 

no'/ionist, n. 
"rto^o'rious, a. 

wo/o'riously, ad. 

notoriousness, n. 

notoriety, n. 

prsecog'«t7a, or 
■f-precog'ni/a, n. 

precognj7i'on, n. 

recog« ijrance, w. 
rec'ogniae, v. 
rec'og»t^ed, a. 
rec'ogni^fing, a. 
recognizee^, n. 
recogytizor', n. 
xecogniti'on, n. 
||reconMoi'^e, or 

NoT-A, f. 1. (a nosco), a mark : as, denote', to mark^ 
to show; no'tcihAQ, that maybe marked, or worthy 
of notice ; an'wo^ate, to make remarks on a writer. 

\xaknow', v. 
\mknow'a\Ae, a. 
nnknow'hig, a. 
unknow'ingly, ad. 
unknown', a. 
xxnno'ble, a. 

an'7/o^ate, v. 
annota'iion, n. 

aiVnotator, n. 
connote', v. 

connnta'iion, n. 

Aeno'tahXe, a. 
deno'tat'ive, a. 
de7io/e'ment, n. 
no'tahXe, a. & n. 
no'tah\y, ad. 
wo'/ablenessj n, 
§»o7ary, n. 
iiota'rial, a, 
nota'iion, n. 
note, v.. & V 

note'-hook, n, 
no'ted, a. 
no'tedly, ad. 
7?o7edness, «. 
noteless, a. 
no'ter, n. 
>/o/e'worthy, a, 
nwio'ted, a. 
xxnno'ticed. a. 

denota'tion, n. 

"KoT-us, p.p. (a nosco), known. (See Nosco.) 
Not -us, m. 2. the south wind — no'tus, n. 

* Notorious, Tp^hUdy known, — usually ^«ou;w to disadvantage; hence 
almost used in an ill sense ; as, a notorious thief, a notorious crime or vice. 

t Precognita, things previously knotvn in order to understand something 
else. I Piothonotary, originally, the chief notary or head regisfer. 

In England, an officer in the Court of King's Bench and Common Pleas. 
In the King's Bench, he records all civil actions. In the Common-Pleas, 
the prothonotaries, of which there are three, enter and enrol all declarations, 
pleadings, judgments, inc. make out judicial writs and exemplifications of 
records, &c. 

II Reconnoitre or reconnoiter.iovievi ; to survey; <oejra»niMeby theeye; 
particularly in military affairs, to examine the state of an enemy's army 
or camp, or the ground for military operations. 

§ Notary, primarily, a person employed to take notes of contracts, trials, 
and proceedings in courts among the Romans. In modern usage, an officer 
authorized to attest contracts or writings of any kind, to give them the 
evidence of authenticity. This officer is often styled notary-public. 

2 F 2 




NovEM, a nine: as, wot'en'nial, of the ninth year; 
7io7u\'\\o\\, the number nine milHon miUions. 
wo^/agon, M. -j-wonages'imal, a. TJouen'nial, a. 

*no'nes, 11. nov'cnary, a. & n. Ij^o'vemher, «. 

no?/iriion, «. 

NovEuc-yij /. 1. a step-7nother — nover'cdX, a. 
Nov-us, a. neio : as, m'nGV2Lie, to introduce novelties, 
to make changes in any thing estabhshed ; renew' , 
to make again ; ?2e2£?fan'gled, new made, 
in'rtorate, v. 7/eji>mod'elled, a. 

in'wouated, a. 7.eicmod'ellingj a. 

in'wowating, a. vews^ n. 

iiews'-mongeT, n. 
news' -^a.i^er, n. 

mnova'tion, n. 
in'novator, n. 
new, a. 
vetv'ly, ad. 
vew'ness, n. 
new'hh, a. 
newiaxi' g\eA, a. 
»/ee^>fan'glednesSj n. 

7/0 u 'el, a. Si n. 
nov'elist, n. 

renew', v. 
ienew'ah]e, a, 
renew'al, n. 
reriew'ed, a. 
re«et^'edness, »/. 
xencw'er, n. 
xQtiew'mg, a. 
xen'ov&ie., v. 
re^'owated, a. 
ren'ovating, a. 
leitova'tion, n. 
unrewew'ed, a. 

wou'elty, n. 

Il'/ou'ice, n. 
7/^wmod'el, v. §'/oui/i'ate, n. 

Noxi-j, /. 1. (a noceo), a fault, a hurt. {See Noceo.) 

NuB-ES./. 3. a cloud: as.nubif'eY&us^hrmgmgclouds. 

dhnu'bilate, v. 
"eun'bilous, a. 7ni'bilous, a. dhnubila'tlon, n. 

II nb if 'exous, a. 

* Nones, in the Roman calendar, the fifth day of the months January 
February, April, June, August, September, November, and December' 
and the seventh day of March^ May, July, and October. The nones were 
nine days from the ides. Prayers, formerly so called. 

+ Nonagesimal, the ninetieth. 

^ November, the ninth month, according to the ancient Roman year, be- 
ginning in March ; now the eleventh month of the year. 

H Novice, one who is netv in any business or thing, a beginner. 
§ Novitiate, the state or time of learning rudiments. 

• Enubilous, clear ftom/og, 7n!st, or ciinds 


NuB-Oj V. 3. to cover or veil ; to marry: as, nup'tidX^y 
marriage ; con?m'52al, pertaining to marriage. 
connM'ieal, a. WM'iile, a. nup'iial, a. nup'tials, ». 

NuD-us, a. naked, bare : as, denude', to make bai'e 
or naked, to strip ; nu'ditj, a being nude or naked. 

denude', or denu'ding, a. nuda'tion, n. 

dQnu', v. denuda'tion, v. nu'dity, n. 

donu'ded, a. nude, a. 

N u g-jE, f. }. trijies, toys : as, nu'gatox^, trijVmg^fttt'^'Q. 

nugac'ity, n. nuga'tion, n. nu'gatoxy^ a. 

NuLL-us, a. none, no, no one: 2.s,nid'li{^, to make 

void, or render invalid ; ?2w///fid'ian, oi no faith. 

* annul', V. disannw/7ed, a. s 
annuVled, a. disannw/'/er, n. 
ar]nurrmg,a. Sen. disannul'ling,nSia. md'HRed, a. 
annul'xnent, n. disan?iwrment, n. md'lify, v. 

*disannM/', v. null^ a. nul'lity, n. 

NuMER-L7S, m.2. a numher : as, myiu'mera\AQ, that 
cannot be yiumhered; enu'merate, to number out, to 
count or tell ; supeYnu'77ieraxy, one above number. 

annu'merate, v. innu'merdhly, ad. nu'merable, a. 

annumera'iiox), n. innu'merahleness, nu'meral, a. Si n. 

comiumera'tioxi, n. innumerahiVity, n. mi'mer&Uy, ad, 

enu'merate, v. innu'merous, a. jui'merary, a. 

emc'meraied, a. num'her, v. & n. nu'merate, v. 

enu'merating, a. num'bered, a. numera'tion, n. 

enumera't'ion, n. ,num'ber&r, n. nu'meratox, n. 

enu'meraiive, a. num'ber'mg, a. numer'ic, a. 

7ium'ber\es,s, a. numer'ical, a. 

mnu'merdhle, a. t^Num'bers, n. numer'icaWy, ad. 

* Annul and disannul, to make void, to abrogate, to abolish, to deprive 
of authority or force, —used appropriately of laws, decrees, edicts, decisions 
of courts, or other established rules, permanent usages, and the like, which 
are made void by competent authority. See foot-note, p. 20. 

i Numbers, the fourth book of Moses, so called because it contains the 
manbering of tlie hraeUtes by Moses. 

NUM 344 NUN 

nu'meronsly, ad. supemu'meraTy, a. 
mc'merousness, n. & n. 
nu'mero\xs, a. outnum'ber, v. unnum'bered, a. 

NuMM-LTS or NuM-LTS^ m. 2. (vov^^o?), a piece of 
money, a coin : as, numismat'\z%, the science of 
coins and medals. 

numismat'icSy n. numismatoVogist, num'mBXy, or 
numismat'ic^ a. *num'millitey n. num'mulaXy a. 
numismaioV ogy^ n. 

Nuncio, v. 1. (« nuncius, m. 2. a messenger', news), 
to bring news, to tell, to declare, to name or call : 
as, announce', to tell to, to publish or proclaim : 
enun'ciaie, to tell out, to declare, 
announce', v. enun'ciated^ a. "pronounce', v, 

announ'ced, a. enuncia'don, n. pronounce'ahle, a. 
axinouu'cer, n. enun'ciatmg, a. pxonoun'ced, a. 

annoMw'cing, a. enun'ciativej a. pronoun'cer, n. 
anno«nce'ment, n. enun'ciatively, ad. pronoiin'cing, a. 
annun'oiate, v. enun'ciatory, a. pTonuncia't\ on, n. 
anmi7icia'tion, n. inter nun' cio, n. ipronun'ciatiye, a. 
denounce', v. mispronounce', v. renounce'^ v. 

denoun'ced, a. -fnun'cio, n, re7ioun'ced., a. 

denoun'cer, n. nun'ciatwxe., n. renoun'cer, n. 

denoun'cing, a. ijlnwra'cwjoate, v. renounce'ment, n. 
denounce'ment,n. nuncupa'tion, n. renoun'cing, n.&a. 
denun'ciate, v. renuncia'lion, n. 

denuncia'tion, n. nuncu'patory, a. unpronoun'ced, a. 
denun'ciator, n. 
enun'ciate, v. 

NuNDiN-^, /. 1. (a nono die, ninth day), a market 
kept at Rome every ninth day ; a market or fair. 

nun'dina], a. & n. 

* NummUlite, fossil remains of a chambered shell of a flattened form, 
formerly mistaken for money. 

\ Nuncio, an ambassador from the Pope to some catholic prince or state, 
or who attends some congress or assembly as the Pope's representative ; a 
messenger, one who brings intelligence. Nunciature, the office of a nuncio. 

t Nuncupate, to declare publicly and solemnly. Nuncupation, a nam- 
ing. Nuncupative or Nuncupatory, nominaX, existing only in name ; pub- 
licly or solemnly declaratory ; verbal, not written. 




Nu-Oj V. 3. to nod: as, m'nuent, noddmg,sig7iiJicant 
"innuen'^o, or iiiuen'^o^ n. in'wMent, a. 

NuPT-i/s, p.p. {d nubo), married. (See Nubo.) 
NuTRi-Oj V. 4. to nourish, to suckle : as, ?iu'trient, 
nour'ish'mg ; nu'trinient, the thing that nourishes, 

mnutritVon, n. nurse, n. & v. 

mnutriti' ows, a. nurs'e.^, a. nu'trixnexxty n. 

nour'i%\\, v. nur'ser, n. ««/ninen'tal, a. 

nour'ishahle, a. nur'sery, n. nutrili'on, n. 

woMr'ishedj a. nurs'ing^ a. ruitriii'ous, a. 

noMr'isher, n. nursling, n. nu'lritive, a. 

nour'ishing, a. 8c Jc. nur'iure, n. & v. 

nowr'ishment, n. nu'tricni, a. &. n. uniinr'tured, a. 

"NuXyTiuc-iSy f.'3. anut: as^Tzz-'c/ferouSj bearing «w^5. 

nvc\i'cxQ\x&, a. enu'cleate, v. bnu'cleat'mg, a. 

'fnu'cleus, », eyin'cleated, a. enuclea'iion, n. 

Nymph-^j/. 1. {vv(a.(Py{), a goddess qfihe woods, moun^ 
taiiis, meadows, Sz waters ; and in poetry,, a lady, 
Xnymph, or nymphe'sx\, a. nymph' -IWie, or 

nymph'a, n. nymph'icaX, a. nymph'ly, a, 

tiymph'ish, a. 

NyXj nyct-05 {wk, wy.T&i), flight. 
Ilacron'ic, a. acron'ically, or ^nyc'talops, n. 

acron'ical, or acron'?/cally, ad. *nyc'talo'py, n. 

acron'yca], a. 

* Innuendo, literally, a nod, an oblique hint; a remote iutimatiott or 
reference to a person or thing not named. 

t Nucleus, properly, the kernel of a «i<^/ but in common usage, any 
bodt/ about which matter is collected. The body of a comet, called also its 
head, which appears to be surrounded with light. 

X Nymph, according to the ancients, all the world was full of nymphs, 
some terrestrial, others celestial ; and these had names assigned to them 
according to their place of residence, or the parts of the world over which 
they were supposed to preside. In modern usage, another name of the 
pupa, chrysalis, or aurelia ; the second state of an insect passing to its per- 
fect form. 11 Acronic, Acronical, ox Acronycal, in astronomy, a term 
applied to the rising of a star at sun-set, or its setting at sun-rise. This 
ritinff or setting is called acronical. The word is opposed to cosmical. 

§ Nyctalops, one that sees best in the night, or who lose§ his sight as 
night comes on, and remains blind till morning. * Nyctalopy, the 

faculty of seeing best in darkness, or the disorder in which the patient 
loses his tight at night, Sic, 

OBE 346 OCH 


Obelisc-17S,* m. 2. (o/3iXi(rKog)j an obelisk. 
*ob'elisk, n. obelis'cal, a. 

Obliqu-c7S_, a. crooked, not direct, aslant. 

oblique', or oblique'ly, ad. obliq'uiiy, n. 

oblike', a. oblique'ness, n. obliqua'tlon, n. 

Oblivio, on-is, f. 3. (obliviscorj v. dep, 3. to forget)^ 

"^obliv'ion, n. obliv'ious, a. 

ObsccenuSj a. immodest, impure, or unchaste; lewd, 
obscene', a. obscene'ness, n. obscen'ity, n. 

obscenely, ad. 

Obscur-us, a. dark, abstruse : as, ohscu'rity, a being 
dai-k ; want of light. 

obscure', a. & v. obscure'ness, n. obscura't'ion, n. 
obscurely, ad. obscu'rity, n. unobscu'rt^, a. 

Obstetrix,Ic-/5,/. 3. {ab ob et sto_, orsisto), a midwife, 
obstet'r'ic, a. obsietrici'an, n. 

obsielrica'lion, n. obstet'r'ics, n. 

OccvL'i-us,a. {ohetce\o,v. 1. to conceal), hidden, secret. 
XoccuW, a. occulta' tion, n. 

occult'ness, n. 

OcHL-os {oz^oO} ^^^ ^^^ ^^ crowd, 

* Obelisk, a large stone or marble of great height, with four faces grow- 
ing smaller and smaller towards the top, till it ends in a point like a pyra- 
mid, often charged with inscriptions or hieroglyphics. Ptolemy Philadel- 
phus raised one of 88 cubits high, in honour of Arsinoe. Augustus erecltd 
one in the (,'ampus Martius at Rome, which served to mark the hours on 
a horizontal dial drawn on the pavement. lu ivrititigor printing, a matk 
or rejisreftt-e, thus (+). 

f Oblivion, forgetfulness, a /o?-g-e^<?w^ of offences, a remission of punish- 
ment. An act of oblivion is an amnesty or general pardon of crimes and 
offences, granted by a sovereign, by which punishment is remitted. 

t Occult, hidden from the eye or understanding, invisiLle, unknown. 
The occult sciences are magic, necromancy, &c. Occult lines, in geome- 
tty, are such as are drawn with ihe compass or a pencil, and are scarcely 




OcEAN-i7S, 771. 2. the ocean or main sea. 

o'ceauy n. & a. ocean'ic^ a. Oceau'us, n. 

OcHR-^_, /. 1. {axe^ct, ah A)x,^og, i/ellowish), an earthy 
yellow -colouring substance, 
o'chre or o'cher, n. o'chreo\x^ or o'cherous, a, 

OcTO (oKTu), eight: as, oc'ton^a-y, belonging to the 
number eight ; oc/'oden'tate;, having eight teeth ; 
oc'tic^XQ, eight-hX^ : oc'toM, cleft into eight parts. 

oc7a chord, n. 

oc'tagoiij n. 

octag'onsH, a. 
•oc^ahe'dron, n. 

oc/a he'dral, a. 
•f oc/an'derj n. 

06'/an'drian, a. 

oc/ang'ular, a. 

oc'^ile, n. 

oc'tonary, a. 
oc/o/ioc'ular, a. 
06'^opet'alous, a. 
oc/ora'diated, a. 
■foc'tostyle, n. 
oc'^uple, a. 
oc^osyriable, a. 
oc/ospemi'ous, a. 
suboc7uple, or 
suboc'/ave, a. 

[|oc7avej n. &.a. 
§ocfa'vo, 71. 

oc/en'nial, a. 

Oc'ioher, n. 

ocfodec'hna.], a. 

oc/oden'tate, a. 

oc'tohd, a. 
Xoc'tautj or *oc/oloc'ular, a. 

OcTOGEN-j, a. {ab octo), eighty. 

octog'enaxy, a. & n. 

OcuL-uSj m. 2. the eye : as^, Vmoc^ulaYj having two 

eyes ; oc'uh^i, one who cures eyes. 

Xhin'oclc, n. h'moc'ulsit, a. moc'uldAe, v. 

* Octohedroti, in geometry, a solid contained by eight equal and equila- 
teral triangles. It is one of the five regular bodies. 

t Ovtander, in botany, a plant having eight stamens. 

X Octant or Octile, in astronomy, that aspect of two planets, in which 
they aie distant from each other the eighth part of a circle, or 45°. 

II O'-teue, the eighth day after a festival, also eig-Zi^ days together after it. 
!n music, an eighth, or an interval of eight sounds, or of seven degrees, or 
twelve semitones. The Octave is the most perfect of the chords, consist- 
in<j of six full tones and two semitones major. It contains the whole dia- 
tonic scale. 

§ Octavo, a book in which a sheet is folded into eight leaves. 

* Octolocular, in botany, having etgfit cells for seeds. 

+ Octostyle, in ancient architecture, the face of an edifice adorned with 
eight columns, or a range of eigfit columns. 

t Binocle, literally, a double ej/e , a dioptric telescope, fitted with two 
tubes joining, so as to enable a person to view an object with both ej/en at 




inoc'w/ated, a. niorioc'w/ous, a. oc'w/arly, ad. 

inocWtf^ing, a. nmltoc'w/ar, a. oc'uhte, a. 

inocula'don, n. oc^/7ated, a. oc'tt/iform, a. 

inoc'w/a^or, ri. octonoc'w/ar, a. oc'w/ist, n. 

•nion'ocw/e, n. oc'ulax, a. ienoc'ular, a, 

monoc'M/ar, or o'(/le, v, 
Ob-e {ti)2yt), a7i ode, a song or hymn : as, melo'dious^ 

full of melody ; ode, a short poem or 50??^ y pro- 

soWmn, one skilled in prosody, 
•j-com'grfy, w. Oi/(7, ra. pros'orfist, n. 

come'rfian, «. *parinofif5, or j|psal'mo(/y, w. 

Jep'oc^gj w. paVino6?y, n. ^ psalm orf'ic, a% 

\\ \V\ad, n. -f-par'orfy, n. & v. §rhap'soc?y, n. 

§mei'orfy, n. paroo?'ic, a. 

melo'rfious, a. paro^'ical, a. 

melo'c^'ously, ad. Jpros'o^y, n. 

melo'rftousness, n. proso'rfian, n. 

mel'ocfize, v. proso'rfial, a. 

mon'orfy, w. prosoc?'ical, a. 

mon'orfist, n. 
Odi, v.pret. 3. / /^afe or have hated: as, oWmm, Aow 

t)rd, dislike; ^ensiveness. 

o'dious, a. o'f^iousness, n, 

o'diously, ad. o'dimn, n. 

Thap'soc?ist, n. 
rhapsoc?'ic, a. 
rhapsorf'icalj a. 
*tra,g'edy, n. 
trag^'f/ian, n. 
tragicom'et/y, iu 

* Monocitle, see foot-note, p. 319. 

■f Comedy, see foot-note, p. 147. t Epode, in IjTi'c poetry, the third 

or last part of the ode, the ancient ode being divided into strophe, anti- 
strophe, and epode: Now used as the name of any little verse or verses, 
that follow one or more great ones. Thus a pentameter after a hexame- 
ter, is an epode. II Iliad, a song vr poem about Ilium, Ilion, Troy; an 
epic poem, composed by Homer, the great poet of Greece, in 24 books. 

§ Melody, see foot-note, p. 301. * Palinode or Palinody, a recantation 
or declaration contrary to a former one. t Parody, a kind of writing, 
in which the tvords of an author, or his thoughts, are, by some slight al- 
terations, adapted to a different purpose ; a kind of poetical pleasantry, irt 
which verses written on one subject are altered and applied to another, by 
way of burlesque. % Prosody, that part of grammar which treats of the 
quantity of syllables, of accents, and of the laws of versification. It in- 
cludes also the art of adjusting the accent and metrical arrangements of 
syllables in composition for the lyre. || Psalmody, the act, art, or prac- 
tice of singing sacred songs. § Rhapsody, originally, a discourse in verse, 
sung or rehearsed by a rhapsodist ; or a collection of verses, particularly 
those of Homer. In modei-n usage, a collection of passages, thoughts, or 
authorities, composing a new piece, but without necessary dependence or 
natural connection. — Locke, Watts. * Tragedy, originally, a song or 

ODO 349 ODO 

Odor, m. 3. a scent or S7nell, perfumes : as, odo'ri'i er- 
oiis, bearing or givmg scejit or fragrance, 
mo'dor&te, a. odoriferous, a. o'dor, or 

ino'f/orous, a. o.'/orjf eroustiess, n. o'doiir, n. 

o'dorate, a. oVorous, a. o' do rament, n, 

o'doraiing, a. oVorousness, n. 

Od-os (o^ds), a road or way, a journey : as, meth'- 
of/ist, one who observes J/^ef/^oc/y periot/'ic, pertain- 
ing to a period, 

amethorf'ical, a. 'i^meih'od, n. periof/'ic, a, 

*ep'i^oc/^, n. metbof/'ic, a. periorf'ically, ad. 

episo(^'ic, a. metboc/'ical, a. ^syiVod, n. 

episo^'ical, a. metho</'ically, ad. syn'odal, or 

"fEx'odus, n. meth'orfrem, n, syno<i''ic, or 

ex'orfy, n. ineth'ofiist, ?*. synorf'ical, a. 

immethorf'ical, a. xntiYtodWtic , a. syno(i'ically, ad. 
immethor^'icallyjaf/. ||pe'riof/, n. 

poem sung in honour of Bacchus, by a chorus of music, with dances and 
the sacpifice of a goat. A dramatical poem, representing some signal action 
performed by illustrious persons, and generally having a ftital issue. vEs- 
thyhis is called the father of tragedy. A fatal and mournful event ; any 
event in which human lives are lost by human violence, more particulai-ly 
by unautliorized violence. 

'* Episode, in poetry, a separate t««rf««?, story, or action, introduced for 
the purpose of giving a greater variety to the events related in the poem ,• 
an incidental narrative, or digression, separable from the main subject, 
but naturally arising from it. t Kiodus or Etod,:/, depairture from 

a place; particularly the departure of the Israelites from Egypt under the 
conduct of MoseB : the second book of the Old Testament, which giveb a 
history of the departure of the Israelites from Egypt. 

ij: Method, literally, according to a wof/ ; a suitable and convenient ar- 
rangement of things, proceedings, or ideas ; tvay, maimer, clussif cation. 

li Period, literally, a way or path round or about, a circuit ; hence, the 
time which is taken up by a planet in making its revolution round the sun, 
or the duration of its course till it returns to the po'int of its orbit where it 
begaji. Thus the period of the earth, or its annual revolution, is 'M^ days, 
6 hours, 9 minutes, and SO seconds. In chronology, a stated number of 
years ; a rouna of time, the end or conclusion, length of duration ; the 
point that marks the end of a complete sentence, a full stop, thus (.) 

§ Synod, in church history, a council, convention, or meeting of eccle- 
siastics, to consult on matters of religion. S/jnods are of four kinds, 1. Ge- 
neral or ecomenioal, which are composed of bishops from different nations. 
2. National, in which the bishops of one nation only meet, to determine 
points of doctrine or discipline. 3. Provincial, in which the bishops of one 
province only meet. 'I'his is call d a convocation. 4. Diocesan. In Scot- 
land, a synoS is composed of several adjoining presbyteries. The mem- 
bers are the ministers, and a ruling elder from each parish. In astronomy, 
a conjunction of two or more planets or stars in the same optical plate of 
the heavens. 

2 G 

ODO 350 OLE 

OdOYS, odont-OS, {o}ovf, o^oyrof), a tooth, 

mon'odon, n. odoniaVgy, n. odontal'gic, a. &. n. 

*odonlay gia,, or 

OiDOS (ii^og), a form, a figure : as^, ho'tvyoid, having 

the form of a bunch of gi-apes ; sphero/(/', a bod?/ 

or figure approaching to a sphere. 
■fco'noid, n. metalloirf'al, a. spheroifi', n. 

conoid'ic, or %o'\oid, a. spheroirf'al, a, 

conoid'al, a. *para.h'o\oid, n. spheroici'ic, a. 

Xcy'cioid, n. •j-pris'moirf, n. spheroif:^''ical, a. 

cycloirf'al, a. prismatoirf'al, a. spheroic^'ity, n. 

bo'tryoirf, or ijirhom'boirf, n. []trapezoit/', n. 

botryoirf'al, a. rhoTaboid'al, a. trapezoiii'al, a. 

(|met'aIloJrf, n. semisphero»c^'al,a. §va'rioloi(/, n. 

Ol-eo, v. 2. to emit a smell, to smell of, to grow : as, 
abo/'ish, to grow from, to annul, to destroy ; 2A?df , 
grown to maturity ; o/fac'tory, belonging to snielling. 
abo/'ish, v. ahol'ished, a. abo/'ishing, a. & n. 

abo/'isher, n. abo/'ishable, a. abo/'ishment, n. 

* Odontalgia, tootlt-ache, or a pain in the teeth. 

t Conoid, in geometry, a solid formed by the revolution of a conic sec- 
tion about its axis. If the conic section is a parabola, the resulting solid 
Is a parabolic conoid, or paraboloid ; if a hyperbola, the solid is a hyper- 
bolic conoid, or hyperboloid; if an ellipse, an elliptic conoid, a spheroid, 
or an ellipsoid. In anatomy, a gland m the third ventricle of the brain, 
resembling a cone or pine-apple, and called the pineal gland. 

$ Cycloid, a geometrical curve, on which depends the doctrine of pendu- 
lums ; a figure made by the upper end of a diameter of a circle, turning 
about a right line. The genesis of a ct/cloid may be conceived, by imagin- 
ing a nail in the circumference of a wheel; the line which the nail de- 
scribes in the air, while the wheel revolves in a right line, is a ct/cloid. 

It Metalloid, a name sometimes applied to the metaUic bases otihe alka- 
lies and earths. § Ovoid, having the shape of an egg. 

* Paraboloid, in geometry, a paraboliform curve, whose ordinates are 
supposed to be in the subtriplicate, subquadruplicate, &c. ratio of their 
respective abscissae. 

■f Prismoid, a body that approaches to t\\efortn of a prism. 

XRJwmboid, in geometry, z. figure having some resemblance to a rhoiib: 
or a quadrilateral figure whose opposite sides and angles are equal, but 
which is neither equilateral nor equiangular. In anatomy, the rhomboid 
muscle is a thin, broad, and obhquely square fleshy muscle, between the 
basis of the scapula and the spina dorsi. 

II Trapezoid, an irregular solid figure, having four sides, no two of 
which are parallel to each other ; also a plane four-sided ^g^^re having two of 
the opposite sides parallel to each other. 

§ Varioloid, the name recently given to a disease ; esembling the small-pox. 




"^red'olence, n. 
red'o/ency, n. 
red Went, a. 
unabo/'ished, a. 
unabo/'ishable, a. 

hholiti'on, n. obso/es'cence, n. 

abo/i/i'onist, n. obso/es'cent, a. 

ado/es'cencej n. oh'solete, a. 

oh'soletenesa, n. 

ado/es'cenl, a. *o/^f'iant, a. 

adtili', a. &. n. o/fact', v. 

adnlt'ness, n. oliac'tory, a. 

Olet-uSj p.p. (ah oleo)^ grown or wo7'n. (SeeOleo.) 

Oljg-os (oXiyog), few : as, o/'^j^farchy, the rule of ^few 

oViffarchy, n. o/?^ar'chical, a. oligist'ic, a. 

oliffax'chal, a. \\ol'iffist, or 

OliV-A, f. 1. {i?^xtx), olive. OlE-UM, n. 2. (sA«<oy) 
oil : as, oleog'inous, having the qualities of oil ; ole~ 
ose' or o'leous, full of oil ; olivas'ter, of the colour 
of olive, tawny. 

oil, n. *o'leate, n. oliva'ceous, a. 

oily, a. c'leic, a. olivas'ler, a. 

oi/'iness, n. o/eose', or ol'ive, n. 

cleag'inous, a. o'leous, a. ol'ived, a. 

oleag'inousness,n. -}-o/gosac'charum, n. ol'ive-yard, n. 
^oleas'iev, n. 

Ol-os (cAo?)_, t/ie Kshole, all. (See Holos.) 
Olus, oler-?5j n. 2. pot-herhs — olera'ceo\x%,a. ol'iioxy,a. 
O'LYM.v-us, m. 2. {'oXvfiTTcg) , a mountain of Macedonia. 
Xolym'piad, n. olym'pian, a. olym'pic, a. 

* Olefiant, literally, becoming or resembling oil. OleHant gas, called by 
Ure carburetted hydrogen, is so named from its property of forming with 
chlorine a compound resembling oil. 

% Redolence or Redolenct/, sweet scent. 

II Oligist iron, so called, is a crystallized tritoxyd of iron. 

§ Oleaster, a plant, the wild olive. * Oleate, a compound of oleic acid 
with a salifiable base. t Oleosaccharum, a mixture of oil and sti^rir. 

XOhjmpiad, a period of four years, reckoned from one celebration ox the 
Olympic games to another. These were solemn games among the ancient 
Greeks, dedicated to Olympian Jupiter, and celebrated once in four years 
at Olympia, a town in Greece, and constituting an important epoch in his- 
tory and chronology. The first Olympiad commenced 775 years before 
the birth of Christ, "and 22 years before the foundation of Rome. Tlie 
computation by Olympiads ceased at the 364th Olympiad, in the year 41" 
of the Christian era. 

OMA 352 OMN 

Omal-os {ofix>^og^ ab o^oi), even, like, 7'eaular : as, 
anom'aly or anom'«/ism_, a being ixregidarj devia- 
tion from common rule. 

anom'aly, n. nnomalh'dc, a. ano?n'a/isin, n. 

ano7?2'67ous, a. ano?na/is'tical, a. *anom'a/ipdclja. &«. 

anom'alously, ad. 

Ombr-os {ofi^^og), 0-ain — tomJrom'eter, n. 

Omega:}: {p., a), the last letter in the Greek alphabet. 

OmeNj m-is, n. 3. a sign good or bad, a prognostic : 
as, shom'innte, to deprecate as ominous, to hate 
extremely, to abhor ; om' inow.^, forebodmg evil or 
foreshowmgsigns of good ; o'men, a sign good or bad. 

abom'i/iate, v. abom'i/iably, ad. omma'iiou, n. 

abom'i7ia\:ed, a. iiho7n'inah\eness,n. om'inous, a. 

ahoinina'tion, n. o'men, n. ovfi'inow^ly, ad. 

abP77j'ir/«iing, a. o'tncjitd, a. om'i/iousness, n. 

abom'eVioble, a. om'inate, v. preom'J«ate, v. 

Omn-is, a. all, every : as, omnii'ei'ous, ^//-bearing ; 
o7nni-p'otence, all or almighty power ; omnis'cient, 
tt/Z-knowing or seeing. 

onm ifa'rious, a. om?iipercip'ient, a. om?iJpresen'tial, «. 

ownif erous, a. omnij>'otence, n. OTnwis'cience, n. 

onudi'ic, a. omnip'otency, n. omnh' cxency, n. 

om'nifonn, a. OTntiip'otent,a.&n.o)nnis'cier\t, a. 

omniforni'ity, n. omnip'otently, ad. 

omnis/ enow?,, a. omnj'pres'ence, n. §om'mum, n. 

omnipar'ity, n. o?n?iipres'ent, a. omuWoxovL^, a. 
||ownipercip'ience,n. om'nihxx?,, n. 

* Anomaliped, an anomalotis-foote^ fowl, whose middle toe is united to 
the exterior by three phalanges or rows of small bones, and to the interior 
by one only. 

t Ombrometer, an instrument to measure the quantity of rain that falls. 

$ Omega is therefore in the Holy Scriptures taken for the last. " I am 
the A. alpha, and il, omega, the begirrrang and the endinga saith the 
Lord." — Rev. i. 8. Il Omnipeixipience, perception of every thing. 

§ Omnium, the aggregate of certain portions of different stocks in the 
public funds. Onmium denotes all the particulars included in the contract 
between government and the public for a loan. 

OMP 353 ONO 

Omphal-os {ofA(pa,Mi), the navel : 2iS,yOmphal'\z, of the 

navel; Qyiom'phalos or om'phalocQle^di navel Y\x^iMre. 

tsom'phalos, n. omphal'ic^ a. "fom'phaloYtter, or 
omphal'ocele, n. ^omphalot'omy, n. omphalo'p'tic, n. 

Oneirics {ovit^o?, ab ova^), a dream), a dream. 
1^oneirocrit'ic,n.&a. oneirocvit'ical, a. \\oneVromancy, n. 
Onom-.4 (Javof^ci), a name : as, anon'i/mous, wanting 
a name ; homonymy, likeness of na7ne ; symon'- 
ymows, of the same name. 

ano/i'i/mous, a. meto^i^m'ical, a. paronom'asy, n. 
2inon'ymo\x'&\y, ad. metonym'ic&Wy , arf.paronomas'tical, a. 
§antono»2a'sia, or -j-ore'cmancy, n. paronojnas'tic, a. 

antonom'asy, 71. onomant'ic, a. *'patronym'ic,a.8Ln. 
homon'ymy, n. &yn'onym, n. 

homow'ymous, a. Xon'omato'pe, or ^ynon'yma, n. pi. 
hoxaon'ymo}x^y,ad. on'omato'py, n. synon'ymy, n. 
"meton'ymy, n. ||paro«'2/mous, a. -j-synori'^wjous, a. 
metonym'ic, a. §parowon2a'sia, or synon'ymously, ad. 

* Omphalotomy, the operation of dividing the navel string. 

t Omphalopter or Omphaloptic, an optical glass that is convex on both 
sides, commonly called a convex lens. ij^ Oneiroci-itic, one who inter- 

prets dreams. || Oneiiomancy , divination by dreams. 

§ Antonomasia, the use of the name of some office, dignity, profession, 
science, or trade, instead of the true name of the person : as, his majesty, 
for a king; lordship, for a nobleman. Thus, instead of Aristotle, we say, 
the philosopher ; a grave man is called a Cato ; an eminent orator, a Ci- 
cero : a wise man, a Solomon. 

* Metonymy, in rhetoric, a trope in which one word is put for another; 
a change of names which have some relation to each other, as when we 
say, " a man keeps a good table," instead of good provisions. " We read 
Virgil," that is, his poems or writings. " They have Moses and the joj-o- 
phets,'' that is, their books or writings, A man has a clear head, that is, 
understanding, intellect ; a warm heart, that is, ojfections. 

t Onomanijy, divination by the letters of a name. 

if. Onomatope, in rhetoric, a figure in which words are formed to resem- 
ble the sound made by the thing signified : as, to liuzz as bees, to crackle 
as burning thorns or brush. A word whose sound corresponds to the 
Bound of the thing signified. || Paronymous, resembling another word. 

§ Paronomasia, a rhetorical figure, by which words nearly alike in sound 
but of different meanings, are affectedly or designedly used ; a play upon 
words, a pun. * Patronymic, a name of men or women derived 

from that of their parents or ancestors ; as, Tydides, the son of Tydeus ; 
1 elides, the son of Peleus, that is, Achilles. 

t " As words signifying the same thing are called synonymous, so equi- 
vocal words, or those which signify several things, are called homonymous, 
or ambiguous ; and when persons use such ambiguous words, with a de- 
«lgn to deceive, it is called equivocation."— Wa^*«' Logic. 
2 o2 


synon'ymize, v. 


synon't/mist, n. 

Dnt-^ (ovrcc, ab lif^t, to he), being. 

onioVogy, n. ontolog'ic, a. on/olog'icalj a. 

ontoVogi&t, n. 

OnuSj onei'-isj n. 3. a burden or /o«(f : as^ or/erary, 
belonging to a burden. 

exonerate, v. exon'eratlng, a. on'ersiie, v. 

exon'erated, a. exon'erative, a. onei-a'iion, n. 
exoneration, n. ou'eraxy, a. *oii'erous, a. 

Onym-j {ovvfiet), a name. (See Ononia.) 
Ofac-us, a. shady, dark : as, opa'cous, impervious 
to the rays of light, dark. 

Ojoa'c'ousness, n. opuJce'nesn, n. 
opac'ity, n. opake', or semiojoa'cous, a. 

opa'cous, a. opaque', a. 

Opal-us, m. 2. a stone of the silicious genus, 
fo'pal, n. opales'cent, n. o'palizs, v. 

opales'cence, n. a'paline, a. 

OpER-Ajf. 1. work, labour: as, op^erate, to act, to exert 
power or strength, to work; opus'cule, a small work. 

co-op'erate, v. :!l^nianoeu'vre, or opera' t'lon, n. 

co-op' eraihig, a. maueu've?-, n. & v. op'eraiiug, a. 

co-opera'iiou, n. vaancu'vereA., a. op'erat'we, a. & n. 

co-op' erat'we, a. vaaxieu'vering, a. op'eratox, n. 

co-op'erator, n. \\op'era, n. opcrose', a. 

co-op'erant^ a. manwre, ??. &n. operose'aess, n. 

inop'erat'mg, a. 
inop'eradve, a. 

op'erate, v. 
operai'ical, a. 

opus c\m, n. 

* Onerous, burdensorae, oppressive. In Scots law, being for the advan- 
tage of both parties,— as an onerous contract, opposed to g-ratuitons, 

•f Opal, a stone which is one of the most beautiful of the silicious genu?, 
by reason of its changeableness of colour by reflection and refraction ; hence 
opalescence, a coloured shining lustre, reflected from a single spot in a mi- 
r.eral. ^MawcKWure, see foot-note, p. 297. II Opera, a dramatic compofi- 
•iowset to music, and sung on the stage, accompanied with musical instru- 
ments, and enriched with magnificent dresses, machines, dancjng, I'vic. 

OiH 355 0?P 

Oph-is Qipn), % serpent : as^ ophidVogy, the science 
0? serpents ; oj»/i?oph'agous, eating serpents. 

*ophid'ion, n. ophiolog'ic, a. ophiojAVagous, a. 

ophid'iiiu, a. o})hio\og'ical, a. \\o'phite, n. & a. 

ophioVogy, n. -foph'tomancy, n. §o^Aiu'chus, n. 

ophioVogiat, n. iJlo/j/iJomorph'ous, a. 

Ophthalm-os {o<pdccXfiog'), the eye : as, opMiaVima or 
oph'thalmy, a disease of the eyes. 

ophthal'mia, or *ophlhalmos'co-py, n. -fzoophihal'my, n. 
oph'thalmy, n. ophthal'mic, a. 

Opin-OjRj v. dep. 1. to think, to imagine : as, ophi'ion- 
ative, unduly attached to one's own opinion. 

inop', v. opin'iative, a. opin'ionist, n. 

n\\?,opiu'ion, n. opiu'iatiweness, n. opi/i'ionate, a. 
op'ine, V. opiii'ion, n. opiu'ionated, a. 

opin'ioned^ a. opiii'ioricitely, ad. 

opi'nmg, a. & n. opiii'ionativs, a. 
opin'iate, v. opin'ioiiatlvely ,ad. "pxeopm'ion, n. 

Ovi-UM, n. 2. {o7!-oi), the juice of poppies, — used to 

promote sleep — X<>'pium, n. o'piate, n. & a. 

Opl-on (aji-Aov)j a weapon, artJis — |]pan'ojc/y, n. 
Oppib-um, n. 2. a walled town or burgh-^op'pidax\,n.8La. 

* Ophidian, a fish of the anguilliform kind, resembling the common eel, 
but shorter, more depressed, and of a paler colour, — found in the Medi- 
terranean, f Ophiomancy, divination by serpents. 

% Ophiomorphoiis, having the form of a serpent. 

II Ophite, n, green porphyry, or serpentine ; but Ophite, a. pertaining to 
a setpeut. § Ophiuchns, a constellation in the northern hemisphere. 

* Opiithalmoscopy, a branch of physiognomy wliich deduces the know- 
ledge of a man's temper and manner from the appearance of the eyes. 

f Zoophthnlmy, an herb, sengreeri or honseleek. 

4: Opium, a Turkish juice, partly of the resinous, partly of the gummy 
kind, used as medicine to promote sleep. It is imported from Nafolia, 
Egypt, the Levant, and the East Indies. It is produced from the cap- 
sules of the somniferous wliite garden poppy, with which the fields ot 
Asia Minor are in many places sown. It flows from incisions made in the 
heads of the plant, and the best flows from the first incision. Its first 
effect is the making the patient cheerful. It removes melancholy, and 
dissipates the dread of danger ; the Turks always take it when they are 
going to battle : it afterwards quiets the spirits, eases pain, and disposes to 
sleep — Hill. II Panoply, complete armour or defence. 

§ Oppidan, an inhabitant of a tvwn : an appellation given to the student* 
of Eton school in England. 




Optim-C7S, a. (« bonus, good), very good, best 
'op'timacy, n. -fopiim'ity, n. l^op'Hmhm, n. 

Opt-o (otttw), to see : as,a\x'topsj, personal observation; 
catop'tr'ics, vision by reflection ; op'tics, the science 
of sight or vision. 

aa'topsy, n. dioptrical, a. 

auto/)7ical, a. *&xop'sy, or 
z.utop' ticsWy , ad. hydrop'^y, a. 

Axop'sitA, a. 

&top'sica\, or 

hydro/)'ical, a. 

hydrojo'ic, a. 

metojDos'copy, n. 

my opy, n. 
nyc'talojDS, n. 
nyc'talojjy, n. 
Ojo'^ics, n. 
opt'ic, T). & n. 
op'ticdl, a. 
optici'an, n. 
■fsynop's'is, n. 

cato/>7rics, n. 

catop'tric, a. 

catop'trica.], a. 
II catojo7romaricy,n. 
§diojt>'/rics, n. 

diop'tic, or 

diop'tric, a. 

d'wp'iical, or 

Opt-0, v. 1. to wish, to choose : as, op'tai'wQ, express- 
ing a desire or wish ; op'tiovi, the power of choos- 

ing or wisIiYng, a choice or election. 

metojoos copist, n. 
my'ope, n. 

synop' tica\, a. 
syno/>'/ically, ad. 

^adopt', V. 
adopt'ed, a. 
adopt'edly, ad. 
adop't'ion, n. 
adop'ler, n. 
adop'ting, a. 

adop't'ivQ, a. &. n. 

co^opta' tion, n. 
exo/)'/able, a. 
om'phalo/j/er, or 
omphalo/>'dc, n. 

op'tat'we, a. 
op'i\on, n. 
op't\ona.\, a. 
preo/j'/ion, n. 
Teadopt\ V. 

* Optimaci/, the body of nobles, the vobilit;/. f Optimifi/, the state of 
being best. :j: Optimism, the opinion or rioctrine, that every tiling 
in nature is ordered for the best ; or the order of things in the universe 
that is adapted to produce the most c^ood. 

I Catoptromanc}/, a species of divination among the ancien's, which was 
performed by letting down a mirror into water, for a sick person to look 
at his face in it. If his countenance appeared distorted and ghastly, it was 
an ill omen ; if fresh and healthy, it was favourable. 

§ Dioptrics, that part of optics which treats of the refractions of light 
passing through diflferent mediums, as through air, ivater, or glass, to 
assist the sight in the view of distant objects. 

* Dropsy, see foot-note, p. 248. f Synopsis, a general view, or a 
collection of things or parts so arranged as to exhibit the whole or the 
principal parts in a general view. \. Adopt, to take a stranger into 
one's family, as son and heir ; to take one who is not a child, and treat 
him as one, giving him a title to the privilee;es and rights of a child. In 
a spirituul sense, to receive the sinful children of men into the invisible 
church, and into God's favour and protection, by which they become heirs 
of salvation by Christ. To take or receive as one's own, that which is not 
naturally so ; or to receive that which is new ; to select and take. 

OPU 357 ORD 

OpuLENT-t7.S'^ a. ■wealtht/, rkh. 

inop'uknt, a. op'ulency, n. op'ukntly, ad. 

op'ulence, n. op'uhnX, a. 

Oram-^ (o^xua, ah l^ciu, to See), the thing see??, a 
sight, a view : as, mavm'o7-ama, sea viei£s. 
*cos'morama, n. ma,T'nVo7-amo, tt. \\pa.u'ora7na, n. 
■^^Voravia, n. :|:myr'iorama, n. 

Orat-us, p.p. {ah oro), spoken, pleaded. (See 07'o.) 
Orb-is, m. 3. a circle or globe : as, exor^difant, going 

beyond the usual track or orbit, e.xcessive ; orbic'- 

idar, in the form of an orb. 

disor.5'ed, a. or'bedi, a. orhic'ula.te, a. 

txor'biia,uce, n. or'bic, a. crbic'ulate6, a, 

exor'biisLncy, n. or'bit, n. orhicula' iion, n. 

exo7''bi(ant, a. orbic'ular, a. or'by, a. 

exor'bitantly, ad. orbic' ulaxly ^ ad. or'bitai, o 

exor'biiate, v. orbic'idarne^s, n. 

orb, n. &. V. 

Orchestr-^j§ /. 1. {o^z'^Tre^oi), a place in theatres /or 
dancing — ^orches'tra, or oi'ches'tre., n. orches'tral, a. 

Orc-os {o^y-o?), an oath : as, ex'orcise, to adjure by 
some holy name ; to expel evil spirits by conjura- 
tion, prayers, and ceremonies. 
ex'orcise, v. ex'orciser, n. ex'orcist, n. 

ex'omsed, a. ex'ort'ising, a. ex'orcism, n. 

Ordinat-uSj p.p. {ab ordino, v.\. to set in order), or 
dered, arranged. (See Ordo.) 

* Cosmorania, an ejhibitiun ol pictia-cs, representing varkms partsof the 
world, t Diorama, an exhibition oi transparent pictures, cr the 

effects of light and shade advantageously displayed. 

ij: Myriorama, sections of vietvs so contrived that they may be combined 
into an indefinite nvimb.r of pictures. || Panorama, complete or 

entire view ; a circular paintini^ liaving apparently no beginning or end, 
from the centre of which the spectator may have a complete view of the 
objects presented. 

§ Orchestra, a j)lace in the Roman theatre next the stage, where the se- 
nators sat; in the Greek theatre, the place where the actors danced, being 
derived from orcheisthai, c^x^ktOch, to dance, and that from orthos, o-Ja;, 
erect, upright. Now, a place iox public exhibition; the place where fat mar 
iiciaiis are set at a public shoiv ; the band of musicians. 

ORD 358 OKG 

Ordi-oRj v. dep. 4. to begin — •exor'rfium, n. exor'rfial, a. 

Ordo, m-is, m. 3. order, rank, arravgement : as, ex- 

XxdiOr' dindxy , beyond the common order ; ino/rfe- 

Tzate, not according to order or rw/e y ordain', to 

set apart for an office ; ^ appoint. 

co-or'dinate, a. ordain'er, n. ^ord'nance, n. 

co-07-'di}iately, ad. ordained', a. )\or'donnance, n, 

co-o>"Wi«ateness, «. ordai'nmg, a. San. preordain', v. 

co-ordina'tion, n. or'der, n. & v, •pveordain'ing, a. 

disor'der, n. & v. or'dered, a. -preordained', a. 

disor'rferly, a. & ad. or'dcrer, n. pTeor'dinance, n. 

disor'rfered, a. or'dering, a. & n. 

d'lsor'diiiate, a. or'derless, a. preordina'tion, n. 

disor'dinately, ad. or'derly, a. & ad. primor'rfial, a. 

extraordinary, a. or'derliness, n. pr'ixnor'diaie, v. 

extTaor'dinar\ly,ad. leordain', v. 

extraor'rfiwariness, reordina'tion, n, 

inor'dinacy, n. or'dinal, a. & n. semior'dinate, n. 

inor'dinate, a. -foT'dinance, n. 

inordinately, ad. or'diiiary, a. & n. ' . 

inor'rfinateness, n. or'dinarily, ad. su'hor'dinate,a.&n. 

inordina'tion, n. or'dinate, a.&n. s\ihor'dinate\y, ad. 

insuhordina'tioii,n.or'dinate\y, ad. svhordina'tion, n. 

ordain', v. ordina'i'ion, n, unor'derly, a. 

ordain'dble, a. or'dinative, a. 

Organ -UM, n. 2. {l^yxvcv), an instrument, anatural in- 
strument: as, oj-'ganize, to form with suitable organs, 
disor'gamze, v. inorgan'ical, a. ^or'gan, n. 
dhorganiza'tion,n. inorgan'icaUy, ad. organ'ic, a. 
inorgan'ic, a. mo7-'ganized, a. organ'ical, a. 

* Exordium, in oratory, the beginning; the introductorp part of a dis" 
course, which piepares the audience for the main subject ; the pre/ace or 
proemial part of a composition. 

t Ordinance, a rule established by authority ; a permanent rt<7e of action. 
An ordinance may be a law or statute of sovereign power. Observance 
commanded, established rite or ceremony, Heb. ix. In this sense, baptism 
and the Lord's Supper are denominated ordinances. 

t Ordnance, cannon or great guns, mortars, and howitzers ; artillery. 

fl Ordonnance, in painting, the disposition of the parts of a picture, either 
In regard to the whole piece, or to the several parts. 

§ Organ, a natural instrument of action or operation, or by which som© 
process is carried on : thus, the arteries and veins of animal bodies are or- 




ort/an'ically, ad. 
or^an'icalness, n. 
or'gardsm, n. 
or'ffanxsty n. 
or'ganizQ, v. 

OrI-OR^ v. dep. 4. 

organiza'tion, n. 
or'ganized, a. 
or'gajiizliig, a. 
or'gan-\o% n. 

organ-'pipe, n. 
organog'T&phyf n, 
organograiph'ic, a. 
or^anograph'ical, a 

to rise, to spring : as, abor'^ive, 
brought forth in an immature state, mi8carrym<^ ; 
oVz'ent, riswig as the sun, eastern; or'iginj the 
first ris& or beginning of any thing. 

abortion, n, 
abor'^ive, a. 

abor'/ively, ad. 
aborViveness, n. 
aboHg'inal, a. 
exor'ti\e, a. 

o'rient, a. & n. 
orien'taX, a. &. n. 

orien'/alist, n. 
orientalism, n. 

or'igin, n. 
orig'inaX, a. &, n. 
orig'inaWy^ ad. 
ori^^'inalness, n. 
origindl'ity^ n. 

orig'inate, v. 
orig'ina.tcd, a. 
orig'inating, a. 
priyina'tion, n. 
or'tive, a. 
unorig'inal, a. 
unorig'in'Aiedj a. 

Ornis, ornith-05 {opvig, o^viSo?), a bird : as, orw/scop'- 
ics or ornith'omancj, divination hy fowls, 

*ornith'o\\ie, n. ornithoVogi^t, n. or;iiscop'ic3, n. 
•^■ornithoVogy, n. orniih'omancyj n. 
ornitholog'icaX, a. 

Orn-0, v. 1. to deck or dress: as, o/w<2ment, the 
thing that decks or embellishes ; or'wate, decorated, 

adorn', v. exorna't'ion, n. ornamen'tally, ad» 

adorii'mg, n. orVtcnnent, n. & v. o?-'namented, a. 

adorn'ment, n. or/iamen'tal, a. or'namenting, a. 

gans of circulation ; the lungs are organs of respiration ; the nerves are 
ors;ans of perception and sensation ; the muscles are organs of motion ; 
the ears are organs of hearing ; the eyes are organs of seeing ; the tongue 
is the organ of speech, &c. The instrument or means of conveyanSe or 
communication. A secretary of state is the organ of communication be- 
tween the government and a foreign power. The largest and most har- 
monious of wind instruments of music, consisting of pipes which are filled 
with wind, and stops touched by the fingers. It is blown by a bellows. 

* OrnithoUte, a petrified bhd, f Ornithology, the science of fotvls, 

which comprises a knowledge of their form, structure, habits, and uses. 


or'/iate, a. roadorn', v. avihorn'ing, a. 

oi-'nately, ad. *^\xhorn', v. iniborna'tiou, n. 

or'nateness, n. subo?'n'ed, a unoruamen'tal, a. 

suho/zier, n. unor«Mmen'ted, a. 

Or-o, u. 1. {ah OS, OY-is, n. '6. the moiitli), to speak, to 
beg : as, adore', to pay divine worshij) oi' honour 
to ; inex'orable, that cannot be moved by entreaty 
<dx prayer ; o'r^, of the mouth. 

ado7-e', V. iuos'culating, a. ora'tion, n. 

adored', a. inoscula'tion, n. ora/o'rial, a. 

ado'rer, n. "i^o'racle, n. orato'r'xsiMy, ad. 

adoVing, a. orac'ul'dr, a. o/-a/or'ical, a. 

adora'don, n. orac'ular\y, ad. ora^or'ically, ad. 

adoVable, a. . orac'ulon?., a. 

adoVably, ad. orac'ulously, ad. 

adoVableness, 71. orac'M/ousness, 7i. §07o/o'rio, n. 

ex'orable, a. \\or'aison, or or'ainx, or 

inex'oj'able, a. o?'ison, 71. or'a/ress, n. 

inex'o7-ah\y, ad. o'ralj a. •oj-'ifice, n. 

inex'orableness, n- o'raMy, ad. •f^perora'tiou, n. 

inexoj-abil'ity, u. or'ator, n. uiiadored', a. 

•j-ino^'culute, v. or'atoxy, n. 

* Suborn, primarily, to put on or furnish privately, that is, to J:ribe. In 
law, to procure a person to take such a false oath as constitutes perjury, 

t Inosculate, in anatomy, to unite by apposition or contact ; to unite, as 
twa\t<ins or vessels at their extremities, — as one vein or artery inosculates 
with another. ij: Oracle, among Pagans, the ait-nver of a god or 

Some person reputed to be a god, to an inquiry made respecting some affair 
of importance, usually some future event, as the success of an enterprise 
or battle. Tie deity who gave, or was supposed to give an answer to in- 
quiries, as the Delphic oracle. The place where the answers were given. 
Among Christians, oracles, in the plural, denotes, the communications, 
revelations, or messai.'-es delivered by God to prophets, as the oracles o£ 
God, divine oracles, meaning the Scriptures. The sanctuary or yyiust holy 
pinre in the temple, in which was deposited the ark of the covenant, — 
] Fvings vi. Any person reputed uncommonly wise, whose determinatinns 
are not disputed, or whose opinions are of great authority. A wi^e dcn- 
t--»ce or decision of great authority. 

!l 0,-aison or Orison, prayer, verbal supplication , or m-al worship, 

§ Oratorio, hi Italian music, sacred drama of dialogues, containmg reci- 
tatives, duets, trios, ritorncJIos, choruses, &c. The subjects are mostly 
taken from the Scriptures. Also a place of worship, a chapel. 

* Orifice, the mouth or aperture of a tube, pipe, or other cavity. 

t Peroration, the concluding part of an oration, in which the speaker re- 
capitulates the principal points of his discourse or argument, and urfTfi 
them with greater earnestness and force, with a view to make a deep im- 
pressi'-;)) on his hearers. 

CRO Sol OllY 

Or-os (c^of), a boundary , a limit ; a rule. (SeeHot'Os.) 

Or-os (o^og), a mountain : as, o'read, a mountain- 

nymph-*o»'ol'ogy,n. oroVoght^n. orolog'ical, a. o'r^-ad, n. 

Orphan-os (o^^xvof)^ bereft of parents : as, or'pha^ 

nage or or'phanhm.. the state of orphans. 

or'phan, n. & a. forphanot'Tophy, n. 

or'phanage, n. or'pha7iism, n. 

or'phaiied, a. 
Orth-os (h^Ooi), erect, straight, right, accurate, exact: 

as, or'thodivovsij, the sailing in a straight course ; 

or'thogow, a rectangular figure. 
Xd\orf.ho's\%^ n. or/Aodrom'ic, a. or^Aograph'ica!, a. 

or'ihodox,a. Wor'thocpy, n. oWAograph'ically, 

or'thoepist, n. *orihoVogy, n. 

or' thodoxly , ad. or'thogow, n. •\-orthom'etry, n. 

or'/Aodoxness, n. orthog'onal, a. "^orthoYi'ny, or 

or'lhodoxy, n. §or^/iog'rapliy, n. orthoip'nea, n. 

or'thodromy, ?i. orthog'ra.pher, n. unor'thodox, a. 

orihodrom'ic$, n. orthogx&p\\'ic, a. 
Ort-lts, p.p. {oh orior), risen, sprung. (See Orior.) 
Oryct-o.s {c)PVAToi;,ab h^vG-orcj, to dig^, dug, fossil : asj 

orj/ctoV ogy, the science of fossils. 
\\orf/ciog'nosy, n. ^orT/ctog'raphy, n. ori/ctoVogy, n. 

orpciognos.'tic, a. orj/c/og'rapher, n. oryclolog'ic, a. 

* Orologj/, the science or description of mountains, 
t Orphanotrophi/ , an hospital for orphans. 

X Diortfiosis, a chirurgical operation by which crooked or distorted mem- 
bers are restored to their primitive and reindar shape. 

II Orthoepy, the art of uttering words with propriety/ , the right or cor- 
rect pronunciation of words. 

§ Orthography, the art or practice of writing or spelling words with the 
proper letters according to common usage. The part of grammar which 
treats of the nature and properties of letters, and of the art of writing and 
spelling words correctly. In architecture, the elevations of a building, 
shewing all the parts in their tnie proportion. 

* Orthology, the right description of things, 

t Orthometry, the art or practice of constructing verse correctly/ the 
laws of correct versification. 

t Orthopny, a species of asthma, or disorder of the lungs, in which re- 
spiration can be performed only in an upright or erect position, 

l\ Oiyctognosy, the descrijjtion o£ nn»e7-als, the r'r termination of their 
nomenclature, and the systematic arrangement ox their different species. 
It coincides nearly with mineralogy, in its modem acceptation. 

§ Oryctography, a description of fossils. 
2 H 

OS 362 QST 

Os^ osS'iSj n. 3. ci bo7ie : as,, exos'^afed or exos'seous, 
without bones ; os'sify, to form bo)ie ; os'se'cle, a 
small hone. 

exo*'«ated, a. -j-os'pray, n. osatfica'tion, n. 

exo/seotis, o. o*'sicle, n. -f-os'«ifrage, 7i. 

interos'^eal, or o^'^eous. a. o^siv'orous, a, 

intero*'*eous, a. os'sify, v. I^os'suary, n. 

OS, n. ossii'ic, a. owif 'erous, a. 

*os'se\ei, ?». os'sified, a. 

OscihL-UM, n. 2. an image hung on ropes, and swung 
up and down in the air ; a moving backwards and 
forwards — os'cillate, v. oscilla'don, n. oscil'latoxy, a. 

Oscn-o, v.].to gape, to yawn : as^ os'citoni, yawn- 
ing, sleepy, 
os'ciiancy, n. os'ciiant, a. os'cife,ntly, ad. oscila'ilon, n. 

OscuL-0, V. 1. {ab os), to kiss, to embrace. (See Oro.') 
OsTE-oN {ha-ricv), a bone : as, os'teoco^e, pain in the 

bones ; osteoYogi'ai, one who descrilis bones. 
\\os'teoco\, or osteoVogtr, n. o^/eolog'ical, a. 

osteocoV\r\, n. osteoVoght, n. 05/<?olog'ically, ad. 

os'teoco^z, n. osleolog'ic, a. §perio57eum, n. 

osteoVogy, n. 

OsTRAC-oN (^ca-T^xKoy) , a small shell used in voting 
concerning the banishment of a citizen. 
*os'iracisva., n. os'tracize, v. •fos'trac'iiCj n. 

"^ Ossclet, a hard substance giov/ing on the inside of a horse's knee among 
tlie small bones. \ Osprai/ or Ossifrage, tlie {>0Me-breaker or sea c^igle. 

This is our fish-hawk. :|: Ossuary, a chanicl \v:t\.\&e : a place where 

the lo7ies of the dead are deposited. || Osteocol (a xoX'am, glue), a 

carbonate of lime, a fossil formed by incrustation on the stem, of a plant. 
This word takes its name from an opinion that it has the quality of unit- 
ing fractured hones. g Periostcrim, a nervous vascular rnembrane 
endued with quick sensibility, immediately investing the bones of animals. 

* " The Athenians, in voting about the banishment of a citizen, »tho was 
suspected to be too powerful, and whose merit and influence gave umbrage 
to them, used shells {o(r-qa.xK, testes vel testulee), on which those who were 
for banishing him wrote his name, and ilirew each his shell into an urn. 
This was done in a popular assembly ; and if the number of shells amount- 
ed to GOOD, he was banished for tea years (testai-um siiffraglis), by an os- 
tracism, as it was called, Nep. in Themlst. 8." — Adam's Rom. Antiq. Hence 
baiiishmefit, expulsioti, separation. f Ostracite, an oy&\.ex-shcll in ils 

fossil state, or a stone formed in the shell, the latter being dissolved. 

OTI 363 OXY 

OTi-t73/, n. 2. ease, licing retired from business : as, 

nego'fiaxit omego'tisitoY, one who transacts business. 
disease', n. Si v. ease' (nlly, ad. 

nego'tiate, v. diseas'ed, a. ease'less, a. 

nego'liated, a. disea^'edness, n. ease'ment, n. 

vmgotia' tion, n. disease'ful, a. ea'sy, a. 

nego'tiaioT, n. disease'inent, n. ea'sily, ad. 

wegi/'tialing, a. ease, n. & v. ea'siness, n. 

ease'^vX, a. 
OuRAN-os (o-j^fltvo;);, heaven — owr<27zog'rat)hy. n. 
OuSj oi-os {o-jq, coTOi), the ear : as, ofecou'stic or otsi- 

cous'ticon, an instrument to facilitate heay-ing. 

o^acou'stic, a. & n. paroVis, 7i. *parof'id, a. 

o/acou'sticon, n. 
Ov-iSj f. 3. sheej) — fovaUion, n. o'vmQ, a. 
Oy-um, n. 2. an egg : as, o'voi, of the shape of an 

egg; oe^ep'arous, producing eggs, or young from eggs. 
^Tobo'yate, a. o'yated. a. o'viioxva, a. 

o'vaX, a. & n. j|o'uary, n. oujp'arous, a. 

oyaVious, a. §o'yJduct, n. o'uoid, a. 

o'uate, a. ovic'vlax, a. 

OxY-s (o|y?), sharp, acute; sour, acid: as, ox'gione, an 
acute sound ; oxygon, a triangle having three acute 
angles ; oa;'ycrate, a mixture of water and vinegar. 
"Oieal'ic, a. Ou^'i/crate, n. •fox'yd, n. 

* Parotid, pertaining to or denoting the parotis, or certain glands below 
and before the ears, or near the articulation of the lower jaw. The pa- 
rotid glands secrete a portion of the saliva. 

t Ovation, in Roman antiquity, " When a victory had been gained with- 
out difficulty or the like, a lesser triunijih was granted called ovatio, in 
which the general entered the city on foot or horseback, crowned with 
myrtle, not with laurel, and instead of bullocks, sacrificed a sheep (ovem) ; 
whence its name." — Adam's Rom. Antiq. 

X Obovate, in botany, inversely ovate ; having the narrow end downwards. 

Ovari', the part of a female animal in which the eggs are formed or 
lodged ; or the part in which the fetus is supposed to be formed. 

§ Oviduct, in animals, the passage for the egg from the ovary to the 
womb, or a passage which conveys the egg from the ovary. 

* Oxalic, pertaining to sorrel or a plant of an acid taste. The oxalic 
acid is tlie acid of sorrel. 

■j- Oj^yd, in chemistry, a substance formed by the combination of a por- 
tion of oxygen with some base, or a substance combined with oxygen, 
witliout being in the state of an acid. 

OXY S64i pjiC 

ex'i/da.h\e, a. o<x'ygen, n. oxyg'enoxx^, a. 

oafydahiViiy, n. ojr'^genate, or ojr'ygon, n. 

ox'y'd&le, or ox'ygtnize, v. ■\0dcy\' oAme, rt. 

ox'ydize, v. ox'ygenated, or ox'ymel, n. 

o^yddted, or ox'ygenized, a. "H^ioxymo'ion, n. 

ox'ydized, a. ox'ygenating, or ox'ytone, a. &. n. 

ox'ydating, or ox'ygenizing, a. ||par'o^^sm, n. 

ox'ydizmg, a. o.r^gena'tion, n. YJixoxys'mal, a. 

cvyda'don, or Ocr'^genizable, a. unox'ygenated, or 

ox'ydizement, n. c^ '^genizement, n. unoa-'^genized, a. 
•o-i-yi-'rhodine, n. 


Pabul-i/m, n. 2. (o ^d.^co), food for cattle, S^c. grass : 
aS;, pab'ulwvn, food, that which feeds, fuel, 
pab'ulnm, n. pab'ular, a. pabula'tion, n. pab'uloixs, a. 

V ACT-US, p.p. (o/* paciscor, v. dep. 3. to hargairi), sti. 
pulated, agreed : as, pactiti'ous, settled hy agree^ 
merit or stipulation. 

com'pact, n. pac'tion, n.. pac^i'ional, a. 

pact, n. paciiti'ous, a. 

T ACT-US, p.p. {of pango^ v. 3. to drive in, or fix), 
driven in, or fixed : as, compact', driven or pressed 
close together, solid, dense ; impacf, to drive close. 
compact', V. & a. covapac'tnxQ, n. mcovapact', a. 
ccv[\pact'\y , ad. %compa'ges, n. incovapac'ttd, a. 

comjoac^'ness, rt. compagifiaUiou, n. recompact', v. 
compuct'ed, a. impact', v. uncornpact', or 

com/)nc/''edness, n. impact'ed, a. uncom^ac7ed, a. 

compac'tlve, a. 

* Oxyrrhodine, a mixtore of two parts of the oil of roses with one of the 
vinegar of roses. 

t Oiyiodine, a compound of the chloriodic and oxiodic acids. 

X Oxymoron, in Greek, a sniart saying, which at first view appears fool- 
ish : in rhetoric, z figure in which an epithet of a quite contrary significa- 
tion is added to a word, — as, crv.d kindness. 

I Tatoxysm, an exasperation ox exacerbation c^ a disease; a. fit oi higher 
excitement or violence in a disease that has remissions or intermissions,— as 
the paroxysm of a fever or gout. 

§ Omipages, a system or structure of many parts united. Compagina- 
tivn, union of parts, structure, connectinn 

PAG 365 PAL 

Pagin-^, /. 1. (a pango), a page or leaf- — -^ng'iudX^ a. 
PaG-OS (TTaiyo?), a hill. 
*AxQop'agus, n. Aveop'agite, n. areopagit'ic, a. 

Vag-us, to. 2. a village ; a canton or district. 
■fPa'ffan, n. & a. pa'^anish, a. joa'^anized, a. 

pa'g2i\\is,\xi, n. pa'geimze, v. pa'ganizing, a. 

Pais or Pays, m. (Fr,) the country. 

peas' ant,n.&.a. /j^as'antlike or p^as'antly, a. peas'antry, n. 

Valmstu-a, f. 1. (urccXata-T^x), a scliool for wrestling y 

a place for exercise — pales' trio., a. pales' trrnn, a, 

PALATi-t73f, n. 2. a mount in Rorne, where Augustus 

Ccesar had his house ; hence a palace or king's house. 

paVace, n. I^pal'atine, n. & a. palat'inate, n. 

pala'tial, a. 

Valat-um, n. 2. the taste, the palate : as, paVatahh 
agreeable to the taste, 
pal'ate, u. & v. pal'atal, a. & n. 
pa I' a table, a. palt'iia], a. unpal'atahle, a. 

pa/'a/ableness, n. 

* Areopagus, literally, the hill of Mars; a seatof i'lstice, or a sovereiga 
tribunal at Athens in Greece, famous for the justiLg^and impartiality of 
its decisions. It was originally held on a hill in the city ; but afterward 
removed to the Royal Portico, an open square, where the Areopagites or 
judges sat in the open air, inclosed by a cord. Their sessions were in the 
ni^ht, that they might not be diverted by objects of sight, or influenced 
by the presence and actions of the speakers. By a law of Solon, no person 
njuld be a member of this tribunal, until he had been archon or chief ma- 
giitrate. This court took cognizance of high crimes, impiety and immo- 
rality, and watched over the laws and the public treasury. See Lempriere's 
Class. Diet. 

t Pagan, a heathen; a Gentile; an idolater; one who worships false 
jrods. This word was originally applied to the inhabitants of the country, 
who on the first propagation of tlie Christian religion adhered to the wor- 
ship of false gods, or reused to receive Christianity, after it had been re- 
ceived by the inhabitants of the cities. In like manner, heathen signifies 
an inhabitant of the heath or woods ; and Caff re, in Arabic, signifies the 
Inhabitant of a hut or cottage, and one that does not receive the religion 
of Mohammed. Pagan is used to distinguish one from a Christian and 
a Mohammedan. — See p. 44. 

%Palatine, pertaining to a palace, also one invested with royal privileges 
and rights. A palatine or count-palatine, on the continent of E'.irope, is 
one delegated by a prince to hold courts of justice in a province, or one 
who has a palace and a court of justice in his own house. In Poland, a 
paiat'ne may be regarded as the governor of a province. 
2 H 2 

PAL 366 PAL 

TaLE-A, /. I. c/(a^—pa'leous, a. *pal'lti,n. joa/ea'ceousj«f, 

Pale-os (TTuXxtog), old, ancient. 
•f-jao/eog'raphy, n. XpaleoVogy, n. paleoVogist, n. 

Palin (rrxXiv), back, again. 

lljoaZ'mdrome, n. pal'inode, or pal'inody, n. 

Pallas, ad-e5_,/. 3. (7r«A>«?,«5o?), Minerva, goddess 
of wisdom y war, S^C. — ^palla'diuTa, n. 

Pall-eo, v. 2. to he pale. 

\rapal'l\dL, a. pale'ness, n. pal'lidness, n. 

pale, a. & v. pal'lld, a. 

palely, ad. palTidly, ad. pal'lor, n. 

VaiAaI-vm, n. 2. a cloak, the outer robe of the Greeks : 
aSj pal'lioXQ, to cover with excuse, to extenuate or 

pall^ n. & V. pcl'liaied^ a. pal'liat'mg, a. 

pallia' t\QT\,n. pal'liatiye, a.&n. 

pariiate, v. 

Palm-^, /. I. the palm or inner part of the hand ; 
the palm-tree ; the badge of victory : as, palmii'er- 
ous, bearing pcdms ; pal'mi'ped, web-footed,— aa 

Avater fowls. 

impalm', v. palm'ated, a. 

palm, n. & v. palmifeious, a. palm'ated, a. 

palm'er, n, pal'miY-ed, a. ■fpal'm]»try, n. 

*palmet'to, n. pa'lmy, a. pal'mister, n. 

palm'ar, a. 

* Pallet, a small bed. f Paleography, the art of explaining ancient 
writings. More correctly, an ancient manner of writing. % Paleologi/, 
a discourse or treatise on antiquities, or the knowledge o£ ancient things. 

g Palindrome, a word, verse, or sentence, that is the same when read 
backwards 01 foriuards ', as, madam, or " Roma tibi subito motibus ibit 
amor." § Palladium, the image or statue of Pallas, goddess of wis- 

dom, war, &c, which was said to have fallen from heaven on the citadel 
of Troy, and that on its preservation depended the safety of Troy ; hence 
any security or protection. 

* Palmetto, a species of palm-tree. In the West Indies the inhabitants 
thatch their houses with the leaves, 

t Palmistry, the art or practice of divining or telling fortunes by the 
lines and marks in the palm of the hand ; a trick of imposture much prac- 
tised by gipiey*. 

PAL 367 PAN 

Valp-o, v. I. to touch gently or softli/, as if feeling i 
parj)ah\e, perceptible by the touch ; plain, obvious. 

\rapal'p&\)\Q, a. pa/'pably, ad. palpa'tion, n. 

impalpahiVity^ n. joo/'joableness, n. pal'phatey v. 
pal'pable, a. palp'dbiVity, n. palpita'tion^ n. 

Tal-us, m. 2. a stake or post. — empale, v. 
palejU.SiV. j9cr/iiica'tion,n. * palisade', 7i.Sc v. pallsdJdiO^n. 

Pan {"xxv), all, whole, (l^'ee Pas.) 

Pan (Uxv), the god of shepherds — ■\Pan,n. pan'ic,7i.&.a. 

Pand-o^ v. 3. to open, to spread, to unfold : as^ ex- 
pand' , to op)en or spread out ; <ei^pans''AQ or ex- 
pans'i\AQ,, that may be spread out. 

disjaanc?', v. expanse'.) n. expan'sion, n. 

e\paus'ih\e, a, expan'sive, a. 

expand', v. ex;jflnsibil'ity, n "^.pandicida' t'lon, n. 

expand'ed, a. expa7is'i\.s, a. nnexpan'ded, a. 

expand'iug, a. 

Van-is, m. 3. bread : as, pan'iry, an apartment oi 
closet where provisions are kept. 

imjoan'ate,a.&u. ^pansi'da, or *pan'niex, n. 

IlirajDana'/ion, ». pana'do, n. pan'tiy, n. 

pan'iiage, n. 

* Palisade, a fence or fortification consisting of a row of stakes or pcstt 
sharpened and set firmly in the ground. 

t Pan, " lieutenant-general of Bacchus in his Indian expedition ; where, 
being encompassed in a valley with an army of enemies far superior to 
them in number, he advised the God to order his men in the night to give 
a general shout, which so surprised the opposite army, that they imme- 
diately fled from their camp ; whenceit came to pass, th^t all sudden fea it, 
impressed upon men's spirits without any just reason, were called by the 
Greeks and Romans, panic terrors." — Potter's Gr. Antiq. Sudden /ea>- or 
terror influenced or agitated by Pan ; a sudden fright without cause. 

%Pandiculation, a yawning ; a. stretching ; the tension of the solids that 
accompanies yawning, or that restlessness and stretchlag that accompanies 
the cold fit of an intermittent. 

II Impanation, the act of embodying with bread; the supposed substan- 
tial presence of the body and blood of Christ, with the substance of the 
bread and wine, after consecration in the eucharist ; a tenet of the Luthe- 
ran church ; otherwise called consubstantiation. 

§ Panada or Panado, a kipd of food made by boiling bread in water, to 
the consistence of pulp, and sweetened. 

* Pannier, a wicker basket ; primarily, a fcreod-baeket, but used for ca^ 
rying fruit or other things on a horse. 

PAN 368 PAP 

Pann-i/S;, m. 2. cloth : as, B.cco\'n'2?a7iy, to go with, 
or attend as a companion on a journey, walk, ^c. 

cKCCom'pnny, v. comjcan'ion, n. ^pan'icXe, n. 
ban'ner, n. comjoan'ionship, n. joa7i'icled, a. 

acconi'/janied, a. comjoa/i'ionable, a- joanic'ulate, a. 
accom'/)anying, a. coiTi^an'ionably,arf.j9anic'ulated, a. 
accom'joanist, n. •\m\pan'nt\, v. \\pan'nt\y n. 
accom'/}ariiment,n. imjoan'nelled, a. unaccom'j9a?iied, a. 
*com'pany, n. & u. im/)a?i'«elling, a. uncom'/janied, a. 

Va.v-as {ficcTTxi), a father: as, jwa'joal, of the Pope. 

antijoa'pal, a. pu'pal, a. po'pery^ n. 

antijoajois'tical, a. pa'pized, a. pa'pist, n. 

papa', n. *Popc, n. po'pish, a. 

%pa', n. pope'dom, n. po'phhly, ad, 

Papaver, n.Z. poppy — papav'eroM^, a. 

Papilio, on-is, m. 3. a butterfly, a moth of various 
colours — papil'io, n. papiliona'ceous, a. 

Vatill-Aj f. 1. (rt papula, /. 1. a pimjyle), a nipple, 
a pap : as, pap'illdry or papil'lous, resembling the 
pap or nipple ; pap'ulo^e or pap'ulow?,, full of 
pimples or pustules ; pap'il, a small pap, 

pap, n. pap'illate, tu 7;a;>'7//=e, n- 

papes'cent, a. papillose', a. pcip'ulosc, a. 

pap'il, n. papil'lous, a. pap'ulons, a. 

pap'illaxy, a. P^ip'py^ «• 

Papp-(7S, m. 2. thistle-down — pap'pow^, a. 

* Company, originally, denotes a band or number of men under one flag 
or standard. In military aflFairs, the soldiers united under the command 
of a captain. Any assemblage of persons ; a collection of men or other 
animals in a very indefinite sense. 

t Impannel, to write or enter the names of a jury in a list, or on a piece 
of parchment called a pannel ; to form, complete, or enroll a list of jurors 
in a court of justice. 

% Panicle, in botany, a species of inflorescence, in which the flowers or 
ft-uits are scattered on peduncles variously subdivided, — as in oats and some 
of the grasses. 

II Pannel, a kind of rustic saddle ; the stomach of a hawk. 

§ Papacy, the office and dignity of the pope or bishop o£ Rome ; pope- 
dom, papal authority. 

* Pope, the bishop of Rome, the head oi the Roman Catholic church. 


Papyu-i/^, /. 2. (TrciTTv^oi), an Egvptian aquatic 
plant or reed, from the inner rind of which paper 
was made ; paper. 

pa'per, n. & v- joa'jo^r-maker, n. pa' per -money , n. 
pa'per-factd, a. pa'per-mil\, n. pap'yrus, n. 

Par, par-?5, a. equal, like, meet, match to: as, par' ~ 
ity, a being equal, like state or degree ; conVpar- 
ah\e, that may be compared, or being of eqzial re- 
gard ; compeer', an equal, a companion, an associate. 
compare', V. -fdispar'age, v. nonpareiV, n. & a. 

com'joarable, a. disjoar'aged, a. ^arisyllab'ic, a. 
com'parahly, ad. dispar'ager, n. par'ity, n. 
"com'parates, n. disjoar'agement, n. pair, ii. & v, 
compar'ative, a. disjoar'aging, a. par, n. 
compa>'utively,axI. dispar'ngingly, ad. peer, n, 
compa'rer, n. disjoar'ity, n. peer'ess, n. 

compa'rcd, a. impar'ity, n. peer' dovcx, n. 

compa'r'mg, a. iricom'/)a?-able, a. peer'age, n. 
compar'isort, n. mcom'para}o\y,ad. peerless, a.' 
compeer', n. & v. incom'/)«3'ableness, peer'le^sly, ad. 
dispair', v. incomyuaVed, a. peer'lei.sness, n. 

Paradigm-.-/ (-Tru^x^-iy/^a, a ttu^x Sc'^uxw^i, to show), 

a showing hi/ the side of J example; model; a pattern. 

par'adigm, n. paradigmat'ical, a. paradig'matize, v. 

Paradis-os {7[-cc^oiaii(roi), a garden of pleasure : as, im- 
par'adise, to put in a place of felicity ; to \T\2k.^happy , 

disjoar'arfizsd, a. im/jar'at/ising, a. par'adised, a. 

impar'adhe, v- par'adise, n. paradisi'aca\, a. 

incijoar'adised, a. paradis'ean, a. 
Parat-17S, p.p. {d paro), prepared. (See P«ro.) 
Pardonn-er, v. (Fr. a per et dono, to give), to for- 
give, to remit, to excuse. 

impar'donable, a. par'donahleness,n. unpar'donahle, a. 

par'don, v. Sc n. par'doued, a. unpar'donahly, ad. 

par'donahle, a. par'doning, a. & n. \XMpar'domd, n. 

par'donahly, ad. par'doner, n. xmpar'donmg, a. 

* Comparates, in logic, the two things compared to one another, 
t Tiisparage, to marry anyone to another of infer iorcor^Anim, to matrh 
unequally ; to injure by union with something inferior iu excellence ; t«» 

PAR 370 PAR 

Par-£o, v. 2. to appear y to become visible: as, ap- 
j)ear', to come or be in sight, to be obvious or dear, 
appear', v. apparid'on, n. transjgaVency, n. 

appea'rance, n. *a\)par'itQr, n. transjoa'rent, a. 

a])pea'reT, n. disappear', v. trans;^a'rently, ad. 

appealing, a. & n. disappcaVance, n. trans^-'a'rentness, n. 
appaVent, a. disap/^eaVing.n&a.untransjoaVentj a. 

apjoaVently, ac?. 

Paries, et-e's, m. 3. the wall of a house — pari'etaX, a. 
Par-io, v. 3. to briiig forth, to beget: as, bijy'arous, 

bring'vcig forth two at a birth ; multip'a?*ous, />;'0- 

diicmg many at a birth. ■ 

bi/?'arous, a. ovip'arous, a. parlu'rient, a. 

deip'arous, a. pa'rent, n. parturitVon, n. 

dorsi/j'arous, a. paren'tal, a. •puer'/'^ral, a. 

gemeUip'arous, a. pa'rentage, n. -j-puer'/j^rous, a. 

gemmij9'arous,a. jl/'flrrenta'tion, n. uniy/arous, a. 

multi/j'arouSj a. /)aren'ticide, 11, vermij^'arous, a. 
^o'virt, a. /'a'rentless, a. wWip'arows, a. 

Xo'vertuxt, n. ^partu'riate, v. birth, n. 

Parl-er, v. (Fr.) to speak, to talk : as,jya?*7ey, to speak 
with another, to confer with an enemy, to treat 
with by words ; p)arole' , given by word of mouth. 

Jim'/Jar/, v. Jlpar'/Jament, w. par'loxxr, n. 

impar'lance, n. parliaxnen'taxy, a. 
par'lauce, n. parIiamenta'nan,n.parol', or 

& a. parole', n. Si, a. 

par'ley, v. Sc n. parliamenteev', n. 

* Apparitor, among the Romans, any officer who attended magistrates 
and judges, to execute their orders. In England, a messenger or officer 
who serves the process of a spiritual court, or a beadle in the university 
who carries the mace. f Overt, open to view, public, apparent, — 
as oi'cr? virtues. In law, an ove7-t act of treason is distinguished from se- 
cret design or intention not carried into effect, and even from words spoken. 

4: Overture, literally, opening, disclosure ; proposal ; something offered 
for consideration, acceptance, or rejection,— as the prince made overtures 
of peace, which were accepted. || Pore?Jtafio72, something done or 

said in honour of the dead. § Parturiate, to bring forth young. 

* Puerperal, belonging to child-birth. f Puerperous, bearing chil. 
dren, lying-in. Xlmparl, to hold mutual disfowr^e / appropriately, 
jn law, to have license to settle a law-suit amicably ; to have delay for mu- 
tual adjustment. y Parliament, in Great Britain, the grand assembly 
ot the three estates, the lords spiritualj the lords temporal, and the eom- 




ap/^ar'elled, a. 
apyyar'elling, a. 
dissev'^r, v. 
dissew'^rance, n. 
dissev'ered, a. 
disseu'ering, a. Sen. 
"fevn'peroT, n. 
eui'pire, n. 
em'joress, n. 

prepaVedly, ad. 
pre/jaVedness, n, 
prepa'rer, n. 
prez-iaVing, a. 

Par-0^ v. I. to make ready, to prepare : as, ap7;<2r'el 
clothing, garments, dress; repair', to restore to a 
sound or good state after decay or injury ; sep^ar- 
ate, to disunite, to divide, to part ; sev'er, to part 
or divide by violence. 

•apjoara'/us, n. impe'riously, ad. 
ajypar'el, n. & v. imjaeViousness, n. 
insejD'«?-able, a. 
insejo'arably, ad. 

insej[;'arablene3s, n.xepair', v. & n. 
insejoffrabil'ity, u. iepair'e(\, a. 
insep'arate, a. Tepair'er, n. 
.inseja'a rated, a. re/;ai>'ing, a. 
inse/)'«rately, ad. re/)'arable, a. 
irre/j'arable, a. 
irre/)'arably, ad. 
[T/^arade'', n. & v. 
para'Aedi, a. 
/)ara'ding, a. 
prejoaVable, a. 

'^iTLiper'o.iive, a, 
im^gr'ativelyj ad. 
imjoeVJal, a. 
imjDcVially, ad. 
imjD^VJalist, n. 
imperiaVitY, n. 
imjoeVious, a. 

rejo'arably, ad. 
repara'tion, 71. 
repar'ative, a. 
sep'arahle, a. 
&ep'a]'ah\y, ad. 
se/^'arableness, 71. 

■p-cepar'ativb, a. 8l^arabirity, n. 
■prepar'atively, ad. sejo'arate, v. & a. 
-prepar'atory, a. sep'arately, ad. 
pre/^aVed, a. se/i'a?-ateness, n. 

mons ; the general council of the nation, constituting the legislature, sum- 
moned by the king's authority to consult on the affairs of the nation, and 
to enact and repeal laws. Primarily, the king may be considered as a con- 
stituent branch of parliament ; but the word is generally used to denote 
the three estates above named, consisting of two distinct branches, the house 
of lords and house of commons. The word Parliament was introduced 
into England under the Norman kings. The supreme council of the na- 
tion was called, under the Saxon kings, the meeting of wise men and sages. 

The supreme council of Sweden, consisting of four estates ; the nobiltti/ 
and representatives of the gentry ; the clergy, one of which body is elected 
from every rural deanery, or ten parishes; the biirghcis, clecud by the 
magistrates and council of every corporation ; and the peasants, elected by 
persons of their own order. In France, before the revolution, a council or 
court consisting of certain noolemen. 

* Apparatus, things provided as means to some end, — as the tools of ar- 
tiz.ans, the/w»-nit'M)-e of a house, instruments oi war. In more technical 
language, a complete set of instruments or utensils, for performing any 
operation. -f Emperor. Imperative, &c. See p. 251. 

X Parade, in military affnirs, the place where troops assemble for exer- 
cise, mounting guard or other purpose; show, ostentation, displaj/ ,• mi- 
litary order, array. 




tiep'ar&tedy a. iep'ar atory, a. &n. unpre/xiVed, a. 

se/?'aratingj a. seuVr, v. unpre/'aVedness, n. 

sejDoraVion, n. seu'eral, a. &.n. unse/)'arable, a. 

se/i'aratist, n. sev'erally, ad. unsep' ar ated, a. 

sep'arator, n. sew'eralize, v. unsev'ered, a. 

Pars, part-es, /. 3. a poj-f, a share, a portion : ?;?, 
par'tiiA, of a part or parti/, biassed to one parti/ ; 
partdXie , to tal<;e b. part, portion, or share of; por- 
^/c'ipate, to take or have a share in common with 
others ; /?«r?ec'ular, pertaining to a single person 
or thing, special; impart', to give, to g7-ant. 

apart', ad. coun'terparl, 71. imparled, a. 

tLpart'ment, n. depart', v. ivnpar'iihle^ a. 

apfor'don, v. depar'ter, n. impar/ibirity, n. 

appor'doned, a. depar'tlng, n. & a. impar'tia.\, a. 

B.Y>por'tion'wg, a. depart'ment, n. iin/?ar'^ially, ad. 

appor'rionraent, n. de/)ar/meri'tal, a. 

appor'tioner, n. depar'ture, n. impariial'ity, n. 

hipar'tihle, or dhpart', v. impart'ment, n. 

hip'artilQ, a. di^par'ttd, a. impar'tvire, n. 

hipar'ticnt^ a. dispar'iing,n.8ca. iin/;ar'dng, «. 

hipar'iite, a. dispro/;or'/!ion,?i&u. impro/)0?-'^ioriable,a 

hipartiti'ou, n. dispro/^or'/ionable, impropor7ionate,o. 

compart', v. dispropor'/ionably, mispro/jor'/ion, v. 

compar'fed, a. dispro/7or7ionable- *pa7-'ce\, n. & v. 
compar'ting, a. ness, n. par'celled, a. 

coxnpart'ment^ n. dispropor'/ional, a. par'celling, a. &.n. 

copar'censixy, n. dispro;?or'/ionally, par'cennry, n. 

copar'cener, n. dhpropor'tlor\?Lie,a.-\-par'cene.x., u. 

copar'ceny, n. dispro/?o/^ionately, :|:^ar*e. v. 

compart'ner, or dispro/^orVionate- part, n. & v. 
coparl'ner, n. ness, n. parl'ahle, a. 

co/'or/'nership, n. ixnparl', v. partly, ad. 

* Parcel, a part, a portion of any thing taken separately ; a quantity, a 
part belonging to a whole ; a small bundle or package of goods. 

t Parcener or Coparcener, a coheir ; one who has an equal portion of the 
Inheritance of his or her ancestor with others. 

4. Parse, in grammar, to resolve a sentence into its elements, or to show 
the several partu of speech composing a sentence, and their relation Uj each 
other by government or agreement. 

par'tiwg, a. &. n. 
partake', v. 
parta'kei, n. 
parta'king, a. & /?. 
partner, n. 
par'iial, a. 
par'iiaMy, ad. 

partiaVity, n. 

par'tihle, a. 
partihiVityi, n. 
pcrWJc'ipable, a. 



p-irdc'ularly, ad. pro^or'/ional, a. 

partic'ulaxiZQ, v. propor'/ionally, ad. 

j>artic'u!ansni, n. propor^ional'ity, n. 

particular'ity, n. pro/)or7ionate,a&v 

par'dsan, n. •'t^n.n^^^^-a net 

pnr'lite, a. 
par'i'ti'ive, a. 
par'tiilvely, ad. 
partilVoxiy n. 
pari!ntx, n. 
/>rtrZ'«ership, n, 
parts, n. 

partic\'pa'i\on, n. 
/yrt?7/o'ipative, a. 

;>ar/zcip'ial, a. 


por7ionist, n. 
'pro/?or7ion, n. & v. 
pro/Jor^ioned, a. 
pro;joj''aoning, a. 

propor'^ionately, arf. 
pro/9or'^ionless, a. 
qaadrip'(Zr/ite, a. 
quadriparii/i'on, n. 
•|Tep«rtee', n. & a. 
superpropor'don, n. 
trip'ardte, a. 
tripar/ifi'on, n. 
un'derpar^, n. 
un/>ar'/ed, a. 

unpor'rioned, a. 

par/zcip'jal, a. propoj"aomng, a. unpropor'/ionable, 

prt?7icip'ially, ad, propor'^ionable, a. unproporVionate, a. 

par'iicle, n. propc'/ionably, acJ. uiipropor'^ionedj a. 

partic'ular, a. & n. propor'/ionableness, 

Parsimoni-^j /. 1. (a parco, v. 3. /o spare), fruga- 
lity, sparingncss. 

jiar'simony, n. parsimo'nio\x&\y,ad. ^arsimo'niousness, 
parsimo'niovDA, a. 

Pas, pan, pant-os (jrotq, tvcx,^^ Trxvrog), all, whole : as, 
joawifog'raphy or jfpaszg'raphy, general description, or 
view of an entire thing ; pani]iQ'oT\, a temple of all 
the gods ; />«?^'urgy, skill in«7/ kinds of work or busi- 
ness ; jca/i'sophy, universal wisdom or knowledge. 
Antijo'a*, n. Pamphyl'ia, n. "^.panace'a, n. 

* Proportion, a comparative relation of any one thing to another,— as. 
Let a man's exertions be in proportion to his strength. The identity or 
similitude of two ratios; symmetry; suitable adaptation of one part or 
thing to another ; equal or just .'/lare; form, size. 

t Repartee, a smart, ready, and witty reply. 

X- Panacea, a remedy for all diseases ; a universal medicine. 
2 I 

PAS 374 PAS 

*/)aH'creas, n. pan'egynzed, a. ^pan'togroTph, n. 

pawcreat'ic; a. joaw'egyrizing, a. pa/jtog'raphy, n. 

pa/i'oply, It. prm^ograph'ic, «. 

•f-/)rt/icrat'ic, a. jyaw'orama, n. jaan^ograph'ical, a. 

jDflncrat'ical, a. j9a?i'sophy, w. joantom'eter, n. 

Jpa/i'dect, 7j. ^ />an/omet'ric, a. 

Ilpaftdem'ic, a, pantelo'gia, 7i. /jaw^omet'rical, a, 

§jDa;idemo'niumj7i. *j»aft'theism, n. \\pan'tovcnxcie,ii.&La. 

Pando'ra, n. /jan'theist, n. ^jrtjz^omim'ic, a. 

/)a«egyr'ical, a. jsantheis'tic, a. joan/omim'ical, a. 

panegyi'ht, n. pantheh'tical, a. pan'urgy, n. 

pan'egyriZQ, v. -{-joartthe'on, n. pa^jg'raphy, n, 

pASCH-y4j /. 1. {7ra,iT)(^ti, a noD^ Heb.) the passover, a 

feast of the Jews; also^ the festival of Easter. 

ante/?as'c^al, a. pas'chdX, a. 
Pasc-0, v. 3. to feed : as, pas' tor ^ one who feeds a 

flock naturally or spiritually ; pas'torsH, belonging 

to shepherds. 

an'tepast, n. depasture, v. pastoral, a. & n. 

archpas'tOT, n. depas'^uring, a. ^pas'iorate, n. 

depas'centj a. pas' tor, n. pastorship, n. 

* Pancreas, a gland cf tlie body situate between the bottom of the sto- 
mach and the vertibers of the loins, reaching from the liver to the spleen, 
and attached to the peritoneum. It is two fingers in breadth, and six in 
length, soft and supple. It secretes a kind of saliva, and pours it into the 
duodenum. -f Pancratic, excelling in all gymnastic exercises ; very 

strong or robust. % Pandect, all the words, aV the sayings. Pan' 

dects, in the plural, the digest or collection of civil or Roman law, made 
by order of the emperor Justinian, and containing 534 decisions or judg- 
ments of lawyers, to which the emperor gave the force and authority of 
law. _ This compilation consists of fifty books, forming the first parts of 
the civil law. A treatise which contains the whole of any science. 

II Pandemic, incident to a whole people, epidemic. 

§ Pandemonium, the assembly of fallen angels. 

» Pantheism, the doctrine that the universe is God, or the system of 
theology in which It is maintained that the universe is God. 

t Pantheon, a temple or magnificeiit editice at Rome, dedicated to ali 
the gods. It is now converted into a church. 

4: Pantngi-aph, a mathematical instrument so formed as to copy any sort 
of drawing or design. ti Pantomime, one that imitatesa// sortsof 

actions and characters without speaking ; one that expresses his meaning 
by mute action. The pantomimes of antiquity used to express in gestures 
and action, whatever the chorus sung, changing their countenance and be- 
haviour as the subject of the song varied. A scene or representation in 
dumb show. A species of musical entertainment. 

§ Pastorate, the office, state, or jurisdiction of a spiritual pastor. 

PAS ojo PAT 

pas'tor-like, or pas'turahle, a. 

pas'iorly, a. -fpas'turage, n. unpas'loral, a. 

"pas'ture, n. & v. repast', v. & n. 
Passer, m. 3. a sparrow — pas'serm^, a. 
Pass-US,, p.p. (a ^dXior), suffered, endured. (SeePatior.) 
V ASS-US, m. 4. (« pandoj v. 3. to spread out or open), 

a pace, a step : as, encoin'pass, to encircle or in- 
close ; surpass', to pass beyond, to excel. 

com'pass, n. & v. jsa'ced, a. past, a. & n. 

coxn'passe^, a. pa'cev^ n. ^pas'fime, n. 

coxn'passmg, a. pass., v. & n. repass', v. 

cncooi'pass, v. pas'sahle, a. repas'sed, a. 

encom'passed, a. pas'sahly, ad. repas'sing, a. 

encom'passing, a. pas'sage, n. surpass'., v. 

encoxn' passTCient,n. pas' sani, a. surjoas'^able, a. 

ixnpas' sable, a. pas'senger, n. surpas'sed, a. 

impas'sahly, ad. pas'ser, n. surpas'sing, a. 

iin^as'sableness,n. pas'sing, a. surpas's\ngly, ad. 

overpass', v. *tres'pass, v. & ii. 

overpas'sed, or passless, a. tres'passer, n. 

overpast', a. Ij^ipass' over, n. tre^'passmg, a. 

pace, n. &. v. Wpass'^^ort, n. unpas'sahle, a. 

Past-c7S, p.p. (a. pasco), fed. (See Pasco.) 
Patell-a, f. I. a dish — patel'lihi'm,a. fpafen\ie,n. 

* Pasture, food, the act of feeding, grass for the food of cattle ; ground 
covered with grass appropriated for the food of cattle. 

f Pasturage, the business of /ceding or grazing cattle, grazing ground; 
lands grazed by cattle; the grass for food. 

t Passover, a feast of the Jews, instituted to commemorate the provi- 
dential escape of the Hebrews in Egypt, when God, smiting the first-born 
of the Egyptians, passed over the houses of the Israelites, which were 
marked with the blood of the paschal l^n-.b. 

II Passport, a written license from a king or other proper authrTJty, 
granting permission or safe conduct for one to pass through his territories, 
or to pass from one country to another, or to navigate a particular sea 
without hindrance or molestation. 

§ Pastime, passing the time, sport, amusement, that which amuses or 
serves to make time pass agreeably. 

* Trespass, literally, to pass beyond ; hence primarily, to pass over the 
boundary line of another's land ; to enter unlawfully upon the land of 
another ; to commit any offence, or do any act that injures or annoys an- 
other. In a moral sense, to transgress voluntarily any divine law or com- 
mand ; to violate any known rule of duty ; to intrude, to go too far, to 
put to inconvenience by demand or opportunity. j i'atellite, fossil 
remains of the patella, a shell. 

PAT 370 I' AT 

Pat-eo (^rari4>), to tread, to icalk : as, patrol', to go 
the rounds in a camp or garrison, — as a guard. 
putrol\ or patrol' ling, a. •penpntet'ici^m, n. 

patroll', n. & tu ^peT\pa(et'ic,a.Si.n. path, n. 

Pate-0, v. 2. to he open : as, pat'ent, spreading or 
opening ; open to the perusal of all. 
putefac'don, n. putentee', n. pat'ent'ing^ a. 

•fpat'ent, a. n. & v. pnt'enied, ct. p t'ulous, «. 

Pater, tr-?*5, m. 3. {Trxrvj^, Trar^oi), a father : as, pot' - 
rnnony, a right or estate inherited from one's fa- 
ther or ancestors ; pa'triot, a lover of his country/. 

anti/)a/riot'ic, a. ^pa'triarch, n. patris'ticai, a. 

Jcompfl/^r'nity, Jt. ]jalriarch'a\, or :!^pa'iron, Tf'triot, n ^a, patri&xch'ic, a. pa'lror\ess, n. 

expa'triate, v. pa'triarchate, or pal'ro?iage, n. 

expa'triated, a. pa'triarchilup, n. pai'ronal, a. 

exjoa/ria'tion, n. pa'triarchy^ n. pat'romze, v- 

expa' Ir iating, a. -fpatrid'ein, a- >^- n. p'lt'roinzer, n. 

impa'lronhe, v. pat'i-imony, n. pat'ro7i\zeA, a. 

pat'tern, n. pntrh-no'r\\ai, a. pal'rGinzmg.) a. 

Il/jar'ricide. n. pa.'?v"mo'nially, ad. pat^ro)iltss, a. 

parrici'da], a. pa'triot, n. ^ a. patrcwym'ic,n. Sj^a. 

parricid'ious, a. pa' trloii^m, n. Sop'aier, or 

pater'naX, a. patriot'ic, a. Sosip'aier, n. 

pater'nity, n, patris'tic, a, unpai'ronized, a. 

%pa'ter-noi-ter, n. fath'er, n. & v. futh'erly, a. 

* Peripatetic, see p. 43. 

t Patent, a writinfj given by the king or the proper authojity, and duly 
authenticated, granting a privilege to some person or persons. 

t Conipaterniti/, the relation of a god-/'(^/it;- to the person for whom he 
answers. | Parrictde, cue who kills or murders \i\s father, or the 

killing or murder of a fatfier. 

§ Paternoster, literally, onr father ; the Lord's prayer, — so called from 
the two tirst words of it in Latin. 

* Patriarch, the father or ruler of a family ; one who governs by pater- 
nal right. It is usually applied to the progenitors of the Israelites, Abia- 
hnm, Isaac, and Jacob, and tlie sons of Jacob, or to the lieads of fami- 
lies before the flood, — as, the antediluvian patriarch". 

t Pat'idan, senatorial, noble, not plebeian. This epithet is derived 
from the Roman Patres, fathers, the title of Roman senators. 

± Patron, among the Romans, a master who had freed his slave, and 
retained some rights over him after his emancipation ; also, a man of dl» 

PAT 377 PAT 

Path-os (ttccSo?, a ■KoLO'y^u, to suffer), feeling : as, an- 
iip'athj, a feeling against, or natural aversion ; 
pathei' ic, affecting or moving the passions oy feel- 
ings, — as of pity, sorrow, grief, &c. 

&ni\p'athy, n. monop'athy, n. pntholog'ical, a. 

antipathet'ic, a. pa'thos, n. patholog'icaWy, cd. 

antipafhel'ical, a. pathet'ic, a. Sc n. pithoVogist, n. 

eLntipathet'ica.\\y,ad.pathet'ica\, a. ||pa^^opoe'ia, n. 

antip'athous, a. pa the i'icaWy, ad. sym'pathy, n. 
*anthro-pop'aihy, n. pathet'\cdi\ms^, it. sympathetic, c 

ap'athy, n. :^pnthog'nomy, n. %ympathet'icd\, a. 

apathet'ic, a. pathognomoiVic, a. sympathet'ical\y,ad> 

honiceop'athy, n. pithoVogy, n. sym'pathize, v. 

hydvop'athy, n. patholog'ic, a. nnpathet'ic, a. 

•\&\x'pathyy n. 

PATiBUL-t/3f_, n. 2. (a pateo, v. 2. to be opened or ex- 
posed), a cross, a gibbet or gallows — patib'ulary, a. 

Pati-or, v. dep. 3. to suffer, to endure, to bear : as 
com/?a55i'on, di feeling or suffering with another ; 
pas'siYQ, suffering, not active ; pa'ti&nt, endurmg 
or bearing evils without murmuring. 
coxn.passi'on, n. disjoas^i'on, n. ixnpassihWiiy, n. 

disjoassi'oned, a. irapassi'on, v. 

dispas^i'onate, o. imjoasi-i'oned, a. 
com/jassi'onate, a. dX^pass'\.'onaiQ\y,ad.\vnpass\.'onaiQ,a&iv. 

& V. exapassVon, v. impas's'wQ, a. 

covnpassVonaitly, empassV onaie, a. impas^sively, ad. 
compassi'onateness,'unpas'sible, a. imjoas'sivenessj n. 

imjoa*'«ibleness, n. impassiv'ity, n. 

tinction under whose protection another placed himself: Hence one who 
countenances, supports, and protects either a person or a work. In canon 
or common law, one who has the gift and disposition of a benefice ; an 
advocate ; a defender ; one that specially countenances and supports^ or 
lends aid to advance, — as patrons of virtue. 

* Anthropopathy, the affections of man, or the application of human 
passions to the Supreme Being. f Eupathy, right feeling, 

± Pathognomy, expression oi the passions j the science of the signs by 
ivhich human passions are indicated. 

li Pathopoeia, the rising of a passion; in rhetoric, a method by which 
iise mind is moved to anger, hatred, pity, ^r. 

2 1 2 




impa'tience, n. passihil'ity, n. /j/iA-'Aiveness, n. 

impu'tient^a. *passVon, n. passiv'iiy^ n. 

im/jrtVJently, ad. -^-passVomry, n. 

incompasi'i'on, 7i. pas/i'onate, a. pn'tieMce, n. 

incomjoa5si'onate,a /ja^si'onately, ad. jia'lient, a. & n. 

incomjoassi'onatelyjjoawi'onateness, n. pa'tiently, ad. 

incom/fa^si'onate- pas^i'onless, a. 
ness, n. passi'onzd, a. 

pas'si\Ae, a. pas'sive, a. unimpassVoned, ci. 

jac^'^ibleness, n. pas'siseiy^ ad. 
Patri-a,/. 1. (ft pater), one^s native country. (See Pater.) 
FaucIj a. few — pau'city, n. pauciMof^^, n. 
Pauper,, a. poor : as, AQpau'perdXQ, to make poor ; 

pau'perhm, the state of being poor. 

I^dispau'per, v. impov'erishcT, n. poor, a, 

depau'perate, v. impov'erishment, ii.poor'ly, ad. Si. a 
depau' per ated, a. impov'erhhad, a, poor'ness, n. 
dtpau'peratiug, a. ixnpov'erhhing, a. poor-spir^ited, a. 
empov'erish, or pau'per, n. poor-spir'itednes^, 

impov'erish, v. pau'perism, n. pov'eriy, n. 

VxY-0,dT\.-is,m. ^. a peacock — \\pa'vOyn. pnv'on'me,a. 

Tax, ipac-is, f. 3. peace : as, pac'ify, to moke peace, 
to appease J to quiet; appease', to make quiet, to 
calm ; pacific, peace-makmg, mild, gentle ; also, 
an ocean. 

appease', v. appea'sahle, a. appea'sive, a. 

appeas'ed, a. appea'sahlene&s, n. impa'cahls, a. 

appea'ser, n. appeasc'vatni, lu 

* Passion, suffering; emphatically, the last suffering of the Saviour; 
the f€elir<g of the mind, or the sensible effect of impression ; excitement, 
perturbation, or agitation of mind, — as desire, fear, hope, joy, gi-ief,love, 
hatred. Mioleut agitation or excitement oi m'mA, particularly such as is 
occasioned by an offence, injury, or insult; hence, violent anger, zeal, ar- 
dour, vehement or eager desire. ^ Passionary, a book in which 
are described t!.e sufferings of saints and-tnarlyrs. 

% Dispauper, to deprive of the claim of a pauper to public support, or 
of the capacity of suing in forma pauperis; to reduce back from the state 
of & pauper, 

I Favo, a peacoch ; a cotutellation in the southern hemisphere, consit t- 
in£ of fourteen f tare ; alco, a,fi4h. 



pac'i£ymg, a. peace^ess, a. 

paca'tion, n. peace, n. j^eace'maktT, n. 

pac'ify, V. peace' -offering, n. repac'ify, v. 

'pacific, a.&n. peace'ahle, a. nn&ippea'sahle, a. 

peace'ahly, ad. unapjoea'^ed, a. 

7>acifica'tion, n. peace'ahlene^s, n. nupeace'ahle, a. 

pacifica'tor, n. peace' -hreakei, n. unj9^ace''ableness, n. 

paciVicatoxy, a. peace'fnl, a. unpacif'ic, a. 

pac'iRtd, a. peace'fully, ad. unoac'ified, a. 

pac'iPier, n. peace'fiilries^, n. nnpeace'inl, a. 

Pecc-0^ v. 1. to do wrovcj, to sin : as, pec'cahle, liable 
to^ or that may s{7i. 

impec'cahle, a. -^peccadil^o, n. pec'cancy, n. 

impeccahil'ity, n. pec'cahle, a. pec'cant, a. 

impec'caucy, n. peccabiX'iiy , n. 

Pect-Oj v. 3. {TTiicrica), to comb, to dress: as^ pec'ti- 
??al^ belonging to, or resembling a comb. 

pec'iliicite, or pectina'tion, n. 

pec'tinai, a. pec'tinated, a. ^pec'tinite, 7i. 

Pect-C7S_, QY~is, n. 3. the breast : as, expec'torate, to 
eject from the breast or lungs. 

expec'iorate, v. expectora'lion, n. pec'toral, a. & n. 
ex/:cc7o?-ated, a. expec'torative, a. \\Tpax'apei, n. 
expec'torating, a. expec'ioraut,a. Sin. in pet'io. u. 

PECULI-L^3fj n. 2. (a pecu, cattle), the stock or money 
which a son with the consent of his father, or a 
slave with the consent of his master, had of his 
own ; hence, private projjerti/, what is oiie's own. 

pecu'liar, a. pecu'liarize. v. 

pecu'liaily, ad. pecuUax'iiy, n. 

* Pacific, the appellation given to the ocean situate between America on 
the west, and Asia,— so called on account of its exemption from violent 

t Peccadillo, a slight trespass or offence; a petty crime or fault ; alFO, a 
sort of stiff ruff. % Pectinite, a fossil pecten, scallop or a shell- 

fish, or scallop petrified. _ Parapet, literally, a wall or rampart 

to the breast, or brea»t-n\gii ; but in practice, a wall, rampart, or eleva- 
tion of earth, for covering soldiers from an enemy'f shot. 

PEC 380 PEL 

PecuL-or, v. dep. 1. (« pecii, n. 4. cattle), to steal or 
embezzle the public goods or monei/. 
pec'ulate, v. pecula'tioxi, n. pec'ulator, n. 

Pecuni-^j/. 1. (ct pecu, cattle), money, 
pecu'niavy, a. 

Pedi-^ {TTxi^eicc, ^ TXi?, Tccti^oi, a child), learning : 
a.s, ped'ant, a schoolmaster, or one who makes a 
vain display of his learning ; jt?e(/obap'tism, the 
baptism of infants or of children. 

'cyclope'dia, or peda.gog'ica.1, a. pedan'ticaMy^ ad. 

cyclopedc', n. ped'.agogy, n. ped'antize, v. 

encyclope'dia, or ped'agogism, n. ped'antry, n. 

encyclope'dy, n. ped'ant, n. pedoha^'iism., n. 

•\ped'agogyjiQ, n. & v. pedan'iic, a. pedohap'tist, n. 

pedagog'ic, a. pedan'tical, a. 

Pelag-us, n. 2. the sea : as^ pel'agiG, of the sea. 

"^Archipelago, n. \^pela'git>xiy n. & a. pela'gianhm, n. 
pel'ag'ic, a. 

Pelecan {viXiKctv), pelican, a large bird — %pel'tcan,n. 

* Cyclopedia or Encyclopedia, the circle or compass of the arts and 
sciences ; circle of human knowledge, a general system of instrtt-ction or 
knowledge. Hence, the book or books that contain treatises on every 
branch of the arts and sciences, arranged under proper heads, in alphabe- 
tical order, — as the Encyclopedia Britannica. 

t Pedagogue, a teacher of children ; one whose occupation is to instruct 
young children ; a schoolmaster ; a pedant. 

± Archipelago, in a general sense, a sea interspersed with many isles ; but 
particularly the sea which separates Europe from Asia on the south-east, — 
so named, probably, because being the greatest sea which the ancient Greeks 
were accustomed to navigate, — otherwise called the Mgezn sea. It contains 
the Grecian isles, called Cyclades and Sporades. 

D Pelagian, pertaining to the sea. Also a follower of Pelagius, a monk 
of Bangor, a native of Great Britain, who, in the latter part of the fourth 
century, or at the beginning of the fifth, formed his schism. He denied 
original sin, and maintained the doctrine of free will and the merit of 
good works. § Pelican, a large bird. There are two sorts of 

pelicans ; one lives upon the water, and feeds upon fish ; the other keeps 
in deserts, and feeds upon serpents and other reptiles ; the pelican has a 
peculiar tenderness for its young ; it generally places its nest upon a craggy 
rock : the pelican is supposed to admit its young to suck blood from its 
breast. — Calmet. A glass vessel used by chemists ; ^mtten aJso pellicane 
and pelecan. 


Fell-iS;, /. 3. a skiji or JiiJe. 

*pelisse', n. "^P^^h '^' Xpel'licXe, n. 

Pell-o, v. 1. (obs.) to cally to name: -as, Sippel^lative, 

pertaining to a common name ; aippella'tiou, name. 

a-ppeal', v. & n. \\a-ppellee', n. *mit\pella't\ox\, n. 

apjoea/'able, a. a^pella'tion, n. irrejoea/'able, a. 

aTppel'lativc,a.Si.n. iirepeal'ahly, axL 

ppjoeaJ'er, n. a\rpel'lui').ve\y, ad. xapeal'^ v Si n, 

Rytpeal'ed, a. ai^pel'latory, a. unap/jgff/'able, a. 

appeal'ing, a. ^n-ppcllor', ?i. unrepeal-'edy «. 
appel'lavit, n. & a. 

Pell-0, v. 3. to drive, to strike^ : as, compel' , to drive 
together, or tcrc/e with force ; dispel' y to drive asun- 
der, to disperse ; expzd'&ion, the act oi driving out ; 
repel' lent, drivmg back. 

•\a\>pulse', or "^compella'ilony n. depul'siou, n. 

apjD7.</'sion, n. depul'soiy, a. 

apjow/'^ive, a. covnpul'satory, or dispel', v., compul'sative, a. dispel'led, a. 
cloud-disjt>«r/ing,a com/>u/'.sa^ively, ad dispei'l'mg, a. &. n. 
compel', V. compul'siou, n. expel', v. 

coroptl'led, a. compul'sive, a. expel lihle, a. 

compei'ling, a. compul'shely, ad. expel'led, a. 
compeVler, n. com/mZ'«iveness, n. expel' kr, n. 

compel' l'\h\e, a. coxnpul'soTy, a. expel'ling, a. 
compel'lihly, ad. compul'sonly, ad. expulse', v. 

* Pelisse, originally, a furred robe or coat ; but the name is now given to 
a silk coat or habit worn by ladies. 

+ Pell, a skin or hide. In England, clerk of the pells, an ofTicer of the 
exchequer who enters every teller's bill on the par':hment rolls, the roll of 
receipts and the roll of disbursements, + Pellicle, a thin skin or Jilm. 

II Appellee, the defendant in an appeal v the person who is appealed ot 
prosecuted by a private man for a crime. 

§ Appellor, the person who institutes an appeal, or prosecutes another fo* 
a crime. This word is rarely or never used for the plaintiff in appeal {ror^ 
a lower court, who is called the appellant. Appellee is opposed both 1> 
appellant and appellor. * Interpellation, a summons, a citation 

interruption ; an earnest address, intercession, 

I Appulse or Appulsion , the act of driving to, or striking agaitjst ; — a 
in all consonants there is an appulse of the organs. 

± Compellation, literally, the act of sendi7ig or driving out the void 
style or manner of addiess, the word of salutation. 

PEL 382 PEN 

expul'slon, n. -propel' I'mg, a. repel'lent,n. 8i,a. 

expul'sive, a. pToptilsa'iion, n. repel'ler, n. 

impel', V. repel' lency, n. 

impel'led, a. propnl'siorx, n. repel'l'mg, a. 

impel'lextt,a.&.n. * pulse, n. repuhe', n. &v. 

impel'ler, n. puls'atc, a. rejDw/s'ed, a. 

impel'ling, a. puln'alile, a. repuls'er, n. 

im'pulse, n. puls'atise, a. repuls'mg, a. 

mipul's.or, n. pulsa'tion, n. repul'sion, n. 

impul'sive, a. &. tu puls'atory, a. repuls'ive, a. 

impul'sively, ad. pulsif'ic, a. iepuls'i\eness, n. 

peal, n. & v, repuls'ory, a. 

propel', V. repel', v. uncoxnpel'led, a. 

propel'led, a. rep£l'led, a, uncomper/ible, a. 

Pelv-js, /. 3. (« pedum levatione, Varro), a basin. 
■\ pel' vis, n. 

Pend-eOjv. 2. to hang: as, depend' ent,hangvi\gdiOvmy 
subject to the power of, at the disposal of; Joe?^'- 
«ilej hangmg, suspended. 

append', v. a.ppend'aut,a.8cn. append'ing, a. 

\\append'age, n. ^append'icle, n. 

append'ed, a. 'append'ix, n. 

* Pulse or Pulsation, in animals, the beating or throbbing of the heart 
and arteries, in the process of carrying on the circulation of the blood. 
The blood being propelled by the contraction of the heart, causes the ar- 
teries to dilate, so as to render each dilatation perceptible to the touch in 
certain parts of the body, — as, in the radial art&ry, &c. More particular- 
ly, the pulse is the sudden dilatation of an artery, caused by the projectile 
force of the blood, which is perceptible to the touch. Hence we say, to 
feel the pulse. The pulse is frequent or rare, quick or slow, equal or un- 
equal, regular cr intermitting, hard or soft, strong or weak, &c. The 
pulses of an adult in health are little more than one pulse to a second ; in 
certain fevers, the numbering is increased to 90, 10(», or even to 140 in a 
minute. The stroke with which a medium is affected by the motion of 
light, sound, &c. ; oscillation; vibration. To feel one's pulse, metaphysi- 
cally, to sound one's opinion ; to try or to know one's mind. Pulse, lite- 
rally, beaten out as seeds; leguminous plants or their seeds ; the plants 
whose pericarp is a legume or pod, — as, beans, peas, &c. 

f Pelvis, the cavity of the body forming the lower part of the abdomen. 

H Appetidage, something added to a principal or greater 
thing, though not necessary to it,— as, a portico to a house. 

§ Appendicle, a small appendix. * Appendix, plur. appendixes, 

(the Latin plur. is appendices), aomeihing appended or added ; an adjunct 
concomitant, or appendage ; more generally, a supplement or sho) t treat ii6 
added to a book 




depend', v. pend'ing, a. 

depend'er, n. 

depend'mg, a. •fpend'iclum, n. 
depend' euce, n. pend'ulous, a. 
depend'ency, n. pend'ulousnes»,n. 
depend'ent, a. Sen- pendulos'ity, n. 
equipend'encj, n. pen'sWe^ a. 
impend', v. pen'si\ene%5, n. 

iropend'ing, a. ijiperjoent/'icle, n. 
irapend'ence, n. perpendic'ular, a. 
impend'ency, n. & w. 


^topense', a. 

■propense'nes!^, n. 

■pTopen'sion, n. 
^ipTopens'ity, n. 
*&uspend', v. 

suspend'ed, a. 

suspend'er, n. 

susjo^nrf'ing, a. 

suspense', n. 

suspens'ih\e, a. 

suspensibWity, n. 

suspen' sion, n. 

independ'ently, ad. ■perpendiculaY'hy,n suspens'ive^ a. 

suspens or, n. 
&Vi?,pens'ory, a.&n. 
uTidepend'ing, a, 
"fyilipend', v. 

independ'ence, n. \\-pTepense', a. 
independ'ency, n. 
*pend'ant, n. ■pTopend' v. 

pend'evice, n. 
pend'ency, n. 
pend'entj a. 

Pend-Oj v. 3. to weigh, to lay out ; to pay : as_, dis 
pensa'tion, the act of weighmg or dealing out to 
different persons or places ; Qif.pend', to lay out^ to 
use^ to spend; to waste. 
"^com'pend, or coxapend'iQw%\ie%s,n 

conxpend'iwxa., n. nampend'iow^, a. 

.ZQvapend'iow'^y ,ad. \^(io\i\' pensaXe, v. 

* Pendant, a jewel hanging in the ear ; any thing hanging by way of or- 
nament; when it signifies a small flag in ships, it is pronounced Pennant. 

t Pendulum, a vibrating body suspended from a fixed point, or any 
weight hung so as that it may easily swing backwards and forwards, — as, 
the pendulum of a clock. The oscillations of a pendulum depend on gra- 
vity, ?Jid are always performed in nearly equ;' times, supposing the length 
of the pendulum and the gravity to remain the same. 

% Perpendicle, something hanging down in a direct line ; a plumb line. 

I! Prepense, preconceived, premeditated. § Propens^ity, a hang- 

ing forward, bent of mind, natural or acquired; inclination ; in amoral 
sense, a'/67>o«?<JoM to any thing good or evil, particularly to evil; — as, a 
prov'msiti/ to sin ; the corrupt propensity/ of the will. 

* Suspend, to hangup, to interrupt, to delay, to stop for a time, to hold 
in a state undetermined. t f^iUpend, to despise. 

4: Competed or Compendium, a brief compilation or composition, contain- 
ing the principal heads, or general heads or general principles, of a larger 
work or system. || Compensate, to give equal value to; to recompense; 
to give an equivalent for services, or for an amount lost or bestowed ; 
to return or bestow that which makes good a loss, or is estimated a suffl- 
cicnt remuneration, — as, to compensate a labourer for his work, oj a mer- 
chant for his losses. 



;3gn'«iveness, n* 
pen'siox], n. &. w» 
;5^«',sioried, a. 
/)e?i',$ioning, a. 
7-'f"7z'sionar3', a. & n, 
pc/t'sioner, n. 
j|per/>ew/', f. 

x&c'ompenseA, a. 
rec'QmpeiLsms-, o. 

nnexpens'ives a. 

com'/)en*ated, a. 6.\%pense\ v. Sen. 

com'pensat'xn^^ a. ddspens'eA, a. 

compensa't'ion, it. dis;;^«i'er, «. 

compcns'at'we^a. disjO(?»^'ing) a. 

coni/K^//s'a/ory, a. expend'^ v. 

eii.pend'iiure, n. 

compense', v. expenae') n-. 

Aypeiid', V. 

Ahpens'ahXs, a. exp^Ms^less, a. 

disjDc/iry'er, n. ex/JCTis'ive. a. 

disJoe/^i'ableness,7^. exjtj^ns'ively, ad. 
*dihpens'ary, n. ex;7e?zs'iveness, n. 

Ahpensa't'ion, n. indispe/i^'able, a. 

dispeusn'iOT, n. indis/j^n.f'ably, ad. unexpend^ed, a. 
•f-dis/;en5'a^ory,?i.&a.indisj9^n«''ableness, undispens'ed. a. 

di»pens'ative, a. :!^pen'si\e, a. unjjen'sioued, u. 

dispens'aiively, ad. pen'si\ely, ad. 

pEN-E, adv. ahnost : as, penult', the last syllahle of a 
word Ijut one ; jcx^^zin'sula, almost an island, 
ante/'fnult', n. ^enin'sulate, v. 
antejt)e;iult'imate,a. joe/iin'sulated, a. joenult'lmate, a. 
•joenin'sula, n. ^^/tin'sulating, a. preante/)^nuk'i- 

pe/Ain'sular, a. penxiX\.\ n. mat^, a. 

Penetr-0;, v.\. (a penitus intrare), to pierce or e;<^er 
«2fo .• as, \n\pen' eti-siW^, that cannot be pierced, 
vcnpen' elra\At, a. peneira\yi\'\.\.y ., n. pen'etrut'we, a. 
impen'etrah]y,ad. pen'eirancy, n. 
impen'etrahleness, peu'elrant^ a. 
impenetrahiVity, ri.pen'elrnte, v. 
pen'etrahle, a. penetra'dovs, n. 

pen'elrativenesSy n. 
jyen'etrated) a. 
pen'elrat'mg, a. 
unpen'elrahle, a. 

* Dispensar!/, a house, place, or store, in which medicines are dispensed 
to the poor, and medical advice given, gratis. + Dispensatory, a 

book containing the method of preparing various kinds of medicines used in 
pharmacy, or containing directions for the composition of medicines, with 
the proportions of the ingredients, and the methods of preparing them. 

% Pensive, literally, thoughti\x\ ; employed in serious study or reflection j 
but it often implies some degree of sorrow, anxiety, depression, or gloom 
of mind; thoughtful and^ad ox surroivinl. (1 Peipe?id, to iveigh 

in the mind ; to consider ,ttentively. § RECompe7)se, to pay back, 

to compensate ; to make return of an equivalent for any thing given, done, 
or suffered,— as, to recom; ,nse a. person fcr services, for fidelity, or for 
eacrifices of time, for loss or damages. To requite, to repay. 

« Peninsula, a portion of kind connected with a continent by a narrow 
neck of land or isthmus, but almoit or nearly surrounded with water. 


pENiT-Eo/or P(ENiT-Eo, v. 2. (a poena, /. 1. pairii 
punishment), to re2)e)2t, to he sorry qx grieved : as, 
Ympen' it^vX, not repent'mg of sin, of a hard heart ; 
pe'nal, belonging to punishment. 

imperi'itence, 11. pains'taking, a. repent'lng, n-Sta. 
impen'itency, n. pe'nal, a. xepenl'ingly, ad. 

impen'iient,a. &n. *pen'alty, n. rspenl'ance, n. 

impen'itently^ad. -fpen'ance, n. repent'a.nt, a. & n. 

iTTepen'ta,nce, n. pen'itence, n. Tepent'cr, n. 

pain., n. pen'iiency, n. Wsuhpce'na, n. & v. 

pain'fnl, a. pen'itent, a. &. n. unpen'iteut, a. 

pain'^nWy, ad. pen'itenily, ad. 

pain'fulueHS, n. joe«i/en'tialj a. & n. unrejo^n/'ant, a. 
pcir/less, a. penitQX\'i\st.xy,n.6%.a.\xnTtpent'e.a., a. 

pang^ n, & t\ "^repent', v. uaxepent'ing, a. 

Penn-^, /. 1. a feather y a wing: as, \v(\pen' now^y 
wanting wings ; hipen^naXe, having two witigs. 

hipen'na.te, a. pen'nate, a. pen'neT, n. 

impe7b'no\x?,, a. jjen'nated, a. jen'nmg, n. 

pen, n. pen'ntd, a. pen'iiUoxm, a: 

Pens-[7S, p. p. (« pendeo), huf?g. (See Pendeo.) 
Pens-us,/).j9 (a-pendu),weiffhed,considered,paid. SeePendo. 
PENT-f; (7eiVTi),Jice: as, jo^^ztocap'sular, having y^i;^ 
capsules or seed-vessels; pentaT^et'slous, having 
Jive petals or flowerJeaves. 

* Penaltj/, the suffering in person or property, which is annexed by law 
or judicial decision to the commission of a crime, offence, or trespass, — as 
a punishment, A fine is a pecuniary penalty. The usual penalties inflict- 
ed 0:i the person, axe whipping, cropping, branding, imprisonment, hard 
labour, transportation, or death. The suffering to which a person subjects 
himself by covenant or agreement, in case of non-fulfilment of his stipu- 
lations; the forfeiture, or sum to be forfeited for non-payment, or for 
non-compliance with an agreement : — as, the penalty of a bond. 

f Penance, the suffering, labour, or pain to which a person voluntarily 
Bubjeits himself, or which is imposed on him by authority as a punishment 
for his faults, or as an expression of penitence, — such as fasting, fiagi'lla- 
tion, wearing chains, Sfc. Penance is one of the seven sacraments of the 
Romish church ; repentance. 

% Repent, to feel pain, sorrow, or regret for somethinjj done or spoken. 
A person repents only of what he himself has done or said 

II Subpcena, a writ commanding •'b: ::.LLeaudnce in court of the person oa 
whom it is served ; — as, witnessta, &c. 

2 K 


386 PEN 

*f>en'tachoTd, n. -^pen'lagyn, n. pentaYthyl lous, a. 

•Ypen'tacoccous, a. pentngyn'ian, a. %pen'taTchy, n. 
ipenUcTOs'tic,a.&^n.1l;:pentahe'dron,n. *pen'taspast, n. 
||;?e«/adac'tyl, n. penta\\e'dra\, or pentas^erm'o\x%, a. 
%pe}c'tagon, n. pentahe' dro\x%, a. pen'tastyle, lu 

/^en/ag'onal, or pentam'eier,n.SLa. -fpeyi'taatich, n. 

penta g'onous, a. \\pe}itan'der, n. +/;e?i'/ateuch, n. 
*pen', n. peyitan' dxiar\, a. \\pen'teco%ty n. 

^en^agraph'ic, a. pentan'gMlax, a. penteco^'is^-j a. 

j?e«iagraph'ical, a. pe/i^apet'alous, a. 

Penuri-j, /. 1. want, scarcity. 

pen'ury, n. penu'riously, ad. pe7iu'riousness, n. 

penu'rious, a. 
Pept-os (TTiTrrog, h 'kztcto), to boil), boiled, concocted, 

digested: as, pep' tic, promoting digestion. 

^apep'sy, n. dyspep'i'ic, a, eupep'tic, a. 

dys^pep'sy, n. *ev\pep'sy, n. pep'tic, a. 

* Pentachord, an instrument of music with^i'C strings. 

\ Fentncoccous (a coccus, in. 2. a berry, the shrub of the purple grain)^ 
having or containing y?i'e grains or seeds, or having five united shells with 
one seed in each. 

X Pentacro.stjf, a set cf verses so disposed as to have^ue acrostics of the 
same name in five divisions of each verse. 

II Pentadactyl, a plant called ^'t'e fingers; also, the ^ve-fingered fish. 

§ Pentagim, in geometry, a figure of five sides and^jye angles; in forti- 
fication, a fort with five bastions. 

* Pentagruph, an instrument for drawing figures in any proportion at 
pleasure, or for copying or reducing a figure, plan, print, &c. to any de- 
sired size. "t^ Pentagyn, in botany, a plant hz.\mgfive pistili 

X Pentahedron, a figure having ^t'e equal sides. 

U Pentander, a plant havingj?re stamens. 

§ Pentarchi', a government in the hands of five persons. 

* Pentaspast, an engine with five pulleys. 

] Pentnstich, a composition consisting of five verses, 
X Pentateuch, the first^ve books of the Old Testament- 
II Pentecost, a solemn /e*<fi'a/ of the Jews,— so called, because celebrated 
on the fiftieth day after the sixteenth of the month Nisan, which was the 
second day of the passover. It was called the feast of weeks, because it 
was celebrated seven weeks after the passover. It was instituted to oblige 
the peoi<le to repair to the temple of the Lord, there to acknowledge his 
absolute dcrr.inicn over the country, and offer him the first fruits of their 
harvest ; also that they may call to mind nnd give thanks to God for the 
law which he had given them at Sinai on the fiftieth day from their de- 
parture from Egypt.— Ca/me<. Also, Whitsuntide, a solemn feast of the 
Church, held in commemoration of the descent of the Holy Ghost on the 
Ap6stles, Acts ii. §Apepsy, defecti\e digestion, indigestion. 

* Eupepsy, good concoction in the stomach, good digestion. 




Uiexpe rtence, n. 
hiexpe'rieucedy a. 
inexpert', a. 
vinexpe'rienceAf a. 
uneXjpert', a. 

Vericul-um or Pkkicl-173/, n. 2. danger, 
per'il, n. & v. per'ilonsly, ad. peric'ulous, a. 

per'Uous, a. per'iiousness, n. 

Peri-oRj v. dep. 4. (obs.) to try, to p'ove : as^ exjf?e/- 
«mentj a single trial; expe'rience, a series of trials ; 
eKperf, taught by trials, skilful. 
exper'imer\i,nSiv. expe'rienced, a. experi'ness, n. 
experimen'ter, ii. exve^riencer, n. 
experimen'tal, a. expe'riencing, a. 
experiinen'ta.Uyyad.expe'rient, a. 
experiwen'ta,\'\&t,ii. expert', a. 
experixnen'ting, a. experi'ly, ad. 
expe'rience, n. & v. 

Periss-os (5Tsg/5-(76?), redundant, superfluous. 
perissoVogy, n. perigso\og'\cs\, a. 

Perpes^ Qi-is, a. entire, wJiole, never-ceasing. 

perpet'u-^, a. perpetuated, a. perpetua'don, n. 

perpei'ually, ad. perpet'ttatmg,a8Ln.perpetu'ity, n. 
periJefuate, v. 

Persever-o, v. 1. to pet'sist, to hold out. 

persevere', v. perseve'r'mg\y,ad. 

perseve'rance, n. perseve'ring, a. 

Person-j^ /. I:a mask used hy players ; a person: 
asj p)er'8ondXQ, to assume the character^ and act the 
part of another y person'i'iy, to give animation to 
inanimate objects. 
\xnper'sondX, a. per'sondble, a. 
imper'sonally, ad. per'sonage, n. 
impersonaVity , n. per'sonaX., a. 
imper'sonate, v. pei-'sonaWy, ad. 
imper'sonated, a. personaVity, n. 
per'ion, n. per'sonate, v. 

Pes, iped-is, m.3. the/hot, afoot: 2L'A,ped'est^, \ki.Qlowest 
part Qx foot of a pillar; pedes' tri?c[\, going on /bo/ y 
^x!ped\iQ, to disentangle the feet, to hasten, to quicken. 
znom'a\\ped,a.&irc. hVped, n. h'xp'edaXy a. 

persona'iion, w. 
persona'tox, n. 
person'iiy, v. 
personi^ca'iion, n. 
person'i^ed, a. 


^cap-a-pie', aJ. pedic'ulous, a. 

fdecem'jDerfal, a. u-nped'iti\e, a. -^ped'i^xee^ n. 

cen'ixped^ n. inc\pe'dience,n. J/Jf'i'iment, n. 

expe dience, n. inexpe'diency, n. pedoxn'eter, n. 

expe'diency, n. inexpe'dient, a. /?ec/omet'rical, a. 

expe'dient, a. & n. muVtiped, n. & a. \\ped\xn'c\t, n. 

expe'diently, ad. paVmiped, a. &. n. perfun'cular, a. 

exped'kate, v. pe'dal, a. & n. pedan'cnlate, a. 

expetfita'tion, n. peda'neous, a. ^pei'iole, n. 

ex'pedite, v. & a. Wped'ate^ a. pei'ioled, or 

ex'peditely, ad. ^ped'aii&d, a. pet'iolate, a. 

expeditVon^ n. ped'esta}, n. pet'ioldr, or 

expediti'ovis, a- pedes'trial, a. pet'iolary^ a. 

expec/izi'ously, ad. pedes'lrian, n. &a. quad'ruperf, n.&a, 

experf'itive, a. pedesUrions, a. ssm'iped, n. 

"X'mnpede', v. 'ped'icel, or semipe'dal, a. 

impeded, a. ped'icle, n. •suppe^/a'neous, a. 

impe'ding, v. ped'iceWate, a. trip'edalj a. 

iwped'imenl, n. pedic'ular, a. 

impet/imen'tal, a. fei'ttV) n. 6l v. paw, n. 

I^EST-JS /. 3. a plague, (destruction, an infection : as 
pes'tej. to trouble, to annoy, to harass. 
antjpgf^jlen'tial, a. fes'lei v, •fpes'tilence, tu 

pest, 't. fes'tsTing, a. pes'tilent, a. 

pes'ter, v. pen'iilently, ad. 

pes'ttTtd, a. pest^onse, n, pesliltr.'tial, a. 

pes'teriniT, a. pestiferous, a. 

• Cap-a-pii^ (Ft.) from head to foot j all over ; — as, armed cnp a-pie. 

t Decempedal, ten feet in length. ^ Impede, to catch or en- 

tangle the feet ; hence, to hinder ; to stop in progress ; to obstruct. 

I Pedate, in botany, divided like the toes. § A pedatijid leaf, in 

botany, is one whose parts are not entirely separate, but -connected like 
the toes of a water-fowl. * Pedicel or pedicle, in botany, the stalk 

that supports one flower only when there are several on a peduncle. 

t Pedigree, literally, the bottom, a stem, stock ; lineage, line of ances- 
tors from which a person or tribe descends : genealogy. An account or 
. register of a line of ancestors. 

^ Pediment, in architecture, an ornament thai ci'owns the ordonnanceg, 
finishes the fronts of buildings, and serves as a decoration over gates, win- 
dows, and niches. It is of two forms, triangular and circular. 

Q Peduncle, in botany, the stem or stock that supports the fructification 
of a plart, and of course the fruit. § Petiole, in botany, a leaf- 

stalk; the/^of-stalk of a leaf. *SMpperfaMeotw, being under the /ee«. 

t Pestilence, plague, appropriately so caJled ; but in a general sense, any 
contagious or infectious disease that is epidemic and mortaL 




PjiTAL-OiV (TTiry-Aov, a -TTiTxa, to expand), a flower^ 
leaf: as, 2Lpet'ah\i%\\2iN\Xig\i<dj)CtalsQY flower -leaves. 

ape/'aloufi, a. 
h'\/>ei'alous, or 
dipel'alous, a. 
ntonopei'ulo\.\s, a. 
octopei'alous, a. 
pentdpei'alona, a. 

pei'al, M. 
pet'alism, n. 
pet'aicd, or 
pei'alons, a. 
pet'aline, a. 
"fei'alite, n. 

"fpet'aloid, a. 

pet'al- shaped, a. 
:}:plani/;^^'a/ous, a. 

polypei'alovLSj a. 

tupet'alons, a. 

tetrapet'alo\xs, a. 

Petit, «. (Pr.) little, small : as, petty, little, inferior, 
pel'licoat, n. pet'ty, a. underjoe/Vicoat, n. 

Wpel'iifoggeT, n. pet' tineas., n. 

Pet-o, v. 3. to seek, to ask : as, ai^'petence, a seeking 
to, desire ; compete', to seek or strive for the same 
thing as another; petition, a seeking, request 
supplication qy prayer. 

ap'pe'/ence, n. 
ap7>^^ency, n. 
ap'/JSif'ent, a. 
ap'pelVaXo., a. 
apjo^/ibil'ity, n. 
§ap'j)e^ite. n. 

ap'petitive, a. 

a\ypeiize, v. 
ceutrip'etal, a. 
*compat'ih\e, or 
compet'ihle, a. 
compat'ihly, ad. 

cova'petence, n. 
com'petency, n. 
covn'peient, a. 
com'petenily, ad. 
competiti'on, n. 

comjo^^'ibleness, n. coxnpet'itor, n. 
compalihiVity, n. coxi\pel'itxt%%, n. 
compete', v. compet'itory, a. 

compe'ting, a. -finVpetus, n. 

* Pctalite, a rare mineral occurring in mosses, having a foliated struc- 
ture ; its colour milk-white, or shaded with gray, red, or green. The new 
alkali, lithia, was first discovered in this mineral. 

t Petaloid, having the form o£ petals ox flo%ver-leaves. 

% Planipetalous, fiat-leaved. || Pettifog-ger, an inferior at- 

torney or lawyer who is employed in small or meati business. 

§ Appetite, literally, a seeking to ; the natural desire of pleasure or 
good ; the desire of gratification, either of the body or of the mind. Aii- 
petites are passions directed to general objects, — as, the appetite for fame, 
glory, or riches ; in distinction from passions directed to some particular 
objects, which retain their proper name,— as the passion of love, envy, or 
gratitude. Passion does not exist without an object ; natural appetites ex- 
ist first, and are then directed to objects. A desire of food or drink ; a 
painful sensation occasioned by hunger or thirst ; strong desire. Appetites 
are natural or artificial. Hunger and thirst are natural appetites ; the ap' 
petites for tobacco, snuff, &c. are artificial. 

* Compatible or competible, literally, that may be sought with, consist- 
ent, that may exist with, suitable. 

f Impetus, literally, a seeking or rushing on, force of motion ; the force 
with which any body is driven or impelled ; the force with which one body 
in motion strikes another. 

2 K 2 

PET 390 PiiA 

Imptf/'uons, o. incom'jpe/ent, a. repeat', v. 

imj^c^'Mously, ad. Incom'pe/ently, ad. repeat'er, n. 

irajof/'uousuess, n. petiti'on, n. &. v. repeat' pA, a. 

impetuo^'iiy^ n. petitVoneT, n. xepeal'e^Xy, ad. 

inap'pe^ence, n. peiitVon^ry, a. repeat'ing, a. 

ina.Tp'petency, n. peiiti'onarily, ad. lepeter.d', n. 

incom/jrt/'jble, a. pefAtionee', n. repetition, n. 

incompat'ih\y, ad. petitV ovimg, a.&.7i. 
incom/ja^ibirity, 71. repelitVonary, a. 

incom'petency^ n. 

Petr-^, /. 1. (Ti-ir^x), a rock J a stone: as, petrifac' - 
tion^ the process of changing into stone. 
Pe'ter, n. petri^&c'i'ion, ti. petro'leum, n. ^ 

pe'ire, n. p(^trifac'ti\e, a. petrol' ogy, n. 

petres'cence, n. petriRca,'tion, n. -j-p^^Vosilex, n. 
petres'ceBt, a. petrii'ic, a. /Je/rosilici'ous, a. 

petre'an, a. pe'trons, a. ^^ialtpe'tre, n. 

pet'rify, v. "pe'irol, or unjtj^^Vified, a. 

pet'rivxed, a. 

PETR-oybr Patr-Oj v. 1. (o pater), to comynit, to efect 
to act in an ill sense. 

^er'pei7'ate, v. ^er'peti-atox, n. per'petrat'mg, a, 

■perpetra'lion, ». -psr' petratsd, a. im'petratey v. 

PetulanSj nt-iSj a. saucij, wanton. 

pet'uhnt, a. pet'uldXice, ». pet'iddncy, n. 

pet'ulantly, ad. 

Phag-0 {(pxyu), to eat: as, anthropoj9/i'«yi_, vaQn-eaters, 
cannibals ; phageden'ic, eating or conWing flesh. 

IJacridopA'a^us, n. authxo-poph'ag\,n. §ichthyo/?^'fir_g'y, to. 
&ndiroph'ag\xs, 11, &xii\ixo^oph'agy^ n. ichthyopA'a^ous, a. 
anihroY)oph'agous,a.phagedeJi'ic, a.&Ln. 

* Petrol or Petroleum, rock oil, a liquid inflammable substance, or bitu- 
men, exuding from tlie earth, and collected on the surface of the water 
in wells in various parts of the world, or oozing from cavities in rocks. 
This is essentially composed of carbon and hydrogen. 

+ Petroxilex, rovkstone or flint. % Saltpetre, a neutral salt formed 

by the nitric acid in combination with potash, and hence denominatcc) n»- 
trata of potash. It is found native in the East Indies, in Spain, in Naplsi, 
and other places. 

I Aeridt>phafv-» {ab i.»,»i(, -i^»t< « loeuat), an eater of locust*. 

I lehthyophagy, the practice of eating fiih. 

PHA 391 PHA 

•sarcop/i'a^}', n. -f&aTCoph'agvis, n. X^croph'agy, n. 
sarco/?A'a^ous, a. 

Phalanx, g-is,f.3. {(pxAayl), a troop of men ar^ 
ranged in close Jiles. 
Wphal'anx, n. phal'angite, n. ^phalan'gious, a. 

Phan-o or Phen-o ((poiivwj d (pau, to enlighten j to say or 
telV), to appear^ to bring to light, to show : as, pheno- 
menoVogy, a description or history o^ phenomena ; 
iproph^ecy, a fore?e//ing, pre^/c7ion ; preaching, 

aut'iinopk'et, n. diB.phan'\c, a. fan'ciful, a. 

•apoj»/i'o«is, n. diaphane'ity, n. /an'cifully, ad. 

axch])Toph'et, n. txn'phas'i^, n. yan'cifulness, n. 

hl-d&'phemy, n. era'phasize, v. fan'cying, a. 

blaspheme', v. emphat'ic, a. hi'erophant^ n. 

Wa&phe'mQX, n. ^mphat'ical, a. ||joAa7i7asra, or 

'b\a%phe''mmg,ji&ia.exi\phat'ica\\y, ad. /ara'/asm, n. 

blasjoAemous, a. -f-epijoA'any, n. phantas'ticj or 

hlas' phemoufily, ad. XGu'phemhui, n. /an/as'tic, a. 

diaph'anous, a. fan'cied, a. />Ao7tfas'tical, or 

* SarcopJwgy, the practice of eating flesh. 

\ Sarcophagus, a species of stone used among the ancient Greeks in their 
tculptures, v;hich was so called, because it consumed the flesh of bodies 
deposited in it within a few weeks. Hence a stone coflfin or grave, in which 
the ancients deposited bodies which they chose not to burn. 

jj; Xervphagv, the eat'mg of dry meats,— a sort of feast among the primi- 
tive Christians. 

II Pkttlanr, in Grecian antiquity, a square battalion or body of soldiers, 
forjiied in ranks and files close and deep, witli their shielils joined, and 
pikes crossing each other, so as to render it almost impossible to break it. 
The Macedonian vhnlana-, celebrated for its fonn, consisted of 8'X)0 or 
16,00() men ; but smaller bodies of soldiers were called by the same name. 
Any body of troops or men formed in close array. § Phalangious, per' 
taining to the genus of spiders denominated (focXttyytev; phalangium. 

* Apophasis, in rhetoric, a waving or omission of what one, speaking 
ironically, would plainly insinuate, — as, " 1 will not mention another ar- 
gument, whichj however, if I should, you could not refute." 

■f Epiphany, a Christian festival celebrated on 6th Jan. the 12th day after 
Christmas, in commemoration of the appearance of our Saviour to the 
wise men or philosophers of the east who came to adore him with presents ; 
or of the manifestation of Christ to the Gentiles. The Greek fathers use 
the word for the appearance of Christ in the world, the sense in which 
Paul uses the word, 2 Tim. i. 10. 

X Euphemism, in rhetoric, a figure in which a harsh or indelicate moid 
or expression is softened, or rather by which a delicate word or expression 
n suhstituled for one which is offensive to good manners, or to delicate cais. 

\ Phantasm or fantasm, Phantasy or fancy, Phantom or fa mom, that 

PHA 392 PHA 

/an/as'tical, fl. \\phenogani'[a.x], a. prophel'ics.}, a. 

pha}ila.s'tic-A\\y,or phenomenoVogy, pro/'^g^'ically, ad. 

/an^as'tically, ad. ^phenom'enou, it. Ytioph'ei-Vike, a. 

phuntem'ticsiiiiesSyOr *pTo'phasis, n. 

/an^as'ticalness, n. Y>roph'ecy, n. pseudopro/j/i'g/, n. 

phantom, or iproph'esy, v. -fsyc'D/'haHt, n. 

fan' lom, n. -proph'esied, a. sycophait't'ic, a. 

phan'tasy, or lyroph'esier, n. sy cop h an' tical, a. 

*fan'cy, n. •proph'esy\ng,a.Sin.&yc'ophancy, n. 

■fphce'lon, n. ^troplt'et, n. syc'ophanlize, v. 

^phase^ or proph'e(es,s, rt. syc'ophantry, n. 

pha'sisj n. prophet'ic, a. \'anous, a. 

Pharisees (« 0*13, to separate), a sect of the Jeics. 

XPhar'isee, n. pharisa'ic, a. pharisa'ic2^.nt%%, n. 

pharise'an, a. pharisa'ical, a. j^hai i^aism, n. 

which appears to the mind, the image of an external object, — hence an 
idea or notion. It usually denotes a vain or airy appearance, a spectre or 
apparition. * Fancy, the facul ty by which the mind forms images or repre- 
sentations of things at pleasure. It is often used as synonymous with ima- 
^ituition i but imagination is rather the power of combining and modify- 
ing our conceptions Stewart. An opinion or notion ; taste, conception, 

image, thought; inclination, liking; caprice, humour, whim. 

t Phcpton, in mythology, the son of Phoebus and Clymene, or of Cepha- 
lus and Aurora, that is, the son o{ light or of the sun. This aspii ing youth 
begged of Phoebus that he would permit him to guide the chariot of the 
sun, in doing which he manifested want of skill, and being struck with a 
thunderbolt by Jupiter, he was hurled headlong into the river Po. This 
fable probably originated in theappearanceof a corned with a splendid train, 
which passed from the sight in the north-west of Italy and Greece. An 
open carriage like a chaise, on four wheels, and drawn by horses. In or- 
nithology, a genus of fowls, the tropic bird. 

^ Phase or Phasis, an appearance; appropriately, any appearance or 
quantity of illumination of the moon cr other planet. 

II Phenogamian, in botany, having the essential organs of fructification 
visible. § Phenomenon, an appearatice, any thing visible; whatever 

is presented to the eye by observation or experiment, or whatever is dis- 
covered to exist,— as, the phenomena of the natural world ; the phenomena 
of the heavenly bodies, or of terrestrial substances ; the phenomena of heat 
or of colour. It sometimes denotes a remarkable or unusual appearance. 

* Prophasis, in medicine, prognosis; foreknowledge of a disease. 

+ Si/cophnnt, originally, an informer against those who stole figs, or ex- 
ported them contrary to law, &c. Hence in time it came to signify a tale- 
bearer, or informer in general ; hence, a parasite, a mean flatterer, espe- 
cially of princes or great men ; hence a deceiver, an impostor. Its most 
general use is in the sense of an obsequious flatterer or parasite. 

X Pharisee, one of a sect among the Jews, whose religion consisted in n 
strict observance of rites and ceremonies, and of the traditions of the eld- 
ers, and whose pretended holiness led them to separate themselves as • 
sect, conslderijig themselves as more righteous than other Jews. 

piiA 39;^ FHa 

Phar.m Ac-oA'(^«:,f i'.ftjKov), a medicine or drug : QB,phar^ 
tJiaceif't'icS) the science or art of preparing medicines, 
*a\exiphar'mic,a8i.npharmaceu'liC3X\y, phar'macovy, n. 
pharmaceu'lics, n. jjJiarmacoVogy, n. pharmaco-p'oYist, n. 
pharmaceu' tic, a, pharynacoY oght, n. '^phar'macy, n. 
pharmaceu't\cdl,a. -fpharmaco-pce'ia, or 

Pharynx, iig-o*- {(px^vyl, yo-,), thegidlct,the wind-pipe, 

Wpharyngoi'omy, n. pha'njnx, n. 
Phenix ('poivil), ike fabidous bird which is supposed 

to exist single, and to rise again from its own ashes; 

also, the palm-tree ; red. 

phe'nijp, n, Phenic'iAU, a- Sin. SyTO-phenic'ian,a. 

Pheriic'ia, n. 

Fke'n-o {(pxiv(-}),to sat/,to tell ; to appear. {SeePhano.) 
Fhern-e {(Pi^vi), a (pi^cj, to h'ing), the dowry qx other 

property brought by the wife — ^^^^x^^pherna'VvQLj n. 
PiiER-o {^(pi^cS), to carry, to bear, to bring : as, peri- 

ph'ery, a carrying round, a circumference ; pliyl- 

hph'orous, leaf-bearing. 

advdph'oiy, n. ■fa,naph'ord,n. dlaphoref'ic,a.8cn. 

*adlaph'orous, a. :!^diaphore's\ts, n. dXap hare I' ica\, a. 

* Alexiplwrmic, expelling poison, antidotal ; that has the quality of ex- 
peiiing poiion or infection by sweat. 

+ Phar?nacopa>ia or Pharmacopi/, a dispensatory ; a book or treatise de 
scribing the preparations of the several kinds of medicines, with their uses 
and manner of application. 

$ Pharmaci/, the art or practice of preparing, preserving, and compound- 
ing substances, whether vegetable, mineral, or animal, for the purposes of 
tnedicine ; the occupation of an apothecary. 

U Pharyngdtomy, the operation of making an incision into the pharr/nx 
to remove a tumour or any thing that obsuucts the passage. 

§ Paraphernalia, the goods which a ivijv brings with her at her inar- 
xiage, or whiih she possesses beyond her dower or jointure, and which re- 
main at her disi^'osal after her husband's death. .Such are her apparel and 
her ornaments, over which the executors have no control, unless when the 
assets are insuflficient to pay the debts. — Biackston^. 

* Adiaphorous, indifferent, neutral. "'' 
t 4naphora, a figure in rhetoric, when the same word or words are re- 
peated at the beginning of two or more succeeding verses or clauses of a 
sentence,— as, " PVhere is the wise? Where is the scribe? Where is thedis- 
jHiter cf thi". world." Among piiysicians, the discharge of blood or puru- 
lent matter by the mouth. 

X liiaphoresis, literally, a carri/ing through ; augmented perspiration ; 
or fin elijnination of tlie humours of the body through the pores of the skin. 

Pill 394? I'lii 

*ep\ph'ora, n. perijy/t<?r'ical, a. phos/y/iores'cent, a, 

■fntet'sLphor^ n. ■phos'phor, or phos/j/jores'cing, a. 

nieta/y/?o>'ic, a. pho^'phorus, n. phos/>/io?'ic, a. 

meti)pJio7-'ica], a. phos'/^^ojate, v. phos'/?/iorite, n. 

meta/^/jo?"'ically, G(/.phos';iAorated, a. phosp/io?-it'ic, a. 

Viiet'aphorl^t, n. phos'/^Aorating, a. phy]lo;;/j'wous, «. 

'^]yeriph'erj, n. phos/>/ioresce', v- zooph'orusy n. 

-penph'erAly a. phosp^ores'cence,n \\zoophor'\c^ a. 

peri^A^r'icj a. ■pros'per, v. prosper'ity, n. 

Philipp-o'S;, m. 2. {(piXiTTTTog), king of Macedonia, 
^philip'pic, n. phil'ippize, v. 

Phil-os ((piXog), a lover : as_, j»Az7an'thropist, a lover 
of mankind ; jC/^z'/os'ophV;, the love of wisdonm j 
Theopk'ilus, a /oyer of God. 
a/?^i/an'thropy, 7i. pAzYan'thropy, n. 
arcli;;Ai/os'opIier,n. pA?/an'thropist, n. philoVoght, n. 
•PAw'aderphia, n. phil3Xiihro\>'\.c, a. philolog'ic, a. 
p^i/adel'phian, a. pA?7anthrop'ical, a. philolo g'ical, a. 
& n. •fphiloVogy, n. philoVogas, n. 

* Epiphora, the watery eye ; a disease in which the tears, from increas- 
ed secretion, or an obstruction in the lachrymal duct, accumulate in front 
of the eye, and trickle over the cheek. 

t Metapbcr, a short similitude ; a similitude reduced to a single word ; 
or a word expressing gimilitude without the signs of comparison. Thus, 
" that man is a fox," is a metaphor ; but " that man is like a fox," is a 
similitude ox comparison. In metaphor, the similitude is contained in the 
name ; a man is a fox, means, a man is as crafty as a fox. So we say, a 
rnan bridles his anger ; beauty awakens love or tender passiors ; opposi- 
tion .^'/-es courage. See p. 42; also the Author's " Outlines of English 

t Periphery, the circumference of a circle, ellipsis, or other regular cur- 
vilinear figure. 

II The zoophoric column is one which supports the figure of an animal. 

§ Philippic, an oration of Demosthenes, the Grecian orator, against 
Philip, king of Macedon, and father of Alexander the Great, in which 
the orator itiveighs against the indolence of the Athenians. Hence the 
word is used to denote any discourse cr declaration full of acrimonious 
invectives. The fourteen orations of Cicero against Mark Anthony are 
also called Philippics. 

* Philadelphia, a city and country of North America, — so called, from 
tjfe brotherly love of its first inhabitants, who were of the sect called Qua- 
kers, or Society of Friends. 

t Phih'og!/, primarily, a love of words, or a desire to know the origin 
and construction of language. In general sense, that branch of literature 
\vhich comprehends a knowledge of the etymology or origin, and combina- 
tion uf words ; grammar, the construction of sentences or use of words in 
language ; criticism, the interpretation of authors, the affinities of diffe- 
rent languages, and whatever relates to the history or present state of Ian- 
^uags. It sometimes includes rhetoric, poetry, history, and antiquities. 

PHL 395 PHL 

philos' opher, n. -fphil'ieT, n. & v. 
phil'omath, n. philosoiph'ic, a. iheophilsLn'thropy, 
pAi/om'athy, n. p^i^soph'ical, a. theo^^i^an'thropist, 
philomath'ic, a. philof^oph'ica\\y,ad. Theoph'ilus, n. 
phi'lomel, or pAi/os'ophism, ji. uny/iiVosoph'ical, a% 

philome'la, a. philo&'ojihistj n. un/;Ai/osoph'ically, 

phi/omn'sical, a. pAi/osophis'tic, or unpAJ/osoph'ical- 
p^i/opolem'ic, a. pAi/osophis'tical, a. ness, n. 
*philos'oTphy, n. pAiVos'ophize, v. un^^i/os'ophizej v. 
^Ai/os'ophizing, n. Sea. 

Phlegm-^ {(pMyf^a, d cpXiya, to burn), a burning ; 
a causing hy coction a watery humour in the body ; 
hence, dullness : as, dejjhlogis'ticate, to deprive of 
phlogiston, or the principle of inflammability, 
ant] phloffis' tie, a. phlegmat'xcaWy^ad. 

& n. (iephlogis'ticate,v. %phleg'mon, n. 

a])ophlegmat'iC) a. dephlogis'iicated^a.phleg'monon^, a. 

& n. \e.\icophleg'macy,n. *^phlogis'ton^ n. 

a'pophleg'matism,n'\e\xcophlegmal'ic, a.phlogis'iian, n. 
dephlegm', or \\phlegm, or phlngis'tic, a. 

^dephleg'mate, v. jtlegm, n. phlcgis'ticate, v. 

dej}hlegma' iioa, n. phlegmat'ic, a. phlogistlca'tion, n. 

* Philosophy, literally, the love of wisdom. But in inodern acceptation, 
philosophy is a general term, denoting an explanation of the reasons of 
things ; or an investigation of the causes of phenomena both of mind and 
of matter. When applied to any particular department of knowledge, it 
denotes the collection of general laws or principles under which all the 
subordinate phenomena or facts relating to that subject are comprehended. 
Thus, that branch of philosophy which iro;its of God, iVc. is called theo- 
lof^y; that which treats of nature is called pl/ysics or natural jMlosophy ; 
that which treats of man is called logic and ethics, or nio.-nl philosophy , 
that which treats of the mind is called intellectual or mental philosophy, or 
metaphysics. The objects of philosophy are to ascertain facts or truth, 
and the causes of things, or their phenomena ; to enlarge our views of 
God and his works, and to render our knowledge of both practically use- 
ful, and subservient to human happiness. [ Philter, a potion 
intended or adapted to excite love,- s. ch;iim to excite love. 

^D'iphlegmate, to deprive oi superahundant water, — as by evaporation 
or distillation, — used of spirit and acids ; to clear spirit or acids of aqueous 
matter ; to rectify. 

II Phlegm, co\'^.?\ fluid ; watery matter ; bronchial mucus : dullness, 
coldness, sluggishness. 

§ P/i/eg- wow, an external inflammation andtum.our, attended hy hurning 

* Phlogiston, the principle of inflammability ; the matter of fire in com- 
position with other bodies. 




pklebot'omize, v. ■\-phle7ne, or 
Jleam, n. 

PiiLEBS, phleb-^5 {9Xi^^,((>Xi,&!^^,h<p>^iu,toJlow), a vein. 

'phlcbot'omyj n. 
phlebot^omht, n. 

Pi] OB-OS {^o/2oi, a (poozofiois, to fear) , fear ^ dread. 
±hydro/)7io'6ia, or hy'drophoby, n. hydro^j/io'^ic, a.. 

PiioN-£ {pmA)y a sound; voice; a, word: 2i?>,'- 
ony, a loss oi voice, dumbness ; d^ys'jj/wny, a diffi- 
culty 0^ speaking ; phonoV ogy, a treatise on sounds. 

\\?i\Vi\phon, or *ecphone'sis, n. phonoVogy, n. 

e-piph'onem, or 

epip/ione'ma, n. 
•feu'phony, n. 

t\i.phon'\c, a. 

eu^/jo/i'ical, a. 
'^mVcrojihone, n. 

phon'ics, n. 

antiph'ony, n. 
aTitlph^onal, a. 
antiph'o7ieT, n. 
anti/j^on'ic, a. 
antijp/io/i'ical, a. 
aph'ony, n. 
cacoph'ony, n. 
gcatap/io/i'ics, n. 
dys'phony, n. 

phonolog'icsl, a. 
*polyjD^'onism, or 

yolyph'ony, ?/. 

Y)o\ypkon'ic, a. 
■fsy^i' phony, n. 

syrci' phomze, v. 

sympho'nious, a. 

||»^o«ocamp'tic,a. :J:tautojo^'o7iy, n. 
^pkoi'olite, n. phonet'ic^ a. 

Phor-eo {(p^e^sc'J, d <p--%'-'>), to carry, (See Fhero.) 

* Vhlehotomy, the art or practice of opening a vein for letting blood, for 
the cure of diseases, or preserving health. 

f Phleme or Fleam, in surgery or farriery, a sharp instrument used for 
opening veins for letting blood. 

% Hydrophobia, a preternatural dread of water ; a symptom of canine 
madness, or the disease itself, which is thus denominated. This dreed of 
water sometimes takes place in violent inflammations of the stomach, pnd 
in hysteric fits. II Antiphon or Antip]io7iy, the 

chant or alternate stngingin choirs of cathedrals. 

^Cataphonics, the doctrine of reflected sounds, a branch of acoustics. 

* Ecphonesis or Epiphonem, literally, the act of calling aloud, or by 
name ; a figure in rhetoric, exclamation, a vehement utterance of the 
voice to express strong passions,— as, O dismal night ! 

t Euphony, an agreeable sound ; sn easy, smooth enunciation of sounds: 
a pronunciation of letters and syllables which is pleasing. 

I Microphone, an instrument to augment small sounds ; a microcoustic. 

i PhonocGtnptic, having the power to inflect sound, or turn it from its 
direction, and thus to alter it. § Phonolife, sowjiding-stone. 

* Polyphonism or Polyphony, multiplicity of so2inds, — as in the rever- 
berations of an echo. 

t Symphony, ?. consonance or harmony of sounds, agreeable to the ear, 
whether the soimds are vocal or iiistiumenta), or both. 
i Tautophonj/, a repetition of the same sound. 

VtiO ^97 PIIR 

Phos^ phot-OS ((p^i, ^urQi),li(jht,fire: as, pkos'geue, 
generating li(//it ; photoV ogy, the doctrine or science 
of light. 

*/jAos'phate, n. §/)7iO*phoresce', v. jo^o«'phuretted; a. 

phos'-phiit, n. phosphoves'cence,n.photoVogy, n. 

phos'gene, a. phos-phores'cent, a. phoiolog^icy a. 

i-jD^o^'pholite, n. jo/io^phores'cing, a. phoiolog'icdl, a 
iJrjD/ios'phor, or phosphoj/ic, a. photom'eteTy n. 

;3^o«'phorus, 7i. "/^Ao^'phorite, n. phoiomet'nc, a. 
||/)^os'phorate, v. jo^o^phorit'ic, a. photomet'iical, a. 

phos'phoiated, a. phos'yihorous, a. phoionom'ics, n. 

joAos'phorating,a. •j-joAos'phuret; n. 

Phras-is (ipgflto-f?, a <p^o(.(!^a, to sa?/), a saz/inff, speech, 
expression : as, ixmi' -dphrase, a verbal translation 
of one language into another. 

:{:anti/)^Vasis, n. -p^XT'siphrast, n. p&nphras' t'lcdil, a. 

?LXitiphras't'\c, a. pzxsLphras't'ic, a. perijoAra^'^ically, 

Siiitiphras'ticaX-i a, paxaphras't'icaXya. phrase, n.&.v. 

antiphras'iicaWy , •par' aphr as ed, a. phraseless, a. 

met'aphrase, n. par'aphraslng, a. phraseoVogy, n. 

xnet'aphrast, n. ^per'iphrase,n.&.v. phraseolog'ic, a. 

metaphras'tic, a. penphras'tic, a. phraseolog'ical, a. 
\\pai'aphrase,7i.&. v- 

* Phosphate, Phoxphite, a species oi salt, 

t Phospholite, an earth united with phosphoric acid. 

% Phosphor or Phosphotuus, literally, bringing light, the morning star, 
or Lncifer, — Venus, when it precedes the sun, and shines in the morning. 
In chemistry, a combustible substance hitherto undecomposed, which ia 
kept in water, and, being exposed to the air, shines in the dark, and which 
air sets on fire. It is of a yellowish colour and semi-transparent, resem- 
bling fine wax. 

II Phosphorate, to combine or impregnate with phosphorus. 

§ Phosphoresce, to shitie, sls phosphorus, by exhibiting afixintlight, with- 
out sensible heat. * Phosphorite, a. species of calcareous earth. 

t Phosphiiret, a combination oi phosphorus not oxygenated with a base, 
— as, phosphuret of iron or cojiper. 

X Antipfirasis, the use of words in a sense opposite to their proper mean- 
ing, — as when a court uf justice is called a court of vengeance. 

II Paraphrase, an explanation of some text or passage in a book, in a 
more clear and ample manner than is expressed in the words of the author. 

§ Periphrase, a circuit of words, circMmlocution, the use of more words 
than are necessary to express the idea ; a figure of rhetoric employed lo 
avoid a common and trite manner of expression. 

2 L 

PUR 398 PHY 

Phren (^^r,v), the mind: as, jy/r/-e«ol'ogist^ one who 
studies j^firenologi/ ; fran'fic, mad, raving, wild, 
fran'tic, or ^-paraphren^itis, n, fren'zy, n. 

frcnet'ic^a.&n. •\phrenet'ic, or phrenoVogy, n. 

f ran' tidy, ad. frenet'ic, a.&cn. j>/i?-gnolog'ical, a. 
/ra?i7icness, n. phren'ic, a. phrenoVogi&t, n. 

fren'zied, a. :i^phren'iiis, n. 

fren'sical, a. phren'sy, or 

Phthegm-^ {<p6syf^oi, a (pkyyof^oit), a word or sound 
uttered, a saying: as^, di^'ophtheg^n, oj^'othegm, or 
ap'otke?7i, a remarkable saying. 
Q.Y>'op1ithegTn, n. apothegm'atize^v. *inon'oph thong, n. 
ap'othegm, or apothegm'atist, n. monophthong' al, a, 

ap'oihem, n. ^diph'thong, n, -ftTiph' thong, n. 

sqtothegmat'ical, a. diphthong'al, a. triph thong' al, a. 

Phthis-7s {ip&KTtg, d ^6ia, to decay^, decline, decay, 

a wasting away — Xphthi'sis, n. phthis'ical, a. 
PhYLACTERI-OAT (<PvXccx.r^i6V, d (pvXacrtrtif, tO watc/l, tO 

guard or defend^, a preservative : as, -^Yophylac'- 
t'lc, preventive^ defending from disease. 
\^phylac'ter, or phylacter'ic, a. 'pYophylac't\c,a.&.n 

phylac'tery, n. phylacter'icaX, a. ^rophylac'tical, a. 
phylac'tered, a. 

* Paraphrenitis, an inflammation of the diaphragm or midriff, which 
is a muscle separating the chest or thorax from the abdomen or lower belly. 

t Phtenetie, frenetic, or frantic, subject to strong or violent sallies of 
imagination or excitement, which in some measure pervert the judgment, 
and cause th? person to act in a manner different from the more rational 
part of mankind : wild and erratics partially mad. 

X Phrenitis, phrcnsy or phrenzy, in medicine, an inflammation of the 
brain, attendeid with acute fever and delirium : madness, or imrtial madness. 

§ Diphthong, a coalition or union oi two votveis pronounced in one sylla- 
ble. In uttering a diphthong, both vowels are pronounced,— as in joy, 
no!se, bownd, out. * Monophthong, a simple vowel sound, 

t Triphthong, a coalition or union of three vowels in one compound 
sound, or o??e syllable, — as in adiew, eye. 

i^ Phthisis, a consumption occasioned by ulcerated lungs. 

II Phylacter or Phylactery, in a general sense, any charm, spell, or amu- 
let, worn as a preservative from danger or disease : among the Jews, a slip 
of parchment m which was written some text of Scripture, particularly of 
the Decalogue, worn by devout persons on the forehead, breast, or neck, 
as a mark vi their religion. Among the primitive Christians, a case in 
which they inclosed the relics of the dead. 

PHY 399 riiY 

Phyllon {(pvXXov), a leaf : as^ moiio/>//j///ous^ hav- 
ing one leaf only. 
*anthoj>h'i/lliie,n. Ynonoph'i/llous, a. phyllo-plVoTOuSy a. 
-{-epi/^/iyZ/osperin'ous, t^phyl'lite, n. quadrija^'j/Z/ous, a. 

Phys-is {<pvcrii, d <pva), to grow, to bring forth), a 

bringing forth, nature : as^ phys'ics, the science of 

nature, natural objects, or the material system ; 

ph?/siog'rQi^\\Y, <^ description of nature, or science 

of 7iatural objects. 
\\si]}oph'ysis, or phi/sian'thTO-py,n. physiognova'ical, a. 

ayyoph't/sy, n. phys'ic, n. & v. 

%e-piph'ysis, or physicVan, n. physiog'nomist, n. 

e'piph'ysy, n. phys'ics, n. physio g'raiTihy, 7i. 

hypeip hy s'ical, a. phys'ical, a. physioVogy, n. 

*niet'aphysics, n. phys'ically, ad. physiolog'ic, a. 

metaphys'ic, a. physicolog'ic, a. physioVogist, n. 

raetaphys'ical, a. physico-theoVogy, physiolog'ical, a. 

inctaphys'ically,ad.physiog^nouiy, n. pysio\og'ica\ly , ad. 

meiaphys'icVan, n. physio gnova'ics, n. physiol'oger, n. 
'\xnor\oph'ys'\te, 71. physiognoxn'ic,a. \\syin'physis, n, 
X^^'ophyte, n. & a. 

* Aiithophyllite, a mineral in masses composed of interlaced plates. 

t Epiphyllospermous, in botany, bearing their seed on the back of tlie 
leaves, — as ferns. ^ Phyllite, a petrified leaf, or mineral hav- 

ing the figure of a leaf. II Apophysis or Apophysy, the pro- 

jecting soft end or protuberance of a bone ; a process of a bone. 

§ Epiphysis or Epiphysy, accretion ; the growing of one bone to another 
by simple contiguity, without a proper articulation. The spongy extre- 
mity of a bone. 

* Metaphysics, literally, after physics ; (reckoned first in the order of 
studies by Aristotle, and the science of mind and intelligence the second), 
the science of the principle and causes of all things cjcistitig- ; hence, the 
science of mind and intelligence. This science comi)rehends ontology, cos- 
mology, anthropnsophy, psychology, pneumatvlvgy , and metaphysical theo- 
logy, being the ancient division of metajjhysics. The natural and modem 
division of things that exist is into body and wind, things material and 
immaterial. The former belong to physics, and the latter to the science 
of metaphysics. \ Monophysite, one who maintains that Jesus 
Christ had but one nature, or that the human and divine nature were so 
united as to form one natvre only. 4^ Neophyte, a new convert or 
proselyte ; a name given by the early Christians to such heathens as had 
recently embraced the Christian faith, and were considered as regenerated 
by baptism ; a novice, one newly admitted to the order of priest ; a tyro, 
a beginner in learning. 

II Symphysis, in anatomy, the union of bones by cartilage; a connection 
of bones without a moveable joint. In surgery, a coak&ccnce of a natural 
passage ; also, the first intention of cure in a wound. 

VllY 400 PIL 

Phyt-on {(pvTov, h ipvuy to bring f(y)'tK)y a plant: as, 
7.oophi/t6Vogy, the natural history of zoophytes. 

phytiv'orouSj a. phytoVogy, n. -fzo'ophyte, n. 
j'hytog'raiphy, n. phyiolog'ica\, a. zoophytoVogy, n. 
1>hytogxdi^\\'icd\y a. phytol'ogist, n. zoo/'^y/ologlcal, a. 
*phy'loHte, n. 

ViAi-us, p.p. (a pio), atoned. (See P/o.) 
Vici-vs, p.p. (« pingo), painted. (See Fingo.^ 
PiGNUs, pigiior-?'*, n. 3. a pawn or pledge: as, im- 
jyig'nor^xiQ, to pledge oy pawn. 

impig' noraity v. patim, v. pignora'i'ion, n. 

paivn'ex, n. 
pawn' -hrokex, n. 

PiLGRni (Eng. a peragro, to icander, a. per et ager), 

a wayiderer — %pil'grimy n. pil'grimage, n. 

PiL-0, V. 1. to pillage, to rob : as, piV^QY, to steal in 

small qitantities. 

^compile' y V. expila'tiou, n. §piVlage, n. & i». 

compil'ed, a. pU'fer, v. pil'lAger, n. 

eompil'er, n. pil'feier, n. pil'hged, a. 

comj9?7'ing, a. pil'Fery, n. pil'laging, a. 

peal, V. pil'fer'mg, a. rscompile'mcni, n. 

compila'tion, n. /ji/'feringly, ad. 

PiL-t/s, m. 2. a hair : as, de/>'«7ate, to strip <>[ hair. 
Aep'ilate, v. pil'low, n. & v. piJos'ity, n. 

depila'i'wn, «, pile, n. pi'hus, a. 

depil'atory, n. & a. pilose', a. 

* Pht/tolite, a plant petrified, or fossil vegetable. 

+ Zoophyte, in natural history, a body supposed to partake of the nature 
both of an animal and a vegetable, — such as madrepores, millipores, co- 
itiUhies, &c. X Pilgrim, in Scripture^ one that has 

only a temporary residence on earth, Hebu xi. 

U Compile, literally, to pick out, select, and put together ; to coUeet parts 
at passages of books or writings into a book or pamphlet ; to select and put 
together pnrts of an author, or collect parts of different authors : or to 
collect and arrange separate papers, laws, or customs, in a book, code, or 
system : to tvrite, to compose. 

§^PUlage, to strip of money or goods by open violence ; to phinder. It 
diners from stealing, as il implies open violence, and from robbery, which 




ViNG-o, V.3. to paint : as, pic'tm'o, the ihmg pahit- 
ed, likeness or resemblance j picto'i-ml, belonging 
to Q. painter. 

paint, V. & n. 

pamt'ed, a. 

paint'er, n. 

paint'ingy n. & ft. 

pain' lure, n. 
* PictSf n. 

picto'Tid\, a. 

pic'iure, n. & v. 

pic'iural, a. 

picturesque', or 
pic'ture&k, a. 
pic'tured, a. 
j9ic'^ure-like, a. 
^ic'turesquely, or 
pic'tnreskly, ad. 
pic'iureskness, n. 
"fpiff'ment, n. 

as^ exjDm'^ion, the 

inex'j3iably, ad. 
piac'ular, a. 
piac'ulous, a. 

depaint', v. 

depainl^ed, a. 

depaiJit'er, n. 

depaint'ing, a. 

depict', V. 

depic'ted, a. 

depic'ting, a. 

depic'ture, v. 

impio'tured^ a. 

o\erpic'tuve, v. 
Pi-Oj V. 1. to atone, to atone /or 

act of atoni7ig for a crime. 

ex'piahle, a. expia'tion, n. 

ex'piate, v. e-a'piatoiy , a. 

ex'piated, a. inex'^nable, a. 

ex'piating, a. 
PiRAT-ES {TTii^scTm, d, TFit^otco, to try, to attempt^, a sea- 
robber : asj pi'racy, the act, practice, or crime of 
robbiiig on the high seas. 
X^^'piric, n. cmpir'ichm.^ ii. pirat'io.^, a. 

exnpir'ic, a. pi'racy, n. pirat'icaWy, ad. 

empir'ical, a. pi'rate, n. & v. pi'ratiwg, a. &. n. 

euijoir'ically, ad. pVrated, a. 
Visc-is, m. 3. a fish : as, 2)is'catoiy or pis'c'me, re- 
lating to fishes. 

Wpis'caxy, n. pis'catory, a. pis'cine, a. 

expis'cate, v. %pis'ces, n. pisciv'orous, a. 

may be committed by one individual on another; whereas pillaging is 
usually the act of bands or numbers. To pillage and to rob are, however, 
sometimes used synonymously. * Picts, ancient inhabitants of 

Scotland,— so called, because they pam^ed their bodies, that they might 
appear formidable to their enemies. t Pigment, paint ; a pre- 

paration used by painteis, dt/ers, &c. to impart colours to bodies. 

t Empiric, literally, one who makes experiments. Hence, appropriately, 
a physician who enters on practice without a regular professional educa- 
tion, and relies on the successor his own acperieitce : a quack, an ignorant 
pretender to medical skill, a charlatan. || Piscary/, in law, the 

right or privilege of fishing in another man's water. § Pisces, in 

astronomy, the Fishes, tlie twelfth sign or constellation in the Zodiac. 

2 L 2 

PIS 402 PLA 

VisTiLL-uM, n. 2. a pestle ; the seed bud of a flower, 

pis'tW, n. pis'tilate, a. pistillif 'eious, a. 

pistilla'ceous, a. 
PiTuiT-j, /. \. phlegm or mucus : as, ^^zVe^zVe^ mucus. 

pii'tiitc, n. piiu'itary, a. pitu'itoiis, a. 

Vi-us, a. pious, religious : as, mVpious, not pious, 

irreverent towards God^ profane. 

impi'ety, n. *pi'ety, n. ;n'£?^ism, n. 

im'/^ious, a. j'i'ous, a. -j-oi'c'/ist, n. 

im7nously, ad. /^i'ously, ad. pietWiic, a. 

im'/?iousness, n. 
Plac-eo, v. 2. toplease : as, pleas'ant, pleasing ; jylacid, 

quiet, gentle, serene, calm. 

com/)/a'cence, n. dispfeas'ingness,?!. p/^as'ingness, n. 

compla'cency, n. disp/eas'ure,n & v. pleas'ure, n. 

compla'cent, a. plac'id, a. pleas'ura.hle, a. 

compla'cently, ad. plac'idly, ad. pleas'arahly, ad. 

comp/aceii'tial, a. jo/ac'idness, >t. pleas^uTa.h\eness,n. 

coni'plaisance, n. please, v. jo/^a*'ure-ground,n. 

co\n' plaisaxit, a. pleas'er, n. uncowV plaisaxii, n. 

com'plaisantiy, ad. pleas'ani, a. xxnconV plaisanily , 

pleas'an\\y, ad. unpleas'ant, a. 

displease', v. pleas'antness, n. \xnpleas'a\\t\y, ad. 

dis/)/eas'ed, a. pleas'antry, n. w\\pleas'ax\tiiQ%%, n. 

dispfeas'edness, n. pleas'mg, a. & n. unpleas'ed, a. 

disptleas'mg, a. pleas'\\\g\y, ad. nnpleas'ing, a. 
Vlac-0, v. I. to appease; to pacify : as, impla'cahle, 

not to be aj)pease(l or quieted. 

impla'cdble, a. imp/acabirity, n. placahiVity, n. 

impla'cahly, ad. /?/a'cable, a. unjdu'cable, a. 

imjo/a'cablenesSj n. pla'oableness, n. 
Vlag\-um, n. 2. a literary theft, a stealing from the 

books of others. 

pla'ffiary, n. & a. pla'giaxist, n. pla'c/iarism, n. 

* Viaty, formerly, reverence and love of parents, now veneration and 
love of God. f Pietist, one of a sect professing great strict- 

ness and purity of life, despising learning, school theology, and ecclesi- 
astical polity, as also forms and ceremonies in religion, and giving them- 
selves up to mystic theology. This sect sprung up among the Protestants 
of Germany, in the latter part of the seventeenth century. 

PL A 403 I' LA 

Plan-e (TrXuvn), a wandering about. 

*plan'et) n. plan'elaxy, a. plan'et-stTiick, a. 

plan'eted, a. 
Plang-0, v. 3. (« TTAVio-a-M, to stnke), to beat, to bemoan 
to pity, to complain : as,, plain't'we, covaplainmg. 
complain'., v. plague, n. & v. plairt't'ive, a. 

complain'er, n. plagiiefhxX, a. plain'thely, ad. 

comjo/am'ant, 7i. plaint, n. plain' tiveness, n. 

complain'mg,a.6i.n.plaint'(n\, a. plai?it'less, a. 

complaint', n. -^plain'ti^, n. \xi\complai'nh\g, a. 

Plant-^, /. 1. the sole of the foot ; a plant : as, re 

plant' , to plant again ; ^\x])plant', to trip up the 
heels, to remove or displace by stratagem. 

d.eplanta't\on, n. plant'ing, a. & n. supplant'er, n. 

diaphaiC, V. plania'tion, n. smpplant'ing, a. 

displani'ed, a. plant'ei, n. suY>pla?iia'tion, n. 

displa7it'ing,7i.&a. reimplant', v. transplant', v. 

displanta't'wn, n. replant', v. iraxi^iplanta'tXon^n. 

implant', v. rajylant'ahle, a. tr&nsplant'ed, a. 

implanta'tion, n. replanta'tlon, n. transplant' er, n. 

implant'ed, a. replant'ed, a. transplant'ing, a. 

implant'ing, a. replant'ing, a. nnplant'ed, a. 

plant, n. & v. supplant', v. unsup/)/an?ed, a. 

plant'ed, a. supplant'ed, a. 

Vlan-us, a. plain, smooth, level ; evident, clear : as 

Qxplain', to make jo/am or clear, to expound ; com 

plane' or com'/>/a?2ate, to make level. 

complane', or explain'ing, a. plainly, ad. 

com'planate, v. explana'tion, n. plain'ness, n. 

explain', v. txplan'atoxy, a. plain-dQaVing, a 

explain' able, a. esplanade'., n. pla'naiy, a. 

explain'ed, a. ijrjoi'ano-forte, n. plain'-work, n. 

explain'er, n. plain, a. ad. n. & v. plane, 7i. & v. 

* Planet, a celestial body which revolves about the sun or other centre, 
or a body revolving about another planet as its centre. 

t Plaintiff, literally, one who makes complaint ; in law, the person who 
commences a suit before a tribunal, for the recovery of a claim,— opposed 
to defendant. % Piano-forte, a keyed musical instrument ot 

German origin, and of the harpsichord kind, but smaller,— so called, from 
its softer notes or expressi(jns. Its tones are produced by hammers instead 
of quills, like the virginal or spinet. 




ja^animet'rical, a. 
plan'hh, v. 
;!j/an'ished, a. 
plan'i^\iing, a. 

planocon'xcaX, a. 
j}lanoco\V\ex, a. 
jD /a ?i'e sphere, n. 
jj^a?iohorizon'tal, a. 

pla'ned, a. 

p/cE/iifo'lious, a- 
plani'pet'alous, a. 
2ilanim'eiTy, n. 
planhwei'ncy a. 

Plass-0 {'TFXxa-a-a'), to smcar, to form i?i clay : as, 
cosmoplas'tic, world- forming ; plasmat'ic or plas'- 
t'lc, giving shape or form. 
*cat'aplasm, n. plasmat'ica.\, a. 

cosmoplas'tic, a. plas'tic, a. 
emplas'ter, v. plastic'ity, n. 
emplas'ticj a. plas'ter, n. & v. 

plasm, n. plas'texed, a. 

plasmat'ic, a. plas'ieier, n. 

Vlat-0, on-is, m. 3. {ttXxtuv), an Athenian philo- 
sopher : as, plat'omzQ, to adopt the opinions, or 
to explain on the principles of Plato. 

platon'ic, a. jyla'tonism, n. pla'totiized, a. 

plat07i'ica\, a. pla'l07iist, ?i. pla'tofiizing, a 

platon'ically , ad. pla'tonize, v. 

Plaud-0, v. 3. to make a noise hy clapping the hands, 
to praise : as, disj^lode', to discharge or burst with 
a violent noise ; plans'ihle, that may be praised. 

2)las'termg, n.&a. 
"fTpTo'plasm, 11. 

■proplas'iic, a. 
:}:pro'tOjo/as/, n. 

protoplasmic, a. 

ajtplaud', V. 
a^plaud'ed, a. 
ajiplaud'er, n. 
a'pplaud'ing, a, 
aytplause', n. 
a'pplau'sive, a. 
displode', v. 
displo'sion, n. 

explode', V. 
explod'ed, a. 
explod'er, n. 
explod'ing, a. 
explo'sion, n. 
explo'si\e, a. 
implau'sihle, a. 
implau'sihly, ad. 

Wplaicd'it, n. 
plau'sihle, a. 
plati'sihly, ad. 
plau'sihleness, n. 
plausihiVity, n. 
plau's'ive, a. 
uuplau'sihle, a. 
ur\plau'si\e, a. 

* Cataplasm, a poultice; a soft andmoist sxfljstcnce to be applied to some 
part of the body, to excite or repel heat, or to relax the skiii, &c. When 
mustard is an i'ugredient, it is called a sinapism, 

t Pro\ilasm, a mould, a matrix. 

% Protoplast, the original ; the thhig first formed,— as a copy to be imi- 
tated. Thus, Adam has been called our protoplast. 

II Plaudit, applause, praise bestowed. 


405 PLE 

Plaus-us, p.p. {a plaudo), jy>-rtzW/. (See riaiidu.) 
Plebs, pleb-25, /. 3. the common people-piehe'mn,ii.&.a. 
Plect-os {TeXYiKTog, a '7rM<T<ru, to Strike), strzfck, seized. 
antaY>opIec'tic, a. a^p'oplexed, a. apo/)/^'/ical, a. 

*aYi'oplexy, n. a-poplec'lic,a.Si.n. hem'ijylegy, n. 

Plen-uS;, a. full: as, />/ew/poten'tiary_, one who is 
invested with/?/// power to transact any business ; 
pie' n^ry, full, entire ; nplen'hh., to fill agam, to fill. 

pleni'p'otent, a. plen'tifuWy, ad. 

ple'nary, a. ple'nist, n. plen'tifvi\r\Q?,%, n. 

ple'nariXy, ad. plen'itude, n. fple'nnm, n. 

ple'nariness, n. plen'ty, n. rej»/e»'ish, v. 

pleniWnary, a. plen'tcons, a. teplen'hhed, a. 

plenijt'otence, n. plen'teouily, ad. rejo/f /I'ishing, a. 
pleni\)oten't\ary, n. plen'ieousnesi, n. unrepleyi'i&hed, a. 
& a. ple7i'ti{v\, a. 

Ple-O;, V. 2. (ttMa)), to fill: as,accom'plis/?, to complete: 
to finish ; complete', filled, ended, finished ; ex'ple- 
five, filling out or up, added for supply or ornament ; 
'jAeth'ora, fulness or^a;cessof blood; sup/»/y,toyz7/up. 

accom'p/JsA, v. com'pletory, a. & n. 

complete', a. &.V. §com'/^/iment, n.&w. 

accom'/'"'w^ecI, a. comj3fe7ed, a. comp/imeut'al, a. 

accom'plisher,n. [n.covnplete'\y, ad. comj7Kment'ally,ao?. 

accovn' plish'yag^a & comple'tmg, a. comp^tment'er, n. 

accora'plishmeniyn.complete'ment, n. deple't'ion^ n. 

Ij^anaplerot'ic, a. & n. compIefe'nes», n. exp/e'don, n. 

||com'j9/i?ment, n. com/j/e7ive, a. ex'pIetOTy, a. 

com^/ement'al, a. comple'tion, ii. ex'pletive, n. & a. 

* Apoplexy, literally, a, striking or seizing {rom ', a sndden deprivativn 
of all sense and voluntary motion, occasioned by repletion, or whatever in- 
terrupts the action of the nerves upon the muscles. — Cullen. 

f- Plenum, fiihiess of matter in space. 

^Anaplerotic, fill'mg up ; supplying or renovating flesh. 

\ Complement, literally, 3. fill'mg; /w/uess, completiaa, full quantity ot 

§ Compliment, literally, a fulfilling, or obliging words; an expression ol 
civility, respect, or regard. A present or favour bestowed. 

vLi: 406 PLi 

*hu'pleniciit, n. plelh'ory, or supp/ement'al, a. 

ump/e'tion, n. pleth'ora, n. siipp/ement'ary, a. 

iucompletc', a. plelhor'ic, a. sujp'pletory, n &a. 

incomplele'ly, ad. supply', v. & n. 

incom/^/e/e'ness, n. Xp^ero^ph'ory, n. iiU])pIi'eT, n. 

man'i/'/f?, n. replete', v. suppU'ed, a. 

mani//«/ar, a. reple'ti\e, a. su-pplt/ing, a. 

mani/5«/a'/ion, n. reple'ti\e\y, ad. unaccom'plished, a. 

*f-/;/£;'onasm, n. reple'iion, n. 

p/eonas'tical, a. sup'/jfement, n. unsupp/red, a. 

Pleth-os {jTM^oi, a TrXicj, toJill),fulness. {SeePleo.) 
Plet-us^ p. p. (« jAqo), Jilled. (See Pleo.) 
Vlevr-a, f. 1. {ttMv^cc), the side; a rib, 

plcu'ra, n. plewific, a. pleurii'ical, a. 

Wpleu'risy, n. 

Vlex-us, p.p. (rt plectOj V. 3. TiXtKCJ, 'xxt^a, to twist ox 

twine), twisted or twined. (See Plico.) 
Vlicai-us, p.p. {a -plico), /aided. (See Plico.) 

Plic-o, v. 1. (^TiXiKco), to /old, to knit: as^ aippl?/', to 
/old ox lay \,o, to use, to put, to betake; com'/'//catc, 
to/old2iX\di twist iogeXh^x, to entangle ; ex'plicate, 
to xxn/old, to explain ; display', to wc/old, to open, 
to show ; coni'ple.v, embracing two or more things ; 
involved, compound, not simple. 

%B.ccon\'plice, n. app/y'ing, a. 

apply', V. appll'ed, a. appli'arice, n. 

appli'er, n. ap'plicdble, a. 

* Implement, whatever may supply wants ; particularly, as now used, 
tools, utensils, vessels, instruments,' — as, the implements of trade or of m- 
dustry. (It is a ivord ofvei-y extensive signification.) 

t Pleonasm (a tXuuv. more) , redundancy of words in speaking or writing ; 
the use of more words to express ideas than are necessary. This may be 
justifiable, when we intend to present thoughts with particular perspicuity 
or force. % Plerophoru, full persuasion or confidence. 

II Pleurisy, an inflammation of the pleura, which is a membrane that 
covers the inside of the thorax. It is accompanied with fever, pain, diflB- 
cult respiration, and cough, The usual remedies are venesection, other 
evacuations, diluents, &c. 

^ Accomplice oi Cottiplue, literal1}% folded together; an associate in a 
crime ; a partner or partaker in g^iilt 




ap'plicahly, ad. complVed, a. explic'itly, ad. 

a.Tp'plicah]eness,n. comply'ing, a. expHc'itness, n. 

applicahiVity, n. condu'plica,te,v.Sia.mVplex, a. 

ap'p/icant, 71. condu'p/icated, a. implex'ion, n. 

"ap'plicsite, n. conAwplica' t'lon, n. incom' plex, a. 

SLT^plica'tion, n. dec'nple, a. & n. \\imply'y v. 

ap'plicative, a. display', v. & n. imjo/i'ed, a. 
a]Vplicatory,a. & n. di^play'ed, a, impZi'edly, ad. 

cen'tnjjle, a. display'er, n. imply'ing, a. 

com'j}lex, a. display'ing, a. iva'plicsiie, v. 

coiiVplexXy, ad. doxxb'lej a. n. & v. im'^/icated, a. 

com'jo/e^rness, 11. douJ'/ed, a. 'voi'plicating, a. 

com'plexed, a. douiVy, ad. 'vcaplica't'ion, n. 

com'jD/ej^edness, n. dou67er, n. im'plicative, a. 

coxnplex'iiy, n. dou67eness, n. 'vca'plicativcly, ad^ 

coraplex'ion, n. dou67ing, a. & 11. implic'it., a. 

complex'ionvH, a. dou67e-faced, a. imjo/jc'itly, ad. 
comjo/e.r'ionally,ac?.doui7e-hearted, a. miplic'itness, n. 

conj^/e,a?'ioned, a. dou&7^-minded, a. inap'/?/icable, a. 

comjo/6'A''ionary, a. dou67e-tongued, a. inap/j/icabirity, n. 

complex'wxQ, n. dn'ple, a. inajipHca'tion, n. 

conVplicate,v.&.a. •fdu'plicatc,a.n.8cv.incompli'ance, n. 

com'jo/icated, a. duplica'iion, n. inconijo/i'ant, a. 

com'/j/icately, ad. dWplicatuxQ, n. 

com'p/icateness, w. duplic'iiy, n. 

com'plicating, a. ex'plicate, v. 

complica'tion, ii. ex'p/icated, a. 

com'pllce, 71. ex'plicating, a. 

comply', V. explica'tion, n. 

coYcipli'ahle, a. ex'pUcative, a. 

com/^/j'ance, n. ex'plicaior, n. 

compli'ant, a. ex'plicatory, a. 

comp/j''antly, ad. ex'pllcahle, a. 

inex'plicahle, a. 

inex'plicahly, ad. 


misapp/y', V. 

misap/j/i'ed, a. 

mlsa^ply'ing, a. 

misapjo/ica^ion, n. 
^mnVtiple, a. & «. 
^multiply', V. 

multipli'ed, a. 

compli'er, n. "^explic'it, a. & n. m\x\t\pli'cr, n. 

*Applicate, a right line drawn across a curve, so as to bisect the diameter, 

^Duplicate, double, two-/ti/d ; also another of the same, « copi/; to double. 

XExpUcit, literally, un/o/ded ; hence, plain in laiiguage ; open to the un- 
derstanding, clear, unreserved. 

II Imply, to infold, to involve or contain in substance or essence, or by 
fair inference, or by construction of law, when not expressed in words. 

§ Multipls, in arithmetic, a number containing another several thnes 
exactly, — as 12 is a multiple of 2, 3, 4, and 6. 

* Multiply, to make xaz,ny-fbld, to increase in number. 




multi;>/w'ing. a. 
murti/)/iable, a. 
mul'ti^y/icable, a, 

*multi/;/icand', n. 

mul'ti/j/jcate, a. 

niul'ti/j/ica^ive, a. 

multip/ica'^ion, n. 

multi/)/Jca'^or, n. 

muldp/ic'ity, n. 

oc'tuf/Ie, n. 
•f perplex', v. 

perple.v'ed, a. 

perpleyedly, ad. 

■perplex'edness, n. 

perplex' ity, n. 

plex'i form, a. 
Xplex'us, n. 
\\pU'ah\e, a. 

^/i'rtblenass, 71. 

pUah'iVity, n. 

pliancy, n. 

pti'axit, a. 

^/i'antness, n. 

pH'ca.te, or 

pH'cated, a. 

pli' form, a. 

plic'ature, n. 

pUghi, n. simplic'ity, n. 

ply, V. %\m'plify, V. 

§/'/j'ers, n. sim'pZified, a. 

quad'ru/)/e,a.n.& tJ.sim'/7/jfying, a. 
qudd'rup/ed, a. sinij^Zifica'tion, n. 
quad'ruja/y, ad, %\m'phs,i, n. 
quadru'p/ing, a. snh'duple, a. 
quadru';j/icate, a. subdu'^/icate, a. 

& V. -f-sup'p/iant, a. & n. 

quadrujo/ica'aon,n.sup'j3/tantly, ad. 
quin'tuple, a. :{:sup7?^ic'ate, v. 

redoub'le, v. snp'pUcafed, a. 

redoub'ltd, a. sup'plicat'mg, a. 

redoub'l'mg, a. f^upplica'tlon, n. 
Tedn'plic&te, v. & a. sup'pUcatory, a. 
redu plica' tion, n. sup'/^/icant, n. & a. 

rediw' pUcat'we, a 
reply', v. San. 
repH'er, n. 
reply'mg, a. 
replica' tion, n 
sep'tuple, a. 
sex'tnple, a. 

irip'le, a. Scv. 
treb'le, a. 
trip'let, n. 
tripVicate, a. 
triplica'tion, n. 
triplic'ity, n. 
unim' plicated, a. 

smVple, a. it. & v. nnimpU'ed, a 
shn'ply, ad. unperplex', v. 

sixn'pleness, n. nnperplex'ed, a, 

^\m' pie -m\nded, a. nnpli'ahle, a. 
sim'pler, n. unp/i'ant, a. 

*&\m'pleton, n. 

Fi.OD-o (comP- form of plaudo), to make a noise. SeePlaudo. 

* Multiplicand, the number to be multiplied by another, which is called 
the multiplier. 

t Perpler, literally to twire or plait thoroughly, to make intricate, to 
entangle ; to puzzle, to distract ; to tease with suspense, anxiety, or am- 
biguity. :}: Plexus, any union of vessels, nerves, or fibres, in the 
form of net-work. 

II Pliable, that may he folded ; easy to be bent ; flexible in disposition. 

§ Pliers, an instrument by which any small thing is seized and bent. 

* Simpleton, a silly person, or one of weak intellect. 

t Suppliant, one who prays with his knees /oWed under him in token 
of humility. 

X Supplicate, to entreat for ; to seek by earnest prayer; to address Id 
prayer ; to implore, to beseech. 


Plor-Oj r. 1. to cry out, to wail, to weep: as de- 

plore' , to bcKCiil, to mourn. 

deplore', v. *exj)lore', -|- imp/ore', v. 

dep/oVed, a. imjs/o'red, «. 

explo'red, a. implo'rer, n. 

deplo'ring, a. eTiplo'rer, n. ixnplora'tion^ n. 

deplo'rer, n. exjs/oVing, a. implo'r'mg, a. 

inexplo'rahle, a. 

deplo'rahle, a. explora'tion, n. undeplo'red, a. 

deplo'rahly, ad. explora'tor, a. unexjo/oVed, a. 

dejo/o'rableness, n. exph'ratory, a. uninvp/oVed, a. 

deplora't'wn, n. 
Plos-us (comp- form o£ plausus), noise made. (See Plaudo. ) 
Plum-^, /. 1. a smaU or soft feather, a feather : as, 

Aeplume' , to strip or pluck q^ feathers. 

deplume', v. plume, n. & v. plumos'hy, n. 

deplu'med, a. phi'mage, n. phc'moas, a. 

depluma'lion, n, phimig'eroua, a, plume'less, a. 

deplu'ming, a. plu'mi]ped. a. wnplume', v. 

implu'med, a. plu'mmg, a. unplu'med, a. 

hmplu'moas, a. plumose', a. 
Vlumb-um, n.2. lead, a leaden hidlet : as, plumhiV - 

erous, producing lead ; plum'bQY, a worker in lead. 

plumb, plumbif'crows^ a. plum'beous, a. 

plum'ber, n. \i^plum'met, ii. ^plumba'go, n. 

"^plum'bery, n. plum'bexn, a. plumbQ.g''u\o\\%, a. 

plum'bed, a. 
Plus, plur-?s, a. more : as, plu'rdX, containing more 

than one, or consisting of two or more. 
*non'plus, n, & v. plu'ralist, n. -fplus, n. 

o'verplus, n. plural'iiy, n. preterjo/wperTect, a- 

pltc'ral., a. pluri\it'eTal,a.&.n. ^sui'plus, or 

plu'rally, ad. plu-per'£ect, a. sur'plusage, n. 

* Explore, to search for making discovery, to view with care, to search 
or try, to pry into. t Implore, to call upon or for, in suppli- 

cation ; to beseech, to pray earnestly, to entreat, to beg. 

X Plumbery, works in lead ; manufactures of lead; the place where lead 
is wrought ; the art of casting and working lead, or making sheets and pipes 
of lead, I! Plummet, a leaden weight attached to a line, used 

by carpenters, masons, &c- § Plumbago, a mineral consisting of carbon 
and iron, — used for pencils, &c. * Nonplus, to puzzle, to put to a stand. 

t Plus, more, a character marked thus +, used as a sign of addition. 

X Surplus, surplusage, overplus, literally, more, or something over ; what 
jemaiiis after accomplishing a purpose. 

2 M 


Plut-o, on-is, m. 3. king of the infernal regions. 

pluto'7iian, a. & n. phUon'ic, a. *pIu'tomsi, n. 
PLUVI-.4, /.I. (a pluOj V. 3. to rain), raiyu 

plu'vial, a. fpluviam'eter, n. jp/Mmamet'rical, a. 

plu'vious, a. plov^evy n. 

PneumAj at-05 {^TFvivf^oc, -ccro^, cL TTviu, tO llow, to 

breathe'), whid, air, breath, spirit: as, dys/>?2ce'a 

a difficulty of breathing. 

dyspnoe'a, n. \\pneumat'ic% n. pneumatolog'ical,a. 

onhopnoe'a, n. pneumat'ic, a. pneumaiol'ogist,n. 
Xpenpneu'mo7ty, or pneumat'ica\, a. pneumo'nia, or 

peripneumo'tna, n. %pneumat'ocQ\e, n. pneu'mony, n. 

'peripnenmon'ic, a. pneumatol'ogy, n. pneumon'ic, a. & n, 
PoiE-o (ttosio)), to make, to compose : as, po'eiry, the 

art of co7nposing in verse^ j^^ems. 

axchpo'et, n. po'et, n. poei'ics, n. 

"eytopee', n. po'etQ&&, or po'etxy, n. 

nosopoiet'ic, a. po'etress, n. "^fiprosoYiopoe'ia, or 

on'oxnatope, or po'etize, v. pros'opo/j^, n. 

on'oniatopy, n. •\-po'eiasteT, n. unpoefic, a. 

"pathopoi'ea, n. poet'ic, a. unpoetficdl, a. 

po'em, n. poet'ical, a. un/^oe^'ically, ad. 

po'esy^ n. poetically, ad. 

PoLEM-os (TToXifAog), War, a battle or combat: as, 

polem'ic, controversion., disputat'ive. 

philo;)o/em'ic, a. polem'ioal, a. Wpolem'osco'pe, n. 

polem'ic, a. Sen. 

* Plutonist, one who adopts the theory of the formation of the world 
in its present state from igneous fusion. 

\ Pluviameter, a o-ain-gage, an instrument to ascertain the quantity of 
water that falls in rain, or in rain and snow, in any particular climate or 
place. X Pei-ipneumoni/ or Pneumonia (a ^vitifjtMv, the lungs), an 

inflammation of the htngs, the organs of respiration , attended with acute 
fever and diircult respiration. \\ Pneumatics, in natural philosophy, 

the science of air ; in chemistry, the science of gases ; in the schools, the 
doctrine of spiritual substances, — as Cvd, angels, and the souls of men ; 
but in this last sense pneumatologj/ is now used. 

§ Pneumatocele, in surgery, a distension of the scrotum by air. 

* Epopee, an epic poem; more properly, the history, action, or fable, 
which makes the subject of an epic poem. f Poetaster, a petty poet. 

% Prosopopoeia, a figure in rhetoric, by which things arc ro-presented as 
persons, or an absent person is introduced as speaking, or :•. deceased per- 
son is represented as alive and present. It includes personification, but is 
more extensive in its signification. 

8 Polemoscope, an oblique perspective glass, contrived for seeing object* 
that do not lie directly before the eye. 




PoL-Eo {TruXio), to sell : as, bibliojfy'cvist^ a books^/Zef. 

biblio/j'o/ist, n- xnonop'olize, v. mono^y'o/izing,a&.n. 

monop'o/y, n. vnonop'olizeXj n. myrop'olist, n. 

mono/>'o/ist, n. mono^'o^ized, a. pharmacop'o/ist, n. 
PoLi-o, V. 4. (a TToXt;^ a city), to polish, to smooth. See Polis. 
Pol -IS (jtoXk;, a TToXvg, 7?ia7i2/), a city, a town : as, 
Constan'tinojy/e, the city of Constantino ; cosmop'- 

oZite_, a citizen of the world ; polite^, polished or 

elegant in manners, well-bred ; pol'ish., to make 

smooth and (/lossy, to refine ; politics, the science 

of government. 
*AcTop'olis, n. in'iexpolatmg, a. pol'hhmg, n. & a. 

Q.rchpoUtic'ia.r), n. in'texjjolator, u. polite', a, 

Constan'tino/)/^, n. interjao/'ish, v. politely, ad. 

cosxnop'oUie, or ixietvop'olig, n. poHte'ness, ?i. 

cosxnopol'ilcin, n. Yi\eiropol'it?in,n.SLa.pol'itic^, n, 

Decap'olis, n. metrop'o/ite, n. pol'itic, a. 

expo/'ish, V. metropoUt'ic, a. politicly, ad. 

lieliop'olis, n. metropo^j/'ical; a. polil'ical, a. 

imjiol'icy, n. Neap'olis, or poHt'ically, ad. 

'Na'ples, n. poliiici'an, n. 

I^eapol'ilan, n. Sea. pol'ity, n. 

impoUic', a. 
imjooZitely, ad. 
impo/ite'ncss, n. 
impoUt ic, a. 
impoliticly, ad. 
impolit'ical, a. 
iin/;o/?7'ically, ad. 
•|-in'ter/?o/ate, v. 
in'ter/>o/ated, a. 
interpola'tion, n. 

x^icop'oUs, n. 

over/»o/'ish, v. 
Xpolice', n. 
polic'ed, a. 
Wpol'icy, n. 
polish, V. Sl n. 
jooHshablej a. 
po^'ished, a. 
pol'ishcT, n. 

repol'ish, v. 
unin'ter/?o?flr/ed, a. 

unpo^'ished, a. 
unpolite', a. 
unpolitely, ad. 
unpolite'ness, n. 

* Acropolis, tiie highest place or citadel of a town, particularly of Athens. 

] Interpolate, to foist in ; to insert, — as a spurious word or passage in a 
manuscript or book ; to ftdd a spurious word or passage to the original ; to 
renew. t Police, the government of a city or town ; the corpo- 

ration or body of men governing a city ; the pleasure-ground about a gen- 
tleman's seat. II Policy, primarily, the same as polity, compre- 
hending the fundamental constitution or frame of civil government m a 
state or kingdom ; now, the art or manner of governing a nation ; art, pru- 
dence, wisdom, or dexterity, in managing public affairs, — applied to per- 
sotis frovcrning. In commerce, the writing or instruction by which a con- 
tract of indemnity is efifected between the insurer and the uisured. 

rOL 412 POL 

Pollens, ni-is, a. (« pollco, v. 2. to be able), jyowerful. 

equi/joWence, n. equi^oZVently, ad. pre/?o?'/ency, n. 
equi/>oWericy, n. ■prepol'lence, n. -prepol'leut, a. 
equipo/Vent, a. 

PoL-us, VI. 2. the pole : as, po'lar, of the pole. 

circumj9o7ar, a. po'lary, a. /Jo'/arized, a. 

po'iar, a. pole, n. joo'/arizing, a. 

polar'ity, n. po'larize, v. joo/ariza'don, n. 

Poly (TroXv), many : as, pol' ?/ch.ovd, having many 
chords ; poly^l^iUiy, the having rtiany wives or 
husbands at the same time ; pol'ygan, a figm*e of 
many angles and sides ; ^o/'?/gi'am, a figure of 
many lines ; jcio/j/morph'ous, having many forms ; 
polyon'omy, many names j jt»o/j/ph'yllous_, many- 
peri/)o/?/g'onal, a. -f-joo/ycotyl'edon, n. polyg'onal, a. 

*polya,cou'stic,n.8ia.poli/coty\edo'nous, po/yg'onous, a. 

•fpol'yadelph, n. "^pol'i/gam, or 
po/^/adelph'ian, a. jpo/ygam'ian,a.&7i. pol'y grava, n. 

Xpolyan'ditt, n. poly g' amy, n. po/ygrammal'ical,f7. 

poly an' diTian, a. poly g'amist, n. §/?o/'ygraph, n. 

Iljoo/yan'dry, n. polyg'axnous, a. joo/yg'raphy, n. 

§j9o/j'arith'oSj n. polyg'enous, a. polygia^pih'ic, a. 

*jt)o/yautog'raphy, ?i. WpoVyglot, n. & a. po/ygraph'ical, a. 

pol'ychoxdi, a. pol'ygon, n, *pol'ygyn, n. 

* PolyacQUstic, that mttltiplies or magnifies sound ; an instrument to 
multiply sounds. 7 Poli/adelph, in tStany, a plant having its stamens 
united in three or mo)-e bodies or bundles by the filaments. 

% Polyander, a plant having many stamens, or any number above twen- 
ty, inserted in the receptacle. || Polyandry, the practice of females 
having more husbands than one at the same time ; plurality of husbands, 

§ Polyanthos, a plant with many flowers, or whose flower-stalks produce 
flowers in clusters. * Polyauto^raphy, the art of practice of mul- 

tiplying copies of one's own hand- writing, or of manuscripts, by engraving 
on stone ; a species of lithography. (• Polycotyledon, a plant that 

has many or more than two cotyledons or lobes to the seed. 

X Poly gam, a plant bearing hermai)hrodite flowers, with male or female 
flowers. II Polyglot, having or containing many languages or 

tongues, — as, a polyglot lexicon or Bible: also a book contaiumg ynany 
languages, particularly the Bible containing the Scriptures in several lan- 
guages. § Polygraph, an instrument for multiplying copies. 

* Polygyn, a plant ha\'ing marty pistils- 




poli/gyn'ian, a. 
"poli/g'yny, n. 

polyno'midX, a. 
polyon'oxny, 71. 
joo/^on'omous, a. 
*/)o/«/op'trum, w. 
pol'y^Q, or 
pol'i/'pus, n. 
joo/?/pet'alous, a. 
poli/ph'onism, or 
polyph'ony, n. 
pol^inhon'ic, a. 
po/yph'yllous, a. 
poVi/podej n. 
pol'i/^ovLS, a. 

'fpol'yscope, n. 
Jpo/'yspast, n. 
Ilpo/'ysperm, n. 

polt/s\)eTm'ous, a. 
§po^'^sy]lable, n. 

polysyWah'ic, a. 

jyo/^syllab'ical, a. 
*poli/syiVdetoii, n. 

polytech'nic, a. 
•fpori/theism, n. 

pol't/theist, n. 

polytheWtic, a. 

/)o/ytheis'ticalj a. 

polyhe' Aric, a. 

joo/j/he'dral, a. 

polyhe'dxous, a. 
XpolyVogy^ n. 

joo/^Ti'athy, n. 

polyrc\at\i'\Cy a. 

po/ymorph''ous, a. 
\\Polyn&'s,\Q.j n. 

polyne'sian, a. 
%pol'ynome, n. 

PoMP-A^ /. 1. (« 7cif4.7reo, to sendy, a solemn proces- 
sion, parade : as, pomp'ous, sliowy with grandeur. 
pompj n. pomp'ons, a. pomp'ousness, n. 

])omp'onsly, ad. pompos'ity, n. 

PoM-J7Af J n. 2. an appiU : as, joowa'ceous, consisting oi 
apples ; pome'xoy, a sort of apple, called royal apple. 
Xpomace', n. \\pome, n. *pomegxsin'a.iQ, n. 

poma'ceous, a. §po»2^ci'tron, n. pomif^crous, a. 

* Poli/gynr/, the practice of having more wives than one at the same time 
t Polyhedron or Polyedron, a body or solid of many sides or planes ; also 

a multiplying glass. 

%Polylogy, a talking much, talkativeness, garrulity, loquacity. 

II Polynesia, literally, many isles ; a new term in geography, used to de- 
signate a great number of isles in the Pacific ocean,— as the Pelew isles, the 
Ladrones, the Carolinas, the Sandwich isles, the Marquesas, the Society 
isles, and the Friendly isles. 

§ Polynome, in Algebra, a quantity consisting of many terms. 

* Polyoptrum, a glass through which objects appear multiplied. 
\ Polyscope, a glass making a single object appear as many, 

i Polyspast, a machine consisting of many pulleys. 
Polysperm, a tree whose fruit contains many seeds. 

E Polysyllable, a word of many syllables. 
Polysyndeton {hirvv'hiro?, connecting), a figure of rhetoric, by which 
the copulative is often repeated,— as, "We have ships, and men, and 
money, and stores." t Polytheism, the belief of wa»7ygods ; the 

doctrine of a plurality of gods or invisible beings superior to man, and 
having an agency in the government of the world. % Pomace, the 

substance ot apples, or of similar fruit, crushed bjr grinding. 

II Pome, a pulpy pericarp wiShout valves, containing a capsule or core, 
— as, the apple, pear, &c. § Pomccitron, a citron apple. 

* Pomegranate, literally, a grained apple ; this fruit is as large as an 
orange, having a hard rind filled with a soft pulp and numerous seeds. It 
is of a reddish colour ; also, the tree itself. 

2 M 2 




pome'ioy, or "jsorn'mel, n. & r. pomel'led, a. 

pome'royal, n. 
PoNDus, ponder-^5J n. 3. {a pendo, to weigh), weicjJtt: 

as, ec^ipon'derdXQy to be in equal weight ; over- 
poise'y to ouiweigh ; pori'dox, to weigh in the mind, 

to examine ; pon'derow^, very heavy, weighty. 

jaort'rferousness, n. 

po»(/eros'ity, n. 
Xpoufid, n. 

pound'ing, a. 
Wpound'er, n. 

■prepoji'derance, n. 
j>Tepon'dera,ncy, it. 
'pxepon'derant, a. 
%pTepo7i'derale, v. 
Y>Tepondera't\ou, n. 
■prepo7t,'derating, a. 
su^eipoii'derate, v. 
xxnpois'ed, a. 

coun'teTpoise,v.&.n poise, n. & v. 
coun'ter/?oJ5ed, a. pois'ed, a. 
coun'terpoising, a. pois'ing, a. 
•fe'quipoise, n. pon'deT, v. 

eqmpon'dera\tce,n. pon'deral, a. 
eq^aipon'derancy, n.pon'derdble, a. 
equipoii'derate, v. pon'deraiQ, v. 
e(\a\pon'dio\i%, a. 
ivnpon'derahlQ, a. pon'derer, n. 
impon'derous, a. pon'dereA, a. 
imponderahiVhy, pon'dering, a. 
ovttpoise', V. pon'dermgly, ad. 

o'verpoise, n. pon'derous, a. 

oyerpon'derous, a. pon'derously, ad. 

PoN-o, V. 3. to jmt or place : as_, wp'posite, placing to. 
Jit ; compose', to /»/«<:e or set together ; depose', to 
put or lay down ; dispose', to set or put apart, to 
place or distribute ; expose' ^ to put out or lay open; 
impose', to place or lay on, to cheat ; oi[>pose', to 
put or set against ; -postpone', to put after or off; 
todelay ; com' post {j^ut togetheror?7z/.i-e(/), manure. 
an'tepone, v. a\)'positeness, n. compose', v. 

HDtepositi'on, n. appositi'on, n. compo'ser, n. 

appose', V. appos'itive, a. 

ajtpo'ser, n. *ap'rojyro«, ad. 

ap'posite, a. circum;;o5«7i'on, 7i. 

a^'posilely, ad. compo'tieut, a. 

compo'sad, a. 
compo'sedly, ad. 
compo'sedness, n. 
compo'siug, a. 

* Pommel, a hnob or ball ; the knob on the liilt of a sword ; the protube- 
rant part of a saddlebow; the round knob on the frame of a chair, <Vc. 

t Equipoise, eauality of weight or force, equilibrium. 

t Pound, standard or specific weight. H Pnuncler, a gun car- 

rying a bullet of so many pimnds, — as a tivelve-pounder. 

§ Preponderate, to oniweigh, to overpower in weight, to surp.jss in 
weight, * ApropoM, to {he intrpose, opportunely,— pronouncetl apropo. 




compGs'ite, a. 
composiii'on, n. 
compos'itivQj a. 
*comj)os'iloT, n. 
com'post, n. &, v. 
covapo'sxxxe, n. 
compound', v. 

dc/5o'soble, a. expos'ilory, a. 

depos'it, V. & n, expo'sure, n. 
"S^Aepos'itaxy, n. expound', v. 

de/?os'e7ing, n. & a. expoutid'ed, a. 
deposition, n. expound'er, il. 

\\Aepos'itoxy, n. expotcnd'mg, a. 

^de'pof, n. impose', v. . 

com'pound, a. Sen. *discom/'0«^', v. impo'sed, a. 
compound'ed, «. discompo'^ed, a. impo'ser, n. 
discompo's\ng,aSi7i.impo'sing, a. 
impo'sahle, a. 
d'lscompo'sure, n. impositVon, n. 
dispose', V. -fxTa'post, n. 

dispo'^able, a. Xn-npos'tox, n. 
d\s,po'sd\, n. impos'tnxQ, n. 

dinpo'sed, a. ini/jos'^ured, a. 

dispo'sex, n. inap'^osite, a. 

dispo'sing, a. &. n. 

incompos'ite, a. 

compound'ex, n. 
compound'mg, a. 
compound' able, a 
decompose', v. 
decompo'sed, a. 
decompo'sable, a 
decompo's'mg, a. 
decom/;oA'ite, a. 
dccoin;?osi/i''on, n , _ „^ 

decompound' ,v. Sua dis/?osi^i'ori, }i. 
decompound' ed, a. 
decompound' ahley 
decompound'mg,a. expose', v. 
depone', v. expo'sed, a. 

•fdepo'nent, n. & a. expo'sedness, n. 
depose', v. expo'ser, n. 

depo'sai, n. expo'sing, a. 

depo'sed, a. expositVow, n. 

depo'ser, n. expos'itive, a. 

depo'sing, a. & n. expos'itox, n. 

II indispose', v. 
indispo'^ed, a. 
indispo'^edness, n. 
indispo'sing, a. 
indispo«i/i'on, n. 
irdexpose', v. 
interpo'^ed, a. 
interpo'sex, it. 
interpo'sing, a. 
interpo'sal, n. 

* Compositor, in printing, one who sets types, and makes up pages and 
forms; one who sets in order. [ Deponent, a deponent verb, 

in the Latin grammar, has a passive termination, but an active or neuter 
signification, — as, loquor, I speak ; nwrior, 1 die ;— so called, because they 
have laid aside their passive signification. Also one v/hojaffs down or giees 
evidence under oath. ^ Drpositart/, a person with whom any 

thing is left or lodged in trust : thus, the Jews were the depositaries of the 
sacred writings. II Depository, a jilace where any thing is Iodised 

for safe-keeping, — as, a warehouse is a depositor!/ for goods. 

§ Depot ( Fr. ) a place in>'hich stores arc deposited for the use of an army ; 
cr a place for assembling recruits ; a deposit. * Discompose, to im- 

settle, to disorder, to disturb, to agitate. f Impost, placed on, a tax. 

X Impostor, one who imposes on others; one who assumes a character 
for the purpose of deception; one who cheats. 

II Indispose, to disincline, to alienate the mind, to render unfit, to disor- 
der, as the heaUhy fuuc tio'i:, ot tlic body. 




inler/>o'sing, n. 
"intcr/^os'it, n. 

iiiter;oosi/i'on, n. 

malapro/jro'sj ad. 

juxtaposi^'ion, n. 

o\>po'neai, a. & n. 

o\)pose', V. 

op/Jo'*ed, a. 

op/jo'ser, n. 

op/>o'5ing, w. 

op'posile, a. & u. 

op'/josi^ely, ad. 

op'posi7eiiess, ?i. 

op/)05i<i'on, n. 

om)ositVo\\\%i, n.. 

op/;os'«7ive, «. 
•f/jo'/ient, a. 
Xpose, V. 

po'sed, a. 

po'ser, n. 

po's'mg., a. 

vos'iteA, a. 

positi'ou, n. 

positi'ovidX, a. 
Wpos'itise, a. & n. 

pos'itively, ad. 

pos'itiveness, n. 
%post, n. & V.'ixgc, n. 
post'er, 11. 
post'ed, a. 
post'mg, a. 
post'hoy, n. 
pos^'chaise, n. 

pic/;o*i/i'on, n. 
Yirepositi'onaX, a. 
\)repos'itor, n. 
pre/;os'j7ive, a. & lu 
presup;t;os6'', v. 
])resup/yo'5al, n. 

y^os^'haste, a. & ad. presup/yo'sed, a. 
post'hox^e, n. presup/jo^i/i'on, n. 

post'iWB.Wy n. presup/;o'sing, a. 

pos^'master, n. propo'nent, w. 
pos^'mastcr-general,propo'«al, n. 

pos^of'fice, n. 
post'town, n. 
postpone', V' 
post/;o'ned, a. 
postpoViing, ft. 
postpo'?ier, n. 
postpone'raent, 7i. 
*pos'ii\re, n. & u. 

\ixopose', V. 
pro/;o'sed, a. 
pro/?o'ser, w. 
propo'^ing, a. 
•piopositVon, n. 
\)XopositV ond\, a. 
\)ropou)id\ V. 
^ropoimd'ed, a. 

pos'ture-\riastcr,7i. inopowid'ei, n. 
precompose'j v. -propouiid'ing, a 

predis;;o'Ment, n. 
Y)xedispose', v, 
predispo'sed, a. 
predisposi^i'on, n. 
predispo'sing, a. 

•pxov'osl, n. 

\t\\x'pose, n. & u. 
pur'posed, a. 
pur'posedly, ad. 
pur'/josing, a. 

* Interposit, a place of deposit between one commercial city or country 
and another. t Ponent, literally, seeing; western, — as, the ponent 

winds. ■^ Pose, to puzzle, to put to a stand or stop. 

II Positive, properly, set, laid down, expressed, direct, explicit, — oppos- 
ed to implied, — as, m positive words ; ateolute, — as, po.iitive commands ; 
real, existing in fact, — opposed to negative, as positive good, which exists 
by itself; whereas negative good is merely the absence of evil : or opposed 
to relative or arbitrary, — as beauty is not a positive thing, but depends on 
the different tastes of the people. § Post, a piece of timber set 

erect ; a military station; an office, that is, a fixed place or station,— as, 
the post of honour is a private station ; one who carries letters and dis- 
patches at stefed times; a mode of conveying letters, or travelling, by 
means of horses or men placed ready at different stages for expedition. 
Xenophon says, tliat Cyrus, king of Persia, established such stations. 
The original mhabitants of Mexico, in North America, had also such a 
mode of conveyance, when discovered l)y the Spaniards. *Posfiire, a 

placing of the body or thing; attitude, situation, state, condition. 




pui'posely, ad. 
pur'poseless, a. 
Tecompose', v. 
recompo'^ed, a. 
Tecompo'sing, a. 
recomposiii'on, n. 
redispose', v. 
Tedhpo^sed, a. 
redis/;o'sing, a. 
Teoppose', V. 
repose', v. & 71, 
Tepo'scd, n. 
xtpo'std, a, 
repo'^edness, n. 
Tapo'shig, a. 
Tepos'h, V. 
Tepos'ited, a. 
repos'iting, a. 
repositVon, n. 
*ie2}0s'ilory, n. 

8iiiierim/;o>ve', v. transpose', v. 
superimpo'sed, a. trans/?o'*al, n, 
superimpo'^ing, a. trans/;o'sed, a. 
superitT)po*Jii'on,7i. transpo'sing, a. 

swi^expose , v. 
superpo'6'ed, a. 
suY^er po'smg, a. 
super/;oie7i'on, n. 
su-ppose', V. 8i n. 
suppo'sable, a. 

transpo*2/i on, n. 
transpositVondX.) a. 
trans/;05''i/ive, a. 
unap'posite, a. 
uncoxixpound'ed, a. 
undecompo'^able, a 
undecompo'sed, a. 
undepo'^able, o. 
undispo'^ed, a. 
unexpo'sed, a. 
unimpo'^ed, a. 
nnixxxpo'smg, a. 

suppo'^ed, a. 

suppo'ser, n. 

suppo'sing, a. 

si{ppos«7i'on, n. 

supposj/i'onal, a. 
•f-supposi7i/i'ous, a. 

%vipposititi'o\xAy,<id.\xnoppo'sQd, a. 

suppo*i^«7J'ousness, unpropo'sed, a. 

suppos'i/ive, a.&zi. unpur'posed, a. 

suppos'i/ively, ad. untranspo'sed^ a. 
X^VL\ipos'itoxy , u. 

PoN-os {TTovd';, a TTiVCj, to work), leork, labour. 
geoj90/i'ics, n, geopott'ic, a. geopon'ical, a, 

VoNSj-pont-iSj m. 3. a bridge: as^jf^owi^fF^ a high priest 
Wpont'&ge, n. pontifical, a. Sen. pontiB.cVal, a. 

^pont'ifex, or ponti{'ica\ly,ad. pontiiici'an,n.&.a. 

pont'iff, n. -f pontoon', n. 

pontif'ic, a. *ponti('icate, n. 

PoPA^ /. 1 . the priest who slew the victitns. (See Papas. ) 
PoPLES,it-i5,»». 3 iheham; (heknee-poplit'eal,orpoplit'ic,a 

* Repository/, a place where things are or may be deposited for safety or 
preservation, — as, a granary is a repository for com, an arsenal for arms- 

■\ Supposititiotts, put by trick in the place or cftaraefer belonging to 
another ; not genuine, — as, a supposititious child or writing. 

%Suppository, in medicine, a long cylindrical body introduced into the rec- 
tum to procure stools, when clysters (injections) cannot be administered. 

I Pontage, a duty paid for repairing bridges. § Pontifex or Pontiff, 

so called, it is said, because a particular bridge over the Tiber was origi- 
nally built, and often repaired by the priests.-— Adam's Rom. Antiq. The 
Pope is now called Pontiff, or sovereign Pontiff. * Poncificate, the 

office or dignity of a high priest, particularly of the Pope. \ Pontoon^ 

a ttat-botturaed boat,— used in forming bridga over rivers for armies. 




VoruL-us, m. 2. the people : as, pop'uloxis, full of 
people ; pop'ulav, belonging to^ or beloved by the 
people ; pubTic, belonging to a \v\\o\q people, open ; 
^cpop'iihiQ or dispe'oplej to strip of people or i?i- 

archjDiii'j'can, n. pop'ular'ized, a. 
hlack-pe'opled, a. pop'ularizing, a 
depop'ulate, v. 
depoj/ulated, a. 
depop'ulating, a. 
depop'ulator, n, 
dispe'ople, v. 
d\?,pe'opled, a. 
dispe'o])leT, u. 
dhpe'opling, a. 
cmpe'ople, or 
imjje'ople, v. 
pe'ople, 11. Scv. 
pe'opled, a. 
pe'opl'mg, a. cS: n. 
pe'opUsh, a. 
*pop'nlace, n. 
pop'ulax, a. 
pop'tilarly, ad. 
jyoj/ularize, v. 

PORC-C/S, m. 2 
ling, a phj. 

*pork'ex, n. 
•fpork'et, n. 
porkling., n. 

pub'lhhing, a. 
pzii'lishment, n. 
xepe'ople, v. 
lepe'opled, a. 
repe'opUng, 71. &. a. 
\\iepub'lic, n. 
Tepub'lica.n, a.&7i. 

porcine, a. 
§/Jor'cMpine, n. 
pork, n. 

popnlar'iiy, n. 

pop'ulaie, V. 

pop'ulafed, a. 
•fpoptda' Hon, n. 

pop'ulat'xng, a. 

pop'tilous, a. 

pop'ulously, ad. 

pop'ulousness, n. 

pub'lic, a. & 71 

pub'licly, ad. 

pub'licness, 71. 
Xpub'Ucan, n. 

publication, n. 

picblic'ity, 11. 

joM///«c-spiritcd, a 

/;7/67Jc-spiritecliiess wnpop'iilar, a. 

pub'/ish, V. nnpopular'ity, u. 

jottiVished, a. unptcb'lic, a. 

piib'lisher, n. unpzf67ished, a. 

a hog : as, pork'er, hog's flesh ; pork' 

:}:/)or'poise, or 
por'pus, n. 

repub'licanhm, 71. 
lepublica'l'wn, ii. 
lepub'lhh, V. 
repub'lished, a. 
repub'lisher, 7i. 
vepub'lishing, «. 
unpe'ople, v. 
unpe'opled, a. 
unpe'opUng, a. 

* Populace, the common people. f Population, the act of peophngt 

the whoie number of people or inhabitants in a country ; the state of 
country with regard to its number of inhabitants. 

J: Publican, originally, a tax-gatherer; an iim-keeper. 

H Republic, a state or form of government in whicli the exercise of sove- 
reign power is lodged in representatives elected by the people ; a common- 
wealth. In modern usage, it differs from democract/, in which tlie people 
exercise the powers of sovereignty in person. Republic of Letters, the col- 
lective body of learned rnen. § Porcupine, a kind of large 
hedgehog. * Purker, a hog, a pig. \ Porket, a young hog. 

% Porpoise or Porpus, the sea-hng 

FOR 419 FOR 

PoR-os {-ro^og, d -Trii^co, to pierce OY pass), a passage 
or wai/ : as, po'rous, having pores or passages for 
fluids or perspiration. 
*apo'ria, n. pore, n. poros'iiy, n. 

•f-empoVium, n. po'ry^ a. %fio'r\sm, n. 

^oViness, n. poris'iic, or 

impo'rous, a. po'rous, a. poris'tical, a. 

imporos'ityj n. j^oVousness, n. 
PoRPHYR-y4 {Tio^^vgu), pmple. 
Wpor'phyry, n> porphyrit'ic, a. porphi/ra'ceous, a. 

por'phyrize, v. 
Vo'RR-o, adv. forth, farther : aSj portend', to foreshow. 
%porrec'i\on, n. /^ortend'ed, a. *jyortent', n. 
portend', v. ^ortend'ing, a. /?ortent'ous, a. 

PoRR-C7A/_, 71. 2. a leek, a scallion ; green. 

porra'ceous, a. Xpor'r\^^(t, n. ||/>or'ringer, n. 

•\por'r&t, n. jjorVidge-pot, n. 

PoRT-^_, /. 1. a gate of a city, a door. (See Porto.) 

PoRTio,on-is,f.3. {di^aYs),apai't,apo7'tion. See Pars. 

PoRT-o, V. 1. ^0 carry or hear, to import or betoken : 
as, comport'f to bear with or carjy together^ to 
suit or accord; dejoor^'ment^ carriage, behaviour, 
conduct ; ey^port' , to carry out ; report' , to bear or 
caro-y back ; \m.port', to carry m, to mean, to imply. 

comport', V. covnpori'uient, n. depor/'ing, a. 

com'port, n. deport', v. & n. deport'ment, ?i. 

comport' able. a. deporta'tioii, n. export', v. 

deport'ed, a. ex'port, n. 

* Aporia, in rhetoric, a doubting or being at a loss where to begin, or 
■what to say, on account of the variety of matter. | Emporium, a 

market or place of merchandise ; a town or city of trade, in which the 
commerce of an extensive country centres, or to which sellers and buyers 
resort from different countries. — Such are London, Amsterdam, and Ham' 
burgh. X Porism, in geometry, a proposition, seeking to deter- 

mine by whp.t means, and in how many ways a problem may be solved, 

II Porphyry, a mineral, a kind of marble, — so called, from a purple ground 
of a certain species found in Egypt. § Porrection, the act of stretch- 

ing /or</j. * Foi-^CTJ^, an omen of ill. j Pori-et, ascallif,n, 

a leek or small onion. !(. Porridge, originally, a kind of broth . 

with us, porridge is a mixture of meal or nour boiled with water or milk. 

II Porringer, a small deep dish for soups or liquids. 


exfort'ahle, a. 
exporta'tion, n. 
expori'ed, a. 
exporting, a. 
export'er, ii. 
import', V. 
im'porf, n. 
import' able, a. 
import'ed, a. 
import'ing, a. 
impo7't'axice, n. 
*impori'ant, a. 
iiri/?or/'antly, ad. 
importa'tion, n. 


insupporVably, ad. 
m\s,report'ing, a. 
mi^report', v & ji. 
mhreport'ed, a. 
H opportune', a. 
opportune'ly, od. 
oppoj-^u'iiity, n. 
%porch, n. 
*2^ort, V. & n. 
pori'ahle, a. 
port'ahleness, n. 
port'ed, a. 
importa'tion, n. port'ly, a, 
import'ex, n. porZ'liness, n. 

im/)07*/une',r &a. -fpor'laX, n. & a. 

Xportc\A'\\?,, n. & v. 
importu'nity, n. /^or/cullised, a. 
import'tmacy, n. \\Porte, n. 
■|-iiTi;;or^'Mnate, a. port'er, n. 
import'un&tely , ad. port'erage, 
iimport'unateness, port'age, n. 
§porf-fo1io, n. 
^rimpor/'Mous, a. *port'\y, a. 
inoppor/une', a. port'ico, n. 
inopportunely, ad. por/man'teau, n. 
insupport'ahle, a. -^-pur'port, n. & v. 

* Important, bea^-'mg on or to ; weighty, momentous, of great conse- 
quence, t Importunate, hearing on ; pressing or wr^ing in re- 
quest or demand. :j; Importuous or Unportuous, Iiaving no port, 
haven, or harbour. j Opportune, 6r JH^ing upon or to ; season- 
able, well-timed. § Porch or Portico, a covered walk. Former- 
ly, ihe porch was a public portico in Athens, where Zeno the philosopher 
taught his disciples, who were thence called Stoics. * Port, to can-y 
in form ; carriage or behaviour; a gate ; a harbour or haven ; aperture 
or opening in the side of a war-ship. A kind of wine made in Portugal, 
— so called from the town Oporto. 

t Portal, a gate or entrance. % Portcullis (a coulir, to slip down, 

Ft.) in fortification, a falling gate, hung over the gateway of a fortified 
town, or of a castle, to be let down suddenly, to prevent the entrance of 
an e».iemy. || Porte, the Ottoman court, — so called, from the 

gate of the Sultan's palace, where justice is administered, — as, the Sublime 
Porte. § Portfolio, formerly a thing for carrying leaves ; now 

a case like a large book, to cai-ry loose paper in. 

* Portly, of noble appearance and carriage; bulky, corpulent. 

t Purport, a 6ea?ing torlh or to ; design or tendency ; mer^ning or import. 



puY'porled, a. 
pur'/'or/ing, a. 
re-export', v. & n. 
re-exporta'tion, n. 
re-export' ed, a. 
re-export'ing, «. 
reim/jor/une', v. 
reimpor/u'ned, a. 
re\\x\portu'7b\ng, a. 
reporf, v. & n. 
report'ed, a. 
report'er, n. 
Tepori'ing, a. 
report'iugly, ad. 
support', V. & n. 
su-pport'ahle, a. 
swpport'ahleness, n. 
sn-pport'ed, a. 
suTpporfer, n. 
support'ing, a. 
support'less, a. 
transport', v. 
trans'port, n. 
transported, a. 
trans/wr/'edly, ad. 
trans/?or/'edness, n. 
transport'er, n. 




trans/'or/'ing, a. unimjDOri'ant, a. wwport'uow'i., a. 
XTanaporta'lion, n. unimpor^'ing, a. unsup/?or/'able, a, 
unjjori'ahle, a. unsuppor^'ed, a. 

PoRT-us, m. 4. a hm'bour, a port or haven. (See Porto.) 
PosiT-[7S, p.p. (a pono), placed or put. (See Pono.) 
Pos-os (ttos-oj), /iOi£} much — *j90.9Ctrogy,n. ;Josolog'ical,a. 
Poss-E {a potis, able, & esse, to he), to he able : as, 
myjos'sihle, that cannot he; im'potent, wanting 
power ; po'te?itQ.te, a person of power, a prince 
or king ; joosses'sor, one who possesses or occupies. 

•fpos'se, n. 
possess', V. 
po«ses'sed, a. 
posses'sing, a. 
joossessi'on, ii. 
possea'sor, n. 
/losscs'sive, a. 
2)osses'sory, a. 
pos'sihle, a. 
pos'sihly, ad. 
possibility, n. 
po'tency, n. 
po'tent, w 
po'iently, c$d. 

belliju'o/ent, a. 

dispossess', v. 

disposses'sed, a. 

disposses'sing, a. 

dispossessi'on, ?i. 

ignip'o^ent, a. 

impos'sible, a. 

impossibility, n. 

im'po/ence, ii. 

im'potency, n. 

im'potent, a. 

ini 'potently, ad. 

evnpow'er, v. < 

multip'o/ent, a. 

omnip'o^ence, n. 

omnip'o/ency, n. 


omnip'oiently, ad. po/en'tial, a. 

plenip'o^ence, n. 7^0/en'tially, ad. 

plenip'o^ent, a. po/ential'ity, n. 

plenipo/en'tiary, n. 

PosTER-c/s, a. {a post, after), after, that comes after: 
as, '^repos'terou?,, putting that before which should 
be after ; absurd. 
poste'rioT, a. poste'riois, n. posteriox'ity, n. 

* Posology, in medicine, the science or doctrine of doses. 
t Posse, an armed potv 67' ; hence, posse comitat us, the armed /orce of a 
country or shire. 


/JoVentate, n. 

pow er, n. 
poio'er^yA, a. 
pow'erfuWy., ad. 
poiu'er?\i\\\ess, n. 
pow'erless, a. 
pow'erlessly, ad. 
pow'erlessness, n. 
prepossess', v. 
preposses'sed, a. 
prepossessi'on, n. 
preposses'sing, a. 

puis s3.nce, n. 
puis'sa.x\t, a. 
puis'santly, ad. 
repossess', v. 
repossessi'on, n. 
unposses'sed, a. 
unposses'sing, a. 
unpreposses'sed, a. 

POS 422 pou 

"posler'iiy, n. \yrepos'lcrons, a. i^ve/JOsVerousness^n. 

■\-pt}sl'ern, n. ik a. prep.'»s7crouslyj «</• pos/il'lion, ii. 

PosTUL-0, V. 1. {(I poscO;, V. 3. to demand), to ask : as^ 
pos'tuhiQ or postuh'ium, the thing demanded in 
argument without proof. 

tTLpos'tul&ie, V. expos' iulatory, a. postula'tion, n. 
expos'tulating, a. pos'tulaxii., n. pos'tulatory, a. 

exposiula'tion, n. postulate, v. & n. postula,'tnm, n. 
expos' tula.tOT, n. 

PoTAM-os (7roT«,M.o;)j a river. 

\i\Y^opot'amuSy n. IMesojoo^a'wjiaj n. % potamoi' ogy .^ n. 

PoTENS, nt-/5;, a. {a potis^ able, &. ens, being), able, 
powerful. (See Posse.) 

PoT-o, V. 1. (k TToa), to drink: diS, po'tion, a draught, 
a doze ; com'potatQY, one who drinks with another. 

comjoo/a'^ion, n. ^;oi'able, a. & n. ^potfulent, a. 

conVpoiatoT, 7i. /»o^'«blenesSj n. *iiympo'sium, n. 

■gtrpota'tion, n. pota'tlon, n. sympo'siac, a. & n. 

Wjjoc'ulent, a. po'tion, n. 

PouSj, pod-05 (ttov^, 'zo^&z), the foot; afoot : as, polV- 
p>us, an insect or something that has many/ee^or roots. 

•\an'tipode, n. jooc/ag'rical, a. jioVypus, n. 

antija'ocTal, a. \\\w\'yiiode, n. ^tri'pod, or 

Xpodsig'ric, a. j)oVypo7is, a. tri'pos, ii. 

* Posterifs/, they iv?io come after, descendants, — as, the whole human 
race are the posterity of Adam. 

t Postern (a post), primarily, a back door or gate ; a private entrance : 
hence, any small gate or door. 
X Fotamology, a description of rivers, | PoculsJit, fit for drink. 

§ Potulent, pretty much in drink : fit to drink. 

* Si/m]X)siu7n, a drinking together ; a merry feast. 

t Antipode, one who lives on the opposite side of the g^obej and of course, 
whose J^et are directly opposite. 

4: Podagric (ab ay^a,, a seizure), belonging to the gout. 
- H Polypode, an animal with mxny feet, § Tripod or Tripos, a 

bench, stool, or seat with three ffet, on which the priest and sibyls in an- 
cient times were placed to render oracles. 




Vhacj-os (TT^cacTog, « Tr^no-aM, to do), done: as^ im- 
prac'ticahle, that cannot be done ; prac'ticef a 
doing often ; pragmat'ic, 7neddl'u\g. 
imprac'ticahXe, a. prac'tice, n. & v. pragmat'ic, a. 

praffmat'ical, a. 
pi'cigmat'ically, ad. 
pi'agmat'icalne&Sy ?i. 
prag'maiist, n. 
*prajc'h, n. 
unjaroc'^icable, a. 
un^rac'dsed, a. 

\mprac'ticah\y, ad. prac'iic, a. 
imprac'ticahleness, prac' tical, a. 
hy\practicdhil'ity,n.prac'iica\\y, ad. 
nvdl-prac'tice, n. practicalness, n. 
prac'ticahle, a. prac'ticar, n. 
prac'ticahly, ad. practiced, a. 
prac'ticahleness, n. prac'iicing, a. 
praciicabiVity, n. practiti' oner, n. 

Vray-vs, a. crooked; wrong, wicked: as^, dejt;r<^2j'«ty, 
a vitiated state of the heart, corruption. 

deprave', v. deprava'tion, n. deprav'ity, n. 

dcpra'ved^ a. depra'ver, n. -fprav'ity, n. 

dep7-a'ved\y, ad. depra'vin'^ a. undepra'ved, a. 

dejara'ucdiicss, n. daprave'mcnt, n. 

Vreci-um forVKiLT!i-UM, n. 2. a pricc, worth, esteem : 
as, depre'ci-dtc, to lessen or cry down /»r/ce or value; 
appraise' or ap/)re'c«ate, to value, to set a value. 

depre'cialQ, v. 
depre'ciated, a. 
depre'ciating, a. 
deprecia'liou, n. 
praise, 71. &. v. 
prais'ed, a. 
prais'er, n. 

'^pre cio\x%, a. 
pre'cionsXy, ad. 
pre'c'iousness, n. 

appraise , or 

apprize', v. 

appriz'ed, a. 

appraise' mont, or 

apprize'ment, n. 

apprai'ser, or 

appriz'er, n. 

appriz'ingj a. &, n. 

appre'ciaiQ, v. praisel&^'s, a. 

appre'ciated, a. prai'sing, a. 

appre'ciating, a. praise'worthy, ct. 

appreecia'tlon, n. prai^eVorthiness, Mndeprec'iaitd, a. 

appre'ciahlQ, a. 

* Pin.ris, use, practice ; an example or form to teach practice. 
\ Pravity, deviation from right; moral perversion ; want df rectitude, 
corrupt state. ± Precious, of great price or ut»ih. 

price, n. &l v. 
priceless, a. 
prize, V. & n. 
priz'ed, a. 
priz'er, n. 
priz'ing, a. 
nuappre' dated, a. 




PiiEc-OR, V. dep. 1. (aprseco, m. 3. a crier), to jiray, to 
entreat: as, do/>'r<?cate, to j^r^y against, or for the 
averting of a judgment, to regret ; im'^^recate, 
to invoke, as an evil on any one, to implore a curse. 
*ap/??rca7ion, n. inV precateA., a. pray'ingly, ad. 
fap'precatOTy, a. im'precating, a. ijl/^r^ac/i, v. 
compreca'tion, n. \vc\preca' tion, n. 
im' precatory, n. 
de/?V^cate, v. indepV^cable, a. 

dep'r seated, a. pt'O-y, n. 
dep'recat\ng, a. pray'ed, a. 
dep'recat'ive, a. pray'er, n- 
depreca't'ion, n. pray'erful, a^ 
dep'recafoT, n. pray'exivWy, ad. 
dep'recaiory, a. prai/'erless, a. 
im'prec&te, v. pray'ing, a. 

Vr-rd-a forVRMD-A, f. \. 2:>re7/, jjlunJer: as, d^ej/rc- 

f/ate, to rob, to plunder. 

dep'redate, v. dep'redaior, n. 

dep'redated, a. dep'redatoxy, a. 

dep'redating, a. preda'ceous, a. 

depreda'tion, n. pre'ded, a . 

VREm-UMjhr Vrjedi-um, n.2. a farm — pre'dial, a. 

Pregnans, nt-is,/or Pr^gnans, nt-/5, a. with child, 
big with young : as, imjK>r^^'?zate, to make preg- 
nant, or with young. 

preach'&x, n. 
preach'ed, a. 
preach'wg, n. & a. 
Wpreca'rioM^, a. 
preca'riow^y, ad. 
/«rc«'r Jousness, n. 
pre'cati\e, a. 
pre'catoxy, a. 
vmdep'recaled, a. 
unpreca'rious, a- 

pred'atoxy, a. 
prey, n. & v. 
prey'tx, n. 
prey'ing, a. 

irapregn, v. preg nance, n. 

\xx\preg'nate,v.8i.a. preg'nancy, n. 
impreg'jiated, a. preg'nant, a. 
imp7-eg'7iaiir\g, a. preg'nant\y, ad. 
impregna'tion, n. reimpreg'nait, v. 

Tehnpreg'nated, a. 
leimpreg'nat'mg, a. 
unimprcg'nated, a. 
nwpreg'nant, a. 

* Apprecafion, earnest prayer or well-wishing. 

t Apprecator;/, praying or wishing any good. 

X Pi each. This word is derived by some etymologists from prcB et dico. 
It is given in both ways. (See Dico, p. 165.) 

H Precarious , primarily, depending on request, or on the will or plea- 
sure of anothcrj uncertain ; held by courtesy, or by a doubtful tenure. 




Prehend-Oj v. 3. to take, to take hold of, to seize : as, 
wpprehend', to take or seize, to take with the un* 
derstanding, to think, to fear ; prize, that which 
is take?i ; imprefnahle, that cannot be taken. 

a\^prehend', v. \\comprise', v. 
a\)prehend'ed, a. compri'sa\, n. 
apprehend'er, n. compri's^di, a. 
aY>prehend'\ng, a. compri's'ing, a. 
aT^prehen'sihle, a. ^deprehend', v. 
a\)prehen'sion, n. deprehend'ed, a. 
a\iprehen'sive, a. deprehend'ing, a. ineprehen'sihly,ad. 
a\)preheii'sively,ad.deprehen'sion, n. misapprehend', v. 
apprehen'siveness, deprehen'sihle, a. misapprehend'ed,a. 
*'appre7i'tice, n.&v. depreheti'sihlcne^s, misapprehend'ing, 
appren't\ceship,n- *cn'terprise, n.&v. misappreJien'sion, 


ity, 71. 
indeprehen'sihle, a. 
irreprehen'sihle, a. 

•^•apprise', v. en'terpri^ed, a. 

appri'sed, a. en'terpriser, n. 

appri'sing, a. en'ter;;risinf^, a. 

Xcoxaprehend' , v. \mp7-eg'nah\e, a. 
comprehend' ed^ a. impreg'nah\y,ad. 
comprehend'mg-) a. unpris'on, v. 
coiYiprcheJi'sihle,a. impris'oned, a. 
co\nprehen'sih]y , impris'o)i'mg, a. 
coniprehc7i'sihle- hnpris'onn)cnt, n 

iiess, n. inap/nehcn'sihle^a. 

con\prehe7i's'ion , n. innp/rrche n's'w e., a. p7'is'on-house, n 
compreheiL s'w c, a. mc.ompreheii'nibXe^ prize, n. 
comprehen' s\vii\y , \ncomprehen'sih\y, \\xc:prehe7id', xu 
comprehen'sive- mcon^prehe7i'si- repreheiid'ed, a. 

nessj n. bleness, n. reprehe7id'er, n. 

preg'nahle, a. 
■\-p7-ehen'si\e, a. 
prehen'sion, n. 

pris'on, n. 
pris'oned, a. 
pris'oner, 7i. 
pris'onmg, a. 

* Apprentice, one who is bound by covenant to serve a naechanic or otber 
person, for a certain time, with a view to learn his art, mystery, or occu- 
pation, in which his master is bound to instruct liim. Apprentices are re- 
gularly bound by indenture. In old law-books, a barrister ; a learner of law. 

t Apprise, to inform ; to give notice, verbal or written, — followed by of. 

% Comprehend, literally, to take in, to take with or together ; to con- 
tain ; to include ; to imply, to understand, to conceive, that is, to tnke, 
hold, ox contain in the mind. || Comprise, to contain, to include 

§ Deprchend, to catch . to seize ; to detect, to discover. 

* Enterprise, that whi< h is undertaken, or attempted to be performed , 
an attempt, pavliculaily a bold, arduous, or hazardous imdertaking, either 
physical or moral. t Pichcmile, seizing, grnsping, 

II licprchend, literal- 
ly, 'to catch or seize again; to (hide, to b'amc, to censure, to accuse 

2 N 2 




reprchend'in^, a. repriev'ing, a. unapprehc u'.yihV-j ^a. 
Teprelien'sih]c, a. -frepri'sal, n. unaiiprehen'sive, a, 

reprehen'sihleneis, "^surprise', v. & n. unappri'sed, a. 

reprehen'sion, n. 
reprehen'sive, a. 
reprehen'sory, a. 
"reprieve', v. &. n. 
reprieu'ed, a. 

surj97'i'sed, a. 
surpri'^ing, a. 
surpri'singly, ad. 

unen'teijarjsingj a. 
UTxpris'oiitA, a. 
unre//n'eu'able, a. 

Prehens-us,;).j9. (a prehendo),to^"e72. (SeePrehendo.) 

Prem-Oj v. 3. to press : as, compress', to pj-ess toge- 
ther ; exp?-ess', to press or squeeze out, to utter; 
o\)press', to ^?r(?5S against ; hnprinf, to ^rg55 on. 

comjjre^s', u. expres'sing, a. imprint'ed, a. 

com'pr<r55, n. express'ihle, a. imprint'wg, a. 

compres'seA, a. expressVon, n. lucompres sihlc, 

compres'smg, a. express'ive, a. 

compressi'on, n. expt-ess'ively, ad. 

compress'ive, a. express'ixeness, n. 

compress'i\ely, ad. express'ure, n. 

compi-css'ihle, a. impress', v. 

compress'ihleneas, im'press, n. 

compressihW'iiy , n. uwpres'sed, a. 

compress'xxre, n. impress'mg, a. 

misprint', v. impressi'on, n. 

depress', v. impress'ihle., a. 

depres'sedj a. impressihiVity. n. 

dtpress'or, n. impress'ive, a. 

depres'sing, a. impress'i\ely, ad. 

depression, n. impress'ivene^s, n. oppress'or, 7i. 

depress'ive, a. inipress'ment, n. oppress'ive, a. 

express', v. a. &. n. impress'ure, n. opjjress'i\e\y, ad. 

expressly, ad. \\\mpri ma' I ur, n. o-ppress'ivene?i^, n. 

expres'scd, a. ixnprint', v. ovexpress', v. 

* Reprieve, to respite after sentence of death ; to suspend or delay tlie 
execution for a time,— as, to reprieve a criminal for thirty days, 

t Reprisal, the seizure or taking of any thing, or that whu h is tnlcn 
from an enemy, by way of retaliation or indemnification for s< methinLj 
taken or detained by him. ij: Surprise, to take unawares; to 

strike with wonder or astonishment ; to confuse. 

II Imprimatur, literally, let it he printed ; a license to print a book, &c 


ity, n. 
ixiexpress' ih\c, a. 
inex])r€ss'ih\y , ad. 
inexpress'we, a. 
inoppress'wQ, u. 
\\\&\ippress'i\j\c, a. 
insup;;7Tss'ive, a. 
irxepress'ihle, a. 
oppress', t». 
oppres'sed, a. 
cppres'sing, a. 
opprcssi'on, n. 




* press f V. &. 71. 

2Jres'sed, a. 

p7-es'sing, a. 

fres's'wgly, ad, 

pres'sQT, n. 

press'-hc<X, n. 
"^ press' -gang, n. 

p)-ess'ma,n, n. 

press'ure, n. 

print, V. & n. 

prmt'edj a. 

print'eT, n. 

print'ing. a. & «. 

jprin/'ing-inkj n. 

teimpress , v. 
rcimpres'sed, a. 
remipres'sing, a. 
reimpressVon, n. 
reirnprint', v. 
Teimpri7it'ed, a. 
reimpi-int'iiig, a. 
repress', v. 
repres'sed, a. 
lepres'ser, *!??. 
xepres'sing, a. 
repressi'on, ii. 

\t' print, n. 
Ts/>ri)it'ed, a. 
reprint'ing, a. 
swppress', ik 
sn])pres'sed, a. 
&n-ppres'sing, a. 
5up/;?'£'5si'on, n. 
sup^r^s'sive, a. 
sw^pres'soT, n. 
nncompres'sGd, a. 
wneyipres'sihle, a. 
xxnexpres'sive, a. 
mnrnpres'siMQ, a. 

Tepres'sive, a. 

vep'rimand, v. & n. unoppres'sed, a. 
prmf/ing--paper, n. rep'rimanded, a. unpres'sed, a. 
prm/'ing-press, n. rep'rimanding, a. unsup/;res'«ed, a. 
princess, a. reprint', v. 

Presbyter-os {TT^Kj^vT'.^oq, a TF^iG-^vg, old), eider or 
older ; a jyriest : as^, /Tt^s'^^j/fer^, mi elder ^ a jjriest. 
atchpres'byter, n. p7-esbi/te'rial, a. prcsbi/ie'rian\sm,n. 
con\presbyte'rvd\, a.preshyte'rian, a&.n. \\pres'bytery, n. 
Xpres'byter, n. 

riiEss-tyyi/, Slip, (d premo)j to press. {See Premo.) 

PiiESTiGi-yE Jor Vriesiigi-je, /. 1. ji(g<]ling tricks, 
deceits, i?iijJostures. 

pres'tiyes, n. prestigia'lion, n. presfiy'iatory, a. 

prestig'ioas, a. prestiyia'lor, n. 

* Press, to xtrga witli force or weight; to squeeze; an instrument or 
machine by which any body is squeezed, crushed or forced into a more 
coiiipPiCt form ; a machine for printing ; crowd, throng; urgency. 

t Press-ffang-, a detachment of seamen under the conmiand of an officer, 
empowered to impress men into tlie naval service. 

X Presbyter, so called, because the persons appointed to this office were 
somewhat adeanccd in age. || Presbytery, a body of elders in- 

cluding pastors and elders , in ecclesiastical government, a judicatory con- 
sisting of all the pastors of churches, within a certain district, and one rul- 
ing eider, who is a layman, from each parish, commissioned by the kivU- 
session to represent the parish in conjunction with the minister. I'lii:* 
body receives appeals from the kirk -session ; and appeals from the presby- 
tery may be carried to the provincial synod, and fiom the synod to the 
General Assembly. 




Prim-l's, a. (h pris, a. before, prior, a./or?ner), first : 
as, pri' mar y, oi' the Jirst ; jp/'m'ciple^ the Jirst of 
any thing, the cause or origin, element; pi'is't'me 
or pri??i'itlyo, Jirst, ancient ; primc'va], of the 
Jirst age. 

antip7-iri'ciple, n. 

a,rchpri'7na.te, n. 
^Ixnpri'mxs, ad. 
•fpre'mier, n. Sc a. 

pre'miership, n. 
Xprim, a. & v. 

pn'm'ness, n. 
\\pri' , n 

pri'mary, a. 

pri'marily, ad. 

pi'i'mariness, ii. 

pri'wiateship, n 

prima'tidl, a. 

primat'ical, a. 
*prime, n. a. &. v. 

pri'med, a. 

prime'ly, ad. 

prime'ness, n. 
•\-pri'mer^ it. 

py-imc'val, a. 

prime'vouSy a. 
:{:^;rimige'nial, o?- 

primoge'nial, a. 
i|pn'7«ig'enous, a. 

primiti'al, a. 

prim'iiivt, a. & n 

prim'itively, ad. 

prim'itiveness, n. 
§/;rimogen'itor, n. 
* primogcn'iinxe, n 

/)?-imogen'itureship,7;ri'o>-ess, n. 
•\primox'dii\\^ a. & n- pri'orate, n 

jon'mor'diate, a. prior'iiy, n. 

princeliness, n. 
pn?i'cipal, a. &. n. 
/)n'?i'cipally, ad. 
/)n;icipal'ity, n. 
p>i/i'cipalness, n. 
\\princ\-p'\a, n. 

prm'cipate, n. 
prin'ciYtie, n. & v. 
prin'cipled, a. 
%pri'or, a. Sl n. 

prince, n. & v. 
pr'/n'ccas, ii. 
princc'Aom, n. 
/)j-i7ice'like, a. 
princc'ly, a. & ad. 

pri'orsh]p, ji. 
pri'ory, n. 
pris'tine, a. 
^uhprVoVy n. 
unprincc'ly y a. 
uiijori/t'cipled, a. 

pri wangj a. 
PrISM-^, St-05 (7r^;<7f^x, -aro^, a tt^ic'J, to SatC', to cut), 

* Imprimis (Lat.) in thefii:st place ;j?r5< in order. 

\ Premier, Jirst, chief, principal ; the first minister of state, the prime 
minister. 4^ Prim, formal, precise. II Primacy, the chief 

ecclesiastical station or dignity ; supremacy. § Primate, the chief 

ecclesiastic in a church. * Prime, first in rank or in excellence ; 

blooming ; the spring of life ; to put theirs* powder in the pan of a gun ; 
to lay on the first colour in painting. | Primer, a small book 

in which children are^> .?^ taught to read. J^ Prirnis^enial or Pri- 

mogenial, first-Xioxn, original. Q Primigenous, first-ioxmeA or 

generated. § Pnmogenitor, i\\e first father or forefather, 

* Primogeniture, the state of being born first of the same family ; in 
law, the right which belongs to the eldest son or daughter. 

t Primordial or Primordiate, first in order; existing from ihc first. 
i Primrose, an early flower. || Principia, first principles. 

§ Prior, preceding in the order of time ; former, antecedent, anterior 
the superior of a convent of monk?, or one next in dignity to an abbot. 

Put 429 PRO 

that which has been sawn ; an optical glass used 
in experiments on light and colours. 
prism, n. prismat'iaxWy , ad. prism'oid, n. 

prismat'iCf a. pris'my, a, prismatoid'a}, a 

prismat'ical, a. 

Piiiv-uSj a. single, one's own ; not piihlic, peculiar 
taken away : as^ pri'vate, pecidiar to one's own, 
secret, a common soldier ; priva'tion, a taking 
aicay ; dieprive', to take from. 
deprive', v. yjri'uately, ad. pn'u'ileging, a. 

deprj'yable, a. pri'vateuess, n. \\priv'y, a. & n. 
depri'vtd, a. *privateeT', n. &. v. priv'ily, ad. 

depri'ver, n. priva'tion, n. &. a. priv'iiy, n. 

depri'vin^, a. •fpriv'atiye,a.& ji. ^priv'i/-chaniber, n. 
depriva'iion, n- priv'ative\y, ad. *^ny'y-council, n. 
dQprive'mQwi, n. priv'atiw eness, n. •\-priv'^-counse]lor,n. 
mdepri'vab\e, a. Jjonu'ilege, ?i. & v. priv'y-seal, n. 
pri'vacy, n. joriu'ileged, a. m\depri've,d, a. 

pri'vaie, a. &. n. 

Probat-i/s, J0.J9. (a i[)Yoho) ,t)'ied, approved. SeeProbo. 

* Privateer, a ship of war fitted out by private individuals, to seize or 
plunder the ships of an enemy in war. 

f Privative, taking away ; consisting in the absence of something ; not 
positive. Privative is in things, what negative is in propositions, — as, 
privative blessings, safeguard, liberty, and integrity. In grammar, a pre- 
fix to a word, which changes its signification, and gives it a contrary sense, 
—as, a (Gr.) ir> abyss, a bottom/e.s* gulph ; un (Eng.) in t«nwise, not 
wise; in (Lat.) in JMhuinan, not human. The word may also be applied 
to affixes, — as, less, in harm^es*, ivithout harm. 

X Privilege, literally and originally, a private law ; a peculiar benefit or 
advantage, right or immunity, enjoyed by a person, company, or society, 
not common to others. 

I Privy, private, secret, priuatehj knowing ; a necessary house. In law, 
a partaker, a person having an interest in any action or thing, — as, privy 
in blood. 

§ Privy-chamber, in Great Britain, the private apartment in a royal re- 
sidence or mansion. Gentlemen of the privy chamber, are servants of the 
king, who are to wait and attend on him and the queen at court, in their 
diversions, &c. They are 48 in number, under the lord chamberlain. 

* Privy-council of a king consists of a number of distinguished persons 
selected by him, to advise him in the administration of government.— 

\ Privy-counsellors, members of the pj-n'y-counril. They are made by 
the king's nomination, without patent or grant. 




rnoB-O;, V. 1. {(i probuS;, a. (jood, honest), to prore, to 
try : as, aypi-Qve', to like^ to be pleased with, to 
commend ; hnprob'ahlG, not likely ; probation, 
the act of />roying or trf/ing, a trial ; prob'iiy, 
goodness, honesty. 

approve, v. 
approv'ed, a. 
ajtprov'ex, n. 
apjoroy'ing, a. 
approve'va^ni, n. 
ap/)ro?/able, a. 
apjoroy'al, n. 
approba' fion, n. 
ap'probaliye, a. 
ap'probaiory, a. 
*coin'2Jroljate, v. 

disprov'ahle, a. 
dhpi'ov'cd, a. 
disprov'er, n. 
disjorou'ing, a. 
disproof, n. 
improh'ahXe, a. 
improb'ahly, ad. 

irrejDro?)'«ble, a. 
\rrcprov'ah\y, ad, 
prob'ahle, a. 
prob'ahly, ad. 
probahiVity, ii. 
% pro' bate, n. 
proba'tion, n. 

improb'ity, n. 

improve', v. 
disapproba'iion, n. improv'cd, a. 
disap'probutory , a. improv'er, n. 
•\disa\)])rove', v. improv'ing, a. 
disapjorou'al, n. ixnprove'iweui, n. 
disapprov'ed, a. impi-ov'ahlc, a. 

disap/)>'o?/ing, a. 
\:disprovc', v. 

improbahiVity, n. proba'tional, a. 

proba' tionary, a. 

proba'lioner, n. 

*pro'bative, or 

pro'batoxy, a. 
•fproha'lor, n. 
Xproba'lwxa est, n. 
\\ probe, n. & v. 

j3»'o5e'- scissors, n. 

imjorov'ableness, n. prob'iiy, n. 
\mprova\)iViiy,n. %proof, n. & a. 

* Comprohatc, to agree in approvine;, to concur in testimony. 

t Disapprove, to dislike, to condemn in opinion or judgment, to censure 
as wiong. X Disprove, to prove to be false or erroneous, to con - 

fute,— as, to disprove an assertion, a statement, an argument, a propo - 

§ Probate, the proving of the genuineness and validity of a will or testa- 
ment. The right or jurisdiction of p;'oyi«g wills. In Eiiglaud, the spiri- 
tual court has the prolate of wills. 

• Probative or Probatory, serving for trial or proof. 

t Probator, an examiner, an approver ; in law, an accuser. 

% Probatum est (Lat. it i?, proved), an expression subjoined to a receipt, 
for the cure of a disease, denoting that ft has been tried or proved. 

Probe, to try ; to examine a wound, ulcer, or some cavity of the body, 
by the use of the probe or surgeon's instrument, thrtist into the part ; 
hence, to search to the bottom, to scrutinize, to put to a test; to examine 
thoroughly into causes and circumstances. 

6 Proof, trill!, experiment ; the degree of strength in spirit, which is 
indicated by little bubbles ajipearing on the top of the liquor after agita- 
tion, called the bead. In law and logic, that degree of evidence, which 
convinces tlie mind of the certainty of truth or fact, and produces belief. 
Firmness or hardness that resists imprest ion ; Crmiussof mind. In print- 
ing or engraving, a rough impressiou of a sheet, taken for eorrection. 




proofless, a. 
prove, V. 
prov'ed, a. 
prov'er, n, 
prou'ing, a. 
prove' able, a. 
prove'ahly, ad. 

ve]/robateness, n. self-;ippro?/iiig, fr 
rep'rohat'wg, a. self-rey^rou'ed, a 

ntlf-reprov'ing^uS>. it 
unappro?/ed, a. 
unimprov'ed, a. 
unim/)roy'ablc, a. 
unprov'eA, a. 
uurcprov'ed, a. 
unre/^rou'flble, a. 

leprolia'liovi, n, 
xepro'oa'tionQr, n. 
■\xcprove', V. 
xtprov'tA, a. 
reprov'eT, n. 
*rep'robate,a.n.&v. reprov'in^, a. 
lep'robated, a. leprov'ahle, a- 
rep'robater, n. reproof, n. ^ 

Probr-l/m, n. 2. a shameful or wicked action, dis- 
grace, reproach ; foul language : as, ex^jcro^rate^ to 

ex'probrate, v. '!J;:oppro'bri\im, n. opj9?'o7;r?ously, ad. 
exprobra'i'uyn, n. opfjro'ireous, a. op/jro'^riousnesSjW. 
exprobra't'ue, a. 

Pkocax, ^Q-is, a. p)ert, p)etulant, saucy, 
proca'cious, a. procac'ity, n. 

Prodigi-ltm, n. 2. {a prae et dico, to tell, or ago), any 
thing out of the common coiirse of things ; an omen, 
prod'igy, n. prodifft'ouslvy ad. prodir^i'ousness, n, 

prodigi/ous, a. 

Proem i-uM, n. 2. (Tr^ooif^iov, ab tt^o & oif^og, a wag or 

S072g), preface — pro'em, n. proe'mial, a. 
Prol-es, /. 3. an offspring or progeny : as, pi'oM'iQ,, 

producing young or fruit, fruitful. 

ImproM'ic, a. proM'lc, a. ;3ro/ifica'tion, n, 

joro/if 'ically, ad. unjoro/if'ic, a. 

proM'erovLS, a. prolif'icness, n. 
Prompt-z7Sj a. (a pro & emo), brought forth, ready 

(See Emo.^ 

* Reprobate, not enduring proof ox trial: rejected; ab?.ndoned in sin, 
or to error ; lost to virtue and grace. 

f Reprove, to blame, to censure; to charge with a fault to the face, to 
chide ; to excite a sense of guilt. 

% Opprobrium, reproach mingled with contempt or disdaii*. 




Pkon-[7S^ «. having the face downwards ; inclined, 
pronp, a, prone'ness, n. *prona'{ion, n. fprona'tor, n. 
Propag-0, in-/.<?, /. 3. (ab ago), a shoot or branch, a 

race, an ojf.-pring : as, pi-op'agate, to generate, to 


prop'agah\e, a. prop'ag&img, a. :{:;3ro//a^andism, w. 
prop'affate, v. propaga'tion, n. prcpag&nd'ist, n. 

prop'agated, a. prop'agator, n. 

Prop-e, adv. near : Vkoxiu-us, a. nearest, next : as, 
Vi\)prox'imQXe, nearest to, near to ; ^.^proach' , to 
come or go near to ; -propin'qiiitj, 7iear7iess in 
place, time, or blood. 

propin'qnity, n. 
approA^'imate, v.&a.propit'irxte, v. 
ap/jro.r'?'mated, a. propii'iated., a, 
appro.v'imating, a, propit'iahle, a. 
ai)pro.v'i)na.t\ve, a. propit'iating, a. 
approjri7?7a'/ion,?i. \\propitia'i\on, n. 
ai>proach', v. & n. propit'iator, n 
a\)proach'ah\e, a. 
approacA'ed, a 

prox'ime, a. 

proxim'ity, n. 
^reproach', v. & )i. 

reproach'ahle, a. 

reproach'ed, a. 

reproach'ing, a, 

reproach'ful, a. 

reproach' fnWy, ad. 
propit'iatOTY,a.8cnunapproach'ah\e, a. 
propiti'ous, a. unaipproach'ahle- 

a\iproach'er, n. propili'ously, ad. ness, n. 

approac/i'ing, a. propiti'oxisness, n. unap/?roacVed, a. 

ivrepi'oach'ahle^ a. unpropiti'oiifi, a. 

irTeproach'ab\y,ad. prox'imate, a. wnxeproach'ed, a. 
irrejtjroac/i'ableness prox'imat.e\y, ad. 

Propiti-0, appease, to atone. (See Prope.) 

* Pronation, the motion or act of turning the palm downwards, — op- 
posed to supination. 

t Pronator, among anatomists, a muscle of the fore arm, which serves 
to turn the palm of the hand downwards, — opposed to supinator.^ 

X Propagandism, the art or practice of propagating tenets or principles. 
• — Dtvight. 

11 Propitiation, the act of making near in favour, or propitious ; appeas- 
ing ; in theolopri/, the atonement, or atoning sacrifice offered by Christ to 
Gotl, to assuage his wrath, and render him propitious to sinners. Christ 
is the propitiation for the sins of men. — Rom. iii. 25. I John ii. 2. 

§ Reproach, to censure in terms of opprobrium or contempt ; to charge 
with a fault in severe language ; to upbraid ; to suggest blame for any thing. 

PRO 433 PRO 

rROPRi-i/s^ a.(<?prope),jt?ecw//ar, one sown; fit: as,ap- 
pi-o'pridiiQ, to make pecidia7- tO;, to make one's own ; 
jorop'erty, what belongs to any thing or person. 

a.\ipro'priah\e, a. exj)ro'pria.te, v. prop'erly, ad. 

aj)pro'pr'kuc^v.&.a. expropria'iion,7i. prop'ernsss, n. 

SiY>pro'priatsd,a. improp'er, a. prop'erty, n. 

appra'priatclyyud. improp'erly, ad. 2Jropri'etaTy,n.&a. 
appro'priateness, ■fimpro'p7'iate,v.Si.a.p7-oprVeior, n. 

appj-o'joriating, a. hnpro'priatedi, a. jJroprVeiress, n. 

appropria't'wu, n. impro'priating, a. propriety, n. 

appro' pri&ior, n. impropria'iion, n. unappro'priated, a. 
*v.'ppro'p7-ietary, n. impro'priator, n. 
disap/^ro'/^riate, a. impropri'ety, n. 
& V. :!j^prop'er, a. 

Pros-^, /, 1. language not metrical, prose, 
prose, n. & v. prosa'ic, a. 

pro'scx, n. prosa'i^i, n. 

PrOSELYT-OS {jTT^^ocryiXvToq, a fr^oq & IXiv&w, tO COme), 

one nei0ly come or arrived ; a new convert. 
\\pros'elt/te, n. & v. pros'eli/dsm, n. pros'elytize, v. 

Prosop-on (;r^65ra»7roy, d 5rg05 & &)■<]/, the look, the visage, 
of oTTTcf^xi, to look, to see), a visage, a character or 
person— %p'>'osopo\ep''&y ,n. ^p^'osopope'ia, or pros' opoj)y,n. 

Prosper, a. {a pro & spero, v. 1. to hope), luck?/, sue- 
cessfid : aS;, pros' periiy, success, 
improsper'ity, n. iinpi'os'pero\is, a. impros'perou&ly^ad. 

* Approprietary, a lay possessor of the profits of a benefice. 

t Ir^ipropriate, to annex the possessions of the church or a benefice to a 

% Proper, peculiar, one's own ; naturally or essentially belonging to a 
person or thing ; not common. That is not p) oper which is common lo 
many. Noting an individual ; fit, adapted ; correct, just. 

II Proselyte, a new convert to some religion or religious sect, or to some 
particular opmion, system, or parly. Thus, a Gentile converted to Ju- 
daism, is a proselyte ; a Pagan converted to Christianity is a proselyte, &c. 

§ Prosopolepsy, res'^ect of persons ; more particularly, a prem-ature opi- 
nion or prejudice against a person, formed by a view of his external ap- 

* Prosopopeia or Prosopopy, a figure in rhetoric, by which things are 
represented as persons, or by which an absent person is introduced as 
speaking, or a deceased person is represented as alive and present. It in- 
eludes persouijication, but it is more extensive in its signification. 

2 o 

PRO 434 PSA 

iin/)ro«'perousness, pfosper'ity, n. unpros'perous, a. 
pros'per, v. pros'perons, a. unpros' per onsly, ad. 

])ros'pered, a. pros'peronsly, ad. unpros'peroixsncs^. 

pros'pering, a. pros'perousness, n. 

Prote-i/s, m. 2. a, marine deity—* Pro'teus^n. pro'te3.x\,a. 

Prot-os {7r^aTo<i), first: as^ijorofoplas'tic^j^rs^foniied. 

77ro/7jon'otary, n. pro'^omartyr, n. §pro'iotype, n. 

pro/Aon'otary-ship, protoplast, n. ^prolox'yd, n 
-hpro'/ocol, n. p^-o^plas'tic, a. protox'ydize, v. 

:{:pro7ocolist, n. ||pro7opope, w. 

Proxim-us, a. (a prope), nearest, next. (SeePrope.) 
Pruri-o, v. 4. to itch : as, j(?rMr ig'inous, tending to 

Q, 2^^'urigo or itch. 
•\pru'rience, n. pru'rient, a. prurigfinouS) a. 

pru'riency, n. pruri'go, n. 

PsALM-^ {■^oiXfioij d ■<l'xXX6t)j to touch and put in mo- 
tion, — as strings of a musical instrument), a holy 
or sacred song : as, psal'ter, book o? psalms. 

psalm., n. psalmoA.'ica\, a. psalmo^raj^her, n. 

psal'inist, n. ^p^a^mog'raphy, n. psal'ter, n. 

psal'mody, n. p5a/w20g'raphist,n. ||psa^'^ery, n. 

psalmod'ic, a. 

* F}-ofeus, in mytliology, a marine deity, the son of Oceanus and Te- 
thys, who was supposed to assume various forms or shapes : hence one who 
easOy or frequently changes his forms, principles, or professions ; a turn- 

t Protocol (a xoXXot, glue), the original copy of any writing ; a record or 
registry ;— so called, perhaps, from the gluing together of pieces of paper, 
or from a spreading of it on tablets. (It was formerly the upper part of a 
leaf of a book, on which the title or name was wfiittea.— Webster.) 

% ProtocoUst, in Russia, a register or clerk. 

i Protopope, c^ite/pope or imperial confessor, an officer of the holy di- 
recting synod, the supreme spiritual court of the Greek Church in Russia. 

§ Prototype, literally, first type or form ; an original or model after 
which any thing is formed ; the pattern of any thing to be engraved, cast, 
&c. exemplar, archetype. 

* Protoxyd, a substance combined with oxygen in the first degree. 
t Prurience, an itching ; longing desire or appetite for any thing. 

^ Psalmography, the art or practice of writing psalms or sacred songs 
and hymns. 

I Psaltery, an instrument of music, (a kind of harp), used by the He- 
brews in their worship, the form of which is not now known. 

PSE 435 PTO 

PsEUD-os ('<^iv}og, d ^iv^o), to deceive), falsehood : 
as, pseudo-2i^os'i\e, a false apostle ; josew^og'raphy, 
false writing. 

psew6?o.apos'tle, n. pseiidoVogy, n. +j9sewc/omorph'ous,a. 
j05<?M'c?ograph, or pseiidO'-^ro^\\'ti,n. Xpseudo-\o\ca.'no, n. 
pseudog'xdL^hy^ 11. *pseudoi-n&t&V\xCj a. psetido.volcan'ic, a. 

PsYCH-E {-^^vzy), d "^vxi^, to breathe), the breath, the 
breath ofUfe; the sold. 
WmQterapsycho'sis^n.psychoVogy, n. psychoVogUt, n. 
%meiemp'sy chose, v.psycholog'ic, a. psychova' d^chy, n. 
*Psy'che, n. ^*?/cAolog'ical, a. psy'chomancy, n. 

Ptom-a {7rraf4,ot, a'ri7i:ra,tofall),afall: as^antip'^sis, 
in grammar, the putting of one case for another. 
antijD'/05is, n. tas'ymptote, n. §metem;>'^osis, n. 
•feip'tofe, n. nsymptofical, a. *monop'iote, n. 

aplot'ical, a. i\dip'(ote, n. ■\sym'ptom, n. 

* Pseudo-metallic lustre is that which is perceptible only when held to- 
wards the light, — as in minerals. 

|- Psciido-morphotis, not having the true form. 

X Pseudo-volcano, a volcano that emits smoke, and sometimes flame, but 
no lava; also, a burning mine of coal. 

II Metempsychosis, the passing of the soul of a man after death into some 
other animal body ; transmigration. Pythagoras and his followers held 
that after death the souls of men pass into other bodies, and this doctrine 
still prevails in some parts of Asia, particularly in India and China. 

§ Metempsychose, to translate from one body to another,— as the soul. 

* Psyche, a nymph whom Cupid married. 

t Aptote, an indeclinable noun, having no variation of termination, or 
distinction of cases. 

t Asymptote, literally, not falling in together, not meeting or coincid- 
ing ; a line approaching nearer to some curve, but though infinitely ex- 
tended, would never meet it,— as a tangent to a curve at an infinite distance. 

II Diptote, a noun which has only two cases,— as, suppetice, suppetias. 

§ Metempfosis, in chronology, the solar equation necessary to prevent 
the new moon from happening a day too late, or the suppression of the 
bissextile once in 134 years. The opposite to this is the proemptosis, or 
the addition of a day every 300 years, and another every 24G0 years, to 
prevent the new moon from happening a day too soon. 

* Monoptote, a noun having only one oblique case. 

t Symjitom, properly, something that happens in concurrence with an- 
other thing, as an attendant. Hence, in medicine, any atTection which 
accompanies disease ; a perceptible change in the body or its functions, 
which indicates disease. The causes of diseases often lie beyond our sight, 
but we learn the nature of them by the symptoms. Particular syynptoms, 
which more uniformly accompany a morbid slate of the body, and are 
characteristic of it, are called pathognomonic or diagnostic symptoms. A 
sign or token ; that which indicates the existence of something else. 




prociTi/Z/.Tsis, a. 9yrv.pfnmat'\c;i\^ a. ^'\uptomatoVogY,n. 
sym/)/o»?o/'ic, a. ^ymptnmat'icsiYLy, *tnp'{ole, n. 

Pty-0 {tttvm), fo apit . 3.^, pfi/s'jnagogue, a medicine 

that promotes discharges of saliva or spittle. 

hemop'/i/sis, or -fptT/'alism, n. pl?/s'magogue, n. 

henio/j/o'A'is, n. 

PuBEii;, a. (''/ puhes^ /. 3. down or soft hair), mar 
j)u'berty^ n. puhe%'cenc&, n. ptthes'cent, a. 

PuBLic-C75, a. belonging to the people. (See Popidus.'^^ 
VvsD-Eo, V 2. to be ashamed or modest : as, im'pud. 
ence, want of modesty. 

hiVpudence, n. 

InVpudency, n. 

iviVpiidQnt, a. 

im'pudtntly, ad. 

impudic'ily , n. 

PuER^ m. 2. a boy 

pu'erile, a. 
pueriVity, n, 

PuGN-^, /. 1. (h pugnus, m. 2. the Jist), a fight, a 
battle: as, o^yipugn , to conquer, to take hy assault ; 
ixnpugn', to attack or oppose ; or^pugn' , to attack. 

pu'dicsiX, a. 
pu'dency, n. 
pudic'ity, n. 

^repu'diate, v. 
lepu'diahle, a. 
xepti'diated, a. 
repu'diating, a. 
Tepudia'tioTi, n. 

as, pu'erWe, of or Uke a boy. 
/(Mer'peral, a. puer'-p^xow^, a. 

expitgn , v. 
expngn'er, n, 
expugjia'lion, n. 
expiK/'nahle, a. 
impugn', v. 
iwpiign'er, n. 

oj)pug7i'ed, a. 
o-ppugn'er, n. 
o-ppugn'ing, a. 
oppug'7iancy, n. 

OTppugna'f ion, n. 

YiYopugu', V. 
inexjmg'nahle, a. \>ropugn'eT, n. 
oppugn', V. pu'gilism, n. 

*pu'gilht, n. 
pjigilh'dc, a. 
pugna'cioviS, a. 
pugnac'ity, n. 
repug'nance, n. 
TQpug'?iancy, n. 
xepug'n&ni, a. 
repug'nanily, ad. 
uurepug'nant, a. 

* Triptote, a noun having three cases only. 

t Ptyalism an unnatural or copious flow of saliva ; salivatioT* 

• ■ ■•,•<", 
§ Repudiate, to put away, to d^vorce^— as a wife ; to cast away, to reject, 
to iiiscard. * Pugilist, one wlio fights with his/.v<*. 

PUL 437 PUxV 

PuLEX^ puliC-'/Sj m.3. a f,ea — pu'licoiie,or pu'licous,a- 
VuLL-us, m. 2. any young, a chick; a bud: 2,^,pul'lii- 
hie, to bud; puVhi, a young hen ; jjoult, a chicken, 
poulf, n. poid' (ry -yard, n. pullula't'ion, n. 

*pord'iereT, n. pid'let, n. repid'lulate, v. 

•fpord'fry, n. pid'lulate, v. xepullula'tion, n. 

PuLMOj ow-is, m. 3. the kings, 
pul'monary, a. piilmon'ic, a & n. 

PuLP-yi.;, /. 1. the pith or soft part of trees. 
Xpulp, n. Sl v. pidp' ousness, n. pulp'y^ «• 

pidp'ous, a. 

PuLPiT-UMj n. 2. a place raised^ where the speaker 

stands — \\ptd'pit,n. pulpit-eVoquence,n. pulpit -ox' aior^n. 

PuLS-uSj p.p. (d pello), driven, beaten. (See Pello.) 

PuLVis_, er-is, m. 3. dust, powder : as_, pulverize, to 

reduce to fine powder, as by beating, grinding, &c. 

pow'der, n. & v. pid'verate, or puFverous, a. 

pov/dery, a. pul'verize, v. pidver' nXence, n. 

pul'verable, a. pid'verized, a. pulver'ulent, a. 

^pul'verin, or pid'verizing, a. *pul'vU, n. & v. 

ptd'verine, n. pulveriza'lion, n. 

PuNCT-c/s^ p.p. (a pungo), pointed, jyyicked. (See 

PuNG-o, V. 3. to point oy prick : as_, coxnpunc'tio'n, a 
prickmg, a pricking of heart ; expunge' , to blot out 
-as with ^.pen,io efface ; pun' gent, pricking, acrid, 
sharp; poi'gn^ixii, sharp, piercing, keen. 

coxnpunc't'ion, n. compunc'tivQ, a. e'spung'ed, a. 
compunc'iious,a. expunge', tu expung'ing,n.&a. 

* Poulterer, one who deals in poultry. f Poultri/, domestic fowls. 

t Pulp, a soft mass ; the soft substance within a bone, marrow ; the 
soft, succulent part of fruit ; the aril or exterior covering of a coffee-berry ; 
to deprive of the pulp or integument,— as the coffee-berry. 

II Pulpit, an elevated place or inclosed stage in a church, in which the 
preacher stands. 

§ Pulvcrin, the ashes of the plant barilla, used in making glass and soap, 
and in bleacliing linen. * Pulvil, a sweet-scented pntcder. 

2 o 2 




punctuaX'ity, n. 
II j9»nc7uate, v. 

p^inc'luated, a. 

pmic'tnating, a. 

punctna,' lion, n. 
^vunc'tMXQ, n. &. v. 

punc'lvned, a. 

cxpMnc7io:i, n. ^pvyich, n. & v. 
poi'ffnance, n. pu?ich'tdy a. 

■poi'gnaxit, a. \\pu}ic'iate, or 

poi'ff na,nt\y, ad. punc'iated, a. 
point, n. & V. ^ptinc'tiform, a. 
point'er, n. "punctW'io, n. 

pomi'ed, a. pJincl'iVious, a. 

point'edly, ad. jj'oicllYiously, ad. piinc'tnring, a. 
point'edness, n. pii7ictiVio\isness,n. 
point'ing,a.SLn. -xpunc'to, n. pun'ffcncy, ?i. 

pointless, a. :{:j3«nc7ual, a. pun'gent, a. 

*pj07t'iard, n. punc'fually, ad. unpiuic'tnal, a. 

•fpounce, n. & v. punc'tv\a\\?,t, n. unj^«nc^uarity, n. 
poun'ced, a. punc'tualne^s, n. un^urt'c/uated, a. 

PuNic-uSj a. (d Poeni, Cartkacj/hiians), of Carthage 

or its inhabitayits — *pu'nic, a. Sl n. 
VuNi-Oj V. 4. {d poena, punishment), to jjunish : as, 
ivnpu'niiy, without piinishment. 
dis^Mn'ishable, a. pun'ishing, a. pu'niiive, a. 

imp^i'nity, n. pun'ishment, n. j;2f'nJ/ory, a. 

pu7i'is,h, V. pun'iahahle, a. unpiui'i&hed, a. 

pun'ished, a. puti'inhahleness, n. uupun'islriing, a, 

pu?i'isher, n. 
Pup-^, f. \. a young child, the image of a child ; 

apple of the eye, or eye-hall, 
•ypup, V. Sc n. Xp^'pf^t ^' Wp^'-'p'^h ^^• 

* Poniard, a small dagger ; a pointed instrument for stabbing, borne in 
the hand, or at the girdle, or in the pocket. 

t Pounce, a clnw or talon of a bird of prey ; to fall on suddenly, to fall 
on and seize with the claws, — as, a rapacious fowl pounces on a chicken. 

± Punch, to perforatey«o thrust against with something obtuse, (elbow.) 

II Punctate, in botany, perforated, full of small holes ; having hollow 
dots scattered over the surface. § Punctiforni , having the form of a point. 

*ru'nctilio, a nicepoint of exactness in conduct, ceremony, or proceeding. 

t Puncto, a nice point of form or ceremony ; the point in fencing. 

t Punctual, exact, observant of nice points. 

II Punctuate, to mark with points, — as in books. 

§ Puncture, a hole made with a sharp point. 

* Punic (a Poeni, the Carthaginians, from Phoeni, Phenicians, as Car- 
thage was settled by Plienicians), pertaining to the Carthaginians ; faith- 
less, treacherous, deceitful, — because they abounded in artifices, strata- 
gems, and perfidy. \ Pup, a whelp ; to bring forth wl'.elp-i or young. 

% Pupa, an insect in that state in which it resembles an infant in swad- 
ili'ing clothes, — railed chrysalis or aurelia. 
ij Pupil, one under age, or under the care of a guardian ; the eye-ball. 




jm'pila,ge, n. '"ptipiv'oraus, a, XP^P'PY^ ^^- <^ "♦ 

pu'pilixry, a. -^-piip'pa:, n. pup'py'ism, n. 

pup'petry, n. babe, n. 

PuiiGAT-t;,s% p. p. ('i purgo), cleansed, (See Purgo.) 
PuRG-o, I'. 1. ^0 maX;e clean, to pu7'ge : as, &yipiirg'.. 

atory, c/ea72sing, purifying ; purgato'n-a\., belong- 
ing to liurgaiory, 

compurga'l'wa, n. ex'purgator, n. 

comptirffa'toY, n. expurg'atory, a, 
purge, v. & n. 

ex'purgate, v. purg'&A, a. 

ex'purgated, a. purg'er, n. 

ex'purgaling, a. purg'ing, a. & n. 

expurga'iion, n. purga'tion, n. 

Purloin, v. (Fr. « pour, /or, Sc\o'm,/aro^,) to take 
or ca7'7y away for one's self, to steal. 

purg'at'ivc, a. 8l n. 
I purg'atory, n.Si a. 
piirgato'ri<x\, or 
purgaio'iian, a. 
supevptirga' Hon, n. 
nnpurg'QCi, a. 

purloin', v. 
piirloin'ed, a. 

purhin'cr, n. purloin'ing, n. & a. 

PuR-t/s, a. pure, clean: as, ivn'pure, mot pu7-e. 
antipu'rita,n, n. pu'rify, u. puriian'ical, a. 

pu'rifier, n,' puritdn'ica.\\y , ad. 

pu'rifying, n. & a. pu'ritaxiism, n. 
puri?'i\on, n. pu'ritanize, v. 
purif'icative, a. pu'riVy, n. 
purii'ica.toxy, a. /JuVist, n. 
^pu'riian, n. &a. pu. lieu, n. 
puriian'ic, a. unp7i'ri?ied, a. 

impure , a. 
impure'ly, ad. 
impure'ness, n. 
impu'rity, n. 
p7ire, ft. 
jyur ely, ad. 
pure'ness, n. 

* Pupivorous, eating larvas and crysalids of insects. 

t Puppet, a small image in the human form, moved by a wire; a doll. 

XPuppy, awhelp ; applied to persons.a name expressing ex^j-eme contempt. 

II Purgatory, among Roman Catholics, a supposed place or state after 
dtath, in which the souls of persons are purified, or in which they expiate 
such offences committed in this life, as do not merit eternal damnation. 
After this purgation from the impurities of sin, the souls are supposed to 
be received into heaven. — Webster. 

§ Puritan, a dissenter from the Church of England. The puritans 
Wore so called in derision, on account of their professing to follow thep?<;-e 
word of God, in opposition to all traditions and human constitutions. Hume 
gives this name to three parties ; the political puritans, who maintained 
the highest princijiles of civil liberty; \.\\e puritans indisnipUne,v\\o v/ere 
averse to the cereinonies and government of the Episcopal Church ; and 
tlie do<:fri}i'i/ punluns, who ii{^ idly dtfendcd tlie speculative system of Uie 
first reforn:.'is. 

PUS 440 PUT 

PuSj -pur-is, n. 3. the corrupt matter of sores : as, 
dep'uj'ate, to purify, (a chemical term) ; sup'/>2<- 
?'ate, to generate pus. 

de/''wrate, v- & a. */;w'rulence, n. pus'tuloiis, a. 

dep'wj-ated, a. pu'rulency, n. su-p'purate, v. 

de/?'Mrating, a. j^wVulent, a. snyt^purating, a. 

depura'iioTi, n. pus, n. sup/?Mra'^ion, n. 

dep'uratory, a. •\pus'tule,n. suip'puratiye,a.&.7i. 
pu'riform, a. pus'tulaXe, v. 

PusiLL-c75^ a. (a pusio^ m. 3. a child), weak, small, or 

4:/'W5i//anim'ity, n. pusilhn'imously, ^M5i//an'imousness, 
pusillan'imons., a. 

PuT-O;, V. I. to lop or prune J to thi^ik, to adjust ac- 
counts : a.B, WLn'putate, to cut off a limb ; com- 
pute' , to reckon ; ^x^pute' , to differ in opinion, to 
debate ; impute^ to charge, to ascribe ; repute', 
to think, to account. 
\\account', n. & v. account'ing, a.Scn. compu'tdble, a. 
account'able, a. accotm^'-book, n. compu'ied, a. 
am'putate, v. compu^tei, n. 

account'dbleness,n.a\n'putated, a. compu'ting, a. 
accountobil'ity, n. am'putating, a. 

accown^'ant, n. ampiita' Hon, n. computa'tion, n. 
account'eA, a. ^compute', v. ^count, v. & n. 

* Purulence, the generation of pus or matter ; pus. 

■f Pustule, a pimple, a blister ; a small push or eruption on the skin. 

X Pusillanimity , littleness or weakness of mind; that feebleness of mind 
which shrinks from trifling or imaginary dangers. 

II Account, a sum stated on paper ; an entry in a book or on paper, of 
things bought or sold, of payments, services, &c. including the names of 
the parties to the transaction, date, and price or value of the thing ; a 
computation of debts and credits ; a mode of reckoning ; narrative, a 
statement of facts ; an assignment of reasons ; reason or consideration, as 
a motive; value, importance ; profit, advantage; regard, behalf, sake; 
to deem, judge, consider, think, or hold in opinion; to value. 

§ Compute, to number, count, or reckon ; to cast together several sums 
or particulars, to ascertain the amount or aggregate ; to cast or estimate 
in the mind ; to calculate. 

* Count, to number, to tell or name one by one, or by small numbers, 
— as, to count the yesrs, days, and hours of a man's life; to reckon, to 
impute ; to esteem, account, think, judge, or consider. 




count'ahle, a. dis//M'/ing, ii. «^ a. pu'lative, a. 

coiint'ed, a. disputeless, n. recount', v. 

coiint'er, n. dis'/jw^able, a. xecount'ed, a. 

co?^n^ess, a. d.Wput?mi, n. & a. veconnt'ing, a. 

count'ing, a. & n. diaputa'iion, n. repute', v. & n. 

coM7i^'ing-housejn. dispw^a'^ious, a. leptite'less, a. 

corin^'ing-room, n. dispu'tative, a. rep'utahle, a. 

depute', V. disrepute', n. rep'utahlj, ad. 

depu'ted, a. disre//t<^able, a. repu'ted, a. 

depu'ting, a. dhxeputa'tion, n. xepu'tedly, ad. 

deputa'tion, n. impute', v. repu'ting, a. 

dep'utlze, v. imputed, a. repicta'tion, n. 

*dep'uty, 71. impu'ter, n. 

dep'ute-^er\S, n. in^pu'lmg, a. suppn^a^ion, n. 

■|-discoMn^, n. &. v. imputable, a. unaccoz^n/'able, a. 

discoMn^'able, a. impM'/ableness, 71. un&ccomit'dh\y,ad. 

discoM?i^'ed, a. imputa'tion, n. unacco?^n^'ableness, 

discount'er, n. \ri\pu'tati\e, a. v\ii.count'a\Ae, a. 

discount' mg,a. Sin. impu'tativeXy, ad. undis'pwtoble, a. 

dispute', V. & 71. indis'pw/able, a. undisp^i'ted, a. 

dispu'ted, a. iiidis'p?</ably, ad. unrecown^'ed, a. 

dispu'ter, n. indis'pwtobleness, unrep'utahlc, a. 

FuTR-is, a. rotten, fetid : as, ivaputres'cihle, that 
cannot be corrupted or become rotten. 
ivi\putres'c%\Ae, a. pu'lrid, a. pu'trifying, a. 

Wputi-ed'inous, a. pii'tridness, or put7-ifa.c'ti\e, a. 
putres'cence, 71. putrid'ity, 71. putrifac'tion, n. 

ptctres'cent, a. pu'trify, v. putrifica.'tion, u. 

putres'cihle, a. pu'triQed, a. unpu'tri&ed, a. 

Pygme (TTvyfiYi), the fist ; as big as the fist. 
%pyg'my, or pig'niy, w. & a. pygme' axi, a. 

* Beputj/, a person appointed or elected to act for another, especially a 
person sent with a special commission to act in the place of another ; a 
lieutenant ; a viceroy. A sheriff appoints a deputy to execute the duties 
of his office. t Discount, literally, a count'mg back or from ; 

a sum deducted from the principal for prompt or advanced payment ; to 
deduct a certain sum or rate per cent, from tne principal sum. 

II Putredinous, proceeding 
from, osT partaking of putrefaction ; having an offensive smell. 

§ Pygmy, a dwarf, a person not exceeding a cubit in height. This ap- 
pellation was given by the ancients to a fabulous race of beings inhabiting 
Thrace, who waged war with the cranes, and were destroyed by them. 

PYL 442 PYR 

PvLOR-c/s_, m. 2. (^ryAisygofj d frvM, a gate), tJie lower 

and right orifice of the stomach. 

pylo'rus, a. pi/lor'ic, a. 

Pyr, pyr-os (tv^, Trv^og), fire : as, empi/r'ealj fonn- 

ed of -pure fire and light, pertaining to the highest 

*empi/ro^s\s, n. -fpyr'ite, n. pyroxn'etexy n. 

empyr'eal, or pyrifa'ceons, a. *pyronom'ics, n. 

empyre'an, a. & n. pyrit'ic, or pyr'omancy, n. 
'fempyreu'ma, n. pyrit'ical, a. pyroman'tic, n.&t*. 

empyreumat'ic, a. pyr'iioas, a. -fpyro-ph'anous, a. 

empyreumat'icdl, a.pyriti?'exo\\%^ a. p?/roph'orus, n. 

"i^&mpyr'icaX, a. pyr'itize, v. ^pyroph'orouSy a. 

XpyritoVogy, n. ||/;yr'oscope, n. 

Wpyr'amld.^ n. pyroVatry, n. §/?yrotech'nics, or 

pyram'i^fal, a. p7/?-nlig'neou.s, or pyr'oiP'^hr)\, n. 

pyramid'iceil, a. WpyroVig'nic, or pyrotech'nic, a. 

pyramid'ically, ad. pyrolig'nous, a. pyrotech'nicalj a. 
%pyre, n. §/'^'*ol'ogy, n. pj/rotech'nist, n. 

'pyretoVogy, n. pyroVogxst, n. *pyrofic, n. & a. 
Pyrrho, o\\-is, m. 3. a philosopher, the founder of 

the sceptics. 

•^pyr'rhonism, n. pyrrhon'ic, a. pyr'rhonht, n. 

* Empt/rosis, a general Jire, a conflagration. 

t Empyreuma, in chemistry, a disagreeable smell produced from burnt 
oils, in distillations of animal and vegetable substances. 

if. Empyrical, containing the cctibiistible principle of coal. 

B Pyramid, a solid body, or figure having the form of flame. The py- 
ramids in Egypt may have been erected to the sun, during the prevalence 
of Sabianism. — Webster. § Pyre, a funeral pile ; a pile to be burnt. 

* Pyretolo^y, a discourse or treatise on fevers, or doctrine of fevers. 

t Pyrite, Jtre-stoue ; a genus of itiflammable substances composed of sul- 
phur and iron, or other metal ; a sulphuret of iron or other metal. 

4: Pyritolngy, a discourse or treatise on pyrites. 

II Pyrolignic or Pyrolignous, generated or procured by the distillation 
of wood. § Pyrology, a treatise on heat ; or the natural history of 

heat, latent and sensible. * Pyronomics, the science or laws of ligfit 

and heat. f Pyrophanous, rendered transparent by heat. 

ij: Pyrophorus, a substance which takes yire on exposure to air, or which 
maintains or retains light. 

H Pyroscope, an instrument for measuring the pulsatory motion of the 
air, or the intensity of heat radiating from afire. 

§ Pyrotechnics or Pyrotechny, the art of making jf;-e-works ; or the 
science whicli teaches the management and application of fire in its vari- 
ous operations in gunnery, rockets, &c. * Pyrotic, a crt?/*<ic me- 
dicine; cau^ticw \ Pyrrhonism t scepticism, universal doubt. 

PYX 443 QUA 

Py Tn AGORASj*m. l.{nv&xyo^ctg),an ancient philosopher . 
pi/tha(/ore'a,n,n.&'ica\, a. pythag'ori^xuy n. 
pythagor'ic, a. 

Python, m. 3. {Trv&m), a serpent killed hy Apollo. 
•\pyth'isxi, a. Wpython'ic^ a. ^pyth'onist, n. 

Xpyih'onessy n. 


QuADR-^, /. 1. (a quatuor^ybwr), a squai-e, or ajigure 
having four equal sides : as, quad'rate, square, a 
square, to suit, to agree with ; quadrQu'moi]., com- 
prising four years ; quadri'^'siX\Aie, divided into 
four parts ; quad'ru^Qdi, a y^z/r-footed animal ; 
quar't^Y, 2, fourth part/ quad'rd^vA, \\iq fourth part. 

h'lquad'rdiie, n. qxiadrsLXit'dl, a. quadri^e.c'im&\, a. 

hiquadrdii'ic,n.8i.a. ^quad'rat, n. ijliywa^nden'tate, a. 

*quad'ragene, n. quad'rate,a.n.8LV. \\quad'riiid, a. 
+qiiadrages'ima, n. quadratic, a. ^qit,adri]Vi'govi?,, a. 

quadrageg,'i\na\,a. quad'rature, n. *quadrilat'eral,a.6i.n. 
^quad'rangle, n. quadren'maX, a. •fquadrilit'exaX, a. 

quadran'g\j\ax,a. *quad'rih\e, a. iJr^'MaJrille', n. 
^qnad'rant, n. •\quadrica^'^\i\.ax,a. \\(iuadr'i\'\\Qn., n. 

* Puthagoras. See foot-note under Metempsychosis, p. 435. 

t Pvf''ian, pertaining to Pythia, the priestess of Apollo, who delivered 
oracles at Delphi. Apollo was the god of poetry, music, medicine, au- 
gury, and archery. 4^ Pythoness, a sort of witch ; also, the female 
or priestess who gave oracular answers at Delphi, in Greece. 

II Pythonic, pretending to foretell future events. ^Pythonist, a conjurer. 

* Quadragene, a papal indulgence, multiplying remissions hy forties. 
t Qnadi-agesima, Lent, — so called, because it consists of fotty days. 

j;. Quadrangle, a gwfldi-tlateral figure; a square; a tigure of four sides 
and /oM/- angles. |i Quadrant, ihe fburth part, an instrument for taking 
the altitudes of the sun or stars, of great use in astronomy and navigation. 

§ Quadrat, in printing, a piece of metal of different sizes, used to till the 
void spaces between words, &c. A mathematical instrument, called also 
a geometrical square, and line of shadows. * Quadrible, that may be 

squared. f Quadricapsular , having /o?<?' capsules to a flower. 

X Quadridentate, having four teeth in the edge. || Quadrifid, four-cleft. 

§ Qundrijugous, pinnate, \s\ih four pairs of leaflets. 

* Quadrilateral, ha.\mg four sides and/owr angles. 

t Quadriliteral, consisting of four letters. X Quadrille, a game played 
b> four persons with 40 cards, being the remainder of the pack after the 
four tens, nines, and eights are discarded ; a modern dance in sets oi four 

I! Quadrillion, a million multiplied thrice by a millioiu 




* guad'r ilohate, or gvad'ruply, ad. guart'ering, n.Sia. 

gnad'rilohed, a. tpiad'rtifiled, a. gnarl'er~day, n. 
■fguadr Hoc' \x\ivc, a. ' quad'ru-p\\r\g, a. -j-gwar^'er-deck, n. 
Xguadrino'm\sL\, a. giiadru'p\ica,te,a. ^Tywar^'er-master, ?;. 
Wguadrirp'anite, a. & v. Wquari'ern, n. 

guadripa.TtitVon,n. quadriipl\ca,'tiQn,n.^quar'io, n. Sea. 
%guadriph'y\lous,a. :!l;:qicar'antme,n.8LV.*gua'tei'-cousins, n. 
*guad'riveme, n. guar'antined, a. -fguat'em, a. 
•^-quadrisyl'lahle, n. guar'antinmg^ a. ^guaiern'ary, a. 
ijryuarf'rivalve, or \\qua7-t, n. H^'Wa^ern'ion,/*. & v. 

WquadrivaWulai, a. ^quart'an, n.Sia. §guaienVity, n. 
^guadriv'ial, a. guarta'tion, n. *guat'ram, n. 

*quadroon', n. *guart'er, n. & v. "fsguad'rorvy n. 
■fquad'riiman, n. giiart'ered, a. sguad'roned, a. 

guad'ru-ped, n. &. a. gnari'erly, a. & ad. '^square, a. n. & v. 

gtiad'ruj)\e,a-n.&v.guart'eTage, n. square'nesSy n. 

* Qitadiilobate, liaving fow lobes. _ f Qtiait-ilocitlar, having four cells, 
/<r<;- celled. tQuadiinomial, consisting of /ot<r denominations or terms. 

U Quadripartite, divided into /o?<y parts. ^Quadripht/ilous, having 

/I'Kr leaves. * Quadrireme, a galley with four benches of oars or rowers. 

t Quadrisyllable, a word of four syllables. :j: Quadrivalves, a door 

with/oi«- fi)lds or leaves. || Qundrivalvular, having /o?<r valves, 

/oMv-valved. § Quadrivial, having four ways meetnig in a pohit. 

* Quadroon, in Spanish America, the offspring of a mulatto-woman by 
a v/hite man ; a person ^waj-^er-blooded. 

t Quadntman, an animal having*/ciM>- hands or limbs that correspoiid to 
the hands of a man, — as, a monkey. 

X Quarantine, properly, the space of forty days ; appropriately, the term 
of forty days, during which a ship arriving in port and suspected of being 
infected with a malignant, contagious disease, is obliged to forbear all in- 
tercourse with the city or place. Hence restraint of intercourse, to which 
a ship supposed to be infected, is subjected, either fox forty days, or for 
any other limited term, according to circumstances. 

II Quart, the fourth part of a gallon. 

§ Quartan, designating the /oM/iA; occurring every /owrf A day; an ague 
that returns every fourth day. * Quarter, the fourth part. 

t Quarter-deck, the short upper deck. X Quarter-master, one 

who regulates the quarters and provisions of soldiers. 

tl Quarter?}, the fourth part of a pint ; a gill. 

§ Quarto, a book in which every sheet makes /owr leaves. 

*QMafe?--fousi«*, kindred in the/o7/r?/i degree; pronounced Zfa/^e>'-c?/2«*. 

t Quatern, consisting of fow ; /ow?'-fold. % Quaternary, the num- 

ber /o'^r. II Quaternion, the nwmher four ; a file of four soldiers. 

§ Quaternity, the number /owr. * Quatrain, a stanza of four 

lines rhyming alternately. 

t Squadron, literally, a square form ; hence, a square body of soldiers, 
infantry or cavalry ; a division of a fleet ; a detachment of ships of war, 
employed in a particular expedition ; or a third part of a naval armament. 

:J: Square, a figure v/ithfour equal sides, and four rigiit angles. 




QujER^o, V. 3. to ask, to seek, to obtain : as, cor\'q2(er, 
to subdue^ to gain by force ; mquire', to ask a qucs- 
tion^ to search ; request', to ask, to solicit ; require' , 
to demand; m' quest, judicial inquiry, search, a jury. 

%dii?.qnint\'on, n. inquhito'vial, a. 
Ijex'^-wi^ite, a. 
ex'quisitely, ad. 
ex'quisheneis, n 

* request', n. 
"f acquire', v. 

acqiii'rahle, a. 

acqvi'red, a. 

acqui'rer, n. 

acqitVr'wg, n. & a. m'qucst, n. 

acqiare'ment, n. iuqnire', v. 

acquisition, n. 

acguis'iihe, a. 

inq7j.isito'nons, a. 
*per'qnisite, n. 
•^exquisitVoTx, n. 
Yirerequire', v. 
•\ que' rent, n. 
inqni'rahle, a. que'rist, n. 

inqui'rQXiX, a. I^que'ry, n. & v. 
inqui'rer, tu \\qiiest, n. & v. 

con'quer, v. mqid'r'iXXii^, a. %qucs'lion, n. & v. 

con'querdhle, a. inqui'ry, n. qnes'tioned, a. 

con'querdhleness,7i.^inquisiti'on, n. qiies'iion'mg,n.&.a. 
con'qucred, a. mquisiti'ona], a. ques'tionahle, a. 
covi'quermg, a. inqjns'itive, a- & n. qiies'tiovia,l)leness,n. 
con'queroT, n. inquis'itiveiy, ad. ques'tionary, a. 

cou'q7xeress, n. inquis'itiweness, n. ques'tionev, n. 
con'quest, n. mquis'itor, n. ques't\om&i, n. 

* Acqiiest, the thing gained; a place acquired by force. 

t Acquire, to gain, by any nneans, something which is in degree perma- 
nent, or which becomes' vested or inherent in the possessor, — as, to acqidre 
a tide, estate, learning, habits, skill, dominion, &c. Plants acquire a gieen 
colour Ircm the solar rays. A mere temporary possession is not expressed 
by acqidre, but hy gain, ubtain, procure, — as, to obtain (not acquire,) a 
book on loan. ij: Disquisition, a formal or systematic inquiri/ 

into any subject, by arguments or discussion of the facts and circumstances 
that may elucidate trtith, — usually applied to a ivritten treatise. 

II Eaquisite, literally, sougJtt out or searched for with care ; whence choice, 
select; nice, exact, very excellent ; accurate, capable of nice perception or 
discrimination ; extreme. § Inquisition, inquiry, a searching, 

ofticial examination. In some Roman Catholic countries, a court or tri- 
bunal established for the examination and punishment of heretics (Protes- 
tants.) This court was established in the tenth century^ by Father Do- 
minic, who was charged by Pope Innocent III. with orders to excite Ro- 
man Catholic princes and people, to extirpate heretics (Protestants.) 

* Perquisite, a fee or pecuniary allowance beyond ordinary salary or 
settled wages. f Querent, an inquirer. % Query, a question ; an 
tnquiry to be answered or resolved ; to ask a question ; to seek, to inquire. 

11 Quest, act of seeking, a search. § Question, the ac.tof asking; 

that which is asked ; inquiry ; dispute or subject of debate; doubt; trial. 

2 p 




ques' tionlesSy n. Yeqm'rahle, a. 

*gnes'tOT, n. reqni'red, a. 

gties' t or shiiXy v. reqidre'ixiQnt^ n. 

\ques'tuaxy, a. &, ii. requVring, a. 

imcon'qiierdble, a, 
uncon'^-wered, a. 
uninqiiis'itive, a. 
uuques'tionahle, a. 
unqiies'tioned, a. 
unqries'tioning, a. 
uxiTequest'ed, a. 

Tecon'quer, v. \\req'uisite, a. & u. 

Teinquire'y v. req'uisitely, ad. 

Xxequest', v. & n, rey'awiteness, «. 

xequest'ed, a. reqtiisiti'on, «. 

request'er, n. requis'itive, a. 

reqnesi'ingj a. requis'itory, a. 

require', v. unac^'uiVed, a. 

QuAL-is^ a. of what kind or s&i't ; suck : as_, qtml^i^y, 
to Jit, to modify; qual'iiy, nature of any thing. 

dx%quaViiy, v. qual'iiy, v. qual'iiymg, a. 

disywa/'tfied. a. qual'iAer, n. qual'ity, n, 

di&qual' Hying, a. g/fa/ifica'tiou, n. qual'itied, a. 

dis^'Mfl/ifica'tion, n. qiial'iRedy a. anqual'lfy, v. 

q7ial'iG.ah}e. a. qual'iRedness, n. \xnqual'i^Qd, a. 

Q\jAi>!T-us, <z. how g7'eatj how much, as much as, 
§aFiyM«ra^, a, qjian'titative^ or * quan'lxim, n. 

quanHity, n. quan'tidve, a. 

QuABT-us, a. (a quatuor), the /hurt//. (See Quadra,) 
QuAss-Oj V. 1. (a quatio), to shake. (See Quatio 

and Cutio.) 
QuATi-o, V. 3. to shake : as^ quash, to crush ; to annul. 
qnash'ed, a. -fquassa'tion, n. 

conqitassa't'ion, n. quash'mg, a. squash, v. 8c n. 

quash, v. (See Cutio.) 

* Questor, in Roman antiquity, an officer who had the management of 
the public treasure ; the receiver of taxes, tribi-ite, &c. 

t Questiiary, studious of profit. % Request, expresses less ear- 

nestness than entreaty and supplication, and supposes a right in the per- 
son requested to deny or refuse to grant. In this it differs from demand. 

D Requisite, zeqiiireA by tiie nature of things or by circumstances ; ne- 
cessary; so needful, that it cannot be dispensed with. Repentance and 
faith are requisite to salvation. Air is r«g?u«fe to support life. Heat is 
requisite to vegetation. 

§ Aliquant number or part, is that which does not measure another 
number without a remainder ; thus 5 is an aliquant part of 16, for 3 timi.'3 
6 are 15, leaving a remainder cf 1. (See Aliquot, p. 448.) 

* Quantum, the necessary or requisite quantity: the amount. 

\ Quassation, theact of shaking, the state of being sAaften. (See Cutio.) 




QuER-oR;, V. dep. 3. to complain, to bewail : as, querv- 

mo'nious, complainmg, apt to complain. 
*guar're\, n. & v. quar'rehonxQly ,ad. querimo'mo\\^n-es,%y 
quar'reWer, n. guar'rehovaeiiess, -fquer'nlous, a. 

quar'relling, a.&n. querimo'nious, a. quer'ulously , ad. 
qiiar'relloua, a. querimo'niwisly, quer'ulowsness, Tt» 
guar'rehome, a. 

QuESTio/br QuiESTio, on-is, f. 3. (a qusero), a seeking 

or inquiring, a subject of inquiry. (See Quce7'o.} 

QuiD^ Quod, interrog.pron. n. (of quis, who ?) fVkat 9 

:!^quid'nunc, n. §^orflibeta'rian, n. 
Wguodlihet, n. quodlihet'ical, a. 

QuiEs, et-is, f. 3. rest, ease, peace : as, aQquies'c&nce, 
a quiet assent ; disqui'et, want of quiet, to deprive 
of peace, rest, or tranquillity. 

ncguiesce', v. disqiii'eter, n. 

acguies'cence, w. disqui'eting, a. 

acquis'cent^ a. disqui'etful, a. 

acquies'cing, a. disqui'etly, ad. 

*cop, a. & V. dhqui'etness, n. 

coi/'ish, a. dhqui'etude, n. 

coyly, ad. di%qui'etoxitS, a. 

coj/'ness, n. \nqui'et\xde, n. 

dlsqui'et, n. v. & a. quiesce', 
disqui'eted, a. guies'cence, n. 

guies'cent, 0. 
gui'et, n. & v. 
gui'eted, a. 
quVeter, n. 
gui'eting, a. 
gui'elism, n. 
•^qui'ethi, n. 
qui'etly, ad. 
gui'etne^s,, ». 
gui'et^oxne, a. 

* Quarrel, a brawl, a petty fight or scufiBe, from its noise and uproar 
a dispute ; to dispute violently, or with loud and angry words, to wrangle, 
to scold ; to fight, to scuffle, 'to squabble,— used of two persons, or of a 
small number, — as. How odious to see husband and wife qiiarrel! Chil- 
dren and servants often quarrel about trifles. t Querulous, com- 
plaining, or habitually complainmg'y disposed to murmur. 

% Quidnunc, (literally. What now ?) one always in quest of news ; or one 
who knows or pretends to know all occurrences. 
II Quodlibet, (Literally, what you please), a nice point; a subtilty. 
§ Quodlibetarian, one who talks and disputes on any subject at pleasure. 

* Coy, modest, silent, reserved, shy, not easily condescending to fami- 
liarity, j Quietist, one of a sect of mystics, originated by Molino, 
a Spanish priest, who maintained the principles of quietism, viz. that re- 
ligion consists in the internal rest or recollection of the mind, employed 
in contemplatijig God, and submitting to his wiU. 

QUI 44» QUO 

gui'etwAe, n. unqin'et, a 

*quie'i\is, n. unqui'etly, ad. wndisqui'eted, a, 

"^-Te'quiem, n. unqui'etn&s^, n. 

QuiNQUEj a. _^i'<? : as, qui'naYj, consisting of /?ye/ 

qui?i'quefid,five-c\eh ; qui7iq?(e\oc'\x\iiY, Jive-celled ; 

quingueden'ta-tG, ^ye-toothed. 
Ij^qiii'nate, a. quinqueden'tate,a. *qmn'quereme, n. 

qui'nary, a. "i^quinquefsi'noufi, a. quin'queva\ve, a. 

Il^-um'cunx, n. quin'quef\d, a. quinqueva,\v'ulaT,a, 

^-Mincun'cial, a. qmnquefo'liated,a. \quin'ques\x, n. 

quindec'agon, 71. quinqueWt' eraX, a. :!^quint, n. 

^wmdec'emvir, 11. \\q7im'quel6hate, or qumtes'sence, n 
^quirAecenVvirate, quin'quelohed, a. 5'7/in^essen'tial, a. 
*quinq?iages'in\a,7i. quinqueloc'ular, a. Wquintillion, n. 

quinqiian' gvlar, a. qmnquQn'niz\, a. quinlfu-g\e, a. 
•\-quinqueca\i's\\\ar^a. §^7/irt(7?/cp'artite, a. 

QuiR-o (comP- form o^qucero), to search. (See Quoero.) 
QuisiT-i/s (comP-form 0^ qucesitus) , sought, enquired. 

(See Qucero.) 
QuoT, a. how man?/, so many or as many as. 

^■.\Viq?iot, a. -fquo'ia, n. Wquo'tient, n. 

*quo'r\xm, n. ^Q^'^otid'ian, a. & n. 

*Qi(ietiis, rest, repose; hence, a discharge or acquittance; that 
whicn xilnnces claims. f Requiem, in the Romish Church, a hymn 

or mass sung for the dead, for the rest of his soul, — so called, from the 
first word. _ :}: Qi«?2fffe, in botany, having jii-e leaflets. 

II In gardening, the quincimx order is a plantation of trees disposed in 
a square, consistmg of five trees, one at each comer, and a fifth in the 
middle j thus, :■: § Quindecemvirate, the hody of fifteen 

magistrates, or their office, whose' business among the Romans it was to 
preside over the sacrifices. * Quinquagesima Sunday, — so called, 

as being about the fiftieth day before Easter. f Qainquecapsular, 

having yfw capsules to a flower. :j: Quinquefariuus, opening into 

^ye parts. \\ Quinq-neluhate,five-\dbeA. ^Quinquepartite, 

divided intoyJi'e parts almost to the base; consisting of two. 

* Quinqiiereme, a galley having five seats or rows of oars. 
+ Quinquevir, one of an order of five priests in Rome. 

X Quint, a set or sequence of five,— a. term at cards ; pronounced kint. 
II Qi(intillio>i, a million four times multiplied by a million. 
§ Aliquot part of a number or quantity is one which will measure it 
without a remainder. Thus, 5 is the aliquot part of 15. 

* Quorum (Gen. p!ur. of 9«t, who), a bench of justices, or such a num- 
ber of officers or raembet* as is competent by law or constitution to transact 
business,— as, a quorum of members was not present. t Quota, a 
jusi part or share, a proportional number. % Quotidian, daily. 

^Quotient, how muni/ Uxtiis, the number of times; a term in arithmetic. 

RAB 449 RAD 


Rabbi (Chal. h:^% lord, master), a Jewish doctor, 
*Rab'hi, or -j-ra55t»^c, a. & n. '^rah'bim&i, or 

Rab'bin, n. rabbin'ical, a. rab'bimte, n. 

Rabd-os (^xQog), a rod, a wand—\\rab'domancy, or 
rhab'doiiaancy, n. ^rabdoVogy, or rhabdoVogy, n. 

Rabi-es^/. 5, madness, rage: Qi.^,rab'idi, furious, mad, 
rab'iA, a. ra'ving, a. rev'eler, n, 

ra&'idness, n. ra'uingly, ad. rev'ehy, n. 

*rave, v. & n. •frev'el, v. & ii. rev'eling^ a. & n. 

Racem-us, m. 2. a bunch or cluster of grapes. 
Xraoema'tion, n. ||rac^wiPerous, a. rac'emous, a. 

"Rabi-vs, m. 2. the spoke of a wheel ; a beam or rai/ : 
as, e7'a'diate, to shoot as 7'a?/s of light. 

%hira^diate, or irra'rfiance, n. ^ra'diate, v. & a. 

hira'diated, a. iira'diancy, n. ra'diated, a. 

* coxradia' lion, n. -^octor a' diattd, a. ra'diaiing, a. 
era'diate, v. ra'diance, a. radia'tion, n. 
eradia'tion, n. ra'diancy, n. |lra(/iom'eter, n. 
ixra'diaiQ, v. i& a. ra'dial, a. ra'dius, 7i. 
irra'diated, a. ra'diant, a. & n. %fai/, n. 
irra'diating, a. ra'diantly, ad. rayless, a. 
irradia'tion, n. array', t/. i\ v. 

* Rabbi, a title assumed by the Jewish doctors, signifying ma^fer oi lord 
This title is not conferred by authority, but assunied or allowed by cour- 
tesy to learned men. | Rabbinic, the language or dialect of the 
Rabbins ! the later Hebrew. X Rabbinist, among the Jews, one 
who adhered to the Talmud and the traditions of the Rabbins, — in oppo- 
sition to the Caraites, who rejected the traditions, || Rabdomancy, 
divination by rods or staves. § Rabdology, a method of perform- 
ing mathematical operations by little square rods. * Rave, to wan- 
der in mind or intellect, to be delirious or wild ; to utter furious excla- 
mations. . t Revel, to feast with loose and clamorous merriment, 
to carouse. X Racemation, a cluster, — as of grapes. 

II Racemiferous, bearing clusters, § Biradiate, having two rays. 

* Corradiation, a conjunction of rays in one point. f Octo/adiated, 
having eight rays. X Radiate, to issue in rays,~as light ; to 
emit rays. H Radiometer (k radius, a rod), the forestaff, an in- 
strument for taking the altitudes of celestial bodies. 

§ Ray, a line of Ugfit, or the right line supposed to be described by a 
particle of light. A collection of parallel 7-ays constitutes a beam ; a col» 
lection of diverging or converging rays, a pencil of rays. 

2 P 2 

RAD 450 RAN 

Radix, Tc-^.s", /. 3. a root : as,, erad'ic^ite, to take out 

the roots or by the roots ; to root out. 

erad'ic^te, v. & a. rad'ically, ad. radica'tion, n. 

erati'icated, a. raJ'icalnesSj n. -f rarf'iclej n. 

erac/'icating, a. rarfjcal'ity, n. "^ra'dix, n. 

e7-adica'lioTi, n. *rad'icatey v. & a. unerrtrf'jc«ble, a. 

erad'ic&t'ive, aSiU. rad'icant, a. unerad'icated, a. 

rad'ical, a. & n. rad'icated, a. 
Rad-0^ v. 3. to shave, to scrape : as, ohrade' , to rub 

or leear off; erase', to rub or scrape out. 

abrade', v. trase'vaent, n. *raze, v. 

abra'rfed, a. er«'«ing, a. ra'«ed, «. 

abra'rfing, a. era'iion, n. -f razee', n. 

abro'sion, n. era'swxe, n. ra'z'mg, a. 

rase, v. "^ra'zox, 7i. 

erase', v. ra'snxe, n, 

era'sa\i\e, a. \\rash, v. ra'z^xre, n. 

era'stA., a. ^rash'er, n. 

Ram- US, m. 2. a bough or branch : as, ram'iiy, to di- 
vide or shoot into branches or parts. 
\\ram'age, n. ram'iRed, a. rayni^ca'tion, n. 

ra'meons, a. rayii'ifying, a. ra'moxxs, a. 

r^m'ify, V. 
Ranc--Eo, v. 2. to be stale, rancid, or strong scented : 

as, ra/^ces'cent, becoming rancid or sour. 

rances'cent, a. ^ran'cox, n. rank'ly, ad. 

ran'cid, a. ran'corous, a. rank'ness, n. 

ran'cidness, n. r«/i'corously, ad. •|-ra?i'Me, v. 

rancld'ity, n. *rank, a. 

* Radicate, to root, to plant deeply and firmly. | Radicle, that 
part of the seed of a plant, which, upon vegetating, becomes the root ; the 
fibrous part of a root, % Radix, a root, a primitive ivord, from which 
spring other words. I! Rash, to slice, to cut into pieces. 

§ Rasher, a thin slice of bacon ; a thin cut. * Raze, to subvert 

from the foundation, to destroy, — as, to raze a city to the ground. 

t Razee, a ship of war cut down to a smaller size. X Rn~or, an 

instrument for shaving. || Ramage, warbling of birds sitting on boughs. 

§ Rancor, the deepest malignity or spite ; deep-seated and implacable 
malice ; inveterate enmity. (This is the strongest term fot enmity which 
the English language supplies.) Virulence, corruption. 

* Rank, luxuriant in growth ; strong scented ; strong to the taste; ex- 
cessive. ^Rankle, to gtovi more rank or strong : to fester ; to 
become more violent, to rage,— as, jealousy runklcs in the breast. 




RanGj m. (Fr.) a row or line, rank, order : as^ ar- 
range' , to put in order, or in proper order ; de- 
range' , to put out of order 

dcranp'ing, a. rang'ing, a. & n. 

disar^-aiige', v. Xrank, n. & v. 

^'isarrange'mQnUn.rank'edi, a. 

^range, v. 8c n. ra7ik'er, n. 

rang'cd., a. rank'ing, a. 

■frang'er, n. unarran^/'ed, a. 

rang'ex-%h\^, n. underan^'ecl, a. 

arrange , v. 
ar rang'ed, a. 
arrang'er, n. 
aTrange'ment, n. 
arrang'ing, a. 
derange', v. 
derang'ed, a. 
dQrange'ment, n. 
Rap-iOj v. 3. to snatch, to carry away quickly hy force: 
enrap'twrQ, to transport with pleasure ; rajya'cious, 
given to plunder, seizing by force. 
^Arreptiti'ous, a. rapt, a- & n. rap'tex, or 

%coTrep't\on, n. ra/)a'cious, a. rap'tor, n. 

^direp'tion, n. rajoa'ciously, ad. ^\rap't\xre, w. 

rapa'ciousness, n. rap'twred, a. 
rapac'ity, n. rajo'^urist, n. 

%rape, n. rap'tuxous, a. 

*r«p'id, a- & n. ^rav'age, v. & n- 
rap'idly, ad. rav'aged, a. 

rap'idness, n. rav'agex, n. 

rapid'ity, n. rav'agmg, a. 

■\ra'piQX, n. "rave, v. 

"^rap'ine, n. ra'ving, a. 

enrap'tnxe, v. 

enraptured, a. 

enrapturing, a. 
•fenrau'ish, a. 

enravlshed, a. 

enrau'ishing, a. 

enrau'ishment, n. 
X^rep'tion, n. 
\\rap, V. & n. 

* Range, to set in a row or in rows ; to place in a regular line, lines or 
ranks ; to dispose in proper classes, orders or divisions, or in a proper 
manner ; to sail or pass near ; to rove at large. f Ranger, one 
that ranges, an officer or keeper of a forest or park ; a dog that beats the 
ground. % Rank, a row or line, applied to troops; a row, a line 
of things; degree, grade, class, order, division; dignity. 

II Arreptitious, snatched away ; also, crept in privily. 

§ Correption, chiding, reproof, reprimand. * Direption, the act 

o( plundering. i Enravish, to throv? into ecstasy, to transport 

with delight. % Ereption, a snatching or taking away by force. 

II Rap, to strike with a quick smart blow ; to seize and bear awai/,—&i 
the mind or thought. § Rape, a seizmg by violence ; in law, the 

carnal knowledge of a woman forcibly and against her will. 

* Rapid, very swift or quick. + Rapier, a small sword used only 
in thrusting. % Rapine, the act of plundering; violence, force. 

II Rapture, transport, ecstasy, violence of a pleasing passion, extvciric 
joy or pleasure. § Ravage, to spoil, plunder, pill;ige, or sack ; spoil, 

ruin, waste. * Rave, to wander in mind or intellect, to be dcliiious 

or wild ; to utter furious exclamations. 




ra'vingly, ad rav'ish'mg, a. rau'isher, n. 

"rav'ish, v. rau'ishingly, ad. rau'ishment, ii. 

rau'ishedj a. ray'ine, n. »"(/'le, n. & v. 

RapT-O {^XTTXa), to sew or stitch — fgasUor'aphy, n. 

'RxvT-uSjp.p, {dvwpio), snatched J seized. {SeeRapio.) 
"Rar-us, a. scarce ; thin, not close or thick : as_, i-are, 
not common, f^m, not dense. 

rare, a. rar'efy, v. ror'efying, a. 

rarefy, ad. rarefac'tion, n. rar'ity, n. 

rare'ness, n. rar'efiable, a. :{:raVeeshow, n. 

Ras-17Sj p.p. {a rado), scraped, shaven. (See RadoJ) 

Rat-v s,p.p.{a YeoY, thinTi^^thiuking, judging; 
established, Jixed : as, rate, o. fixed price, to value ; 
rat'i^j, to confirm, to make valid ; ra'tio, propor- 
tion; ra^/ocina'tion, the act or process of reasoning; 
ra'tion^,\i2,Nm<g reason or the faculty of reasoning. 

irrational, a. ra/'ifier, n. rea'son, n. & v. 

irrationally, ad. ra'lio, n. rea'soner, n. 

irra^ionarity, n. ra'^iocinate, v. rea'sonable, a. 
overra/e', v. ra/iocina'tion, n. rea'sonahly, ad. 

pro re nat'i. 
II ra'^ion, n. 
^ratioiidfle, n. 

ra'tionaX, a. & n. 

ra'tionally, ad. 

ra'iionalness, n. 

ra'Aioualism, n. 

ra'^ionalist, n. 

rationaVity, n. 

rate, «. & t>. 
ra'toble, a. 
ratably, ad. 
ra'ted, a. 
ra'ter, n. 
r a' ting, a. 
rat'ify, v. 
rat'i^ed, a. 
rafifying, a. 
ra/efica'tion, n. 

Rauc-us, a. hoarse, harsh — rau'chy, n. 

rea'sonableness, n. 
rea'sonmg, n.&a. 
rea'sonless, a. 
underrate', v. 
un'derraf^, n. 
unrea'sonahlc, a. 
unrea'sonahly, ad. 
unr^a 'sowed, a. 

* Ravish, to seize and carry axoay by violence; to have carnal know- 
ledge of a woman by force and against her consent ; to hear away with joy 
or delight ; to delight to ecstasy. f Gastroraphy, the operation 

of sewing up wounds of the abdomen. 4: Rareeshow, a show car- 

ried in a box, || Ration, a portion or fixed allowance of provisions 

for each soldier, and for his horse; proportional allowance. 

5 Rationale (Fr.) a detail with reasons ; a scries of reasons assigned. 

REC 453 REG 

Recens, nt-iS) a. new, fresh, newlii or lately made or 


re'cency, n. re'cenily, ad. re'ce7iiness, n. 

re'cent, a. 
Reciproc-us^ a. (a re & capio), ^oinc/ backiisard and 

forward, alternate, mutual. 

recip'rocal, a. &.n. recip'rocate, v. reciprGca't'ion, n. 

recip'rocaWy, ad. recip'rocated, a. reciproc'ity, n. 

recip'roca\ne%%^ n. recip'rocating, a. 
Recondit-us, a. (a con & do)^ hidden, abstruse. (See 

R-ECT-uSj a. (a rego)^ straight, not crooked ; right, 

fit, proper. (See Rego.) 
Regn-i/Mj n. 2. (a rego), a kingdom. (See Rego.) 
Reg-o, v. 3. to ride or govern : as, correct' , to make 

right or set rigid, to amend ; rec'toY, a governor ; 

rcc^'angle,, a figure of four re^'/?^ angles ; rec'ti^j, to 

make right; o'e'gion, a district under one ruler, a 

country ; re'g^, belonging to a king ; q-ex, a king. 
*arrect', or correct' ox, n. direc^'ress, or 

arrect'ed, a. ■fcor'rigihle, a. direct'rix, n. 

conir Aregular'iiy,n.cQv'rigi\AQn(i%s, n. direct'oxy, n. & «. 

correct', v. & a. %d\rect'^ a. & v. d\recto'ria\^ a. 

correct'dd, a. dxrect'eA, a. \\crect', a. & v. 

correct'mg, a. direci'er, n. erect' a\AQ, a. 

corj-6'c'^ion, n. A.Wect'ing, a, erect'ed, a. 

corrt'c'donal, a. direc'tion, n. Greet' er, n. 

direc^'ive, a. erect'ing, a. 

correct'ive, a. & n. directly, ad. erec't'ion, n. 

correct'Xy^ ad. d\rect'ne?,s, n. erectly, ad. 

corrgc^'ness, n. direct'or, n. erec^'ness, n. 

* Arrect, erect, attentive, — as a person listening. f Corrigible, that 

may be set right, amended, or refomcied j punishable. ± Direct, 

straight, right. — It is opposed to crooked, winding, oblique. It is also op- 
posed to refracted, — as a direct ray of light. Open, plain, express ; to point 
or aim in a straight line ; to point, to regulate, to guide, or lead ; to order. 
Direct is a softer term than command. 

II Erect, upright, or in a perpendicular posture ; upright and firm, bold ; 
raised, stretched, intent ; to raise and set uptight ; to raise, to set up, to 
build, to found, to form, to elevate. 




trect'ive, a. 
erect'or, n. 
extrareg'ulaVy a. 
incorrect', a. 
incorrectly, ad. 
incorrec^'ness, n 
incorrec'/ioiij n. 
incorVi_j/ible, a 

recta.n'g\x\a.r, a. 
redan' gularly, 
rec'iify, v. 
o-ec'ti^ahle, a. 
rec'ti^ed, a. 
rec'tifier, n. 
rec'tifying, a. 
r^c/ifica'tion, n 

incorVJ^ibly, ad. ^rectilin'eal, 01 
incorVi</ibleness, n.recti\in'eax, a. 
incorn^ibil'ityjW. jlrec'/itude, n. 

indirect', a 

indirectly, ad. 

indir^c^'ness, n. 

indir^c7ion, n. 
'^inXbtreg'nwm, or 

iniexreign', n. 
\\n'itrrex, n. 

irreg'ulax, a. 

irreg'uhxly, ad. 

irregular'iiy , n. 

%rec'tor, n. 
"rec'toxy, n. 

rectorship, n. 

recto'rial, a. 

rec'toral, a. 
•\-7'ec'ixess, or 

rec'txix, n. 
%rec't\xTn, n. 

re'gal, a. & n. 

re'gally, ad. 

regal'ity, n. 
\\rega'lia, n. 

misdirect', v. 

rect' angle, n. Sea. re'gency, n 

rectan'^ed, a. rcalnij n. 

%re'gtnt, a. &. n. 
ad. re'gentess, n. 
re'^entsliip, 11, 

'reg'icide, n. 
■freg'imen, n. 
I^reg'iment, n. 

regiment' &\, a. 
Ilre^iment'als, n. 

regivneni'ed, a. 

re'gion, n. 

reg'nant, a. 
^reg'ulax, a. &. n. 

reg'ulaxiy, ad. 
egular'ity, n. 

reg'ulate, v. 

reg'ulaied, a. 

reg'ulating, a. 

regula'tionj n. 

regula tor, n. 
*reg'ul\i3, n. 

reg'uUne, a. 

reg'ulize, v. 

reign, v. & n. 

* Interregnum, the time in which a throne is vacant, between the death 
or abdication of a king and tlie accession of his successor. 

+ Inf en-ex, a regent, a magistrate that governs, during an interregnum. 

z Rectilineal, right-WweA, straight. ^ Rectitude, rightn&ss oi 

principle or practice ; uprightness of mind ; exact conformity to truth. 

5 Rector, a ruler or governor ; in Scotland, the head master of a princi- 
pal school ; in England, a clergyman who has the charge and cure of a 
parish, and has the tithes, &c. ; or the parson of an unimpropriated parish. 

* Rect07-y, a parish church, parsonage, or spiritual living, with all its 
rights, tithes, and glebes ; a rector's mansion. f Rectress, a governess. 

1 Rectum, in anatomy, the third and last of the large intestines. 

g Regalia, ensigns of royalty, or insignia of a king ; the apparatus of a 
coronation, — as, the crown, sceptre, &c. § Regent, a governor, 

a ruler; one who governs a kingdom in the minority, absence, or disabi- 
1 ity of the king. * Regicide, one who kills a king ; the killing or 

murder of a king, ■\ Regimen, regulation cf diet. 

% Regiment, formerly rule, or mode oi ruling; a body of soldiers under 
the command of one colonel, consisting of usually from eight to ten com- 
panies. D Regimentals, the uniform dress of a regiment. 

§ Regular, agreeable to rule. * Regulus, the finer or pure part 

of metals, which, in the melting of ores, falls to the bottom of the crucible. 

REG 455 RES 

reiffn'ing, n- & a. riyht'inl, a. undirect'eA, a. 

rex, n. riffhi'fully, ad. unrect'i^ed, a. 

right, a. ad. n.Scv. right'£ulne&s, n. unri'ffhieous, a. 

right'ed, a. rule, n. & t;. ya\rV ghteoyx%\y , ad. 

right'ing, a. ritl'ed, a. anri'ghteousness, n- 

rightly, ad. rul'er, n. unrighf ful, a. 

right'ness, n. rul'ing, a. u^riglW, a. 

ri^ghteons, a. suhrect'or, n. upri^y^Hy, ad. 

righteously, ad. imcoTreci'ed., a. uj)right'ness, u. 

ri'f/A/eousness, «. uncor'npfble, a. 

Hegul-^j /. 1. (a rego), a rule. (See Rego.) 

Rem-i/S;, m. 2. ail oar. 

o^\a.d'x\reme, n. quin^querewe, n. *\x\'reme, n. 

"Rend-re, v. (Fr. a. reddoj o/ie & do)^ to give back, 
to render, to restore, to give. 

ren'der, n. & v. 'fren'dezvo\is,n.&.v. surreuWer, v. & «. 
ren'derahle, a. reri'dezv ou&irig, a- snrren'dexed, a. 
ren'dered, a. reii'dihlQ, a. %\xrren'deTing, a. 

ren'der'mg, a. & «. renditi'on, n. 

Ren-es, to. 3. the rei7is, kidneys. 

reins, n. re'nal, a. suprare'/ial, a. 

Rept-l'^m, sup. (a repo, v. 3. to creep), to creep : us, 
rep'iile, a creepi?ig animal ; 9'e^pent, creeping. 

^[rreptiti'ous, a. rep'tile, a. & n. suhreptiti'ons, or 

\\ohrepWion, n. suhrep'tion, or %\xtreptiti'o\\?:, n. 

ohreptiti'ou%, a. sarrep'tion, n. %ViXreptiti'o\x^\y,ad. 

re' pent, a. 

REPT-i7s(comP-form Oiiraptus'), snatched. (See Rapio.) 
Res, /. 5. a thing : as, re'al, relating to things, true, 

re'al, a. resl'iiy, n. re'alized, a. 

re'ally, ad. re'sWze, v. re'aliziiig, a. 

re'alist, n. realiza'tlor., n. 

* Trireme, a galley or vessel with three benches or ranks of oars on a side. 
+ Rendezvous (literally, render or convey yourselves, repair to a place), 
the place where troops assemble, a meeting. 
X Irreptitious, creeping in, encroaching. 
I Obreptiun, the act of creeping on with secrecy or by surprise. 

RET 'i"56 KHE 

Ret-e, n. 3. a net : as^ retic'uhiQ, nette'l, like a ?iet or 
*rei'ide, or reiic'ulate, or fret'ifonn, a. 

reticule, n. retic'ulnted, a. "^refiiiaj n, 

retic'ula,T, a. reticula'tion, n, 

ReXj reg-2'sj m 3. (a rego), a king. (See Rego.\ 

Rhapt-o (^^airra), to sew or stitch, to unite. 
JlrAa/j'sody, n. rhapsod'ic, a. rhapsod'ical, a. 

rhajVsodist, n. 

Rhe-0 Cfisw), to ftow ; to speak: as, rheum, 2. flow 
of watery matter. 

§catarr'A, n. hemorrAa^'ic, a. r^s'inousness, n. 

catarV//al, a. hem'orr^/oidsj or §?'£'s'i7io-electric, a. 

catarV/jous, a. eni'c'roids, n. *r^/Jno-extractive,rt» 

*chorera-morbus,n. liemonVioid'alja. -|-?72fi'oric, n. 
•f-diarr^s'a, w. I'jres'm. 7i. 

diarf^e^'iCj o. rcsiwif erous, a. 

I'^^'i/iiform, a. rhelor'ical, a. 

hem'orrhage, or res'inous, a. rhetor'icaWy, ad. 

nern'orrhaffYf n. res'ino^x'Aj, ad. rhetor'ici'au, n. 

* Reticle or Reticule, literally, a small net; a lady's small hag; a con- 
trivance to measure the quantity of an eclipse, a kind of micrometer. 

t Retifonn, has'ing the form of a fet. ^ Retina, one of the 

coats of the eye like a net, being an expansion of the optic nerve over the 
bottom of the eye, where the sense ol vision is first received. 

II RJiapsody, see p. 348. § Cntarrh, a kind of cold ; a defluxion 

or increased secretion of mucus from the membranes of the nose, fauces, 
and bronchiae, with fever, sneezing, cough, thirst, hvssitude, and loss of 
appetite, and sometimes an entire loss of taste. An epidemic catarrh is 
called influenza. * Cholera-morbus, said to be a sudden evacua- 

tion of bile upwards and downwards. See p. 321. 

j Diarrhea, literally, avowing through ; a purging or flux ; a fretquent 
and copious evacuation of excrement by stool. 

II Resin, an inflammable substance, hard 
when cool, but viscid when heated, exsnding in a fluid state from certain 
kinds of trees, — as pine, either spontaneously or by incision. Resins differ 
from gums, which are vegetable mucilage. 

§ Resino-electric, containing or exhibiting negative electricity, or thAt 
kind which is prod'aced by the friction of resinous substances. 

*■ Resino-extractive, designating extractive matter in which resin predo- 
minates, t Rhetoric, the art of sjieakin^ with propriety, elegance, 
and force ; the power of persuasion or attraction ; that which allures or 
charms. We speak of the rhetoric of the tongue, and the rhetoric of the 
heart and eyes. 

RHI 457 RID 

rhet'orize, v. rheu'my, a. *rheu'maiism, n. 

rheumy n. rheumat'ic, a. •\Rhi71e, n. 

Rhin Cg'v), the nose — :{:»-^i/ioc'eros, n. rh'moce'x'iA, a 

Rhomb-os {'^of/,Qogj d '^2jt4b<y_, to turn or whirl round 

to wander), a ushirUng motion; a rhomh. 

bir^om^oid'alj a. ^rhom'bo, n. rAom^oid'al, a. 

\\rhomb, 71. rhom'boid, n. ixirhomboidi'al, a. 

rhomb'ic, a. 

Rhythm-os {'^vSf^og, a. \iO}, to flow), measured movie- 
ntent, measure of time or liarmony in poetry or music^ 

rhime, or rht/mht, n. rythm, n. 

rht/me, n. & v. rhy'mhtery n. rhyth'mns, n. 

rhyme'less, a. rhy'nnc, a. rhyth'mical, or 

rhy'mer, n. ^rhythm, or ryth'rnical, a. 

RiDE-o, V. 2. to laugh ; to mock : as, deride', to laugh 
at in contempt, to mock ; rid'icnXe, contemptuous 

avride', v. derVd'mgly, ad. rid'icvile, n. & v. 

arrisi'on, n. de^'isi'on, n. rif/'iculed, a. 

deride', v. deri'sive, a. rid'ic\x\Qr, n. 

deri'rfed, a. deri'sively, ad. ^'irf'iculing, a. 

deri'rfer, n. de^'i'sory, a. %ridic'\x\o\is^ a. 

deri'c/ing, a. -^'irnsVon, n. rirfic'ulously, ad. 

* Rheumatism, a painful disease affecting the muscles and joints of the 
human body, chiefly the larger joints, as tlie hips, knees, shoulders, &c. 
so called, because the ancients supposed the disease to proceed from a de- 
fluxion of humours. t Hhine, a large river in Europe, rising in 

the Rhffitian Alps, and dividing Germany from France, falls into the Ger- 
man Sea. Its course is about 700 miles. | Wiinoceros, a genus 
of quadrupeds of two species, one of which, the unicorn, has a single horn 
growing almost erect from the nose. This animal, when full grown, is 
said to be twelve feet in length. There is another species with horns, the 
bicornis. They are natives of Asia and Africa. '^ Rhomh, lite- 
rally, a deviating square ; in geometry, an oblique-angled parallelogram, 
or a quadrilateral figure whose sides are equal and parallel, but the angles 
unequal, two of the angles being obtuse, and two acute. It consists of 
two equal and right cones united at the base. § Rhombo, a fish 
of the turbot kind. * RJiythm or RJiythmus, metre, verse, num- 
ber. Rhythm is successive motion subject to certain properties ; in music, 
variety in the movement as to quickness or slowness, or length and short- 
ness of the notes; in poetry, relative duration of the moments employed 
in pronouncing the syllables of a verse. t Irrision, the act of laugh- 
ing at another. ^ Ridiculous, that may justly excite lau^liter 
with contempt, — as, a fop and a dandy are ridicuLus in Iheir diess. 

2 a 

RIG 458 Riv 

rjJic'ulousness, n. risihiVity, n. unrit/tc'ulous, a. 
*ns'i\Ae, a. 

KiG-Eo, V. 2. to he cold or chill ; to be stiff: aSj, rig'vdi, 
stiff, not easily bent, strict. 

riff 'id, a. n^icVity, n. rig'or ously, ad. 

riff'idly, ad. frig'or, n. rig'or ouaness, n. 
ri^'idness, n. riff'o'ous^ a. 

RiG-0, V.]. to wate?' a field or the like ; to wet or 
moisten : as^ ir'r/i/ate, to water, to moisten. 
ir'ri^ate, v. u'rigatrng, a. \\\xrig'uo\.\s, a. 

ir'ri^ated, a. 'i^ixriga'tion, n. riga'tion, n. 

Ris-us, p.p. (a rideo), laughed, mocked. (See Rideo.) 
RiT-c/s, m. 4. a rite or ceremony. 
rite, n. rit'ual, a. &. n. nV'tialist, n. 

KiY-us, m. 2. stream of water, a river : as, covriva'- 
t'lon, the runnmg of different streams into one ; de- 
rive', to draw from any thing, as a source or origin. 
§arri«e', v. deri'ued, a. •\^ri'vdl, n. a. & v. 

a.rri'va\, n. deri'yer, n. ri'vahy, ?i. 

arri'^ying, a. deri'vmg, a. ri'valship, n. 

*der'?!?;ate, ?i. riv'er, n. 

co^ ri'vsX, n. a. Slv. deriva't'ion, n. riv'er-god, n. 
CO ri'vahy, n. deriv'ative, a. & n. riv'er-\vox%e, n. 

cO'H'ualship, n. deriw'a^ively, ad. riu'wlet, n. 

misderiug', v. uriarri'ued, a. 

outri'wal, v. undeWued, a. 

derive^ v. rill, n. unti'valled, a. 

deri'vahle, a. ril'let, n. 

* Risible, that may excite laughtei , kiughsihle; having the faculty or 
power of laughmg. ' f R>f,'0^> stitfness, r/^'trfness ; stiffness of 

opinion or temper, severity, sternness ; severity of lite, austerity ; strict- 
ness, exactness without allowance, latitude or indulgence. 

± Irrigation or rigation, the act of watering or moistening ; in agricul- 
ture, the operation of causing tvater to flow over lands, for nourishing 
plants, &c. _ II Jrriguous, watered, watery, moist, dewy. 

§ Arrive, literally, to come to the shore or bank ; hence, to come to or 
reach in progress by water, — followed by at ; to come to or reach by tra- 
velling on land; to reach a point by progressive motion, — like the flow of 
a river. * Derivate, a word derived from another. 

t Rival, one who Is in pursuit of the same object as another, a compe- 
titor, — originally so called, it is said, from the frequent contentions of 
proprietors whose lands were separated by a common brook. 




RoBUR, 8r-?.s% re. 3. oak; strength: as, rob'oroxii 

strengtheu'wxg ; robo'reons, made of oak. 

cor7'ob'o}'a,te, v. corrobora'iion, n. robo'reous, a. 
coTroh'orant,a.&n. coTrob'oraiive,a&n.robust\ a. 
covi'ob'orated, a. rob'orant, a. & n. robustness, n> 
coir ob' or a\{ng, a. 

RoD-0, V. 3. to gnaw, to eat or wear away : as^ cor- 
rode' , to eat or wear away by degrees; corro'sivQ, 
eatmg, wearing away ; erode', to eat out or away. 

corro'sJble, a. corro'^Mveness, n. 

avro'sion, n. coxrodihWity , or erode', v. 

corrode', r. corrosibil'ity, n. ero'deA., a, 

corroWed, a. corro'^ibleness, n, ero'ding, a. 

corro'deni, a. & n. corro'sioiij n. erose', a. 

coxro'ding, a. corro'sive, a.n. ero'sion, n. 

corroWible, or corro'sively, ad. 

RoGAT-us, p.p. (a rogo), asked. (See Rogo.) 
RoG-o^ V. I. to ask, to req?iest : as, der'^^ate, to ask 
from, to take away, to detract ; inter'^-oyate, to 
question, to examine by asking questions. 

ar'rogating, a. 
*ab rogate, v. arroga'tion, n. 

abVo^ated, a. ax'rogai'iwe, a. 

ah'rogaimg, a. der'agate, v. & a. 
abroga'iion, n. der'o^ated, a. 
ax'rogaxice, n. der'o^ately, ad. 

ar'rogancy, n. der'ogating, a. 

ax'rogant, a. deroga'tion, n. 

ax'rogauily, ad. der'ogative, or 

der'ogaioxy, a. 

der'o^atorily, ad. 

ax'rogate, v. 
ax'rogated, a. 

intex'rogate, v.8cn. 
interVo^ated, a. 
inter Vo<7ating, a. 
intexroga'tion, n. 
intex^rogative, a. 

& n. 
interVo^ator, n. 
vaiex'rogaioxy ,a&in. 

der'o5'atoriness,ri. ijTpreroyative, n. 

* Abrogate, literally, to ask or propose from ; to repeal, to annul by an 
authoritative act,— applied to the repeal of laws, decrees, ordinances, the 
abolition of established customs, <Sic. 

:|: Prerogative, literally, an asking or de- 
manding before, an exclusive or peculiar privilege. It is the prerogativt 
of a father to govern his children. 

ROM 460 ROS 

prero^'atived, a. ||superer'o^ate, v. §sur'ro^ate, ». 
•prorogue', u. 

proro<7a'/ioii, n. superero^ra'/ion, n. 

reinter'ro_^ate, v. . unab'ro/7ated, (X. 

•froga'tion, n. superero^'atory, a. undc'o^atory;, a. 

'^roga'tion-'wetVj n. 

VlO^ae (Vafzn), strength, power; the capital of Italy, 
icliere the Tope resides. 

Jiome^ n. *ro'mamze, v. -fRom'ulnSy n. 

Ro'many n. & a. ro'manized, a. Re'mus, n. 

ro'manism, n. ro'mish, a. unro'manized, a. 

ro'/wanistj n. ro'mist, n. 

ROPAL-ON (g«T«Aov), a club — ropal'ic, a. 

Ros, Yor-is, m. 3. dew : as, ro'rai, j'oYid, or ros'c'id, 

of dew ; roriferous, producing dew. 

ro'raly a. roni'erous, a. ro'rid, a. 

X^o'a'tlon, n. jlro? jf'luerit, a. ros'cidj a. 

l^os-A,f. 1. a rose : as, ro^sea}, like a rose in smell 
or colour ; rosa'ceous^ rose-like. 
rose, n. S'-o's^ate, a. */o'sary, n. 

ro'^ed, a. ''^'Kh ^' rosa'ceous, a. 

ro'sedX, a. 

* Prorogue, literally, to ask ox propose forward; to protract, to pro- 
long; to defer, to delay ; to continue the parliament from one session to 
another. Parliament is prorogued by the king's authority, either by the 
Lord Chancellor, in his Majesty's presence, or by commission, or by pro- 

^! Rogation, asTi'mg, supplication, litany; in Roman jurisprudence, the 
demand by the consuls or tribunes, of a law to be passed by the people. 

^ Rogation-week, the second week before Whitsunday, thus called from 
the \.\\xee fasts observed therein. || Supererogate, to do more 

than duty requires. § Surrogate, a deputy, a delegate, a sub- 

stitute ; the deputy of an ecclesiastical judge, most commonly of a bishop 
or his chancellor. * Romanize, to latinize, to fill with Latin 

words or modes of speech; to convert to the Roman Catholic religion, or 
to papistical opinions. f Romulus, the founder and first king 

of Rome. Remits, his twin-brother, was slain by him in a contest, which 
happened between the two brothers about building a city. 

t Roration, a falling of dew. || Rorijiuent, flowing with dew, 

§ Roseate, )-osy, bloom'mg, of a rose colour. 

* Rotary, a bed of roses, or place where roses grow ; a chaplet ; a string 
of beads usel by Roman Catholics, on which they count their prayers. 

KOS 461 RUB 

RosTR-UM;, n. 2. the beak of a bird, or of a ship ; a 
pulpit or tribunal : as^ ros7rate, beak%^. 
•biro57rate, or •fros'trum, n. ros'trate, or 

hiros'irated, a. ros'tral, a. ros'trated, a. 

"Ros-uSj p.p. (^axodiQ), gnawed, eaten awai/. (SeeRodo.) 
RoT-^, f.\. a wheel : as_, circumro7ary, turning, roll- 
ing, or whirling round ; ro'tdXQ, «?Ae<?^-shaped. 
circumro^a^ion, n. ro'^ate, a. \\rctund', a. 

cixcnxxiro'tatory, or §ro7a^ed, a. rotundiio'Wows, a. 

circumro'^ary, a. *rota'tion, n. rotun'dity, n. 

Xro'ta, n. %rotun'do, n. 

\\ro'taxy, a. -frota'tOT, n. *rouime', n. 

ro'ialory, a. Xrote, n. 

Roy /or Roi^ m. (Fr.) a king : aSj roy'oX, peiiaining 
to a king. 

■poxa'eroy, or ro?/'alism, n. unroy'al, a, 

ponieroy'al, n. roy'alist, n. X\\ce'roy, n. 

ro^al, a. & n. roy'alize, v. viceVoyship, n. 

rop'aWy, ad. -jroy'alty, n. viceroj/'alty, n. 

RuBERj -bri,, a. red, ruddy : as, erubes'cence, a be- 
coming re^^ redness ; ru'bied,red asa9'ub?/; ru'bric 
or 7'u'bricB\, red ; ru'bt'icate, to mark with 7'ed. 

eruhes'cence, n. en^&es'cent, a. ^ru'beUite, n. 
erubes'cency, n. \\Tu'be?ac\er\i, a.&n. rubes'cent, a. 

* Birostrateox Birostrated, having a double 6eaAr, or process resembling 
a beak. t Rostrum, the beak or bill of a bird, a beak or head of 
a ship ; in ancient Rome, a scaffold or elevated place in the forum adorn- 
ed with the beaks of the ships taken from Antium, a maritime town of 
Italy, where orations, pleadings, funeral harangues, &c. were delivered. 

$ Rota, an ecclesiastical court of Rome. II Rotary, turning, 

as a wheel on its axis. § Rotated, turned round, as a wheel. 

* Rotation, a wheeling, vicissitude. _t Rotator, that which 
gives a circular or roWing motion ; a muscle producing a )'oWng motion. 

% Rote, properly, a round of words ; words repeated over and over with- 
out attention to sense. I) Rotund, round, circular. 

§ Rotunda, a round building. * Routine, a round of business. 

t Royalty, Ariwg^hip, the character, state, or office of a king; rights of a 
king, prerogatives ; Royalties, plur. emblems of royalty, regalia. 

t Viceroy, literally, one instead of a kitig ; the governor of a kingdom 
or country, who rules in the name of the king with regal authority, as 
the king's substitute. || Rubefacient, in medicine, a substance 

or external application which excites redness of the skin ; making red. 

§ Rttbcllife, a siiicious mineral of a rerf colour of various shades. 
2 tt 2 

RUC 462 RUM 

•» »i'iican, a. riibif'ic, a. \\ru'lji ica.\, a. 

•fru'bicnnd^ a. r ubifica' lion, fi. ru', v. Sea. 

ruhicund'iiy, n. rti'hiform, a. rji'brica.te(\, a. 

ru'bied, a. :i;:ru' br ic, a. n.Sc v. ^rn'by, n. & a. 

RucT-L7S. 7??. 4 a belch or belcJiing. 

*eructa'iion, n. ructa^tion, n. 

RuD-is, a. unwroiight, untaught, ignorant, rude, 
•fer'ud'ite, a. rud£, a. \\ru'diment, n. 

Xerudit'i'on^ n. rudely , ad. rudivaen'tdX, a. 

RuF-i/Sj a. 7'eddish, yellowish red-^rufes'cent,'fo\is,a. 

TiuG-A,f. 1. a wrinkle : as, cov'rugaXe, to wrinkle. 
cov'Tuffate, v- & a. corruga'tion, n. ru'gose, a. 
cor'ruffated, a. *coT'rugatoi, n. ru'gous, a. 
cor'rugating, a. corVw^antj a. 

RuiN-^, /. 1. (a ruo, v. 3. to fall down'), a downfall, 
falling: as, 7-u'inifon'n, having the appearance of 
ruins; ruina'tion, subversion, overthrow, "(now 
only a colloquial term.) 

ru'in, n. & v. rti'ifier, n. ru'inoMS, a. 

ruina'tion, n. ru'iniform, a. rw'tVtously, ad. 

ru'ined, a. running, a. rw'mousness, n. 

Rumen, in-is, n. 3. the cud : as, ru'mindXQ, to chow 
the cud, to muse on, to meditate over and over again, 
r^'minant, a. &n. Tu'm{na\\ng, a, rumina'tor, n, 
ru'minate, v. rumina'tion, n. nnru'minaiedi, a. 

ru'minattd., a. 

* Rtibican colour of a horse, is a bay, sorrel, or black, with a light-grey 
or white upon the flanks, but the grey or white not predominant there. 

t Rubicund, inclining to redness. if. Rubric, directions in law and 

prayer books, printed formerly in red ink. 11 Rubrical, placed 

m rubrics- § Ruby, a precious stone of a red colour. 

* Eructation or Ructation, the act of belching wind from the stomach, 
t Erudite, taught, learned. if Erudition, learning, knowledge 

gained by study, or from books and instruction, particularly learning in 
uterature, as distinct from the sciences, — as in history, antiquity and lan- 
guages. II Rudiment, a first principle or element ; that which is 
to be first learnt. § Rufescent, tinged with red. * Con ugator, 
a muscle which contracts the skin of die forehead into wrinkles. 

RUM 463 laip 

KuMOR, m. 3. a common qx flying report. 

ru'mor, n. &V' ru'morer, n. ru'mor'wg, a. 

ru'tnored, a. 

RuNciN-^, f, \. a saw — *run'cin2iie, a. 
RuPT-C7M, sup. (« rumpOj v- 3. to break), to break, to 

burst : as^ shrupt', broken off or short, craggy, a 

sudden irea^ing off; di^rujy' t'lon, a 7'endmg or burst- 
ing asundev; erup'tioTv, Q,V\o\eT\ibreakmgoi:burst- 

ing out or forth ; vcrup'tion, a bui'strng in. 

Q}arupt', a. coxruplly, ad. interrwp^'ed, a. 

&hrupt^Y, ^^' corrupi'ness, n. inioxrupt'QdXy, cd. 

ahrupi'ness, n. disrujoi', a. miexrupt'ex, n. 

ahrup'iion, n. disi-up'tion, or interrupt ling, a. 

fhaiik'rupi, n.a.Scv. Airup'tion, n. interrwp'/ion, n. 

haxik'ruptedL, a. \\i\.\^rup'twxe, v. ixrup'tiorij n. 

bank'rMjo/ing, a. disrujo'^ured, a. ixrupt'he, n. 

ha.nk'ruptcy, n. d'arup'tuxing, a. ^x&rupt', a. 
Xcoxrupt', V. & a. ^xorup'tion, n. 

coxru2)t'ed, c. erup'iion, n. rup'ture, n. & v. 

coxrupt'cT, n. cr^ipt'vfc, a. riip'tMxed, c. 

coxrupt'ing.,n.Sia. iucoxrupt', or rup'tuxing, a. 

coxr7ipt'xess, n- incoxrupt'cd, a. ri//)'^ion, n. 

C'jxriipt/ible,a.8Lii. incoxrupt'ihlc, a. nncoxru2}t', a. 

coxrupi'ihlj, ad. ix\coxrupi'ihlexiess, un'mtexrupt'ed, n. 

corrwjoi'ibleness, n incorr«jD^ibil'ity, ?i.uninter)'?/jo^'edly, 

corrMjo^ibil'lty, n. mcoxrup't'ion, n. Mwcoxrupt'ed, a. 

coxrup'tion, n. mcoxrupl'ive, a. niicorru2)t'edness,n. 

coxrupt'ive, a. mcoxrupt'nei%, n. uncorrw^/'ness, n. 

corrMjoHess, a. ^mi^xrupi', v. Sl a. 

* Runcinate, resembling the teeth of a double saw, lioii-toothed, — ap- 
jilied to leaves. f Banlcrupt, bank-6roA:e?3, a trader who fails or 

becomes unable to pay his just debts ; an insolvent trader ; in strictness, no 
person but a trader can be a bankrupt. Bankruptcy is applied to mer- 
chants and traders : insolvency, to other persons. 

% Corrupt, to break, separate, or dissolve ; to change from a sound to a 
putrid or putrescent state ; to vitiate or deprave, to change from good to 
bad ; to pervert. _ II Disrtipture, to rend, to sever by tearing, 

breaking, or bursting, {unnecessary, as it is synonymous with rupture.) 

§ Interrupt, to break between ; to stop or hinder by breaking in upon 
the course or progress of any thing ; to divide, to separate ; also, broken ; 
containing a chasm. — Milton. 

RUP 464 SAC 

RuPT-J7S', p.p. (a rumpo), broken. (See Ruptum.) 

Rus, rui'-zSj n. 3. the country : as, rii^i'&\, rus'tic, be- 
longing to the country. 

ru'r&l, a. • rus'ticulness, n. 

ru' rally, ad. rus'fic, n. & a. rus'ticiitQ, v. 

rMValness, «. I^rustic'ity, n. ius't\.ca.tedL, a. 

^M'ralist, n. rus'tical, a. rns'tlcaimg, a. 

riis'ticaXly, ad. rustica'tion, n. 

Russ-c/s, a. reddish brown — rus'sti, a. 

Sabbat-i/jv/, n. 2. (Heb. n:iv, to cease, to rest from 
worTi), rest, the Sabbath : as, sabbat'ical, belong- 
ing to the Sabbath. 

anti-sabbata'na,x\,n. sahbat'ic, a. sab'bath-hresikQx, n. 

n. & a. ^sabbat'ic3\,a. sub'bath-\>TQ?,n, 

\\sabbata.'r''LSLri,n.Si.a. sab'bathm, n. sab'bathless, a. 

sabbata'xiam&xn, n. Sab'bath, n. 

Sabelli-l/S'j m. 2. an a?icient heretic. 

*sabel'lian, n. & a. sabel'lianism, n. 

SABUL-l/iV/j n. 2. small sand — sab'rilou?.,a. sabulos'iiy, n. 
Sacchar-uaJj n. 2. sugar : as, sac'charme, o^ sugar, 
saccharif 'eious, a. sac'charine, a. ■fsaccJiolac'tic, a. 

i^Rusticit!/, the manners or qualities of a countryman. 

n Sabbatarian, one who observes the seventh day of the week instead of 
the first. § Sabbatical year, in the Jewish economy, was every 

seventh year, in which the Israelites were commanded to suffer their fields 
and vineyards to rest, or lie without tillage, and the year next following 
every seventh sabbatical year in succession, that is, every fiftieth year was 
the jubilee, which was also a year of rest to the lands, and a year of re- 
demption or release. Lev. xxv, 

* Sabellian, a follower of SabeUius, a philosopher of Egypt, in the third 
century, who oi>enly taught that there is one person only in the Godhead, 
and that the Word and Holy Spirit are only virtues, emanations or func- 
tions of the Deity. + Saccholactic, a term in chemistry, denot- 
ing an acid obtained from the sugar of milk, — now called mucic acid. 




S.\CERj -cri^ a. sacred, hohj, devoted, detestable: a?, 
des'ecrate^ to divert from a sacred pui*pose ; ob'- 
5ecrate> to beseech^ to entreat ; sacerdio'i^, per- 
taining to priests or the p^iestYioodi ; sacV^lege, 
stealing sacred things. 

anti^acerdo'tal, a. obsecra'ticn, n. -f-sffcnficant, n. 
*con'secrdite^ u. &a. recon'secrate, v. 
con'5(?cratedj a. lecoW secrated, a. 5acnf 'icatory, l» 
Ttcon' secrating^a. "^sac'ri^ce, v. & n. 
recovisecra' t'lon, n- «acVificed, a. 
sacerdio'idX, a. sac'nficer, n. 

llsacVament, w. sacrific'ial, a. 

5acrament''al,a.& n.^ac'r jlege, n. 
sacrament'ally, ad, sacWle'gious, a. 
§5acramenta'rian, n. sacr Jle'giou sly, «r/. 
& fi. 5«cnle'giousness,?t. 

^iflorament'ary, a. 5«crile'gist, ti. 

& n. 
sa'cr&A, a. 
sa'credly, ad. 
sa'credriess, n. 
sacrii'ic, a. 
Sttcrif'ical, a. 

con' secrating, a. 

consecra't'ion, n. 

con'secrator, n. 

con's^cratory, a. 

des'ecrdiie, v. 

des'^crated, a. 

des'^crating, a. 

Aesecra'tion, n. 
+ex'^crate, v. 

exVcr«/ed, a. 

exccra7ion, n. 

ex'ecrable, a. 

ex'ecrably, «rf. 
ijlex'^cra/ory, n. 

ob'seo'SiiQ, v. 

||i'a'crist, n. 

*acVistan, n. 
§.sacVisty, n. 
*6'acVosanct, a. 

uncon'^£?crated, a. 

* Coi7secrate, to make or declare to be sacred by certain ceremonies or 
rites ; to appropriate to sacred uses ; to set apart, dedicate, or devote to 
the service and worship of God ; to canonize ; to set apart and bless the 
elements in the Lord's Supper ; to render venerable. 

t Execrate, literally, to curse, to denounce evil against, or imprecate 
evil on ; to detest utterly, to abhor, to abominate. 

X Execratory, a formulary of execration, II Sacrament, origi- 

nally, a sacred oath taken by soldiers to their generals ; now, a holy ordi- 
nance instituted by Christ, — as, the Lord's Supper, and Baptism. (See 
Larger Catechism, Question 162. and Short. Cat. Q. 92.) 

§ Sacramentarian, one that differs from the Romish Church in regard 
to the Sacrament, or Lord's Supper,— a word applied by the Catholics to 
Protestants. * Sacramentary , a book of the Romish Church containing 
all the prayers and ceremonies used in the celebration of the Sacraments. 

t Sacriflcant, one who offers a sacrifice. % Sacrifice, an offer- 

ing made to God by killing and burning some animal upon an altar, as an 
acknowledgment of his power and providence, or to make atonement for 
sin, appease or conciliate his favour, or to express thankfulness for his be- 
nefits. II Sacrist, Sacristan, an officer of the church who has the 
care of the utensils or moveables of the church,— now corrupted into sexton. 

§ Sacristy, ths place where the sacred utensils are kept,— now called the 
vestry. * Sacrosanct, holy, sacred, inviolable. 

SAD 4>66 SAL 

Sadducees* (Heb.), a sect of the Jems. 

Sad'ducee, n. sadduce'an, a. sad'ducism, n. 

Sagax, ac-25, a. (« sag-2^5, a. wise), knowing, fore^ 

seeing : as, ^tresage', to forebode, to foresJiow. 
•\Y^&'sage, n, -pvesag'ed, a. saffa'ciousness, n. 

■presage', v. presag'ing, a. sagac'ity, n. 

•presag'er, n. ^saga'cious, a. \\sage, a. & n. 

•presage'ful, a. saga'cionsly, ad. sagely, ad. 

Sagitt-a, f. I. an arrow : as, sag'ittnl, of or like an 

sag'ittal, a. %sagillaYius, n. 'sag'iiiary, n. '\sag'itta\.e, a. 
SaLj ot. 3. {J^M), salt ; wit: as, sal, in chemistry^ 
salt ; 5a/«f'erous or saliiiif'evous, producing salt,' 
saline' oi' 5a/i'nous, consisting oisalt ; salsu'ginous, 
salt'i&h., somewhat salt ; salt' em, a salt-work, 
sal, n. sa/'aried, a. sal'ifying, a. 

Xsala'cious, a. suHf'erous, or saline', a. & n. 

sala' ciow^y , ad. saliniferous, a. ■fsalina'tion, n. 
sala'cionsness, n. *sarify, v. sali'?ions, a. 

salac'iiy, n. sal'iAable, a. salhi'i^orm, a. 

Il^a^ad, n. sa/ifica'tion, n. Xsali'no-ierxene, a. 

%sal'axy, n. sal'i^edi, a. 

* Sadducees (either from the Hebrew word pTJf , justice, or from a cer- 
tain teacher among the Jews called Sadoc), a sect among the Jews who de- 
nied the resurrection, a future state, and the existence of angels. Acts xxiii. 

t P;-e,?rtge, something which foreshows a future event, a pi-ognostic i a 
present fact indicating something to come. ^ Sagacious, quick of scent or 
of thought ; acute in discernment or penetration. H Sage, a iviseman, a 
man of gravity and wisdom ; particularly, a man venerable for years, and 
known as a man of sound judgment and prudence ; a grave philosopher. 

§ Sagittar-:- an archer; one of the twelve signs of the Zodiac, which 
the sun ent;.- , I-'ov. 22. * Sagittary, a centaur, an animal half- 

man, half-hOi??, a'med with a how and quiver. 

t Sagittate, in Lotany, shaped like the head of an arrow. 

:^ Salacious, literaliy, highly excited, or prompt to leap, — like 5a?< ill 
the fire : kisiful, lecherous. Il Salad, raw herbs seasoned 

with salt, vinegar, &c. 5 Salary, originally, the pay 

of sold'ers, being partly in salt; a stated or fixed hire yearly: when the 
liire is monthly, wec-kly, or daDy, it is called pay or wages. 

* Sdlifi/, to form into a neutral salt, by combining an acid with an alkali, 
^arth or metal. f 'Mination, the act of washing with ^ait-water. 

\Salino-terrene, denoting a compoimd of salt and earth. 




salso-a.c"id, a. salt'iiess, n. sauce'pan, n. 

salsu'ginous, a. salt^ess, a. -fsau'cy^ a. 

sail, n. a. & v. salt'cot, n, sau'cily, ad. 

sall'ed, a. salt'-cellar. n. sau'cine^?,, n. 

eall'er, n. salt'xnmQ, n. :{:.9af//sage, n. 

salt'exn, n. sall'--pa.r,, or \\se'ason, n. 

sall'ing, a. & Ji. sali'--pit, n. se'asonage, n. 

sali'ish, a. saltpe'tre, n. se'asoner, n. 

salt'i%\\\y^ ad. s«Z^e'trous, a. se'asojiing, n. &. a. 

sall'hhness, n. *sauce, n. & v. unsa/^'ed, a. 
salily, ad. 

Salebr-^j /.!.(« salio)j ron^k ot ritgged places : as, 
sal'ebrous, rough, uneven 

Sal-io, v. 3. to leap, to Jump: as^ aBsaW or assault', 
to leap ox fall upon by violence, to attack sudden- 
ly ; coun'se/j advice ; dis527'/ent, storming asunder ; 
e^uW, to leap for joy, to rejoice in triumph ; re- 
sil'tent, leaping or starting back ; sa'lient, leajAng, 

assail', v. 
assai7«ble, a. 
assai'hm, n.&a. 
SLSsai'led, a. 
assai'ler, n. 
assai'/ing, a. 
assaull', n. & v. 
a.'^sault'ahle, a. 
assaulted, a. 

assault'er, n. 

assatilt'ing, a. 
§con's^^/, n. 

con'sular, a. 

con'sulate, or 

con'suhhiip, ti. 
*consult', V. & n. 

constdt'ed, a. 

consult'tr, n. 

consuU'ing, a. 
consuU'ative, a. 
coxxsidta't'ion, n. 
comVsel, n. & v. 
conn'sellahlQ, a. 
conn' selled, a. 
covwi' selling, a. 
coun'selloi, n. 
coiUi'«e//orship, n. 

* Sauce, a mixture eaten with food, to give it aiiditional flavour or re- 
lish, t Sauc!/, literally, shooting forward ; impudent, bold to 
excess, rude ; treating superiors with contempt. 

± Sausage, a roll of meat minced small, and seasoned with salt. 

11 Season, to mix with food any thing that gives a high relish ; to give a 
relish to ; to fit for any use by time or habit. 

§ Con.nil, the chief magistrate of the ancient Roman republic, invested 
with regal authority for one year ; now, a person couimisjioned by a king or 
state, to reside m a foreign country as an agent or repre^evrat^' e. to pro- 
tect the rights, commerce, merchants and seamen of the -tare, rad to aid 
the government in any commercial transactions with such icv-eign country. 

* Consult, to seek or ask advice of another, followed by ivitli ; co take 
counsel together, — because, it is said, the effect is to make the parties leap 
together as it were into one opinion. 




"des'ultory, a. 
deti'ullor'ily, ad. 
des'«//oriness, n. 
dissil'ience, 7i. 
dissil'icnt, a. 
dissiliii'on, Jt. 
exult', V. 

sal'lymg, a. 
Xsnl'mon, n. 
||sa^/'ant, a. 

salta'iion, n. 

§subsr</^'ive, or 

. suhsuit'ory, a. 

suhsuli'crily, ad. 
*subsuU'us, n. 

supersa'lience, n. 
'}-super.sa7ient, a. 

msidt'ed, a. 

insult'ing, a.&7i. 

]nsuli'ing\y, ad. 
Jprocoii'sw/, n. 

■procon'sular, a. 

procon'^rJship, ri 
\\resile', v. 

resil'ience, n, 

reiiV'iency, n. 
exw/^ant, a. resi/'ient, a. 

QTiulta'tlon, n. Ttsiliti'on, n. 

exiill'mg, a. ^rcsull', v. & n. 

in'sult, n. *'xcsult's.nt, n. unassfnVcble, a. 

•\insult', V. ' xesult'ing, a. xiua^sai'led, a. 

insulta'tion, n. sa'lient, a. una?.sa7dt'ed, a. 

insult'er, n. -^sal'ly, n. & v. unconsw/^'ed, a. 

Saliv-^j/. L spittle: 2L?>,sal'ivQxy,^eYiammgio saliva, 
\\sali'va, n. sali'vousy a. salivating, a. 

sal'ival, or sul'ivate, v. saliva'iion, n. 

sal'ivaiy, a. aal'ivated, a. 

Sal-us, ut-is, f. 3. safety, health : as, salu'drioua 
or sal'zdaiy, wholesome ; sal^ute, to greet, to hail ; 
salva't'ion, the ad of saving ; salutii'^ evoiis, bring- 
ing health. 

insafe'ty, n. insalu'brious, a. tesalute', v. 

insalu'briiy, n. insal'iitaxy, a. lesalu'ted, a. 

* Desultory, leap'ir.g, pawing or moving quickly from one thing or sub- 
ject to another, without order or natural connection ; unconnected. 

\Insult, a leaping on ; any gross abuse offered to another, either by words 
or actions ; act or speech of insolence or contempt ; to trample u}x)n, to 
atfront. t Procojisvl, a Roman magistrate sent to 

a ))rovince with consular authority for one year. 

II Resile, to start back, to Jii/ from a pmpose, — a word in Scots law to 
express receding from the terms of a bargain. 

§ Result, a leaping back ; a consequence, a conclusion, an inference. 

* Resultant, in mechanics, a force which is the combined effect of two 
or more forces, acting in different directions. 

t Sally, to issue suddenly : a spring or darting of intellect, fancy or ima- 
gination ; act of levity or extravagance, a wild gaiety, a frolic. 

tSali7ion, a fish, — because it takes great leaps. ^Saltant, leaping, dancing. 

§ Subsult-ive 01 SubsuUor^, leaping, bounding, moving by sudden leaiis 
or starts, or by twitches. *Subsvltus, in medicine, a ttvitchincoT 

cnn\ ulsive motion. t Supcrsalient, leaping upon. 

II Saliva, tixejiuid which is secreted by 
the salivary glands, ana which servts to moisten the mouth and tongue. 




sa'vahle, a. 
^a'yableness, n. 
save, V' 
sa'ved, a. 
sa'vQT, n. 
salving, a. & n. 
5a'yingly, ad. 
sa'yingness, n. 
sa'viowr, n. 
-]-sa'uings-bank, n. 
xmsalu'tadi, a. 
un^a'yed, a. 

resalu'iing, a. salii'ied, a. 

safe, a. & n. salu'ter, n. 

safely, ad. sahtta'iion, n. 

safe^ness, n. salu'tatoxy, a. 

safe'ty, n. salulif'erous, a. 

safe~con'dact, n. salv'ahle, a. 
safe'guard, n. sa/yabirity, n, 

salu'hrity, n. *salv'age, n. 

salu'brious, a. -fsalva'don, n. 

salu'brious\y, ad. Xsalv'atory, n. 

sal'utdixy, a. \\salve, n. & v. 

sal'utarmess, n. §5a/'yer, n. 

salute', V. & n. *sal'vo, n. 

Salv-c7S, a. (a salus), safe, sound. (See Sahis.) 

SAMARr-^_, /. 1. {a ^72iy, Heb. io preserve, to ffiicarl), 

an ancient city and country of Palestine. 

XSamar'itaw, n. &. a. 
Sanct-C7Sj a. {a sancio^ v. 4. to ratify, to ordain), holy, 

sacred: as^ saint, a 'person sanct if ed ; sanc'tify, 

to make holy ; sanc'tiij, holiness. 

svic'iosanct, a. sainiTike, a. sa?ic^iiica'tion, n. 

saint, n. & v. saint'ship, n. sanc'tifying, a. 

saint'ess, n. sanc'tify, v. Wsanc'iimony, n. 

saint'ed, a. sarec'/ified, a. Aa/ic/imo'nious, a* 

saintly, a. sanc'ti&er, n. sanc/jmo'niously, 

* Salvage, a reward allowed for saving goods from a wreck. 

t Salvation, in theology, the redemption of man from bondage of sin, 
and liability to eternal death, and the conferring on him overlastiiig hap- 
piness by Jesus Christ, — as, *' Godly sorrow worketh repentance to saloa~ 
tion," 2 Cor. vii. 10. 

t Salvatory, a place where things are preserved, a repository. 

II Sal.'e, an ointment or glutinous substance to be applied to wounds or 
sores; when spread on leather or cloth, it is called plaster ; help, remedy. 

^Salver, a piece of plate on which any thing is presented ; supposed to 
be used formeny to save what wis left. * Salvo (from saivojure, 

an expression used in reserving rights), an exception, an excuse. 

\ Savings-Bank, a bank in which the savings or earnings of the poor 
are deposited or put to interest for their benefit. 

:j: Samaritan, pertaining to Samaria, the country or principal city of the 
ten tribes of Israel, belonging to the tribe of Ephraim, ana after the cap- 
tivity of these tribes, rcpeopled by Cuthites, &c. from Assyria or Chaidea, 
2 ivingsxvii. ; denoting the ancient characters and alphabet used by the He- 
brews. II Sanctimonf/, a great profession or appearance of holinssf. 

SAN 470 SAP 

srt«c//ino'niou3ncss -fsayic'iltude, n. uxuaint', v. 

*sa)w'(ion, n. & v. sanc'tity, n. wnsaiiit'edi, a. 

5fl72c7ioned, a. Xsunc'tuvixy, n. wwsanc'ti^eA., a. 

sanctioning, a. \\sanc'l\\%, n. unsanctioned, a. 

SanguiSj m-is, m. 3. blood: as, ensan'<^zdne, to stain 

with, blood ; sancjuireYons, conx eying blood ; san'^ 

guify, to produce blood. 

consanguiii' iiy , n. san'gtiify, v. "Ij^san'gume, a. 

cousangum'eous,a. san'gui^er, n. san'giimoiyy ad. 

^cows'in, n. san'guifying, a. san'guineness, 11. 

ensan'guine, v. sanguiRcci'tioi), n. sanguin'eous, a. 

ensa7i'gui7ied, a. sanguif'luous, a. \\sa7iguini\'oro\is,a. 
*exsan'guio\xs, a. •\san'guin?ixy, a. ^san'gtihwge, n. 

sanguiferous, a. 

San-US'^ a. sound, in health, whole: as, san'at'wQj 
healing ; san'iiy, a sound state of mind. 

•interne', a. & n. san'ohle, a. san'iiy, n. 

msayie'ly, ad. sau'atiwe, a. sound, a. 

insanc'ness, n. sa/i'adveness, n. soundly, ad. 

insan'iiy, n. sane, a. soiind'ness, n. 
msan'a\A&, a. 

Sapi-0, v. 3. to savor or taste of ; to know, to be wise: 
as_, insip'idi, tasteless, wanting spirit or life ; sap'id, 
tastefxA ; sa'poYOws, having taste, 
msip'id, a. mf,ip'ii{\y, ad. inszp'idness, n. 

* Sanction, to ratify, to confirm. ■[ Sanctitude,- holiness. 

± Sanctuary, a or sacred place ; particularly among the Israelites, 
the most retired part of the temple at Jerusalem, called the Ho/j/o/Hu/^e^, 
in which was kept the ark of the covenant, and into which no person was 
permitted to enter except the High Priest, and that only once a-year, to 
intercede for the people. The same name was given to the most sacred 
part of the tabernacle. Lev. iv. Heb. ix. A house consecrated to the wor- 
ship of God, a church ; a place of protection, a sacred asylum. 

II Sanctus, a hymn, beginning v.'ith the words, " Holy/ Holy! Holy!" 
§ Cousin, the son or daughter of an uncle or auut ; the children of bro- 
thers or sisters being usually denominated cousins or cousin-germans. In 
the second generation, they are called second cousins. 

* Exsanguious, having no blood. + Sanguinary, bloody, attended 
with much Woodshed; 6toorfihirsty ; cruel ; eager to shed blood. 

X Sanguine, having the colour of blood, red ; abounding with blood, ple- 
thoric; warm, ardent; confident. H Saw^»i?jiyo>-o?<s, eating or subsist- 
ing on blood. § Sanguisuge, the hlood-snc'ker ; a leech or horse-leech. 

*' Insane, unsound in miiiS or intellect, mad, deranged in mind. 




insjpid'ity, n. 
"insijo'eence, n. 

sa'pient, a. 

sa vory, a. 
sa'vonlyj a. & ad. 
sa't;oriness, n. 
sa'vorless, a. 
un^fl'yory, a. 
unsa'uorily, ad. 
unsrt'yoriness, n. 

sa'pOT, n. 
•fresip'ience, n. sa'porou^, a. 

sap'id, a. saporos'ity, n. 

sap'idness, n. \\sapori£'ic, a. 
supid'ity, n. ^sa'vor, n. &c v. 

^sa'pjence, n. sa'voYly, a. & ad. 

Sapo, on-/s, m. 3. soap : as, sapomi cqovx^ or sap'on- 
arj, soapy, resembling soap, 
sapona' ceous, a. *sapon'ify, v. soap, n. 

sap'onary, a. saponiiicii'tion, n. soa'py, a. 

Sara (Arab-proLably « ixa;, Heb. to remain), a desert. 
-|-5ar'aband, n. Sar'acens, n. Xsarac^xi'ic, a. 

Sarx, sarc-os {(m^l, c-a^y.oi'), flesh : as, sar'coccie, a 
flesh?/ tumor or swelling. 

||ana*'a?-ca, n. sarcas'tically, ad. ^sarco'ma, n. 

anas'arcous, a. sar'cocele, n. 
§hypersarco'sis, n. sarcoVogy, n. 
*sar'casm, n. sarcolog'ical, a. 

sarcas't'ic, a. •\-sarcocoV\a,, n. 

sarcas' ticsiX, a. 
Satan {trscrav, a ^isu;, Heb. an adversary/, an enemy 
to God and man), the devil. 
Sa'tan, n. satari'ical, a. $a'tani^vc\, n. 

satan'ic, a. satan'icaWy, ad. 

* Insipience, want of wisdom or understanding, folly, foolishness. 

j- Resipience, properly, tvisdom derived from severe experience,— hence 
repentance. if Sapience, wisdom, sageness, knowledge. || Sapoi-i- 

fie, producing taste. § Savor, taste or odor ; in Scripture, character 

or reputation ;— a sweet savor denotes that which renders a thing accep- 
table to God, or his acceptance. Hence, to smell a sivect savour^ is to ac- 
cept the offering or service. Gen. viii. * Saponifi/, to convert 
into soap by combination with an alkali. f Saraband, a dance 
and a tune used in Spain,— said to be derived from the Saracens. 

X Saracenic, pertaining to the Saracens, inhabitants of Arabia, a coun- 
try which, m its general aspect, is a vast and arid desert. 

II Anasarca, a species of dropsy, from a serous humor spread between 
the skin and ihejiesh. § Hyper sarcosis, the growth of fungus 

or proud ^e.s7j. * Sarcasm (literally, a tearing or plucking off 

the skin), a bitter taunt or gibe. Of this we have an example in tlie re- 
mark of the Jews respecting Clhrist on the cross, — " He saved others, him- 
self he cannot save." \Snrcocolta, a semi-transparent solid substance, 
imported from Arabia and Persia, sometimes called a gum resin,— used in 
healing wounds and ulcers. ^ Sarcoma, any fleshy excrescence on 
an animal body. U Sai code, in surgery, producing or gcmi.\ flesh. 

sarcoph'agy, n. 
sarcoph'agus, ?i. 
sarcoipWagous, a. 
\\sarcot'ic, a. & n. 




Satelles, it-is, m. 3. a life-guard, an attendant. 

*sat'eHiit, n. saielliti'ous, a. 

Satir-^j /. 1. a poem in which vice and folly arc 

censured : as, satir'ic, belonging to satire, 
•fsat'ire, n. satir'icixUy, ad. satirized, a. 

saiir'ic, a. sai'irist, n. sat'irlzing, a. 

satir'icdX, a. satfirize, v. 

SatiSj a. enough, sufficient: as^ sate, sa'tiate, to fill, 
to glut; sat'isfy, to give enough, to content; 5^^'- 
nr2X%, impregnating to \h.efull. 

A\&sat'isiy, v. sa'teA, a. 

dissai'ji'fied, a. satelQ^s, a. 
dissa^'isfying, a. sa'/iate, v. 
dissa/jsfac'tion, n. satia.'iion, 71. 
ciissal is fdc'tory, a. ^sati'ety, n. 
dissa/Jifac'torily, sat'isfy, v. 
diisj iisfac'toxiness, sai'is&eA, a. 
iiisa'/iable, a. sat'is^er, n. 

msa'tiah\y, ad. sat'isfymg, a. 
insa'iiahleness, n. satisiac'tion, n. 
iwsa'tis,te^ a. 

satis^ac'tory, a. 

iusa'tlately, ad. 
iitsdii'ety, n. 
insaiisfa.c'tOYy, a 
insai'tirahle, a. 
oversai'iirate, v. 
oversai'urated, a. \\sat'urate, v. 
oversat'urating, a, sut'urateA, a. 
sate, V. saturating, a. 

satura'tion, n. 
siip8rsa/'?^rate, v. 
supersa^'wrated, a. 
super^ai'urating, a 
unsaved, a. 
\\\).s'J.'ti'Jih\t, a. 

un^iViatedj a. 
vxns' I tis^ac'iory, a. 
wns '^^'sfac'toriness, 

satis?ac'torii.y, ad. uustz/ii^fac'tion, n. 
s'/^irfac'torinessj w. \.\nsat'is^?^\&, a. 

sat'ura\)\e, a. 
s^U'urant, a. 

nnsat'is^edf a. 
unsrti'ji'fiedness, ??. 
unsat'isfyiug, a. 
nns^it'urated, a. 

*SateUite, a secondary planet or moon ; a small planet revolving round or 
attending upon a larger. In the solar system, eighteen satellites have been 
discovereci : the Earth has owe, called the Moon; Jupiter/ow;-, Saturn seven, 
and Herschel six. A follower, an obsequious attendant or dependant. 

t Satire (a Satyri, satyrs, rural demigods, having the horns, ears, and 
feet of goats, the rest human, remarkablefor their nimbleness, piercingeyes, 
and keen raillery), a discourse or poem, in which wickedness or folly is 
exposed with severity, — so called, because, in the ancient satire, the cha- 
racter of the Sati/rs, or persons like them, were introduced. It differs 
from lampoon and pasquinade, in being general rather than personal. 

:i: Satiety, proj)erly, fulness of gratification, either of appetite or any sen- 
sual desire ; but it usually implies /«?ne5s beyond desire ; an excess of gra- 
tlfiration which excites wearisomeness or loathing ; a state of being glutted. 

1! Saturate, lo impregnate or unite with, til! no more can be received. 

SAT 478 SCA 

Satrap (Pers. a (rxr^uTn-i;, Gr.) a governor of a district. 

*sat'rap, n. sat'rapess, n. •\-sai'rapy, n. sal'vapa}, a. 

Sat-um, sup. (a sero, v. 3. to sow), to sow — saVive, a. 

Satur, a. (« satis), full. (See Satis.) 

Sat\jrn-us, m. 2. (« satur), an ancient heatheii deity. 
XSat'urn^ n. ^saturn'vdn, a. •fsat'urni^t, n. 

\\saturna.'li2ii\,n.Sia. *sat'urnme, a. XSat'ur(li:xy, n. 

Saxon (Sax. reax^, a knife, sword, or dagger),a Sa.xon 
\\Sax'on, n. Si. a. ^sax'onhm, 7i. sax'o7ii?,t, n. 

SAX-t/M, n. 2. a stone or rock. 

sax'atllQ^ a. *sax'ihdLge, n. ir/^if ragous, a. 

ScAL-^, /. 1. a ladder ; a stair. 

-j-e^co/ade', n. & v. soa'lah\e, a. sca'led, a. 

^scalade', or sca'l'mg, a. 

scala'do, n. scale, n. & v. scaling, ladder^ n. 

ScALEN-os {(j-icoc.}.r,voc,), uneven, unequal. 
Ilsca/ene', n. & a. scale'nous, a. 

* Satrap, in Persia, an admiral; but more generally a governor of a 
province. -f Satrapy, the government or jurisdiction of a satrap. 

X Saturn (Saturnus, quia se satvrat annis, Cic. Nat. D. III. 24), in 
mythology, one of the oldest and principal deities, the son of Coslus and 
Terra, (heaven and earth), king of Latium ir Italy, and the father of Ju- 
piter, (See Lempriere's Class. Diet.) He answers to tlie Greek x'^ene^, 
C'hronus or time. In astronomy, one of the planets of tlie solar system, 
less in magnitude than Jupiter, but more remote from the sun. 

II Suturnalian, pertauiing to the Saturnalia, or festivals celebrated in 
honour of Saturn, Dec. ]fj, 17, or 13, in which men indulged in riot with- 
out restraint, — hence loose, dissolute, sportive. 

§ Saturnian, in fabulous history, pertaining to Saturn, whose age or 
reign, from the mildness and wisdom of his government, is called the golden 
age. Hence golden, happy ; distinguished for purity, integrity, and sim- 
plicity. * Saturnine, supposed to be under the influence of 
Saturn ; — hence dull, heavy, grave; not readily susceptible of excitement, 
phlegmatic. \Saturnist, a person of a dull, grave, gloomy 
temperament. ij: Saturdai/, Saturn's day, the last day of the week. 

II Saxon, one of the nation or people who formerly dwelt in the northern 
part of Germany, and who invaded and conquered England in the fifth and 
sixth centuries. The Welsh still call the English Scesons. Also, the lan- 
guage of the Saxons. § Saxonism, an idiom of the Saxon language. 

* Saxifrage, a medicine that has the property of breaking or dissolving 
the stone in the bladder. But in Botany, a genus of plants of many species. 

t Escalade, in the military art, a furious attack made by troops on a for- 
tiiied place, in which ladders are used to pass a ditch or mount a raniparU 

X Scahide or Scalado, is also written E^talade, which see above. 

II A Scalene triangle is one whose sides and angles are unequal. 
2 R 2 




ScANDAL-o>.' {a-x.av^ciXov'), CI cause of offence ; disgrace. 
*sca>i'dal, n. scan'dalonsxiess, n. scan'daHzed, a. 

sccm'dalous, a. scan'dalize, v. scan'daliz'mgyn.Sca. 

scart'daloualy, ad. 
ScAND-Oj V. 3. to go, to climb, to mount: as, ascend^ 
to go up, to rise ; descoid'^ to go down ; transcend', 
to go beyond, to surpass, to 7'ise above. 
nscend', v. descend', v. %scan, v. 

asce/it/'able, a. descend'er, n. scan'ued^ a. 

Rsceud'ant, n. & a. descend' ant, n. scan'nin^, a. 
asaend'ed, a. dcscend'ent, a. 

ascend'ency, n. descend'ihlQ, a, 

desceudihiViiy, fi. 

dssccn'sion, n. 

descen'sioual, a. 

descens'ive, a. 

descent', n. 

Viscend'mg, a. 
•^ascent'., n. 

ascen's'ion, n. 
"i^&sceii'sion-day, n. 

ascens'ive, a. 

cloud -a5t;^/i(^'ing,a. veasccnd', v. 
||coiidesc^?i{/', V. reascend'ed, a. 

condesce nd'cnce,n. reascend'ing, a. 

coivdescend'ing, a. leasee Ji'sion, ?i. 

condescend'ingly, reascent', n. 

co!idesc6-n'*ion, n. xedescend', v. 

*scand'ent, a. 
scan'sion, n. 
transcend', v. 
transcend'ed, a. 
transcend'ing, a. 
transcend'ence, n. 
tianscend'ency, n. 
transcend' eiit, a. 
transcend' enily, ad. 
txanscendtn'taX, a. 
wnascend'ihle, a. 
\xndescend'i\>\e, a. 
\xnscan'ned, a. 

condescens'ive, a. redescend'ing, a. 
tScAPUL-^, /, 1. the shoulder-blade ; the shoulder: as, 

mii'rscap'uhr, situated between the shoidders. 
mtersC(ip'ular,a. scap'ula,n. Xscap'ular,a. ||supra-sc/j9'«i/ciry,a. 

* Scandal, literally, a stumliling-blotk, something against which a per- 
son impinges, or which causes him to fa\],—oJfence given by the faults of 
another ; (in this sense we nov/ generally use offence) ; reproachful asper- 
sion, opprobrious censure, defamatory speech or report; shame, reproach, 
disgrace. f Ascent, the act of rising ; the way by which one 

ascends ; the rise of a hill. + Asrension-dny, a festival of some 

Christian churches, held ten days, or on the Thursday but one before 
Whitsuntide, which is called Holy Thursday, in commemoration of our 
Saviour's ascension into heaven, after his resurrection. 

II Condescei-d, to descend from the privileges of superior rank or dignity, 
to do some act to an inferior, which strict justice or the ordinary rules of 
civility do not require. Hence, to submit, to yield, as to an inferior, im- 
plying an occasional relinquishment of distinction. 

?Scan, to examine a verse by counting the feet ; to examine with criti- 
care. * Scandait, c/imbmg; cliniMug,, either with spiral 

tendrils for its support, or by adhesive fibres, as a stalk. 

t Scapula, the shonlder-biade. ^ Scapular, pertaining to the 

shoulder or the scapula. R Suprascapular^/, being above the scapula. 

SCA 475 SCE 

ScARii'ii-os (o-tcccpi^oi), a pointed hn^.tru/ncnt. 

*scar'ify, v. scflr'ificr, u. -fs car iRc&' tor, n, 

scar'iiymgj (1. scaz-ifica'tion, n. 

ScATURi-Oj V. 4. (''i scateOj v. 2. ^0 bubble as a spring') 

to spring as a foiuitain. 
:!^sca'tebrous, a. scat'ier, v, scat'ieri